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Atkinson, Anthony B.
アトキンソン・アンソニー
http://www.nuffield.ox.ac.uk/Economics/People/atkinson.htm


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1944年生まれ、イギリス出身。オックスフォード大学ナフィールド・カレッジ教授。公共経済分野における顕著な業績、所得・資産の不平等、福祉国家に関する 優れた研究で有名。アトキンソン教授が弱冠26歳のときに仕上げた論文 “On the Measurement of Inequality” は不平等指標の研究における古典である。また、 Stiglitz教授とともに書き上げたLectures on Public Economicsは公共経済学における古典的名著であり、未だに読まれるべきところが多くある。

◆学歴
1966 M.A., Cambridge University

◆職歴
1967-71 Fellow of St. John’s College, Cambridge
1971-76 Professor of Economics, University of Essex (Chairman of Department, 1974-76)
1973 Visiting Professor of Economics at MIT
1976-79 Professor of Political Economy and Head of Department, University College, London
1980-92 Tooke Professor of Economic Science and Statistics, London School of Economics
1992-94 Professor of Political Economy, University of Cambridge
1992-94 Fellow of Churchill College
1994-2005 Warden, Nuffield College, Oxford


■主な編書
◆Atkinson, A.B. [ed.] (1973/1980), Wealth, Income and Inequality, 2nd ed., Oxford University Press, ISBN:0198771436 [amazon]
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Rein, M. [eds.] (1993), Age, Work and Social Security, Macmillan, ISBN:0312085486 [amazon]
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Mogensen, G.V. [eds.] (1993), Welfare and Work Incentives: A North European Perspect, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 0198288603 [amazon]
◆Atkinson, A.B. [ed.] (1999), The Economic Consequences of Rolling Back the Welfare State, MIT Press, ISBN:0262011719 [amazon]
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Bourguignon, F. [eds.] (2000), Handbook of Income Distribution, North-Holland, ISBN: 0444816313 [amazon]

■主な共著
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Harrison, A.J. (1978), The Distribution of Personal Wealth in Britain, Cambridge University Press, ISBN:0521217350 [amazon]
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Stiglitz, J.E. (1980), Lectures on Public Economics, , ISBN:0070841055 [amazon]
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Maynard, A.K.; Trinder, C.G. (1983), Parents and Children: Incomes in Two Generations, Heinemann, ISBN:0435820974 [amazon]
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Bourguignon, F.; Morrisson, C. (1992), Empirical Studies of Earnings Mobility, Harwood Academic Publishers, ISBN:3718652145 [amazon]
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Micklewright, J. (1992), Economic Transformation in Eastern Europe and the Distribution of Income, Cambridge University Press, ISBN:0521433290 [amazon]
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Rainwater, L.; Smeeding, T.M. (1995), Income Distribution in OECD Countries, OECD, ISBN:926414577X [amazon]
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Cantillon, B.; Marlier, E.; Nolan, B. (2002), Social Indicators: The EU and Social Inclusion, Oxford University Press, ISBN:0199252491 [amazon]

■主な単著
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1969), Poverty in Britain and the Reform of Social Security, Cambridge University Press, ISBN:052107522X [amazon]
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1975/1983), The Economics of Inequality, 2nd ed., Oxford University Press, ISBN:0198772092 [amazon] (=佐藤 隆三, 高川 清明訳『不平等の経済学』, 時潮社, 1981年, 1975年版の邦訳.)
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1983), Social Justice and Public Policy, MIT Press, ISBN:0262010674 [amazon]
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1995), Public Economics in Action: The Basic Income/Flat Tax Proposal, Oxford University Press, ISBN:0198283369 [amazon]
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1996), Incomes and the Welfare State, Cambridge University Press, ISBN:0521462509 [amazon] (= 丸谷 冷史訳『アトキンソン教授の福祉国家論 (1)』晃洋書房, 2001年, ISBN: 4771012326 [amazon]
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1998), Poverty in Europe, Basil Blackwell, ISBN:0631209093 [amazon]

■主要論文
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1969), “The Timescale of Economic Models: How Long is the Long Run?,” Review of Economic Studies, 36: 137-152.
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Stiglitz, J.E. (1969), “A New View of Technological Change,” Economic Journal, 79: 573-578.
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1970), “On Embodiment and Savings,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 84: 127-133.
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1970), “On the Measurement of Inequality,” Journal of Economic Theory, 2: 244-263.
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1971), “Capital Taxes, the Redistribution of Wealth and Individual Savings,” Review of Economic Studies, 38: 209-227.
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Stiglitz, J.E. (1972), “The Structure of Indirect Taxation and Economic Efficiency,” Journal of Public Economics, 1: 97-119.
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1973), “How Progressive Should Income Tax Be?,” in M. Parkin [ed.], Essays in Modern Economics, Longman. (Reprinted in E.S. Phelps [ed.] Economic Justice)
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Stern, N.H. (1974), “Pigou, Taxation and Public Goods,” Review of Economic Studies, 41: 119-128.
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Stiglitz, J.E. (1976), “The Design of Tax Structure: Direct Versus Indirect Taxation,” Journal of Public Economics, 6: 55-75.
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Sandomo, A. (1980), “Welfare Implications of the Taxation of Savings,” Economic Journal, 90: 529-549.
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Gomulka, J.; Stern, N.H. (1980), “On the Switch from Direct to Indirect Taxation,” Journal of Public Economics, 14: 195-224.
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Bourguignon, F. (1982), “The Comparison of Multi-Dimensioned Distributions of Economic Status,” Review of Economic Studies, 49: 183-201.
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1982), “Unemployment, Wages and Government Policy,” Economic Journal, 92: 45-50.
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Gomulka, J.; Micklewright, J.; Rau, N. (1984), “Unemployment Benefit, Duration and Incentives in Britain,” Journal of Public Economics, 23: 3-26.
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1987), “Income Maintenance and Social Insurance: A Survey,” in A Auerbach and M.S. Feldstein [eds.], Handbook of Public Economics. Vol.2, North-Holland.
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1987), “On the Measurement of Poverty,” Econometrica, 55: 749-764.
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Bourguignon, F.; Morrisson, C. (1988), “Earnings Mobility,” European Economic Review, 32: 619-632.
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Bourguignon, F. (1990), “The Design of Direct Taxation and Family Benefits,” Journal of Public Economics, 41: 3-29.
◆Atkinson, A.B.; Gomulka, J.; Stern, N.H. (1990), “Spending on Alcohol: Evidence from the Family Expenditure Survey 1970-1983,” Economic Journal, 100: 808-827.
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1990), “Public Economics and the Economic Public,” European Economic Review, 34: 225-248. (Presidential Address to the European Economic Association)
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1991), “Unemployment Compensation and Labor Market Transitions: A Critical Review,” Journal of Economic Literature, 29: 1679-1727.
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1992), “Measuring Poverty and Differences in Family Composition,” Economica, 59: 1-16
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1995), “Is the Welfare State Necessarily an Obstacle to Economic Growth?,” European Economic Review, 39: 723-730.
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1995), “The Welfare State and Economic Performance,” National Tax Journal,, 48
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1995), “Capabilities, Exclusion, and the Supply of Goods,” in K. Basu, P.K. Pattanaik, and K. Suzumura [eds.], Choice, Welfare, and Development: Festschrift in Honour of Amartya K. Sen, Clarendon Press.
◆Atkinson, A.B. (1997), “Bringing Income Distribution in from the Cold,” Economic Journal, 107: 297-321.
◆Atkinson, A.B. (2001), “Promise and Pitfalls in the Use of "Secondary" Data-Sets: Income Inequality in OECD Countries As a Case Study,” Journal of Economic Literature, 39: 771-799.
◆Atkinson, A.B. (2002), “Microsimulation of Social Policy in the European Union: Case Study of a European Minimum Pension,” Economica, 69: 229-243.
◆Atkinson, A.B. (2003), “Multidimensional Deprivation: Contrasting Social Welfare and Counting Approaches,” Journal of Economic Inequality, 1: 51-65.


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