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「Books on African issues」

斉藤 龍一郎(さいとう りょういちろう) 20070408.
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「Books on African issues」

last update: 20201226


up date 2007/04/08

Chief of Station, Congo: Fighting the Cold War in a Hot Zone
Larry Devlin (著) $26.00 ¥ 3,020 269ページ Public Affairs (2007/3/30)

From Publishers Weekly
In this vivid, authoritative account of being CIA station chief in Congo during the height of the Cold War, Devlin brings to life a harrowing tale of postcolonial political intrigue, covert violence and the day-to-day reality of being a key player in a global chess match between superpowers. Posted to Congo in 1960, Devlin quickly found himself at the swirling center of conflict― the Belgian colonial rulers had pulled out, the local strongmen had begun what would be a decades-long struggle for power and the Soviet Union was sending agents to influence events. Arriving on the scene with his wife and young daughter in tow, Devlin finds "central authority had broken down; there was no one in control who could prevent random acts of barbarity." As the country begins to fall apart and Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba starts flirting with the Soviets, orders come from Washington for "his removal." Within weeks Lumumba is not only out of power but dead. While the rest of the book is full of exciting cloak-and-dagger derring-do and scrapes with death, it is this incident that haunts Devlin. He devotes the last chapter of the book to a point-by-point refutation of his or the agency's involvement in Lumumba's death. That alleged assassination is often used to illustrate the hypocrisy in U.S. foreign policy. Devlin's straightforward, plainly written approach to the task lends credence to his assertion of innocence. (Mar.)

Africa And IMF Conditionality: The Unevenness of Compliance, 1983-2000 (African Studies: History, Politics, Economics and Culture)
Kwame Akonnor (Routledge, Abingdon, Oxford, UK, 2006; 163 pp; hb $90 ¥ 12,940 )

Zimbabwe at the Crossroads
Jacob Wilson Chikuhwa (Author House, Bloomington, Indiana, USA, 2006; 197 pp; pb $9.31 ¥ 2,724, hb $14.06)

Global Justice: The Politics of War Crimes Trials
Kingsley Moghalu (Praeger Publishers, Westport, CT, USA, 2006; 240 pp; hb $49.95, £28.99 ¥ 6,804)

Poisoned Wells: The Dirty Politics of African Oil
Nicholas Shaxson (Palgrave Macmillan, Hampshire, UK, 2007; 272 pp; hb $26.95 ¥ 3,337)

From Publishers Weekly
While all eyes focus on the oil-rich Middle East as the nexus of conflict in a world addicted to crude, the future belongs to Africa, writes British journalist Shaxson in this page-turning, character-driven narrative.
Illuminating African postcolonial (and neocolonial) history through the prism of oil, he reveals the central and dangerous role that Africa's oil states now play, casting the precious fuel as a poison not only for the continent but "to liberty, democracy, and free markets around the globe."
An acute observer of the vast and secretive industry, Shaxson draws on his own reporting in key areas like Nigeria, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and Angola as well as the work of experts like the late Francois-Xavier Verschave. In this stark portrait, the paradox of African oil is that, time and again, enormous wealth for a few translates into increasing poverty and political and economic insecurity for the majority.
Shaxson sketches a system largely outside the purview of international law involving the highest levels of French, U.S. and other Western governments, financial institutions and elites. Although he proposes practical legislative steps, Shaxson makes clear that the grievous mix of politics, mafia-style operations and endless oil profits not only subverts democratic reforms, but in places like the Niger Delta gives rise to exactly the kind of conditions that produced September 11. (Apr.)

Bridging the Digital Divide: Innovations Systems for ICT in Brazil, China, India, Thailand and Southern Africa
eds. Angathevar Baskaran and Mammo Muchie (Adonis and Abbey Publishers Ltd., London, UK, 2006; 256 pp; pb £22.50, $35 ¥ 4,767)

Constructing Justice and Security after War
ed. Charles T. Call (US Institute of Peace Press, Washington, DC, USA, 2006; 428 pp; pb $24.95, hb $50 ¥ 4,155)

Intellectuals and African Development: Pretension and Resistance in African Politics
eds. Bjorn Beckman and Gbemisola Remi Adeoti (Zed Books, London, UK, 2006; hb £65, pb £18.99 ¥ 4,627 )


Economic Integration and Development in Africa
Henry Kyambalesa and Mathurin C. Houngnikpo (Ashgate Publishing, Williston, Vermont, USA, 2006; 222 pp; hb $99.95 ¥ 13,614)

Information and Communication Technologies for Development and Poverty Reduction: the Potential of Communications
Maximo Torero and Joachim von Braun (The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, 2006; 392 pp; hb $60, pb $25.95 ¥ 3,535)

Africa’s Development in the Twenty-first Century: Pertinent Socio-Economic and Development Issues
eds. Kwadwo Konadu-Agyemang and Kwamina Panford (Ashgate Publishing, Williston, Vermont, USA, 2006; 426 pp; hb $124.95 ¥ 17,424)

Beyond the Rhetoric: Essays on Africa’s Development Challenges
Chinua Akukwe (Adonis and Abbey Publishers Ltd., London, UK, 2006; 160 pp; pb £12.99, $19.95 ¥ 2,718)

Globalization and Race: Transformations in the Cultural Production of Blackness
Kamari Maxine Clarke and Deborah A. Thomas (Duke University Press, Durham, North Carolina, USA, 2006; 424 pp; pb $23.95 ¥ 3,262, hb $84.95)

High Stakes and Stakeholders: Oil, Conflict and Security in Nigeria
Kenneth Omeje (Ashgate Publishing, Williston, Vermont, USA, 2006; 218 pp; hb $99.95 ¥ 13,403)

Communicating National Integration: Empowering Development in African Countries
Osabuohien P. Amienyi (Ashgate Publishing, Williston, Vermont, USA, 2005; 248 pp; hb $99.95 ¥ 14,743)

The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Criminology and Criminal Justice
ed. Mark M. Lanier (Ashgate Publishing, Williston, Vermont, USA, 2006; 378 pp; hb $225 ¥ 32,167)

Remaking Law in Africa
eds. Jude Murison, Anne Griffiths and Kenneth King (Palgrave Macmillan, Hampshire, UK, 2007; 256 pp; hb $65 ¥ 8,048)

AIDS and Power: Why There Is No Political Crisis - Yet
Alex de Waal (Zed Books, London, UK, 2006; 112 pp; hb £39.99, pb £12.99 ¥ 2,756 (税込))


The Africa AIDS Epidemic: A History
John Iliffe (Ohio University Press, Athens, Ohio, USA, 2006; 214 pp; hb $55, pb $24.95 ¥ 3,441 (税込))

表紙に、TAC作成の治療リテラシー・ポスターを手に持ち、HIV POSITIVEのロゴの入ったTシャツを着た青年の写真が使われています。

The White Man's Burden: Why the West's Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good
William Easterly (The Penguin Press, New York, USA, 2006; 400 pp; pb $27.95 ¥ 2,978 (税込))

題はキップリングの有名な詩をもじっています。中身はかなりprovocativeな作品です。つまるところ、開発途上国への援助はほとんど途上国の役には立っておらず、むしろ援助とその国の貧困からの脱出は,逆相関の関係にあるという主張がなされています。著者は、自分の世銀での経験も踏まえて、IMFや世銀によるsocial engineeringはutopian dreamという間違った前提に基づいていると強く批判します。著者は、市場メカニズムの作用を高く評価しますが、市場なり制度を外部からのデザインに基づいて人為的に作ろうとする作業については非常に批判的です。著者は、援助なるものは、グランド・デザインに基づいてなされるものではなく、むしろ途上国での細かい日常の問題に対するpiecemealな対応の積み重ねこそが、援助の目的である貧困の除去に効果的に貢献すると主張します。その事例として、西欧の植民地になったことがない国の成功例を取り上げています。しかしこの成功例に含まれる国には、日本の”植民地”だった台湾や韓国が含まれる点についての掘り下げた分析はなされていません。最後の章では、いくつかの現在思考中のアイディアが呈示されますが、著者の言うとおり、それ自体は、当たり前のことです。

Africa in the United Nations System, 1945-2005
Issaka Souare (Adonis and Abbey Publishers, London, UK, 2006; 240 pp; hb £45 ¥ 8,273 (税込))

Attacking Africa's Poverty: Experience from the Ground
eds. Louise M. Fox and Robert B. Liebenthal (World Bank, Washington DC, USA, 2006; 416 pp; pb $45 ¥ 5,641 (税込))

The Current Negotiations in the Wto: Options, Opportunities And Risks for Developing Countries
Bhagirath Lal Das (Zed Books, London, UK, 2006; 168 pp; hb £45, pb £15.95 ¥ 3,103 (税込))

Darfur: A Short History of a Long War
Julie Flint and Alex de Waal (Zed Books, London, UK, 2006; 176 pp; hb £36.95, pb £12.99 ¥ 2,505 (税込))

Origins of Development Economics: How Schools of Economic Thought Addressed Development
ed. Jomo K S (Zed Books, London, UK, 2006; hb £55, pb £16.95 ¥ 3,447 (税込))

Everyday Corruption And the State: Citizens And Public Officials in Africa
Giorgio Blundo and Jean-Pierre Olivier de Sardan (Zed Books, London, UK, 2006; 256 pp; hb £55, pb £16.99 ¥ 3,917 (税込))

Africa Unchained: The Blueprint for Africa's Future
George B.N. Ayittey (St. Martin’s Press, New York, USA, 2005; 483 pp; hb $35 ¥ 2,126 (税込))

A reader's review

In Africa Unchained (January 2005), Ayittey takes a new fresh look at Africa's future and makes a number of daring suggestions.

First, he says economic development requires investment, both foreign and domestic. Investment, however, does not take place in a swamp or vacuum but in an "enabling environment," which must have, among others, the following features: security of persons and property; rule of law; and basic functioning infrastructure.

This environment does not exist in many parts of Africa because of the absence of a few key critical institutions: an independent media, an independent central bank, and an independent judiciary. These institutions are established by civil society or parliament, not by corrupt leaders since they are fundamentally opposed to the establishment of institutions that will check their arbitrary use of power.

Second, looking at how Africa can modernize, build, and improve their indigenous institutions, which have been castigated by African leaders as "backward and primitive," Ayittey argues that Africa should build and expand upon these traditions of free markets and free trade. Asking why the poorest Africans haven't been able to prosper in the 21st century, Ayittey makes the answer obvious: their economic freedom was snatched from them.

War and conflict replaced peace and the infrastructure crumbled. In a book that will be pondered over and argued about as much as his previous volumes, Ayittey looks at the possibilities for indigenous structures to revive a troubled continent.

Reviewed by David S. Fick, Author of Africa: Continent of Economic Opportunities, STE Publishers, Johannesburg SA, May 2005, www.ste.co.za

Researching Conflict in Africa: Insights and Experiences
Elisabeth Porter et al (United Nations University Press, Tokyo Japan, 2005; 160 pp; pb $28, £17.99 ¥ 3,510 (税込))

Product Description
Parts of Africa experience persistent violence and seemingly intractable conflicts. These violent conflicts have drawn researchers seeking to determine and explain why conflicts are prevalent, what makes them intensify, and how conflicts can be resolved. This book examines the ethical and practical issues of researching within violent and divided societies. It provides fascinating and factual case studies from Angola, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Nigeria, Rwanda and South Africa. The authors provide insights about researching conflict in Africa that can only be gained through fieldwork experience.

No Refuge: The Crisis of Refugee Militarization in Africa
ed. Robert Muggah (Zed Books, London, UK, 2006; 288 pp; hb £49.95, pb £14.95 ¥ 3,759 (税込))

Book Description
The militarization of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs), especially in Africa, is causing growing alarm within the humanitarian and development communities. The planned and spontaneous arming of refugees and IDPs threatens access to asylum as well as protection. But while the policy debates rage over how to deal with armed refugees and how to prevent their spill-over into neighbouring countries, surprisingly little research has been done to explain why displaced people arm themselves or how militarization affects the local and host populations. This book traces the experience of refugee and IDP militarization in four African countries emerging from or affected by war: Guinea, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda. It considers the effects of such militarization on regional, national, and human security, and reflects on the responses of hosting governments and humanitarian organizations.

About the Author
Robert Muggah is the Global Security and Cooperation Professional Fellow (SSRC), Refugee Studies Centre, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.

Hitler's African Victims: The German Army Massacres of Black French Soldiers in 1940
Raffael Scheck (Cambridge University Press, UK, 2006; 216 pp; hb £35 ¥8,963(税込))

Hitler's Black Victims: The Historical Experiences of Afro-Germans, European Blacks, Africans, and African Americans in the Nazi Era
Clarence Lusane (著) ¥ 3,441(税込) Routledge (2002/12/13)

Book Description
The Nazi era in Germany and all of its accompanying atrocities is one of the most documented periods in history. However, this documentation is incomplete in one important area: the history and experiences of people of African descent in Nazi Germany. Did Afro-Germans and other blacks suffer under Nazism? The answer to this question, to the degree it has been asked at all, remains vague even for those scholars and researchers familiar with the Nazi era and the Holocaust in particular.
Drawing on interviews with the Black survivors of Nazi concentration camps and archival research in North America, Europe, and Africa, this book documents and analyzes the meaning of Nazism's racial policies towards people of African descent, specifically those born in Germany, France, England, the United States or Africa, and the impact of that legacy on contemporary race relations in Germany, and more generally, in Europe. The book also specifically addresses the concerns of those surviving Afro-Germans who were victims of Nazism, but have not generally been included in or benefited from the compensation agreements that have been developed in recent years.

About the Author
Clarence Lusane is Assistant Professor at the School of International Service, American University. He is also a journalist whose work has appeared in publications like the Chicago Tribune, the Miami Herald, The Progressive, Colorlines, the Washington Post, Race and Class and The Black Scholar.




日々のすぎる中で 2002年
日々のすぎる中で 2001年
日々のすぎる中で 2000年

読書ノ−ト です。

紹介文をボチボチ書いていくつもりです。まずは机の側にころがっていた「THE MISMEASURE of MAN」のことを書きました。

by 斉藤 龍一郎

*作成:斉藤 龍一郎/保存用ページ作成:岩ア 弘泰
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