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ジンバブエ共和国 2012年〜2015年


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◆2012/01/11 The Zimbabwean Nyakurwa’s dream for the deaf
◆2012/01/12 COMPUTERWORLD Zimbabwe's Swav gaining in African handset market
◆2012/01/14 The Standard (Zimbabwe) Rapists torment the disabled, young girls
◆2012/01/16 NEWS DAY Harnessing ICT for smallholder development
◆2012/01/22 The Standard Disabled Persons Act defective
◆2012/01/23 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: ICTs - Opportunity for Women Empowerment
◆2012/01/31 NEWS DAY Teachers lack ICT skills - expert
◆2012/02/01 AFP BB News ジンバブエの国境検問所で大暴れ、旅行者を恐怖に陥れるギャングたち
◆2012/02/09 Women in Technology Tech firm supports ICT hub in Africa
◆2012/02/15 TECHZiM The ICT for Education Summit presentations
◆2012/02/22 Techinsight 【アフリカ発!Breaking News】フェイスブックで女性を中傷した少年、有罪で鞭打ち2回の刑。(ジンバブエ)
◆2012/02/23 Sokwanele (Zimbabwe) The plight of the disabled vendor
◆2012/02/27 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Housing Scheme for the Disabled Noble
◆2012/02/28 Zimeye (Zimbabwe) Man raped a deaf woman
◆2012/03/06 The Zimbabwean  Africa’s ICT Entrepreneurs - On the Brink of the Long Summer of Love
◆2012/03/12 TECHZIM  ICT sector investment opportunities in Zimbabwe and Africa
◆2012/04/11 The Zimbabwean Blind teacher wins fight for job
◆2012/05/01 The Zimbabwean Stone carving centre gives work to deaf children
◆2012/05/27 The Standard Housing stands attract back errant husbands
◆2012/06/03 毎日新聞 ジンバブエ:ダイヤ国庫収入で波紋 目標額の4分の1に
◆2012/06/06 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Copac Shortchanges Disabled Persons
◆2012/06/07 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Her Job Is Not a Bed of Roses
◆2012/06/16 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Afford Equal Opportunities to the Disabled - First Lady
◆2012/06/19 cnn.co.jp 「失敗国家」ランキング、ソマリアが5年連続首位 日本は悪化
◆2012/07/10 外務省 チャンギライ・ジンバブエ共和国首相の来日
◆2012/07/18 ZimEye Disabled HIV infected overlooked in prevention campaigns
◆2012/07/19 BIZCOMMUNITY.COM Shedding light on ICT opportunities in Zimbabwe
◆2012/07/24 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: The Deaf 'Speak' On ZBCTV
◆2012/08/01 The Zimbabwean Housing scheme for disabled
◆2012/08/22 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Minister Appoints Special Youth Advisory Board
◆2012/08/22 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: IT and Visually Impaired
◆2012/09/02 The Standard Spare a thought for disabled sports personalities
◆2012/09/23 時事ドットコム 月曜は市民一斉トイレ流し=下水の詰まり防止へ市長−ジンバブエ
◆2012/10/05 allafrica Zimbabwe: ICTs Vital for Development
◆2012/10/07 The Zimbabwe Standard Zaoga pastor accused of raping disabled woman
◆2012/10/13 ZimEye Zimbabwe Mugabe targets the disabled
◆2012/10/19 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: MP Textbooks Donation to Emerald Hill School for the Deaf
◆2012/10/24 The Zimbabwean Disability rights crucial
◆2012/10/28 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: ICT to Bring Poor Villagers Closer to the World
◆2013/01/05 NewsDay ‘Children with disability need support’
◆2013/01/07 Sowetan The disabled and sexual abuse
◆2013/01/16 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Paralympic Preps At Advanced Stage
◆2013/01/21 NewsDay Disabled model in awareness campaign
◆2013/01/25 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Rights Boost for Zimbabwe's Deaf
◆2013/02/12 ZimEye Zimbabwe Zimbabwe’s Election Challenges & The Rights of The Disabled
◆2013/02/12 毎日新聞 憂楽帳:ジンバブエで野球
◆2013/02/16 Nehanda Radio Disabled people denounce draft Constitution
◆2013/02/20 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Minister Calls for Help for the Disabled
◆2013/02/20 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Doctor Testifies in NMB Manager's Sodomy Case
◆2013/03/02 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Support Athletes Living With Disability - Christopher Katore
◆2013/03/06 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Disabled Bemoan Vagueness in Draft Constitution
◆2013/03/09 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Disabled Students' Plight Under Spotlight
◆2013/03/17 AFP BB News ジンバブエで新憲法案の国民投票、大統領権限の縮小なるか
◆2013/03/18 NewsDay Deaf man (63) strikes wife’s lover with axe
◆2013/03/19 The Zimbabwean Triumphant over disability
◆2013/03/20 asahi.com ジンバブエ大統領、2期10年までに 新憲法承認
◆2013/03/25 駐日欧州連合代表部 ジンバブエの国民投票とEUの制限措置の見直しに関する声明
◆2013/03/26 JBpress アフリカと中国:鉱物資源以上の関係
◆2013/03/31 The Zimbabwe Standard Zim to host Zita champs
◆2013/04/01 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: All Set for National Paralympic Games
◆2013/04/14 The Zimbabwe Standard Beggars turn to vending to survive
◆2013/04/28 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: 'BCC Facilities Not Suitable for the Disabled'
◆2013/05/17 MSN産経ニュース 「独裁者」ムガベ・ジンバブエ大統領も来日へ 来月のアフリカ開発会議
◆2013/05/24 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Disability: A Mother's Agony
◆2013/06/02 nikkei.com アフリカへの食糧支援、電子マネー活用が急増
◆2013/06/13 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Submit Party Lists in Advance - Chinamasa
◆2013/06/21 Zimbabwe Independent Zimbabwe: How Mugabe Was Routed in Maputo
◆2013/06/21 The Herald Southern Africa: Charamba Speaks On Maputo Summit
◆2013/06/22 The Herald Zimbabwe: Take Action On Renamo, SADC Leaders Told
◆2013/06/27 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Disability Expo Set for Next Month
◆2013/07/11 cnn.co.jp 「総選挙の資金ない」、近隣諸国に支援要請 ジンバブエ
◆2013/07/25 毎日新聞 ジンバブエ:大統領選強行へ…周辺国や米は延期要求
◆2013/07/28 nikkei.com 関西ペイント、ジンバブエ塗料最大手を買収 アフリカ南部開拓
◆2013/07/29 MSN産経ニュース 関西ペイントがジンバブエの塗料大手を買収 アフリカ市場狙う
◆2013/07/30 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Miss Deaf Shines in Czech Republic
◆2013/07/30 jp.reuters.com 関西ペイントがジンバブエ塗料大手買収、アフリカ事業拡大狙う
◆2013/07/31 cnn.co.jp ジンバブエ大統領選投票、現職ムガベ氏と首相の一騎打ち
◆2013/07/31 毎日新聞 ジンバブエ:31日に大統領選 欧米などが延期求める中
◆2013/07/31 毎日新聞 ジンバブエ大統領選:反対押し切って、きょう
◆2013/07/31 毎日新聞 ジンバブエ:大統領選 投票に長蛇の列
◆2013/08/01 asahi.com 「独裁」33年、問われる ムガベ氏、接戦模様 ジンバブエ大統領選
◆2013/08/02 cnn.co.jp ジンバブエ大統領選、現職が勝利宣言 対立候補は不正主張
◆2013/08/02 毎日新聞 ジンバブエ大統領選:首相側、不正を訴え 現職と対決姿勢
◆2013/08/03 毎日新聞 ジンバブエ:議会選はムガベ大統領派の与党が大勝
◆2013/08/04 cnn.co.jp ジンバブエ選挙、ムガベ氏が大統領に当選 不正疑惑も
◆2013/08/04 asahi.com ムガベ氏、ジンバブエ大統領に当選 政権の座に33年
◆2013/08/04 毎日新聞 ジンバブエ大統領選:「ムガベ氏当選」選管発表
◆2013/08/05 nikkei.com ジンバブエ選管「ムガベ大統領勝利」 対立候補反発、混乱続く
◆2013/08/06 asahi.com 衰えぬムガベ人気 欧米酷評のなか大統領6選 ジンバブエ、白人農地の再配分に支持
◆2013/08/10 nikkei.com 大統領選の無効求め提訴 ジンバブエ首相の旧野党
◆2013/08/10 毎日新聞 ジンバブエ:支配33年、光と影…ムガベ氏、大統領6選
◆2013/08/21 nikkei.com ジンバブエ憲法裁「大統領選は公正」 ムガベ氏就任へ
◆2013/08/21 毎日新聞 ジンバブエ:ムガベ氏、大統領就任へ 選挙は「有効」
◆2013/08/22 nikkei.com ジンバブエ、ムガベ氏が大統領就任
◆2013/08/23 cnn.co.jp ジンバブエ、ムガベ大統領が就任式
◆2013/08/27 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: U.S. Grants Help Deaf Achieve Independence in Zimbabwe
◆2013/08/30 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Schools of the Disabled Exhibit at Agric Show
◆2013/09/19 asahi.com (@ジンバブエ)「世界最悪の独裁者」と「世界の英雄」
◆2013/09/25 The Kubatana People with disabilities sidelined in global HIV and AIDS fund intervention - once again
◆2013/09/25 AFP BB News 密猟者がゾウ81頭を毒殺、ジンバブエ当局発表
◆2013/09/26 cnn.co.jp ゾウ87頭を毒殺、象牙目的か ジンバブエ
◆2013/10/14 NHK オゾンホールと気温上昇に関係か
◆2013/11/01 ロケットニュース24 【衝撃】ジンバブエで「ゴブリンの襲撃」で4つの学校が閉鎖 / 地元長老は政府に「ヒーラー協会」の派遣を希望
◆2013/12/23 cnn.co.jp 「天然資源、収益使途は不透明」アフリカ22か国世論調査
◆2014/02/04 The Zimbabwe Mail Chamisa blasts website on fabrication about Mangoma disability slur
◆2014/02/04 SW Radio Africa Mwenezi DA convicted for assaulting handicapped farmer
◆2014/02/21 時事ドットコム ムガベ大統領、1億円かけ誕生会=90歳、独裁権力誇示−ジンバブエ
◆2014/02/24 外務省 ジンバブエ共和国における水害被害に対する緊急援助
◆2014/03/05 New Zimbabwe.com Vile man in ‘mercy’ rape of deaf niece, 14
◆2014/04/10 nikkei.com 三菱ふそうやいすゞ、アフリカでトラック市場開拓
◆2014/04/13 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Charlene Relates Her Miss Deaf Ordeal
◆2014/05/02 TABIZINE 【ジンバブエ】命がけの崖っぷち体験!怖すぎる滝「ビクトリアフォールズ」
◆2014/06/04 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Book Reveals Plight of Disabled Children
◆2014/06/16 The Kubatana Leonard Cheshire Disability Zimbabwe Trust: Campaigning for the rights of disabled people in Zimbabwe
◆2014/07/07 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Senators Fight for Rights of the Disabled
◆2014/07/09 New Zimbabwe.com ConCourt allows disabled white farmer eviction
◆2014/07/10 Nehanda Radio ConCourt endorses eviction of disabled farmer
◆2014/07/22 New Zimbabwe.com Prof fights primitive stigma about special needs children
◆2014/08/04 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Give Free Education to the Disabled - Nyagura
◆2014/08/04 アフリカ協会 福田前駐ジンバブエ大使を囲む懇談会
◆2014/08/10 cnn.co.jp ギニア、エボラ熱対策で国境封鎖 ザンビアは入国禁止措置
◆2014/08/29 nikkei.com [FT]中国、ジンバブエへの無条件支援応じず
◆2014/09/07 NewsdzeZimbabwe I NEEDED SEX, DISABLED MAN RAPES GIRL
◆2014/09/27 New Zimbabwe.com We’re also sexually active, say the disabled
◆2014/11/19 NewsDay DEAF showcases sign language film
◆2014/11/22 New Zimbabwe.com Deaf murder suspect languishes in remand prison
◆2014/12/18 毎日新聞 写真展:アフリカの雄大さ感じて サイやキリン、迫力の50点 今治の武田さん撮影−−25日まで /愛媛
◆2015/01/24 Zimbabwe Independent Zimbabwe: Disability Levy On the Cards
◆2015/02/02 毎日新聞 世界の雑記帳:ヘビ肉食べ禁錮9年、ジンバブエの男「背骨の痛み治したかった」
◆2015/02/05 東京新聞 ジンバブエのムガベ大統領が転倒 当局は写真の消去強制
◆2015/02/10 asahi.com 「独裁者」が転倒? 健康不安説も絡みジンバブエで物議
◆2015/02/10 New Zimbabwe.com Supreme Court Oks disabled persons eviction
◆2015/02/11 The Zimbabwean Disabled women fight for rights
◆2015/02/23 Nehanda Radio Mphoko views on disability disturbing
◆2015/03/01 nikkei.com ジンバブエ、大統領の91歳祝う豪華式典 野党は批判
◆2015/03/02 asahi.com 91歳「独裁者」ムガベ氏、超豪華お誕生会 象料理も
◆2015/03/02 yomiuri.co.jp 大統領91歳、100万ドルかけて祝う貧困国
◆2015/03/11 The Zimbabwean Deaf students excel
◆2015/03/18 NewsdzeZimbabwe STUDY : 900 000 ZIMBAS DISABLED
◆2015/05/12 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Disability Does Not Mean Inability
◆2015/05/25 VOA Studio 7 for Zimbabwe Zimbabweans Urged to Respect Disabled People's Rights
◆2015/05/25 The Zimbabwean Access to justice for disabled women
◆2015/06/02 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Musician Pens Song for Handicapped Children
◆2015/06/13 nikkei.com ジンバブエ、3.5京ドルを1米ドルで回収 自国通貨廃止
◆2015/06/14 cnn.co.jp ジンバブエが通貨廃止 「3・5京ドル」を1米ドルに両替
◆2015/06/15 asahi.com ジンバブエ通貨廃止 1ドル=3京5千兆ジンバブエドル
◆2015/07/02 New Zimbabwe.com Mangoma says Zanu PF worsened his disability
◆2015/07/07 The Zimbabwean Disabled woman defies all odds
◆2015/07/07 The Zimbabwean Medical personnel harass disabled people
◆2015/07/12 AllAfrica.com Zimbabwe: Disabled Vendors Cry Foul, Plead for a Special Registration
◆2015/07/29 cnn.co.jp 人気のライオン銃殺、米ハンターの行方追う ジンバブエ
◆2015/07/31 毎日新聞 ジンバブエ:ライオン殺害、米国人に国際的な非難殺到
◆2015/08/02 cnn.co.jp ライオン「セシル」の兄弟も殺害か、情報が錯綜
◆2015/08/03 nikkei.com [FT]ジンバブエの人気ライオン射殺 猛獣狩りに焦点
◆2015/08/03 cnn.co.jp 殺されたライオン「セシル」の兄弟、英研究者が無事を確認
◆2015/08/03 毎日新聞 ジンバブエ:別の米医師もライオン殺しか
◆2015/08/04 cnn.co.jp 別の米国人医師も不法な狩猟の疑い ジンバブエ
◆2015/08/05 cnn.co.jp ジンバブエで密猟疑いの米医師、潔白を主張
◆2015/08/26 cnn.co.jp サファリのガイド、ライオンに襲われ死亡 ジンバブエ
◆2015/08/29 New Zimbabwe.com HIV-positive man jailed for 12 years for attempting to rape disabled woman in her home
◆2015/09/06 MATOBO Siblings handcuffed, bashed, left disabled
◆2015/09/08 cnn.co.jp ライオン「セシル」殺した米歯科医、仕事復帰を表明
◆2015/09/17 cnn.co.jp 91歳のジンバブエ大統領、手違いで以前の演説繰り返す
◆2015/10/08 cnn.co.jp ジンバブエの国立公園でゾウ14頭が毒殺 象牙目的か
◆2015/10/13 cnn.co.jp ジンバブエ、人気ライオン殺害の医師を訴追せず
◆2015/10/16 AFP BB News ジンバブエでゾウ毒殺相次ぐ、2か月で40頭犠牲
◆2015/10/17 AFP BB News 50歳超の「国宝級」巨大ゾウ、ドイツ人観光客が射殺 ジンバブエ
◆2015/10/23 AFP BB News 中国の孔子平和賞にジンバブエ大統領、創設者が理由語る
◆2015/10/29 nikkei.com [FT]「孔子平和賞」が語る中国独自の物語 ジンバブエ大統領が受賞
◆2015/10/29 nikkei.com 中国「孔子平和賞」にジンバブエ大統領 受賞は辞退
◆2015/11/09 NHK 中国 象牙密輸ルートを追う
◆2015/11/22 AFP BB News 動画:ジンバブエで不細工コンテスト開催、準優勝者が審査に異議
◆2015/11/25 nikkei.com 中国・習主席が仏・アフリカ訪問 29日から
◆2015/12/01 asahi.com 習近平氏、ジンバブエ訪問 アフリカ重視の立場アピール
◆2015/12/09 Human Rights Watch アフリカ:児童婚の廃絶に向けて対策の強化を
◆2015/12/24 cnn.co.jp ジンバブエ、人民元を「通貨」に 中国は48億円の債権放棄

○あふりかくじら 『あふりかくじらの自由時間』
○ひらげ ひらげ日記(2008年9月ハラレ滞在記を連載)


Zimbabwe's Swav gaining in African handset market


Despite the increasing number of imported and highly subsidized Chinese-made mobile handsets, Zimbabwe's only phone manufacturing company, Swav, is gaining ground in the African market.

Launched in 2010, the company is now exporting to East Africa's largest telecom markets, Kenya and Nigeria in West Africa, as well as Angola in Southern Africa, with plans under way to expand into several other African countries.

Although the markets in Kenya and Angola are recording limited success, the company is selling about 100,000 handsets in Nigeria every month. Nigeria is Africa's largest telecom market by investment and subscriptions.

The Swav line of products includes Smartphones sold under the Swav brand on the Android platform. The Android phones have touch screens, GPS, Wi-Fi, camera and 3G services.

As Swav steps up production, competition in the supply and sale of the handsets is expected to be stiff as the Zambian mobile manufacturing company M-Tel is also targeting the Eastern Western and Southern African markets, including Zimbabwe.

However, both companies are threatened with the influx of Chinese hndsets, sold cheaply in many countries in Africa. Efforts by the Zambia government to block the entry of the phones into the Zambian market have so far proved unsuccessful, threatening M-Tel with closure.

"The only way to put the Chinese phones out of the market in the region is for the two companies to manufacture high quality but affordable phones. Otherwise they will be forced to close," said Edith Mwale, telecom analyst from Africa Center for ICT Development.

Swav CEO Munyaradzo Gwatidzo has said the company is working at addressing price issues. The company's target, Gwatidzo said, is to make products that are relevant to Africa and try to come up with apps that are customized for the region.

The company intends to use Nigeria as a launch pad for other West African markets including Ghana and Ivory Coast while plans are also under way to set up offices in South African and Angola in order decentralize its distribution network.

Unlike the Zambian government, which increased customs duty on foreign manufactured phones to 15 percent from 5 percent in a bid to encourage local production of phones, the Zimbabwean government has refused to do so.

Meanwhile, M-tel Chairman Mohammed Seedat has said plans to export phones to the Southern African region have been put on hold because many African countries have not been spared from the influx of heavily subsidized mobile phones.


Harnessing ICT for smallholder development


The story of overworked but poor rural smallholder farmers has been retold several times across Africa and Zimbabwe to be particular.

Smallholder farmers daily put in so much effort in their farming activities, but remain significantly poor. It has always disturbingly turned out other players in the value chain of products produced by these farmers get richer and richer.

Multiple studies have been carried out to examine this scenario, its causes and possible solutions. One of the prominent causes of poverty among smallholder producers has been the information gap.

Rural farmers, by the nature of their geographical location (remote and inaccessible), low literacy levels and dispersion are often left out in terms of information.

Without relevant information it is difficult to make profitable business decisions hence farmers do not know where to sell, prevailing prices or who is buying.

At the end of the day they sell to whoever comes to their door step offering low prices.

These middlemen take the produce away to sell at wealth-creating prices. If farmers had the information on prices and markets such daylight robberies could be avoided.

In light of the above there has been an effort to harness mobile phone technology to assist rural farmers.

At a workshop organised by the Market Linkages Association, a company called Esoko presented their Ghanaian case study.

The company developed mobile phone-linked software for farmers offering the following functions: price alerts, weather forecasts, matchmaking, inputs ― sources and prices, bids and offers ― market place, stock alerts and news alerts ― eg armyworms affecting certain areas.

Esoko is currently working with 10 000 farmers across Ghana and observations are farmers’ livelihoods and incomes have greatly improved as a result of the system.

While farmers sometimes have access to a cellphone, this service greatly expands information availability and also connects farmers to trained professionals tasked with sharing knowledge and information with them.

The prospect of successfully developing and using mobile technology in Zimbabwe are high considering the increasing rate of mobile penetration in Zimbabwe.

About 66% of the Zimbabwean populace use cellphones which is now the second highest in Africa after South Africa.

According to the African Institute of Agrarian Studies, 72% of agricultural land in Zimbabwe is held by smallholder farmers.

It therefore makes sense to conclude harnessing positive social impacts have also been recorded for example where the wife would now know at what price the husband was going to sell the family produce, hence how much income to expect for the family.

Other African countries have also successfully started mobilising the use of mobile phones to aid rural development.

In Kenya such technology has been extended to include mobile banking. Equity Bank is bringing mobile banks to some of the most isolated parts of rural Kenya that have no access to commercial financial institutions.

The mobile banks offer banking goods and services to many small businesses and smallholder farmers, providing their customers with the same financial services as in regular branches, including deposits and savings, money transfers and remittance processing and loans.

In Uganda, the Grameen Foundation started the Community Knowledge Worker (CKW) Initiative which is building a self-sustaining, scalable network of rural information providers who use cellphones to help close critical information gaps facing poor, smallholder farmers.

The CKW strengthens the information link to poor farmers by disseminating and collecting relevant information in these underserved communities.

Working closely with and complementing existing government agriculture programmes, CKWs are trusted local intermediaries serving farmers who frequently lack basic access to up-to-date information on best farming practices, market conditions, pest and disease control, weather forecasts and a range of other issues.

The CKW model is designed to improve farmers’ lives by enabling them to get the information they need to improve yields and have broader access to lucrative markets.

Upon request from a farmer, a CKW will use his or her cellphone to access actionable information to meet farmer needs.

In addition, CKWs collect agricultural information from farmers, providing a vital link between farmers, government programmes, non-governmental organisations and other entities focused on improving agriculture in Uganda and beyond.

This technology would bring immense benefits to small-holder farmers. More of the output from this sector can be mainstreamed into mainline national trade.

Cases of rotting vegetables at the back of Dotito village and bananas in Risutu will be reduced.

Farmers will know the prevailing prices and hence negotiate from the vantage point of knowledge thereby increasing incomes.

Credit should be given to work being done by companies like Econet and Telecel.

Their systems can be harnessed for this cause. Such products like EcoCash can facilitate rural payments for smallholder products delivered to markets.

The mobile information system cuts market inefficiencies like turnaround time and number of people involved in the value chain.


Zimbabwe: ICTs - Opportunity for Women Empowerment



When the Zimbabwe Women Resource Centre and Network issued out a call for women to register for basic computer skills training in November last year, the response was overwhelming, highlighting the hunger for technology among women in Zimbabwe.

The ZWRCN's "Women to Women" ICTs training is part of the organisation's effort towards enhancing learning and raising women's knowledge levels - empowering them to make informed decisions.

The call for applications opened a floodgate of phone calls, walk-in inquiries, written applications and emails.

To us, this was a manifestation that women are awakening to the fact that the fast-paced world we live in today has no place for technophobes.

A further probe into what is giving women the pressure to acquire technological skills revealed that computer skills are now a prerequisite if one is to secure formal employment, whilst university students are now required to submit typed assignments.

Many opportunities also lie within the Internet such as information on scholarships, business opportunities, online studies and distance learning options.

Technological changes the world over have become intertwined with how societies run their social, economic and political lives.

The buzzwords now are "e-governance", "e-learning", "e-banking" and "social networks", among others.

Gone are the days when the television remote controls and newspapers were part of men's personalised assets.

Gone also are the days when the telephone used to be answered only by the father of the house.

The proliferation of the mobile technology and social media has to some extent transcended gender boundaries.

Whilst one still has to type in their sex as part of the sign up formalities on most Internet platforms, the facilities themselves are neither blue nor pink, male or female. Once you are signed up, the functions do not discriminate against gender.

However, as Technology Zimbabwe's Clinton Mutambo writes in one of his articles entitled, "Are women afraid of venturing into ICTs?", the ICT sector in Zimbabwe, Africa and the world is still dominated by men and this has been the case since the telephone and transistors were invented.

A few women have recently begun breaking into the mould by challenging this convention.

Hats off to Tana Meecham, who is the Zimbabwe Online chief operations officer, and Njeri Rionge, who is the co-founder of Wanachi Group - one of the biggest Internet service providers in Kenya.

If there are women still struggling with technophobe today, they should emulate Rudo Mudavanhu, the Africom chief commercial officer who also scooped the 2010 ICT Achievers Businesswoman of the Year Award.

By the way, the chief executive of renowned PC maker Hewlett-Packard, Meg Whitman, is a woman, and the chief operations officer of the popular Facebook Sheryl Sandberg is also a woman.

It is also worth mentioning that Google policy manager for Africa Ory Okolloh is also a woman.

There are therefore unlimited opportunities for women to take up software development or to become successful ICT entrepreneurs or to create a global ICT network run by women.

Mutambo also argues that in a continent where women form a majority of the population and half of the workforce, it is an anomaly that the percentage of women working in technology is less than 15 percent.

"Technology is one of the key factors driving Africa's projected economic rise.

"As such, there is enormous potential for maximising the growth of technology through increasing the number and quality of women in technology," reads part of Mutambo's article.

While support mechanisms need to be put in place for women to access ICTs in Zimbabwe, women themselves can take the initiative and demand a bigger stake in the sector, beginning with organising themselves and acquiring the necessary skills.

ZWRCN is an information-based organisation committed to gender equality and equity. It is currently providing free basic computer skills training to women across all age groups.


Teachers lack ICT skills - expert


An information communication technology (ICT) expert has urged the government and the private sector to partner towards equipping schoolteachers with relevant ICT skills.

Addressing delegates at the just-ended African ICT for Education Summit in Victoria Falls, E-Learning Solutions CEO Itai Masimirembwa said most teachers did not have the requisite skills.

“There is continuous evolution of ICT trends,” he said.

“The problem that we have is that most of our educators in Zimbabwe lack ICT skills.

“We will not be able to address ICT problems in the country if our educators themselves lack those skills,” he added.

Speaking at the same occasion, Swaziland’s ICT minister Winnie Magagula said Africa must invest in education in order to attract more investors.

“If we invest in ICT education, it is not only investors who will be attracted to us, but even students from across the globe can be attracted to learn at our institutions,” Magagula said.

She said political will could influence the manner in which ICT development in education would be implemented.

Magagula said the ICT programmes in education needed political support.

The remarks came against the backdrop of reports that many rural-based Zimbabwean teachers were computer-illiterate.



2012年02月01日 18:08 発信地:ハラレ/ジンバブエ

【2月1日 AFP】ジンバブエとザンビアにまたがる国立公園内にある国境検問所には、旅行者のバッグをひったくったりトラックの荷を略奪したりする不届き者の集団が日夜出没し、旅行者を恐怖に陥れている。




The ICT for Education Summit presentations

With almost 3 weeks after the ended ‘Southern African ICT for Education Summit 2012′ that took place in Victoria Falls, we take time to review a few of the ‘hot concerns’ raised. However for your perusal, all presentations held are available for download from the African Brains site The event saw 12 ministers along with delegates, educators and interested people from around Africa, (though mostly were from Southern Africa) come and discuss issues pertaining to ICTs for education. Indeed ICT has changed our way of doing things and no doubt education is part of this, hence the need for such a gathering and what a great timing - the beginning of the year.

The first day saw the current Permanent Secretary, Dr. Kundishora explain the role of ICT’s in the education sector with respect to the WSIS (Geneva 2003) and how Zimbabwe perfectly fits in this plan. He addressed the progress the ministry has done to date. I will not bore you with the details however what stands out from the achievements is the establishment of a 40-seater lab model for schools which was implemented last year at Chogugudza Primary School in Mashonaland East. Dr. Kundishora further stated how this will act as the standard and will be rolled out to more schools in the next two years.

Coming a bit late, but this is still a step in the right direction. Take note that the year the 1st phase of the WSIS was implemented, 2003, Zimbabwe was already under economic crisis, moreover towards the end of the year, Zimbabwe walked out of the Commonwealth Inflation was already on the rise and to invest in ICT education when the basic man was struggling to earn a decent meal was slightly far-fetched.

We applaud the idea and eagerly wait for such developments nationwide. In his speech Kundishora also highlighted awareness of the current electricity shortages, and explained that the ministry is looking to alternative solar energy to power ICTs in rural areas.

The South African representative elaborated how there is a need to skill the young people in terms of ICT; this is also supported by the Cape IT Initiative (CITI) program introduced in 2010 which offers ICT training to graduates. Mr Masimirembwa, CEO of E-Learning Solutions, explained that ICT’s are seen as another subject to learn as compared to using the technologies to learn other subjects. This no doubt limits the full potential of ICT in educational settings. This therefore puts (good) pressure on the teacher who should be well versed with certain tools and applications to a greater extent.

All in all, judging from the presentations a lot was discussed and we hope that this wasn’t just about touring the awesomeness that is the Victoria Falls but a moment to reflect on were Southern Africa’s ICT Education is at the moment and were we intend to go and more importantly how we get there - taking into account the different social, political and economic situations of the countries represented.


【アフリカ発!Breaking News】フェイスブックで女性を中傷した少年、有罪で鞭打ち2回の刑。(ジンバブエ)







(TechinsightJapan編集部 FLYNN)


Africa’s ICT Entrepreneurs - On the Brink of the Long Summer of Love


For over a decade, Africa’s ICT entrepreneurs have struggled to make sense of how to innovate and make money on a continent that was largely connected to the outside world by satellite and extremely expensive fibre. Now with cheaper wholesale bandwidth and falling retail prices, the season is going from an unforgiving winter to perhaps a long Summer of Love. Russell Southwood looks at the changes afoot that are helping Africa’s ICT entrepreneurs stand a better chance of success.

When we started Balancing Act 12 years ago, Africa’s ICT entrepreneurs were talking about a whole range of services and applications but none of the basics - like bandwidth, a critical mass of users, transaction technologies and finance - were in place. Over the last 12 months, many different things have begun to fall into place under each of these headings. Launches like Eskimi and Spinlet have turned the usual entrepreneurial road map for Africa round a different way.

But what has been as impressive has been the growth of soft networks and hard, physical infrastructure like incubators and the way that these things have created links between Africa’s innovators and the rest of the world.

VC4Africa started in 2007 when Ben White went to a meeting of the African Venture Capital Association in Dakar. It became clear at this meeting that its members were all focused on the “big deals” and that there was a gap in small-scale, start-up finance. As co-founder Ben White of VC4Africa told us:”Micro-finance is very limiting. It’s just too small. So there’s a missing middle between it and the big deals.”

Rather than set out to raise that capital, White sought to create a platform that would create a community that would allow entrepreneurs to describe what they were doing (or wanted to do) and offered investors a place to come and see what was happening:”The investor can connect with a start-up in Accra but also the Ghanaian community in a city like Amsterdam might also help.”

What started as a hobby on the Ning platform went professional as Bill Zimmerman (of ActivSpaces in Cameroon) and white came together to launch the platform. It now has 4,400 members and is still growing:”We put the focus on getting quality. New members are screened and vetted through a registration form that acts as a background check.”

Members can post a description of their project and 2,000 of them have done so from 25 different countries. So where did most of them come from?”The top ‘usual suspects’ are Kenya, Nigeria, Ghana and Cameroon. The latter is because of Bill Zimmerman’s work with ActivSpaces there. There have been some nice surprises like an entrepreneur in Togo and some individuals from Ethiopia.”

What’s bad news for Europe has been good news for the continent:”The European investment community is looking at Africa because of the problems in Europe. But there’s also lots of members from the BRICs and south-south relations.”

The impact of these kind of soft networks are hard to track but White and Zimmerman give several examples:

- The entrepreneur in Togo teamed up with one in Nigeria after they found they had a shared passion for education and are now developing an Android app together.

Members in the community lend their expertise through mentoring. Often there are daily exchanges through e-mail.

- The site has connected several businesses including etsy-online and Market Fleas with international investors from the USA, France and Holland.

- An American software company Next2.us was able to find a Kenyan partner through the site and able to pilot and launch services, starting in August 2011.

VC4Africa had a three year budget to be able to build a community, demonstrate how it can work and the ways in which it creates value. Going forward, its business model will be based on a Fremium model where members pay for additional services:”We’ll also be asking members that for any match made via VC4Africa that they make a 3% voluntary contribution.”

The next big development has been the creation of physical spaces for ICT entrepreneurs. BongoHive’s Hubs in Africa identifies 17 of these spaces that are a mix of technology hubs, business incubators, university tech labs and hacker spaces.

Indeed, Zambia’s BongoHive is one of the latest of these spaces on a road pioneered by Nairobi’s iHub. This started last year in Lusaka after a visit to iHub and a meeting of 25 people who wanted Android capacity building. The space is in the Ministry of Education and it has set up training programmes for its members in things like Java.

In September 2011, it got US$17,000 funding from a philanthropist called Brenda Davies for computers, testing devices and training. So the initial work was to build apps for her and VVOB, an NGO that the co-founder Lukonga Lindunda works for. As Lindunda says:”The aim was to give the developers an app to work through and to understand how to meet a deadline for specific projects.” That same month they also worked with Ushahidi on using their software to monitor elections. In December last year, Ushahidi and a Canadian developer ran an Android Boot Camp for members. The aim this year is to run a competition that will get some of the developers some recognition.

To put the cream on the cake, three African developers were shortlisted for the Mobile Premier Awards organized by Apps Circus at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona last week: Ghanaian App Developer Robert Lamptey of Saya, Ugandan app developer Christine Ampaire of Mafuta Go!, and South African app developer Anne Shongwe of Moraba (see here for more).

The winner of the Ringmasters Award (given by the organisers) was Christine Ampaire of Mafuta Go!, which is an app that helps drivers find the nearest and cheapest petrol station.

App developer Christine Ampaire explains, “Our application was a product of a 48 hour hackathon called Garage 48. We are a group of students who are passionate about our country and the city we live in, and we wanted to address the daily struggle of rising petrol prices in our city.” Garage 48 is an Estonian organization that organizes workshops that allow developers to put a product together in 48 hours.

The Second Open Innovation Africa Summit supported by Nokia and infoDev is taking place in Nairobi from 29-31 May 2012.



I recently attended the NEPAD Business Foundation Implementing ICT Projects in Africa Workshop and the Zimbabwe Investment and Trade Conference. It was interesting to note that the message on ICT had a common theme.

High speed broadband has become the lifeblood of the knowledge economy and is fast becoming a human right, as well as a significant contributor to economic growth. The World Bank estimates that a 10% increase in broadband penetration could raise GDP by 1-2%.

Africa’s ICT sector will continue to grow rapidly over the coming decades, with the largest lion’s share of investment coming from private enterprise. Africa was long deprived of access to high-speed undersea data-transmission cables. Now there is ample international bandwidth within relatively easy reach of every country in Africa.

Some of the achievements so far:
1. Extremely accelerated rate of mobile penetration
2. Emergence mobile money services across Africa
3. Roaming without charges - Africa is the first in the world to introduce this.

According to the Zimbabwe Investment Authority, there are a number of investment opportunities in the Zimbabwe ICT sector. Some of the opportunities I noted include:

E-Business/ Provision of Media Services/ Supply of digitalisation equipment/ Software development/ Business process outsourcing/ Rural communication (internet villages)/ Data storage area networks/ Hardware assembling/ Call centres/ integrated solution planning/ Film industry & graphics/ Multimedia development

ICT opportunities are not exclusive to Zimbabwe, but are available in Africa as a whole. Today we witness the education crisis within Africa which many believe ICT can help. Because of this crisis many vendors of technology are focusing on the education segment of their respective market.

Africa must wake up and take full advantage of the opportunities available. We must not stand aside and look while we wait for outsiders to come and solve our problems.

image source: http://www.euromonitor.com

The writer of this post, Arnold Matimba, has 19 years experience in project & contract management gained in the UK and 3 years skills development in Southern Africa. Primary areas of expertise are project and contract organisation. His organisation, Avalanche Consulting, helps Sub-Sahara African business leaders make sustainable improvements to the performance of their organisations.


ジンバブエ:ダイヤ国庫収入で波紋 目標額の4分の1に

毎日新聞 2012年06月03日 20時30分(最終更新 06月03日 21時48分)




Shedding light on ICT opportunities in Zimbabwe


Executives and decision makers from Africa's burgeoning ICT industry will join high profile speakers to discuss several issues at the next IT News Africa Innovation Dinner, scheduled for to take place 31 July at the Michelangelo Hotel in Sandton, Gauteng, South Africa.

Delegates can look forward to a live interview and Q & A session with Zimbabwe's MDC minister of Information, Communication and Technology, Nelson Chamisa, about the growth of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the country, investment opportunities, government plans for ICT infrastructure and regulation.

According to the United Nations Development Programme World Investment Report 2012, the country's FDI inflows last year more than doubled to US$387 million.

Long Term Evolution

The underlying theme of the event, another in IT News Africa's Innovation Dinner series, is Long Term Evolution (LTE) and its impact on global next-generation telecommunications.

LTE is the fastest growing next generation mobile technology and the industry is deeply committed to commercially launching this technology within the next year or two, with a few pilot projects have already been launched.

Telecom companies the world over are looking to move LTE towards mass adoption, industry statistics internationally show that LTE subscribers are expected to reach 380 million in more than 80 plus networks by 2015 worldwide. Africa has been slow to take up the technology due to a variety of reasons that have been put forward by operators in the region.

"Our Innovation Dinner is the ideal opportunity for delegates and operators to network and discuss these issues. This is the platform to identify opportunities and gain advice on the best strategies going forward. Minister Chamisa, will also give insight into how overseas investors view 'risky' regions, like Zimbabwe, and where operators need to be positioned to take advantage," explains Abby Wakama, executive publisher, IT News Africa.

The NGN LTE Innovation Dinner will address the essential steps toward the broad adoption and commercialisation of LTE technology, covering subjects including spectrum, device profiles, network deployment, applications, and business models.

The unprecedented global alignment behind LTE underscores the incredible potential this emerging technology has across the wireless value chain, from silicon suppliers and network vendors through to device makers, developers, operators and end users.

Other speakers scheduled for the event include: Graham Vorster, country manager: Networking at Hewlett-Packard in South Africa and William A Hearmon, chairman of the African Broadband Forum.







Zimbabwe: ICTs Vital for Development



Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai yesterday said Government has adopted Information Communication Technologies as an integral component to stimulate economic development. PM Tsvangirai said this while officially opening the inaugural e-Tech Africa Exhibition at the Harare International Conference Centre. The five-day event began on Monday and will end today.

"As Government, we have made ICTs the central hub for the Mid Term Plan, the Millennium Development Goals and other programmes to transform the lives of our people," he said. "ICT's are a critical tool to eradicate poverty and enhance growth. Government has realised that we cannot grow all the sectors of the economy at once and has identified ICTs to spearhead the development in other sectors of the economy."

PM Tsvangirai also took a swipe at the State Procurement Board for not promoting the local ICT industry by not awarding tenders to local experts.

Speaking at the same event Deputy Prime Minister Professor Arthur Mutambara also called for the development of the local ICT industry to wean the country from dependence on importance.

"We should not just be sales persons, let us design software, let us design gadgets, let us be participants in the design of the knowledge and equipment and not just be consumers," he said.

He commended companies that exhibited for showcasing various products showing great innovation.

Information Communication Technology Minister Nelson Chamisa said Government was working on having an information based society by 2015.

"We are not where we want to be in terms of speeds and costs but those are things that are always under construction and we are working with the regulators to see how we can address those.

"We want our society to be knowledge-based by 2015 and for everyone to be on the ICT platform.

"We want a paper less economy by 2015," Minister Chamisa said.

The e-Tech Exhibition was held under the theme, ICTs for Socio-Economic Transformation and was attended by leading ICT's companies in Zimbabwe and others from South Africa and Mauritius.


Zimbabwe: ICT to Bring Poor Villagers Closer to the World


Chipinge ― A local communication company has started a programme to source internet equipment and computers in their endeavour to bring information communication technology to disadvantaged schools in rural areas.

The International Communication Technology Association of Zimbabwe (ICTAZ) is working in conjunction with the UK-based organisation Computer Aid International.

The association is already identifying beneficiaries and provide expertise and back-up service.

Computer Aid International, Anglophone Africa programmes officer Wilhelmina Seng said the programme was set to improve access to ICT in rural areas.

"IT (information technology) opens the world to marginalised students in the rural areas," said Seng. "It will enable them to open their eyes so that they can see what they should see in the 21st century."

Permanent secretary in the Science and Technology Development ministry, Professor Francis Gudyanga, said Africa was lagging behind in terms of ICT development.

He said it was high time Africa started manufacturing own computers to improve the lives of its people.

ICTAZ president Hasha Maringe said their mission was to promote the growth and betterment of the ICT community through facilitating education, training business clustering, partnering and mentoring.

However, Maringe said, funding was a major challenge in the country.

"The economic situation in the country does not allow us to adequately fund our programmes. We need computer laboratories as well as laptops, but this equipment is expensive in the country," he said.

Community takes initiative to save trees



毎日新聞 2013年02月12日 大阪夕刊







2013年03月17日 13:17 発信地:ハラレ/ジンバブエ

【3月17日 AFP】アフリカ南部のジンバブエで16日、新しい憲法案の是非を問う国民投票が行われた。憲法案が承認されれば、ロバート・ムガベ(Robert Mugabe)大統領(89)の権限が縮小され、政治的暴力に苦しめられてきたこの国に、総選挙実施への道が開かれることになる。




 ムガベ大統領は自らも16日に1票を投じ、国民に対し平和的に投票を行うよう求めた。しかしその大統領自身は、ジンバブエに混乱を招いたとして、多くの国民からの非難を受けている。(c)AFP/Susan NJANJI-MATETAKUFA


asahi.com 2013年3月20日21時15分

ジンバブエ大統領、2期10年までに 新憲法承認




「独裁者」ムガベ・ジンバブエ大統領も来日へ 来月のアフリカ開発会議


2013.5.17 10:07









Zimbabwe: How Mugabe Was Routed in Maputo

Zimbabwe Independent


MORE details about the dramatic events at the extraordinary Sadc summit on Zimbabwe in Maputo, Mozambique, last Saturday where President Robert Mugabe was outmanoeuvred and humiliated by his coalition government partners and regional leaders have emerged.

Sources who attended the summit said Mugabe was routed after Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai and MDC leader Welshman Ncube, who joined forces, honed a strategically shrewd approach than his despite that he had lobbied Sadc chairman, Mozambican President Armando Guebuza and Namibian President Hifikepunye Pohamba for support before the meeting.

Mugabe arrived in Maputo on Friday evening and met Guebuza at his villa where he presented his case. On Saturday morning he had a long meeting with Pohamba, resulting in the summit scheduled to start at 10am only beginning around midday.

Namibian Foreign minister Netumbo Nandi-Ndatwah called ICT minister Nelson Chamisa accidentally thinking he was her counterpart Simbarashe Mumbengegwi before the meeting.

Guebuza opened the meeting and gave the floor to South African President Jacob Zuma, Sadc appointed facilitator on Zimbabwe.

Zuma began by reminding regional leaders the summit had been called to assess developments in Zimbabwe in the context of the Global Political Agreement (GPA) and agreements reached between the three coalition government parties, effectively repudiating Mugabe's earlier claims it was convened to discuss elections funding.

He spoke about the need for credible elections in an environment "free of intimidation and violence" to ensure the outcome is undisputed.

Zuma then informed regional leaders that the Constitutional Court (Concourt) of Zimbabwe had on May 31 ruled general elections be held by July 31.

He told them Mugabe on June 13 had issued a proclamation fixing July 31 as the date for elections and June 28 nomination of candidates. Mugabe, Zuma said, had invoked the Presidential Powers (Temporary Measures) Act to bypass parliament to comply with the Concourt ruling.

Zuma also told Sadc leaders he had received a letter from five political parties, including the MDC formations, which listed a number of provisions of the new constitution that need to be brought into operation to ensure elections are free and fair.

The parties expressed concern at the practicality of the July 31 deadline. He then challenged regional leaders to take a position that would bring the parties together in order to minimise tensions, while carving a realistic elections roadmap.

Zuma also dealt with previous Sadc resolutions and made recommendations eventually incorporated into the communique.

Mugabe then took to the floor after Zuma and gave a historical narrative on Zimbabwe before coming into current issues, trying to justify hostile political statements by security service chiefs and also claiming he was a victim of hate speech by the media. Mugabe said Zimbabwe was ready for elections given the prevailing peace and stability.

He also said some people in the inclusive government were against polls as they were not elected in the first place. After Mugabe, Tsvangirai took to the podium and thanked the regional leaders for standing firm on Zimbabwe.

He complained about unilateral decisions made by Mugabe in the last four years, in particular the elections date proclamation and amendments to the Electoral Act which he said were unconstitutional.

He urged Sadc leaders to recall their pervious resolutions and insist on their implementation. After dealing with the political environment issues, Ncube was then given the stage to make a presentation dealing with legal issues. He systematically tore apart Mugabe's case through structured legal arguments, showing how the president had acted unconstitutionally and illegally using powers of decree.

As emotions ran high, Botswana President Ian Khama proposed a lunch break. Mugabe was reportedly looking visibly ruffled. After the break Khama was given the floor and said he had listened to all the presentations and would make some remarks. He said he had sought the opinion of his Attorney-General on the Concourt ruling but would not delve into legal matters.

He then tore into Mugabe's presentation, mainly on security forces, wondering why 33 years after the liberation struggle people were still talking about the "bush war" instead of focusing on problems affecting the people such as service delivery, unemployment, disease and poverty.

Khama moved a motion to adopt Zuma's report as was. Guebuza then hit the table to indicate the adoption of the motion and Mugabe jokingly said: "that's violent Mr chairman!"

To everyone's surprise, Zambian Vice- President Guy Scott said Zuma's report was very good. Scott has previously said South Africans are "backward" and equated Zuma to South Africa's apartheid leader FW De Klerk. He also questioned Zuma's handling of Zimbabwe's political issues, saying he must leave them to Zambia.

Scott then suggested Zambia was concerned about the fate of the UNWTO general assembly given what is happening in Zimbabwe, indicating it could be moved to Botswana or South Africa.

Pohamba spoke after Scott, asking how Sadc was going to proceed given that Tsvangirai had indicated he would challenge Mugabe's proclamation and amendments in court.

In reply, Tsvangirai said he had not made a court application, which actually failed by accident after the premier left with some signed copies, but merely indicated he wanted to do so.

Guebuza then asked if Mugabe had anything to say and he noted that he had no problem approaching the Concourt to seek an extension as suggested by Zuma, Tsvangirai and Ncube.

Guebuza hit the table again indicating Zuma's report was unanimously adopted, amid another face-saving joke by Mugabe who said "That's very violent Mr chairman!" Sadc executive secretary Tomaz Salomao took over to guide the process of drafting the communique.

Zimbabwe: How Mugabe Was Routed in Maputo


Southern Africa: Charamba Speaks On Maputo Summit

The Herald


SADC is just a political grouping of Southern African countries that does not have jurisdiction over the courts of law of its member states, Presidential spokesperson, Mr George Charamba, has said.

He made the remarks on Star-FM radio last night during a live phone-in programme - "Election 2013: Zimbabwe Decides".

Mr Charamba's comments follow claims by some sections of the media and political parties that Sadc's extraordinary summit recommendation for the Government to engage the Constitutional Court could supersede the same court's earlier order.

"Sadc is a political grouping," said Mr Charamba who is also the permanent secretary in the Ministry of Media, Information and Publicity.

"Sadc is a grouping of political formations and entities. It is not a court of law, therefore it cannot claim to have any jurisdiction over courts of law in any one of its member states."

The regional bloc last week urged the Government to approach the Constitutional Court seeking an extension to the July 31 deadline, which the apex court ordered for the holding of the harmonised elections.

President Mugabe has already complied with the ruling by proclaiming July 31 as the poll date pending an appeal filed by Justice and Legal Affairs Minister Patrick Chinamasa in compliance with the Sadc Summit recommendation.

Mr Charamba said in compliance with the Sadc recommendation to engage the Constitutional Court, Justice and Legal Affairs Minister Patrick Chinamasa was the only one who could file the application.

He dismissed claims by MDC formations that they were supposed to input in the application.

"The persona, the actor, is the Government of Zimbabwe. It is not Zanu-PF. It is not MDC-T. It is not MDC-N. Naturally, the actor for the Government of Zimbabwe in respect of that particular question is the Minister of Justice, which is why Minister Chinamasa is the one who bore the burden of noting an appeal in respect of the wish of the Summit to have the date of elections extended to two weeks from designated date of July 31, 2013 by the Constitutional Court.

"It was not about political wishes of parties. It was about interpreting that portion of the resolution correctly and recognising where the burden fell. In this case it fell on the Government of Zimbabwe and the agent for that Government was the Minister of Justice who in this case is Minister Chinamasa, so he did the correct thing," said Mr Charamba.

He said the concerns raised by Minister Chinamasa about South African President Jacob Zuma's report was because it only attached positions of the MDC formations brought about in the build up to the Maputo Summit.

President Zuma is the facilitator to the Zimbabwe political dialogue.

A case in point, Mr Charamba said, was the fact that President Zuma did not include a presentation by Minister Chinamasa and Foreign Affairs Minister Simbarashe Mumbengegwi to the Non-Aligned Movement.

The two ministers were justifying why President Mugabe invoked the Presidential Powers (Temporary Measures) Act [Chapter10:20] to amend the Electoral Act as agreed by Cabinet and proclaiming the date for the sitting of the nomination court and the election date.

Mr Charamba said Zimbabwe had invoked Presidential Powers on several occasions due to circumstances that did not allow the parliamentary processes of law making.

He said invoking Presidential Powers was legal in Zimbabwe adding that Finance Minister Tendai Biti recently recommended that President Mugabe invoke Presidential Powers to fast track the passage of a Bill that was meant to facilitate mobilisation of election funding.

Mr Charamba said the Maputo Summit was meant to deliberate on the funding for the elections.

He said the subject ended up not being debated at the summit, adding that Zimbabwe was supposed to raise its own money to fund the elections.

He said the country had the capacity to raise funds for the polls that the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission say requires about US$120 million.

Mr Charamba said the new Constitution captured most of the reforms that the MDC formations were clamouring for.

He said a number of media reforms had been done since inception of the inclusive Government in 2009.

Mr Charamba said it was important for Zimbabweans to heed calls by the political leadership for them to peacefully co-exist and avoid politically-motivated violence.

He made a passionate plea for Zimbabweans to avoid politically-motivated violence.

"It is important for people to know that elections are not about bloodshed or violence or war.

Elections are about people electing MPs so that we can have a Government that is founded from Parliament.

"Our leaders regardless of which party they belong to, be it President Mugabe on behalf of Zanu-PF, Prime Minister Tsvangirai representing MDC-T, Professor Welshman Ncube of MDC-N, Deputy Prime Minister Arthur Mutambara and Deputy Prime Minister Thokozani Khupe, are all preaching the same message of peace," said Mr Charamba.

Southern Africa: Charamba Speaks On Maputo Summit


Zimbabwe: Take Action On Renamo, SADC Leaders Told

The Herald

22 JUNE 2013

DEFENCE Minister Emmerson Mnangagwa has urged Sadc leaders to take action against Renamo, warning the former Mozambican rebel group could destabilise the region.

Minister Mnangagwa spoke as gunmen killed two people in ambushes on vehicles in Mozambique yesterday, two days after the opposition Renamo threatened to sabotage transport routes in the mineral-rich southern African country.

Just before the attacks, police arrested Renamo information Chief Jeronimo Malagueta, who on Wednesday had announced that the ex-guerrilla group would halt traffic on main roads and the Sena railway linking the northwest coal-fields to the sea.

Persistent tension between Renamo and the ruling Forelimo party, who fought each other in a 1975-92 civil war, has alarmed citizens and investors just as the former Portuguese colony enjoys a boom driven by bumper coal and gas discoveries.

Minister Mnangagwa told state radio yesterday that Sadc should move to thwart the group which he claimed was being sponsored by the West to destabilise Mozambique and the rest of the region.

He added that consultations between Zimbabwe and the Mozambican government continued over the issue.

Zimbabwe has been helping train the Mozambican army with some 100 officers graduating recently from a military academy in Gweru.

The country deployed thousands of combat troops and heavy artillery to protect key trade routes and help shore up the Mozambican army during the armed conflict with Renamo in the 1980s.

"We urge all Mozambicans to stay vigilant to premeditated and spontaneous attacks and threats to public safety," Interior ministry spokesman Pedro Cossa told a news conference in Maputo.

Cossa said a truck driver and his passenger were killed and five others wounded in Friday's attacks. He denied reports that a bridge was damaged in the central province of Sofala, a Renamo stronghold.

Malagueta was detained in the early hours of Friday, the government and Renamo said. A Renamo spokesman urged its backers to mass outside the prison in Maputo where he was being held.

Eleven soldiers and policemen and five civilians have been killed since April in attacks blamed on Renamo, which was founded around the time of Mozambique's independence from Portugal in 1975 with the help of white-ruled Rhodesia and apartheid South Africa to counter the Marxist Frelimo.

Renamo did not claim responsibility for Friday's ambushes but said they were in line with a strategy to pressure Frelimo into relaxing its 20-year stranglehold on politics and the economy.

The line from the city of Tete to the Indian Ocean port of Beira is used predominantly by Brazil's Vale and London-listed Rio Tinto, who are investing billions of dollars in the Tete coalfields.

The track runs close to Renamo's civil war headquarters in the remote Gorongosa Mountains and was frequently attacked during the conflict, in which one million people died.

Even though Renamo is in no position to initiate a widespread guerrilla campaign, it is estimated to have 1 000 men under arms and analysts say it could cause enough trouble to upset the foreign mining investment boom.

Foremost among Renamo's complaints is that Frelimo has stacked the election commission in its favor to ensure another landslide victory for President Armando Guebuza's party in a vote due in the second half of 2014.

The two sides have held two months of talks but made no headway.

For many of Mozambique's 23 million people, the most serious Frelimo-Renamo friction in more than a decade has rekindled dark memories of the war, which left the country in ruins.

"This is totally unacceptable. We appeal for everything to stop immediately," said Bishop Dinis Sengulane, a mediator in talks that paved the way for a 1992 peace agreement.

"Dialogue must continue but in a more serious way. Arms were never considered a substitute for dialogue. These arms are trying to suffocate our peace process," he told Reuters.

On the streets of the capital Maputo, 700 km (400 miles) south of the trouble spots, the mood was grim.

"It is very sad because this is definitely a path towards war," said Arlino Gimo, a street vendor. "We feel this is just the beginning. We lived in war for 16 years. We do not want another one. Renamo and Frelimo need to have dialogue."

Zimbabwe: Take Action On Renamo, SADC Leaders Told


「総選挙の資金ない」、近隣諸国に支援要請 ジンバブエ

2013.07.11 Thu posted at 17:20 JST

ジンバブエ・ハラレ(CNN) 経済疲弊が長年続くアフリカ南部ジンバブエのテンダイ・ビティ財務相は10日、今月31日に予定する議会総選挙の実施に必要な経費の調達が出来ないとして近隣諸国に金融支援を要請した。









毎日新聞 2013年07月25日 19時28分(最終更新 07月25日 19時53分)








関西ペイント、ジンバブエ塗料最大手を買収 アフリカ南部開拓

2013/7/28 23:39







関西ペイントがジンバブエの塗料大手を買収 アフリカ市場狙う


2013.7.29 12:34







2013年 07月 30日 03:08 JST

[ヨハネスブルク 29日 ロイター] - 関西ペイント(4613.T: 株価, ニュース, レポート)は、ジンバブエの塗料・化学品製造大手アストラ・インダストリーズを買収した。






2013.07.31 Wed posted at 17:05 JST

(CNN) アフリカ南部ジンバブエは31日、大統領選の投票日を迎えた。1980年の独立以来実権を握り続けてきた89歳のムガベ大統領に、野党勢力を率いるツァンギライ首相が挑む。






ジンバブエ:31日に大統領選 欧米などが延期求める中

毎日新聞 2013年07月31日 12時17分(最終更新 07月31日 12時19分)








毎日新聞 2013年07月31日 東京夕刊






ジンバブエ:大統領選 投票に長蛇の列

毎日新聞 2013年07月31日 23時59分(最終更新 08月01日 00時59分)






asahi.com 2013年8月1日

「独裁」33年、問われる ムガベ氏、接戦模様 ジンバブエ大統領選










 ■海外の国民、母国へ続々 「祖国安定のため一票」






ジンバブエ大統領選、現職が勝利宣言 対立候補は不正主張

2013.08.02 Fri posted at 12:00 JST

(CNN) 31日に投票が行われたジンバブエの大統領選で、現職のムガベ大統領の陣営が1日、勝利を宣言した。一方、対立候補は選挙に不正があったと主張している。






ジンバブエ大統領選:首相側、不正を訴え 現職と対決姿勢

毎日新聞 2013年08月02日 13時49分(最終更新 08月02日 13時52分)









毎日新聞 2013年08月03日 12時12分(最終更新 08月03日 13時16分)








ジンバブエ選挙、ムガベ氏が大統領に当選 不正疑惑も

2013.08.04 Sun posted at 12:43 JST

ハラレ(CNN) アフリカ南部ジンバブエの選挙管理委員会は3日、7月31日の大統領選で現職のムガベ大統領(89)が当選したと発表した。ムガベ氏は1980年の同国独立からさらに次期5年を加え、38年にわたって権力を握り続けることになる。








asahi.com 2013年08月04日17時41分

ムガベ氏、ジンバブエ大統領に当選 政権の座に33年









毎日新聞 2013年08月04日 20時06分(最終更新 08月04日 23時49分)










ジンバブエ選管「ムガベ大統領勝利」 対立候補反発、混乱続く

2013/8/5 9:57










asahi.com 2013年8月6日

衰えぬムガベ人気 欧米酷評のなか大統領6選 ジンバブエ、白人農地の再配分に支持
















 <ジンバブエ> 人口約1300万人。国土の4分の1が標高1千メートル以上の内陸国。タバコや綿花の栽培が盛んで、ニッケルなど鉱物資源も豊富。1923年に英国の植民地となり、65年に少数派の白人が「ローデシア」として一方的に独立を宣言、政権を樹立した。その後、黒人組織が独立闘争を展開したが、英国の仲介で80年にジンバブエとして独立した。



大統領選の無効求め提訴 ジンバブエ首相の旧野党

2013/8/10 10:22









毎日新聞 2013年08月10日 08時00分
















ジンバブエ憲法裁「大統領選は公正」 ムガベ氏就任へ

2013/8/21 10:25





ジンバブエ:ムガベ氏、大統領就任へ 選挙は「有効」

毎日新聞 2013年08月21日 09時50分(最終更新 08月21日 10時49分)







2013/8/22 22:33






2013.08.23 Fri posted at 15:00 JST

ハラレ(CNN) ジンバブエのロバート・ムガベ大統領が22日、正式に就任した。裁判官の立ち会いのもと、ムガベ氏が就任宣誓すると、群衆は喝采し、国旗の色の風船を空に放った。






asahi.com 2013年09月19日


■特派員リポート 杉山正(ナイロビ支局長)











 今回、ムガベ氏派、反ムガベ氏派の双方の人たちへの取材は自由だった。よくメディアで言われる政府職員からの監視もない。国にそんな余裕もないと思う。人々に無理に言わされている印象はなかった。カナダから帰国した建築業ムニャラジさん(32)は「会社に資材を買い付けに行って、マネジャーまでが黒人であるという安心感って分かるかい? 南アフリカもいずれジンバブエのように白人から土地を取り戻すと思うか?」と真剣に言っていた。





 杉山正(すぎやま・ただし) ナイロビ支局長。2000年入社。学生時代にイギリスで国際政治を学ぶ。秋田、横浜両総局、東京社会部、フランス留学を経て11年9月から現職。37歳。




2013年09月25日 08:50 発信地:ハラレ/ジンバブエ

【9月25日 AFP】ジンバブエ野生動物保護当局は24日、同国最大の自然動物保護区「ワンゲ国立公園(Hwange National Park)」内で、ゾウ81頭を含む野生動物が密猟者によってシアン化物で毒殺されたと発表した。

政府の専門家らからなる調査団は21日、シアン化物中毒の報告を調査するためにワンゲ国立公園を訪れていた。ジンバブエ自然保護区管理局の責任者、ジェリー・ゴトラ(Jerry Gotora)氏は「われわれが22日に同公園を発った際には、シアン化物で毒殺されたゾウの総数は81頭になっていた」と語る。「他の動物も何頭か毒殺されたが、その総数はまだ把握していない」






ゾウ87頭を毒殺、象牙目的か ジンバブエ

2013.09.26 Thu posted at 10:39 JST

ハラレ(CNN) ジンバブエで80頭を超えるゾウが密猟者によって毒殺されていたことが明らかになった。












10月14日 4時0分









【衝撃】ジンバブエで「ゴブリンの襲撃」で4つの学校が閉鎖 / 地元長老は政府に「ヒーラー協会」の派遣を希望




空想上の生物が学校を襲う? にわかには信じがたいことなのだが、ジンバブエでは珍しくないことなのだとか。マジかよ! そんなことって本当にあるのか!?











参照元:Zimbabwe: Four Matobo Schools Hit By Goblin Menace







2014/8/29 14:00













By Lucy Hornby and Tony Hawkins

(2014年8月29日付 英フィナンシャル・タイムズ紙)



毎日新聞 2015年02月02日 09時17分

 [ヨハネスブルク 30日 ロイター] - 30日付のジンバブエの新聞によると、男が保護種のニシキヘビの肉を食べたとして禁錮9年の判決を受けた。男は裁判で「背骨の痛みを和らげるためだった」と動機を説明。「ヘビを食べた後、劇的に回復していた」と話した。



ジンバブエのムガベ大統領が転倒 当局は写真の消去強制


2015年2月5日 06時59分





「独裁者」が転倒? 健康不安説も絡みジンバブエで物議


 「独裁者」は転んだのか? アフリカ南部ジンバブエで1980年の独立時から30年以上実権を握るムガベ大統領(90)が今月、体勢を崩す一幕があった。AP通信などは「転倒」と伝えたが、政府は否定。「健康不安説」を打ち消すのに躍起になっている。




ジンバブエ、大統領の91歳祝う豪華式典 野党は批判

2015/3/1 19:43






91歳「独裁者」ムガベ氏、超豪華お誕生会 象料理も







The Yomiuri Shimbun

2015年03月02日 08時14分





ジンバブエ、3.5京ドルを1米ドルで回収 自国通貨廃止

2015/6/13 18:51





ジンバブエが通貨廃止 「3・5京ドル」を1米ドルに両替

2015.06.14 Sun posted at 15:17 JST

ロンドン(CNNMoney) アフリカ南部ジンバブエの中央銀行は14日までに、自国通貨のドルを米ドルに両替し、ジンバブエ・ドルを廃止する作業を開始するとの声明を発表した。両替のレートは、1米ドル(約123円)が3京5000兆ジンバブエ・ドルとなる。








ジンバブエ通貨廃止 1ドル=3京5千兆ジンバブエドル






人気のライオン銃殺、米ハンターの行方追う ジンバブエ

2015.07.29 Wed posted at 10:12 JST

(CNN) アフリカ・ジンバブエの国立公園で観光客らに親しまれていた野生のライオンが殺されているのが見つかり、野生生物保護当局は28日、この事件に関連して米国人ハンターの行方を追っていることを明らかにした。










毎日新聞 2015年07月31日 10時31分(最終更新 07月31日 12時02分)






2015.08.02 Sun posted at 10:43 JST

(CNN) アフリカ・ジンバブエの国立公園で人気者だったライオン「セシル」に続いて、兄弟の「ジェリコ」も殺された可能性が指摘され、情報が錯綜(さくそう)している。







[FT]ジンバブエの人気ライオン射殺 猛獣狩りに焦点

2015/8/3 6:30


















By John Aglionby in London and Katrina Manson in Nairobi

(2015年7月31日付 英フィナンシャル・タイムズ紙)

(翻訳協力 JBpress)



2015.08.03 Mon posted at 09:21 JST

(CNN) アフリカ・ジンバブエの国立公園で射殺されたライオン「セシル」に続いて兄弟の「ジェリコ」も殺されたとの報道に対し、英オックスフォード大学の研究者は2日、ジェリコの無事を確認したと発表した。







毎日新聞 2015年08月03日 10時29分(最終更新 08月03日 10時52分)




別の米国人医師も不法な狩猟の疑い ジンバブエ

2015.08.04 Tue posted at 11:28 JST

(CNN) ライオン「セシル」を射殺した米国人歯科医の身柄引き渡しを求めているジンバブエ当局が、これとは別に不法な狩猟が発覚したとして、米ペンシルベニア州の医師を名指しした。






2015.08.05 Wed posted at 12:39 JST

(CNN) ジンバブエで不法な狩猟を行ったとして同国当局に名指しされた米ペンシルベニア州の医師が4日、担当弁護士を通し、指摘された時期には現地にいなかったと主張した。





サファリのガイド、ライオンに襲われ死亡 ジンバブエ

2015.08.26 Wed posted at 17:16 JST

(CNN) ジンバブエのワンゲ国立公園でこのほど、徒歩のツアーを率いていたガイド役の男性がライオンに襲われ、死亡する出来事があった。







2015.09.08 Tue posted at 13:22 JST













2015.09.17 Thu posted at 17:17 JST

ジンバブエ・ハラレ(CNN) アフリカ南部ジンバブエの大統領府は17日までに、ムガベ大統領(91)が議会開幕の演説原稿を間違え、今年8月25日に既に読み上げていた一般教書演説を再び繰り返す混乱があったと述べた。






ジンバブエの国立公園でゾウ14頭が毒殺 象牙目的か

2015.10.08 Thu posted at 12:39 JST

ナイロビ(CNN) ジンバブエ当局は8日までに、同国西部の2つの国立公園で計14頭のゾウが青酸化合物で中毒死していたことを明らかにした。











2015.10.13 Tue posted at 12:29 JST

(CNN) シンバブエ当局は12日、同国のワンゲ国立公園で人気を集めていたライオン「セシル」を7月に殺した狩猟愛好家の米国人歯科医、ウォルター・パーマー氏について、訴追しない方針を明らかにした。








50歳超の「国宝級」巨大ゾウ、ドイツ人観光客が射殺 ジンバブエ

2015年10月17日 09:50 発信地:ハラレ/ジンバブエ

【10月17日 AFP】ジンバブエ最大級の巨体を誇る50歳を超えた雄ゾウ1頭がドイツ人観光客に射殺されたと、地元の野生動物保護団体が16日、明らかにした。ジンバブエでは観光客に人気の雄ライオン「セシル(Cecil)」が狩猟愛好家に殺され問題となったばかりで、トロフィーハンティングと呼ばれる愛好家の狩猟をめぐる議論が再燃している。

 ジンバブエ・サファリ運営者協会(Safari Operators Association of Zimbabwe、SOAZ)によると、ゾウはゴナレゾウ国立公園(Gonarezhou National Park)のすぐ外で射殺された。報道によれば、ゾウが殺された場所は南アフリカとの国境付近の私有地で、ドイツ人観光客は狩猟を行うため6万ドル(約720万円)を支払っていたとされ、観光業者や保護活動家らから非難の声が上がっている。


 また、自然保護団体「ジンバブエ・コンサベーション・タスク・フォース(Zimbabwe Conservation Task Force、ZCTF)」の会長は、殺されたゾウは牙の重さだけで54キロあったと述べている。

 ジンバブエ国立公園・野生動物保護庁(Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority)の広報官は、今回の狩猟について把握していないと述べている。正式な許可が下りていれば、狩猟は違法ではない。(c)AFP

50歳超の「国宝級」巨大ゾウ、ドイツ人観光客が射殺 ジンバブエ



2015年10月23日 19:24 発信地:北京/中国

【10月23日 AFP】中国版「ノーベル平和賞(Nobel Peace Prize)」を目指している「孔子平和賞(Confucius Peace Prize)」の今年の受賞者に、ジンバブエのロバート・ムガベ(Robert Mugabe)大統領が選ばれた。ムガベ大統領は人権侵害などで繰り返し非難されている人物だが、孔子平和賞の創設者は22日、同氏を選出した理由について語った。

孔子平和賞を運営しているのは「中国国際和平研究センター(China International Peace Studies Centre)」というほぼ無名の組織。同組織を創設したシャオ・ダモ(Qiao Damo)氏がAFPの取材に応じ、ムガベ大統領の選出理由について、世界平和への「卓越した貢献」が評価されたと語った。


90歳代のムガベ大統領の他に孔子平和賞の最終候補に挙がっていたのは、富豪のビル・ゲイツ(Bill Gates)氏や潘基文(バン・キムン、Ban Ki-Moon)国連(UN)事務総長、韓国の朴槿恵(パク・クネ、Park Geun-Hye)大統領ら9人という。「彼(ムガベ大統領)が1980年に権力を獲得しなかったら、彼が役割を果たさなかったとしたら、とてつもない才能が無駄遣いに終わったことだろう」と、シャオ氏は語った。

孔子平和賞は中国で投獄されている反体制派作家、劉暁波(Liu Xiaobo)氏がノーベル平和賞(Nobel Peace Prize)を受賞した2010年に、中国側が突如、設立した。これまでの受賞者には、ロシアのウラジーミル・プーチン(Vladimir Putin)大統領やキューバのフィデル・カストロ(Fidel Castro)前国家評議会議長らがいる。ムガベ大統領は過去数十年にわたって中国と密接な関係を持ってきた。




シャオ氏は、ムガベ大統領には「ジンバブエを安定化する能力」があるだけでなく、アフリカ連合(African Union)の議長として「アフリカの平和を推進する」ことができると語る。


一方、野党・ジンバブエ人民民主党のゴーデン・モヨ(Gorden Moyo)幹事長は、地元ニュースウェブサイトで孔子平和賞を「狂気」と非難。「(主催者は)平和の使者のふりをする殺人者を表彰したことを恥じて首をつるべきだ」と批判した。








2015/10/29 15:15














By David Pilling

(2015年10月29日付 英フィナンシャル・タイムズ紙)


中国「孔子平和賞」にジンバブエ大統領 受賞は辞退

2015/10/29 19:58





2015年11月22日 17:01 発信地:ハラレ/ジンバブエ

【11月22日 AFP】ジンバブエの首都ハラレ(Harare)にある酒場で20日夜、容姿が端正ではない男性を選ぶ「ミスター・アグリー」コンテストが開かれ、42歳の無職の男性が優勝した。だが、準優勝の男性が、偏見があったとして審査員たちを非難したことから、コンテストは醜い結末となった。(c)AFP



習近平氏、ジンバブエ訪問 アフリカ重視の立場アピール










ジンバブエ、人民元を「通貨」に 中国は48億円の債権放棄

2015.12.24 Thu posted at 13:06 JST

(CNN) アフリカ南部のジンバブエは24日までに、国内で使える通貨として、中国の人民元を採用すると明らかにした。これに先立ち、中国はジンバブエに対する4000万ドル(約48億円)の債権について放棄する方針を明らかにしていた。



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