"Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-incurred immaturity. Immaturity is self-incurred if its cause is not lack of understanding, but lack of resolution and courage to use it without the guidance of another. The motto of enlightenment is therefore: Sapere aude! Have courage to use your own understanding!" (Kant [1784=1974:7])
In chapter 6, we saw multiple factors of a different nature, and these factors were opposed to each other and came together to constitute a society. In this chapter, let us examine a variety of strategies, which were described in chapter 6: assertions criticizing the system of personal possessions, which were investigated in chapter 2, and assertions, which modified these assertions. Modern society makes its own references, and its history criticizes its own history. Let us discover which direction those criticisms will follow, and let us make it clear where the problems that arise in this book come from.
In section 1 (in opposition to the theory of hereditary, which mainly took up Chapter 6, Section 4), we will examine a viewpoint in which an individual resource (competency) originated in society. We will also examine the viewpoints in which one's capabilities are socially formed.
In section 2, let us presume the inconceivability and impossibility of making a prediction of individual resources, and let us also examine the assertions on changes and revisions of the formation of personal possessions as a consequence of fear for one's future. As such, let us confirm that criticisms towards the formation or actions of frequency attempt to appear when the presupposition of the several facts concerning origin of resources are changed; and exist in connection with facts within the same scheme. Thus, the consequences change based in accordance with a validity of the presumptions that we make.
In section 3, let us examine the assertion of "liberty" as the opposition against intervention. Certainly, the meaning of liberty is asserted, but at that point, the eligibility for being free was demanded. Due to that fact, we ended up seeing the situation in which the opposing side was connected to the other side.
In section 4, which is different from the aforementioned, let us first examine the assertions of the system of personal position, and the assertions that attempt to deny the fundamental principle of meritocracy. Next, for the viewpoint that raises questions as a way of value and desire, let us examine the theory that holds an affinity with those assertions, and from the developments of those relationships, let us also examine the augments of the formation of the way of value and desire. Then, in comparison with the latter, let us confirm the trends of verification of the way of individual devices. Furthermore, we will see that one of these devices will slip into a certain trace.
In chapter 5, in order for one to escape from that path, or in order to avoid that path, we will see a different source, which was the source that was originally followed.