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Elizabeth Kane



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 The first surrogate birth occurred in the U.S. in 1976. In November of 1980 Elizabeth Kane (her real name is Mary Beth but she is not the same Mary Beth who was involved in the case of "baby M" discussed later) became the first legal surrogate mother in America. She later became active in the National Coalition Against Surrogacy (Kane [1988] [1989]).

 一九七六年、米国で最初の代理出産が行われる。エリザベス・ケイン(Elizabeth Kane、仮名、本名はメアリー・ベス――後述のベビーM事件のメアリー・ベスとは別人)が一九八〇年十一月にアメリカで最初の合法的な代理母となる。彼女は後に「代理母に反対する全米連合 National Coalition Against Surrogacy 」で活動することになる(Kane[1988=1993][1989=1991])。



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