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Arrow, Kenneth J.

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http://www-econ.stanford.edu/faculty/arrow.html
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1972/arrow-autobio.html
http://cepa.newschool.edu/het/profiles/arrow.htm


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1921年8月23日ニューヨーク生まれ。スタンフォード大学名誉教授。1957年、40歳以下の優秀な若手研究者に贈られる ジョン・ベイツ・クラーク・メダルを獲得。1972年に厚生経済学への顕著な貢献を認められて、John R. Hicksとともに ノーベル経済学賞を受賞。一般均衡の存在や安定性に関する研究、情報の不完全性に関する研究、社会的選択理論の創出などといった 20世紀の経済理論において最も重要な貢献を為してきた経済学者の一人。

◆学歴
1940 B.S., Mathematics, City College of New York
1941 M.A., Mathematics, Columbia University
1951 Ph.D., Economics, Columbia University

◆職歴
1942-46 Weather Officer, US Army Air Corps (ret. Captain)
1947-49 Research Associate, Cowles Commission for Research in Economics
1948-49 Assistant Professor of Economics, University of Chicago
1948- Consultant, the RAND Corporation
1949-68 Acting Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, and Professor of Economics and Statistics, Stanford University
1962-63 Economist, President's Council of Economic Advisers
1968-79 Professor of Economics, Harvard University
1980 to date Professor of Economics and Operations Research, Stanford University


■主な編書
◆Arrow, K.J.; Hurwicz, L. [eds.] (1977), Studies in Resource Allocation Processes, Cambridge University Press, ISBN:0521215226 [amazon]
◆Arrow, K.J.; Intriligator, M.D. [eds.] (1981-1991), Handbook of Mathematical Economics, Vol.I-IV, North-Holland, ISBN:0444860541 [amazon]
◆Arrow, K.J.; Sen, A.K.; Suzumura, K. [eds.] (1995-1997), Social Choice Re-Examined: Proceedings of the IEA Conference Held at Schloss Hernstein, Berndorf, near Vienna, Austria, Vol.1-2, St. Martin's Press, ISBN:0312127391 [amazon]
◆Arrow, K.J.; Sen, A.K.; Suzumura, K. [eds.] (2002), Handbook of Social Choice and Welfare, North-Holland, ISBN: 0444829148 [amazon] (= 鈴村 興太郎監訳『社会的選択と厚生経済学ハンドブック』丸善, 2006年, ISBN: 4621075284 [amazon]

■主な共著
◆Arrow, K.J.; Hurwicz, L.; Uzawa, H. (1958), Studies in Linear and Non-Linear Programming, Stanford University Press, ISBN: 0804705623 [amazon]
◆Arrow, K.J.; Kurz, M. (1970), Public Investment, the Rate of Return, and Optimal Fiscal Policy, Johns Hopkins Press, ISBN:0801811244 [amazon]
◆Arrow, K.J.; Hahn, F.H. (1971), General Competitive Analysis, , ISBN: 0444854975 [amazon] (= 福岡 正夫, 川又 邦雄訳『一般均衡分析』岩波書店, 1976年, ISBN: 4000000969 [amazon]
◆Arrow, K.J.; Raynaud, H. (1986), Social Choice and Multicriterion Decision-Making, MIT Press, ISBN:0262010879 [amazon]

■主な単著
◆Arrow, K.J. (1951/1963), Social Choice and Individual Values, 2nd ed., Yale University Press, ISBN:0300013639 [amazon] (= 長名 寛明訳『社会的選択と個人的評価』日本経済新聞社, 1977年, 1963年版の邦訳, ISBN: 4532072735 [amazon]
◆Arrow, K.J. (1971), Essays in the Theory of Risk-Bearing, North-Holland, ISBN: 072043047X [amazon]
◆Arrow, K.J. (1974), The Limits of Organization, Norton, ISBN: 0393055078 [amazon] (= 村上 泰亮訳『組織の限界』岩波書店, 1999年, 岩波書店1976年刊の再刊 ISBN: 4000264192 [amazon]

■主要論文
◆Arrow, K.J. (1950), “A Difficulty in the Concept of Social Welfare,” Journal of Political Economy, 58: 328-346.
◆Arrow, K.J.; Harris, T.; Marschak, J. (1951), “Optimal Inventory Policy,” Econometrica, 19: 250-272.
◆Arrow, K.J. (1951), “Alternative Approaches to the Theory of Choice in Risk-Taking Situations,” Econometrica, 19: 404-437.
◆Arrow, K.J. (1951), “Little's Critique of Welfare Economics,” American Economic Review, 41: 923-934.
◆Arrow, K.J. (1951), “An Extension of the Basic Theorems of Classical Welfare Economics,” in J. Neyman, [ed.], Proceedings of the Second Berkeley Symposium on Mathematical Statistics and Probability: Held at the Statistical Laboratory, Department of Mathematics, University of California, July 31-August 12, 1950., University of California Press.
◆Arrow, K.J.; Debreu, G. (1954), “Existence of an Equilibrium for a Competitive Economy,” Econometrica, 22: 265-290.
◆Arrow, K.J.; Hurwicz, L. (1958), “On the Stability of the Competitive Equilibrium I,” Econometrica, 26: 522-552.
◆Arrow, K.J.; Block, H.D.; Hurwicz, L. (1959), “On the Stability of the Competitive Equilibrium II,” Econometrica, 27: 82-109.
◆Arrow, K.J. (1959), “Rational Choice Functions and Orderings,” Economica, 26: 121-127.
◆Arrow, K.J.; Capron, W.M. (1959), “Dynamic Shortages and Price Rises: The Engineer-Scientist Case,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 73: 292-308.
◆Arrow, K.J.; Hurwicz, L. (1960), “Competitive Stability under Weak Gross Substitutability: The "Euclidean Distance" Approach,” International Economic Review, 1: 38-49.
◆Arrow, K.J.; Enthoven, A.C. (1961), “Quasi-Concave Programming,” Econometrica, 29: 779-800.
◆Arrow, K.J. (1962), “The Economic Implications of Learning by Doing,” Review of Economic Studies, 29: 155-173.
◆Arrow, K.J. (1963), “Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care,” American Economic Review, 53: 941-973.
◆Arrow, K.J. (1964), “The Role of Securities in the Optimal Allocation of Risk-bearing,” The Review of Economic Studies, 31: 91-96.
◆Arrow, K.J.; Levhari, D. (1969), “Uniqueness of the Internal Rate of Return with Variable Life of Investment,” Economic Journal, 79: 560-566.
◆Arrow, K.J.; Kurz, M. (1970), “Optimal Growth with Irreversible Investment in a Ramsey Model,” Econometrica, 38: 331-344.
◆Arrow, K.J.; Lind, R.C. (1970), “Uncertainty and the Evaluation of Public Investment Decisions,” American Economic Review, 60: 364-378.
◆Arrow, K.J. (1971), “A Utilitarian Approach to the Concept of Equality in Public Expenditures,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 85: 409-415.
◆Arrow, K.J. (1972), “Gifts and Exchanges,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 1: 343-362.
◆Arrow, K.J. (1972), “Models of Job Discrimination,” in A.H. Pascal, [ed.], Racial Discrimination in Economic Life, Lexington Books.
◆Arrow, K.J. (1972), “Some Models of Race in the Labor Market,” in A.H. Pascal, [ed.], Racial Discrimination in Economic Life, Lexington Books.
◆Arrow, K.J. (1973), “Some Ordinalist-Utilitarian Notes on Rawls's Theory of Justice,” Journal of Philosophy, 70: 245-263.
◆Arrow, K.J. (1973), “Higher Education as a Filter,” Journal of Public Economics, 2: 193-216.
◆Arrow, K.J. (1973), “The Theory of Discrimination,” in O. Aschenfelter and A. Rees, [eds.], Discrimination in Labor Markets, Princeton University Press.
◆Arrow, K.J. (1973), “Rawls's Principle of Just Saving,” Swedish Journalof Economics, 75: 323-335.
◆Arrow, K.J. (1977), “Extended Sympathy and the Possibility of Social Choice,” American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings, 67: 219-225.
◆Arrow, K.J.; Radner, R. (1979), “Allocation of Resources in Large Teams,” Econometrica, 47: 361-385.


*作成:坂本徳仁
UP:20080519 REV:20080603
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