HOME > Organizations >

Aoi Shiba no Kai

Japanese Page

last update:20121030
What's New

SADATO Kuniko March 31, 2011 Modern History of Disability Movement in Kansai Area: Focusing on Osaka Aoi Shiba no Kai, Seikatsu Shoin, 344p. ISBN-10: 4903690741 ISBN-13: 9784903690742 3000 [amazon]/[kinokuniya]

About Aoi Shiba no Kai

In 1970, Yokota, a executive member of Aoi Shiba, advanced his ideas into a four-point platform for Aoi Shiba movement as follows;
(Nagase 1995)

"Platform for Aoi Shiba Movement" 1970

NAGASE Osamu 1995 Difference, Equality and Disabled People: Disability Rights and Disability Culture, master's thesis, Institute of Social Studies, the Hague, the Netherlands

The threat to life was one major factor for the formation of disability rights movement. The case here is Japan. In Japan Aoi Shiba, the national association of people with Cerebral Palsy (CP) has had a lead role in the modern political movement of disabled people. In 1970, when a mother killed her disabled child and the public was sympathetic to the mother and not to the murdered child, Aoi Shiba protested (OKAMURA, 1988; TATEIWA, 1990a). Even though these cases happened almost annually, so far there had not been reactions from disabled people. But Aoi Shiba challenged the eugenic ideology of the "able-bodied" society and petitioned the court to judge the mother according to the law when it was common for the neighbours and friends to ask the court for leniency. In 1970, Yokota, a executive member of Aoi Shiba, advanced his ideas into a four-point platform for Aoi Shiba movement as follows;

◆We identify ourselves as people with Cerebral Palsy (CP).
We recognize our position as "an existence which should not exist", in the
modern society. We believe that this recognition should be the starting
point of our whole movement, and we act on this belief.

◆We assert ourselves aggressively.
When we identify ourselves as people with CP, we have
a will to protect ourselves. We believe that a strong self-assertion is the
only way to achieve self-protection, and we act on this belief.

◆We deny love and justice.
We condemn egoism held by love and justice. We believe that mutual
understanding, accompanying the human observation which arises from the
denial of love and justice, means the true well-being, and we act on this
belief.

◆We do not choose the way of problem solving.
We have learnt from our personal experiences that easy solutions to problems
lead to dangerous compromises. We believe that an endless confrontation is
the only course of action possible for us, and we act on this belief.

(Ayumi, no. 11. p. 1. 25 October 1970, NAGASE's translation)
The following fifth point was added at a later date.
◆We deny able-bodied civilization.
We recognize that modern civilization has managed to sustain
itself only by excluding us, people with CP. We believe that creation of
our own culture through our movement and daily life leads to the
condemnation of modern civilization, and we act on this belief.
NB. Please note that this translation part was updated in March 2002)

History of Aoi Shiba no Kai

Also refer to the section entitled ‘History of Aoi Shiba no Kai (from establishment to death of Koichi Yokozuka)’

19571103 Aoi Shiba no Kai is established. About 40 people gather in Yaguchi Nursery School, Ota Ward and hold the opening ceremony
Initiators: Atsushi Yamakita, Hideji Kanazawa, Hisako Takayama, Chairman: Yamakita
(Asahi Shimbun, 10.12, morning edition)
(Branches are established one after another in Fukuoka and Sapporo)*

195712  Launch of Aoi Shiba Magazine (Chronological List)

19580405 Private school for preschool children with cerebral palsy is opened with seven children attending
(Hideji Kanazawa "Starting a private school", 1958.6.25 -> Kanazawa (ed.) [1976:114-116], "Making education available: every pupil counts", Asahi Shimbun, 1.12 -> Kanazawa (ed.) [1976:112-113], cf. Kanazawa (ed.) [1976:118-120]
The private school lasts for about five years but eventually disappears with the increase in the number of special education schools (Chronological List)
Bus tours are launched as the first recreational activity for the members; bus tours are conducted one or two times a year from that time on (Chronological List)

19580706 Second regular meeting is held at the house of Takayama with 20 people attending; participants spend recreational time together exchanging hopes, opinions, and experiences; Kanazawa (ed.) ([1976:121] 58.9.10 Aoi Shiba is growing)

195809 Communication between Aoi Shiba no Kai and people with cerebral palsy in America results in a letter and materials being received from the U.S. Handicapped Rehabilitation Committee (Chronological List)

195808? Full members: 132; supporting members: 20 (Kanazawa (ed.) [1976:121])

195901 Charity performance by Rokuwakai is held at the Sankei Hall; proceeds are given to Aoi Shiba (Chronological List)

195904 Launch of training courses and vocational aid for woolen yarn knitting and handiwork from chocolate vine (Chronological List)

195908 First daily life training camp is held; conducted every year from that time on (Chronological List)

195909 Branches are established first in Tokyo and subsequently in other regions across the country; branch system is established (Chronological List)

195910 Aoi Shiba no Kai is mentioned in a TV program by NHK Educational TV entitled "Problems Japan has to solve (issue of the physically disabled)", (Chronological List)

195912 Aoi Shiba no Kai receives donations given through the NHK year-end charity campaign; these donations are received every year from that time on

1960 Resolution is passed to demand livelihood protection

196004 Aoi Shiba no Kai translates and publishes Aid in Education of Children with Cerebral Palsy received from the U.S. (Chronological List)

196009 First marriage ceremony of the members appears in a TV program "TV Wedding" (Chronological List)

?? Tokyo Kurumeen facility is established by Yutaka Tanaka (who had previously been under supervision of Dr. Wada at National Center for People with Physical Disabilities, cf. Futsukaichi [1979])

1961 Chiba and Ibaragi branches are established
People with disabilities from Kurumeen join Aoi Shiba (Isobe, Terada, Akiyama, and Yoshida)
(Yokozuka also often visits Aoi Shiba from 1963 and 64 (Yokozuka [1981:104]))

196103 Aoi Shiba no Kai launches signature-collecting campaign against the increase in postal rates, and submits the signatures collected to the Diet (Chronological List)

196112 Aid group is established through the good offices of the late Haruko Mori

1962 Smoother system of relationships between headquarters and branches is established, and number of members reaches 500 (Social Activity Section newly established)
In addition to consultations regarding rehabilitation and social gatherings that had been offered by Aoi Shiba no Kai for some time, the association also makes arrangements to be always ready for negotiations with the national government and Tokyo metropolitan government

196202 Aoi Shiba no Kai starts actively approaching concerned authorities to enhance welfare for people with cerebral palsy, and creates a list of 12 demands (Chronological List)

19620517 First negotiations with the Ministry of Health and Welfare are held (the term used in the bulletin was "petition"); twelve demands are submitted
One of the demands made was to increase the welfare annuity for mentally and physically disabled (Shiraishi [1984])
Heated debate ensues due to anxieties regarding political activities; as a result, decision is made to engage in politics side by side with social gatherings

196207 Charity performance is held (Chronological List)
Demands of Aoi Shiba no Kai are conveyed to the Liberal Democratic Party and the Socialist Party (Chronological List)

19620729 Aoi Shiba no Kai is given the certificate of ‘type 2 social welfare service’ (Chronological List)

196208 Signature-collecting campaign demanding establishment of state-run vocational-training facilities also offering accommodation for the users is launched (Chronological List)

196212 Charity performance is held (Chronological List)

In summer, appeal is made to a number of organizations to help create a liaison council of organizations of physically disabled (Shinrenkyo)

19630427 First issue of the Shinrenkyo bulletin is published

19631006 Decision is made to join Rehabilitation Association

19631124 Opening ceremony/first plenary session of the society is held (Futsukaichi [1979:120ff])

196301 Headquarters are relocated from Ota-ku to Setagaya (Chronological List)

196305 Charity show is held by Kawasaki branch

196306 40 members submit a petition to the Ministry of Health and Welfare (Chronological List)

19631231 National Headquarters of Aoi Shiba no Kai are established*

1964 Maharaba Village Colony is established (existed up to 69)

196405 Tripartite meeting on the problems of welfare for the disabled is held together with the Ministry of Health and Welfare and the Liberal Democratic Party (Chronological List)

196408 In order to create a unified national organization of people with cerebral palsy, Aoi Shiba no Kai holds discussions with Izumikai in Nagoya and Hikarinokai in Hiroshima (Chronological List)

This year plan to create a center for people with cerebral palsy surfaces for the first time (Chronological List)

1965 Bulletin of Aoi Shiba no Kai starts to be issued on monthly basis

Movement for revision of criteria for determining disability pension allowance is launched

196510 Aoi Shiba no Kai submits petition regarding revision of the Law for the Welfare of People with Physical Disabilities, indicating problems of aid regulations for people with severe disabilities and the criteria for determination of disability grade (Chronological List)

1966 Statement of Principles, 1966: "Ensuring livelihood for people with cerebral palsy" (Aoi Shiba 57 (67-3-20))
Demands: (1) Revision of the Law for the Welfare of People with Physical Disabilities (2) Addressing problems of National Center for People with Physical Disabilities (3) Revision of criteria for determining allowance in disability pension (4) Postal rates revision

196601 Aoi Shiba no Kai is offered land to run a facility for disabled, several members of the staff go to survey the site, but decide that it would be unsuitable for running by the association (Chronological List)

196605 It is decided to conduct certain measures regarding postal rates (Chronological List)

196607 Social Activity Section participates in a sit-in in front of National Center for People with Physical Disabilities

1966 During this year, the number of couples, in which both the husband and the wife are members of Aoi Shiba no Kai, exceed 50, resulting in a number of animated discussions regarding the issues of marriage and sociality of people with cerebral palsy in the bulletin of the association (Chronological List)

196701 Social Activity Section joins the movement against transfer of Yutaka Tanaka of the Center

196704 Aoi Shiba no Kai participates in the Kanto block of the study group on education for people with disabilities at the Tokyo Metropolitan Komei Special Support School (Chronological List)

19670416 10th plenary session is held (Tokyo Metropolitan Komei Special Support School) with 60 people attending
Isobe becomes head of the Social Activity Section for fiscal 1967 (Aoi Shiba 58 (67-5-10))
Demands: 1. Law for the Welfare of People with Physical Disabilities 2. Law for Employment Promotion of Persons with Disabilities 3. Disability pension 4. Physical disability certificates 5. Persons with disabilities 6. Residence 7. Home voting system

196706 Ignited by the ruling made in Asahi lawsuit, Public Relations Section takes up the problem of livelihood protection and wages for the disabled; animated discussions regarding these issues appear in the bulletin of the association (Chronological List)

196709 Aoi Shiba no Kai is invited and participates in a discussion with Minobe, the then Governor of Tokyo (Chronological List)

196711 Meeting celebrating 10th anniversary of Aoishibanokai is held at War Wounded Hall in Ichigaya, Tokyo (Chronological List)

196712 End of struggle over National Center for People with Physical Disabilities (Aoi Shiba 64 (68-1-25):2)

19680428 11th plenary session is held (Tokyo Metropolitan Komei Special Support School) with 40 people attending (Aoi Shiba 67)
Yutaka Yamaguchi becomes head of the Social Activity Section; Division Manager: Isobe
Branches of Aoi Shiba no Kai: Central, Northeast, Jonan, Josai, Saitama, Kanagawa, Chiba, Ibaragi, Shizuoka, and Hokkaido

196804 A woman-member of the association with severe disability on her way alone from Tokyo to Kyushu gets taken down from a train; Aoi Shiba no Kai submits complaint to the authorities of JNR (Chronological List)

19680607 Petition/complaint is submitted to Tokyo metropolitan government regarding housing problems of Akiyama and Terada (Aoi Shiba 68)

196808 Ascent on Mt. Fuji is made through the good offices of personnel of All Nippon Airways, Ltd. (Chronological List)

Aoi Shiba no Kai addresses housing problems of the disabled in earnest; petition is submitted to the Metropolitan Assembly and demands are met (Chronological List)

1969 Secretariat of Aoi Shiba is thrown into confusion (accounting of the director is questioned as being incompetent)
It is called Ishabashi problem

Petition is submitted to Tokyo metropolitan government demanding that people with cerebral palsy are hired (this demand had been already repeatedly made during the previous year) and also demanding that the problem of Fuchu Medical Center For Disabled and the housing problem are addressed by the authorities (Chronological List)

Joint Association of Aoi Shiba no Kai Kanagawa is established (Chairman: Atsushi Yamakita, Vice-Chairman: Yokozuka Koichi, Editor in Chief: Hiroshi Yokota)*

19700426 Yokozuka assumes office as Vice Chairman of the Headquarters at plenary session; serves until 71.7

19700529 Mother of two disabled children in Yokohama strangles the younger child with an apron. Campaign to reduce her sentence is launched and gains certain momentum centering on the local community she lived in*
Joint Association of Aoi Shiba no Kai Kanagawa (led by Yokozuka and Yokota) opposes the campaign to reduce the sentence of the mother who murdered her handicapped child in Kanagawa Prefecture (5.29)

19700700 Aoi Shiba no Kai Kanagawa demands impartial trial of the mother who killed her disabled-child (711008: the court of the first instance sentences her to two years in prison, suspended for three years)*

19700710 Yokohama District Public Prosecutor's Office submits its opinion to Yokohama District Court and other institutions

197102 NHK program "Images of the present" broadcasts movie entitled "A group of people with CP"*
"Images of the present" (NHK) shows how Aoi Shiba no Kai distributes fliers; images shown may have left the viewers with a feeling that the group is too radical but at least resulted in the movement getting wider recognition (from conversation with Azumi)

197106 Indictment

19711008 Yokohama District Court pronounces the sentence: two years in prison, suspended for three years

1971 Aoi Shiba no Kai fails to reach the quota at plenary session; plenary session is held once more; Reformation Committee established

1971 Movie "CP, good-bye!" created*

19720526 Government presents proposal of amendment of the Eugenic Protection Act (attempting to ban abortion for economic reasons); bill remains unfinished for two years and is then rejected*
-> Movement opposing amendment of the Eugenic Protection Act is launched*

1972 Movement to screen movie "CP, good-bye!" Yokozuka and Yokota appeared in is conducted at various places
(Collected discussions held during screenings -> Yokozuka [1975:131-188])

197202 Movement to screen movie "CP, good-bye!" is launched in Kanto (and in Kansai from July of the year)*

197211 Plenary session addressing the issue of reorganization is held with 100 people attending (38 members attend from Kanagawa)
Faction pushing for Aoi Shiba no Kai being a place for social gatherings rather than political platform retreats; Chairman: Yokozuka; Vice Chairmen: Isobe and Yamaguchi; Editor in Chief: Konakai (Ayumi 19:18)
Plenary session selects as one of the targets of the movement to "establish pension system that would enable people with cerebral palsy who cannot work or who cannot get an income even if they do work to make a living in the community"

19730116 Negotiations with the Ministry of Health and Welfare that had been discontinued for some time are resumed

197303 Headquarters, Kanagawa, Ibaragi, and Tochigi branches launch signature-collecting campaigns opposing the Eugenic Protection Act (Ayumi 19:24)

197304 Aoi Shiba no Kai Osaka is established; association starts to spread nationwide

19730429 Inaugural meeting of Aoi Shiba no Kai Osaka held (representative: Eiichi Takahashi)*

197304 Tokyo branch of Aoi Shiba no Kai established -> Aoi Shiba no Kai Tokyo

19730511 Proposal to revise the Eugenic Protection Act is submitted to the National Diet by the Ministry of Health and Welfare

19730512 Protest note is submitted to the Minister of Health and Welfare by representatives of Aoi Shiba (Yokozuka, Isobe, and Terada)

19730514 On the initiative of Aoi Shiba Kanagawa, approximately 50 members of Tokyo, Ibaragi, and Tochigi branches with about 10,000 signatures collected submit petition to the National Diet opposing the bill
Eight representatives of Aoi Shiba no Kai demand explanations from Director of Mental Hygiene Bureau of the Ministry of Health and Welfare and several of his subordinates

19730524 Reply is given by Seiichi Tagawa (the then Chairman of Committee on Social Work at the Liberal Democratic Party and House of Representatives) regarding the inquiry under the joint signatures of Joint Association of Aoi Shiba Kanagawa, Japanese Association of People with Cerebral Palsy, and Aoi Shiba no Kai about the proposed amendment of the Eugenic Protection Act

197309 National Joint Association of Aoi Shiba no Kai is established*

19731013-14 National Meeting of Representatives is held -> First National Convention (Hakone)
National Joint Association of Japanese Association of People with Cerebral Palsy and Aoi Shiba no Kai is established (Shiraishi [1984:42-43])
Kanagawa, Osaka, Tochigi, Fukushima, Kyushu, Ibaragi, Shizuoka, Nagoya and Tokyo branches are represented
National Standing Committee is established with Chairman: Yokozuka, Vice-Chairmen: Koyama, Isobe; Rules and regulations: Ayumi 23

1974 Aoi Shiba no Kai participates in spring labor offensive, successfully adding the item of retraction of revision of the Eugenic Protection Act to the agenda
Aoi Shiba no Kai demands following reform of the system: revision of grades of disability, establishment of pension system enabling recipients to live on it, housing guarantees and increase in freedom of action

197402 Aoi Shiba no Kai protests against Movement for Prevention of Birth of Unhappy Children launched in Hyogo Prefecture*

19740322 Aoi Shiba no Kai launches independent negotiations with the Ministry of Health and Welfare with 100 people participating

19740323 Aoi Shiba no Kai participates in the joint action led by spring labor offensive united front

19740516, 22, and 23 All members are mobilized for National Diet

19740524 Proposed amendment of the Eugenic Protection Act is rejected without discussion
(Some documentary records state: "Bill is adopted at plenary session of the House of Representatives with Clause 4 of Article 14 deleted")

19740824 Decision is made to oppose the plan to make special education schools compulsory at the First National Extended Meeting of Aoi Shiba no Kai Standing Committee*

19740827-29 National Extended Meeting of the Standing Committee is held (Tokyo Kurumeen)
Aoi Shiba no Kai takes a stand against eugenics, demands institutional reform (of the grades of disability), opposes plan to make special education schools compulsory

1975 Movement against investigation of actual conditions is launched
Branches are established in Nara, Kyoto totaling 13 (Ayumi 24:36)

19750306-07 National Standing Committee meeting is held
Committee affirms that among the proposed items of spring labor offensive united front, it will object to the items of nursing allowance and making special education schools compulsory

19750307 Negotiations with the Ministry of Health and Welfare are held; nine items that had been decided on in summer of 74 are demanded again

19750315 Meeting on meaning of life is held by Aoi Shiba (Shimizu City)

19750315-17 Similar meetings are held mainly in Shizuoka and Kanagawa; meetings on the 15th and 16th are organized by "Living" Meeting Committee; meeting on the 17th is organized by Shizuoka branch

19750317 Shizuoka branch (Chairman: Katsushi Terao; number of members: 50) submits list of 9 demands to prefectural governor of Shizuoka
1. Establishment of daily-living training center (managed by Aoi Shiba) 2. Abolishment of checks of amniotic fluid 3. Permission to enter ordinary schools 4. Free medical treatment 5. Preferential provision of prefectural and municipal condominiums 6. Prefectural home care disability allowance for children with severe disabilities being taken care of at home (grades of disability 1, 2 and CP) 7. Free bus and train services 8. Telephone services for 70 percent of people with severe disabilities 9. Establishment of information desk people may contact to ascertain the progress made regarding the demands (Ayumi 24:34-38)

19750617 Negotiations and discussion about amendment of disability grade system are held with the Ministry of Health and Welfare (Disabled Commission) (Ayumi 26:42)

19750724 Aoi Shiba Yamagata is established; Koyama attends inaugural meeting as a representative from Kanagawa (Ayumi 26:43)

19750903 Discussion regarding investigation of actual conditions is held during the meeting of the board and decision is made to submit list of demands to self-governing bodies

19750910 Board meeting sends list of demands to self-governing bodies

19750912 Tokyo metropolitan government announces cancellation of investigation; plans are shelved in Osaka, Kobe, Nara, Shizuoka, Saitama, Nagasaki, Yokohama, and Kawasaki

19751027 National Prevention Committee organizes negotiations with the Ministry of Health and Welfare

19751030 Negotiations with the Ministry of Health and Welfare organized by Standing Committee are held

19751107 Second Negotiations with the Ministry of Health and Welfare organized by Standing Committee are held; refer to Ayumi 27 for details on this and above

19751124 Isobe is expelled from the board at the Second National Convention
Alternative proposal submitted by Aoi Shiba Tokyo is rejected
- Isobe and several others demand for breakaway from "protest type" movement
Aoi Shiba Tokyo launches activities independently from the national headquarters ->*
Action policy is adopted stipulating that organizations of physically unimpaired are to be created and fostered under Aoi Shiba no Kai (Yokozuka [1981:207])
Resolution is passed to launch activities searching for people with latent cerebral palsy
Based on the intention to take people with cerebral palsy living with families or in institutions out into the community and create a society, where people with disabilities can live together with physically unimpaired, members start feeling that they need to fight discrimination against disabled side by side with the unimpaired (Ayumi 38 (77):2)

197608 Zenshoren is established; as a result of appeals made by Joint Association of Aoi Shiba no Kai Kansai, Kansai "Disabled" Liberation Committee, and Yagishita, Yokozuka becomes National Chairman
Inaugural meetings held in Kansai and Fukushima

197612 Kawasaki City Municipal Traffic Bureau and Tokyu Bus Services refuse to take passengers who wish to ride busses on wheelchairs

19770412 Aoi Shiba Kanagawa and others launch protest (Aoi Shiba Tokyo 22 (76-6-1))

19770813 Second Zenshoren Convention is held; Chairman Yokozuka is absent due to illness

19770813-14 During meeting of secretariat held after convention, proposal of a platform for action is suggested by National Joint Association and debate starts

19770815 National Standing Committee holds negotiations with the Ministry of Education regarding the plan to make special education schools compulsory in 79
(Ayumi 38:26)

19770928 "Opinion of Aoishiba regarding independence of people with disabilities" (Yokozuka) -> is submitted to the Minister of Health and Welfare
Points made: independence to be sought for is not economic; need to live in a community; elimination of obstacles in such areas as transport accessibility, residence, etc.; not only the families, the staff at institutions, and the volunteers, but all the physically unimpaired have to become caregivers (Ayumi 41:22-23)

19771107 Directorate of Joint Association Gorilla Kansai, an organization of physically unimpaired supporters of people with disabilities living independent lives, issues 'Urgent appeal: to all brothers and sisters meeting at Joint Association Gorilla Kansai'

19771119-20 Third National Convention is held (Osaka) (Aoi Shiba Tokyo 27(78-1-1):4-5)
18 organizations are represented with over 130 people attending
Chairman: Yokozuka (Kanagawa); Vice-Chairmen: Shiraishi (Akita), Yokota (Kanagawa) Director of Secretariat: Masayo Kamatani (Hyogo), Accountant: Toshiaki Koga (Fukuoka) (Isobe, Wakabayashi, and Tsutomu Yamamoto attend from Tokyo)
Confrontation develops regarding eugenics, and Saitama branch withdraws; members of Saitama branch hold meeting to prepare for reconstruction; Yamagata branch that withdrew from the Tohoku Joint Association heatedly protests against being struck off the national organization -> demands that National Standing Committee holds talks with Tohoku Joint Association; Aoi Shiba Chiba preparatory meeting held  16 people participate from Kanagawa Joint Association
Decision is made to launch protest against Genetic Counseling Center of Japan Family Association (created in 77.10 on the budget of the Ministry of Health and Welfare) and fight for its closure (Ayumi 41 (78):20-21)

197803 National Standing Committee looks into the problem of Gorilla Kansai; decision is made not to accept Gorilla as a supporting organization; Zenkenkyo takes course on expulsion of Gorilla
Zenkenkyo moves towards dissolution (Notes on Care [1979:115-116])

197803 Chairman of Aoi Shiba no Kai Kansai Masayo Kamatani dissolves Kansai Gorilla (Aoi Shiba no Kai Osaka protests)*

19780423 Extraordinary General Meeting of Kansai Joint Association (Chairman: Kamatani) is held; Nara and Osaka branches protesting against dissolution of Gorilla do not attend; Yokozuka (who stays at Kamatani's house on the previous day) does

19780424 Yokozuka meets Kono (Notes on Care edited by Editorial Committee [1979:160-166])

197805 Aoi Shiba no Kai Kansai is dissolved*

19780518-19 National Standing Committee
Yokozuka attends (Notes on Care (ed. Editorial Committee) [1979:167-169])

19780706 Yokozuka publishes "Opinion regarding the group of physically unimpaired" Aoi Shiba 104 (9.1)
-> (Notes on Care (ed. Editorial Committee) [1979:224->227])
  8.30 Checked by National Standing Committee

19780720 Koichi Yokozuka dies (Notes on Care (ed. Editorial Committee) [1979])
Yokota acts as deputy chairman*

19780808 Negotiations are held after farewell service for National Chairman Yokozuka

197808 Third Convention of Zenshoren; Platform for Action proposed by Aoi Shiba is not accepted; thereafter, approximately half of members of Aoi Shiba no Kai practically stop participating in Zenshoren activities

Autumn: Aoi Shiba no Kai Osaka launches "daily life consultation services" (most of people calling want advice on how to find work)*

19781030 Negotiations with the Ministry of Health and Welfare are held (Aoi Shiba Tokyo also participates) (Aoi Shiba Tokyo 36 (78-11-1))
Demands: 1. Establishment of pension system enabling recipients to live on it 2. Free medical treatment 3. Call off of Genetic Counseling Center
Atsuo Itayama assumes office as Section Chief of Social Affairs Bureau

1978 Internal strife over the structure of relationship between Aoi Shiba no Kai Kansai and Group Gorilla - an organization of physically unimpaired - becomes increasingly evident -> Gorilla decides to dissolve Ribbon Co., Ltd. and Zenshakyo; physically unimpaired distance themselves from Aoi Shiba
Debate is held by National Standing Committee -> decision is made to dissolve Zenshakyo and make a fresh start with physically unimpaired envisaging the organization to be created as a "group of physically unimpaired who can become arms and legs of Aoi Shiba" (Yokozuka [1978 ->1981:207-209])
"From about 1977, confrontation arose over the structure of relationship between people with disabilities and the physically unimpaired in Kansai" (Yagi [1986:69]), and Aoi Shiba no Kai Kyoto issues order of dissolution to Group Gorilla.*
However, Aoi Shiba Osaka and Aoi Shiba Nara, since the members of the two are people with severest disabilities, declare that they have no choice but to withdraw from the Kansai Joint Association since they cannot engage in the movement unless they are fighting together with the physically unimpaired (Ayumi 42:32)

197903 National Joint Association of Aoi Shiba no Kai announces withdrawal from Zenshoren*

197903 Aoi Shiba no Kai goes on a sit-down protesting against the plan to make special education schools compulsory

197905 Forth National Convention is held; Isobe criticizes Yokota
Reconstruction Committee is organized to function instead of Standing Committee; Chairman: Shiraishi

198002 Aoi Shiba no Kai Osaka launches struggle to block investigation of actual conditions of the physically disabled*

19800331 Study session on problems of people with cerebral palsy and other generalized disorders is held
- Masato Sumino and Masao Fukunaga attend from National Joint Association of Aoi Shiba no Kai
Fukunaga submits paper entitled "Research project on problems of people with cerebral palsy and other generalized disorders: analysis of present data and points at issue" (Tokyo 50, 51)

19800716 Negotiations with the Ministry of Health and Welfare are held on income security and maternal and child health centers

19800819 Negotiations with the Ministry of Health and Welfare are held on income security

19800825 Questionnaire regarding welfare policy covering all the aspects of lives of people with cerebral palsy is submitted to the then Prime Minister Suzuki to prepare Japan for the International Year of Disabled Persons (refer to Tokyo 54:12 for details on this and above)

19801124 National Liaison Committee on Ensuring Income Security -> Yokota
Aoi Shiba no Kai Osaka: simultaneous investigation on demands for livelihood subsidies launched*

19810131-0201 National Committee meeting is held (National Aoi Shiba Reconstruction Committee; Chairman: Shiraishi)
Income security: Shiroishi voices opinion that Aoi Shiba no Kai should fight for life security too; Isobe is of opinion that life security is not a good objective
Eugenics: Isobe voices opinion that preventive measures by United Nations are not same as genetic counseling
(Tokyo 59:6)

19810225 Official statement made "Our attitude in the International Year of Disabled Persons"
Meeting of National Joint Association of Japanese Association of People with Cerebral Palsy and Aoi Shiba no Kai is held; Chairman: Shiraishi
Income security/fight against preventive measures = eugenics/livelihood/transport accessibility

19811204-06 Fifth National Convention is held (Akashi-shi, Hyogo)
Tadao Komatsu, Yoshihide Kawamura, and Omori attend from Tokyo;
Takanobu Matsumoto (Aoi Shiba no Kai Hiroshima) submits "Joint proposal of bill revision from three prefectures" created by Hyogo, Hiroshima, and Fukuoka branches of Aoi Shiba no Kai
Standing Committee: Chairman: Yokota (Kanagawa), Vice-Chairmen: Yoshio Hasegawa (Hyogo), Yoshito Nakayama (Fukuoka), Director of Secretariat: Takanobu Matsumoto (Hiroshima), Accountant: Isao Sekine (Tochigi) (Tokyo 70:8)
Shiraishi resigns
After a member of Aoi Shiba no Kai Hiroshima meets with an accident involving use of electric wheelchair, members split into those for use of electric wheelchairs and those against it; Aoi Shiba no Kai Hiroshima and other branches are against; Shiraishi is one of those for

198201 Negotiations with the Ministry of Health and Welfare are held

198307 Discussion meeting on the best way to revise the Eugenic Protection Act organized by Central Kanto block is held (Yokota [1983:22] (Welfare Work 21)

19831104-06 Sixth National Convention is held (Fukuoka)
Wakabayashi, Omori, and Terada attend as delegates from Tokyo; on the final day Isobe also attends; the importance of income security is stressed; report on Hachioji Self-support Home made (Tokyo 90)
Office is relocated to Saitama
Nakayama (Kyushu) is elected as Chairman

1984 Aoi Shiba no Kai protests against investigation of actual conditions

19850630 Central Kanto block meeting is held; Tsuchiura Discussion Meeting
"What in the world is science for people with disabilities?"

19871031 "National liaison committee protesting against detrimental amendment of the Maternal and Child Health Law and looking for better system of maternal and child health protection", one of the affiliated bodies of National Joint Association of Aoi Shiba no Kai, submits its demands to the Minister of Health and Welfare
(National liaison committee protesting against detrimental amendment of the Maternal and Child Health Law and looking for better system of maternal and child health protection [1987:49-55])

1989 Aoi Shiba no Kai addresses issue of brain death

1994 "Written inquiry regarding advanced medicine" is submitted to the Medical Education Division, Higher Education Bureau, Ministry of Education
cf. Miyazaki dialysis refusal incident

19990917 Shintaro Ishihara, Governor of Tokyo, after visiting Fuchu Medical Center For Disabled makes remark denying existence of personality for people with severe disabilities*

19990920 National Aoi Shiba no Kai protests against the remark demanding that he takes back what he said and makes an apology*

*Chronological list refers to prospectus of Aoi Shiba no Kai issued (probably) in 69



UP: REV:20080702 1209, 20100511, 20110511, 20120702 1022 1024 1025 1029 1030
Aoi Shiba no Kai (Japanese) / Archive
TOP / HOME(English) / HOME(Japanese)