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アフリカ障害者の10年 African Decade of Persons with Disabilities 2010年10月〜12月


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作成:斉藤龍一郎
 *(特活)アフリカ日本協議会事務局長

アフリカ日本協議会(AJF)2010
HIV/AIDS 2010
グローバル・エイズ・アップデイト
Gender in Africa
アフリカの子ども
アフリカ障害者の10年
アフリカ開発会議(TICAD)
気候変動とアフリカ
アフリカと中国
アフリカとスポーツ
アフリカの食料・農業問題
アフリカの石油、資源
アフリカの保健・医療
アフリカのICT
ケニア共和国 Republic of Kenya 大統領選挙と騒乱
ソマリア海賊対策と自衛隊派遣問題
アルジェリア民主人民共和国アンゴラ共和国ウガンダ共和国エジプト・アラブ共和国エチオピア連邦民主共和国エリトリア国ガーナ共和国カーボヴェルデ共和国ガボン共和国カメルーン共和国ガンビア共和国ギニア共和国ギニアビサウ共和国ケニア共和国コートジボワール共和国コモロ連合コンゴ共和国コンゴ民主共和国サハラ・アラブ民主共和国サントメ・プリンシペ民主共和国ザンビア共和国シエラレオネ共和国ジンバブエ共和国スーダン共和国スペイン領カナリア諸島スワジランド王国セーシェル共和国赤道ギニア共和国セネガル共和国ソマリア民主共和国タンザニア連合共和国チャド共和国チュニジア共和国中央アフリカ共和国トーゴ共和国ナイジェリア連邦共和国ナミビア共和国ニジェール共和国ブルキナファソブルンジ共和国ベナン共和国ボツワナ共和国マダガスカル共和国マラウイ共和国マリ共和国南アフリカ共和国南スーダン共和国モーリシャス共和国モーリタニア・イスラム共和国モザンビーク共和国モロッコ王国リビア(旧 大リビア・アラブ社会主義人民ジャマーヒリーヤ国)リベリア共和国ルワンダ共和国レソト王国
※外務省ウェブサイトを基に、国名を表記しています。

○2007年までのニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 〜2007年
○2008年1月〜3月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2008年 1
○2008年4月〜6月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2008年 2
○2008年7月〜9月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2008年 3
○2008年10月〜12月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2008年 4
○2009年1月〜6月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2009年 1月〜6月
○2009年7月〜9月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2009年 7月〜9月
○2009年10月〜12月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2009年 10月〜12月
○2010年1月〜3月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2010年 1月〜3月
○2010年4月〜6月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2010年 4月〜6月
○2010年7月〜9月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2010年 7月〜9月
○最新のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年

* 主としてアジア経済研究所の「障害と開発」メーリングリストで紹介された記事を収録しています。
  「障害と開発」メーリングリストについては、次のページをご覧下さい。
  アジア経済研究所 森壮也

◆2010/10/05 AJF 【アマゾンを利用してAJFに寄付を!】アフィリエイト報告2010年9月
◆2010/10/05 The New Vision Masaka to educate deaf children
◆2010/10/06 世界銀行 世界銀行コーヒーアワー第32回 「スーダン視覚障害者教育支援 〜出会いが繋ぐ国際協力・『夢の貯金箱』助成プロジェクト〜 」
◆2010/10/14 AllAfrica.com Tanzania: Disabled Feel Marginalised in Election Process
◆2010/10/14 AllAfrica.com Deaf and Dumb Man Blames His Hunger for Theft
◆2010/10/18 Sowetan His disability does not hold him back
◆2010/10/18 AllAfrica.com Uganda: Ntinda School of the Deaf Empowers Disabled Learners with Vocational Skills
◆2010/10/19 Mmegi Online Official Calls For More Sponsorships For Disability Sport
◆2010/10/19 AllAfrica.com Gambia: WFD Training on Human Rights Wraps-Up
◆2010/10/25 Sowetan Deaf township kids win award
◆2010/10/25 Sowetan 'Learn sign language'
◆2010/10/26 Sowetan Amaha helps disabled woman
◆2010/10/26 Sowetan Disabled join in drive to end road carnage
◆2010/10/26 Namibia Sport MVA Fund and DSN to host disabled sport awards
◆2010/10/26 The New Vision Disabled want government help
◆2010/10/26 BusinessGhana Physically-handicapped student is toast of guests
◆2010/10/27 Sowetan Disabled left in lurch
◆2010/10/27 第4回CBRアフリカネットワーク会議 CBRガイドライン
◆2010/10/30-31 日本手話学会 「日本手話学会第36回大会」の開催ご案内
◆2010/11/02 岩波書店 新刊案内:森壮也編『途上国障害者の貧困削減――かれらはどう生計を営んでいるのか』
◆2010/11/02 AJF 【アマゾンを利用してAJFに寄付を!】アフィリエイト報告2010年10月
◆2010/11/02 The New Vision Nominations for disabled postponed
◆2010/11/02 The New Vision Jinja disabled kids get surgery
◆2010/11/10 The New Vision Museveni to grace Jinja disabled race
◆2010/11/11 Uganda People News Museveni mourns former MP Mwandha
◆2010/11/11 Uganda People News Uganda disability movement mourns Mwandha
◆2010/11/13 The Swazi Observer Disability and rehabilitation
◆2010/11/13 The Zimbabwe Standard Boy shows that disability is not inability
◆2010/11/14 BuaNews Online Employ people with disabilities - Xingwana
◆2010/11/14 AllAfrica.com Eritrea: Association of War-Disabled Veterans Extends Support to Members
◆2010/11/15 New Era Bicycle project bolsters disabled
◆2010/11/15 Nation Online Toilet for classroom
◆2010/11/15 Namibia Sport Aloisius gets Most Inspirational Athlete Award at DSN ceremony
◆2010/11/15 オックスフォード 新刊案内 Deaf around the World The Impact of Language
◆2010/11/15 The Swazi Observer Visually impaired students at Nazarene College in 2011
◆2010/11/15 AngolaPress Society told to encourage disabled people to voluntary activity
◆2010/11/15 Uganda Sports News Museveni to preside over Voice of Disabled for Africa
◆2010/11/16 Sudan Tribune Disabled persons in South Sudan call for inclusion in referendum processes
◆2010/11/17 Modern Ghana Volta deaf call for LI
◆2010/11/17 Nigerian Compass Newspaper How to rehabilitate 1.2m visually imparied Nigerians-Ophthalomologist
◆2010/11/20 Nigeria Daily Independent Towards Inclusion, access for persons with disabilities
◆2010/11/20 Accra Daily Mail Security Personnel Schooled on Disability Issues
◆2010/11/22 AngolaPress Handicapped persons get 100 hectares for agricultural project
◆2010/11/22 Times of Swaziland 13 visually impaired artists share two rooms
◆2010/11/23 AllAfrica.com Eritrea: Assistance and Lectures Offered to Disabled Nationals in Dekemhare Sub-Zone
◆2010/11/23 Chronicle Deaf, dumb man faces rape charge
◆2010/11/24 The Bostwana Gazette Mascom share special time with the disabled
◆2010/11/25 FM.co.za Put on a financial seatbelt
◆2010/11/26 Tunisia Online News Tenth Congress of Arab Deaf Union opens in Hammamet
◆2010/11/26 Daily Nation Parents demand to be part of the policy team for mentally disabled
◆2010/11/28 Ghana News Gov’t Ropes In Professionals In Informal Sector
◆2010/11/28 Modern Ghana Visually Impaired Students In Finals Of Spelling Bee
◆2010/11/30 AFP BB News 国にはびこる偏見をなくせ、アルビノのサッカーチーム タンザニア
◆2010/11/30 Ghana News Koforidua School for the Deaf appeals for support
◆2010/12/01 Human Rights Watch ろう者へのHIV啓発が必要
◆2010/12/01 Human Rights Watch Breaking through the Silence: HIV and the Deaf
◆2010/12/04-05 早稲田大学 第21回国際開発学会で【障がいとジェンダー】&学会手話通訳情報
◆2010/12/04 Safe World for Women ウガンダ北部で、障害を持つ女性たち、性的暴力や差別に苦しむ
◆2010/12/06 AngolaPress Over 3,000 disabled persons join rehabilitation programme
◆2010/12/06 Mmegi Online Inside a church of the deaf
◆2010/12/06 AllAfrica.com Handicapped Persons Seek Social Integration
◆2010/12/07 Herald Scotland Charity for deaf trains interpreters to help in Malawi
◆2010/12/07 Sunday News Deaf, dumb man kills cousin with screwdriver
◆2010/12/08 Daily Nation ケニア:アルビノとして初めてタンザニア総選挙に当選したKhalfani氏、人々の意識改革が必要と語る
◆2010/12/08 Ghana News Members of Rotary Club of Accra West fete disabled children
◆2010/12/12 AJF・DPI日本会議・GCOE生存学合同学習会 「アフリカの障害者の現状と課題:ろう者の取り組み、JICA研修の波紋」
◆2010/12/12 AJF・DPI日本会議・gCOE生存学合同学習会 「アフリカの障害者の現状と課題:ろう者の取り組み、JICA研修の波紋」報告
◆2010/12/12 原山浩輔 AJF・DPI日本会議・GCOE生存学合同学習会プレゼン「ケニア・首都ナイロビにおけるろう者の経済活動領域に関する報告」
◆2010/12/12 スーダン障害者教育支援の会 【スーダンカフェ 2010】〜見て知って食べて、まるごと味わうスーダン〜
◆2010/12/12 kBC Man kills father and disabled brother in Nyahururu
◆2010/12/13 AllAfrica.com Angola: Disabled Children Want Dignifying Inclusion in Society
◆2010/12/13 Mmegi Online Limkokwing offers to sponsor 10 students with disability
◆2010/12/14 AJF 【アマゾンを利用してAJFに寄付を!】アフィリエイト報告2010年11月
◆2010/12/14 Awareness Times In Sierra Leone, Disability Congress Writes President Koroma
◆2010/12/15 Nigerian Tribune 600 visually impaired to benefit from FCMB
◆2010/12/16 Modern Ghana PWDs lose faith in disability act
◆2010/12/16 AllAfrica.com Rwanda: NUR's Visually Impaired Students Get ICT Skills
◆2010/12/20 Mmegi Online In silence, we do
◆2010/12/20 佐藤誠編 越境するケア労働 日本・アジア・アフリカ
◆2010/12/21 Sowetan Disabled are very capable
◆2010/12/21 ZimEye A Disabled Election-Observer for each Polling Station
◆2010/12/23 Plus News 障害とHIV/AIDSの両分野、共通の基盤を見出す
◆2010/12/25 Nigerian Tribune Fayemi appoints new HOS, Acting CJ Appoints deaf, mute LG staff as aide
◆2010/12/25 Accra Daily Mail NYEP employs 513 disabled persons
◆2010/12/25 Modern Ghana Parents asked to educate their disabled children-Headmistress
◆2010/12/25 Ghana News Agency Volta Region emerges winners of Disabled Games
◆2010/12/27 Ghana News Agency Government urged to provide interpreters for the deaf Bonsu
◆2010/12/28 Ghana News Agency Minister celebrate Christmas with orphans and the deaf
◆2010/12/31 The Swazi Observer 100% pass rate for School of the Deaf

【参考website】
■Child-friendly text of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Word/PDF)
http://www.unicef.org/voy/takeaction/takeaction_cfc_questionnaire.php
■International Rehabilitation Review, December 2007 - Vol. 56, No. 1, SPECIAL EDITION
(PDF)http://www.unicef.org/voy/takeaction/takeaction_cfc_questionnaire.php
(Word)http://www.riglobal.org/publications/RI_Review_2007_Dec_WORDversion.doc
■CBRトレーニングコースの情報
http://www.enablement.nl/(概要)
http://www.enablement.nl/pdf/newsletter6.pdf(コース関連や詳しい情報)
■アジア太平洋/中東/アフリカ地域における障害関連の資料(小説、論文等)のリスト www.independentliving.org/docs7/miles200807.html(html)
www.independentliving.org/docs7/miles200807.pdf(pdf)
This annotated bibliography lists a selection of 130 novels, short stories, biographies, autobiographies, materials from philosophy, anthropology and folklore, and literary criticism, in which disability, deafness or mental disorders play some significant part, from East Asia, South Asia, the Middle East and Africa, available mostly in English or French.
■WHOから途上国の車椅子ユーザーのための新ガイドライン http://www.who.int/disabilities/publications/technology/wheelchairguidelines/en/index.html
■「アフリカ障害者の十年」事務局 ニュースレター「Human Rights Africa」2008年第2号 http://www.africandecade.org/humanrightsafrica/newsletter.2008-10-21.3303788528/view
■Downside of the Human Rights-Based Approach to Disability in Development
(ウガンダをケースにして研究を進めている、人権アプローチについての論文)
http://blogs.helsinki.fi/katsui/files/2008/11/downside-of-hrba.doc
■世界ろうあ連盟の途上国を中心としたろう者の人権状況の世界的調査報告
http://www.wfdeaf.org/projects.html
■座談会「視覚障害者が高等教育機関で学ぶ スーダンと日本の経験を語る」(2007年8月9日)
http://www.arsvi.com/2000/070809.htm
■座談会「大学における視覚障害者支援の現状と課題 スーダンで今求められていること」(2008年6月21日)
http://www.arsvi.com/2000/080621.htm
■立命館大学生存学研究センター報告6「視覚障害学生支援技法」
http://www.arsvi.com/b2000/0902as.htm
■GPDD(グローバル・パートナーシップ・フォー・ディスアビリティ・アンド・デヴェロップメント)
http://www.gpdd-online.org/
『障害と開発』分野の国際的なネットワークのウェブ・ページです。

【Related Sites】
○スーダン障害者教育支援の会 http://capeds.org
【参考図書】
○アフリカNOW 78号 特集:アフリカ障害者の10年〜アフリカの障害者の取り組みは今
2007年10月20日発行 一部500円(送料実費) 必要な方はAJF事務局こちらへ
内容 ○アフリカNOW第83号 特集 アフリカにおける民主化の課題
「アフリカにおける民主化の課題」を特集したアフリカNOW第83号を発刊しました。

特集の内容は以下の通りです。
* アフリカにおける平和の定着と民主化の課題  武内進一
* ケニア:2007年選挙後暴力を裁く特別法廷の設置  永岡宏昌
* 【資料】ケニア選挙後暴力究明委員会報告(要旨)

「アフリカの現場から」では、ガーナでエイズ対策隊員としてろう学校でのエイ
ズ教育に取り組み、障害者の社会参加に関わる活動をしてきたAJF会員がレポー
トしています。

アフリカの現場から−ガーナにおける障害者の社会参加促進活動  南口美佳

また、アフリカを伝える新しい取り組みの紹介もあります。
* 「POP AFRICA アフリカの今にのる?!」参加して考えたこと  茂住衛
* 【映画紹介】エンタングル・イン・トーキョー パート1:罪の報酬  川田薫

○アフリカNOW第85号 特集 在日アフリカ人・コミュニティと共に生きる
2009年7月31日発行
頒価500円(+送料) 必要な方はAJF事務局(info@ajf.gr.jp)に連絡下さい

目次
特集1 在日アフリカ人・コミュニティと共に生きる
小島美佐さんに聞く 在日アフリカ人ファミリーとして誇りを持って生きてい
くために
報告:アフリカンキッズクラブのこれまでの実施イベント
在日アフリカ人コミュニティへのHIV/AIDS予防啓発活動に取り組んで 川田薫
特集2 アフリカの障害者と障害者運動の現状
The situation of disabled people in Zimbabwe by Alexander M. Phiri
翻訳:ジンバブエにおける障害者の現状/アレクサンダー・ピリさん紹介
The situation of youth with disabilities in Uganda by Aggrey Olweny
翻訳:ウガンダにおける障害を持つ若者の状況/アグレイ・オルウェニさん紹介
アフリカの現場から:ガーナ 小中学校における性教育とエイズ予防啓発 宮本
佐知子
書評:小倉充夫著「南部アフリカ社会の百年」 近藤帝
ひとつの結び目として・活動日誌 AJF事務局

○障害と開発 途上国の障害当事者と社会
森壮也編 アジア経済研究所

上記の本は、下記の研究会の報告書である。
http://www.ide.go.jp/Japanese/Research/Project/2006/429.html

本の巻末にテキスト・データの引換券が付いており、視覚障害者等のためのテキスト・データの提供もしている。

○『アジア経済 Vol.49, No.2』 「貧困のミクロ経済分析−貧困の罠を用いた文献理解」
伊藤成朗 ¥1,050 B5判 平均104頁 2008年2月

障害についても若干の言及がある他、エンタイトルメント不足を貧困の原因ととらえる視点から、
その解決策を経済学的に模索する論文です。

インターネットでは以下の箇所から注文できます。
http://www.ide.go.jp/Japanese/Publish/Ajia/

○アジア経済研究所叢書4 貧困削減戦略再考
―― 生計向上アプローチの可能性 ――

山形辰史編 ¥4,620円(本体 4,400円 + 税5%) A5判 280頁 2008年3月27日 [amazon]

この本の元になった研究会は、以下のものです。
http://www.ide.go.jp/Japanese/Research/Project/2006/421.html

インターネットでは以下の箇所からも注文できます。
http://www.iwanami.co.jp/.BOOKS/00/6/0099730.html
http://www.7andy.jp/books/detail?accd=32042401
http://item.rakuten.co.jp/book/5543197/

○アフリカと政治 紛争と貧困とジェンダー
わたしたちがアフリカを学ぶ理由

戸田真紀子著 御茶の水書房 2400円+税 A5判 212p
http://www.amazon.co.jp/exec/obidos/ASIN/4275005899/ryospage03-22

天理大学の戸田さんが、新著「アフリカと政治 紛争と貧困とジェンダー」を送ってくれました。
「わたしたちがアフリカを学ぶ理由」とのサブ・タイトルも付された本は、内容がもりだくさんで、論じられている事象や地域についてなじみがない人にはちょっととっつきにくいかなと感じました。
ケニアの女性が立ち上げて運営するママ・ハニ孤児院を紹介する終章「立ち上がる草の根の人々とその声」、次いであやうく「姦通罪」への処罰としての石打ち刑で殺されるところであったアミナ・ラワルさんが直面したナイジェリアの政治情勢を分析する第7章「女性だけが背負う重荷」と読み進め、そこで論じられている問題を読み解くために他の章を読むという読み方がありそうだなと思いました。

序章 アフリカを勉強する10の理由
第1部 アフリカの「民族紛争」の神話と現実
 第1章 アフリカの「民族」とは何か
 第2章 アフリカの民族紛争の「神話」
 第3章 突出する紛争犠牲者
 第4章 選挙民主主義が紛争を生み出す矛盾
 第5章 ナイジェリアの宗教紛争
第2部 ジェンダーから見るアフリカ
 第6章 アフリカの女性と「人間の安全保障」
 第7章 女性だけが背負う重荷
終章 立ち上がる草の根の人々とその声

序章のコラム、アフリカ援助に要する資金が全世界の軍事費の20分の1にすぎないことを紹介する註、そして債務問題がアフリカの子どもたちから未来を奪っていることを告発する記述で、参照されているスティーブン・ルイスの著作もぜひ一読してください。

Race Against Time: Searching for Hope in AIDS-Ravaged Africa
http://www.amazon.co.jp/exec/obidos/ASIN/0887847536/ryospage03-22

○立命館大学生存学研究センター報告6「視覚障害学生支援技法」
2007年8月の東大先端研で、2008年6月に立命館大学でスーダン人の視覚障害学生を
交えて行った座談会をもとに、僕(斉藤龍一郎さん)が書いた「スーダンと日本、障害当事者による
支援の可能性」も収録されています。

目次、入手方法が以下にあります。
送料実費で頒布しているものですので、一読して活用していただけるとうれしい
です。
 
http://www.arsvi.com/b2000/0902as.htm

また、上記座談会記録を収録した資料集「スーダンにおける視覚障害者の現状と
支援のための取り組み」を一部1000円で販売しています。こちらは、AJF事務局
に連絡下さい。

○アフリカのいまを知ろう
山田肖子編著 岩波書店 ジュニア新書 245p 2008年3月

○アフリカのろう者と手話の歴史―A・J・フォスターの「王国」を訪ねて
亀井伸孝著 明石書店 A5判 254p 2006年12月

○亀井伸孝(2009)「第5章 言語と身体の違いを超えて関係を構築する−アフリカ のろう者コミュニティにてー」
箕浦康子編著『フィールドワークの技法と実際II 分析・解釈編』ミネルヴァ書房所収

○亀井伸孝(2009)「第17章 アメリカ手話とフランス語の接触が生んだ手話言語 −フランス語圏西・中部アフリカ−」
梶茂樹・砂野幸稔編著『アフリカのことばと社会 多言語状況を生きると言うこと』三元社所収

○手話の世界を訪ねよう
亀井伸孝著  岩波書店 2009年6月19日  日本語  819円 (税込み)  新書判/縦組/240ページ ISBN978-4-00-500630-4 C0236
詳細はこちら 
http://kamei.aacore.jp/iwanami2009-j.html

○「理解と進歩のためのアフリカ言語学: 第6回世界アフリカ言語学会議(WOCAL 6)参加報告」
 『アフリカ研究』(日本アフリカ学会): 45-47.

亀井伸孝・米田信子著 2009



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【アマゾンを利用してAJFに寄付を!】アフィリエイト報告2010年9月

現在、gCOE生存学創成拠点ウェブサイト内の[amazon]をクリックして購入された本のアフィリエイト・フィーを僕が受け取り、AJFへ寄付する仕組みができています。
このアフィリエイトの仕組みについては、以下を見てください。
 http://www.arsvi.com/b/a.htm
アマゾンを利用される方は、ぜひこの仕組みを活用して、AJFへの寄付につなげてください。

9月は315点、584,543円が対象となり、紹介料は30,237円でした。

今後も、使っているプリンターのトナーやインク、USBメモリー、またコピー用紙などが必要な際にも、以下の利用法を参照して、アフィリエイトにつながる購入をしてもらえるとうれしいです。

9月29日に7月分アフィリエイト・フィー43,670円を受領し、AJF口座へ振込みました。

昨年は、以下のように45万円をこえる寄付につながりました。

2009年4月〜2010年3月 4,703点 458,695円(2008年4月〜2009年3月は 393,880円)


アマゾンを利用する際に、以下のいずれかの手順を踏んでもらえると、上記の寄付につがなります。

1)gCOE生存学創成拠点ウェブサイト、もしくは僕のウェブサイトにある本のリストから本を選びアマゾンを利用する。
 gCOE生存学創成拠点ウェブサイト http://www.arsvi.com
 僕のサイト http://www.asahi-net.or.jp/~ls9r-situ

 ※上記いずれかを「お気に入り」もしくは「ブックマーク」登録されると、アフィリエイト利用が簡単になります。

2)gCOE生存学創成拠点ウェブサイト内上記のアフィリエイト説明ページ、僕のウェブサイトの各ページにあるアマゾンへのリンクからアマゾンへ入って、本、DVD、CD、PCおよび周辺機器、日用品などを購入する

3)メーリングリスト、mixiで僕が本と一緒に紹介するアマゾンへのリンクを利用する

9月に紹介した本

アフリカから学ぶ 峯陽一・武内進一・笹岡雄一編 有斐閣 2300円+税 四六判 430p+索引17p http://www.amazon.co.jp/exec/obidos/ASIN/4641049866/ryospage03-22

*割引販売をしています。AJF事務局(info@ajf.gr.jp)に連絡下さい。

どうぞよろしく。



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Masaka to educate deaf children

The New Vision, Uganda
Publication date: Tuesday, 5th October, 2010 By Ali Mambule

MASAKA district, together with Ka Tutandike, a non-governmental organisation, have started a project to sensitise deaf children on reproductive health.

I was shocked by a young girl who claimed that she was sick after seeing blood coming out of her private parts, not knowing that menstruation was common to everyone,・the district rehabilitation officer, Michael Miiro, told New Vision.

He said the project, which is targeting about 500 deaf children, focuses on teaching sign language to parents, health workers, teachers and members of the community.

Miiro noted that whereas 90% of what children learn is through listening to people talking and the media, the deaf are missing this opportunity.

Even the teachers in schools where these children go for studies only teach them how to read and write. They don't know how to deliver reproductive health information to the children,・he said.

They need television sets, DVDs and video cassette players so that they can see, understand, internalise and later spread the same information to their siblings and those who may not be in position to access that information,・Miiro said.

He expressed concern over parents who hide children with disabilities.

Julius Nkuraija, the Ka Tutandike project manager, said: we have begun with three schools in Masaka district, including St. Mark VII Bwanda, Good Samaritan School for the Deaf Kitengesa and Masaka School for Children with Special Needs Bugabira.

He said the project would last three years.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.newvision.co.ug/D/8/19/734141




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世界銀行コーヒーアワー第32回 「スーダン視覚障害者教育支援 〜出会いが繋ぐ国際協力・『夢の貯金箱』助成プロジェクト〜 」

表題セミナーの広報をさせて頂きます。

今回の発表に合わせ、スーダン障害者教育支援の会は9月に現地訪問も行いました。現地の最新レポートを写真&映像も併せて紹介できればと思います。

世銀ウェブサイトはこちら
http://go.worldbank.org/IRXDDL5WX0

世界銀行情報センター(PIC東京)、障害分野NGO連絡会(JANNET)、日本財団 共催

コーヒーアワー 「障害と開発」シリーズ
第32回2006年12月国連総会で「障害者の権利条約」が採択され、「障害と開発」の視点が途上国の開発にあたって留意すべき重要な項目に位置付けられる大きな一歩になり、2008年5月3日に発効しました。日本も2007年9月に署名し、批准国は90カ国に達しています。世界人口の10%が障害者であるなか、2015年までに貧しい人々の人口を半減させるというミレニアム開発目標(MDGs)達成のためには、障害を開発問題として捉えることが重要です。

スーダン障害者教育支援の会は、本年9月17〜26日まで現地を訪問し、ハルツーム大学、情報教育支援プロジェクを視察してきました。本事業は、障害者学生の学習環境の改善を目標に現地の障害をもつ「卒業生の会」とともに開始したプロジェクトです。また「夢の貯金箱」は日本財団の新しいファンドレイジング活動で、「大切な命」をテーマにした活動を支援しています。今回は、皆様と一緒に、スーダンの現地イニシアティブを尊重した教育支援から「障害と開発」について考えて見ませんか。

<スピーカー>

福地健太郎さん (スーダン障害者教育支援の会、理事)
森啓子さん、(日本財団・総務グループ、ファンドレイジングチーム))

<コメンテーター>

千葉寿夫さん(日本財団・国際協力グループ、Basic Human Needsチーム)

日時
2010年10月6日(水) 午後6時30分〜午後8時

場所
世界銀行東京事務所・東京開発ラーニングセンター
東京都千代田区内幸町2-2-2 富国生命ビル10階
地下鉄三田線内幸町駅直結、日比谷線・千代田線・丸の内線霞ヶ関駅C3出口

お問合せ
世界銀行情報センター(PIC東京) E-mail: ptokyo@worldbank.org
Tel:03-3597-6650

お申込み
以下のフォームでオンラインにてお申込みいただくか、お名前、ご所属、ご連絡先を「10月6日コーヒーアワー参加希望」と明記の上、
ptokyo@worldbank.org 宛にお送りください。参加費は無料(コーヒー付き)、使用言語は日本語、日本手話です。


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Tanzania: Disabled Feel Marginalised in Election Process

Tanzania Daily News (Dar es Salaam)
Katare Mbashiru
14 October 2010

Dar es Salaam - WITH only few days left ahead of October General Election, the National Electoral Commission (NEC) still has a lot to do in ensuring that the election is held in an environment where every Tanzanian with, prescribed criteria, participate in the ballot boxes.

There are a lot of complaints from the disabled people with regard to what NEC is yet to fulfill so that this marginalised group forgets what happened in previous elections and look foward on the coming general election. Association of Women with disabilities (SWAUTA) chairperson Ms Stella Jairos in an exclusive interview with the Daily News' 'POLITIKA' outlines discrepancies that, if not taken into consideration by NEC, it is indeed evident that the disabled are likely to miss their Constitutional right.

She says NEC has been disassociating people with disabilities in various issues, thus, leaving them in a dilemma. A lot of publications by NEC do not consider large print, for example, in the brochures and civic education publications and this has been very difficult for people with albinism to read. NEC has also delayed the publication of Braille books on civic education, something which Ms Jairos says has a huge impact to people with sight disabilities who until this time have little or no knowledge on how they would vote in the October election.

"This book was released last month, however, it is yet to be distributed in all regions so that all people with blindness would access it and understand the election procedures," Ms Jairos says. In previous elections people with sight disabilities were going on the polling stations with their relatives or friends to help them cast votes. However, in 2005, the government established the tactile ballot which did not materialize because there was no enough time to educate the people on how to use it.

With tactile ballot, people with sight disabilities do not require any assistance to vote. Voting is done in a more secret manner. This avoids tendencies by some unscrupulous people who have been purporting to assist blind people end up voting against the wish of those they are supposed to assist. "Until this time NEC has not yet started educating the people with blind disabilities on how to use tactile ballot, even to those who are in Dar es Salaam taking into consideration that elections are just around the corner," Ms Jairos complains.

SWAUTA chairperson says in 2005 elections, for example, the tactile ballot had no braille characters and it was just like a normal ballot box, thus, it was like writing numbers in the sea. In Tanzania, there are over 300,000 blind people who need to be considered so that their constitutional right to vote and to be voted would not be violated. Ms Jairos reminds NEC to ensure that polling stations are located where all people with disabilities can easily reach.

She says it will be difficult if the stations are stationed in upstairs of the buildings where it becomes difficult for them in terms of accessibility. In what SWAUTA chairperson describes as gender discrimination, NEC appointed representatives of people with disabilities to be incorporated in NEC's committees who, she says, are all men, something which accentuate the patriarchy system. Those appointed, according to her, includes Dickson Mzeyanga, a person with deaf disability who works in NEC's Committee of Information and Communication and Elias Masamaki who was appointed to represent the disabled in the Civic Education Committee.

Political parties again, are yet to incorporate people with disabilities to participate fully in the approaching election scheduled to take place at the end of this month. No doubt, that there is no single political party which has published a manifesto with Braille characters in order to ensure that people with blind disabilities would comprehend with what has been prioritized, instead of just using their close fellows to read for them.

Action on Disabilities and Development (ADD) Director, Mr Sixbert Mbaya noted recently, at the TGNP Braille voters manifesto ceremony, held at TGNP headquarters at Mabibo suburb in Da re salaam that political parties were discriminating people with disabilities, something which he said was contrary to the Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania.

On campaign trails again, people with disabilities are left lagging behind because political cadres do not incorporate sign language experts to make the deaf understand policies and promises that are made on the campaign rallies. Ms Jairos requests politicians to organize special days for people with disabilities, so that they are all capable of attending, and it is undoubtedly that sign language experts would be available and those who need special assistance may attend as well.

She express her request to any presidential candidate who would be elected by majority votes to ensure that many people with disabilities are considered during presidential appointments. "People with disabilities constitute ten per cent of the country's population, in this regard, I advice any person who will be sworn in as a president after October polls to ensure that more people with disabilities get representation," says Ms Jairos.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201010150525.html




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Deaf and Dumb Man Blames His Hunger for Theft

A deaf and dumb man yesterday told an Abuja Magistrate Court that he decided to connive with another man to steal two cell phones from an unsuspecting woman at the Transcorp Hilton because of hunger.

Ali Baba of Dei-Dei, Abuja, who spoke through an interpreter, said when he could not have anything to feed himself, he decided to steal the said phones.

The police prosecutor, Ahmed Mohammed, a corporal, had earlier told the court that the accused and his collaborator, Abdullahi Aliyu, a tailor of Mabushi village, Abuja, were arrested by the police with the two stolen cell phones in their possession.

According to the prosecutor, one Michael Katambi, a superintendent and divisional crime officer, Maitama Police Division, arrested the two men and brought them to the station.

"He arrested and brought the men to the station for stealing two Nokia cell phones belonging to one Cynthia Egumide of the Security and Exchange Commission, Abuja," the prosecutor said.

The prosecutor further said the two cell phones were recovered from the thieves and handed over to the complainant, adding that the offence the accused persons committed is punishable under Section 278 of the Penal Code.

The deaf accused, through his interpreter, pleaded guilty and begged the court for leniency, promising not to steal henceforth.

While pleading guilty to the offence, the second accused person blamed the devil for his act, saying he took to stealing following the demolition of his shop by the FCDA.

Magistrate Rosemary Kanyip convicted the two accused persons and sentenced each of them to one month imprisonment or to pay N500 as fine.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201010140280.html




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His disability does not hold him back

2010-10-18 09:20:39.0 | Patience Bambalele | 1 Tue Oct 19 03:55:03 SAST 2010

PHYSICALLY challenged musician Lazarus Magana never allowed rejection to stop him from pursuing his dream.

Magana now owns Cripza Production, a recording company that gives disabled artists a platform.

Though the local industry rejected him because he is disabled, Magana says he is not bitter.

"My company is aimed at proving that disabled people have a lot of talent," he explains.

"The local music industry does not want to accept people who are disabled," Mangena says. "I heard Babsey Mlangeni complaining that the industry does not accept people like us, irrespective of our talent.
They just don't see our talent."

The man who hails from Dennilton in Mpumalanga says he hopes, through his recording company, to empower especially youths who are neglected.

"I want to give youths an opportunity to record music and showcase their talent," he says. "Disabled people are talented and we cannot all be receptionists. People think we are pushovers, not people who have talent."

Magana, who wants to see the recording company grow, says the biggest challenge is a lack of funds.

"We need money to run the company, make CDs and master other things. I am grateful to people like Junior Sokhela, who offers his engineering services for free and Keith Mokoena, who does not charge us for using his studio.".

Magana's recording company has recorded artists such as Killa G, an Afro -pop artist.

H is passion for music started at a young age. After he completed his matric, Magana says, he focused on music, but he was never given a chance.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.sowetanlive.co.za/entertainment/2010/10/18/his-disability-does-not-hold-him-back




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Uganda: Ntinda School of the Deaf Empowers Disabled Learners with Vocational Skills

2010 The Monitor
Benon Herbert Oluka
18 October 2010

Rose Nalukwago, 14, has a dream. The primary six pupil is working towards becoming a banker, a job she believes she can excel at due to her passion for mathematics. However, according to Nalukwago's teacher, Ms Joseline Byamukama, she will have to overcome more odds than the average child to live her dream. This is because Nalukwago is deaf and dumb. She studies at Ntinda School for the Deaf.

Currently, deaf and dumb children only have a specialised school that caters for primary school education.

Those who wish to continue with their studies beyond that, are enrolled in secondary schools for able-bodied students that provide sign language experts for the deaf students. But in last year's Primary Leaving Examinations, only 11 out of the 31 pupils of Ntinda School for the Deaf who sat the exams qualified to join post-primary education under Universal Secondary Education. The year before, only five had qualified.

Ms Byamukama says because the chances of pupils like Nalukwago achieving their dreams are not so high, the school tries to empower their pupils with vocational skills that can help them to be self-employed. However, the Ntinda School's head teacher, Ms Juliet Mary Tumuhairwe, says vocational training is an area where the government does not provide funding - meaning each school has to cater for its own needs. Uganda has only two primary boarding schools for deaf and dumb students in Ngora District and Ntinda, as well as units in 21 of the 111 districts across the country.

"The academic part is catered for by the government where they pay the teachers..., but more assistance is needed in vocation because the materials we use in that area like the chemicals are more expensive than in the academic area," she said.

Ms Tumuhairwe explained that they rely on donors to ensure their students are equipped with vocational skills. "But In areas like carpentry where they have not injected money, we don't even have the timber to use and the tools are worn out," she says. Founded in 1959, Ntinda School for the Deaf currently has 210 pupils; 104 girls and 106 boys. Currently, the school conducts vocational training classes to students in primary four to seven. The school provides tutoring in carpentry, home science, agriculture and crafts. During a visit to the school last week, the pupils were engaged in a series of creative activities, like making earrings out of jacaranda tree pods.

Other activities that the pupils are engaged in include weaving, knitting, tie and dye designs, making cards for occasions, making sculptors, and painting of creative art pieces. Other students are engaged with carpentry, cookery, and a series of agricultural activities on the school's six acre farm. Ms Nulu Nantongo, the agriculture department head, says: "We have many things which are missing," she said. "The tools are not available. These days we don't have animals. Due to the financial problems, we decided to sell them and then maybe in future we will re-stock the farm with items for poultry, rabbit keeping and animal husbandry."Ms Nantongo says such items are necessary for teaching the disabled children from a very early age since it takes more time than normal to identify their areas of interest and guide them.

Copyright ? 2010 The Monitor. All rights reserved. Distributed by AllAfrica Global Media (allAfrica.com).

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201010190020.html




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Official Calls For More Sponsorships For Disability Sport

Mosah Mokganedi
Correspondent

A top government official has called for more sponsorship for people living with disabilities in sport.

Thomas Motingwa has urged government and the private sector to take people with disabilities seriously as far as sports sponsorship is concerned.

He said that though efforts have been made to take care of the needs of the people with disabilities, it is not enough. Motingwa is the coordinator of people with disabilities in the Office of President (OP).

He was speaking at the inaugural deaf children games in Gaborone.
Competitors from Botswana and South Africa participated in chess, netball, football and volleyball in the games. The games were meant to foster relationships between the two countries.

South Africa proved its supremacy winning 16-12 in netball, 4-3 in chess, 4-3 in football and 2-1 in volleyball boys. Botswana girls won 2-0 in volleyball.

Motingwa said the games are a proof that there is indeed ability in disability. "We are gathered here to declare that if people with disabilities can be given a chance, they would exercise their potential, " he said.

He explained that just like South Africa, Botswana has made strides in taking care of the people with disabilities and trying to improve their quality of life despite the challenges. "We are also gathered here to emphasise the importance of sports.
"Sport unites nations, empowers individuals and improves one's health," he said. He added that the games are a platform to prepare young sportspeople for bigger competitions in future.

He expressed hope that deaf children will make Botswana proud in future international competitions just like Commonwealth 400m record holder Amantle Montsho. With funds permitting, the games will be held every year alternating between the two countries.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.mmegi.bw/index.php?sid=8&aid=5689&dir=2010/October/Monday18




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Gambia: WFD Training on Human Rights Wraps-Up

Fatoumatta Fatty
AllAfrica.com
The Daily Observer (Banjul)
19 October 2010

------------------------------------------------------------------------

The World Federation of the Deaf (WFD) last Saturday concluded a ten-day capacity building training on Human Rights for the Gambia Association of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing (GADHOH). The training was held at the GOVI headquarters in Kanifing.

Speaking during the closing ceremony, Sarah Houge from WFD revealed that they are working to strengthen the Regional Association of the Deaf in Western and Central African Regions in order to create the necessary skills for stronger advocacy work in relation to human and linguistic rights of deaf people.

She explained that WFD is an organisation, which helps to train deaf people in order for them to gain knowledge. "The deaf people should have equal rights to do what other people do, such as going to school and having equal rights to job opportunities," she remarked. Lucy Upah from WFD said that they are working as volunteers to train the deaf, that is why they are training them (the deaf) to have more knowledge in human rights issues.

Other speakers were Abdu Kadir Drammeh, President of GADHOH, Landing Badjie and Momodou Sanyang, who also expressed similar sentiments.Dodou Loum, executive director of GADHOH, who gave the vote of thanks, expressed gratitude to WFD for their effort and dedication.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201010190903.html




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Presidential couple inaugurates Basma Centre for the Integration of Disabled

Tunisia Online News

TUNISIAONLINENEWS- During the presidential couple’s inauguration visit, President Zine el Abidine Ben Ali, was briefed on the Basma Centre for Integration of the Disabled which Mrs. Leila Ben Ali, the spouse of the President of the Republic and the Chairwoman of the Basma Association for the Promotion of Employment for the Disabled, officially inaugurated on Thursday afternoon.

Located in Gammarth, north of Tunis, the establishment is among the most recent key achievements of the Basma Association.

Mrs. Leila Ben Ali unveiled the commemorative plaque of the establishment, announcing its opening. President Ben Ali enquired, about the different components and objectives of this large-scale humanitarian achievement which aims at endowing the disabled with all necessary aptitudes to achieve their ambitions and aspirations and their integration in active life, through jobs adapted to their physical and mental conditions.

The President of the Republic and his wife toured the different wings of the Centre, located in a picturesque natural environment overlooking the heights of the Gammarth tourist zone and stretching over 24,000 square meters.

In addition to the administrative offices of Basma Association, the establishment houses a library, a dormitory which could accommodate 55 young girls and boys, as well as workshops in different sectors of manual activity and information and communication technologies.

President Ben Ali showed a special interest for the protected workshops fitted out in the form of small enterprises providing job opportunities to disabled persons who are unable to integrate in the traditional employment circuit.

These activities involve particularly computer maintenance and recycling, packaging and printing on different media.

President Zine el Abidine Ben Ali also took interest in spaces dedicated to physical and mental rehabilitation, which are equipped with modern facilities for the treatment of persons with motor, hearing, sight and mental deficiencies.

He also emphasized the need to endow this multi-dimensional establishment with all material and human means, particularly specialists and educators, stressing the need to offer the best services to the centre’s residents.

The presidential couple showed special interest for the pavilions dedicated to sports and leisure activities, visiting in particular the sports hall, the swimming pool, the sports ground, the health track and the hippo therapy track, all of which are equipped with the necessary facilities for the disabled of different generations and social categories.

The President of the Republic extended his thanks and consideration to all those who contributed to the achievement of this centre, providing his encouragements to the executives of this institution and officials of Basma Association and urging them to make the most of this achievement to serve the disabled, prompt their integration in active life and guarantee its necessary maintenance to preserve this important social achievement .

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.tunisiaonlinenews.com/presidential-couple-inaugurates-basma-centre-for-the-integration-of-disabled/




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Deaf township kids win award

Sowetan
2010/10/25 | Francis Hweshe
Tue Oct 26 02:29:30 SAST 2010

KHAYELITSHA'S Whisper Boat Building Academy for the deaf has won a prestigious international boat-building award.
The prize of about R173 000 will be handed over on November 16 during the Marine Equipment Trading Show in Amsterdam in the Netherlands.

This show is the meeting place of boat builders from around the world.

WBBA founder Peter Jacops said the award was "massive international recognition for the work we are doing here in Khayelitsha".

"Secondly, we are in desperate need of funds," he said. "Last year's recession also affected us, so the money will be well spent. We will use it to extend our curriculum and take on more students.

"We will also invest part of the funds in sourcing and employing interpreters and new teachers as well as introducing more technologies."

Originally from Belgium, Jacops started the academy shortly after arriving in Cape Town six years ago. He tries to employ disabled people.

"Disabled youngsters have an even a bigger problem when it comes to finding work ... that is why they end up weaving baskets. There is nothing wrong with that, but to me it is not enough to empower people.

"A handicap should not prevent one from obtaining a skill or a trade that is in high in demand."

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.sowetanlive.co.za/news/2010/10/25/deaf-township-kids-win-award




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'Learn sign language'

10月26日 Sowetan
2010/10/25 | Dudu Dube
Tue Oct 26 02:41:05 SAST 2010

CIVIL servants need to be trained in sign language to create access for people with hearing disabilities, according to Minister for Women, Children and Persons with Disabilities Noluthando Mayende-Sibiya.
She was addressing hundreds of deaf and disabled delegates at the Zwakala Awards on Friday.

The minister said deaf people were easy targets of abuse for those who know about their disability and hope to exploit the fact that they cannot speak or hear and therefore cannot complain or testify in court.

"There is a secondary obstacle of police officers, medical personnel, social workers and court officials who are not able to communicate with them."

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.sowetanlive.co.za/news/2010/10/25/learn-sign-language




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Disabled join in drive to end road carnage

Sowetan
2010/10/26 | Luzuko Pongoma
Wed Oct 27 04:08:45 SAST 2010

THE City of Johannesburg aims to end the carnage on its roads by embarking on continuous safety campaigns, and have called on the community to join the party.

Joined by people with disabilities arising from road accidents, member of the city's mayoral committee on transport Rehana Moosajee said the senseless road carnage had to end.

Moosajee said: "Road safety is not confined to the festive season. This weekend, 30 people died on the country's roads ... we cannot allow that to continue.

"There is no magic wand to solve the problem, we need to work together.
We cannot have residents digging up roads after one of their own killed a child on the road."

Moosajee said road users had to live by values that included honesty, cooperation, respect, ubuntu and accountability.

She said the media also had a role to play by starting conversations about values of transport.

Disabled People of South Africa's Mzwandile Sibiya lauded the campaign, labelling it "a good step by the city".

"It should not start and end during the festive seasons. People should drive safely all the time."

Sibiya pleaded with road users to be alert and respect each other.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.sowetanlive.co.za/news/2010/10/26/disabled-join-in-drive-to-end-road-carnage




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MVA Fund and DSN to host disabled sport awards

Namibia Sport
Submitted by newsdesk on Tue, 10/26/2010 - 11:47.

Disabled Sport The MVA Fund has donated N$100 000 towards the hosting of the first ever Merit Awards event, which will recognise and honour the sporting achievements of people with disabilities.

The event will be organised in partnership with Disability Sport Namibia (DSN).

The president of DSN, Charles Nyambe said that this is the first time such an event has been held.

“On an annual basis, sports administrators and elite sportsmen and women in Namibia are recognised at the National Sports Awards organised by the Sports Commission. People with disabilities are recognised in only two categories, namely Best Disabled Sportsman of the Year and Best Disabled Sportswoman of the Year,” Nyambe said.

“There is very little understanding of sports for people with disabilities countrywide therefore the need to create awareness through such events,” he continued.

“The National Awards recognise only one category, the elite athletes, while in disability sports, we have several different categories in which athletes who achieve outstanding records in these categories are never recognised,” he added.

“We feel time has come to motivate our population with disabilities for their outstanding achievements at an exclusive DSN awards event.”

Nyambe added that the awards ceremony would become an annual event in order to help educate Namibians about their disabled sports heroes and heroines.

The chief of corporate affairs at the MVA Fund, Stephen Tjiuoro, said that sport should be used to spread the road safety message.

“The MVA has donated N$100 000 towards the hosting of the event and will also provide human resources assistance towards the organisation of the event,” Tjiuoro said.

“We would like to invite corporate Namibia to support the initiative by buying tickets to the event,” he added.

International motivational speaker, Hein Wagner from Cape Town, South Africa will also attend the event and will sponsor a trophy, which will also be given away on the evening.

There are 16 awards, in various categories that will be given out on the evening.

The event will take place on 12 November at the Safari Hotel in Windhoek and tickets will cost N$250 per person.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.namibiasport.com.na/node/14836

【付記2】MVA
http://www.mvafund.com.na/




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Disabled want government help

The New Vision, Uganda
Tuesday, 26th October, 2010
By Dennis Ojwee

PEOPLE living with disabilities in Akwang and Mucwini sub-counties in Kitgum district are asking for agricultural and farming support from the Government to boost their income.

The groups, comprising the deaf, landmine victims, the blind, the physically disabled and those born with various disabilities, said the Government seemed to have forgotten them.

Scola Amito, 16, who heads a family at Bajere subward in Akwang sub-county, said she struggled to cultivate crops to feed her family and sell in order to return to school. She became deaf after a meningitis attack in her infancy.

Amito lost both parents to the meningitis outbreak in Kitgum in 2000.
She dropped out of school while in Primary Three at Kitgum Primary School due to lack of school fees. Lucy Lamaro, 18, a resident of Tuma-Ngur-Omwoda village in Akwang, who is epileptic, applauded the National Union of Disabled Persons・Persons of Uganda for supporting the disabled.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.newvision.co.ug/D/8/16/736207




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Physically-handicapped student is toast of guests

26th October 2010

Fifteen year-old Winifred Teye, a physically-challenged student of Nsoatre Sacred Heart Senior High School in Brong Ahafo, was the toast of the school's ninth speech and prize giving day at the weekend where she collected two prestigious awards.

It was a scene that drew tears from the cheering guests as Ms Teye, the form two boarder, who commutes to classes in a wheel chair, hobbled with a clutch in one hand to the dais and after the difficult climb, a friend stood by her to help in the collection of her prizes.

On the dais, she collected the "best behaved student in the Arts B class" award and the "overall best female student" award and as she turned round to descend, the guest waited with open arms to welcome their new found heroine.

Master Richmond Appiah, assistant prefect of the school, was also adjudged the best all round student for his unique performance in academics, sports, cadet corps, debating and other school activities.

Other deserving students were honoured with awards whilst those who did not receive any were advised not to be discouraged but to work harder.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.businessghana.com/portal/news/index.php?op=getNews&news_cat_id=1&id=136447




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Disabled left in lurch

Sowetan
2010/10/27 | Unathi Obose
Thu Oct 28 01:49:12 SAST 2010

THE Siyazama Educare Centre for Disabled Children in Gugulethu has been left bankrupt after the Western Cape health department stopped funding it.

The centre serves about 40 children aged between 15 months and 18 years.

Despondent principal Nomalanga Mamputa said they received a letter early this year from the department, saying it would not fund the centre anymore.

In April they were given money for 25 children only. "Where did they get the money from, because they said they didn't have money for this year?" Mamputa asked.

After being funded for a decade by the government, the decision to cut funding was a big blow. "Parents still bring their children here, they don't want to stop.

"And what kills me is that I have to pay for food and transport to pick up the children from their homes," she said.

The centre employs 10 members of staff, whose jobs are now in jeopardy.

Mamputa said they were struggling because their only income was R200 a month paid by each parent - some of whom can't even afford that.

Western Cape health department spokesperson Faiza Steyn said the decision to cut funding was made after an inspection team visited the centre five times and found only between 21 and 23 children at the centre, instead of the 53 who were being funded.

"The inspection team ... strongly motivated the department to stop funding for the 2010/2011 financial year," she said.

When Sowetan visited the centre this week there were only 13 children because "the others had been taken for physiotherapy at the Red Cross Hospital".

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.sowetanlive.co.za/news/2010/10/27/disabled-left-in-lurch




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CBRガイドライン

ナイジェリアで行われていた、第4回CBRアフリカネットワーク会議において、発表が待たれていた、CBRガイドラインが開始されました。
10月27日付けのプレスリリースを添付にてお送りします。

また、アジアでの同ガイドライン開始の会議は、11月13日から15日までクアラルンプール(KL)にて行われます。
http://apcbrconvention.cbrnetworkmalaysia.org/

CBRガイドラインのURLはWHOの以下のサイトからご覧ください。
http://www.who.int/disabilities/cbr/en/



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「日本手話学会第36回大会」の開催ご案内

主催 日本手話学会
後援 慶應義塾大学システムデザイン・マネジメント研究科

日本手話学会は、今年も、慶應義塾大学日吉キャンパスにて日本手話学会第36
回大会を行うことになりました。
手話学研究の成果発表・討論の場として年に一度行われるこの大会、みなさんに
もご参加いただきたくここに案内します。

大会テーマは、昨年度は「わかり合える学会のために」であったことを踏まえて、
今年度は「手話コミュニティに還元できる手話研究とは?」に決まりました。大
会会場となる慶應義塾大学日吉キャンパスは、緑に囲まれたすばらしいところで
すので、一見の価値はあると思います。
また、今年はろう者の参加も多く、研究発表内容もさまざまジャンルに富み、聞
き応えがあるものばかりです。
実行委員会も、実行委員長の海野和子をはじめ、多くのろう者が占めていること
も大きな特色になっております。

この大会の事前登録受付は終了しましたが、まだ席に余裕がございますので、参
加を決めていない方は是非お申込みください。
皆さまのご参加をお待ちしております。

日本手話学会第36回大会実行委員会

日程 2010年10月30日(土)〜31日(日)

会場 慶應義塾大学日吉キャンパス 来往舎
神奈川県横浜市港北区日吉4−1−1
http://www.keio.ac.jp/ja/access/hiyoshi.html
(キャンパスマップの【10】校舎です。)
会場の最寄り駅
日吉駅(東急東横線、東急目黒線、横浜市営地下鉄グリーンライン)
※注意 東急東横線の「特急」は日吉駅に停車しません。

大会参加の申込方法
日本手話学会第36回大会ご参加希望の方は、下記の手順でお申し込み下さい。

大会参加費
・日本手話学会正会員 5,000円(1日のみ参加 4,000円)
・日本手話学会非会員 7,000円(1日のみ参加 6,000円)
・学生の方 5,000円(1日のみ参加 4,000円)

大会参加費のお振り込み後、下記事項をご記入のうえ、第36回大会実行委員会
にメールしてください。
syuwa36taikai@gmail.com

<基本情報>
・氏名(ふりがなも付けてください。)
・郵便番号
・住所
・連絡先(Emailアドレス)
・所属名
・日本手話学会の会員種別(会員・非会員)
※該当する項目だけを残してください。
・あなたは(ろう者・難聴者・聴者・その他)
※自己認識にしたがって、該当する項目だけを残してください。
<振込情報>
・参加費を振り込んだ金融機関の名称・支店名
・振込金額


大会プログラム
10月30日(土曜:1日目)
9:30 受付開始
10:00 開会式

10:15〜11:30 講演「私と手話学研究」木村晴美氏
ろう者の言葉である手話を研究すること、それがどう社会に影響していくか、手
話コミュニティのためになる研究とはいかなるものか、木村さんが今まで経験し
たことを踏まえてお話しいただく予定です。
※木村さんは当日アメリカ渡航中のため、現地よりスカイプでアメリカの仲間た
ちとともに生あいさつをいただいた後、ビデオレター方式で講演します。

11:30〜12:30 昼休み
12:30〜16:55 研究発表(以下9本)

1)「手話言語基礎語彙比較対照資料の可視化 〜語彙近似値群の群解析〜」
末森明夫
2)「中間型手話は日本手話と日本語対応手話の「中間」なのか?」
原 大介/黒坂美智代
3)「子どものコーダとろう親のコミュニケーション 〜手話と日本語のバイモ
ダル・バイリンガリズムに着目して〜」
澁谷智子
4)「ELANを用いた手話教材の開発」
南田政浩/松岡和美/矢野羽衣子
5)「日本手話は危機言語化しているか」
岡 典栄
6)「日本手話のアスペクト 〜状況/視点/局面アスペクトとその相互作用
〜」
市田泰弘/赤堀仁美
7)「1950−1960年代の手話データベース構築」
大杉 豊/神田和幸
8)「手話通訳者のスキルサイエンスと対人援助サービスへの応用可能性に関す
る考察」
田中沙織/中園 薫
9)「ろう児の第一言語としての日本手話理解力の評価 〜日本手話の理解力を
評価するために明晴学園で開発した動画による評価方法とその実施〜」
赤堀仁美

18:00〜20:00 懇親会

10月31日(日曜:2日目)
9:00 受付開始
9:20〜12:00 研究発表(以下6本)

1)「手話語彙の形態論的分析」
神田和幸/木村 勉
2)「日本手話における口型の予備的研究」
松岡和美/南田政浩/矢野羽衣子
3)「日本手話とリテラシー 〜「明晴商店街」の活動から見えたこと〜」
榧 陽子
4)「イタリアにおけるバイリンガリズム 〜研究序説〜」
小谷眞男
5)「日本手話における埋め込み構造の予備的研究」
内堀朝子/松岡和美/南田政浩/矢野羽衣子
6)「ケニア手話の言語構造分析序論」
森 壮也/宮本律子/ニクソン・カキリ

12:10〜13:00 昼休み
13:00〜15:00 大会企画(以下2本)

1)「日本手話学会倫理綱領案「手話研究者のあるべき姿について」
田中 紗織
2)「交通事故手話裁判と手話言語学」
原 大介

15:00〜15:20 閉会式
15:30〜16:00 日本手話学会総会
(総会の参加資格は、日本手話学会会員のみとなります。)

大会の詳細は、日本手話学会のウェブサイトをご参照ください。
http://www.jasl.jp/ja/529/


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新刊案内:森壮也編『途上国障害者の貧困削減−−かれらはどう生計を営んでいるのか

(岩波書店、2010年11月2日刊行)
定価6405円(本体6100円)/A5判・上製・240頁

 丹念な調査で得られた多角的データから
 途上国に生きる障害者の現実を浮き彫りにする
 −−貧困削減戦略の再構築をめざして

編者からのメッセージ:

 昨今,日本においても貧困への関心が高まってきている.厚生労働省は2009年
10月,「相対的貧困率」と呼ばれる所得中央値の50%以下の所得しか得ていない
人たちの割合が15.7%(2007年)であると発表した.これはOECD諸国の平均値を
上回る衝撃的な数字である.また一方で,障害者自立支援法をめぐる議論のなか
で,そもそも自立とは何なのか,また障害者も含めた本来あるべき社会のあり方
はどのようなものなのかということについても関心が高まってきている.本書は,
そうした日本の状況とはまた異なる開発途上国の障害者の状況について,統計と
生計を中心に実際のデータを丹念に検証し,検討を積み重ねた成果である.〔中
略〕
 これらの分析全体から得られたのは,「生計を営む主体としての障害者」の具
体像である.障害者は決して,支援や福祉の受け手という単なる受け身の存在で
はない.特に政府財政にゆとりのない開発途上国では,政府からの福祉の支援を
当てにすることはできない.家族や地域のコミュニティからの助力を得ることは
あるにせよ,障害者たちは必死に自力で生計を営んでいる.すなわち,障害を持
つ人たちの経済生活を営む力,稼得能力は筆者たちの想像以上のものがあった.
それと同時に,そうした能力を拡大し,高めるための支援,またエンパワメント
のあり方にはもっと工夫の余地があることも見えてきた.本書の分析を踏まえて,
障害者の持つケイパビリティ発揮のための望ましい政策のあり方を探る必要があ
る.(「あとがき」より)
 
 開発学と障害学が出会ったところから、障害統計、障害生計に迫る中で、途上
国の貧困者の中の相当割合を占めるのにも関わらず国連ミレニアム開発目標でも
不運から漏れた障害者の問題についてのデータに則した実証研究です。ぜひとも
皆様の研究室、図書館で備えて頂ければ幸いです。

【目次】

序章 障害統計と生計 ………………………………………森 壮也…     
                
 はじめに
 第1節 本書の課題と分析方法
 第2節 障害のモデル
 第3節 障害の定義と分類  
   1 国際障害分類の歴史 / 2 障害概念と途上国
 第4節 先進国と開発途上国における障害調査  
   1 米国における障害調査 / 2 障害調査のデザイン/ 3 途上国における障害調査
第5節 障害データの国際比較  
   1 障害データの国際比較の歴史 / 2 世界銀行 / 3 ワシントン・シティ・グループ
 おわりに  

第1章 中国の障害者の生計 ……………………………小林昌之…
−−政府主導による全国的障害調査の分析−−
 はじめに
 第1節 中国の障害統計  
   1 障害統計の位置づけ / 2 調査体制と手順 / 3 調査内容 / 4 障害の定義 / 5 小括
 第2節 障害者の生計実態  
   1 障害者数の概況 / 2 都市・農村人口 / 3 教育状況 / 4 就業状況 / 5 生活収入源 / 6 社会保障 / 7 所得 / 8 小括
おわりに  

第2章 フィリピンの障害者の生計 …………森壮也・山形辰史… 
−−2008年マニラ首都圏障害調査から−−                
 はじめに  59
 第1節 フィリピンにおける障害調査  
   1 フィリピンの障害調査の背景 / 2 過去の調査主体と結果
 第2節 障害インクルーシブな調査  
   1 障害当事者の調査員採用 / 2 アクセシビリティの改善で拡がる当事者の活躍
 第3節 調査結果  
   1 調査対象市の概要 / 2 標本抽出法 / 3 標本の属性 / 4 障害者の生計
 おわりに  

第3章 インドネシアの障害者の生計 …………………東方孝之…
−−教育が貧困削減に果たす役割−−
 はじめに
 第1節 インドネシアの障害統計と先行研究  
   1 Susenasから得られる障害者情報 / 2 Podesから得られる障害者情報
 第2節 障害者の生計−−2006年Susenasから  
   1 障害者比率 / 2 障害者の生計−−障害者は貧しいのか?
 第3節 教育へのアクセスと障害者の厚生水準  
   1 教育水準の向上と厚生水準 / 2 推計結果
 おわりに  

第4章 ベトナムの障害者の生計 ………………………寺本 実…
−−外部環境とのかかわりについての事例調査を通した考察−−
 はじめに
 第1節 ベトナムの障害統計  
   1 人口・地域別分布・年齢 / 2 障害の種類・原因 / 3 教育・仕事・生活
第2節 ベトナムの障害者の「生計」に関する事例研究  
   1 調査地に関する検討 / 2 フィールド調査に基づく考察
 第3節 社会政策・社会行政論に基づく整理,分析  
   1 基礎的概念と分析枠組み / 2 整理と分析
おわりに  

第5章 マレーシアの障害者の生計 …………………久野研二… 
   −−持続的生計アプローチの視点から−−              
          
 はじめに
 第1節 調査方法  
   1 調査の概念的枠組み / 2 調査方法
 第2節 マレーシアの障害分野の概要  
   1 統計 / 2 法律・政策・行政制度 / 3 障害者福祉行政の状況 / 4 障害者の所得貧困をめぐる状況 / 5 障害者の雇用をめぐる状況
第3節 障害者の生計
   1 生計資本資産 / 2 脆弱性 / 3 構造とプロセスの変容−−
    制度・組織・政策 / 4 生計戦略
おわりに  

第6章 タイの障害者の生計 ……………………………福田暁子… 
   −−統計調査とケーススタディから見える全体像−−         
               
 はじめに−−障害者政策の制度的変化
 第1節 タイの障害者の把握  
   1 障害者把握の方法 / 2 障害者登録報告制度に基づくデータ収集 / 3 統計調査
 第2節 ケーススタディに見るタイの障害者の実態  
   1 都市に住む障害者の例 / 2 農村地帯に住む障害者の例 / 3 障害を持つ児童とその家庭のケース(1) / 4 障害を持つ児童とその家庭のケース(2) / 5 障害者の自助団体
 おわりに  

第7章 コートジボワールの障害者の生計 …………亀井伸孝… 
   −−公務員無試験採用制度の達成と課題を中心に−−
 はじめに−−アフリカにおける障害調査の意義
 第1節 現地調査の方法  
   1 調査地と調査期間 / 2 対象と調査法
 第2節 調査結果  
   1 障害者数と国勢調査 / 2 政府機関 / 3 障害者関連法と政策 / 4 障害者公務員無試験採用制度 / 5 学校と教育 / 6 障害当事者団体と諸活動 / 7 個人の生計−−調査票から / 8 個人の生活感覚−−直接観察と自由会話から / 9 そのほかの
トピック
 第3節 考  察  
   1 公務員無試験採用制度の光と影 / 2 アフリカ障害者の生活戦略 / 3 アフリカ社会の特性にかかわる問題群
 おわりに−−アフリカの特性に根ざした「障害と開発」研究  

あとがき  

索  引  

 案内は、以下の岩波書店の新刊案内(7ページ)でもご覧頂けます。
http://www.iwanami.co.jp/topics/annai/annai.pdf
(なお9ページには、同じく新しく出ます岩波ジュニア新書、山形・高橋編『国
際協力って何だろう−現場に生きる開発経済学』も載っております。こちらの本
でも「障害と開発」の章があります)



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【アマゾンを利用してAJFに寄付を!】アフィリエイト報告2010年10月

現在、gCOE生存学創成拠点ウェブサイト内の[amazon]をクリックして購入された本のアフィリエイト・フィーを僕が受け取り、AJFへ寄付する仕組みができています。
このアフィリエイトの仕組みについては、以下を見てください。
 http://www.arsvi.com/b/a.htm
アマゾンを利用される方は、ぜひこの仕組みを活用して、AJFへの寄付につなげてください。

10月は379点、658,213円が対象となり、紹介料は34,584円でした。

今後も、使っているプリンターのトナーやインク、USBメモリー、またコピー用紙などが必要な際にも、以下の利用法を参照して、アフィリエイトにつながる購入をしてもらえるとうれしいです。

10月29日に8月分アフィリエイト・フィー31,336円を受領し、AJF口座へ振込みました。

昨年度は、以下のように45万円をこえる寄付につながりました。

2009年4月〜2010年3月 4,703点 458,695円(2008年4月〜2009年3月は 393,880円)


アマゾンを利用する際に、以下のいずれかの手順を踏んでもらえると、上記の寄付につがなります。

1)gCOE生存学創成拠点ウェブサイト、もしくは僕のウェブサイトにある本のリストから本を選びアマゾンを利用する。
 gCOE生存学創成拠点ウェブサイト http://www.arsvi.com
 僕のサイト http://www.asahi-net.or.jp/~ls9r-situ

 ※上記いずれかを「お気に入り」もしくは「ブックマーク」登録されると、アフィリエイト利用が簡単になります。

2)gCOE生存学創成拠点ウェブサイト内上記のアフィリエイト説明ページ、僕のウェブサイトの各ページにあるアマゾンへのリンクからアマゾンへ入って、本、DVD、CD、PCおよび周辺機器、日用品などを購入する

3)メーリングリスト、mixiで僕が本と一緒に紹介するアマゾンへのリンクを利用する

10月に紹介した本

途上国障害者の貧困削減――かれらはどう生計を営んでいるのか
森壮也編 岩波書店 定価6405円(本体6100円)/A5判・上製・240頁 2010年
11月2日刊行
http://www.amazon.co.jp/exec/obidos/ASIN/4000257935/ryospage03-22

機会があれば手に取って読んで欲しい本。
講談社の本なので、大きな本屋のドキュメンタリー・コーナーにあると思います。

カニは横に歩く 自立障害者たちの半世紀
角岡伸彦著 講談社 2310円
http://www.amazon.co.jp/exec/obidos/ASIN/4062164086/ryospage03-22

印象に残った記述と連想です。

○26人在住の寮で、豊川悦司ともう一人以外、全員を介護に入れた関西学院大生
著者の3年上の同じ大学の学生は、住んでいた寮のほぼ全員を障害者介護に導いています。
関東でも、いくつかの大学の寮の特定の部屋、学生会館のいくつかのサークルの周辺では、ほぼどうようのことがありました。
現に、僕が顔をあわせてきた介助者の半分以上は、そうやって介助をするようになった学生たちでした。
3年前、そういうシステムを創りだした人間たちの一人を偲ぶ会に参加したCP者が、昔、介助に来てた連中と、久々の再会を確認していました。
件の関西学院大生は、介護に誘うのと引き換えに三里塚に行ったそうです。
寮や学生会館に集まっていた学生たちの所属先はさまざまなで、また、主として関わっていた運動も障害者運動ではなかっただろうと思います。

○大学の近くに住んだ障害者たち
姫路近辺に生まれ育ち、地元の養護学校を出た障害者たちが、神戸、西宮へ移り住んだことが記されています。
姫路よりも大学生が多い、神戸大学、関西学院大学には、障害者を授業に招く教員もいるということで、大学が近く学生が集まりやすいところに移り住んだわけです。
1970年代から80年代にかけては、同じようなことがあちこちで起きたんだなと、改めて感じました。
東京の方が介助者集めがしやすい、東京でも池袋周辺や西武新宿線沿線など近くに大学があり学生がたくさん住んでいるところに移り住む、という事例をいくつも見ました。
何年間か、椎名町駅から歩いて徒歩10分圏内に3人の自立障害者が住んでいました。最初に住んでいた人は、後から移り住む人がいるのをあまり快く思わなかったらしと聞いたことも思い出してしまいました。

どうぞよろしく。



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Nominations for disabled postponed

The New Vision, Uganda
Tuesday, 2nd November, 2010
By Joyce Namutebi

THE Electoral Commission has postponed the nominations for persons with disability (PWDs) candidates for local government councils.
The commission's chairperson, Dr. Badru Kiggundu, said this was because the National Union of Disabled Persons (NUDIPU) had not yet submitted the current list of its committee members, who form electoral colleges from village to district level.
A new programme, he said, would be announced soon.
Hellen Asamo, the NUDIPU deputy director, said they were consulting the members.
As soon as we get the full register, we shall send it to the Electoral Commission, she assured.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.newvision.co.ug/D/8/13/736912




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Jinja disabled kids get surgery

The New Vision, Uganda
Tuesday, 2nd November, 2010
By Jackie Nambogga

ABOUT 60 children with disabilities were operated on during a two-week medical camp at Jinja Hospital.
The camp was organised by the Uganda Society for Disabled Children and the Jinja Network of Parents Support.
Dolorence Were, the society monitoring and evaluation officer, said the camp, which ran from October 17 to 29, benefited children below 18 years.
She disclosed that the society had established an orthopaedic team to monitor the patients to ensure proper healing.
Katherine Tucker, who solicited the $150,000 (about sh3b) that facilitated the camp, warned parents against discriminating against children with disabilities.
Tucker, a former assistant head teacher at Gayaza High School, observed that many children in Uganda were suffering from disabilities that can be corrected, adding that she started fundraising for the camp in December last year.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.newvision.co.ug/D/8/17/736901




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Museveni to grace Jinja disabled race

The New Vision, Uganda
Wednesday, 10th November, 2010

PRESIDENT Yoweri Museveni will preside over the first edition of Jinja Voice of Disabled for Africa marathon games that will take place at Main Street Primary School in Jinja December 11.

Over 80 participants countrywide have confirmed participation in the one-day event that will have them compete in tri -cycling, wheel-chair race, short 10m race and football.

Tororo Cement, NWSC and Nokia disco sound are some of the companies that have confirmed to sponsor event.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.newvision.co.ug/D/8/30/737785




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Museveni mourns former MP Mwandha

Uganda People News
11 Nov. 2010

President Museveni has today mourned former legislator, James Mwandha who died on Wednesday morning at Mulago hospital.

The president says Mwandha was suave, bright and debonair whom the country has missed.

Museveni says the deceased served Uganda with all his heart and dedication. The deceased held several senior positions in the Uganda Public Service.

Mwandha from 1989 to 2006 served as a Member of Parliament in Uganda, representing People with Disabilities and chaired several Parliamentary Committees.

The deceased was instrumental in initiating legislation for the protection of rights of Disabled Persons in Parliament. He was also the former chairperson of the Commonwealth Disabled Peoples Forum made up of Disabled People’s Organizations in the 53 Commonwealth Countries.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.ugpulse.com/articles/daily/news.asp?about=Museveni+mourns+former+MP+Mwandha+&ID=16564




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Uganda disability movement mourns Mwandha

Uganda People News
11 Nov. 2010

Uganda National Action on Physical Disability has mourned the demise of the former MP, James Mwandha.
The deceased has been the chairperson of Uganda National Action for Physical Disability. He died on Wednesday November 10, 2010, at Mulago Hospital.
There will be a Funeral Service at All Saints Church, Nakasero on Friday November 12th, 2010, at 10am.
Burial will be on Sunday November 14, 2010, at 1:00pm at Namunyumya village, Busembatya, Iganga District in Busoga kingdom.
Direction to the burial: Namunyumya village is about 1km from Busembatya on Tirinyi Road (Iganga-Mbale), or people can ask anybody about Mwandha’s place anywhere from Busembatya.
May his Soul Rest in Eternal Peace!

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.ugpulse.com/articles/daily/news.asp?about=Uganda+disability+movement+mourns+Mwandha+&ID=16571




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Disability and rehabilitation

The Swazi Observer 13 November, 2010 12:07:00 with Buyie Masuku

Rehabilitation is the word used to describe ways of helping people with disabilities to become fully participating members of society, with access to all the benefits and opportunities of that society.

This means that people with disabilities have access to such benefits as early childhood development opportunities, education and training opportunities, job opportunities and community development programmes.

Rehabilitation services have traditionally been neglected in the country.

Predominantly based within health sector, with the department of social welfare, education and home affairs carrying some rehabilitation related programmes, these services tend to be fragmented and uncoordinated. This is due mainly to the lack of a comprehensive national inter-sectoral rehabilitation policy which is needed for the benefit of people with disabilities so that they can live independently.

The social model of disability proposes a more central role for people with disabilities in the planning, development, implementation and monitoring of rehabilitation services. There will, in other words, shift in power away from professionals towards people with disabilities.

To achieve its aims, the rehabilitation process requires a number of supportive services, but its impetus must come from community action and involvement. Community based rehabilitation should, therefore, form the basis of the national rehabilitation strategy.

Access to appropriate rehabilitation services for people with disabilities can make the difference between leading an isolated and economically dependent life and leading an economically independent life and playing an active role in society. These can, therefore, be achieved by working towards policy objectives which are:

n To enable people with disabilities to reach and maintain their optimal physical, sensory, intellectual, psychiatric, and/or social functional levels.

n To provide people with disabilities with the tools to change their lives and to give them a greater degree of independence.

n To prevent secondary disabilities or to reduce the extent of disability.

n To take into account the specific needs of different disability groupings.

There are a number of rehabilitation strategies that can be used which may include the following:

g The appropriate personnel training of people involved in rehabilitation services is a core component of a national inter-sectoral rehabilitation. The training should be understood in its widest sense and should include general training, further training and in-service training, specialised training, retraining and re-orientation, as well as induction courses for personnel not directly involved in the rehabilitation process.

There is, therefore, a need for a inter-sectoral collaboration since rehabilitation is a cross-sectroral issue. And the major stakeholders in this area are health, welfare, education and labour together with Disabled People’s Organisation (DPOs) and NGOs. It is crucial that services should be developed in collaboration with all relevant sectors in order to see the impact. The planning, monitoring and evaluation of services must be done with the full participation of people with disabilities and parents of children with disabilities, in which the DPOs and parent organisations form a focal point for inter-sectoral collaboration at local level.

Rehabilitation can be provided in a number of contexts. However, rehabilitation services should, wherever possible, be provided within the existing health, education, social welfare and labour structures.

This helps ensure the participation by people with disabilities in regular community activities. Where this is not achievable, one stop services stations should be developed at district regional level in rural areas.

There are a number of rehabilitation processes which include:

g Medical
Medical rehabilitation is an essential part of the rehabilitation process which involves detailed and timely diagnosis and a whole range of specialised treatments and appropriate techniques. Medical rehabilitation may occur within the primary health delivery system, and as specialist services within the secondary and tertiary health service delivery system.

g Psychological
Psychological rehabilitation focuses on mental health and is used to assist people with brain injuries and/or psychiatric illness.

g Educational
Educational rehabilitation is a component of education supports services.

g Vocational
The ILO Convention 159 (1983) and 168 (1983) provide extensive guidelines for the development of vocational rehabilitation services.

Vocational rehabilitation should be aimed at people with disabilities whose prospects of securing and retaining employment are substantially reduced as a result of their disabilities, but who have reasonable prospects of securing and retaining suitable employment.

g Social
Social rehabilitation focuses on social functioning.

g Assistive Devices
Assistive/rehabilitation technology enables individuals with disabilities to participate on equal terms. If people with disabilities are to access their rights and responsibilities and participate in society as equal citizens, they must have access to appropriate and affordable assistive devices.

On the other hand, assistive devices can be divided into the following categories. They may enhance the following:
n Mobility
n Communication
n Daily living

So, without access to these devices, people with disabilities endure:

Prolonged periods of hospitalisation (as independence is not promoted) and remain dependent for longer periods.

Continue to be accommodated in segregated “special institutions where they are cared for.

Continue to experience great difficulties in securing rights to:
n Education
n Employment
n Health
n Sports and Recreation
n Transport.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.observer.org.sz/index.php?news=17856




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Boy shows that disability is not inability

The Zimbabwe Standard
Saturday, 13 November 2010 19:44

MUNASHE Chikuvanyanga (15), a grade six pupil at King George IV Children Centre in Bulawayo’s Ascot suburb, can neither walk properly nor use his hands effectively.

He also does not have a wheelchair to aid mobility.

Since his hands are “weak”, Munashe, a first born in a family of three, uses his feet for both eating and writing.

“My life is very difficult and so unbearable,” he said. “I am not able to walk properly and I am not even able to play with friends as they will be moving around.”

“A wheelchair would make life so much easier for me because l would be able to move around just like any other kids.”

King George IV is a special school for the disabled with an enrolment of 289 students. However, the majority of the children are in need of wheelchairs and are also struggling to pay schools fees.

Munashe’s parents are among those battling to raise school fees at the beginning of every term.

His father is a teacher by profession and like most civil servants, who earning on average US$175 a month, meeting Munashe’s daily needs is a mammoth task.

“We pay US$200 per term and US$45 tuition and in most cases my parents face a tough time in paying these fees,” Munashe said.

Munashe is one of the hundreds of children with disabilities who are facing many difficulties to attain education. One of Munashe’s teachers, Tyson Chimonero, confirmed that a lot of parents of children with disabilities were facing challenges in raising fees.

He said a lot of children with disabilities did not attend school, making their future look very bleak.

“Most parents are failing to pay fees for their children as most of them come from poor families and it’s not easy for them to raise the money,” said Chimonero.

“If these children are given an opportunity to learn they will excel as some of them are more intelligent than able bodied children,”said Chimonero, who added that most of them cannot afford buying school uniforms or decent food.

He called on government to intervene by providing resources to ensure that the disabled children are not further disadvantaged.

Chimonero also urged parents with children with disabilities to desist from hiding them.

“Some parents with disabled children make sure that the community does not know that they have disabled children,” said Chimonero. “A disabled child is often hidden and does not get the chance to interact with other children.”

He added: “These children are being abused and there is no one to raise their concerns. As a nation we need to understand that these children have the right to education, shelter and every other right entitled to able-bodied children.”

The school music teacher Prudence Mabhena, whose life story was told in a documentary that won an Oscar award recently, said that all people are equal and they must be treated the same.

“Everyone was born with disabilities, the only difference is that some are hidden and some are not and therefore there is no need for people to look down upon people with disabilities,” she said.

Mabhena said nothing can stop a disabled person from excelling in life.

She was however quick to point out that discriminating against disabled people was still rife in communities and workplaces.

“When job hunting, the moment the manager notices that you are in a wheelchair, he will not even look at your CV and automatically rules you out, which is very cruel, we need to be given the chance,” she said.

She said many buildings were not accessible to people with disabilities making their lives very difficult.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.thestandard.co.zw/local/27357-boy-shows-that-disability-is-not-inability.html




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Employ people with disabilities - Xingwana

BuaNews Online
Compiled by the Government Communication and Information System
Date: 14 Nov 2010
--------------------

Pretoria - Minister for Women, Children and Persons with Disabilities Lulu Xingwana has called on the private sector to employ people with disabilities, saying it makes business sense.

Speaking at the launch of Disability Month in Midrand, the minister expressed concern that the target of employing two percent of people with disability has not been reached.

Xingwana also launched the Disability Awareness Campaign at Tumelo Home for Mentally and Physically Handicapped Children, which aims to raise awareness about the challenges and highlight key interventions for protection of rights of people with disabilities.

The campaign will run up the International Day for Persons with Disabilities on 3 December which will be commemorated in a Disability Summit to be held in Bloemfontein.

The minister said it was important to raise awareness about people with disabilities so that their issues would be taken into consideration in community initiatives.

Xingwana expressed concern about challenges facing of children with severe disabilities who are not enrolled in facilities because of space limitations. She will be interacting with the Department of Education, Health, Social Development and other relevant Departments to find solutions to this challenge. - BuaNews

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.buanews.gov.za/news/10/10111414151001




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Eritrea: Association of War-Disabled Veterans Extends Support to Members

AllAfrica.com
14 November 2010

Asmara - In line with the effort to enhance the capacity of its members, the Eritrean National Association of War-disable Veterans distributed 70 electric water pumps and 13 mills among members.

Speaking at the occasion, the Chairman of the Association, Mr. Gebrebirhan Eyasu, pointed out that the assistance is aimed at enabling members to become self-supporting, and commended the contribution of the Ministry of Agriculture and Defense Ministry in making the program a success. He then called on the beneficiaries to make utmost use of the available underground water resources to improve their living standard.

The beneficiaries received 70 water pumps and 70 others were given mills in groups.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201011150010.html




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Bicycle project bolsters disabled

New Era

KEETMANSHOOP - A bicycle project sponsored by the Bicycle for Empowerment Network (BEN) Namibia in Keetmanshoop is providing jobs to people with disabilities who otherwise would not have been able to find work.

The Duweltjie Bicycle Shop (‘duweltjie’ is an Afrikaans word for thorn) is run by four disabled people - two of whom are wheelchair bound - since December 2009 after a generous donation of 350 bicycles from Canada through BEN Namibia, which gave them a container from where to operate from.

Before the project opened its doors for business, the group went on a training workshop in bicycle repairs for more than a month. After that, they underwent a month’s training in management.

>From the initial donation, they gave away 30 bicycles to assist other people with disabilities, and the rest were sold.

>From then on, said chairperson of the group Lydia Motinga, business has been brisk.

In the second phase of the project, they sold 250 and again 130 bicycles.

But all was not always plain sailing. Despite the fact that the container stands on a Government premise of the Ministry of Health and Social Services, an area guarded by 24-hour security services, they have had to endure recurrent break-ins and large losses.

But they soldier on, emphasised Motinga.

“There is a huge demand for our bikes because our prices are far less than what you would find at shops. We also repair the bikes and sell parts at reduced costs,” she said.

Because the owners of the project are frail due to their disabilities, they have a number of volunteers, mostly consisting of young and unemployed men, who assist them with repairs and other jobs required around the container.

The volunteers do not get an allowance, but each is entitled to one bicycle after a month’s work.

The project has become financially strong, enough to make donations to other organisations.

It gives 10 percent of its income to the Disability Resource Centre (DRC) at Kronlein in aid of programmes for the disabled, and made donations of N$3 000 to a sports club for disabled and N$1 000 drug and alcohol prevention work being done in the communities of Kronlein and Tseiblaagte.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.newera.com.na/article.php?articleid=14020




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Toilet for classroom

11月15日 Nation Online

Disabled students at Namiwawa Primary School, which is located along Presidential Drive in Malawi’s commercial city of Blantyre, are refusing to use an old toilet turned into a resource centre because their friends scorn them.

However, while admitting that the room was once a toilet, the school administration said that was a long time ago and that the room was turned into an office before the disabled pupils occupied it as a resource centre.

Federation of Disability Organisations in Malawi (Fedoma) public relations officer Pamela Juma said on Thursday her organisation was tipped off by a teacher who was invited to participate in a radio programme, Firelight which aims at promoting the rights of disabled children to education.

"This teacher told us that Namiwawa Primary School has introduced a resource centre for pupils with disabilities but it poses a health risk to the children because it is housed in an old toilet," she said.

Juma said after following up on the issue, it was discovered that even the children with disabilities were refusing to utilise the resource centre because they were aware it was a toilet before.

"The children were saying they cannot learn in a toilet and in fact, they were saying their friends laugh at them for learning in a toilet.

So, they would rather be outside. In fact, one can tell from the smell that it was a toilet.

"We discussed the issue with the head teacher who was at first denying that it was a toilet but later accepted. He said the school would either close the resource centre down or the children should continue learning there because they were very few," she said.

However, Juma said after reasoning with him on the importance of the resource centre to the children with disabilities, the head teacher said the school would look for another room.

"We followed up after a month but nothing had changed. The resource centre was still in the same room. We had a meeting with teachers, parents and school management to sensitise them to respect the rights of the children with disabilities," said Juma.

"We never believed that a school with such a good reputation could reach that extent. We thought they looked largely at the number of students than the plight of these children with disabilities," she said.

Elius Bereton Idi, head teacher of the school, said the decision to allocate the room was made after considering that there were only four disabled pupils at that time.

"It is true that the room was a toilet but it should be a very long time ago, maybe over 40 years have passed, because what I hear is that it was used as a toilet when the school was still in the hands of Asians," said Idi.

He confirmed that officials from Fedoma visited the school on April 4 this year and raised the issue of the room being too small to be used as a resource centre.

"But as I have said, this room was being used as an office for sometime before we allocated it to the pupils considering that they were only four. But now, we have turned a big classroom into a resource centre as you have seen," he said.

The head teacher took the Nation on Sunday reporter to both the new resource centre with a flat entrance for easy access by wheelchairs and the condemned one which still has toilet size window panes and plumbing works visible. A smell still emanates as evidence of the room’s former use.

Early this year, the Nation on Sunday reported a school in Zomba which asked parents to be accompanying their disabled children to class because many of the rooms were not accessible to the students.

Currently, a draft Disability Bill is currently at the Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.nationmw.net/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9363:toilet-for-classroom&catid=119:national-news&Itemid=125




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Aloisius gets Most Inspirational Athlete Award at DSN ceremony

Namibia Sport
Disabled Sports Namibia
Submitted by newsdesk on Sun, 11/14/2010 - 19:31. Disabled Sports Namibia

Athlete Martin Aloisius was on Friday night voted as the Most Inspirational Athlete at the inaugural Disability Sports Namibia (DSN) Merit Awards that were held in Windhoek.

Alosius received the inaugural Hein Wagner Trophy for the Most Inspirational athlete as a result of a vote that was conducted during the evening.

The sprinter was also the male recipient for the Spirit of Disability award while 12 year old Liami Uutoni was the female recipient for the award.

A total of 16 disabled athletes were the recipients of the eight merit awards that were handed out during the evening.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.namibiasport.com.na/taxonomy/term/672




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新刊案内 Deaf around the World The Impact of Language

世界のろう者に関する研究書がオックスフォードから出ました。

Gaurav Mathur and Donna Jo Napoli, eds., Deaf around the World The Impact of Language, Oxford University Press

先進国だけでなく、ニカラグァ、タイ、中国、南アフリカ、インドなど多くの
国々について書かれています。ろう社会や手話の問題など扱っているテーマも
様々です。

私も日本のろう社会についてカレン・ナカムラの書いたものへのコメント論文を
寄せています。

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://oup.com/us/catalog/general/subject/Linguistics/?view=usa&sf=toc&ci=9780199732548




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Visually impaired students at Nazarene College in 2011

The Swazi Observer
15 November, 2010 11:27:00 By Sibonginkosi Mamba

THE Nazarene Teacher Training College will from next year admit visually impaired students.

Principal, Samariah Mbingo said they have been intending to do this for a while now but the major set back was the lack of a lecturer who is to teach such students.

Mbingo, however, said now they have such a lecturer. “As long as they meet the entry requirements, they will be admitted from next year,” she said.

The lecturer, Jomo Thwala, confirmed that he would be teaching visually impaired students next year. Thwala said the country was lagging behind in this aspect because some countries in the SADC region started teaching such students long ago. “A visually impaired teacher will be in a better position to easily pass the message to such children because he understands and has Braille skills,” Thwala added. He hoped that the college would make the entry requirements friendly to admit visually impaired students.

“Such students need to have entry requirements that are friendly and considerable to them because somehow they are disadvantaged which limits their potential”, he said. Presently Mbasheni Primary School in the Hhohho region teaches visually impaired children.

However, despite the basic education they get from schools it was difficult for them to proceed with their tertiary education because there was no college with special lecturers for them.

When reached for comment Minister of Education and Training, Wilson Ntshangase, said if Nazarene would do that, they would be very happy as a ministry.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.observer.org.sz/index.php?news=17880




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Society told to encourage disabled people to voluntary activity

AngolaPress - 2010年11月15日

Luanda - The chairperson of the Angolan Federation of Disabled People's Associations (FAPED), Silva Lopes Etiambulo Agostinho, Monday in Launda called on the society to encourage the handicapped people to participate in the voluntary activities held in the favour of the country's development.

Silva Lopes Etiambulo, who was speaking to the press under the commemoration of the world disabled people's day, on 3 December, said the sensitization work requires contribution of all Angolan citizens.

Therefore, he urged the associations in charge of wellbeing of disabled people to start, right now, developing the activities with a view to create a spirit of productivity and encourage their members to the academic training.

The programme of the Angolan Federation of Disabled People (FAPED) related to the World Disabled People's Day comprises lectures, playing draughts and cards as well as visit to some mass media organs.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.portalangop.co.ao/motix/en_us/noticias/sociedade/2010/10/46/Society-told-encourage-disabled-people-voluntary-activity,79ee390d-1514-4d1d-8f01-f97bf6e312a7.html




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Museveni to preside over Voice of Disabled for Africa

Uganda Sports News
First published: 20101115 3:44:16 AM EST

The presidential candidate of the National Resistance Movement (NRM), Gen. Yoweri Museveni will on December 11th, 2010 preside over the first edition of the Voice of Disabled for Africa marathon games.

The venue for the games is the Main Street Primary School in Jinja.

Hundreds of participants from across the country have registered to participate in the one-day event.

The participants will show case their talents in football, tri -cycling, wheel-chair race and short 10m race.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.ugpulse.com/articles/daily/news.asp?about=Museveni+to+preside+over+Voice+of+Disabled+for+Africa&ID=16617




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Disabled persons in South Sudan call for inclusion in referendum processes

Sudan Tribune
Tuesday 16 November 2010
By Julius N. Uma

November 14, 2010 (JUBA) - The Government of Southern Sudan should step up efforts to ensure that the disabled and visually impaired persons in the region fully participate in the January referendum on self- determination, a one-day workshop, organized by the Deng Foundation resolved last week.

Daniel Deng, Executive Director of Deng Foundation (L) with some members from various organizations within Central Equatoria state during the workshop, Juba, November 12, 2010 (ST) While speaking during the pre-voters registration kick-off ceremony, Daniel Deng, the foundation’s Executive Director decried what he described as deliberate attempts by sections of society to not include disabled persons and those who are visually impaired in major democratic processes.

“It is our mandate to continue reminding people that disability is not inability. The disabled and visually impaired persons need to be actively involved in the forthcoming referendum process, but this can only be possible if they are also included in the various democratic processes it entails,” Deng said.

Citing statistics from the Ministry of Health in the southern government, Deng estimated the number of disabled and visually impaired persons to be about 1.5 million people, although other sources say the figure to be slightly higher. The Deng Foundation Executive Director further appealed to the various UN agencies and other members of the international community to demonstrate willingness in assisting persons with disabilities.

Series of concerns were also raised during the workshop; especially those experienced during Sudan’s April general elections. The majority of participants in the workshop complained of either being duped or forced to vote for candidates who were not of their choices.

James Ocan, a disabled person said that polling centers should be created that can easily be accessed by persons with disabilities in the forthcoming referendum.

Attendees resolved to lobby for the formation of a disability rights action network, an entity which they argued would champion and address the challenges being faced by the disabled and visually impaired persons in the semi-autonomous region.

The one-day workshop, funded by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) through its basket fund administered by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), attracted over nearly 10 different organizations from Central Eqautoria State.

The basket fund, estimated to the tune of $58m is a pooled contribution from the Netherlands, United Kingdom, Japan, Canada, Norway, the European Union, Sweden, Denmark, France and Australia, has been earmarked for support to the Southern Sudan referendum project.

The Deng Foundation describes itself as a non-profit making organization operating exclusively for educational, cultural and scientific purposes with three-year mission to use dialogues, campaigns and concerts as a means to entertain, educate and mobilize the masses for a national cause.

(ST)

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article36937




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Volta deaf call for LI

The Volta Region branch of the Ghana National Association of the Deaf (GNAD) has appealed to the government to help ensure that the passage of the Act on Persons with Disability, Act715 of 2006, is passed into a Legislative Instrument (LI) for its implementation for the total benefit of the disadvantaged in the society.

The Volta Regional President of GNAD, Mr. Maxwell Dzadey, who made the appeal at a press conference in Ho over the weekend, stressed that the absence of the LI to legitimise the use of sign language that would be recognised by the public as the natural language of the deaf, remained a major challenge to their survival.

Mr. Dzadey noted that the inability of the government to pass the LI had led to the situation where deaf persons in the country had been undermined in various ways, because the deaf person had the same rights as other Ghanaians, but due to the communication barrier, they were almost sidelined and marginalised.

He continued that there was the need for the government to ratify the United Nation Conventions on the rights of persons with disabilities, of which Ghana was one of the first countries in the world to sign, in order to create the necessary opportunities for people with disabilities to benefit from the numerous prospects available.

Mr. Dzadey said the deaf in society were socially, economically, politically and spiritually isolated, due to the communication barrier, noting also that the standard of education of the deaf was very low, job openings were almost non-existent, and stressed the importance of the government assisting them for the public to appreciate the vital role the deaf could play in national development.

The Volta President of the Deaf called on the government to ensure that sign language was recognised as an official language, to enable it become an acceptable language for service providers like doctors, nurses, the police, the courts, banks, as well as the media, to learn sign language, in order to address the communication problems between them and the deaf.

Mr. Dzadey pointed out the need for government to train more sign language interpreters, who would train the service providers and interpret for the deaf in the communities, adding that it was important for the Ministry of Education to pay attention to deaf students in higher institutions who were facing difficulties, because of the absence of sign language interpreters.

He further appealed to the Special Education Division to pay critical attention to the teaching and effective use of sign language in schools for the deaf, as well as attract the interest of parents of deaf children, so they take more interest in learning the sign language to help reduce the frustrations of deaf children.

'We want to place on record that the disability or deafness, which unfortunately, is difficult to comprehend, has psychological, physiological and sociological effects on the personality of the individual, and the recognition of the sign language, would be a big relief to the deaf community. We must not forget that every hearing person is a potential deaf person.'

Mr. Dzadey stressed the need for all television stations in the country to use sign language in their programmes, to allow greater participation of deaf people in television programmes, and that sign language teaching centers be established to train parents, as well as personnel in deaf schools, in sign language.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.modernghana.com/news/303701/1/volta-deaf-call-for-li.html




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How to rehabilitate 1.2m visually imparied Nigerians-Ophthalomologist

When was the last time you went for an eye test to determine your eye health? No doubt, the answer from many will be, “I have not done so for a long time.” Although, this may may be the reality, medical experts recommend eye test, at least once a year for individuals to promote sight, prevent eye diseases and check blindness. In this interview with journalists during the 2010 World Sight Day, Dr. Olufisayo Aribaba, consultant ophthalmologist at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Idiaraba, Lagos, highlights major causes of blindness, steps to prevent them, how to rehabilitate blind patients, among others. APPOLONIA ADEYEMI was there. Excerpts:

WHat is the prevalence of blindness in Nigeria?

Prevalence of blindness all over the world is high, especially in poor resource environments like ours. In developing countries including Nigeria, majority of the causes of blindness is preventable. In order words, people are going blind needlessly in the sense that a lot of children go blind because of measles and this can be prevented with Immunisation. In other words, if a child is immunised, it is not likely that that child will have measles.

Similarly, a lot of children are going blind because of vitamin A deficiency. A lot of children are going blind because of harmful harmful eye medicine, whereby people put urine, breast milk, herbs into their children’s’ eyes and of course, most of the time they go blind from that. So, the World Sight Day, celebrated every second Thursday in October is an opportunity for us to create awareness so that people will know that majority of blindness are preventable or avoidable or at least treatable.

Occasionally, diabetes is a leading cause of blindness in developed countries.

You said diabetes is the leading cause of blindness. Which is the number one leading cause of blindness?

Globally, cataract is still number one leading cause of blindness and that is what we are looking for today. Our hope and aim is to make sure that we get and eradicate as many cataracts as possible and try and offer the patients free surgery so that, at least they can see. If we can achieve that, then that, perhaps may discourage a lot of our patients who still subject themselves to traditional eye treatment.

A lot of our patients will still go and have couching done. Couching is a form of traditional treatment that was very popular many years ago. It was made popular in India by a man called Susuta. What they do is that they just pick a sharp needle and push the lens into the vitreous, which is at the back of the eye. And because the lens protein is toxic to the eye, in a matter of time, the patient will go blind.

The painful thing is that unlike us who sit down in the hospitals with our ties, waiting for patients to come, the couchers move from one community to another. They move from one house to the other. Majority of them are well verse in the Holy Quoran. So, they can recite the Quran very well. So, to a faithful Muslim, if you hear somebody reciting the Quran or to a good Christian, if you hear somebody reciting the Holy Verses, you assume the person is okay. So, majority of people subject themselves to these people. The painful thing is that when they do it the first time and the patient goes blind, they gladly offer the second eye because most of the time, the bad outcome of their surgery is blamed on witchcraft. As far as they are concerned, there is somebody behind it. And you know, in Africa, the psychology of our people is that a rain will not fall except somebody wants him to fall. So, that is the major problem. A lot of people are going for couching.

At the last Nigeria National blindness and Vision Impairment Survey that was done between 2005 and 2007, it was discovered that the couchers are busier than eye doctors. You will be amased that it (couching activities) are on the news.

Another problem is that if you listen to the radio, most of them will be giving advertisement to these couchers.But as a professionals, I cannot go on radio and start advertising that patients should come to LUTH or come to anywhere. It is unethical. The media drives and fuels this ignorance to the extent that couchers have more demands than they can cope with. They get more cataract patients than they can cope with. And by the time the patients get to us, most of the time, it is too late because once couching had been done, that is the end of eye. No matter what you do, the chance of salvaging that eye is very slim.

What is the main purpose of the world sight day?

The aim is to create awareness, at least to make a call to the federal government that without a Prevention of Blindness Directorate in the Federal Ministry of Health and the replication of the same in all states of the country, we will still be in the dark. Lagos State has been at the forefront because as at now, Lagos State has a Directorate for Prevention of Blindness and may be some other states in the southwest, but the truth of the matter is that the federal government should take the lead. If you go to the Federal Ministry of Health now, the Prevention of Blindness Department is only a unit under a director and that means that there is no budgetary line.

Secondly, they are not really relevant because they are going to be subsumed. In other departments where they are, there are other needs like malaria, HIV, etc. So the prevention of blindness per say is not really given that prominent position.

Another purpose of the World Sight Day is to tell Nigerians that it is better for them to come to the hospitals and that they should be wary when they see people moving from one place to another in the communities, trying to do something to their eyes.

Most importantly, it is also to encourage our parents who have children that are blind not to luck them up in their homes because sometimes, our parents assume that those children cannot amount to anything. But you and I know that there are blind journalists, blind lawyers and they are doing well. So, blindness itself is not the end of the world.

A lot of these blind children can be rehabilitated. There are good schools like the the Paceli School for the Blind and they are doing well. There are other schools all over the country in Ogun State, Oyo State, and others. Also, we have visual rehabilitation centers for people who are visually disabled like in Oshodi for example. There is a visual rehabilitation center that is being managed by Nigerian Society for the Blind and they are doing beautifully well.

There is another Visual Rehabilitation Center in the Nigeria Air Force in Ikeja. They are also doing beautifully well. Nobody knows tomorrow. There are adults who are well sighted. They just wake up and discover that they can’t see again or some people, following armed robbery attack, lose the two eyes. So, you may have somebody who is an accountant, an architect, etc who was sighted before, suddenly, after the misfortune of life becomes blind. They can still go on with their trade/career.

So, in these rehabilitation centers, these people with visual impairment are trained on how to work, how to rely on the White Stick. It is this White Stick that will take over the function of the eye and give them the enablement to feel the road as well as cross the road. When you see them with the White Stick, you know that that person is blind and usually, a car should stop for them to pass. Even though, our walk ways are not well designed for the disabled, the cars should stop for them to pass and other Nigerians can assist them to cross the road. But the most important thing is that our media should show a lot of cataract surgeries so that people can appreciate what it means.

What is the impact of glaucoma?

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in Nigeria. Glaucoma blindness is irreversible most of the time. Once a patient is blind from glaucoma, there is nothing we can do. The nerves of the eye is destroyed, the patient’s vision is gone and it is really a problem.

How many time have you heard? Somebody will tell you that “I was seeing before, but somebody pointed his finger in my face with the charm ring and I became blind.” Often, that may be due to glaucoma because it not impossible for somebody who can see, to enter a plane in Nigeria and then get to London, get down from the aircraft and not be able to see.

The implication of that is that in America, if you want to get a driver’s license, you want to do insurance, you are being examined. If you want to go to school, you must do routine medical examination, thorough examination. Even with that community, they still have a lot of glaucoma cases, talk less of our own. So, we have lot of people who have glaucoma and they don’t even know.

How many people have glaucoma in Nigeria?

Going by the last national survey, which was sponsored by the International Center for Eye Health and others between 2005 and 2007, glaucoma accounts for to about 36 per cent of blindness,while cataract accounts to about 50 per cent. From that survey about 0.78 per cent of Nigerians are blind.

What is the cause of cataract?

The commonest cause of cataract is still age. What that means is that if you live old enough, approaching the age 50 to 60 years, majority will develop cataract. If it becomes significant, affected persons are going to need surgery. Except we clear the cataract that are on ground through surgery, the problem will continue to accumulate. And so most of the time, we organise cataract camp.

Unlike glaucoma, where it is the nerve that is damaged, we have to screen and look for it. And one advantage is when people go for driver’s license, they should be screened,when you go for your glasses, you should be screened. A lot of us pick our glasses from the roadside and we move on. Some people get away with that, but most people, eventually may go blind because each time you go for glasses, ideally your eyes should be tested.

How much does it cost do cataract and glaucoma surgery?

In LUTH, it costs about N23,000 for cataract and for glaucoma, it should be about N18,000 for surgery. And because it is highly subsidised, the management have being supportive for us to get more patients, the price is coming down.

What is your advice on how to care for the eyes?

People should have their eyes checked at least once a year. The reason is that this is the only to prevent and track eye diseases. What you look for is what you will find. Hence, there is need to do eye test.

The major problem we have is that majority of our patients with eye diseases come to the hospitals very late. So, our attention-seeking behavior is still not what it ought to be.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.compassnewspaper.com/NG/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=69731:how-to-rehabilitate-12m-visually-impaired-nigerians--ophthalmologist&catid=45:health&Itemid=692




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Towards Inclusion, access for persons with disabilities

They mean many things to many people. Some see them as beggars who are not to be reckoned with on national issues. Others consider them as sick members of the society, who at best, need to be catered for. But members of National Handicap Carers Association of Nigeria (NAHCAN) hold a different view of themselves. They in fact, see themselves as citizens with equal stake in Nigeria’s affairs.

NAHCAN, remarkably, is not relenting in seeking a better future for its members. In this effort, it embarks on programmes and initiatives that aim at raising awareness on issues concerning its members. Samplers! “How are the blinds going to vote in the next general election? How will the blind community mobilise itself to participate in the next general election? How will the deaf hear the jingles so that he or she can choose his or her candidate? Can anyone say a population of about 19million people which is enough to occupy a mega city like Lagos should continue to live in servitude and subject to the whims of and wishes of the government?” These were some of the posers raised at the recently concluded Disability Week organised by NAHCAN in Lagos. With the theme “inclusion and access for persons with disabilities in Nigeria” and sub-theme “Inclusion of people with disabilities in 2011 elections,” various speakers charged the government to create an enabling environment for People With Disabilities (PWD) in the country.

In his opening address, President of NAHCAN Adewale Adeyanju who has hearing impairment said NAHCAN is concerned because members of the vulnerable group are still excluded from the nation’s affairs. This, according to Adeyanju, has rendered many PWD jobless and has in turn forced them to the street as beggars. He also noted that in Nigeria legislation and policies when adopted might not be implemented due to lack of political will and commitment. He however noted that high sounding rhetoric alone can’t transform the lives of the disabled, stressing; “the development of disability policies within the government departments of national, state and local government levels is at a formative stage with the majority departments having no workable strategies for implementation. Hence most disability policy tended to be more rhetoric rather than being used in improving the lives of the disabled,” Adeyanju added that government at all levels should work harder and sensitise the public while the society in turn must do away with rigid mindset, negative attitudes and discrimination against the disabled. He also remarked that the disabled are not treated fairly by the government and employer of labour who still discriminate against them.

Chairman of the occasion and two-time presidential aspirant, Dr. Olopade Agoro, commended NAHCAN on the chosen theme. He charged members of the group to see themselves as first-class citizens of Nigeria, arguing that there is ability in disability. “Disability doesn’t mean self-pity. Go out and take your rightful place. The road might be rough but I am very optimistic that there is a place for you in this nation. You are what you call yourself. You need to stand up and take what belongs to you,” Agoro remarked. Lagos State deputy governor, Mrs. Sarah Sosan, represented by Ayo Olaogun, Director Basic Education, reaffirmed government’s commitment in making life comfortable for PWD in the state. While highlighting some of the government’s gesture in assisting PWD, she pledged that the state would work harder in creating a level playing ground for all citizens of the state not excluding PWD.

NAHCAN social secretary, Meshack Solomon, called on government at all level not to see disability as a charity issue rather as a “social and right issue.” All other speakers at the event enjoined government to include PWD in the national scheme of things.

Speaking with Daily Independent on the relevance of the movement, Adeyanju bemoaned the prevailing notion that only “our leaders alone know it all in shaping designing and implementing policies that more often than not exclude people with disabilities.” He said the advent of disability movement in Nigeria has changed the perception, while pointing out that the notion arose from a political, economic and social service that aimed to keep the disabled subservient in their own country, thus denying them the basic political rights as well as opportunity to share in the nation’s wealth. NAHCAN and every person with disability in Nigeria, according to Adeyanju views disability week as an important milestone in the organisation’s struggle to overcome previous exclusion from the mainstream of society.

Also speaking with our reporter, Abel Oyekunle, a visually challenged, recounted how many people have turned him down and how at the point he almost resorted to begging. He however reminded the government and other individuals “it is their social responsibility by virtue of their position to assist and encourage rather than frustrate and discourage the efforts being made by group of disadvantaged people to identify their problems, needs and find cure for them.” NAHCAN which was founded in 1997 and known then as Nigeria Handicapped Communication has the vision of promoting the creativeness and potential of PWD and to achieve a lot for all members of the organisation politically, socially and economically. The association, among other things aims at uniting Nigerians with disabilities irrespective of their social, political, religious and ethnic background. NAHCAN also helps to correct the imbalance in employment opportunity available for Nigerians with disabilities and to make contact with employment agencies on provision of job.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.independentngonline.com/DailyIndependent/Article.aspx?id=23872




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Security Personnel Schooled on Disability Issues

MINDFREEDOM GHANA, a non-governmental organisation (NGO), yesterday, brought together representatives of the various security services to solicit their support towards the ratification of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Participants to the workshop were drawn from the Ghana Prisons Service, the Ghana Armed Forces, the Immigration Service, and the Ghana Fire Service.

Themed “Ensuring durable justice on disability rights: Raising our voice on rights of persons with disabilities and the ratification of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with disabilities in Ghana,” the participants were called upon to ensure their outfits got a better understanding of how to handle issues relating to people with disability.

According to Charles Appiagyei, Director of the Ghana Society of Physically Disabled, the need to ratify the convention would enable them get access to services such as education, employment, healthcare, information, and other social activities.Also, it behoves on the country to adopt all appropriate legislative, administrative, and other measures for the implementation of the rights, recognised in the present Convention, and to take measures to eliminate discrimination on the basis of disability by any person, organisation or private enterprise among others.

The Convention, which has 50 articles, is aimed at promoting, protecting, and ensuring the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities. It also promotes respect for their inherent dignity.

Ghana was among the first 81 countries, which signed the convention on March 30, 2007, and therefore, it agreed with the convention’s ideology.

However, being a signatory does not necessarily mean that the country is legally mandated to comply with all the specific provisions therein.

When Ghana ratifies the convention, it would help to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), provide access to a network of mechanisms and activities, respect and uphold the human rights for all members of society, et al.

Mindfreedom Ghana was set up as a civil society organisation to promote human rights, and the dignity of the mentally ill and survivors in society, while getting the right treatments for their disorders.

The Director of Mindfreedom Ghana, Janet Amegatcher, also noted that governments and international organisations ought to consider the unpalatable situations of people with disabilities when making plans about a country’s growth.

“We understand that when someone discriminates against people with disabilities, he or she takes away their dignity and value as human beings,” she said, adding, “We also understand that there are many differences among people with disabilities, and there are many types of disabilities.”

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://accra-mail.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=27731:security-personnel-schooled-on-disability-issues&catid=80:mainnews&Itemid=209




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Handicapped persons get 100 hectares for agricultural project

11月22日 AngolaPress

Andulo - A total of 270 disabled people grouped in three farming cooperatives in Andulo district, central Bie province, this weekend received 100 hectares of land for farming activity, under the implementation of the "Vem Comigo" project.

The fact was disclosed this Sunday by the chairman of the National Association of Handicapped Persons of Angola (ANDA), Silva Lopes Etiambulo.

According to him, the referred hectares were granted by the communal administration of Kalussinga, in a project supported by the Ministry of Administration, Employment and Social Security (MAPESS) and the Lwini Fund.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.portalangop.co.ao/motix/en_us/noticias/economia/2010/10/46/Handicapped-persons-get-100-hectares-for-agricultural-project,cd09b436-b37a-450a-9a79-2c5277089d59.html




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13 visually impaired artists share two rooms

11月22日 Times of Swaziland By SIBONGILE SUKATI on November 22,2010

MBABANE - The Deputy Prime Minister, Themba Masuku, has advised a 13- member gospel group, of which all its members are visually impaired, to seek Swazi Nation Land where they can khonta.

Masuku said this on Friday when he went to visit the Christ Worshippers Gospel Group at their E18 000 recording studio and rented house in Nkwalini.

The DPM said it was part of his ministry’s social responsibility to see first-hand how the 13-member group, lived.

He said the fact that 13 people, both male and female, shared only two rooms and furthermore had to pay rent was a cause for concern, hence his advice that they should take the chance as Swazis to go and khonta.

"With the assistance of Mbabane West MP Johannes Shongwe I have recommended that they go and seek an audience with the Ezulwini chief to enquire whether they could build on land which they would not be evicted from," said Masuku.

Masuku said he had tried to organise some sponsorship for the group because wiring in the studio was not up to standard and furthermore said the studio was not soundproof.

"We cannot as government assist them as yet because of the limited funds, but I have tried to secure sponsorship for them so that the studio can be completed," said Masuku.

He said what was pleasing was that the group, although with limitations placed on them, was not waiting for handouts, but was proactive.

The group’s Managing Director, Sikhumbuzo Khumalo, said they were very pleased and honoured to have the DPM visit them.

Khumalo said they built the studio over three months ago and they used the money which they collected during shows they have around town.

Khumalo said the group consisted of five women and eight men and they practised twice a week, on Tuesdays and Thursdays.

The studio is not only the group’s biggest achievement, but they were also pleased to have been able to purchase a kombi, which they use to attend shows.

"We got the money to buy the kombi after we travelled to England where we performed two years ago," said Khumalo.

Khumalo said, with the DPMs assistance, they would also be able to encourage other visually impaired people to join them, perhaps not as musicians but they could share limited resources such as reading materials.

He said they would be happier if they were able to get the land because their living conditions were not adequate for all 13. Khumalo said all those who wished to assist them could contact him at 76141056.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.times.co.sz/News/23209.html




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Eritrea: Assistance and Lectures Offered to Disabled Nationals in Dekemhare Sub-Zone

11月25日 AllAfrica.com
23 November 2010

Dekemhare - In line with the continued material and financial assistance being extended to needy nationals, the Ministry of Labor and Human Welfare branch in Dekemhare sub-zone, in collaboration with concerned partners, has offered lectures on various topics.

The branch office also rehabilitated about 27 families through disbursing over 600,000 Nakfa, in addition to extending material assistance worth over 41,000 Nakfa to needy students.

Meanwhile, a lecture on ways of preventing natural disability was given to disabled caretakers, religious leaders, Assembly members and area administrators from the sub-zones of Senafe, Tsorona, Adi-Keih, Mai-Aini, Segeneiti and Dekemhare. Besides, the branch office has extended interest-free loan in support of disabled persons.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201011240280.html




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Deaf, dumb man faces rape charge

Chronicle - 2010年11月23日
Court Reporter

A HEARING and speech impaired Bulawayo man has been arraigned before the courts on an allegation of raping his five-year-old cousin.

The 38-year-old man form Iminyela appeared before regional magistrate Mr Cephas Masaka Sibanda on Thursday facing a charge of contravening Section 65 of the Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act Chapter 9:23 (rape).

He could not plead or give any defence after the State outline was read to him owing to his condition.

The court learnt that he was not trained in standard sign language and entered a plea of not guilty for him when he could not state how he pleaded.

The court then invoked provisions of Section 193 of the Criminal Procedure and Evidence Act Chapter 9:07 to proceed with the matter.

The section of the Act states: “If the accused person is not able to conduct his or her defence by reason of deafness or muteness or both, he or she should not be released pending decision of the President for continuation.”

The court was supposed to lead evidence from the complainant through her mother on Thursday but deferred the matter to a later date.

Prosecutor, Mr Patrobs Dube told the court that the accused lives with the complainant’s family.

On 21 March this year, the complainant’s mother left the little girl in the custody of the accused for a meeting.

Upon her return, she found the accused raping her daughter in the family bedroom, the court heard.

The mother picked up a shoe and hit the accused on the back and he let go of the little girl.

The court further heard that the accused then went to Western Commonage Police Station intending to report a case of assault.

He was arrested after the police had been informed about the reason for the assault.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.chronicle.co.zw/inside.aspx?sectid=14174&cat=1&livedate=11/23/2010




>TOP

Mascom share special time with the disabled

The Bostwana Gazette - 2010年11月24日
Written by ...........
Wednesday, 24 November 2010 00:00

The CEO of Mascom Wireless Mr. Jose Couceiro this past week on Friday hosted a special end of Year Party for the disabled and underprivileged children of Camphill School Rankoromane in Otse.

The party enabled the CEO and Mascom Staff to meet with the Children of Rankoromane in a socially supportive environment with a focus on fun and friendship. The guests were invited to join the Rankoromane children activities in offer and celebrate the uniqueness of their situation.
The children were treated to a morning of delicious treats and fun games.

Mascom Wireless has been hosting events of this nature since 1999. The main focus of these events is to bring a smile to the faces of the children by giving them an early X-mas treat.
Some of the areas covered in the past include Mochudi, Francistown, Palapye, Mahalapye, Mlambakwena, Molepolole, Kasane, Maun and Gantsi.

Camphill School Rankoromane was established in 1974 in Otse Village with 4 children with varying disabilities. At that time this was the only school for children with special needs (physically and mentally) in the country. Over the years enrolment has increased to the present level of 59 children.

In order to provide shelter, food, clothing and education small workshops were established in order to provide financial support for the school. The school quickly developed with the assistance of various funding organization from outside as well as government support.
Camphill is a Non Governmental Organization.

The children live in the various houses within Camphill and are cared for in a family oriented environment. Special emphasis is based on providing a homely atmosphere in the hotels where small groups of children are looked after by group mothers, supervised by house mothers and ultimately the school principal.

Most children will attend the school for seven years after which time they are either accepted in Legodimo or they return to their homes.
Legodimo is a sister institution which caters for the 15 to 20 year olds with Pre Vocational training. It is hoped that one or two from each class will have made sufficient progress to be able to continue their education in a government school.

The children are taught with the view to enabling them to achieve their best despite their disability. The curriculum focuses on the child as an individual. Each child is taught to cope with their disability and encouraged to develop to their full potential.

Over the years Camphill School has taught many children to cope with their disability. Some children have been able to join main stream society having accomplished and completed primary, secondary and university level education. There are many success stories in the history of Camphill.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://gazettebw.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=8121:mascom-share-special-time-with-the-disabled&catid=20:timeout




>TOP

Put on a financial seatbelt

FM.co.za - 2010年11月24日

Stafford ThomasThursday, 25 Nov 2010

Many people risk financial ruin despite the ready availability of a simple solution: disability insurance

Insuring against child disability

Many people risk financial ruin despite the ready availability of a simple solution: disability insurance. Automobile Association of SA public affairs manager Gary Ronald puts the risk into stark perspective:
“Every day, vehicle accidents put at least 20 people permanently into wheelchairs.”

The risk of financial ruin has increased since the enactment of the Road Accident Fund (RAF) amendment bill in 2008. Ronald Bobroff, a member of the Law Society of SA’s RAF committee, says the act has removed your common-law right to seek damages from a person (or organisation) responsible for a road accident in which you are injured .

Even passenger liability insurance, for which many people and organisations such as schools still pay premiums, is of no value, says Bobroff. The best you can hope for is the meagre R160000 maximum that the RAF will pay.

He says this could change if the Law Society succeeds in its application to the constitutional court to have the RAF amendment bill declared unconstitutional . But right now you are on your own.

Even if you have health insurance you can end up out of pocket if you land in hospital, says David Honeyman, head of business development at insurer Guardrisk Allied Products & Services. Fees charged by doctors can be four times the amount covered by health insurance tariffs , he says.

Hospitalisation, which can set you back millions, is often a minor part of the costs a disabled person faces. Rehabilitation and equipping a home to manage a disability or paying for specialist care can add a huge cost burden .

“There is good awareness of life insurance but a large proportion of people are not covered for disability,” says Old Mutual Greenlight product manager Ferdie Booysen.

A study just released by the Association for Savings & Investment SA shows that the average gap between actual and required disability insurance of a person with a R16700 net monthly income is R3,2m.

Risk does not stop at a breadwinner. “Our children participate regularly in high-risk activities such as rugby and as a result are more likely to suffer permanent injury and disability than adults,” says Honeyman.

He says child disability insurance has been neglected by insurers, a shortcoming Guardrisk aims to address by offering a policy specifically for children. As an example, cover including disability cover of R1m and daily hospital expenses of R1500 for up to 180 days costs R94/month.

Honeyman cautions that even people with disability cover should read the small print carefully. In many instances policies pay out only if a disabled person is incapable of doing not only the job they had when injured but any job for which they are suited by way of education and training.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.fm.co.za/Article.aspx?id=127796




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Tenth Congress of Arab Deaf Union opens in Hammamet

Tunisia Online News - 2010年11月26日

TUNISIAONLINENEWS- Under the Patronage of First Lady, Mrs. Leila Ben Ali, Chairwoman of the Arab Women Organization, works of the 10th Congress of the Arab Deaf Union opened on Thursday in Hammamet under the theme “The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Disabled and its Role in Establishing an Accessible Environment for the Deaf”.

The Congress which is organized by the Tunisian Association of Assistance to the Deaf (ATAS) was opened by Minister of Social Affairs, Solidarity and Tunisians Abroad Minister Naceur Gharbi. Chairman of the Arab Union of the Deaf Mohamed Zouheir El Aoua, as well as a large number of Arab associations active in the field of protecting persons suffering from hearing impairment and several experts and specialists took part in the event.

The event is organized as part of efforts exerted to energize the “UN Convention on the Rights of Disabled” in Arab countries, assess its implementation and highlight its noble objectives in the service of the disabled, to help them fully contribute to the various aspects of public life.

On this occasion, Mr. Zouheir El Aoua extended his thanks and the consideration of all Arab participating delegations to Mrs. Leila Ben Ali for having kindly accepted to place this Congress under her patronage and for the commendable efforts She has made at the national and Arab levels to ensure a better integration of the disabled and a full protection of this social category.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.tunisiaonlinenews.com/tenth-congress-of-arab-deaf-union-opens-in-hammamet/




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Parents demand to be part of the policy team for mentally disabled

11月26日 Daily Nation
By NATION REPORTERPosted Thursday, November 25 2010 at 22:17

Parents threatened to hold a demonstration if they were not included in the committee, claiming they had championed the disbursement of funds to the mentally disabled and their caretakers. Photo/FILE

Parents of mentally disabled persons on Thursday demanded to be included in a committee mandated to establish a policy for cash transfers to the mentally handicapped.

They stormed a meeting meant to establish the committee and disrupted its proceedings, saying it would not go on unless more parents were included.

“We are not going away and neither will the meeting proceed unless we are part of this committee. We received a letter of invitation from Gender PS James Nyikal, since that is what was agreed upon,” said Councillor Easton Kaiyego, a parent to a mentally disabled person.

The Chair of the meeting, Kenya’s ambassador to Ethiopia Franklin Esipila, explained that the meeting was exclusively meant for those with policy-making capabilities, but the parents remained adamant.

“Dr Nyikal had chosen a group of parents to represent others in this meeting. We only ask that those parents be present since it was the PS’s directive,” said Ms Edah Maina, a Member of the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities at UNHCR.

She noted that parents were under-represented since those in attendance were from Nairobi only.

“Almost everyone in this meeting is from Nairobi. These parents here are from other regions and need to be here since the decisions that will be made here concern them,” said Ms Maina.

Parents threatened to hold a demonstration if they were not included in the committee, claiming they had championed the disbursement of funds to the mentally disabled and their caretakers.

“We feel left out yet we are the ones who brought this debate to the public domain,” they said.

Mr Esipila advised parents to prepare an agenda that would be used to address their issues.

He said the cash transfer program would not meet the needs of all mentally disabled persons due to limited funds.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.nation.co.ke/News/Parents%20demand%20to%20be%20part%20of%20the%20policy%20team/-/1056/1060622/-/qgejq1z/-/




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Gov’t Ropes In Professionals In Informal Sector

Contribution to the overall income tax revenue of the country by professionals in the informal sector has been very low compared to other income tax payers.

Consequently, the government has decided, beginning next year, to focus attention on the revenue contribution from the self-employed group, with special emphasis on professionals and will therefore establish a special desk in the Domestic Tax Division of the Ghana Revenue Authority (GRA) to monitor compliance of professionals to their tax obligations.

According to the Minister for Finance and Economic Planning, Dr Kwabena Duffour, who announced this in the 2011 budget statement presented to Parliament last week Thursday, November 18, 2010 the country has many self-employed professionals, such as accountants, engineers, pharmacists, medical doctors, lawyers, bankers, insurers, among others earning more than average income.

He said many of these professionals, educated with the taxpayer’s money, continue to depend on the complementary resources of the state to operate their businesses.

“Unfortunately, their contributions to overall income tax revenue has been very low (around five per cent) compared to other income tax payers”, he stated.

On pensions, Dr. Duffour said following the implementation of the new pension scheme this year, provision has been made in the third-tier voluntary personal pension scheme to cater for the peculiar needs of workers in the informal sector who are about 85 per cent of the working population.

“Informal sector contributors will have two accounts, a retirement account (to provide benefits on retirement) and a personal savings account with rules for withdrawals before retirement”, he stated.

What this means, he added, is that workers in the informal sector can now participate in a pension scheme which will take care of them in their old age and just like counterparts in the formal sector, will also receive monthly pensions as well as a lump sum.

The minister also stated government’s consideration of the monetization of all or portion of its gold interests to take advantage of the current increases in gold prices, increased demand for gold exposure by investors, and the appreciation in the equity interests in the gold mining companies.

He said beginning in 2011 fiscal year therefore, government will commence discussions on the establishment of a national vehicle, the Ghana Gold Company (GGC), which will hold the country’s gold royalties and equity interest.

On the issue of disability, the minister said the share of the Common Fund for person with disability is to be increased from the current 2 per cent to 3 per cent in line with the social democratic tenets of the NDC of supporting the disadvantaged.

He called on District Assemblies to ensure speedy releases of the funds to support the programme of persons with disability.

On electricity, Dr. Duffour hinted at moves to subject tariffs to quarterly reviews to ensure continued cost recovery.

However, he added, government will continue to make provision in the Budget to provide subsidies to support life-line consumers of electricity.

Touching on measures to support poultry farmers to increase local production of chicken and eggs, the minister said a significant portion of the Japanese grant and other grants will be made available to poultry farmers to be used to acquire the necessary equipment and chemicals for the industry.

He said government intended to boost commercial agriculture by engaging the private sector through the Public Private Partnership framework in agro processing, adding that proposals from private sector organizations in developing large scale commercial farms in rice, maize and soya bean cultivation and processing, among others, will be considered.

According to him, large feed processing mills will be established as part of the agro processing to feed the poultry industry, thereby contributing to the millennium development goal of required healthy levels of animal protein consumption by the year 2015.

The minister said the 2011 budget puts Ghana on the right path to achieving accelerated economic growth and prosperity in an environment of stability with significant resources being deployed to modernize agriculture, boost manufacturing, provide critical infrastructure, improve the delivery of water, sanitation and electricity services, support the private sector to grow and become more competitive, and develop our human resource capability.

The budget, he stressed, also seeks to grow the Ghanaian economy on a sustainable basis and create jobs to reduce unemployment.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/business/artikel.php?ID=198213




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Visually Impaired Students In Finals Of Spelling Bee

For the first time in the organisation of the Spelling Bee competition in Ghana, two visually impaired students have made it to the final stage.

The two are among 11 other students who qualified from the Eastern Region when the competition was held in Koforidua.

Coached by their visually impaired teacher, Master Dennis Bonney and Ms Serwah Tuffuor, both students of the Akropong School for the Blind, used Braille and audio books to prepare ahead of the competition.

Regardless of their challenge, the two displayed a high sense of dedication and preparedness during the competition, at the end of which both managed to secure tickets to take part in the national finals.

Madam Gifty Opoku, a representative of the GES in Koforidua, encouraged the finalists not to rest on their laurels.

She said qualifying at the regional level should urge them to strive to excel in the national finals which is scheduled to take place in February next year.

As part of their prize package, the visually impaired contestants won audio books donated by Sytris Books. The other spellers took home interesting story books and sponsors’ products.

Regions yet to take part in the competition are Volta, November 27, 2010; Tema, December 3, 2010, and Accra, December 4, 2010.

The competition is aired on TV3 at 5 p.m. every Sunday.

It is made possible through the sponsorship of Indomie Noodles, with support from Milo, MTN Ghana Foundation, Type, Rufus Park, Ecobank Junior Saver, Junior Graphic, Joy FM, Luv FM and TV3.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.modernghana.com/news/305569/1/visually-impaired-students-in-finals-of-spelling-b.html




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国にはびこる偏見をなくせ、アルビノのサッカーチーム タンザニア

* 2010年11月30日 12:55 発信地:ダルエスサラーム/タンザニア

【11月30日 AFP】タンザニアの港湾都市、ダルエスサラーム(Dar es
Salaam)。太陽が沈みかけるころ、アルビノ(先天性白皮症)の若者たちが、道
端の空き地に喜々として集まってくる。ここは、地元サッカークラブ「ア ルビ
ノ・ユナイテッド(Albino United)」のホームグラウンドだ。

 この国では、2007年以来、わかっているだけで58人のアルビノが殺害されてい
る。呪術(じゅじゅつ)師にお守りの材料としてアルビノの体の 一部を売りさ
ばこうと、こうした事件が頻発しているのだ。

 クラブの目的は、アルビノが「色素が欠乏しているだけの普通の人」であるこ
とを世に知らしめることだ。アルビノ殺人事件は主に北部ムワンザ (Mwanza)
地方とその周辺で発生しており、ダルエスサラームではまだ1件も報告されてい
ないが、クラブはアルビノの迫害傾向を押しとどめる ことを使命に掲げている。

「チームは、選手に限らず、ダルエスサラーム内外のアルビノたちを幸福な気持
ちにし、一致団結させることに貢献してきました」と、クラブ幹部のセ ベリ
ン・エドワード(Severin Edward)氏は言う。 

 クラブは08年に創設された。当初は「アルビノ・マジック」という名前だった
が、呪術がからんだアルビノ殺人事件との関連性をほうふつとさせる ことか
ら、現在の名前に変えられた。

■夢を追いかける若者たち
 
 少ない予算でやりくりしていることが、ホームグラウンドにも見て取れる。地
面は砂だらけで、ゴールポストは木の枝を結び合わせた粗末なものだ。 選手た
ちの多くは、きちんとしたシューズさえ履いていない。

 はだしで練習している17歳のサイード君の夢は、欧州のクラブチームでプレー
すること。今のところ、このクラブを離れる気持ちはみじんもない。

「僕はこのクラブを通じて成功できると思う。僕の面倒も見てくれるし」と、サ
イード君。時々寄付金を贈ってくれる人々もいる。「僕はクラブから大 きな恩
恵を被っています。学校の授業料は手当から工面できましたし、これまで行った
こともなかった他州にも行けるのですから」

 先天性白皮症とは、髪の毛、皮膚、目を太陽の紫外線から守ってくれるメラニ
ン色素が欠乏する遺伝子疾患。多くの場合、視覚に障害をもたらす。

 ダルエスサラームのぎらぎらした太陽、貧困、そして虚弱なアルビノを襲う病
気やけがにより、選手が練習に参加できないことも多い。選手たちは日 光に極
めて過敏であるため、練習は、太陽が沈みかけて涼しい海風が吹いてくる午後5
時以降にならないと始まらない。 

■アルビノの国会議員への侮辱

 タンザニア南部ではアルビノ殺人事件はほぼ起きていないものの、アルビノへ
の偏見は国内に広くまん延している。先日の総選挙では、同国初のアル ビノの
国会議員が誕生したが、落選した対抗馬はこの議員について、「彼はアルビノだ
から頭がまともに働かない」と発言した。

 タンザニア政府は、頻発するアルビノ殺人事件を受け、アルビノの保護を徹底
すると宣言している。09年以降、少なくとも5人がアルビノを殺した として死刑
判決を受けているが、まだ1人も執行されていない。(c)AFP/Otto Bakano

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.afpbb.com/article/life-culture/life/2777037/6515131?utm_source=afpbb&utm_medium=topics&utm_campaign=txt_topics




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Koforidua School for the Deaf appeals for support

Koforidua, Nov 30, GNA - The Headmaster of the Koforidua School for the Deaf, Mr Ofosu Boachie, has appealed to the public for support to complete its vocational centre for the Junior High School (JHS). He said the students performed better in vocational skills because of their handicap, therefore the need for the vocational centre could not be over-emphasized.

Addressing the 35th anniversary and speech and prize giving day of the school, Mr Boachie said in order not to skip such an important aspect of their education, the school undertook vocational activities under trees and on verandahs. He said the children's exposure to vocational skills greatly helped in their education at the Senior High School level since they tended to do well in the cookery and art courses. Mr Boachie expressed worry over parents' lackadaisical attitude towards their children and its effect on the performance of the students in the school.

He said most of the parents never visited or picked their children during vacations and the school had to spend additional cost in keeping house masters and mothers to cater for them. Mrs Rosemond Blay, the Director for Special Education Division of the Ghana Education Service (GES), said integrated and inclusive education programmes had been developed on pilot basis in selected districts alongside the existing segregated special education.

She said that was to enable children with special needs such as the deaf and dumb and the mentally handicapped to gain equal access to equal and quality education from early ages as well as to change people's perceptions and impressions about children with disabilities. The Koforidua School for the Deaf, which runs two disability programmes for the mentally handicapped and the deaf, was established in 1975 as a unit of the Presbyterian Primary schools in Koforidua with an initial enrolment of eight pupils With its steady growth it was re-located in 1985 to its present location for integration with other formal schools and as a unit with New Juaben primary schools. The JHS section that was its mainstream with Sarkodee JHS was detached in the 2005/2006 academic year to enable the school register its own pupils for the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE). 30 Nov. 10



>TOP

ろう者へのHIV啓発が必要

Breaking through the Silence: HIV and the Deaf

by Shantha Rau Barriga
Published in:
The Huffington Post
December 1, 2010

This week, different groups around the world are observing World AIDS Day and the International Day of Persons with Disabilities, on December 1 and 3 respectively. Rarely have the two been observed together. At least until this year. Events hosted at UN headquarters in New York and the US State Department are drawing attention to the strong link between disability and HIV.

Here are the facts: Persons with disabilities have the same types of sexual relationships and frequency of sexual activity as persons without disabilities. Individuals with disabilities sometimes use drugs or visit or work as sex workers. According to the World Bank, persons with disabilities may be more vulnerable to HIV because they are more likely to be abused, marginalized, discriminated against, illiterate, and poor.
Women with disabilities are up to three times as likely to be victims of sexual violence.

But many of the stories of people with disabilities and their experiences with HIV - particularly those who are deaf - are shrouded in silence.

Take the story of John Meletse in South Africa. He went to the local clinic to get an HIV test. They had no sign language interpreter and referred him to another doctor. This doctor did not know sign language either, but communicated with hand-written notes. The doctor administered the test without any counseling. Fifteen minutes later, the doctor wrote in big bold letters: "YOU ARE HIV POSITIVE." John asked if this was really true. The doctor replied, "Yes, and you can go now."

Imagine the experience of Erica, an HIV-positive deaf woman in Uganda.
She was not aware that she was having twins when she went into labor.
The nurse did not know sign language and did not tell her to keep pushing after she gave birth to her first child. Erica subsequently lost the second twin. It is not clear if she ever received information about mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Erica's children are beaten by her neighbors. When they played with the neighbors' children, they were told to go away. They said, "You'll spread deafness to my family."

Or Jane, who fled her village in northern Uganda as a result of raids by the Lord's Resistance Army. She is hard of hearing and was never able to go to school. In her words, "I fear HIV so I don't move around." This fear is also why she stays with her husband, who physically and sexually abuses her. Jane has not benefitted from any community HIV programs because she hasn't been able to find out about them.

Consider the barriers preventing persons who are deaf or hard of hearing from receiving HIV information and care. Radio programs, a common part of public awareness campaigns, completely exclude persons who are deaf or hard of hearing. Printed material alone is clearly not sufficient.
Sign language interpretation and presentations are key, but they are rare, especially in the developing world.

An estimated 90 percent of deaf people in developing countries cannot read or use formal sign language. Instead, deaf people in developing countries often communicate with local signs or family-specific gestures. This makes medical settings especially problematic because they must bring a close family member along to communicate for them.
When dealing with sensitive or stigmatized topics, such as sexual assault or HIV testing, the lack of confidentiality often dissuades people from revealing their concerns. Stigma in the community and myths that people with disabilities are asexual or virgins further isolate them from HIV information, testing, counseling, and other services.

Because of communication barriers, lack of education, ignorance and fear, deaf people around the world are overlooked by HIV services.
UNAIDS and the US State Department are taking a first step at addressing this gap by getting policymakers to think about how to make HIV strategic plans, programs and services inclusive to people with all types of disabilities.

Much more needs to be done, though, particularly on the national level.
Basic sign language and disability awareness training for health workers is absolutely fundamental to stopping the spread of HIV among people who are deaf. In addition, governments need to ensure that children who are deaf or hard of hearing are able to attend schools to learn sign language and about health topics such as HIV.

Without a concerted effort to reach out to the deaf population, they will continue to live in silence and fear, and the HIV epidemic will quietly continue to spread.

Shantha Rau Barriga is the disability rights researcher and advocate at Human Rights Watch.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2010/12/01/breaking-through-silence-hiv-and-deaf




>TOP

Breaking through the Silence: HIV and the Deaf

by Shantha Rau Barriga Published in: The Huffington Post DECEMBER 1, 2010

This week, different groups around the world are observing World AIDS Day and the International Day of Persons with Disabilities, on December 1 and 3 respectively. Rarely have the two been observed together. At least until this year. Events hosted at UN headquarters in New York and the US State Department are drawing attention to the strong link between disability and HIV.

Here are the facts: Persons with disabilities have the same types of sexual relationships and frequency of sexual activity as persons without disabilities. Individuals with disabilities sometimes use drugs or visit or work as sex workers. According to the World Bank, persons with disabilities may be more vulnerable to HIV because they are more likely to be abused, marginalized, discriminated against, illiterate, and poor.
Women with disabilities are up to three times as likely to be victims of sexual violence.

But many of the stories of people with disabilities and their experiences with HIV - particularly those who are deaf - are shrouded in silence.

Take the story of John Meletse in South Africa. He went to the local clinic to get an HIV test. They had no sign language interpreter and referred him to another doctor. This doctor did not know sign language either, but communicated with hand-written notes. The doctor administered the test without any counseling. Fifteen minutes later, the doctor wrote in big bold letters: "YOU ARE HIV POSITIVE." John asked if this was really true. The doctor replied, "Yes, and you can go now."

Imagine the experience of Erica, an HIV-positive deaf woman in Uganda.
She was not aware that she was having twins when she went into labor.
The nurse did not know sign language and did not tell her to keep pushing after she gave birth to her first child. Erica subsequently lost the second twin. It is not clear if she ever received information about mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Erica's children are beaten by her neighbors. When they played with the neighbors' children, they were told to go away. They said, "You'll spread deafness to my family."

Or Jane, who fled her village in northern Uganda as a result of raids by the Lord's Resistance Army. She is hard of hearing and was never able to go to school. In her words, "I fear HIV so I don't move around." This fear is also why she stays with her husband, who physically and sexually abuses her. Jane has not benefitted from any community HIV programs because she hasn't been able to find out about them.

Consider the barriers preventing persons who are deaf or hard of hearing from receiving HIV information and care. Radio programs, a common part of public awareness campaigns, completely exclude persons who are deaf or hard of hearing. Printed material alone is clearly not sufficient.
Sign language interpretation and presentations are key, but they are rare, especially in the developing world.

An estimated 90 percent of deaf people in developing countries cannot read or use formal sign language. Instead, deaf people in developing countries often communicate with local signs or family-specific gestures.
This makes medical settings especially problematic because they must bring a close family member along to communicate for them. When dealing with sensitive or stigmatized topics, such as sexual assault or HIV testing, the lack of confidentiality often dissuades people from revealing their concerns. Stigma in the community and myths that people with disabilities are asexual or virgins further isolate them from HIV information, testing, counseling, and other services.

Because of communication barriers, lack of education, ignorance and fear, deaf people around the world are overlooked by HIV services. UNAIDS and the US State Department are taking a first step at addressing this gap by getting policymakers to think about how to make HIV strategic plans, programs and services inclusive to people with all types of disabilities.

Much more needs to be done, though, particularly on the national level.
Basic sign language and disability awareness training for health workers is absolutely fundamental to stopping the spread of HIV among people who are deaf. In addition, governments need to ensure that children who are deaf or hard of hearing are able to attend schools to learn sign language and about health topics such as HIV.

Without a concerted effort to reach out to the deaf population, they will continue to live in silence and fear, and the HIV epidemic will quietly continue to spread.

Shantha Rau Barriga is the disability rights researcher and advocate at Human Rights Watch.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2010/12/01/breaking-through-silence-hiv-and-deaf




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第21回国際開発学会で【障がいとジェンダー】&学会手話通訳情報

来月初めに東京の早稲田大学で国際開発学会第21回全国大会が開催されます。
場所等は以下のウェブページをご覧下さい。
 
 http://www.jasid.org/wp/conference.html

 この大会では、以下のセッションが『障害と開発』分野からの報告も交えて開
催される予定です。
 
第9セッション:
【障がいとジェンダー】
<座長>穂坂光彦(日本福祉大学)
<コメンテーター>磯田厚子(女子栄養大学)

1.インドの障害当事者運動−ろう者の運動を中心に森 壮也/ジェトロ・アジア
経済研究所

2 ろう者の人間開発における言語選択: どの手話を用いるべきか亀井伸孝/大阪
国際大学

3 開発途上国の災害障害者の生活再建支援に関する研究
阪本真由美/公益財団法人ひょうご
震災記念21世紀研究機構

4 ナイジェリア北部における女性の収入向上スキル習得とジェンダー役割甲斐田
きよみ/名古屋大学

 mlの皆さん、また関係者の皆さんが大勢、同学会においで下さることを祈って
おります。

 また同学会の今回の大会では、大会実行委員会の先生方の努力で、上記セッシ
ョンはもちろんのこと、以下のセッションですべて手話通訳が付く予定です。ろ
う者の方々にもぜひおいで頂ければと思います。

12月4日
12:45〜15:00 分科会「障がいとジェンダー」
15:15〜17:30 本部企画「開発とジェンダー」
17:45〜18:45 総会
12月5日
9:30〜11:45 共通論題



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Over 3,000 disabled persons join rehabilitation programme

AngolaPress - 2010年12月6日

Caxito - At least 3,633 disable people joined various projects of the Social Welfare’s Community Based Rehabilitation Programme (PRBC) and Revenue Generating Work Programme (PTGR) since 2007 in northern Bengo province

The information was released Sunday in Caxito by the provincial director of Social Welfare, Anast?sia de Vasconcelos, who was speaking on the occasion of the International Day of Persons with Disabilities, December 3.

According to the official, both programmes, PTGR and PRBC, which are initially being implemented in the districts of Dande, Ambriz, Icolo e Bengo and Dembos, might be extended to other localities soon.

The PRBC is a project addressed to motorbike-taxis, Coca-Cola bottling and self-construction and has already secured houses to 13 disabled people. PTGR that started in 2009, is a Government strategic programme designed to improve the living of the populations, particularly youths, elderly, disabled and unemployed persons.

The International Day of Persons with Disabilities was instituted by the UN General Assembly on December 3, 1982.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.portalangop.co.ao/motix/en_us/noticias/sociedade/2010/11/49/Over-000-disabled-persons-join-rehabilitation-programme,69d9a138-c268-4c96-8574-1a39cdd9f99a.html




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Inside a church of the deaf

Mmegi Online - 2010年12月6日
GREG KELEBONYE
STAFF WRITER

They are dressed in their Sunday best as most mainstream Christians do when they go to church. A few of them appear to be well to do, if the vehicles at the parking lot are anything to go by.

As you enter a good-to-behold young woman brings a chair to you, shakes your hand and indicates for you to sit. As you take your seat, you realise that this is a quiet church.

You do not hear the shout of hallelujah! or Amen! or Praise God! The only sound is a throaty noise here and there that is accompanied by a swift movement of the hands every time a lean good looking young man at the pew moves his. Just that. The throaty noises, amazing smiles and the hand movements. The beautiful young man at the pew moves his hands again and as one, the congregation stands up and as if they have memorised their hands movement, move the hands as one.... they touch their shoulders, their chests, and their fingers weave the air in precisely the same fashion, as their young faces light up in joy unspeakable.

WELCOME. You have just entered DEAF church! All the young people here, save for one young woman, who wears an earpiece, are stone deaf. Even the young woman is so hard of hearing that she has to read your lips to make out what you are saying. The young people meet here every Sunday to worship together. Unless you speak sign language, in this church you are the one with disability. For everyone can speak to and understand each other, except you. On this particular Sunday, we sit hunched at the back of the church, embarrassment getting the best of us, as we cannot follow a single word that is being said here. The church has been made aware that the two fellows sinking into their chairs at the back are reporters from Mmegi - and they have possibly been advised to behave and be nice to us, but we have no way of knowing.

This Sunday's reading is from Genesis chapter Three verses 3 through 24.

Everyone flips his or her Bibles to the chapter and verse. A pleasant young man helps us find the chapter and points to the verses. A young woman springs up, goes to the front and reads fluently in SIGN Language!

Then the church stands up and they all sing.

NO SOUND. Just the hand signs, the throaty noises and a hissing sound much like you would make if you tried to vocalise a string of Ss. As their hands simultaneously work out a furious affair in the air I am somehow able to tell that they are singing "Yes Jesus Loves me"! There is more 'singing' and the young tall preacher takes charge at the pew again. More singing. Then as the preacher weaves his hands in the air, the kind young man seated next to us quickly goes to the podium. He closes his eyes and starts praying.

The rest of the church look at him, nodding in agreement, in humble reverence to the creator. It is a long prayer and midway through the prayer I can only infer that the prayer is based on the preaching from the Bible book of Genesis chapter three. It is really a plea to God to keep us from temptation and falling from grace. Then as the young man finishes praying, the church disperses. The young lady with some speaking ability tells us that they are breaking for a few minutes and will go back in after 15 minutes.

She also tells us that her name is Kemmonye and that she is a student at Naledi Secondary School. The preacher, who introduces himself (by writing his name on my notebook) as Tshenolo Lesonya joins us. This church at Gaborone's Block Nine location is only a satellite of a bigger church in Ramotswa. Because there is a good number of deaf young people in Gaborone, who attend the Deaf Baptist Church, a decision was made that they congregate at this house. The owner of the house is a teacher of deaf people and on this day, is attending church in Ramotswa. He gives her name as Mimi and her housekeeper helpfully gives us her cellphone number. We call her and inform her that we are on the way to the bigger church in Ramotswa. We will need to ask one of the church members to accompany us, she says, as the place may not be easy to locate. The young man who sat next to us during the service offers to come along.

The church is bigger than the Gaborone church. Even the building is very much like most Baptist church buildings. I decide by rough estimation that the church can accommodate up to 200 people. On this day a number slightly bigger than the one in Gaborone has attended.

The church disperses soon after we arrive and Mimi, who gives her surname as Dykes informs the congregants that we are journalists and interested in doing a story about the church. They all decide to stay as they take turns to shake our hands. Mimi stands by and now and then interprets for us as a member says something nice to us.

She is the first missionary for the deaf in Botswana and has been working with deaf people here since 1996. In fact most of the deaf young people we met on this day are her students.

The pastor at this church is Semakaleng Moikotlhai. He is full time and deaf. And so is his wife Emelang. His is a worthy labour of counselling, encouraging the deaf and indeed preaching. The Moikotlhais married nearly 10 years ago and have two children - eight-year-old Mimi, who is named after the Dykes woman, and two-year old Oarabile.

The church here, he says is for the deaf. While sessions are held during the week for children without hearing problems, Sundays are reserved for the deaf. Children without hearing problems still are welcome, but meet in a separate room inside the church.

"You could call it the Deaf Church with a hearing ministry," chips in Mimi Dykes the interpreter.

"We initially met at the Centre for the deaf. We started meeting there in 1996 and for many years we were building this church. We moved here in 2005," says pastor Moikotlhai. 1996 was the same year that 18, almost 19 year-old Mimi Dykes arrived to do her missionary work among the deaf in Ramotswa. She started preaching to them, and Moikotlhai became one of her first converts.

"It was not easy. Here I was trying to talk to these people about an altogether new concept and a God they were hearing about for the first time," says Dykes Moikotlhai's conversion marked the beginning of a more intensified outreach programme by these faithful. "We would walk for many kilometres here in Ramotswa and also in Mochudi, ministering to people and handing out tracts," says Moikotlhai.

During those trips, even as it is happening today, he met many people who simply could not fathom the mystery of a deaf preacher. He ministered to them anyway.

Moikotlhai says that it is important for deaf people to come to a church like his. Not only are they able to socialise with other deaf people:

they also get a sense of being 'family.' It is also a way of helping the deaf worship as they are often left out in hearing churches.

He believes the reason why they are often left out in hearing churches is because no one thinks about them, or if they do, they simply do not understand sign language to ensure that the deaf are taken on board.

Unfortunately this is the same attitude playing itself out just about everywhere.

"We get invited by my daughter's school for the Parents and Teachers' meeting, and there is no one to tell us what is being said.

Lately we have been taking our daughter along with us to interpret for us," he says. Little Mimi is just a blessing.

When her mother conceived her, the couple was excited and told their families that they were expecting a baby.

But the families were not happy for them, as they believed that they would have a deaf child.

"The baby was born and could hear. And when I told them that the child could hear they wanted to take the baby, as they believed that she would not be able to speak. But you can see now my daughter speaks three languages," he says proudly as he signs for his little girl to come over.

Little Mimi will be doing standard three in January. She tells us that she speaks Sign language, English and Setswana. All of them fluently.

"It is sad that people generally want to believe that deaf people are subhuman or something. When people see me with my daughter, they usually think that she is the deaf one as they see her signing to me. You can almost always see the look of incredulity on their faces when they realise that I am the one who is deaf. For many of them, a deaf woman cannot have and bring up a child," chips in Mrs Moikotlhai.

She believes that it is time government and the rest of the population took deaf people seriously.

"We have TV, but all we are seeing are pictures. What a relief it is those days that we see an interpreter!" she says.

Lack of interpretation for the deaf is causing havoc among the deaf community says pastor Moikotlhai. "Today we are grappling with high incidents of drunkenness among the deaf community. Many of them see people drinking on TV or elsewhere and there is no one to tell them that it is wrong to be drunk, so they think it is the way things should be done," he says.

Deaf education, he says should be emphasised. And authorities need to start paying attention to deaf people.

"Today we are saying we have this church. We are trying to get children to be on the straight. The only assistance we are getting is from the church and we have not had a single visit from government officers, although they know about our work. This shows the attitude that people have towards the deaf," he says. He wishes people, including government officers could come and learn Sign language.

"We offer to teach Sign language as that will ensure that we have interpreters in various sectors," he says.

Perhaps the interpreters will also become instrumental in helping align Deaf education and helping the deaf become productive members of their communities.

"As it is right now children are passed on to secondary school even when they did not do well at primary school. It is worse with deaf children.

Many times we see children who can't even write their name passing on to secondary school. An appropriate system needs to be devised for these children," adds Dykes. Until then, many of the deaf will remain at the periphery of human development and will continue to be stigmatised.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.mmegi.bw/index.php?sid=6&aid=7118&dir=2010/December/Monday6




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Handicapped Persons Seek Social Integration

The International Day for People with Disabilities was an opportunity for the disabled to reflect on their problems and find solutions which can improve on their situation.
The esplanade of the Yaounde City Council last Friday hosted celebrations to mark the 19th edition of the International Handicapped Day. Organised by the Ministry of Social Affairs, the event brought together members of government, the diplomatic corps, authorities of the Centre Region as well as traditional and religious authorities of the region. The theme for this year's celebration was "Keeping the promise: Mainstreaming disability in the Millennium Development Goals towards 2015 and beyond".

Throughout the, handicapped persons are often victims of discrimination and marginalisation characterised by their week access to education and professional training appropriate to the demands of the job market. Last Friday's celebration was therefore an opportunity for handicapped persons in Cameroon to reflect on their problems and find solutions which can improve on their living conditions. In his message on the occasion of the Day, the UN Secretary General, Ban-Ki-Moon said governments need to do more to support people with disabilities. That means implementing the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities during the summit on MGDs in September 2010.

Speaking during the occasion, the Minister of Social Affairs, Catherine Bakang Mbock said the Millennium Development Goals cannot be equally attained if the preoccupations of peoples with disabilities, who constitute about 10 percent of the world population, are not specifically taken into consideration. Catherine Bakang Mbock said the attainment of the MDGs could only be done with the participation of all. She said only a synergy of action can efficiently hasten the process of accessibility of handicapped persons in education, healthcare, infrastructure and employment, a gage for the attainment of MGDs for all and by all in 2015 and beyond.

Among the activities was a demonstration on the use of the white stick by handicapped persons. The Minister in the company of members of government handed over attestations to disabled persons trained in computer sciences and industrial dressing. Attestations were also handed over to former pensioners of the National Rehabilitation Centre Cardinal Paul Emile Leger as well as trophies for winners of the different tournaments organised on the occasion of the International Day of People with Disabilities.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201012061719.html




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Charity for deaf trains interpreters to help in Malawi

Spread the word: Sign language trainers will instruct other professionals.
Catriona Stewart
7 Dec 2010

In Malawi, one of the world’s poorest countries, the deaf community are a forgotten section of society.

But a project run by charity Deaf Action has been working to give deaf people access to the same education and training as their hearing peers.

Volunteers from Scotland have been working in Africa for the past two years to help train, assess and register sign language interpreter trainers in Malawi and Swaziland.

Begun in 2008, the two-year pilot aimed to educate 15 trainers to allow deaf people the chance to contribute to civil society developments in those countries, while giving deaf Scots the chance to become involved in international development.

Volunteer Tessa Padden-Duncan, 53, alongside Bryan Marshall of Deaf Action, has spent two years introducing a group of 12 students to Sign Language Linguistics and training them to teach Malawi Sign Language as a second language to hearing people in Malawi.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/health/charity-for-deaf-trains-interpreters-to-help-in-malawi-1.1072845




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Deaf, dumb man kills cousin with screwdriver

12月10日 Sunday News - 2010年12月7日

Sunday News Correspondent

IN a sad incident, a deaf and dumb man from Bulawayo’s Emganwini suburb has appeared before the court after he allegedly stabbed his cousin to death with a screwdriver following an undisclosed altercation at home.

It is understood that the two were in a drunken stupor before they were involved in the tragic fight.

The accused, Dubile Sibanda (33), was not asked to plead when he appeared before Western Commonage court magistrate, Mr Shepherd Munjanja, for contravening Section 47 of the Criminal Law (Codification and

Reform) Act Chapter 9:23, murder.

Mrs Fiona Denhere-Ncube, for the State, told the court that Sibanda was deaf and dumb.

The court heard that on 27 November this year the accused was at home, in Emganwini, where he had an undisclosed argument with his cousin, Thembelani Sibanda, who is now deceased.

The court further heard that the two were heavily drunk and it was not clear to the court what went wrong between the two that led the accused to arm himself with a screw driver and stab the now deceased three times above his right eye, left shoulder and chest.

The now deceased died on the spot due to excessive bleeding, the court heard.

The accused then proceeded to Nkulumane Police Station where he handed himself leading to his arrest.

The alleged murderer, who was bandaged on his head and hands, was remanded in custody to 15 December for the continuation of the trial.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.sundaynews.co.zw/inside.aspx?sectid=7683&cat=1




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ケニア:アルビノとして初めてタンザニア総選挙に当選したKhalfani氏、人々の意識改革が必要と語る

ケニア発の記事ですが、タンザニアの先頃の総選挙でアルビノ(with albinism)として初めて当選した方がケニアを訪れた際に語った内容や、その生い立ち等を紹介したものです。

タンザニア、ケニア等の東アフリカの国々ではアルビノの人たちの臓器が富をもたらすといった迷信のため、殺人等が行われています。タンザニア政府も法律や関わった人間の逮捕等、その取り締まりを行っているようですが、後を絶ちません。今年にもケニアからアルビノの友人を騙してタンザニアに連れていき、売るつもりだったケニア人が逮捕され16年の刑が言い渡されました。

タンザニアでアルビノとして初めて国会議員となったSalum Khalfani Bar'wani氏は、5人家族の末っ子として生まれ、家庭では障害(アルビノ症)のない兄弟たちと差別なく育てられたものの、他の子たちに仲間外れにされたり、学校では視力が弱いため黒板が見えにくくても席を前の方にしてもらえなかったりという苦労を味わいました。なんとかセカンダリースクールに進みましたが、学費が払えずにやめ、家の農業を手伝っていました。
タンザニアが複数政党制に変わった1992年、政治に関わり始めたとのこと。
「どの政党を選ぶかは自由だったが、障害者の権利を考えている党を、と思い、Civic United Front Partyにした。そのスローガンである Haki Sawa Kwa Vote (Equal Right for All)は障害者のニーズを強調する綱領だ」
2回目の立候補で、その選挙区で15年間議席を守っていた与党候補を破って当選したとのこと。同情票ではなく、自分の指導者としての資質が認められて票が集まったのだ、と語っています。

アルビノへの迫害や殺人といった問題は、例えば「仲買人」を取り締まったとしても、「市場」があれば無くならない。人々の意識を変え、教育を通じて「需要」を無くさなければ解決しない、と。

このアルビノの人たちへの迫害は、日本では考えられないような問題ですが、Khalfani氏の言うとおり、人々の迷信が無くなり、権利が守られるように願ってやみません。

E.Africa's first MP with albinism dispels myths (Daily Nation, Wednesday, December 8, 2010)

East Africa should eliminate the demand for body parts of people with albinism as the best way of tackling attacks against them.

Targeting middle-men who peddle the parts will not work as long as the market exist, the region's first elected Member of Parliament with albinism said.

Mr. Salum Khalfani Bar'wani, who visited Kenya recently said knowledge will be key to the fight against the superstitious ways of East Africans that leads to the killing.

Mr. Khalfani, who was elected in Tanzania's recent General Election, said he intended to use his term in Parliament to push for policies that will see persons with the pigmentation defect integrate in society.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.nation.co.ke/News/E%20Africas%20first%20MP%20with%20albinism%20dispels%20myths%20/-/1056/1068168/-/pdsnofz/-/index.html




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Members of Rotary Club of Accra West fete disabled children

Accra, Dec. 8, GNA - Members of Rotary Club of Accra West on Wednesday organised a pre-Christmas party for disabled children from four institutions in Accra. They were drawn from the Osu Children's Home, New Horizon School, Cantonments, Dzorwulu Special School and Mampong-Akwapim School for the Deaf.

The inmates served with meals and drinks, were presented with Christmas parcels including Christmas hats as music took the background. Ms Mavis Kitcher, Editor of Junior Graphic, said the annual event was to show love to such special people and offered an opportunity for the Rotary club to give back to society. She encouraged the children study hard. Ms Kitcher urged them to see their "weaknesses and shortfalls" as unique opportunities to exhibit their special gifts in various areas including the arts and handicrafts to serve the needs of society. Ms Kitcher said in the era of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), there was no limit to the opportunities available therefore, they need to make use of such opportunities to improve their situation which was critical to their future. She said though their current situation might make them frustrated they needed to make the best out of their situation to create a brighter future for themselves. 8 Dec. 10

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/regional/artikel.php?ID=199109




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***************************************************************
AJF・DPI日本会議・gCOE生存学合同学習会
アフリカの障害者の現状と課題:ろう者の取り組み、JICA研修の波紋
***************************************************************

国連障害者の権利条約の発効、アフリカ障害者の10年の2019年までの延長と
アフリカの障害者を取りまく状況が大きく変化しつつあります。
アフリカ各国で、障害者団体が中心となって障害者の権利を保障する法律の
制定を求める声も高まっています。
また、貧困問題の解決、社会的な格差の是正を目標に掲げる国連ミレニアム
開発目標(MDGs)達成に向けた努力が、アフリカでも強化されています。
そうした状況の中、ケニアで暮らすろう者が直面する問題、今後の課題につ
いて報告を受け、また、2002年以来JICAが実施しているアフリカ障害者の
地位向上コースのフォローアップ調査の結果を紹介する機会を持ちます。
学歴社会化していくケニアで、十分な教育機会を得ることのできないろう者
の就労問題が紹介されるのは、初めてのことです。
どうぞご参加下さい。

報告者:原山浩輔さん(静岡県立大学在学)
    中西正司さん(DPI日本会議)
日時:2010年12月12日(日)午後1時〜5時
会場:ビジネスブレークスルー大学秋葉原キャンパス(http://bbt.ac/about/curriculum.html
   秋葉原駅中央改札口から徒歩2分 富士ソフトビル内
   学習会開催日が日曜日のため、1Fへ担当者が迎えに行きます。
   詳しくは申し込みを受けた際にお伝えします。**
主催:(特活)アフリカ日本協議会
    http://www.ajf.gr.jp/lang_ja/
   (特活)DPI日本会議
    http://www.dpi-japan.org/
   立命館大学gCOE生存学
    http://www.arsvi.com/
協力:Africa Study Forum Japan(ASFJ)
   代表 川ノ上和文(ビジネス・ブレークスルー大学)
問い合わせ・申し込み:(特活)アフリカ日本協議会 担当・斉藤
   電話 03-3834-6902 /FAX 03-3834-6903
   E-mail:info@ajf.gr.jp
※ 申し込む際には、1)名前、2)緊急時連絡方法、3)(あれば)質問などを
  知らせてください。
※ 手話通訳を用意します。他の情報支援が必要な方は、ご相談下さい。



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「アフリカの障害者の現状と課題:ろう者の取り組み、JICA研修の波紋」報告

12日の日曜日、秋葉原駅徒歩2分のBBT大学秋葉原キャンパスで、AJF・DPI日本会
議・GCOE生存学合同学習会「アフリカの障害者の現状と課題:ろう者の取り組
み、JICA研修の波紋」を開催しました。
昨年7月、12月、今年3月に開催した学習会の参加者が、報告者も含めて7人、10
人余り、20人弱だったのに対し、今回は、手話通訳、要約筆記、磁気ループを
用意したことから手話話者、難聴者だけでも7〜8人参加し、全体として40人近く
が参加する学習会になりました。
で、会場に用意された机のうち、報告者、手話通訳、要約筆記が必要とするもの
だけ残し、椅子だけを並べて学習会を開催しました。
最初の報告は、ケニアのろう者の就労問題。地元のろう者の協力を得て、夜のナ
イロビでクラブの入り口近くで物売りをしているろう者たちにまでインタビュー
をしてきた原山君の報告は、臨場感があってたいへん興味深いものでした。雇用
してもらえないので、自力で起業するしかないという状況の中で、何人ものろう
者を雇用しているろう者たちへの聞き取り、胸が熱くなりました。
休憩後、JICAアフリカ障害者の地位向上コース・フォローアップ調査を行ってき
た中西さんの報告は、ケニア、マラウイ、南アでのワークショップと在宅ある
いはグループホーム在住の障害者訪問という、これもほとんど報告されたことの
ない内容でした。中西さんは、この調査をJICA研修に活かしていくだけでな
く、マラウイでの障害者自立生活センター設立支援の事業にもつなげていくと
語っていました。また、来年10月に南ア・ダーバンで開かれるDPI(?)の世界
大会への参加呼びかけもありました。
pdfファイル化された当日のプレゼンを送ることができます。
必要な方は、AJF事務局へ連絡ください。
手話通訳、要約筆記者が帰った後、飲み物やスパゲティをとりながらの交流会で
は、筆談をしているテーブルもありました。



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【スーダンカフェ 2010】〜見て知って食べて、まるごと味わうスーダン〜

「スーダンって、どんな国?」

私たちCAPEDS(キャペッズ)は、2007年よりスーダン人留学生と共に首都ハルツーム州で
視覚障害を持った子どもや大学生の教育やスポーツをサポートしています。
今年9月には日本人スタッフ3人が現地視察を実施しました。

「アフリカの障害者って、どんな暮らしを送っているの?」
「教科書のない子どもたちは、どうやって勉強しているの?」
「ブラインドサッカーって?」

本イベントでは、そんな疑問に答えながら、
ニュースからは見えない「等身大のスーダン」最新情報をお届けします。
なんと、今回はスーダン人スタッフの手作りランチつき!
クイズやブラインドサッカーを交えながらの美味しく楽しいひとときに、
是非ご参加くださいませ!

----------
■日時:12月12日(日)12:30〜16:00(その後同会場で懇親会あり)
■場所:Social Energy Cafe(http://bit.ly/9uPm2r
    〒156-0052 東京都世田谷区経堂2-19-5
(小田急線 経堂駅から徒歩5分)
■参加費:500円(12月3日までの事前予約/スーダンランチつき、資料代込み)
  ※当日参加は800円、料理なしの途中参加は500円となります
  ※懇親会ではお飲み物代を実費でいただきます
■定員:25名様

■プログラム
 <ランチの部>12:30〜13:30
  スーダン人スタッフの手作りスーダンランチをどうぞ!

献立: ピーマンの肉詰め(マハシ)とトマトに込みサラダ

 <報告会の部>14:00〜16:00
  スーダン視察から帰ってきたスタッフが、
  普段着のスーダン、障害を持った人々の教育や生活や
  CAPEDSのプロジェクトについてお話しします!
  (スーダンのおやつ付き)

お申し込みは氏名、ご所属、連絡先を以下のいずれかの方法でお送りいただきますようお願いいたします。
また、当日一緒にスーダン料理に挑戦するボランティアも募集しています!
・メール event@capeds.org
「公立なのに、この盲学校には子どものための点字教科書が足りないんだ」
「ずっと家の中だったけど、ブラインドサッカーを始めて夢ができたよ」

彼らの声を通して知ったスーダンは、厳しい現実と、一方で希望にあふれていました。

当日皆様とそんなスーダンでお会いできるのをお待ちしております。

------------------------------------------------------------

■主催:NPO法人 スーダン障害者教育支援の会(CAPEDS/キャペッズ)
   (http://capeds.org/

★CAPEDS最新ニュース:
http://capedsnews.blog62.fc2.com/
★爆笑!代表理事ブログ「今日のアブちゃん。」:
http://abdin.blog96.fc2.com/

------------------------------------------------------------
現地プロジェクトや今回の渡航につきましては、
日本財団「夢の貯金箱」様、ザ・ボディショップニッポン基金様、
日本国際協力財団様のご支援を得て実現いたしました。
またご寄付をくださった皆さま、会員の皆さまに心より御礼申し上げます。

(順不同、敬称略)
★日本財団「夢の貯金箱」:
http://www.nippon-foundation.or.jp/yumecho/
★ザ・ボディショップニッポン基金:
http://www.the-body-shop.co.jp/values/act_japan/grant.html
★日本国際協力財団:
http://www1.tcn-catv.ne.jp/jicf/
-----------------


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ウガンダ北部で、障害を持つ女性たち、性的暴力や差別に苦しむ

Northern Uganda
"It is as if we weren't human" - Uganda

"You are useless. You are a waste of food. You should just die so that others can eat the food."
-Words of the people in a displacement camp told to a woman with disabilities in northern Uganda.

More than 20 years of displacement and war have caused approximatey 20 percent of Ugandans to have disabilities, according to Human Rights Watch.

Though there is a lack of data of the humber of the women with disabilities in the country, this population is probably higher in northern Uganda where rebels of the Lord's Resistance Army have waged war on the government for over two decades.

Many women lost the use of limbs due to landmines or gunshots wounds, were mutilated by rebels, sustained injuries in fires, or were never vaccinated for disabling illnesses such as polio.

Today, women with physical, sensory, mental, and intellectual disabilities face a more complex and grueling process of return and relocation than their neighbours: they are subject to social stigma, sexual violence, denied access to justice, and their reproductive and maternal health needs are often not met.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.asafeworldforwomen.org/war-rape/440-women-with-disabilities-in-northern-uganda.html

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/NewsArchive/artikel.php?ID=198517




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Man kills father and disabled brother in Nyahururu

Kenya Broadcasting Corporation
Written By:Lydia Mwangi, Posted: Sun, Dec 12, 2010

Grief struck Ngomongo village in Nyahururu on Sunday when a man killed his father over a land dispute before torching his house leading to the death of his disabled brother.

According to residents, then man identified as Newton Kange'ethe went to his father's house Saturday night and hours later an argument ensued.

According to his sister Mrs Teresia Wambui, the assailant, a farmhand at a neighboring farm came home and demanded to have a talk with his father Harun Mungai aged 75 years.

She said she went to bed with the rest of her siblings and left the two talking in the living room.

However, Stanley Ndungu, the assailants' brother who was asleep says he was woken up by commotion at 4.am Sunday morning and smoke from one of the rooms only to discover their house was on fire prompting him to raise the alarm attracting neighbors.

His disabled brother Daniel Waweru aged 28 years who was confined in a wheel chair was burnt beyond recognition as he could not escape.

Villagers who were eagerly waiting to celebrate their first Jamhuri Day under the new constitution were instead thrown into mourning with many still unable to comprehend the heinous act.

Wambui and her brother Ndungu escaped death narrowly as both managed to get out of the burning house through a window. Their efforts to save their brother were futile.

"We tried all means to save tour brother son but the fire was too fierce and so he died inside", said Mrs. Wambui.

Nyandarua Deputy Police Chief Jacob Kanake who rushed to the scene said nothing was salvaged in the inferno adding that investigations have been launched.

He said police were able to arrest the suspect at the Nyahururu bus terminus as he tried to run away. He is now being held at the Nyahururu police station where he is helping police with investigations.

However, the police boss said that preliminary investigations indicate that there was a long family dispute that could have resulted to the incident.

Residents who spoke to KBC said the deceased was being pushed by his son to divide their two acre piece of land so that he can put up his own house.

They said members of the Nguchanirio Farms were yet to get their tittle deeds and hence the delay in subdividing the land.

In another incident, a suspected robber was lynched by members of the public at Karai trading centre in Ndaragwa division of Nyandarua North district.

According to the deputy OCPD, the deceased was suspected to be behind a series of robbery incidents in the area.

He said residents stormed the house of the suspect who was sleeping and beat him to death.

Mr. Kanake said the deceased body was moved to Nyahururu district Mortuary and also called on members of the public not to take the law into their hands.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.kbc.co.ke/news.asp?nid=67992


、筆談をしているテーブルもありました。

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Angola: Disabled Children Want Dignifying Inclusion in Society

12月15日 AllAfrica.com
13 December 2010

Huambo - Disabled children affiliated to the League of Support to Integration of Disabled People (LARDEF) manifested Saturday in Huambo City the need for inclusion in a dignifying manner in the society, to satisfy their necessities.

The fact was manifested during the children Provincial Christmas where children with disability appealed to the institution of the government and its partners to support their integration in the society, taking into account their difficulties and limitations.

According to the children's message presented during Christmas party, which united over 300 children, the services might allow them to participate in sports activities, leisure in school institutions.

The provincial party of Children Christmas happened under the topic "Together for children, cultivating solidarity", in an initiative of the Children National Institute (INAC), with support of the wife of Huambo Province governor, Lu?sa Muteka.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201012140169.html




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Limkokwing offers to sponsor 10 students with disability

Mmegi Online - 2010年12月13日
CHANDAPIWA BAPUTAKI STAFF WRITER

Limkokwing University of Creative Technology (LUCT) has offered 10 places to young people living with disabilities to further their education in Botswana.

The P585, 000 scholarship was presented by Vice President (Corporate and Industry Relations) Mosoma Kgotla to the Permanent Secretary in the Ministry for Presidential Affairs and Public Administration Augustine Makgonatsotlhe, who was standing in for Assistant Minister Mokgweetsi Masisi.

The institution would be paying tuition and other academic costs while the Botswana government would be expected to cover the living expenses for the students.

Speaking at the official opening of the Limkokwing's first open day held at its Block 7 campus, Kgotla said that from inception LUCT had committed itself to delivering a university with the latest technological infrastructure and to providing education to 10, 000 students guided by the core needs of the country's economy and Vision 2016 ideals.

He revealed that the institution would be introducing short and part- time programmes to cater for the varied needs for continuing education, which would include serving employees who want to pursue further training.

Advisory board member Mike Klinck said the physically challenged must be allowed an opportunity to excel in their academic progression because they have much potential as exemplified by Gotlhe Balemogi, Limkokwing's former student who produces and presents 'Sensational Lives' on eBotswana.

When delivering his keynote address, Dr John Mothibi said that LUCT must be delivering what the industry needs from the partnerships it has forged with government key stakeholders like Vision 2016 Council, President's Day Independence Celebration Committee and the Ministry of Youth, Sport and Culture. He said the Limkokwing Entrepreneurship Acceleration Platform (LEAP) is a major milestone in the transformation of the tertiary education landscape in the country.

"LEAP does not only complement academic learning, but it brings the students in direct contact with the world of work and helps them develop practical and entrepreneurship skills and knowledge relevant to industry needs," Mothibi said.

On his part, member of industry advisory council and Managing Director of Native Group, Mpho Balopi said since the advent of Limkokwing in Botswana, the Native group has had the opportunity to experience first hand Limkokwing products through the engagement of full-time staff.

Balopi explained that the private sector is an impatient employer and requires graduates who are productive from the word go and have an immediate impact.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.mmegi.bw/index.php?sid=1&aid=7307&dir=2010/December/Monday13




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【アマゾンを利用してAJFに寄付を!】アフィリエイト報告2010年11月

現在、gCOE生存学創成拠点ウェブサイト内の[amazon]をクリックして購入された本のアフィリエイト・フィーを僕が受け取り、AJFへ寄付する仕組みができています。
このアフィリエイトの仕組みについては、以下を見てください。
 http://www.arsvi.com/b/a.htm
アマゾンを利用される方は、ぜひこの仕組みを活用して、AJFへの寄付につなげてください。

11月は321点、594,136円が対象となり、紹介料は29,484円でした。

今後も、使っているプリンターのトナーやインク、USBメモリー、またコピー用紙などが必要な際にも、以下の利用法を参照して、アフィリエイトにつながる購入をしてもらえるとうれしいです。

11月27日に9月分アフィリエイト・フィー29,909円を受領し、AJF口座へ振込みました。

昨年度は、以下のように45万円をこえる寄付につながりました。

2009年4月〜2010年3月 4,703点 458,695円(2008年4月〜2009年3月は 393,880円)


アマゾンを利用する際に、以下のいずれかの手順を踏んでもらえると、上記の寄付につがなります。

1)gCOE生存学創成拠点ウェブサイト、もしくは僕のウェブサイトにある本のリストから本を選びアマゾンを利用する。
 gCOE生存学創成拠点ウェブサイト http://www.arsvi.com
 僕のサイト http://www.asahi-net.or.jp/~ls9r-situ

 ※上記いずれかを「お気に入り」もしくは「ブックマーク」登録されると、アフィリエイト利用が簡単になります。

2)gCOE生存学創成拠点ウェブサイト内上記のアフィリエイト説明ページ、僕のウェブサイトの各ページにあるアマゾンへのリンクからアマゾンへ入って、本、DVD、CD、PCおよび周辺機器、日用品などを購入する

3)メーリングリスト、mixiで僕が本と一緒に紹介するアマゾンへのリンクを利用する

興味深い本

“眠り病”は眠らない―日本発!アフリカを救う新薬
山内 一也 (著), 北 潔 (著)  岩波書店 定価1260円(本体1200円) 2008年
http://www.amazon.co.jp/exec/obidos/ASIN/4000074806/ryospage03-22
内容(「BOOK」データベースより)
難病として知られる眠り病。蔓延するアフリカではエイズ以上の被害をもたらし、経済発展にも深刻な影響を与えている。眠り病の正体は何か?治療法は?地道な研究が300年近くにもわたって積み重ねられ、ついに日本で有効な物質が見つかった。効果的で副作用のない純国産新薬ははたして完成するのか。眠り病研究の歴史と現状を紹介する。
*アフリカNOW第87号で特集した顧みられない病気のための新薬イニシアティブ(Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative;DNDi)も参照してください。


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In Sierra Leone, Disability Congress Writes President Koroma

Awareness Times
NEWS : LOCAL NEWS
By Abdul Karim Fonti Kabia Dec 14, 2010, 17:08

The National Disability Congress (NDC) has presented a position paper on the status of persons with disabilities in Sierra Leone to President Ernest Bai Koroma.

The position paper contained a wide range of issues spanning from marginalization, discrimination to humiliation faced by people with disabilities.

“It is no hidden secret that thousands of people are suffering from various forms of marginalization, discrimination, humiliation, and a host of other vices as a result of their disability status. Regardless of the above ugly reality, we were all created in the image and likeness of God and thus, we are all equal in the sight of God,” the position paper dated Monday 6th December 2010 reads.

NDC also expressed concerns over the conspicuous failure of a good number of development agencies to include persons with disabilities in their development interventions.

President Ernest Bai Koroma

The paper noted that thousands of disable persons continue to roam the streets of bigger towns and cities to either beg or do odd jobs for their survival. “The situation is even worse for the disabled women, youth and children who are being abused, exploited and harassed on a daily basis,” the paper states.

The NDC believes that the issue of disability requires political attention and intervention. “The government has to address the wider issues of promoting justice for everyone, tackling discrimination and upholding rights by considering committed and competent persons with disabilities to be included in cabinet and all other strategic governmental policy making sectors,” the NDC position paper states.

The NDC highlighted that persons with disabilities remain severely under -represented in political and decision-making positions; disabled hold only 0.01% of parliamentary seats, and; the current representation of disable persons in cabinet is at 0.0%.

Alongside the position paper was a proposal for ‘rapid results initiative response programme’ and the NDC is eagerly awaiting answers.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://news.sl/drwebsite/publish/article_200516949.shtml




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600 visually impaired to benefit from FCMB

NO fewer than 600 visually impaired Nigerians are expected to have their eye sight restored through the Priceless Gift Programme, an initiative of the First City Monument Bank (FCMB) in partnership with Tulsi Chanri Foundation.

The programme, billed for four different geographical zones of the country namely Calabar, Brinim-Kebbi, Owerri and Yola, is part of the bank’s yearly corporate social responsibility programme leveraging on the joyous Christmas season.

The intervention, which is a continuation of last year’s, is focused on the promotion of free restoration of sight to the underprivileged in rural communities across the country.

Kenny Aliu, FCMB’s Group Head, Corporate Communications said: “At FCMB, we believe in giving back to our communities. That is why during the festive seasons we give the priceless gift of sight to the underprivileged and vulnerable within our communities. In partnership with Mission for Vision-Tulsi Chanrai Foundation, we are working hard to restore vision, reduce avoidable blindness, especially cataract, in rural parts of the country.”

The bank commenced the free restoration of sight in December 2009, when sight was also restored to 600 visually impaired persons in four geographical zones across the country. Also as part of activities marking the 2010 Children’s Day, FCMB organised free eye screening for over 5,000 pupils in Ogun State.

Meanwhile, the free eye surgeries and treatment has commenced in the designated centres since November 22.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://tribune.com.ng/index.php/health-news/14512-600-visually-impaired-to-benefit-from-fcmb




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PWDs lose faith in disability act

Discrimination of the disabled by society is one of the major problems undermining the progress of democratic practice in the country. It is always the dream of people with disabilities that so long as the disability bill is passed, their position in society will be influenced positively.
However, things did not work in their favour, as it is about four years since it was passed, but still people with disabilities suffer prejudice. People with disabilities are discriminated at the work places, and even in the use of public property. According to the United National Enable, about 80 to 90% of persons with disabilities of working age in developing countries, including Ghana, are unemployed. Globally, according to statistics, about 10% of the population is made up of people with disabilities.

Ghana's disability bill
The Ghana Parliament passed the Persons with Disability Bill on June 23, 2006. 'The disability Act, according to the Ghana Federation of Disabled (GFD), has 12 main objectives, some of these objectives is to create an enabling environment for the full participation of PWDs in national development, to ensure access of PWDs to education and training at all levels, to facilitate the employment of PWDs in all sectors of the economy, to promote disability friendly roads, transport, and housing facilities, to ensure access of PWDs to effective health care and adequate medical rehabilitation services, to ensure that women with disabilities enjoy the same rights and privileges as their male counterparts, to ensure that law enforcement personnel in cases of arrest, detention, trial and confinement of PWDs take into account the nature of their disabilities, and as well to ensure access of PWDs to the same opportunities in recreational activities and sports as other citizens.'
PWDs have been discriminated against for too long a time, and it is a good thing that the United Nations (UN), governments and organisational bodies have come to empathise with PWDs to free them from their plight. The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) 1995 aims to end the discrimination that many disabled people face. This Act has been significantly extended, including the Disability Discrimination Act 2005.
The bill, after many years of agitations for its passage, has finally been passed, but its implementation has always been a big issue, as the government seems to be too busy attending to other issues, rather than ensuring its implementation, and society as well refusing to help in the implementation.

Disability in terms of blindness
People with disability, due to the level of discrimination given to them by society, result in them not fitting into the job market, and are often considered not competent enough to fill a position,? even when they have some level of education. However, when they do not have any kind of educational background, they are totally ignored.
Sometimes, people with disabilities like limping or affected hands are sometimes considered when there job opportunities but how about the blind ones?? Disability associated with blindness is one of the frustrating kinds of disabilities among the disabled, as one is unable to see and find his or her way around. Unlike other kinds of disabilities, which can enable someone to be a shop keeper, the blind ones do not get that opportunity, as they even find it difficult taking care of themselves. Most of them resort into begging on the streets when they have no vocation like craft making, or are not helped by family members.

Story of some blind beggars
Okyeame Kojo, 43, Osei Kwame, 40, and Emmanuel Mensah, 48, are blind men who hail from Bodwiase. They always travel from their town to various suburbs in Accra to beg for alms. They often walk around in indian file, with their escorts, begging on the street. They sometimes sing while they roam about to attract the attention of people around. They normally beg in crowded places like lorry stations, or in the markets, with the notion that, at least, among the crowd there might be a Good Samaritan to make their day.
According to them, all hope depends on how much they make for the day, even though they are scorned both by young and the old, they are not bothered anymore, since the act of begging is their only source of income, and no matter the humiliation they encounter, they rest assured that someone among the crowd will have pity on them.
Even though life has not really been fair on their side from the onset, they learnt to get used to the whole situation, as it is their destiny.

Okyeame Kojo
Okyeame Kojo comes from Larteh. According to him, he has been blind from birth, and since his parents died when he was very young, family members have not really cared about him, and refuse to help him whenever he asks them for help financially. He said he is married with four kids, but unfortunately, his wife, as well, turns out to be blind.
Begging on the street is what has taken them through all this while, and they have even been able to take their children through school, with the oldest one at the Junior High School level. He said none his children are blind, and that the oldest child, who is a girl, sells sachet water during school vacations to help the family.
He mentioned that he tried learning a craft, but stopped midway, since he did not get the financial support needed to complete. Apart from that, he also joined an association for the disabled, but all to no avail. He said the association promised to give them some money to start their own businesses, but they had waited for a couple of years to no avail.

Osei Kwame
Osei Kwame, who has also been blind from birth, is married with four kids, with the oldest being 12 years old. He and his wife have managed to take the children through school with the money they get from begging. With him, he has a vocation in craft making, but the problem is people don't purchase his crafts, so he always runs at a loss. Since family members refused to help him financially, he resorted to begging on the streets with his fellow blind men. According to him, he was a member for the Ghana Blind Union, but did not see any benefit in the association, so he stopped.

Emmanuel Mensah
With Emmanuel Mensah he was not born blind, it came along in the course of his life. He is not married, and has no vocation, family members do not help him either, so he relies on begging on the streets for survival. According to him, the passage of the disability bill by the government was not useful, after all, since its details are not being implemented. He said the passage of the disability bill was something they were really yearning for, hoping it would benefit them, but nothing of that sought seems to be happening.

Paul Addo (Good Samaritan)
Paul Addo, who sews bicycle seats and plays the guitar, is their escort. He escorts them around the various vicinities. According to him, he does that when he is less busy with work, and moreover, also when the girl who usually escorts them has an appointment with other blind folks. He said since he can't help them financially, due to his business, escorting them is the only way he thinks he can offer his help.

Conclusion

People with disabilities had so much hope in the government when it enacted the disability bill into law. From the look of things, their hopes have been crushed, as the relevance of the act is not being visible enough.
People with disabilities are also important to the progress of the state, so should be given the same rights bestowed onto any other person, considering Ghana being a democratic state.? The enactment of the bill into law was a great stepping stone by the government towards achieving a better place for the disabled in the country, and it should, therefore, make sure it finishes this journey with the step it has taken.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.modernghana.com/news/307621/1/pwds-lose-faith-in-disability-act.html




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Rwanda: NUR's Visually Impaired Students Get ICT Skills

AllAfrica.com
Paul Ntambara16 December 2010

Huye - Thirteen visually impaired students from the National University of Rwanda (NUR), on Monday began a 10-day ICT training, funded by the Ministry of Education. The training is taking place at the university's main campus in Huye district.

The students will receive specialised training in the use of 'Jaws for Windows' software that was developed to help them communicate better and conduct research unaided.

Speaking at the launch of the training programme on Monday, Mary Kobusingye, who is in charge of Special Needs Education, observed that students with special needs join universities without any kind of preparation.

"More preparation should have been done before these students were admitted, we are however grateful to universities for finding solutions from within," said Kobusingye.

Kobusingye challenged the students to win the education 'struggle' and achieve their education objectives through working extra hard.

To demonstrate the ministry's commitment to support the visually impaired students, Kobusingye announced a donation of five laptop computers to five students in their final years to help them conduct research and write their dissertations.

She promised support to the university through training teachers in the use of 'Braille' so as to assist the visually impaired students in their learning.

Prof Silas Lwakabamba, the Rector reiterated the varsity's commitment to making the learning environment for the visually impaired students better.

He said that seven visually impaired students who will be moving to Kigali following the shifting of the School of Journalism and Communication, and the Faculty of Law will be helped to find accommodation near the new premises.

Jacque Mugisha, a third year visually impaired student in the school of Journalism slammed the university community for what he described as 'insensitivity towards the needs of students with impairments.'

"The community in which we live is insensitive to needs of the visually impaired, there is not enough equipment like computers and Braille paper and lack of skills in using these papers on the part of lecturers so as to ably help impaired students in their learning needs," said Mugisha who is also the representative of the visually impaired students at the University.

He welcomed the ICT training saying that it will be vital in conducting research and in the fulfilment of other learning needs.

"ICT development is top on the agenda of the country's development, we are grateful to the ministry for considering us for this training, with these skills, we will be able to communicate better with our lecturers," said Mugisha.

The programme to admit students with Special Needs started in 2008 with the first batch admitted at the National University of Rwanda and at the Kigali Institute of Education. The students, both male and female have visual and hearing impairments.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201012160215.html




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In silence, we do

Mmegi Online
GREG KELEBONYE

Kagiso Morapedi and Gaone Mokoto became the second deaf couple to be married in Botswana.

Their marriage was solemonied at the Baptist International Outreach Church in Ramotswa.

Kagiso Morapedi was not trying to prove any point when he married his sweetheart, Gaone Mokoto, over the weekend. He did, nonetheless.

The man is deaf. And so is his wife. But last Saturday, the couple took their vows. From a distance, the wedding at the church and the subsequent photo-shoot and celebration at home looked no different from any other. In the church, the bride and the groom sat facing the altar from where Pastor Yohannes Getaneh of Baptist International Outreach delivered his sermon. A young man stood at the pastor's right side, interpreting for the native guests who do not speak English. But to his left stood Mimi Dykes who, like the preacher, is a missionary to the Deaf. Her furious 'pantomime' on cue to the preacher clearly indicated that this service was not for an ordinary wedding.

In this church service, most people in the congregation have their attention fixed, not on the preacher, but on Dykes. This is because with the exception of a few family members, most of the people here are fellow worshippers of the wedding couple. And they are deaf! Even the brightly dressed bridesmaids and the confident men of honour are deaf.

As Pastor Getaneh declares, "Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife, and they shall be one flesh, " and exhorts the couple to love and cherish each other, there is a sudden flurry of hands and waving across the church hall. These are the silent cheers of the deaf as they respond to the exhortation of the priest. But hearing mothers, too, burst into ululations.

The pastor exhorts the couple to learn and master four basic principles for a working marriage. "You must learn to say 'I am sorry', 'It is my fault', 'Please forgive me' and 'I love you,'" says Getaneh, once again prompting that flurry of hands and the ululations. The husband must know that he no longer belongs to himself but to his wife and the wife to the husband. As Pastor Getaneh wraps up his sermon, the couple's pastor, Emelang Moikotlhai, takes up his place at the altar to administer the vows. Moruti Moikotlhai is also deaf. Infact, he is the man who set the record of deaf history in Botswana when he married his deaf wife 10 years ago. Today, the two have two beautiful hearing children, the older of whom is fluent in Setswana, Sign Language and English.

First Moikotlhai signals for Getaneh to join him at the lectern to bless the couple. The blessing is itself a sombre affair conducted in sign language. The bride and the groom must therefore keep their eyes open, as must those in attendance, if they should follow the supplications and benedictions unto the Lord. Pastor Getaneh takes a minute to talk to the couple in sign language before they take their vows. It is the second time that he has officiated at a deaf wedding in Botswana, the first having been at the time Moikotlhai got married 10 years ago.

Infact, he trained Moikotlhai at his school in Zambia, where he is based.

Outside Botswana, the man has much experience dealing with the deaf. In Zambia alone, he has seen and officiated at many such weddings. With 122 deaf churches, some of them attracting as many as 500 deaf members, Zambia has had many deaf weddings.

As a hearing guest bursts forth with the song, "Re a Mo leboga Modimo wa rona..." the deaf pick up cue from a hearing member who speaks sign and sing along. From the look on their faces, you cannot mistake their truly thankful attitude even as they express it in sign language.

Then the big moment. No one has come forward to give reason why the marriage cannot continue. And the couple knows no reason why the marriage cannot continue. Kagiso takes his vows. He promises to keep and to cherish his wife. To endure life's hardships and successes that it throws at them. His bride Gaone does the same. All in Sign Language. The church reverberates with ululations as new husband and wife wrap their rings around each other's fingers. Kagiso then kisses his bride before the two proceed to light a big candle at the centre of the altar with the flame from their little candles. Pastor Moikotlhai explains that the big candle represents the union of the two.

Suddenly there is the sound of Celine Dion's From This Moment On. The couple takes up the lyrics in Sign Laguage:

"From this moment life has begun
>From this moment you are the one
Right beside you is where I belong
>From this moment on...."

The emotion sweeping the couple and many in the church is palpable. "I am just so excited. Our marriage shows that this country is developing if the law appreciates that deaf people can marry each other. I very much appreciate the support that my family gave me. Today I am sitting next to my wife. I believe that it was God's plan for us to marry. For she was first my friend, then my fianc , now she is my wife," says Morapedi outside church after the ceremony. His wife enthuses, her gaze upon her man: "We are the second deaf couple to wed in this country. I am blessed."

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.mmegi.bw/index.php?sid=1&aid=7518&dir=2010/December/Monday20




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越境するケア労働 日本・アジア・アフリカ

AJF会員の佐藤千鶴子さん(アジア経済研究所)がAJF事務局に標記図書を送ってくれました。
2008年にインドネシアから、2009年にフィリピンからの看護師・介護福祉士候補者が日本へやってきて研修を受け、資格取得後、継続して日本 で医療・福祉労働に従事するという事態に注目している方も多いと思います。
以下、目次です。

越境するケア労働 日本・アジア・アフリカ
佐藤誠編 日本経済評論社 4400円+税 A5版 252p 2010年12月20日
http://www.amazon.co.jp/exec/obidos/ASIN/4818821454/ryospage03-22

第1章 ケア労働と国際移民の理論的考察 佐藤誠
第1部 看護・介護・家事ケア労働の国際移動
第2章 日本における看護移民労働導入の現状と課題 竹野ユキコ・佐藤誠
第3章 日本におけるフィリピン人介護労働者の3つの軌跡 マリア・レイナルース・D.カルロス
第4章 フィリピンにおける保健医療格差と医療従事者 マリア・エラ・L.アティエンザ
第5章 西アジアにおけるスリランカ人家事ケア労働者 中村尚司
第6章 看護師の国際移動 英国、フィリピン、南アフリカ 佐藤千鶴子
第2部 社会セクターにおける熟練労働者の国際移動 南部アフリカを中心に
第7章 南部アフリカにおける熟練移民労働とマクロ経済状況 レオン・ハートウェル
第8章 南アフリカにおけるジンバブエ人移民の流入 ニコラ・デヤヘール
第9章 英国の社会セクターにおけるジンバブエ人移民労働 エイドリアン・ベイリー
第3部 外国人受け入れの社会的状況
第10章 南アフリカにおけるゼノフォビア フセイン・ソロモン、ルイーズ・ヘーグ
第11章 外国人労働者受け入れをめぐる労使の対立 安藤次男
第12章 外国人の子どもの教育と人間安全保障・社会的再生産 小島祥美・峯陽一

「はしがき」に記された「タンザニアとザンビアの医師の50%、モザンビークの医師の75%が国外に移出する」に、改めて驚きました。
HIV/AIDSに関わる取り組みを追いかけていて、ザンビアやマラウイの大学で医師になった人の多くが英国ほか海外に出て働いていることを知ったこと、2004年バンコクで開かれた国際エイズ会議の際、南アTAC議長のザッキー・アハマットが「頭脳流出こそ問題」と提起していたことが思い出されました。
また、湾岸諸国で働くスリランカ人を追いかけている中村さんによる第5章には、

ウェブサイトを通じて、2008年度において死刑執行された罪人の国籍は、スリランカ人が第一だった、(略)刑法の制定や法廷の審理について公開される日が来ることを切望する

クウェートの中央刑務所を訪問した時、未決囚を含む約200名の受刑囚に面会することができ、シンハラ語で聴きとり調査を始めると、多くの人が無実ないしゃ微罪に近いと訴えていた。なかには、雇用主にレイプされた被害者であるにもかかわらず、雇用主の妻から姦通罪で告訴されたと訴える女性囚もいた

といった記述もありました。
高齢者であれ障害者であれ、それぞれに暮らす場面に入って仕事をするケア・ワーカーの労働状況の問題の一端が非常に鮮明に現れていると感じました。
国際関係の研究と障害や高齢者問題に関わる研究とを橋渡しする重要な仕事だと思います。
皆さんからのコメント、関連情報の提供などを期待します。



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Disabled are very capable

Sowetan
2010/12/21 | YAZEED KAMALDIEN

AN NGO in Cape Town has launched a project to help at least 500 disabled youth to find jobs in the next two years.

The Disability Workshop Development Enterprise (DWDE) is determined that people with disabilities are not discriminated against in the workplace.

Its director, Undere Deglon, said that the government's broad-based black economic empowerment laws had not done much for the disabled.

"Companies and employers are to a large extent ignorant about persons with disabilities. They do not know the levels of capability and expertise of these persons and tend to stereotype job opportunities.
They believe that blind people can only be switchboard operators," Deglon said.

"Persons with disabilities are also often perceived as being less productive, which does not make them attractive for employment," she said.

DWDE launched its Careers for Youth with Disabilities initiative this month. Deglon said at least six percent of South Africans had some form of disability. DWDE assists them to find jobs.

DWDE will run its project alongside the Disabled People's Organisation from Denmark, which has secured funding for the two-year project's implementation.

Deglon said the initiative would "assess youth with disabilities to determine the strengths and weaknesses of their vocational and soft skills".

They will be registered on a database and get help to develop a career plan. This will include training in writing CVs and job applications, assistance with computer skills as well as access to job interviews or links with training institutions, employers, employment agencies and business development service providers .

Deglon said: Employers also lack awareness and understanding of persons with disabilities. Companies do not have knowledge and understanding about what is involved in employing persons with disabilities and are ignorant about how to accommodate them".

She said: "Employers are largely ignorant about the types of assistant devices available and if they know might be inhibited by costs.

"Many companies are reluctant to recruit persons with disabilities and when they do, they don't adequately support them. This contributes to a high turnover rate," she said.

Families further inhibit disabled persons because of "stereotyping, stigmatisation and ignorance", she said.

"Youths with disabilities face this on a daily basis. Families might not see it as worth the effort to send a young person with a disability to school and many do not study further than matric if they even go that far," Deglon said.

"On the other hand, some parents tend to overprotect children because they do not want them to get hurt or experience discrimination.

"This can have a negative effect since the youngster will continue to be dependent on others," she said.

DWDE has made an impact on Wandile Basse's, 26, life. The information technologist lost his eyesight in an accident in 2006.

He didn't want to lose his independence and attended "mobility classes" at the League Friends of the Blind in Cape Town. Two years later, he started working at DWDE

"It is imperative for me to fulfil my personal responsibilities. I want a family and financial independence," Basse said.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.sowetanlive.co.za/news/2010/12/21/disabled-are-very-capable




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A Disabled Election-Observer for each Polling Station

ZimEye
By Jack Jiri for ZimEye.org
Published: December 21, 2010

Harare(ZimEye)-The National Association of the Societies for the Care of the Handicapped, Executive Director Farai Mukuta said every polling station should at least have one disabled election observer who will be monitoring elections next year.

“If funds permit we would like a situation where each polling station should have a trained disabled election monitor. This is important because people with disabilities are not given their democratic right of a secret ballot. They are always intimidated by the nature of being assisted to cast their ballot by election observers, “ he told Zimeye on Monday on the sidelines of a workshop his organisation was having in Harare.

He announced that through the assistance of other organisations they have already trained 317 disabled people who will be monitoring next year’s elections.

People with disabilities face several challenges during election time.
The visually impaired are at risk of having their ballot cast on the wrong candidate due to the absence of brail ballots, while those on wheel chair might not be able to access the polling station.

Meanwhile, speaking at a joint press conference at State House, President Robert Mugabe, Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai and Deputy Prime Minister Arthur Mutambara committed themselves to a non-violent election as the principals met Monday to review the progress made by the inclusive government over the past 12 months. (ZimEye, Zimbabwe)

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.zimeye.org/?p=25250




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障害とHIV/AIDSの両分野、共通の基盤を見出す

障害者とエイズ、HIVに関する記事です。

障害を持つ人々には、持たない人々同様に(あるいはより一層)エイズに感染するリスクがあるが、そのことに関する世界的な統計や、プログラムはほとんどない。しかし障害やHIV/AIDSに関する社会活動をしているリーダーたちや国連の保健機関によれば、その状況は少しずつ変わりつつある。

「とにかく統計が無い。ある国が『障害とHIV/AIDSについての統計が無い』ということそのものがデータといえるが、それすらない」と、HIV/AIDSに関する啓発団体AIDS Free Worldの Paula Donovan副理事。

世界の人口の10%程度が障害者で、そのうち80%が途上国に暮らす。エイズ感染予防の知識を含む性教育や保健サービスへのアクセスが困難。その一方、障害者は障害を持たない人たちと同様の性的活動をすることは2004年のYale大学・世界銀行のレポートで明らかにされている。さらに障害のある女性は、無い女性たちに比べ、性的な搾取やレイプ等の被害を受けることが多い。

57か国の障害に関わる啓発その他の活動をしている団体の87%が、関わっている障害者コミュニティにおけるHIV/AIDSの問題が「緊急の課題」だと考えている。

この問題についてUNAIDSが、2004年のレポートから7年たちやっと、エイズと障害の関係について現在行われている取組について調査を始めた。ゆくゆくはより深い分析と、障害者に焦点を当てたプログラムへとつながっていく、とUNAIDSシニアアドバイザーのEmilio Timpo氏。

またユニセフも各国レベルでHIV/AIDSと障害の関係について焦点を当て始めた。ブルキナファソ事務所では、15歳から64歳までの障害のある人たちのHIV感染について調査。対象となった人たちは学校に行っていない非識字の人がほとんどで、HIVに関する情報を得にくい。収入も低く、性的暴力にあったりハイリスクの性行為を強いられる傾向が。

「課題はHIV関係者と、障害について啓発している人たちとの間にあまり連携が無いこと」とUNICEF HIV/AIDS主任のKen Legins。「HIVについて議論する時、障害について抜け落ちるのは、障害について関わるグループが参加していないから。参加する必要がある」

障害とHIV/AIDSの関係については、今年7月にウィーンで開かれた国際エイズ会議で初めてメインプログラムで大きく取り上げられた。2008年のメキシコでの会議とは大きく変わった、とAIDS Free WorldのDonovan。その時は会場も障害者へのアクセシビリティが考えられておらず、障害についてはサテライトイベントでしかとり上げられていなかった。

UNAIDSは、普段は別々のイベントである世界エイズの日World AIDS Dayと障害者の日InternationalDay for Persons with Disabilitiesの間に、ニューヨークでHIV/AIDSと障害に関するパネルディスカッションを開いた。

2012年ワシントンD.C.で開かれるInternational AIDS Society Conferenceではより一層、障害について大きく取り上げられるだろう、とCouncil of Canadians with Disabilitiesの International Committe 委員長であるSteve Estey氏。2006年には「無」の状態だったことを思えば驚くべき変化。

しかしニューヨークでのパネルディスカッションでは、何年も続く両分野の連係不足について、なぜ国連機関が何もしてこなかったかについて質問が相次ぐ。UNAIDS civil societyアドバイザーのEric Sawyer氏は、まず基本的なサービスをスケールアップするというやり方のためと。「まずは予防のためのメッセージや治療へのアクセスを広めようと努力してきた。人々がそのようなアクセスを得られたなら、サービスのレベルを上げることができる。しかしもちろん、障害者にも同じアクセスを保証するために働いているし、人々にもそのような意識が生まれている」

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.plusnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=91415




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Fayemi appoints new HOS, Acting CJ Appoints deaf, mute LG staff as aide

Ekiti State governor, Dr Kayode Fayemi, has appointed the permanent secretary of the state’s Ministry of Finance, Mr Patrick Olubunmi Famosaya, as the new Head of Service (HOS), just as he approved the appointment of Justice Ayodeji Simeon Daramola, as the Acting Chief Judge of the state.

Also, Fayemi, in a rare display of loyalty to the cause of the underprivileged, appointed a deaf and mute staff member of Oye Local Government Area, Mr Kayode Ogundana, as Domestic Assistant in the Government House.

Famosaya succeeds Mr Olufemi Adewumi, who had been occupying the office since June, 2007 and the new HOS. His appointment was said to have taken immediate effect.

The state deputy governor, Mrs Funmilayo Olayinka, broke the news at a session held with permanent secretaries and general managers of public corporations and directors in the civil service on Monday.

She presided over the meeting held at the Executive Council Chambers of the Governor’s Office on behalf Governor Fayemi, who was said to be out of the state on official assignment.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://tribune.com.ng/index.php/news/14723-fayemi-appoints-new-hos-acting-cj-appoints-deaf-mute-lg-staff-as-aide




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NYEP employs 513 disabled persons

A total of 513 physically challenged people have since January this year been engaged under the National Youth Employment Programme (NYEP), Mr Jacob Adongo, a Deputy Coordinator of the Programme, has said.

The target is to employ about 5,000 of them by the end of 2011.

He said, this was part of efforts to improve the livelihoods of those with physical disabilities and enable them to contribute their quota to the nation's socio-economic development.

Mr Adongo was speaking at the end of year annual delegates' conference of the Ghana Federation of the Disabled (GFD) at Mannyia, near Abuakwa, in the Atwima-Nwabiagya District.

More than 60 delegates from all over the country were there to take stock of their activities for the year and plan for the future.

Mr Adongo said the NYEP's recently introduced modules including Kente Weaving, Hairdressing and Carpentry and Joinery, are designed to help equip persons with disabilities with employable skills.

The Deputy Coordinator said trainees after the completion of their apprenticeship would be provided with basic tools and start-up capital to establish their own businesses.

Mr Kwasi Asare, out-going President of the Federation, commended the media for highlighting disability issues and said he was hopeful that this would continue.

Mr Joseph Adu-Boampong, the in-coming President, said they were grateful to the government for establishing a Disability Unit within the NYEP to take care of their interests and wellbeing.

The vision of the federation, he explained, was to empower its members, especially the women, to make positive contribution towards national progress.

Mrs Rita Kyeremaa Kusi, Executive Director of the GFD, spoke about the need for them to stand together and to speak with a common voice to protect their interests.

GNA

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://accra-mail.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=29608:nyep-employs-513-disabled-persons&catid=60:main-news&Itemid=209




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Parents asked to educate their disabled children-Headmistress

The Headmistress of Agona Swedru Salvation Army School of the Deaf, Mrs Favoua Aflakovi, has appealed to parents to send their physically-challenged children to school.

She made the call when addressing traders at the Mandela Market Square in Agona Swedru as part of activities marking the Annual Day celebration of the School.

The theme for the celebration was "creating awareness for patents to send their deaf children to school."

The headmistress said education was key to development and therefore must be given to every child.

Mrs Aflakovi said the school started with 24 children and now has student population of 125 children.

The headmistress commended the government for including the school in the School Feeding Programme and the Capitation Grant and called for the completion of a GETFUND project started two years ago.

GNA

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.modernghana.com/news/308974/1/parents-asked-to-educate-their-disabled-children-h.html




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Volta Region emerges winners of Disabled Games

Volta Region emerged the overall champions of a Disabled Games organized by the Disability Options Ghana (DO-Ghana) at the Athletics Oval of the University of Ghana, Legon.

The one-day event drew participating teams from five regions made up of the Central, Greater Accra, Eastern, Western and Volta who competed in disciplines including wheelchair racing, special Olympic soccer, goal ball, blind javelin, blind athletics, swimming and blind tandem cycling.

Volta Region garnered 68 points, one-point richer than Eastern, with Western third with 46 points and followed by Central and Greater Accra in that order respectively.

Ms Akua Sena Dansua, Minister of Youth and Sports who was the special guest commended MTN Ghana Foundation for supporting the event and DO-Ghana for the resources channeled into the organisation of the event.

Mrs Nabilla Williams of MTN Foundation, sponsors of the event, pledged her outfit's will to collaborate with Government and other developing partners towards enhancement of programmes of the disabled across the country.

According to the organizers, the Northern Sector, made up of Brong Ahafo, Ashanti, Northern, Upper East and Upper West Regions will also have their turn a later date.

The occasion was also used to introduce tandem bicycles which are designed to carry two persons at a time, which was manufactured by Tema branch of GRATIS in partnership with Disability Options Ghana (Do Ghana).

GNA

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.ghananewsagency.org/s_sports/r_23538/




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Government urged to provide interpreters for the deaf Bonsu

(E/R), Dec. 27, GNA - Evangelist George Frimpong, the Chief Executive Officer of the Church of Christ Deaf Ministry, has appealed to the Government to provide interpreters at hospitals, police stations and other important places to bridge the communication gap between the deaf and the non-deaf population.

He said the appeal was as a result of an arrest of a deaf by the police, who rather went to the station to report someone, who had stolen his mobile phone and was not understood because of the communication problem.

Evangelist Frimpong made the appeal at the fifth National Bible Camp for the deaf at Bonsu by the Church of Christ on Sunday.

The camp was to teach them with the word of God and also have the opportunity to meet with some important personalities in the country, who would be encouraging them.

He said by deploying interpreters for the deaf, government would also be creating employment for translators who were jobless and will help promote the "better Ghana agenda".

Mr Samuel Ofosu-Ampofo, the Eastern Regional Minister, called on private television stations to employ interpreters to translate their programmes to the deaf, who also watches their stations.

He said the deaf or physically challenged should not be left out in any program or policies in the country.

Mr Ofosu-Ampofo said in view of that, the District Assembly Common Fund has allocated some percentage of the funds to be given to the society.

He urged them to take advantage of some opportunities like the funds allocated to them by the district assembly, to form groups and do something for themselves.

Mr Ofosu-Ampofo encouraged them not to give up and not to be discouraged by their disability because it is not inability.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.ghananewsagency.org/s_social/r_23869/




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Minister celebrate Christmas with orphans and the deaf

Koforidua, Dec 28, GNA - Mr Samuel Ofosu-Ampofo, the Eastern Regional Minister, has feted children in two orphanages and a deaf institution.

The orphanages were Baptist School Complex and Orphanage in the Suhum Kraboa Coaltar District, Asiakwa SOS children's Village at Asiakwa and Church of Christ Deaf Ministry at Bonsu.

Mr Ofosu-Ampofo appealed to the children to advantage of the love, care and education given to them by their care givers and work hard to become what they wish to be in future.

The heads of the institutions expressed their gratitude to the Minister for his kind gesture.

At BOSCO the Minister was presented with a plaque for being the first Regional Minister to celebrate Christmas with inmates of the school.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.ghananewsagency.org/s_social/r_23897/




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100% pass rate for School of the Deaf

The Swazi Observer
31 December, 2010 08:49:00 By Fanyana Mabuza

“I am humbled.”

This was the brief response Siteki School for the Deaf Principal S’mangele Magagula could utter when she learnt that her charges had done her proud by achieving a 100% pass rate in the Standard Five examinations.

This was mores because it was her first year in charge of this school which caters for children with special needs, in this case, hearing impairment. In a class of six pupils who sat for the examination this year, one got a merit, another a first class pass and the rest second class passes.

Magagula observed that this was simply unbelievable while also paying tribute to her staff and the children for the hard work they put in during the year. “We have many challenges at the school when noting that we are not a mainstream institution. Our children have it so tough and when they come to the school, they normally have no language, so we have to start from developing one for them with which we can communicate.

“That is also a process on its own and we generally spend up to three years before we can start the school curriculum. Ideally, we would like to have children with such needs brought to the school at three years old, but that is not the case,” she said.

Training

She added that the school gave pre-school and sign language training to the children, which was used as the mode of instruction. She said there were two bridging classes, each of them taking a year before they could begin Grade One.

“This is why we normally have over-aged children. This year, the oldest was 19 while the youngest was 16. But they have a great zeal to learn and are a very hardworking lot. I am greatly humbled by the results and they show that hard work is always richly rewarded,” she said.

She said the main challenge was that the pupils - however - have no access to tertiary education, but expressed her hope that with the opening of a high school for the deaf at Matsetsa, such opportunities may become available.

“Right now after completing Grade Seven, they do not continue with school and simply transfer to the vocational school in Mbabane where they learn trades, even when they had a wish to continue with their education,” she said.

Magagula then expressed her gratitude to UNICEF which had availed a number of special support teachers who also have a hearing impairment.

“They have made the bridging easier as they teach the children sign language just when they start school. This has made our lot much easier and we are looking forward to better results even next year,” she said.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.observer.org.sz/index.php?news=19281



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