*Chapter Four* Others

On Private Property (shiteki-shoyu ron)

last update: 20161031

*One* A Subject called Private Property
*Two* Private Property: Authentic and Unauthentic
*Three* How far Criticisms Go?
*Four* Others
*Five* Problem on Drawing the Line
*Six* Politics to Individual
*Seven* Route and Dead End
*Eight* Affirmation of Meritocracy that Negates Meritocracy
*Nine* Meet with Rightful Eugenics

"It seems to me that laboratory reproduction is radically human compared to conception by ordinary heterosexual intercourse. It is willed, chosen, purposed and controlled, and surely these are among the traits that distinguish Homo sapiens from other in the animal genus, from the primates down. Coital reproduction is, therefore, less human than laboratory reproduction-more fun, to be sure, but with our separation of baby making from lovemaking, both become more human because they are matters of choice, and not chance. This is, of course, essentially the case for Planned Parenthood. I cannot see how either humanity or morality are served by genetic roulette." (Fletcher 1971:781)

Chapter 2 examined logical attempts to justify personal ownership. In section 2, the assertions made after Locke, "The thing I have made is mine" has been accepted as faith, only. Section 3 examined "functionalism," and under certain conditions, a definite emergence in relationship to personal ownership can be seen. If one approves of the effect brought by these relationships within that realm, one sees that personal ownership is justified. In section 4, however, when one presupposes mobility of resource (capability), one sees that transfer of personal ownership has been justified, as well. The results remain unchanged even with justice, fairness, or with Utilitarianism. The conclusion of the logic is not accepted (even though a consensus may have been made), and I do not think that a transfer of life should be accepted. Yet, we still remain with the question "Why?"

Chapter 3 examined statements criticisms in criticisms toward reproductive technology. Section 1 discussed decision-making through force. In this case, one sees that even a decision made against one's will is also a part of decision-making. In this example, I explained the reason for setting a forced condition, while asking whether or not a forced condition needed to be established in decision-making. Section 2 examined the disparity between the resources of various individuals from an impartial viewpoint. Regarding the issue of the wealthy who utilize technology, I noted that technology should be made available to all. Regarding the issue of women who, due to their poverty, must become surrogate mothers, even though that is the case, I still wonder why reproductive technology must be seen as a problem. Assertions examined so far are still yet to be considered. The points raised in that particular section were not core indicators of resistance or doubt. Although approval offerings may be made in good faith, there are times when these transactions are not approved. No country accepts the selling and buying of organs. In general, surrogate mother contracts are to be the same illegal type of contract as selling and buying organs, and they are not acceptable. Although offerings may be made in good faith, there are times when transactions are prohibited or doubted. Self-ownership of organs has not been clearly defined. However, "common sense" suggests that we resist these conclusions. But why cannot "Others" be interfered with? Let us reconsider the unresolved issue in chapter 2. Chapter 3, section 3, discussed the commonality of donation and transaction. It is here that one must attempt to understand where and when the resistance to transferring organs began.

1. Existence Called Other
Concept that does not Control
Denial of I is not included in Us
One Who Contains Other
An Existence Called Other

2. Borderline
Problems called Boundary
Boundary Line will be Drawn
B~ Things That do not Belong to That Individual
A~ Things That belong to That Individual

3. Self-Decision
Self-Decision Will be Affirmed
In Self-Decision/ Difficulties Surrounding Self-Decision
Self-Decision does not Acquit Everything
Existence Without Decision/ Situation Without Decision
Denial on Personal Possession for Sake of Making Self-Decision
Make a Condition a Problem

4. On Technology
Others' Senses on What I Fabricate for Myself
Regulation by Others

5. On Reproductive Technology
Place of Resistance
Simple Pleasure and Compensation called Unpleasant
Rights to be Born Accidently

REV: 20161031
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