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Sen, Amartya K.

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1933年11月生まれ、インド出身。ハーヴァード大学経済学・哲学両教授。専門は厚生経済学・社会的選択理論。 1998年、厚生経済学・社会的選択理論における顕著な業績を認められてノーベル経済学賞を受賞。 多数決ルールが推移的であるための必要十分条件の解明、効用の個人間比較に関する社会的選択の枠組みの定式化、 自由主義的価値観とパレート効率性の要求が矛盾することを明らかにしたリベラル・パラドックスの研究、 不平等を測定するためのジニ係数に基づくSen尺度の公理的特徴づけ、 飢饉を引き起こすメカニズムの理論的分析とエンタイトルメント概念の提唱、 諸個人の福祉を適切に捉える理論的枠組みとしての潜在能力アプローチの提唱など、 現代の規範経済学において最も重要な貢献を為してきた経済学者。 現在は、いわゆる「文明の衝突」といった不毛な議論に対して歴史的・倫理的観点の両面から批判を展開し、 宗教・民族・道徳的価値観など様々な点において異なる人々が共生できるような社会の構想を練っている。

◆学歴

1953: B.A. in Physics, Presidency College, Calcutta.
1955: B.A. in Economics, Trinity College, Cambridge.
1959: Ph.D. in Economics, Trinity College, Cambridge.

◆職歴

1956-1958: Professor of Economics, Jadavpur University, Calcutta.
1957-1963: Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.
1963-1971: Professor of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi.
1971-1977: Professor of Economics, London School of Economics, University of London.
1977-1980: Professor of Economics, Oxford University, and Fellow of Nuffield College.
1980-1988: Drummond Professor of Political Economy, Oxford University, and Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford.
1987-1998: Thomas W. Lamont University Professor and Professor of Economics and Philosophy, Harvard University, (Senior Fellow, Harvard Society of Fellows, 1989-98).
1998-2003: Master, Trinity College, Cambridge.
2003-present: Thomas W. Lamont University Professor and Professor of Economics and Philosophy, (Senior Fellow, Harvard Society of Fellows).


■主な編書

◆Sen, A.K.; Williams, B. [eds.], (1982), Utilitarianism and Beyond, Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 0521287715 [amazon]
◆Dreze, J.; Sen, A.K. [eds.], (1990-1991), The Political Economy of Hunger, Vol.1-3., Clarendon Press, ISBN: 019828635X [amazon]
◆Nussbaum, M.C.; Sen, A.K. [eds.], (1993), The Quality of Life Clarendon Press, ISBN: 0198283954 [amazon] ※ = 200603 水谷めぐみ抄訳, 『クオリティー・オブ・ライフ――豊かさの本質とは』, 里文出版, 237p., \3150, ISBN: 4898062466 [amazon]
◆Dreze, J.; Sen, A.K. [eds.], (1997), Indian Development: Selected Regional Perspectives, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 019829204X [amazon]
◆Dreze, J.; Sen, A.K. [eds.], (1999), The Amartya Sen and Jean Dreze Omnibus: Comprising Poverty and Famines, Hunger and Public Action, and India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 0195648315 [amazon]
◆Arrow, K.J.; Sen, A.K.; Suzumura, K. [eds.], (2002), Handbook of Social Choice and Welfare, North-Holland, ISBN: 0444829148 [amazon] = 2006, 鈴村興太郎監訳『社会的選択と厚生経済学ハンドブック』, 丸善, \23100, ISBN: 4621075284 [amazon]

■主な共著

◆Dreze, J.; Sen, A.K. (1995), India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity, Clarendon Press, ISBN: 0198295286 [amazon]
◆Sen, A.K. with J.E. Foster (1997), On Economic Inequality, Expanded ed., with a Substantial Annexe by James E. Foster and Amartya Sen., Clarendon Press, ISBN: 0198281935 [amazon]= 20000727 鈴村興太郎・須賀晃一訳, 『不平等の経済学――ジェームズ・フォスター, アマルティア・センによる補論「四半世紀後の『不平等の経済学』」を含む拡大版』, 東洋経済新報社, 298p, \3675 ISBN: 4492312803 [amazon]
◆Dreze, J.; Sen, A.K. (2002), India: Development and Participation, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 0199257493 [amazon]
◆アマルティア・セン/後藤 玲子 20081219  『福祉と正義』 東京大学出版会, ix+299p+viii. ISBN-10: 4130101102 ISBN-13: 978-4130101103 ¥2940(税込) [amazon][kinokuniya]

■主な単著

◆Sen, A.K. (1960), Choice of Techniques: An Aspect of the Theory of Planned Economic Development, Basil Blackwell, ISBN: 0631108300 [amazon]
◆Sen, A.K. (1970), Collective Choice and Social Welfare, Holden-Day, xi+225p, ISBN: 0444851275 [amazon] = 20000825 志田基与師監訳, 『集合的選択と社会的厚生』, 勁草書房, 308p, \3150, ISBN: 4326501863 [amazon]
◆Sen, A.K. (1973), On Economic Inequality, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 019828182X [amazon]= 19770729 杉山武彦訳, 『不平等の経済理論』, 日本経済新聞社, 169p.
◆Sen, A.K. (1981), Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation, ISBN: 0194424243 [amazon] = 2000 黒崎卓・山崎幸治訳, 『貧困と飢饉』, 岩波書店, \2940, ISBN: 4000019244 [amazon]
◆Sen, A.K. (1982), Choice, Welfare and Measurement, Basil Blackwell, ISBN: 0674127781 [amazon]= 19890410 大庭健・川本隆史抄訳, 『合理的な愚か者――経済学=倫理学的探究』, 勁草書房, 309p, \3150, ISBN: 4326152176 [amazon][kinokuniya] ※
◆Sen, A.K. (1984), Resources, Values and Development, Basil Blackwell, ISBN: 0674765265 [amazon]
◆Sen, A.K. (1985), Commodities and Capabilities, North-Holland, ISBN: 0195650387 [amazon] = 19880122 鈴村興太郎訳, 『福祉の経済学──財と潜在能力』, 岩波書店, xiv+145+31p, \2310, ISBN: 4000020048 [amazon]
◆Sen, A.K. (1987), The Standard of Living: The Tanner Lectures, Clare Hall, Cambridge, 1985, Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 0521368405 [amazon]
◆Sen, A.K. (1987), On Ethics and Economics, Basil Blackwell ISBN: 0631164014 [amazon] = 20020509 徳永澄憲・松本保美・青山治城訳, 『経済学の再生──道徳哲学への回帰』, 麗澤大学出版会, 220p, \2415, ISBN: 4892054488 [amazon]
◆Sen, A.K. (1992), Inequality Reexamined, Clarendon Press, ISBN: 0674452569 [amazon] = 19990715 池本幸生・野上裕・佐藤仁訳, 『不平等の再検討──潜在能力と自由』, 岩波書店, 263+63p., \3150, ISBN: 4000028782 [amazon]
◆Sen, A.K. (1999), Reason before Identity: The Romanes Lecture for 1998, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 0199513899 [amazon] = 200303 細見和志訳, 『アイデンティティに先行する理性』,関西学院大学出版会, 95p., \1890, ISBN: 4907654448 [amazon]
◆Sen, A.K. (1999), Development as Freedom, Alfred A. Knopf, ISBN: 0385720270 [amazon] = 2000 石塚雅彦訳, 『自由と経済開発』, 日本経済新聞社, \2310, ISBN: 4532148294 [amazon]
◆Sen, A.K. (2002), Rationality and Freedom, Harvard University Press, ISBN: 0674013514 [amazon]
◆Sen, A.K. (2002), (大石りら訳) 『貧困の克服――アジア発展の鍵は何か』, 集英社新書, \672, ISBN: 4087201279 [amazon]
◆Sen, A.K. (2006), Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny, W.W. Norton, ISBN: 0393329291 [amazon]
◆Sen, A.K. (2006), (東郷えりか訳) 『人間の安全保障』, 集英社新書, \714, ISBN: 408720328X [amazon]

■主要論文

◆Sen, A.K. (1961), “On Optimizing the Rate of Saving,” Economic Journal, 71: 479-496.
◆Sen, A.K. (1963), “Distribution, Transitivity and Little's Welfare Criterion,” Economic Journal, 73: 771-778.
◆Sen, A.K. (1964), “Preferences, Votes and the Transitivity of Majority Decisions,” Review of Economic Studies, 31: 163-165.
◆Sen, A.K. (1966), “A Possibility Theorem on Majority Decisions,” Econometrica, 34: 491-499.
◆Sen, A.K. (1966), “Labour Allocation in a Cooperative Enterprise,” Review of Economic Studies, 33: 361-371.
◆Sen, A.K. (1966), “Peasants and Dualism with or without Surplus Labor,” Journal of Political Economy, 74: 425-450.
◆Sen, A.K. (1966), “Hume's Law and Hare's Rule,” Philosophy, 41: 75-79.
◆Sen, A.K. (1967), “Isolation, Assurance and the Social Rate of Discount,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 81: 112-124.
◆Sen, A.K. (1967), “Terminal Capital and Optimum Savings,” in C. Feinstein, [ed.], Socialism, Capitalism and Economic Growth: Essays Presented to Maurice Dobb, Cambridge University Press.
◆Sen, A.K. (1969), “Quasi-transitivity, Rational Choice and Collective Decisions,” Review of Economic Studies, 36: 381-393.
◆Pattanaik, P.K.; Sen, A.K. (1969), “Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for Rational Choice under Majority Decision,” Journal of Economic Theory, 1: 178-202.
◆Sen, A.K. (1970), “The Impossibility of a Paretian Liberal,” Journal of Political Economy, 78: 152-157.
◆Sen, A.K. (1970), “Interpersonal Aggregation and Partial Comparability,” Econometrica, 38: 393-409.
◆Sen, A.K. (1971), “Choice Functions and Revealed Preference,” Review of Economic Studies, 38: 307-317.
◆Dasgupta, P; Sen, A.K.; Starrett, D. (1973), “Notes on the Measurement of Inequality,” Journal of Economic Theory, 6: 180-187.
◆Sen, A.K. (1974), “On Some Debates in Capital Theory,” Economica, 41: 328-335.
◆Sen, A.K. (1974), “Informational Basis of Alternative Welfare Approaches: Aggregation and Income Distribution,,” Journal of Public Economics, 3: 387-403.
◆Sen, A.K. (1974), “Rawls versus Bentham: An Axiomatic Examination of the Pure Distribution Problem,” Theory and Decision, 4: 301-309.
◆Sen, A.K. (1975), “Minimal Conditions for the Monotonicity of Capital Value,” Journal of Economic Theory, 11: 340-355.
◆Sen, A.K. (1976), “Liberty, Unanimity and Rights,” Economica, 43: 217-245.
◆Sen, A.K. (1976), “Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement,” Econometrica, 44: 219-231.
◆Sen, A.K. (1976), “Real National Income,” Review of Economic Studies, 43: 19-39.
◆Sen, A.K. (1976), “Welfare Inequalities and Rawlsian Axiomatics,” Theory and Decision, 7: 243-262.
◆Sen, A.K. (1977), “Social Choice Theory: A Re-Examination,” Econometrica, 45: 53-89.
◆Sen, A.K. (1977), “On Weights and Measures: Informational Constraints in Social Welfare Analysis,” Econometrica, 45: 1539-1572.
◆Sen, A.K. (1977), “Rational Fools: A Critique of the Behavioural Foundations of Economic Theory,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 6: 317-344.
◆Sen, A.K. (1979), “Utilitarianism and Welfarism,” Journal of Philosophy, 76: 463-489.
◆Sen, A.K. (1979), “Personal Utilities and Public Judgments: Or What's Wrong with Welfare Economics?,” Economic Journal, 89: 537-558.
◆Sen, A.K. (1979), “Strategies and Revelation: Informational Constraints in Public Decisions,” in J.-J. Laffont, [ed.], Aggregation and Revelation of Preferences, North-Holland.
◆Sen, A.K. (1979), “The Welfare Basis of Real Income Comparisons: A Survey,” Journal of Economic Literature, 17: 1-45.
◆Sen, A.K. (1980), “Equality of What?,” in S. McMurrin, [ed.], Tanner Lectures on Human Values, Volume 1, Cambridge University Press.
◆Sen, A.K. (1981), “A Positive Concept of Negative Freedom,” in E. Morscher and R. Stanzinger, [eds.], Ethics: Foundations, Problems, and Applications, Holder-Pichler-Tempsky.
◆Sen, A.K. (1981), “Ingredients of Famine Analysis: Availability and Entitlements,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 96: 433-464.
◆Sen, A.K. (1982), “Rights and Agency,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 11: 3-39.
◆Sen, A.K. (1983), “Liberty and Social Choice,” Journal of Philosophy, 80: 5-28.
◆Sen, A.K. (1983), “Evaluator Relativity and Consequential Evaluation,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 12: 113-132.
◆Sen, A.K. (1983), “Poor, Relatively Speaking,” Oxford Economic Papers, 35: 153-169.
◆Sen, A.K. (1985), “Well-being, Agency and Freedom: The Dewey Lectures 1984,” Journal of Philosophy, 82: 169-221.
◆Sen, A.K. (1985), “A Sociological Approach to the Measurement of Poverty: A Reply to Professor Peter Townsend,” Oxford Economic Papers, 37: 669-676.
◆Sen, A.K. (1985), “Rationality and Uncertainty,” Theory and Decision, 18: 109-127.
◆Sen, A.K. (1986), “Information and Invariance in Normative Choice,” in W.P. Heller, R. Starr, and D.A. Starrett, [eds.], Social Choice and Public Decision Making: Essays in Honor of Kenneth J. Arrow, Vol. 1, Cambridge University Press.
◆Sen, A.K. (1986), “Social Choice Theory,” in K.J. Arrow and M. Intriligator, [eds.], Handbook of Mathematical Economics, Vol. III, North-Holland.
◆Sen, A.K. (1988), “Freedom of Choice: Concept and Content,” European Economic Review, 32: 269-294.
◆Sen, A.K. (1988), “The Concept of Development,” in H. Chenery and T.N. Srinivasan, [eds.], Handbook of Development Economics, North-Holland.
◆Sen, A.K. (1988), “Property and Hunger,” Economics and Philosophy, 4: 57-68.
◆Sen, A.K. (1989), “Food and Freedom,” World Development, 17: 769-781.
◆Sen, A.K. (1989), “Co-operation, Inequality and the Family,” in G. McNicoll and M. Cain, [eds.], Rural Development and Population: Institutions and Policy: A Supplement to Population and Development Review, Vol.15, Oxford University Press.
◆Sen, A.K. (1990), “Gender and Cooperative Conflicts,” in I. Tinker, [ed.], Persistent Inequalities, Oxford University Press.
◆Sen, A.K. (1990), “Justice: Means versus Freedoms,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 19: 111-121.
◆Sen, A.K. (1991), “Welfare, Preference and Freedom,” Journal of Econometrics, 50: 15-29.
◆Sen, A.K. (1992), “Minimal Liberty,” Economica, 59: 139-159.
◆Sen, A.K. (1992), “Missing Women,” British Medical Journal, 304: 586-587.
◆Sen, A.K. (1993), “Markets and Freedoms: Achievements and Limitations of the Market Mechanism in Promoting Individual Freedoms,” Oxford Economic Papers, 45: 519-541.
◆Sen, A.K. (1993), “Internal Consistency of Choice,” Econometrica, 61: 495-521.
◆Sen, A.K. (1993), “Positional Objectivity,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 22: 126-145.
◆Sen, A.K. (1995), “Rationality and Social Choice,” American Economic Review, 85: 1-24.
◆Sen, A.K. (1996), “On the Foundations of Welfare Economics: Utility, Capability and Practical Reason,” in F.H. Hahn, et al., [eds.], Ethics, Rationality and Economic Behavior, Oxford University Press.
◆Sen, A.K. (1997), “Population Policy: Authoritarianism versus Cooperation,” Journal of Population Economics, 10: 3-22.
◆Sen, A.K. (1997), “Individual Preference as the Basis of Social Choice,” in K.J. Arrow, A.K. Sen, and K. Suzumura, [eds.], Social Choice Re-examined, Macmillan.
◆Sen, A.K. (1997), “Maximization and the Act of Choice,” Econometrica, 65: 745-780.
◆Sen, A.K. (1998), “Mortality as an Indicator of Economic Success and Failure,” Economic Journal, 108: 1-25.
◆Sen, A.K. (1999), “Democracy as a Universal Value,” Journal of Democracy, 10: 3-17.
◆Sen, A.K. (1999), “The Possibility of Social Choice,” American Economic Review, 89: 349-378.
◆Sen, A.K. (2000), “Consequential Evaluation and Practical Reason,” Journal of Philosophy, 97: 477-502.
◆Sen, A.K. (2000), “The Discipline of Cost-Benefit Analysis,” Journal of Legal Studies, 29: 931-952.
◆Sen, A.K. (2000), “Social Justice and the Distribution of Income,” in A.B. Atkinson and F. Bourguignon, [eds.], Handbook of Income Distribution, Vol. 1, North-Holland.
◆Anand, S.; Sen, A.K. (2000), “Human Development and Economic Sustainability,” World Development, 28: 2029-2049.
◆Sen, A.K. (2002), “Open and Closed Impartiality,” Journal of Philosophy, 99: 445-469.
◆Sen, A.K. (2003), “Sraffa, Wittgenstein, and Gramsci,” Journal of Economic Literature, 41: 1240-1255.
◆Sen, A.K. (2003), “Missing Women Revisited,” British Medical Journal, 327: 1297-1298.
◆Sen, A.K. (2004), “Elements of a Theory of Human Rights,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 32: 315-356.
◆Sen, A.K. (2005), “Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary!,” Feminist Economics, 11: 1-9.
◆Sen, A.K. (2006), “What Do We Want from a Theory of Justice?,” Journal of Philosophy, 103: 215-238.
◆Sen, A.K. (2008), “Violence, Identity and Poverty,” Journal of Peace Research, 45: 5-15.


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