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Galton, Francis

フランシス・ゴールトン/ゴルトン (Japanese Page)


http://galton.org/
・Galton, Francis, Sir, 1822-1911

◆1865 "Hereditary Talent and Character"
◆1869 Hereditary Genius : an inquiry into its laws and consequences
 →1978 Hereditary genius : an inquiry into its laws and consequences, introduced by H. J. Eysenck, St. Martin's London : J. Friedmann ; New York : St. Martin's Press, xxvii+390p. ISBN:0312369891 $27.50
 →1983 Hereditary genius : an inquiry into its laws and consequences, introduced by H.J. Eysenck VOL :pbk., London ; Dover, N.H. : F. Pinter Publishers, Classics in psychology and psychiatry , ISBN:0861873076 ; 0861873084 $25.00 ; $9.75
 =1935 甘粕石介訳『天才と遺伝』, 岩波書店→1975 (一部) 「能力は遺伝的に配分される」,『現代のエスプリ』95:32-37
◆1883 Inquiries into human faculty and its development, London, Macmillan and co., 1883 xiip., 1 l., 387p. incl. illus.,tables., diagrs. front., iv pl. (partly col.) 23cm.
◆1904 "The Sociological Society, an international organization based in Britain, was formed in 1904 at the University of London. Galton edited for publication the various reports of this organization along with related discussion and press commentary (Galton ed. [1904]). Seven volumes were published in total dealing with three fields of inquiry: methodology of sociology, positive research related to sociology and practical/applied sociology. The section on methodology included joint works by Durkheim and Branford and Durkheim and Fauconnet. Galton published "Eugenics: its Definition, Scope, and Aims" (Galton [1904] [1909]) in the applied sociology section. The definition provided in this text states "Eugenics is the science which deals with all influences that improve the inborn qualities of a race; also with those that develop them to the utmost advantage". Both supportive and critical commentary was elicited, and Hobhouse, who until that point had mainly focused on realizing improvements in social welfare through the reform of the social environment, wrote in praise of Galton's having introduced the improvement of the people's "stock" as a new subject in the field of welfare reform (for the above I have relied on Ichinokawa [1990b])."(Tateiwa [1997])
◆Galton, Francis. Schuster, Edgar,,joint author. 1906 Noteworthy families (modern science) an index to kinships in near degrees between persons whose achievements are honourable, and have been publicly recorded, London, J. Murray, 1906 xlii, 96p. 23cm.
◆1908 Inquiries into human faculty and its development, London, J. M. Dent & co.; New York, E. P. Dutton & co. 1908 xix, 261,[1]p. illus., 2 pl. (1 col.) diagrs. 18cm.
◆1908 REISSUE DATE: 1973 Inquiries into human faculty and its development, London, J. M. Dent; New York, Dutton [New York, AMS Press, xix, 261p. illus. 19cm. 0404081274
◆1909 REISSUE DATE: 1985 Essays in eugenics, SR:The History of hereditarian thought. 16New York : Garland, 109p. : ill. ; 19cm. 082405816X (alk. paper)
◆1928 Inquiries into human faculty and its development, London, J. M. Dent & sons, ltd.; New York, E. P. Dutton & co., inc. 1928 xix, 261p., 1 l. illus., plates (1 double col.) diagrs. 18cm.
◆1978 Hereditary genius : an inquiry into its laws and consequences, introduced by H. J. EysenckVOL :St. Martin's London : J. Friedmann ; New York : St. Martin's Press, xxvii+390p. ISBN:0312369891 $27.50
◆Galton, Francis, Laboratory for National Eugenics Staff; Pearson,Karl; Jaederholm, Gustav; Rosenberg, Charles-Editor 19840101 Questions of the Day & of the Fray SR: The History of Hereditarian Thought Ser. P: Garland Pub, 350p. EDITION: Repr. 0-8240-5813-5 Active entry Lib. Bdg $45.00
◆Galton, Francis; Rosenberg, Charles-Editor 19850301 Essays in Eugenics SR: The History of Hereditarian Thought Ser. P: Garland Pub, 109p. EDITION: Repr. of 1909 ed. 0-8240-5816-X Active entry Lib. Bdg $20.00
◆Galton, Francis, Laboratory for National Eugenics Staff; Pearson,Karl; Elderton, Ethel; Rosenberg, Charles-Editor 19850301 Eugenics Laboratory Lecture Series SR: The History of Hereditarian Thought Ser. P: Garland Pub, 434p.  0-8240-5815-1 Active entry Lib. Bdg $58.00
◆Galton, Francis, Laboratory for National Eugenics Staff;Rosenberg, Charles-Editor 19850301 Selected Eugenics Labroratory Memoirs SR: The History of Hereditarian Thought Ser. P: Garland Pub, 330p. EDITION: Repr.  0-8240-5814-3 Active entry Lib. Bdg $45.00
◆Inquiries into Human Faculty & Its Development, P: AMS Pr, EDITION: Repr. of 1907 ed. 0-404-08127-4 Active entry Trade $27.00
◆1909 Essays in eugenics, London, The Eugenics education society, 1909 3p.l., 109p. incl.tables, diagr. 19cm.→Galton, Francis; Rosenberg, Charles-Editor 19850301, Essays in Eugenics, SR: The History of Hereditarian Thought Ser. Garland Pub, 109p. EDITION: Repr. of 1909 ed., 0-8240-5816-X Active entry Lib. Bdg $20.00
◆Galton, Francis, Laboratory for National Eugenics Staff; Pearson,Karl; Elderton, Ethel; Rosenberg, Charles-Editor 19850301 Eugenics Laboratory Lecture Series SR: The History of Hereditarian Thought Ser. P: Garland Pub, 434p. 0-8240-5815-1 Active entry Lib. Bdg $58.00
◆Galton, Francis, Laboratory for National Eugenics Staff; Pearson,Karl; Jaederholm, Gustav; Rosenberg, Charles-Editor 19840101 Questions of the Day & of the Fray SR: The History of Hereditarian Thought Ser. P: Garland Pub, 350p. EDITION: Repr. 0-8240-5813-5 Active entry Lib. Bdg $45.00
◆Galton, Francis, Laboratory for National Eugenics Staff;Rosenberg, Charles-Editor 19850301 Selected Eugenics Labroratory Memoirs SR: The History of Hereditarian Thought Ser. P: Garland Pub, 330p. EDITION: Repr.  0-8240-5814-3 Active entry Lib. Bdg $45.00



TATEIWA Shin'ya 1997 On Private Property『私的所有論』), Tokyo, Keiso-Shobo
  Chapter 6 "Politics towards the individual", Section 3 "Intervention towards abilities ", 1 "Focus and intervention regarding environment/heredity" (translation by Robert Chapeskie), note21

  "His "Hereditary Talent and Character" was published in 1865. In this essay he asserted that mental characteristics were hereditary and advocated the early marriage of men and women of superior quality and the delayed marriage of men and women of inferior quality. A description of "Hereditary Genius" (see Galton [1869]) can be found in Aso [1975]. In this work the hereditary theory of intelligence is "proved" through family studies of geniuses. The term "eugenics" was first proposed in "Inquiries into the Human Faculty and its Development" (Galton [1883]. See Suzuki [1991a:98-101]). For detailed research into Galton's life and work see Okamoto [1987]. For an overview of the history of Eugenics which has been translated into Japanese see Kevles [1985 - Japanese trans. 1993]. For an overview of the history of eugenics in Britain see Suzuki, Matsubara and Sakano [1991] (particularly the sections written by Matsubara).
  The Sociological Society, an international organization based in Britain, was formed in 1904 at the University of London. Galton edited for publication the various reports of this organization along with related discussion and press commentary (Galton ed. [1904]). Seven volumes were published in total dealing with three fields of inquiry: methodology of sociology, positive research related to sociology and practical/applied sociology. The section on methodology included joint works by Durkheim and Branford and Durkheim and Fauconnet. Galton published "Eugenics: its Definition, Scope, and Aims" (Galton [1904] [1909]) in the applied sociology section. The definition provided in this text states "Eugenics is the science which deals with all influences that improve the inborn qualities of a race; also with those that develop them to the utmost advantage". Both supportive and critical commentary was elicited, and Hobhouse, who until that point had mainly focused on realizing improvements in social welfare through the reform of the social environment, wrote in praise of Galton's having introduced the improvement of the people's "stock" as a new subject in the field of welfare reform (for the above I have relied on Ichinokawa [1990b]).
  Inspired by these reports edited by Galton and the controversy surrounding them the Eugenics Education Society was established in London in 1907, and its membership quickly grew to five hundred and twenty seven by the time of Galton's death in 1911 and over one thousand in 1913-14. In 1911 Charles Darwin's son Leonard (1850-1943, author of Darwin [1926] cited elsewhere in this book) was appointed chairman of the society and in 1912 an international eugenics conference was held in London (see Suzuki [1991a:100-101]). The connections between sociology societies and eugenics societies in America and Britain are also referred to in Tomiyama [1993:121-122]. For more on the history of eugenics in Britain see Searle [1976]. " (Tateiwa[1997:255-256]) Japanese


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