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Dasgupta, Partha

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http://www.econ.cam.ac.uk/faculty/dasgupta/


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1942年11月17日生まれ、インド出身。ケンブリッジ大学フランク・ラムゼイ記念教授。資源・環境経済学、開発経済学における顕著な業績で有名。 1979年に出版されたHeal教授との共著Economic Theory and Exhaustible Resourcesは枯渇性資源を伴う経済を分析した古典的名著。 1974年のDasgupta, Sen, and Starrett、1979年のDasgupta, Hammond, and Maskin論文は各々、不平等測度、遂行理論における必読論文である。 1987年のRay教授との共著論文では、栄養失調と効率賃金仮説を組み合わせたモデルによって、途上国特有の労働市場の問題を 見事に分析した。近年は、従来の経済学で扱われてこなかった社会資本や環境の価値などの研究に精力的に取り組んでいる。 現代経済学における最も重要な研究者の一人といっても過言ではない。

◆学歴
1962 B.Sc. (Hons.) in Physics, University of Delhi.
1965 B.A. (Hons.) in Mathematics, University of Cambridge.
1968 Ph.D. in Economics, University of Cambridge.

◆職歴
1968-1971 Research Fellow, Trinity Hall, Cambridge.
1968-1969 Visiting Assistant Professor, Carnegie-Mellon University.
1970-1971 Visiting Fellow, Delhi School of Economics.
1971-1974 Supernumery Fellow, Trinity Hall, Cambridge.
1971-1975 Lecturer, London School of Economics.
1974-1975 Visiting Associate Professor, Stanford University.
1975-1978 Reader, London School of Economics.
1978 Visiting Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University.
1978-1984 Professor of Economics, London School of Economics.
1981 Ford Visiting Professor, Institute of Economic Growth, University of Delhi.
1983-1984 Visiting Professor, Stanford University.
1985- Professor of Economics (Frank Ramsey Professor of Economics, since 1994), University of Cambridge and Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge.
1987 Visiting Professor, Harvard University.
1988 Visiting Professor, Princeton University.
1989-1992 Professor of Economics, Professor of Philosophy, and Director of the Programme in Ethics in Society, Stanford University.
1997-2001 Chairman of the Faculty of Economics and Politics, University of Cambridge.
2003 BP Visiting Professor, London School of Economics.


■主な編書
◆Dasgupta, P.; Binmore, K. [eds.] (1986), Economic Organizations as Games, Basil Blackwell, ISBN:063114255X [amazon]
◆Dasgupta, P.; Binmore, K. [eds.] (1987), The Economics of Bargaining, Basil Blackwell, ISBN:0631142541 [amazon]
◆Dasgupta, P.; Stoneman, P. [eds.] (1987), Economic Policy and Technological Performance, Cambridge University Press, ISBN:0521345553 [amazon]
◆Dasgupta, P.; Gale, D.; Hart, O.; Maskin, E. [eds.] (1992), Economic Analysis of Markets and Games, MIT Press, ISBN: 0262041278 [amazon]
◆Dasgupta, P.; Maler, K.-G. [eds.] (1997), The Environment and Emerging Development Issues, Vols. I-II, Clarendon Press, ISBN:0198287674 [amazon]
◆Dasgupta, P.; Maler, K.-G.; Vercelli, A. [eds.] (1997), The Economics of Transnational Commons, Clarendon Press, ISBN:0198292201 [amazon]
◆Dasgupta, P.; Serageldin, I. [eds.] (2000), Social Capital: A Multifaceted Perspective, World Bank, ISBN:0821345621 [amazon]

■主な共著
◆Dasgupta, P.; Heal, G.M. (1979), Economic Theory and Exhaustible Resources, Cambridge University Press, ISBN:052122991X [amazon]

■主な単著
◆Dasgupta, P. (1982), The Control of Resources, Harvard University Press, ISBN:0674169808 [amazon]
◆Dasgupta, P. (1993), An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution, Oxford University Press, ISBN:0198287569 [amazon]
◆Dasgupta, P. (2001/2004), Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment, Revised edition, with New Appendix, Oxford University Press, ISBN:0199247889 [amazon](=植田和弘監訳『サステイナビリティの経済学――人間の福祉と自然環境』岩波書店, 2007年 [amazon]
◆Dasgupta, P. (2007), Economics: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press, ISBN:9780192853455 [amazon]

■主要論文
◆Dasgupta, P. (1969), “Optimal Growth when Capital is Non-Transferable,”Review of Economic Studies, 36: 77-88.
◆Dasgupta, P. (1969), “On the Concept of Optimum Population,”Review of Economic Studies, 36: 295-318.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Stiglitz, J.E. (1971), “Differential Taxation, Public Goods and Economic Efficiency,”Review of Economic Studies, 38: 151-174.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Stiglitz, J.E. (1972), “On Optimal Taxation and Public Production,”Review of Economic Studies, 39: 87-103.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Sen, A.K.; Starrett, D.A. (1973), “Notes on the Measurement of Inequality,”Journal of Economic Theory, 6: 180-187.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Heal, G.M. (1974), “The Optimal Depletion of Exhaustible Resources,”Review of Economic Studies, 41: 3-28.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Stiglitz, J.E. (1974), “Benefit Cost Analysis and Trade Policies,”Journal of Political Economy, 83: 1-33.
◆Dasgupta, P. (1974), “On Some Problems Arising from Professor Rawls' Conception of Distributive Justice,”Theory and Decision, 4: 325-344.
◆Dasgupta, P. (1974), “On Some Alternative Criteria for Justice Between Generations,”Journal of Public Economics, 3: 405-423.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Stiglitz, J.E. (1977), “Tariffs versus Quotas as Revenue Raising Devices under Uncertainty,”American Economic Review, 67: 975-981.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Eastwood, R.; Heal, G.M. (1978), “Resource Management in a Trading Economy,”Quarterly Journal of Economics, 92: 297-306.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Hammond, P.; Maskin, E.S. (1979), “The Implementation of Social Choice Rules: Some Basic Results in Incentive Compatibility,”Review of Economic Studies, 46: 183-215.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Hammond, P. (1980), “Fully Progressive Taxation,”Journal of Public Economics, 13: 141-154.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Hammond, P.; Maskin, E.S. (1980), “On Imperfect Information and Optimal Pollution Control,”Review of Economic Studies, 47: 857-860.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Stiglitz, J.E. (1980), “Industrial Structure and the Nature of Innovative Activity,”Economic Journal, 90: 266-293.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Stiglitz, J.E. (1980), “Uncertainty, Industrial Structure and the Speed of R&D,”Bell Journal of Economics, 11: 1-28.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Stiglitz, J.E. (1981), “Resource Depletion under Technological Uncertainty,”Econometrica, 49: 85-104.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Stiglitz, J.E. (1981), “Market Structure and Resource Extraction under Uncertainty,”Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 83: 319-334.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Stiglitz, J.E. (1981), “Entry, Innovation, Exit: Towards a Dynamic Theory of Oligopolistic Industrial Structure,”European Economic Review, 15: 137-158.
◆Dasgupta, P. (1982), “Utilitarianism, Information and Rights,”in A.K. Sen and B. Williams, [eds.], Utilitarianism and Beyond, Cambridge University Press.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Stiglitz, J.E. (1982), “Market Structure and Resource Depletion: A Contribution to the Theory of Intertemporal Monopolistic Competition,”Journal of Economic Theory, 28: 128-164.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Gilbert, R.; Stiglitz, J.E. (1982), “Invention and Innovation under Alternative Market Structures: The Case of Natural Resources,”Review of Economic Studies, 49: 567-582.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Gilbert, R.; Stiglitz, J.E. (1983), “Strategic Considerations in Invention and Innovation: The Case of Natural Resources,”Econometrica, 51: 1439-1448.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Ray, D. (1985), “An Economic Theory of Malnutrition,”in S. Guhan and M. Shroff, [eds.], Essays on Economic Progress and Welfare, Oxford University Press.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Hahn, F.H. (1985), “In Defence of Economics,”Nature, 317: 589-590.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Maskin, E.S (1986), “The Existence of Equilibrium in Discontinous Economic Games, 1: Theory,”Review of Economic Studies, 53: 1-26.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Maskin, E.S (1986), “The Existence of Equilibrium in Discontinous Economic Games, 2: Applications,”Review of Economic Studies, 53: 27-41.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Ray, D. (1986), “Inequality as a Determinant of Malnutrition and Unemployment, 1: Theory,”Economic Journal, 96: 1011-1034.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Ray, D. (1987), “Inequality as a Determinant of Malnutrition and Unemployment, 2: Policy,”Economic Journal, 97: 177-188.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Maskin, E.S. (1987), “The Simple Economics of Research Portfolios,”Economic Journal, 99: 581-595.
◆Dasgupta, P. (1988), “Trust as a Commodity,”in D. Gambetta, [ed.], Trust: Making and Breaking Cooperative Relations, Basil Blackwell.
◆Dasgupta, P. (1988), “Lives and Well-Being,”Social Choice and Welfare, 5: 103-126.
◆Dasgupta, P. (1988), “Patents, Priority and Imitation, or, the Economics of Races and Waiting Games,”Economic Journal, 98: 66-80.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Stiglitz, J.E. (1988), “Potential Competition, Actual Competition and Economic Welfare,”European Economic Review, 32: 569-577.
◆Dasgupta, P. (1990), “Well-Being and the Extent of its Realization in Poor Countries,”Economic Journal, 100: 1-32.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Ray, D. (1991), “Adapting to Undernutrition: The Clinical Evidence and its Implications,”in J. Dreze and A.K. Sen, [eds.], The Political Economy of Hunger: Economics and Policy, Clarenden Press.
◆Dasgupta, P. (1991), “Nutrition, Non-Convexities and Redistributive Policies,”Economic Journal, 101: 22-26.
◆Dasgupta, P. (1992), “Poverty and Living Standards,”in P. Dasgupta, D. Gale, O. Hart and E. Maskin, [eds.], Economic Analysis of Markets and Games, MIT Press.
◆Dasgupta, P. (1993), “Natural Resources in an Age of Substitutability,”in A. Kneese and J. Sweeney [eds.], Handbook of Environmental Economics, Vol III, North-Holland.
◆Dasgupta, P. (1994), “Optimal Development and the Idea of Net National Product,”in I. Goldin and A. Winter [eds.], Sustainable Economic Development: Domestic and International Policy, Cambridge University Press.
◆Dasgupta, P. (1994), “Savings and Fertility: Ethical Issues,”Philosophy and Public Affairs, 99-127.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Maler, K.-G. (1995), “Poverty, Institutions, and the Environmental Resource-Base,”in J. Behrman and T.N. Srinivasan, [eds.], Handbook of Development Economics, Vol. III(A), North Holland.
◆Dasgupta, P. (1995), “The Population Problem: Theory and Evidence,”Journal of Economic Literature, 33: 1879-1902.
◆Arrow, K.J.; Bolin, B.; Costanza, R.; Dasgupta, P.; Folke, C.; Holling, C.S.; Jansson, B.-O.; Levin, S.; Maler, K.-G.; Perrings, C.; Pimentel, D. (1995), “Economic Growth, Carrying Capacity, and the Environment,”Science, 268: 520-521.
◆Daily, G.; Bolin, B.; Crosson, P.; du Guerny, J.; Ehrlich, P.; Folke, C.; Dasgupta, P.; Jansson, A.-M.; Jansson, B.-O.; Kautsky, N.; Kinzig, A.; Levin, S.; Maler, K.-G.; Pinstrup-Andersen, P.; Walker, B. (1998), “Food Production, Population Growth, and Environmental Security,”Science, 281: 1291-1292.
◆Daily, G.; Soderqvist, T.; Aniyar, S.; Arrow, K.J.; Ehrlich, P.; Dasgupta, P.; Jansson, A.-M.; Jansson, B.-O.; Kautsky, N.; Levin, S.; Lubchenco, J.; Maler, K.-G.; Simpson, D.; Starrett, D.; Tilman, D.; Walker, B. (1999), “The Nature of Value and the Value of Nature,”Science, 289: 395-396.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Maskin, E.S. (1999), “Democracy and Other Goods,”in I. Shapiro and C. Hacker-Cordon, [eds.],Democracy's Value, Cambridge Universiy Press.
◆Barrett, S.; Dasgupta, P.; Maler, K.-G. (1999), “Intergenerational Equity, Social Discount Rates, and Global Warming,”in P.R. Portney and J.P. Weyant, [eds.], Discounting and Intergenerational Equity, Resources for the Future.
◆Dasgupta, P. (2000), “Economic Progress and the Idea of Social Capital,”in P. Dasgupta and I. Serageldin, [eds.], Capital: A Multifaceted Perspective, World Bank.
◆Dasgupta, P. (2000), “Reproductive Externalities and Fertility Behaviour,”European Economic Review, 44: 619-644.
◆Dasgupta, P. (2001), “Valuing Objects and Evaluating Policies in Imperfect Economies,”Economic Journal, 111: 1-29.
◆Dasgupta, P. (2003), “Social Capital and Economic Performance: Analytics,”in E. Ostrom and T.K. Ahn, [eds.], Critical Studies in Economic Institutions: Foundations of Social Capital, Edward Elgar.
◆Arrow, K.J.; Dasgupta, P.; Maler, K.-G. (2003), “The Genuine Savings Criterion and the Value of Population,”Economic Theory, 21: 217-225.
◆Dasgupta, P. (2003), “Population, Poverty, and the Natural Environment,”in K.-G. Maler and J. Vincent, [eds], Handbook of Environmental Economics, Vol. I, North-Holland.
◆Arrow, K.J.; Dasgupta, P.; Goulder, L.; Daily, G.; Ehrlich, P.; Heal, G.M.; Levin, S.; Maler, K.-G.; Schneider, S.; Starrett, D.; Walker, B. (2004), “Are We Consuming Too Much?,”Journal of Economic Perspectives, 18: 147-172.
◆Dasgupta, P.; Maskin, E.S. (2005), “Uncertainty and Hyperbolic Discounting,”American Economic Review, 95: 1290-1299.
◆Dasgupta, P. (2005), “Regarding Optimum Population,”Journal of Political Philosophy, 13: 414-442.


*作成:坂本 徳仁
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