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アフリカ障害者の10年 2008年 3
African Decade of Persons with Disabilities


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作成:斉藤龍一郎
 *(特活)アフリカ日本協議会事務局長

アフリカ日本協議会(AJF)2010
HIV/AIDS 2010
グローバル・エイズ・アップデイト
Gender in Africa
アフリカの子ども
アフリカ障害者の10年
アフリカ開発会議(TICAD)
気候変動とアフリカ
アフリカと中国
アフリカとスポーツ
アフリカの食料・農業問題
アフリカの石油、資源
アフリカの保健・医療
アフリカのICT
ケニア共和国 Republic of Kenya 大統領選挙と騒乱
ソマリア海賊対策と自衛隊派遣問題
アルジェリア民主人民共和国アンゴラ共和国ウガンダ共和国エジプト・アラブ共和国エチオピア連邦民主共和国エリトリア国ガーナ共和国カーボヴェルデ共和国ガボン共和国カメルーン共和国ガンビア共和国ギニア共和国ギニアビサウ共和国ケニア共和国コートジボワール共和国コモロ連合コンゴ共和国コンゴ民主共和国サハラ・アラブ民主共和国サントメ・プリンシペ民主共和国ザンビア共和国シエラレオネ共和国ジンバブエ共和国スーダン共和国スペイン領カナリア諸島スワジランド王国セーシェル共和国赤道ギニア共和国セネガル共和国ソマリア民主共和国タンザニア連合共和国チャド共和国チュニジア共和国中央アフリカ共和国トーゴ共和国ナイジェリア連邦共和国ナミビア共和国ニジェール共和国ブルキナファソブルンジ共和国ベナン共和国ボツワナ共和国マダガスカル共和国マラウイ共和国マリ共和国南アフリカ共和国南スーダン共和国モーリシャス共和国モーリタニア・イスラム共和国モザンビーク共和国モロッコ王国リビア(旧 大リビア・アラブ社会主義人民ジャマーヒリーヤ国)リベリア共和国ルワンダ共和国レソト王国
※外務省ウェブサイトを基に、国名を表記しています。

○2007年までのニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 〜2007年
○2008年1月〜3月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2008年 1
○2008年4月〜6月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2008年 2
○2008年10月〜12月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2008年 4
○2009年1月〜6月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2009年 1
○最新のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年

* 主としてアジア経済研究所の「障害と開発」メーリングリストで紹介された記事を収録しています。
  「障害と開発」メーリングリストについては、次のページをご覧下さい。
  アジア経済研究所 森壮也

◆2008/07 The Independent Living Institute GLIMPSES OF DISABILITY IN THE LITERATURE AND CULTURES OF EAST ASIA, SOUTH ASIA, THE MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA.
◆2008/07/01 AllAfrica.com Angola: Lwini Fund Chief Defends Approval of Law On Disabled People
◆2008/07/02 modernghana.com Whose responsibility are our disabled children ?
◆2008/07/02 DailyNewsOnline ‘Report fairly on disabled persons’
◆2008/07/03 AllAfrica.com Cameroon: Opening Workplaces to Handicapped Persons
◆2008/07/04 「アフリカ障害者の10年」事務局 News - Newsupdate June 2008
◆2008/07/04 AllAfrica.com Ghana: Implementation And Creating Awareness of Disability Law Painfully Slow
◆2008/07/06 AllAfrica.com Nigeria: Meet a Disabled Permsec
◆2008/07/07 The Daily Times ICT facilities should be user friendly says Fedoma
◆2008/07/07 GBC Danish gov. supports anti-poverty relief for physically challenged
◆2008/07/07 News24 Dad sues over disabled boy
◆2008/07/07 The New Vision State told to enforce Disability Act
◆2008/07/08 AFP Prince Harry in Lesotho for disabled centre project
◆2008/07/09 The New Vision ‘PWDs need more help’
◆2008/07/10 Daily Sun MIRACLE ON TWO LEGS
◆2008/07/11 New Era Council to Monitor Disabled’s Welfare
◆2008/07/11 AllAfrica.com Ghana: Danida Supports Disabled Groups With $1.2 Million
◆2008/07/11 AllAfrica.com Ghana: Sports Ministry, Others Shun Disability Sports
◆2008/07/14 The TIDE ONLINE Deaf Federation bemoans non-sponsorship of programmes
◆2008/07/15 Sowetan HRC steps in to help disabled man
◆2008/07/16 ナショナルジオグラフィック グローバル・フード・クライシス - 第13回 エジプトで深刻なパンの価格高騰
◆2008/07/17 Jerusalem Post Arrivals: Simon Ash
◆2008/07/20 Angola Press Paralympics Committee Launches Disabled People Integration Project
◆2008/07/21 Angola Press Handicapped Benefit From ANDA`s Projects In Six Months
◆2008/07/22 modernghana.com Philanthropist gives to Disabled Sports
◆2008/07/24 Ghanaian Times 2 Disabled Athletes For Olympics
◆2008/07/25 AllAfrica.com Uganda: National Association of the Deaf to Receive USADF Funding
◆2008/07/28 AllAfrica.com Rwanda: Focusing On the Rights of Those With Disabilities
◆2008/07/28 AllAfrica.com South Africa: Govt Depts Encouraged to Employ People With Disability
◆2008/07/29 DailyNewsOnline Disabled Persons Bill for tabling this year
◆2008/07/29 AllAfrica.com Uganda: School Brings Hope to Deaf Children
◆2008/07/29 modernghana.com Division Within GSPD Causing Harm
◆2008/08/中旬 DPI日本会議 JICA研修「アフリカ障害者の地位向上コース」
◆2008/08/20 JICA東京, DPI日本会議 公開セミナー 「人間の安全保障とJICAの障害者支援」
◆2008/08/20 障害分野NGO連絡会(JANNET) 他 コーヒーアワー 「障害と開発」シリーズ 第14回 『ろう運動の南南協力〜ケニアからモンゴルに伝えること』
◆2008/08/22 Daily Nation Deaf and dumb and at the pinnacle of varsity career
◆2008/08/23 JICA東京, DPI日本会議 公開セミナー 「差別と闘うアフリカの障害者(カントリーレポート発表会)」
◆2008/08/24 AllAfrica.com Cameroon: Deaf-Mute SDF Militants, Language Hinder Fru Ndi Murder Case
◆2008/08/25 RI 第21回会議 「障害者の権利と社会参加:全ての人たちのための社会を確たるものにするために」
◆2008/08/26 AllAfrica.com South Africa: Air Force Gives Disabled Children Gifts, Air Flips
◆2008/08/28 AFP BB News 貧困の南部スーダン、防げぬ「感染症による失明」
◆2008/09/01 THISDAY That the Disabled Too May be Mobile
◆2008/09/01 AllAfrica.com Zambia: How Disabled People Will Remember Levy
◆2008/09/02 AfricaNews Malawian mothers of disabled cry out
◆2008/09/05 DPI日本会議 国際セミナー「差別禁止のための障害者団体の役割」
◆2008/09/07 The New Vision Deaf man pins murder suspects
◆2008/09/09 IRINnews.org NIGER: Garden for disabled takes root in desert
◆2008/09/11 The Daily Yomiuri Sign language from Africa
◆2008/09/11 Nigerian Tribune Senate to pass disability bill soon - Olajumoke
◆2008/09/11 The Times State still discriminates against disabled
◆2008/09/11 The SABCnews.com Disability equity lacking in public departments'
◆2008/09/11 BuaNews PSC concerned about disability non compliance
◆2008/09/11 News24 Disabled are govt job-hoppers
◆2008/09/15 KBC World conference on disability opens
◆2008/09/15 Daily Nation Leaders ‘shortchange disabled’
◆2008/09/16 Online Recruitment Jobs.co.za Announces Partnership with National Database for Disabled Persons
◆2008/09/16 African Press Agency Kenya-MDGs-disability-conference
◆2008/09/17 Ghana News MP donates wheelchairs to the disabled
◆2008/09/17 Ecumenical News International African disabled people 'left out' of UN anti-poverty efforts
◆2008/09/17 AllAfrica.com Namibia: Barriers for Disabled Learners Must Go
◆2008/09/18 Tunisia Online News ICT help Tunisian disabled in social integration
◆2008/09/20 Standard Disabled yes, but very able
◆2008/09/22 AllAfrica.com Zambia: People With Disability Derserve Our Attention
◆2008/09/22 AllAfrica.com Angola: Handicapped Association Seeks Candidature for Faped Presidency
◆2008/09/23 IT News Africa Tanzania urged to implement e-policy for the disabled
◆2008/09/23 Business Daily Africa Orient pioneers tech - driven insurance sales
◆2008/09/25 Daily Nation Law that did not smooth the way for the disabled
◆2008/09/25 AllAfrica.com Nigeria: NCS Wants Disabled Persons to Participate in Politics
◆2008/09/25 AllAfrica.com Namibia: Special School Celebrates Coming of Age
◆2008/09/26 障害分野NGO連絡会(JANNET) 他 コーヒーアワー 「障害と開発」シリーズ 第15回 『視覚障害当事者が見る教育事情〜スーダンとネパールの経験』
◆2008/09/26 AllAfrica.com Ghana: Adidas Support School for the Deaf
◆2008/09/27 modernghana.com Programme to integrate disabled children into regular school system launched
◆2008/09/28 GBC Heart diseases still number one cause of disability in Ghana
◆2008/09/29 AllAfrica.com Namibia: Free Bus Rides for the Disabled
◆2008/09/29 modernghana.com Society of Physically Disabled wants to be represented at the assemblies
◆2008/09/29 AllAfrica.com Ghana: Status of Disability Council Still in Doubt
◆2008/09/30 Akwa Ibom State DISABLED PERSONS WANT SPECIAL PROVISION IN ANNUAL BUDGET

【参考website】
■Child-friendly text of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Word/PDF)
http://www.unicef.org/voy/takeaction/takeaction_cfc_questionnaire.php
■International Rehabilitation Review, December 2007 - Vol. 56, No. 1, SPECIAL EDITION
(PDF)http://www.unicef.org/voy/takeaction/takeaction_cfc_questionnaire.php
(Word)http://www.riglobal.org/publications/RI_Review_2007_Dec_WORDversion.doc
■CBRトレーニングコースの情報
http://www.enablement.nl/(概要)
http://www.enablement.nl/pdf/newsletter6.pdf(コース関連や詳しい情報)
■アジア太平洋/中東/アフリカ地域における障害関連の資料(小説、論文等)のリスト www.independentliving.org/docs7/miles200807.html(html)
www.independentliving.org/docs7/miles200807.pdf(pdf)
This annotated bibliography lists a selection of 130 novels, short stories, biographies, autobiographies, materials from philosophy, anthropology and folklore, and literary criticism, in which disability, deafness or mental disorders play some significant part, from East Asia, South Asia, the Middle East and Africa, available mostly in English or French.
■WHOから途上国の車椅子ユーザーのための新ガイドライン http://www.who.int/disabilities/publications/technology/wheelchairguidelines/en/index.html

【Related Sites】
○スーダン障害者教育支援の会 http://capeds.org
【参考図書】
○アフリカNOW 78号 特集:アフリカ障害者の10年〜アフリカの障害者の取り組みは今
2007年10月20日発行 一部500円(送料実費) 必要な方はAJF事務局こちらへ
内容
○障害と開発 途上国の障害当事者と社会
森壮也編 アジア経済研究所

上記の本は、下記の研究会の報告書である。
http://www.ide.go.jp/Japanese/Research/Project/2006/429.html

本の巻末にテキスト・データの引換券が付いており、視覚障害者等のためのテキスト・データの提供もしている。

○『アジア経済 Vol.49, No.2』 「貧困のミクロ経済分析−貧困の罠を用いた文献理解」
伊藤成朗 ¥1,050 B5判 平均104頁 2008年2月

障害についても若干の言及がある他、エンタイトルメント不足を貧困の原因ととらえる視点から、
その解決策を経済学的に模索する論文です。

インターネットでは以下の箇所から注文できます。
http://www.ide.go.jp/Japanese/Publish/Ajia/

○アジア経済研究所叢書4 貧困削減戦略再考
―― 生計向上アプローチの可能性 ――

山形辰史編 ¥4,620円(本体 4,400円 + 税5%) A5判 280頁 2008年3月27日 [amazon]

この本の元になった研究会は、以下のものです。
http://www.ide.go.jp/Japanese/Research/Project/2006/421.html

インターネットでは以下の箇所からも注文できます。
http://www.iwanami.co.jp/.BOOKS/00/6/0099730.html
http://www.7andy.jp/books/detail?accd=32042401
http://item.rakuten.co.jp/book/5543197/

○アフリカと政治 紛争と貧困とジェンダー
わたしたちがアフリカを学ぶ理由

戸田真紀子著 御茶の水書房 2400円+税 A5判 212p
http://www.amazon.co.jp/exec/obidos/ASIN/4275005899/ryospage03-22

天理大学の戸田さんが、新著「アフリカと政治 紛争と貧困とジェンダー」を送ってくれました。
「わたしたちがアフリカを学ぶ理由」とのサブ・タイトルも付された本は、内容がもりだくさんで、論じられている事象や地域についてなじみがない人にはちょっととっつきにくいかなと感じました。
ケニアの女性が立ち上げて運営するママ・ハニ孤児院を紹介する終章「立ち上がる草の根の人々とその声」、次いであやうく「姦通罪」への処罰としての石打ち刑で殺されるところであったアミナ・ラワルさんが直面したナイジェリアの政治情勢を分析する第7章「女性だけが背負う重荷」と読み進め、そこで論じられている問題を読み解くために他の章を読むという読み方がありそうだなと思いました。

序章 アフリカを勉強する10の理由
第1部 アフリカの「民族紛争」の神話と現実
 第1章 アフリカの「民族」とは何か
 第2章 アフリカの民族紛争の「神話」
 第3章 突出する紛争犠牲者
 第4章 選挙民主主義が紛争を生み出す矛盾
 第5章 ナイジェリアの宗教紛争
第2部 ジェンダーから見るアフリカ
 第6章 アフリカの女性と「人間の安全保障」
 第7章 女性だけが背負う重荷
終章 立ち上がる草の根の人々とその声

序章のコラム、アフリカ援助に要する資金が全世界の軍事費の20分の1にすぎないことを紹介する註、そして債務問題がアフリカの子どもたちから未来を奪っていることを告発する記述で、参照されているスティーブン・ルイスの著作もぜひ一読してください。

Race Against Time: Searching for Hope in AIDS-Ravaged Africa
http://www.amazon.co.jp/exec/obidos/ASIN/0887847536/ryospage03-22



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GLIMPSES OF DISABILITY IN THE LITERATURE AND CULTURES OF EAST ASIA, SOUTH ASIA, THE MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA.

Miles, M. 2008-07. “Glimpses of Disability in the Literature and Cultures of East Asia, South Asia, the Middle East & Africa. A modern and historical bibliography, with some annotation.” Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs7/miles200807.html and www.independentliving.org/docs7/miles200807.pdf

This annotated bibliography lists a selection of 130 novels, short stories, biographies, autobiographies, materials from philosophy, anthropology and folklore, and literary criticism, in which disability, deafness or mental disorders play some significant part, from East Asia, South Asia, the Middle East and Africa, available mostly in English or French.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.independentliving.org/docs7/miles200807.html




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Angola: Lwini Fund Chief Defends Approval of Law On Disabled People

Angola Press Agency (Luanda)
1 July 2008
Posted to the web 1 July 2008

Luanda

The chairperson of the Lwini Social Solidarity Fund, Ana Paula dos Santos Monday here defended the approval by the National Assembly (Parliament) of the Law on Disabled People.

Speaking at the 10th founding anniversary of the solidarity fund, the entity referred that the approval of legal tools that grant the disabled an equal position with other people.

She explained that the Law on Disabled People will contemplate every profit, service and benefit in favour of these citizens, since it might lay the foundation for the instruction of the work being carried out in favour of the improvement of their living standards.

"For the success of this endeavour, the regulations need to be implemented", she said.

Ana Paula dos Santos, who is also the First Lady of Angola, expressed satisfaction at the work carried out by the organisation and promised to give her best in favour of disadvantaged persons.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200807010903.html




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Whose responsibility are our disabled children ?

By Mercy Adede Bolus
Feature Article | Wed, 02 Jul 2008

The plight of the physically challenged, particularly children in Ghana may not have been systematically addressed by various Governments and communites. There are various spectra of disabilities which may lack attention from our educational domain. For example; children suffering from dyslexic, dyspraxia, attention deficit, autistism, behavioural problems and others which may be caused by traumatic births, are not picked up at an earlier stage to get the treatment needed for them to reach their potential in life.

Our health care system does not have any screening for example, child health surveillance. This is where developmental progress in universal and it is free of charge also when appropriate with a referral protocol to provide services such as speech therapy, eye clinics, special needs schools. In many African societies such as Ghana, children with speech and language difficulties do not get the opportunity for a head start. Not only are these children labelled and bullied by their friends but also the stigma that is attached scars them for life. This also impacts on their confidence throughout life. If our current government is looking forward to a healthy economy for Ghana, then it may be worth considering all these things in the educational package to give them independence. In the developed world the physically challenged have gained employment in all areas and with the right head start for these groups in Ghana they will also join in our Government's determination to turn our poverty stricken physically challenged, speech impaired, sight deprived into independent individuals and a healthy nation of sound people.

Although the current Government's is working towardfs a very unique package educational . However, if the package includes our disabled children then it is a God-sent package. Our disabled do not want to end up as hawkers or beggars on our busy streets but useful citizens to help our economy. Currently there are moves to get rid of them. What are the alternatives for those poor street hawkers who have no other means to fend for themselves? Could it be that the system has failed them and they are trying to make something positive for themselves and our nation? Are children with any disabilites statemened and money earmarked for the extra edcuational needs?

If our Government would like to uproot poverty which is causing inequalities within our society then the implementation as suggested by the Government would need to be carried out very carefully and systematically. This programme could be ran in the evenings to accommodate such people so that within 6 months they would have gained sufficient knowledge to use those marketing skills they acquired from the hawking and the knowledge from the Marketing course could help the street hawkers to reap the benefits tourisms brings and divert into using their newly acquired skills to market their products professionally. We should not make the mistake of belittling people no matter their plight in life but rather reaching out to them half way to rise up and be counted. Every Ghanaian in the diaspora working in the field of child development with youth and children with learning disabilities should perhaps try and share their skills and experiences with our government. We are all trying to build a better Ghana and a better Africa. There is no need to re-invent the wheel and send people abroad to bring back such knowledge. Our Government is working with a very limited budget to solve many issues. If we claim we love our motherland then we need to be seen demonstrating this tangibly not just lip service and also picking up all the faults of our motherland and doing nothing but criticize.

All Ghanaians working in areas of children development and child health issues need to share their knowledge with the communities they come from? If you actually have such needed skills why don't share with the relevant organisations in Ghana.

There is the need to offer our support for our Government so that we could support and challenge schools to raise achievement levels so that all learners have the opportunity to fulfill their potential.

Parents do expect schools to work with them , children and the wider community, using positive role models to try and raise aspirations for our disabled bodied. Open evening classes gives parents an opportunity to air any worries.However this does not happen in ou rmotherland. Parents are left out in many case and governing bodies does not have much say.

All schools should by now have classes with is accessible to both the abled and disabled bodies . This would ensure that no one miss the educational opportunity. Our educational system would be seen as inclusive rather than exclusive.

There is the need to draw on schools strength, colleges and other educational institutions to create a city-wide learning community. Schools could be used in the evening for IT lessons as well as venues to teach street hawkers about marketing, slaes, PR techniques. No body should be left and the only criteria should perhaps be be full of enthusiasm to learn.

There is the need to make it easier on our children to follow courses that meet their needs and increase their chances of success in the workplace. Career counselling , work placements and career enhancement s. other intiatives.

Free parenting and support programmes need to be offered across the entire country. Support groups for parents of the disabled bodied and other developmental problems. We need to enable adults and children to make greater use of schools, colleges and off -site facilities to create more positive views of the educational experience.

Mentoring and coaching of students regardless of their abilities would be a useful service to help groom our youth to be aspiring citizens for our mother Ghana. No one should underestimate the abilities of people with challenge physical Disabilities. Tom Yendell's foot and month painting business put our groups of people with physical disabilities to shame as he is a Director of Art business in Selbourne in Hampshire. Looking at Tom it appears that being arms is rather a blessing. I will encourage everyone to google Tom Yendell achievement's by googling his name and see what unfolds. What is our problem in Ghana and most of the African countries. Why are we crying wolf all the time?

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.modernghana.com/news/172541/1/whose-responsibility-are-our-disabled-children-.html




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‘Report fairly on disabled persons’

MARY GWERA
Daily News; Wednesday,July 02, 2008 @00:03

The local media has been urged to use proper language when reporting about disabled people and avoid derogatory references on them. The Chairperson of the Editors’ forum, Ms Sakina Datoo said this in Dar es Salaam yesterday at a workshop for News Editors that disabled people should be regarded as normal humans who contribute to socio-economic development in the country.

Ms Datoo said that training sessions have to be organized regularly so as to enable reporters to grasp the proper language to use when writing news items about disabled persons. Ms Datoo also said that religious leaders should try as much as possible to educate the society that disability should not be taken as a matter of superstition but it should be regarded as an act of God.

The Executive Director of the Information Centre on Disability (ICD) Mr Kaganzi Rutachwamago said that disabled people in Tanzania face serious problems of poverty, ignorance, diseases, solitude and lack of involvement in all socio economic development activities. Mr Rutachwamago said that the disabled should be regarded as citizens entitled to equal protection under the law and human rights.

“Despite definition complexities, it is not disputed by any scholar or activist in the disability arena that the whole issue of disability is related to social exclusion,” he said. He urged the media not to write on issues that would hurt the personalities of disabled people - instead they should write on important positive things that would help them acquire their basic rights as members of the society.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://dailynews.habarileo.co.tz/analysis/index.php?id=5602




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Cameroon: Opening Workplaces to Handicapped Persons

Cameroon Tribune (Yaounde)
3 July 2008
Posted to the web 3 July 2008

Brenda Yufeh

A workshop to validate jobs accessible to handicapped persons in Cameroon took place yesterday in Yaounde.

It is surprising to say that a visually impaired person can be a goal keeper, a photographer or a dentist. But this is possible. A study carried out by the Ministry of Social Affairs on jobs accessible to handicapped persons in Cameroon was validated yesterday in Yaounde during a workshop. The study revealed that handicapped persons can work at any place provided the working environment and equipment they use are adapted to their nature or disability. During the workshop, the Minister of Social Affairs, Catherine Bakang Mbock, said handicapped persons can contribute to the development of the country that is why there is a policy at her ministry to better integrate them in the society. Hence, the workshop aimed at examining and enriching the results of the study in a bid to ensure that it is in conformity with the law.

Statistics from the United Nations indicate that eight percent of the population is handicapped. Unemployment amongst them is very high. Although there is no current data on the number of handicapped persons in Cameroon, Minister Catherine Bakang Mbock noted that handicapped persons in Cameroon are victims of discrimination and do not benefit from professional training that can enable them have access to the job market. That is why the current study is vital for it will put at the disposal of employers and decision makers, an effective tool to facilitate accessibility to pay or self employed jobs for handicapped persons.

Soh Rodolphe, Director of Social Protection of Disabled and Older Persons at the Ministry of Social Affairs says although jobs for handicapped persons are scarce in Cameroon, the type of job available to a handicapped person will depend on the kind and level of the person's disability. He however noted that handicapped persons need more access to education and training to better fit in the job market. The study permitted the ministry to know several potentials of handicapped persons which employers can use to recruit them. It was revealed that those who are crippled can perform all the jobs carried out by those who are not handicapped. What is needed is to adapt their working environment to their nature such as making their offices accessible. For those who are visually impaired, the study revealed that there are enormous job opportunities same for those who are deaf and dumb.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200807030952.html




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News - Newsupdate June 2008

(アフリカのニュース)
1.青年トレーニング、セネガルで行われる
2.汎アフリカアルビノ協会の設立
3.ガーナ盲人協会、意志決定に障害者の参加を求める
4.ジンバブエのメディアがろう者へ配慮
5.CBRに関する書籍が刊行される
6.ウガンダにおける教員の欠勤が普遍的な初等教育の脅威に
(国際ニュース)
7.北京パラリンピックのガイドが書き換えられる
8.アジアで障害者が強制的に結婚させられる
9.学習障害に関して
10.イベント紹介

Regional news update from the secretariate of the African Decade of persons with Disabilities, 2008

Regional News

Youth Trained in Senegal

Participants of a youth workshop held in May 2008 in Senegal pledged to aggressively advocate for the rights of children and youth with disabilities.

The workshop organized by SADPD facilitated the development of the vision, mission and purpose of the Decade Youth Committee. Eighteen youths from the region participated. It was a follow up workshop to another held in the same country in December 2007.

They said it was important to build youth capacity to claim their rights, through dissemination and establishment of networks.

They pledged to create databases to facilitate information exchange on issues affecting them.

For more information, contact Email:
nafisa@africandecade.co.za <mailto:nafisa@africandecade.co.za>


Pan African Albinism Association Formed


A regional body has been formed to address the rights of persons with Albinism. The pan African Albinism Association was formed on 7th May 2008 at an SADPD sponsored workshop held in Da res Salaam, Tanzania.

The founder members included, Botswana, Ghana, Senegal, Tanzania, South Africa, Kenya and Malawi. Other areas of advocacy that the association will address include, the incidences of violence perpetrated against persons with albinism.

Ritual killings of persons with albinism is a major crisis in East Africa and this is a critical issues that the association will grapple with.

In its effort to address specific needs of people with albinism, the association resolved to lobby African states;

Ratify and implement the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disability and its Optional Protocol.

Form a representative continental body that advocates, promotes and addresses particular concerns especially the rights of persons with albinism in Africa.

States authorities investigate and prosecute all cases of human rights violations and abuse of persons with Albinism especially gender based violence and ritual killings.

Governments put in place plans and policies that address discrimination against persons with albinism by ensuring effective, equitable, inclusion, and participation at all levels of decision-making processes.

States promote equal provision of services especially on the areas of health education employment and access to justice for all persons with albinism who suffer and are victims of exclusion and human rights violations

Adopt Albinism as a crosscutting issue that should be mainstreamed in national policies and plans.

For more information contact, Email:
Nikiwe@africandecade.co.za <mailto:Nikiwe@africandecade.co.za>


Ghanaian Association for the Blind calls for Inclusion of PWDs in Decision Making


For more information, visit
http://www.ghanaweb.com <http://www.ghanaweb.com/>


Zimbabwean Media Caters for Deaf Persons


CHIPAWO media in Zimbabwe has taken up the initiative and increased TV programmes for the Deaf in sign language.

The move comes at a time when the rights of persons with disabilities in Zimbabwe are under scrutiny. Though there are television programmes for the deaf in other countries, the initiative of CHIPAWO in Zimbabwe must be appreciated during this period when the country is in a political crisis.

CHIPAWO productions for the deaf in sign language grew out of the arts education and performance work began at Emerald Hill School for the deaf in Harare, in 1994 supported by World University Service (WUS), Canada.

For more information, contact
Email: chipawo@mango.zw <mailto:chipawo@mango.zw>


Reference Book on Community Based Rehabilitation Developed


The Community based Rehabilitation African network (CAN) has developed a reference book on Community Based Rehabilitation.

The book offers a participatory approach to Community Based Rehabilitation in Africa. All articles are authored by Africans and offer their own CBR experiences and case studies of their programmes, the problems they face and how they can be overcome them.

CAN is an NGO aimed at facilitating and sharing information about community based services for persons with disability and their families in African countries.

It was established to support CBR initiatives and to document good practice.

Its objectives include, collection of information about disability services from all Africa countries and to facilitate the capacity of CBR workers, to confirm their experiences between themselves and with other practitioners.

The reference book offers a range of views useful for stimulating debate by practioners. It has an appendix with discussion questions that could be used for conferences or workshops or a basis for discussions in training programmes.

It also has references to useful websites, which can be used by practitioners all over Africa.

For more information, visit: www.afri-can.org <http://www.afri-can.org/>


Teachers Absenteeism in Uganda Threatening UPE


Teacher absenteeism in Primary schools in Uganda threatens to undermine efforts gained in Universal Primary Education, a Millennium Development Goal.

According to a report “2007 state of Primary education in Uganda” released this month, teachers dodge classes because of delayed salaries, long distances and inadequate supervision.

The research carried out by Dutch operations Evaluation Department says teacher absenteeism is an enormous problem.
“There are a few reliable estimates but most figures range between 20 %% and 30 %%” , the report indicates.

In Uganda, there are about 13,000 primary school teachers, meaning that some 4,000 are absent from school at any given time. The report says absenteeism is higher in rural areas than in urban centres.

Pupils opt not to go to school because they do not expect their teachers to be there.

Source: The New Vision, Uganda 17th June 2008


International News


Beijing’s Paralympics Games Guide to be Rewritten


Organizers of the Beijing Olpmic and Paralympic Games have been forced to rewrite an official guide For volunteers after it was declared “ outdated and Disablist” by disability groups.

The guide is alleged to have stereotypes of disabled people considered to be outrageous. Concerns raised were found around the tips on how volunteers should interact with disabled people.

It described disabled people as “special group” with unique personalities and ways of thinking”. It is alleged to have stated that “Disabled people can be defensive and have strong sense of inferiority”.

The guide further warned that certain groups of disabled people are “introverted and seldom show strong emotions” or “ isolated, unsocial and introspective stubborn and controlling”.

Source: Disability now.


Disabled Asians Forced to Marry


A recent survey on disability among Asian communities indicates that disabled youth are being forced to marry.

The survey carried out by disability now shows a significant number of these marriages involve disabled people.

Many are subjected to domestic violence by family members to force them to marry. Some are kidnapped if they resist. Others are either sexually assaulted or raped if they cannot or do not give consent to intercourse once married.

The research indicates that a number of forced marriages have ended in murder. Saghir Alam, sitting on the disability committee at the equality committee at the equality and Human rights commission (UK) supports the rights of disabled people to marry.

“Ten or 15 years ago young disabled people in our community couldn’t get married and we certainly don’t want to prevent marriage. But there must be free consent under Sharia law. We don't want People being coerced to marriage”, he says.

He notes that forced marriages for the disabled is done by aging parents who fear leaving their disabled children behind to fend for themselves.

A UK Mp Dominic Grieve, the shadow Attorney General, has been reported to have raised the issue in parliament. “ there is a school in my constituency for children with learning disabilities. I am afraid that there is a consistent pattern of girls being removed at the age of 16 to be sent to the Indian sub continent to be married” he was quoted.

For more information, contact Email:
fmu@fco.gov.uk <mailto:fmu@fco.gov.uk>


Learning Disabilities Analyzed


Learning disabilities in school if not detected early, can lead to misunderstanding between teachers, parents and pupils.

Documented learning disabilities include: - Dyslexia. It most commonly affect a person’s ability to read, write or spell. Although there is no cure, people with dyslexia can be successful learners.

Dyscaculia is a problem that affects the brains ability to process and understand the meaning of numbers. Some children dyscalculia may not remember the correct order of operations when solving math problems.
They need carefully tailored practice to help them with math skills.

Dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects writing. Early treatment can help prevent or reduce dysgraphia.

Exercises can help improve hand strength and the ability of the muscles to remember how to write shapes. Teachers can help students around the disability. Assistance may include extra time to write, help with taking notes or even using a thicker than standard pencil.

Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder affects approximately five to ten percent of children worldwide.
Medicine can sometimes be used to help children experience calmer, clearer thinking for periods of time. However, there is debate about medicating children with ADHD.

Source: VOA

Olamide James in Nigeria, writes

“Thanks for this detailed update. It is really encouraging that we can continually get things done for people with disability in our countries. I want to thank all you wonderful people working at the secretariat to assist us in awareness creation in Nigeria”.


Upcoming Events


Regional


*6-7 July
*SADPD needs assessment workshop
Location: Rwanda
Contact: Nikiwe@africandecade.co.za <mailto:Nikiwe@africandecade.co.za>

*11-16 July*
SADPD needs assessment workshop
Location: Kenya
Contact: Thomas@africandecade.co.za <mailto:Thomas@africandecade.co.za>

*14-18 July
*SADPD in collaboration with Handicap International - adocacy & lobbying workshop for disability inclusion in HIV/AIDS agenda
Location: Mozambique
Contact: Gouwah@africandecade.co.za <mailto:Gouwah@africandecade.co.za>

*23-27 July*
SADPD needs assessment workshop
Location: Senegal
Contact: mohamedfall1710@yahoo.fr <mailto:mohamedfall1710@yahoo.fr>


International


*2-4 July
*Regional Conference on rights of persons with disabilities
Location: Thailand

*15 October
*International white cane day

*3 December*
International Disability Day

……………………………………………………………………………………............

Helpful websites
Www.afri-can.org
<http://www.afri-can.org/>
www.motivation.org.uk <http://www.motivation.org.uk/> www.wheelchairfoundation.org/ <http://www.wheelchairfoundation.org/> www.paranet.ch <http://www.paranet.ch/>
www.joniandfriends.org <http://www.joniandfriends.org/> www.africandecade.org.za <http://www.africandecade.org.za/>

The Secretariat of African Decade of Persons with Disabilities monthly News Update is circulated monthly. We welcome views and feed back from our readers. Your Reponses will always be published in the next issue.
For more information, please contact info@africandecade.co.za <mailto:info@africandecade.co.za>

Compiled by: Jane Mwangi
Edited by: A. K. Dube




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Ghana: Implementation And Creating Awareness of Disability Law Painfully Slow

Public Agenda (Accra)
4 July 2008
Posted to the web 4 July 2008

Frederick Asiamah
Accra

At the commemoration of the Second National Day of the Disabled on June 23, 2008, a call was made for the President J.A. Kufuor administration to be congratulated for the passage of the Persons with Disability Act (Act 715), 2006. But can a similar call be made regarding the implementation of Act 715?

The rationale for the commendation was that the 1992 Constitution of Ghana explicitly mandated Parliament, in Article 29, to enact legislation to protect the rights of persons with disability. In addition, the Constitution charged the Executive under the Directive Principle of State Policy in Article 37[2 (b)] to enact appropriate laws to assure the promotion and protection of the rights of the disabled.

Yet, "12 years after the promulgation of the Constitution, little had been done until 2005 when this government took the bull by the horns to lay the bill on disability to Parliament" (sic). Such was the position of Hon Paul Okoh, MP for Asutifi North and Chairman, Parliamentary Select Committee on Employment, Social Welfare and State Enterprises.

It is undeniable that credit must be given - as it has always been put - where it is due. Therefore, no one can begrudge the MP, but isn't government going to be complacent the moment we begin to pat it on the back? At least, there has been a semblance of complacency in the way government has approached the implementation of the Act so far. Otherwise, putting together the National Council on Persons with Disability should not take as long as it has taken government.

Thankfully, Hon Okoh was first to acknowledge at the occasion that "After the bill was passed into an Act, the strides by government; stakeholders and indeed the private sector has been irritatingly very slow." He had particular concern about the delay in setting up the council on PWDs: "One can say that, without this all important Council, all the efforts we have put in the enactment of the Disability Law had been delayed for almost two years."

It appears that on the account of implementation, a similar call for commendation cannot be made. According to the select committee chairman, the outcome of a recent disability audit tour, which the committee undertook to three regions to assess the people's awareness of the act and how it was being implemented, was unsatisfactory. He said, "I am afraid to report that the awareness is low and the implementation slow or nil."

Flowing from this is the need for all of us to intensify the education of the public about this important law.

"On this score the Parliamentary Select Committee on Employment, Social Welfare and State Enterprises promises to go to the other regions we could not visit during our previous tour and plead that other stakeholders would help in the propagation of this Act," said Hon Okoh.

Undoubtedly, the National Council on PWDs becomes crucial to this effort to sensitize people about the disability law. And that is why Mr S.K. Asare, President of the Ghana Federation of the Disabled (GFD) has pointed out that the enactment of the law was one thing and its implementation another. In view of this, he said, "government should expedite action on the law. We want the disability council formed and inaugurated."

Concurring, Hon Yaw Ofori Debra, Vice President in charge of Advocacy of GFD said, "In view of the crucial role the council is tasked to play, the government should act now to inaugurate the council and establish the secretariat for its effective functioning,"

One person who has not hidden his disappointment with the state of implementation and awareness about Act 715 is Mr Charles Appiagyei, a Senior Programme Officer of Action on Disability and Development (ADD). In a recent article, he wrote that "Public education and information hardly reach the deaf because sign language interpretation is absent. Stigmatization and exclusion are still rife because of lack of awareness on disability to erode negative mindsets and attitudes."

It must be noted though, that as much as government has the obligation to ensure the full and effective implementation of the law, civil society, PWDs and families, individuals and the media all have their roles to play.

As for the media, they must partner PWDs and their organisations to create awareness on the law, advocate its implementation, monitor its compliance and evaluate performance. Generating and disseminating relevant information on disability will add to advocacy and sensitization, said Mr Appiagyei.

On the other hand, "Ghanaians from all walks of life should lend their support to the cause of disability since it could be the lot of anybody at anytime," noted Mr Ofori Debra.

Hon Okoh's clarion call was thus: "The fight is yours, it is mine, it is ours and together we can succeed."

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200807040822.html




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Nigeria: Meet a Disabled Permsec

Daily Trust (Abuja)
6 July 2008
Posted to the web 7 July 2008

Nuruddeen M. Abdallah

Alhaji Usman Ahmad Nahuce became deaf at age nine after a bout of cerebrospinal meningitis. His impairment did not obstruct his ambition as he defies the odds to become a permanent secretary, the first audile person to rise to that position in Northern Nigeria. Sunday Trust examines this exploit.

Call him determination personified and you won't be wrong. He is deaf, but his gumption has today propelled him to the civil service pinnacle in Zamfara state. To him, disability only means ability to work harder to conquer the stereotype the society regards people with his disablement. He has been blazing the unusual trail by exploring turbulent terrain, a feat that characterizes his career that spans 29 years.

Alhaji Usman Ahmad Nahuche, Permanent Secretary in the Zamfara State Agency for Poverty Alleviation (ZAPA) is an unusual fellow who acts usual. His fortitude to overcome his disability took him to three continents in search of knowledge, he is today the only deaf Permanent Secretary in Northern Nigeria. In this encounter with Sunday Trust, he took this reporter into his life as well as the quantum challenges faced by people with disability.

Nahuche recalled with nostalgia how Cerebrospinal Meningitis (CSM) attack changed his chemistry of life as a nine-year-old primary two pupil, "I was a normal person for the first nine years of my life, so to later become deaf was something unusual and difficult for me. But I had wonderful parents who cared and catered for me. I continued with my education as if nothing had happened and adjusted to the new situation largely due to my immediate family members who exhibited greater understanding."

Nahuche's father, Alhaji Ahmad Nahuche, was an agriculturist that served as Divisional Inspector in the Northwestern state before his appointment as a junior Minister of Commerce during the civilian regime of former President Shehu Shagari. He died in 1981.

Apart from his supportive parentage, Nahuce also described himself as 'a very lucky man' because he suffered less discrimination both in school and the state civil service. "I am grateful to Almighty Allah for giving me nice colleagues everywhere I served. I was some how spared the usual stereotype people like me suffer. They always look at the prism of my ability and encouraged me," he said. Despite the sound working environment Nahuce has been enjoying through out his career, one denigrating fact which according to him remains, "they hardly call you by your name and the common name they usually refer to me is Kurma (Hausa word for the deaf).

But when Sunday Trust asked him how he carries out his functions in a situation where listening and talking becomes necessary? He replied that such demands hardly arose as all correspondence in the civil service are done in writing, thereby making it easy working in such environments. Though proficient in sign language, Nahuce hasn't had the cause to use that expertise here since he writes virtually all the time. For instance, this interview was conducted through the medium of writing.

Nahuce was born on April 23 1961 in Samaru, Gusau. His father's occupational mobility forced him to go through five schools for his primary education that started in LEA Primary School Daura, Katsina State in 1967 and ended in Dawaki Primary School, Abuja in 1974. He proceeded to Government Secondary School Abuja from 1974 to 1978. His date with the civil service also began when he was employed by the old Sokoto State Judiciary (Area Courts Division) in 1979.

He returned to school in 1983 as a Business Studies student at the Derby College of Education, Mackworth, United Kingdom. He was there for just a year as he got admission into Gallaudett University Washington DC in 1987 where he studied Accountancy and graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in 1991.

His excellent performance as an undergraduate enabled him have a stint in the Payroll Department of the university as well as a Master Tutor where he helped weaver students in the area of Accountancy. As a young graduate it was easy for him to be employed by a Washington DC-based Group Health Association where he worked for a year and thereafter came back to the country and resumed his work at the Sokoto State Judiciary in 1992.

As an accountant it was not long before he was promoted and transferred to the state Ministry of Finance and later Sokoto Agricultural Development Project. In 1996, after the creation of Zamfara State, he was moved to Gusau and posted to the Finance Ministry Headquarters as head of the Central Accounts Department up to 1999. He thereafter headed the Internal Audit Department at the same time acting as Deputy Accountant General of the state for a period of one year. He was a Chief Accountant in Salaries Section until 2005 when he was appointed Permanent Secretary and posted to Zamfara Agency for Poverty Alleviation (ZAPA), ministries of Works and Transport, Information and again to ZAPA.

On the plight of the disabled the perm sec advised that "I want Nigeria to emulate the United States. There, you have an existing law that emphasies equal opportunity to all and prohibits all sorts of discrimination which is implemented to the latter. I don't think we have such law here, even if we do have no one is punished for violating it."

Though reluctant to comment on his family life, Nahuche said everything is okay with him in the home front. "I have six kids, four boys, two girls. Two of them are in secondary school and none of them is deaf. Though I want my kids to emulate me and study Accountancy, I will however not compel them to do what they do not want," he said.

When Sunday Trust asked what his future plans were, Nahuche smiled and replied in capital letters: "May be gun for Zamfara state governorship ticket one day." He added: "Well, why not? If a cosmopolitan and advanced state like New York in the United States can produce somebody classified as legally blind as a Governor, why can't I?" Adding however that he will certainly pick his hoe and head for the farm one day after retirement.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200807071256.html




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ICT facilities should be user friendly says Fedoma

BY Bonex Julius
16:06:52 - 07 July 2008

Executive Director of Federation of Disability Organisations in Malawi (Fedoma) Mussa Chiwaula said last week that information, communication and technology (ICT) facilities should be usable by all everyone, including people with disability, as they play a crucial role in a country’s development.

Chiwaula said this in Blantyre when his organization presented to disabled people phones that were donated by MTL, TNM and Celtel.

“The phones have come at a right time when we are building structures in rural areas where there is need for communication,” Chiwaula said.

He said currently his organisation is discussing with Celtel Malawi Limited to bring phones that would be used by all disabled people including the blind.

He said during the World Information Telecommunication Day, which was commemorated on June 17 under the theme “Connecting ICT to people with disability”, companies pledged to donate phones that would be distributed to the disabled branches throughout the country.

During that commemoration, Malawi Communication Regulatory Authority (MACRA) donated five computers that would be used in Fedoma’s resource centre.

Celtel Malawi donated 100 Cell phones, TNM donated 30 Cell phones, Malawi Telecommunication Limited (MTL) donated 10 wireless phones and Sky Band promised to connect the internet for Fedoma for one year.

Chiwaula asked other companies to emulate what these companies did and called upon the beneficiaries to use the phones for their intended purposes.

Each disabled organisation under Fedoma received three phones one from each of the three phone companies. Five people received phones for writing good essays on challenges that the disabled people face on ICT.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.dailytimes.bppmw.com/article.asp?ArticleID=10192




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Danish gov. supports anti-poverty relief for physically challenged

The Ghana Federation of the Disabled and the Danish government have launched a project that will enable Persons with Disability leap out of poverty. The more than one million dollar project which starts this month is funded by DANIDA and will last for 18 months.The Director of Social Welfare, Mrs. Margaret Kutsoati who launched the project said her department will ensure that persons with disability realize their full potential.

The Executive Director of the Ghana Federation of the Disabled, Rita Kyeremaa Kusi mentioned the beneficiary groups as the Ghana Federation of the Disabled, Ghana Association of the Blind, and the Ghana Society of the Physically Disabled. She hoped the project will improve the advocacy and lobbying roles of organizations dealing with issues relating to the physically challenged. The President of the Ghana Federation of the Disabled, S.K. Asare, was confident that the project will help to transform lives of individuals with disabilities in Ghana.

Posted on: Monday, 7, July, 2008 Source: GBC NEWS

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.dailytimes.bppmw.com/article.asp?ArticleID=10192




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Dad sues over disabled boy

07/07/2008 16:29 - (SA)

Johannesburg - The father of a boy left disabled after being shocked by live electrical wires will sue the Nelson Mandela Bay municipality for R1.1m in damages on Tuesday.

The Herald Online reported that Mbulelo Mantla will claim damages before the Port Elizabeth High Court for the accident in Uitenhage in April 2000.

His son, Siphamandla, who afterwards spent nine months in hospital, lost all his fingers, the use of his right hand and suffered burns over his entire body.

Mantla said municipal employees negligently left live electrical wires in a public area.

"They should have known that leaving the power lines uncovered without disconnecting the cables from the power source could spell a potentially dangerous situation," Mantla says in court papers.

But the municipality said Siphamandla was warned not to touch the wires.

The R1.1m claim included R700 000 for future loss of income, R100 000 for future medical expenses and R300 000 for general damages such as suffering and pain caused by the accident.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.news24.com/News24/South_Africa/News/0,,2-7-1442_2353402,00.html




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State told to enforce Disability Act

Monday, 7th July, 2008

By Charles Kakamwa

IMPLEMENT the Disability Act 2006, the Government has been told. Francis Mugwanya, the director of Fathers’ Heart Ministries in Kampala, argued that the Act would, for instance, compel the owners of buildings to provide facilities that allow easy access for the disabled.

“There are so many buildings that I cannot access in Kampala like banks, hotels and toilets because they lack facilities for us,” said Mugwanya, who moves in a wheelchair.

Mugwanya was on Friday speaking during the handover of 95 wheelchairs valued at about sh30m to the disabled in Kamuli district.

The chairs were donated by the ministries in conjunction with the district pastors’ fellowship

The law would protect the disabled people’s rights to health services, employment and marriage, Mugwanya noted.

Kamuli speaker Thomas Kategere, said they would enact a by-law to punish the men who rape disabled women living on the streets.

“After making the women pregnant, these evil men deny responsibility, leaving the poor souls to suffer looking after the children.”

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.newvision.co.ug/D/8/17/637809




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Prince Harry in Lesotho for disabled centre project

Jul 8, 2008

MASERU (AFP) - Prince Harry was donning his work overalls on Tuesday as he joined in a project to revamp a centre for the disabled in the tiny African mountain kingdom of Lesotho, organisers said.

Harry, the third in line to the throne, was helping with the installation of wheelchair ramps throughout the 165,000 dollar Thuso Community Centre, currently home to a total of 43 children with profound physical and mental disabilities, but will eventually house up to 80 youngsters.

The 23-year-old, who recently undertook a two-month tour of duty with the British army in Afghanistan, was later due to take part in a football match organised by Kick4Life, a local charity which lured England's Italian coach Fabio Capello to Lesotho back in April.

Part of the funding for the building work has been provided by the local charity Sentebale which is also heavily involved in the fight against AIDS in the kingdom which is totally landlocked by South Africa.

Sentebale director Harper Brown said that the aim was to turn Thuso into the country's teaching and rehabilitation centre for disabled children, many of whom have found themselves orphaned by the pandemic.

In a briefing on Monday attended by the prince and reporters, Brown said that 80 people were dying every day from AIDS-related illnesses in a country with a population of around two million.

"Forty percent of Lesotho children are orphaned and the statistics are alarming. This is largely due to HIV AIDS," said Brown.

Harry is also due to visit the Lesotho Child Counselling Unit, just outside the capital Maseru, on Wednesday and also plans trips to a number of orphanages.

The prince has been a frequent visitor to Lesotho, spending two months working here during his gap year between school and university, and made a television documentary about the plight of the country's children in 2004.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5jwGtvHD9WCunLzfE6QVwvl62l3QA




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‘PWDs need more help’

KAMPALA-Different ministries should handle issues of the disabled. MP for the disabled Sophie Nalule on Saturday said the gender ministry, which currently handles issues of the disabled, was underfunded. She said since needs of the disabled cut accross, different ministries should help. “If a matter concerns education, let the education ministry handle it or if it is about health, let the line ministry help.”

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.newvision.co.ug/D/8/219/638116




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MIRACLE ON TWO LEGS

Boy who eats with his toes wants to be a doctor
>From MATTHIAS NWOGU, Umuahia
Thursday, July 10, 2008

At St. Vincent De Paul Physically Challenged and Mentally Handicapped Centre, Umuahia, there is no room for disability. The belief there is that every disability could be turned to ability and every child born or who develops disability could be assisted to make the best of his or her situation.

This was demonstrated at Patoria Hotel recently during the inauguration of Isaiah 58 House, an NGO that takes care of the handicapped, the underprivileged, widows and vulnerable children.

To drive home that the underprivileged could be helped to overcome or cope with their challenges, the organizers of the event had invited only cultural and drama groups made up of only handicapped persons. One of those, who participated in the drama of a troubled family was Master Chukwuebube Uzodinma, a handicapped child. In one of the scenes involving eating, he jolted the audience when he ate with his toes.

Though it could not be ascertained how and when Chukwuebube lost the use of his two hands, the two hands are shriveled and could not be used to do anything. Left alone he would have been a beggar as his condition is such that anybody with milk of human kindness would easily give him alms as he could not ordinarily do anything by himself.

Even when St. Vincent De Paul has given him hope, the little Chukwuebube, who is in primary four, says he hates begging just as he is determined to succeed in life as a medical doctor.
Chukwuebube, who speaks English language fluently, said he does not know the cause of his handicap but believes it will not stop him from becoming a medical doctor.

Becoming a medical doctor
I want to assist people who are sick to get well. I do not want people to suffer pains and I can do that if I’m a doctor.

Can you be a doctor without the use of your hands?
I can do it, even if I am the first person. If I can use my feet and toes to do what my hands and fingers should do, my teachers will teach me.

What can you do with your toes?
I can eat with my toes and very fast too and those who have fingers may not be faster. I brush my teeth with my toes. I write with my toes and my aunty says that my writing is very good. Nobody writes my exams for me. I also write it with my toes.

Chukwuebube who, however, stated that his sister washes clothes for him, said he learnt to use his toes to do what others do with their hands at St. Vincent De Paul School.
Chukwuebube was not alone in throwing aside the challenges of disability to enjoy his life, the deaf and dumb also did in one item of the entertainment.

It was dancing time for the deaf and dumb. With only one member of the troop who was normal without hearing disability, leading the dancers, the other ones danced in such a way that without being told, nobody would know that they were not hearing the beatings of the drums they were dancing to.
Rev Sister Vivian, who came with them, said the school has a cream of dedicated teachers who were committed to assisting physically challenged to grow up being useful to themselves and the society.
Representative of the wife of Governor Theodore A. Orji on the occasion, Commissioner of Women Affairs, Lady Chinedu Brown, said that Chukwuebube’s life reinforced her convictions earlier in the day when she had complained within herself as she was being pulled to an environment inspection by Chief (Mrs) Orji against her schedule that morning to have a rest.

She said that she quickly counselled herself that with the gift of good health she should not complain about work when others who would want to work are not healthy to do so. “But here I am now in this inauguration of Isaiah 58 to see live a person who is eating with his toes because he cannot make use of his hands.”

She commended the caregivers at St. Vincent De Paul for the hope they are giving to the inmates.
“As these children sing, wave hands, dramatize, eat with their toes, they demonstrate the need for all of us to be our brother’s keepers. I had wanted to complain, but something in me suggested I should not, after all I was healthy, had my hands, feet, eyes all working well. So, I decided not to complain and jumped out for the assignment.

“So, for me to come to see somebody who is using his toes to eat instead of the fingers, but I can use my hands, feet and eyes, I feel I have so much to give thanks to God for.”
Mrs Brown urged Nigerians to be challenged to respond to the needs of the handicapped in the society by donating for their welfare and assisting groups that are providing care for them.
The government, she said, should not be expected to do everything, adding that individuals have their personal roles to play in making life meaningful for the underprivileged.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.sunnewsonline.com/webpages/news/national/2008/july/10/national-10-07-2008-004.htm




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Council to Monitor Disabled’s Welfare

2008-07-11
By Staff Reporter

WINDHOEK

Namibia has a National Disability Council, in keeping with the provisions of the National Policy on Disability, which was adopted in July 1997.

The council will monitor the implementation of policy and identify provisions in any law, which may hinder the implementation of policy, and comment on legislation which may affect persons with disabilities, in any manner.

Other objectives of the council are to consult with persons with disabilities, organisations of persons with disabilities and organisations rendering services to persons with disabilities, as well as take steps in order to obtain the necessary information on the implementation of the policy.

Yesterday, Minister of Health and Social Services Dr Richard Kamwi launched the council and announced the council members who include Tuuliki Nekundi, Joseph Ndinomupya, Alexia Manombe-Ncube, Beata Shihepo, Manfred Howaeb, Pamela Somses, Tjiueza Tjombumbi, Linda Conradie, Mercy Kufuna, Kay Strauss, Meliherius Haukambe, William Bekker and Nuusiku Asino, who will stand in for Dr Lisony Kahikuata-Kariko.

The members of the council represent various organisations of persons with disability, ministries of Health and Social Services; and Labour and Social Welfare; the Namibia Public Workers Union and an expert on disability related matters.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.newera.com.na/archives.php?id=21846




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Ghana: Danida Supports Disabled Groups With $1.2 Million

Public Agenda (Accra)
11 July 2008
Posted to the web 11 July 2008

Frederick Asiamah & Yvonne Ablordeppey

The Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) has provided approximately US$1.2 million to support the disability movement in Ghana through advocacy and capacity building over the next 18 months.

The sponsorship, coming through the Disabled People Organisation of Denmark (DPOD), is going to finance a project called "Strengthening the Disability Movement in Ghana," which is a joint initiative by the Ghana Federation of the Disabled (GFD) and two of its member associations - the Ghana Association of the Blind (GAB) and the Ghana Society of the Physically Disabled (GSPD).

Public Agenda is informed that the sponsorship money would go up depending on the outcome of the initial 18 months. Potentially, the period of sponsorship could extend over the next five years. Precisely, US$1,161,455 has been earmarked for the initial period of July 2008 to December 2009.

These were made known at the launching of the project, on Monday 7th July, 2008 at the Accra Rehabilitation Centre.

The idea for the project evolved from the need to increase strategic interaction among disability organizations to strengthen the advocacy and lobbying activities of the major actors and benefit the disability movements as a whole, according to Miss Rita Kyeremaa Kusi, Executive Director, GFD.

She mentioned that a key expected output of the project was to develop an advocacy strategy based on a complete analysis of the political, economic, social, cultural, technological and legal context in Ghana.

Mr S.K. Asare said the project included aspects such as advocacy, capacity building, networking, gender issues and micro-financing. He said its successful implementation "would go a long way to transform the lives of individual people with disabilities in Ghana."

In addition, he expressed optimism that it would help to make the GFD and the organisations of persons with disabilities (OPWDs) under it more effective and efficient.

"The project will also go a long way to increase the sustainability of the Federation and the OPWDs in Ghana," he said.

Mr Joseph Adu-Boampomg, President of the GSPD, was of the view that the project will go a long way in strengthening the capacities of the disabled and others related to them.

Mr Alexander Tetteh, National Administrator, GSPD also stated that the import of the project was advocacy that targeted society in general, particularly the family who need sensitization and education on the needs of persons with disability.

Mr Yaw Debrah, Vice President of GFD in charge of Advocacy, emphasized the fact that the media had a greater role to play in the project by bringing to the attention of the public, through publications, the needs of the disability movement.

He announced that as part of the project, an award scheme was being designed to honour media houses which took interest in and integrated disability issues into their reportage.

According to Mrs Margaret D.Kutsoati, Director, Department of Social Welfare, "The time of considering persons with disability as non-productive people is over."

She said the project provided evidence that the GFD and the various OPWDs was on a forward move.

She also declared, "The age of hiding children with disability is gone forever."

She promised that her outfit will work closely with PWDs and urged PWDs who were being ill-treated by social welfare officers to report such officials to her outfit for prompt action.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200807110820.html




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Ghana: Sports Ministry, Others Shun Disability Sports

Public Agenda (Accra)
11 July 2008
Posted to the web 11 July 2008

Frederick Asiamah

Twenty persons with physical disabilities (PWDs) in the Greater Accra and Volta Regions can now play basketball and table tennis after receiving training in the two disciplines at a one-day training programme recently held in Accra.

Twelve of the PWDs have training in basketball while eight others have training in table tennis. They comprise both men and women.

The workshop was part of the "Sports Development for the Disabled" initiative by the Sports Wing of the Ghana Society for the Physically Disabled (GSPD). It was the fourth in a series planned for the various regions as a means of decentralizing disability sports. The next one will feature the Eastern, Ashanti and Brong Ahafo regions.

The initiative has a two-and-a-half year sponsorship from the Danish Sports Organisation for the Disabled (DSOD) to the tune of US$40,000.

But for the boycott by top public officials invited for last Saturday's event, the event passed successfully. The Sports Minister, the Greater Accra Regional Minister, the National Paralympic Committee Chairman and a host of others all failed to turn up and did not send any representatives.

This held up the event for almost two hours. But Abdul Aziz Mohammed, Chairman, GSPD Sports Wing, told his charges that they were not perturbed by the attitude of officialdom. "The main aim was not to bring dignitaries," he said, adding, "disability sport is not their (government officials) priority."

All the same, he regretted that despite Ghana winning nine of her medals at the 2007 All Africa Games through disability sports the government has continued to ignore the category.

Later, he told Public Agenda he was grateful to the DSOD because until they offered to support disability sports, there was no financial support. His pre-occupation at the moment, he said, was to ensure the success of the initiative.

What he was not sure of, however, was the sustenance of disability sports after the current sponsorship deal has run out in July 2009. He therefore appealed to corporate bodies in Ghana and elsewhere to offer support for the development of disability sports.

Aziz certainly would not count on government support because "We don't get any money at all from the government of Ghana. They wait for international competitions and then select some of the people we have already trained."

Alfred Quarshie, Secretary to the Greater Sports team of GSPD told Public Agenda after taking the trainees through the basic skills and drills in basketball that their performances were encouraging. His worry, however, was the non-availability of disability sport wheelchairs.

Selorm Abusah, a tailor with five years experience was selected from the South Tongu for training in basketball. He said the training was good but they lacked facilities with which they could impart what they learned to their peers in the districts.

Anne-Marie Bourgeois is in Ghana doing a project work on disability sports and she says all over the world attention for disability sports is lower than expected but Ghana's case is woeful.

She regretted that some persons with disabilities were out there begging while those in GSPD were developing their potentials. To her, those on the streets begging "have a negative impact on what people think about disability."

On her part, Abigail Solomon, a physiotherapist and a friend of the disabled called for resources to be devoted to the course of the disabled. She said they needed encouragement. "People should come down to their level and understand them; then they will realize that they (PWDs) are normal people.

According to her, persons with disability have a lot of potential which needs to be tapped.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200807110827.html




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Deaf Federation bemoans non-sponsorship of programmes

Monday, Jul 14, 2008

The Nigeria Deaf Sports Federation (NDSF), has lamented the non-sponsorship of its programmes by corporate organisations and rich Nigerians.

Uzoma Edwards, the Vice-President of the federation, told newsmen that since inception, no organisation or individual had shown interest in its programmes.

“We should not be underrated or ignored, we are able and fit in all aspects of sports, Edwards said.

He commended the Nigeria Football Association (NFA) and the Nigeria Football League NFL for its recent donation of jerseys and footballs to the federation.

Accoridng to him, the NFA gave the federation two sets of jerseys and 20 footballs, while the NFL donated 20 footballs.

Edwards said the kit was being used for their preparation for the Africa qualifier in Ghana in August preparatory to the Deaflympic Games in Taipei, China in 2009.

He appealed to corporate bodies and individuals to assist the federation.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.thetidenews.com/article.aspx?qrDate=07/14/2008&qrTitle=Deaf%20Federation%20bemoans%20non-sponsorship%20of%20programmes&qrColumn=SPORTS




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HRC steps in to help disabled man

15 July 2008 Penwell Dlamini

The SA Human Rights Commission (HRC) has responded to the plight of a near-blind man who has been kicked out of his job and flat because he cannot see after an injury incurred on his work premises.

April Rampeiwa was left almost totally blind after tenants of a block of flats in Florida, West Rand, assaulted him.

“Our disability rights coordinators and legal services will investigate Rampeiwa’s matter to see what can be done,” HRC spokesman, Vincent Moaga, told Sowetan.

Rampeiwa was a general worker at the block of flats where he was attacked in August last year.

He has already undergone one operation and another one is scheduled for November in a bid to save the eye.

Rampeiwa, 39, lost the sight of the other eye about 14 years ago in a car accident and now doctors are struggling to save the remaining one.

As if that is not enough, on July 1, his employer of 12 years fired him ? and kicked him out of the accommodation he had occupied for more than 10 years.

Rampeiwa said his employer told him his services were no longer necessary because “I cannot see following the vicious attack I suffered in the car park of the block of flats”.

He was admitted to Helen Joseph Hospital for a month after the attack, but when he was discharged, he learnt that his attackers had appeared in court on assault charges and that he he was not called as a witness.

Police spokesman Captain Lydia Mtila-Dikolomela confirmed that an accused was acquitted and another fined.

“We do not have the docket because the senior prosecutor at the Roodepoort magistrate’s court asked for it,” she said.

The National Prosecuting Authority said they were waiting for a report from the prosecutor .

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.sowetan.co.za/News/Article.aspx?id=801722




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Arrivals: Simon Ash

Jul 17, 2008 13:41 | Updated Jul 17, 2008 13:44

By GLORIA DEUTSCH

When I first set eyes on Simon Ash at the absorption center in Ra'anana, he was having an animated conversation with a young woman he had just met. The two were speaking in sign language because Ash is profoundly deaf, and the girl he was chatting and smiling to was the interpreter who was going to help me communicate with him so I could tell his story.

In his rather bleak room on the fourth floor, we held our three-way conversation - Ash addressing Lee Dan (who is often seen in a small circle on the evening news broadcasts giving the news in sign language) and she translating all my questions and all his answers, often simultaneously. Since Ash could not hear or even notice if I asked a question, it became quite complicated at times. Fortunately he is very voluble, she is very professional and the picture became clear as we communicated.

I was also able to get information from his mother's first cousin, Barbara Abramowitz, who filled me in on the background.

He was born in Johannesburg 25 years ago and his road to making aliya alone last year is best understood by tracing the milestones in his young life. His mother, Sheryl, only began to realize there was a problem with her baby when he did not respond to noises or being called by his name. According to the cousin, the family was at first totally devastated by the discovery that Ash was deaf. "But they dealt with it," she says.

His bar mitzva in Johannesburg was an emotional roller-coaster ride for the entire congregation, Pine Street Shul. He said the blessings he had learned phonetically, and the rabbi gave his sermon to Simon in sign language which he had studied for a year before. There was not a dry eye in the synagogue that Shabbat.

As there was no Jewish facility for him, he was sent to a Catholic school for the deaf where, to his family's horror, he began spouting anti-Semitic diatribes he had heard from fellow pupils. His older brother took him to meetings of the Betar youth group to try and instill some Zionism in his wayward sibling. Much later these same friends, with whom he had studied for 14 years, began getting into drugs and alcohol and he wanted out. He decided he would like to try his luck in Israel and was greatly encouraged by the Betar emissary who suggested he go for a trial period as a volunteer and offered to take him under his wing.

BEFORE ALIYA

He says his mother suggested he look at a deaf site on the Internet and try and find an Israeli girl who would be able to ease his path once he was here. He made contact with a girl, they wrote to each other and she visited him in South Africa in mid-2006.

"We didn't have good communication," he says. "She used American Hebrew sign language and I only used South African and it was embarrassing."

The first time he came, he booked into the Ra'anana absorption center and shared a room with other immigrants. He had very little money but he did get to find out about facilities for the deaf and he met the people responsible for deaf sports and played soccer with them, a game he had excelled in in South Africa. For three months he volunteered as a coach at the Onim School for the Deaf in Kfar Saba.

He went back to South Africa after four months and informed his family that he was going to make aliya. They were very happy, despite their concern about the difficulties he might encounter, and they helped him through the bureaucratic process in South Africa and in March 2007 he arrived back at the absorption center.

UPON ARRIVAL

With money a constant problem he found a job in the Ra'anana parks and gardens department, and worked every day from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m., outside in all weather and mostly hating every minute of it. In the evenings he would travel to the Helen Keller Institute in Tel Aviv to learn Hebrew sign language. When his mother visited in December, he stopped working and was accepted to the Beit Loewenstein program in which the deaf are taught on a higher level. This is what he is doing today. During this settling-in period, Simon was greatly helped by the Telfed Association and its various absorption services.

ROUTINE

He studies at Beit Loewenstein from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., just like a regular school. Then it's back to the absorption center for whatever activities have been laid on that he can participate in. He plays soccer for the deaf in the league sponsored by the Israel Deaf Sports Organization and goes to Tel Aviv three times a week to practice.

LIVING ENVIRONMENT

He has his own apartment with a kitchen attached, unlike on his first stint here when he had to share. Around the walls he has hung family pictures and articles about him that have appeared in the press in South Africa, in America when he toured with a soccer team and, of course, in the Jewish press with the story of his bar mitzva.

CIRCLE

He has a very good friend from Ramle who is also deaf and he often visits him and his wife on the weekend. He also has a large circle of soccer friends with whom he traveled to Eilat, where he discovered that he loved water sports. Other friends are mainly deaf for obvious reasons, but everyone seems to know him and people smile and wave to him as we pass.

FINANCES

He receives a small grant from the National Insurance Institute but mainly is living on savings at the moment.

FAITH

"I believe in God," he says. "No, I don't pray, I'm basically secular, but I'm grateful to be alive and I don't cry for what I haven't got. Do I get angry with the Almighty for having made me deaf - heavens, no!"

PLANS

"I'm hoping to learn to do something with my hands - perhaps become a plumber or a carpenter and be able to make a living. No, not gardening, that was traumatic. I'm not afraid of hard work and I'm not lazy. But one thing's sure - I'm happy to be in Israel."

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1215331005664&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull




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Paralympics Committee Launches Disabled People Integration Project

Luanda, 07/20 - The Angolan Paralympics Committee on Saturday launched in Huambo province a project aimed at integrating disabled people into the society, said an official source.

Speaking to Angop at ‘’4 de Fevereiro’’ International Airport, the chairperson of the institution, Leonel da Rocha Pinto, said that the event was attended by representatives from 16 provinces of the country.

“For us children are the priorities and they must not be left out in the ambit of sports. The objective of the project is to integrate young disabled people. We are struggling for an integration process and not a process of exclusion. When I say no to exclusion, we mean that we want to see common schools and not schools for disabled people only, which is now discrimination”.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.angolapress-angop.ao/noticia-e.asp?ID=635947




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Handicapped Benefit From ANDA`s Projects In Six Months

Luanda, 07/21 - Over 4,300 disabled people along with their family members benefited during the first half of this year from projects implemented by the National Association of Angolan Handicapped (ANDA), said the institution`s official.

Inoque Bernardo said this Monday here while assessing the project “Come with Me” and of under-projects “Also Come with Me”, “Taxi-Motorbike”, “Supportive and Rehabilitate 7, promoted by the Ministry of Public Administration, Employment and Social Security, NGOs Causa Solidaria and the administration of Social Solidarity Fund (Lwini).

According to the secretary, from January to June this year, ANDA reintegrated 2,957 people, trained 142, resettled 250 and physically rehabilitated 263, in a total of 4,347 beneficiaries.

In the ambit of the "Come with me" project, ANDA is distributing 250 taxi-motorbikes across the country`s 18 provinces with view to minimize the plight of these citizens.

Founded in February, 1992, ANDA counts, currently, on 30,750 memberscountrywide.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.angolapress-angop.ao/noticia-e.asp?ID=636266




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Philanthropist gives to Disabled Sports

By gna
Sports News | Tue, 22 Jul 2008

A philanthropist and financier of the Association of Sports for the Disabled, Mr Daniel Arhin, on Tuesday donated two tricycles worth 6,000 Euros to the Association.

The donation is to aid the Association in training members of the national disabled team for various international assignments.

Mr Arhin said he was motivated by the performance of the members of the national disabled team at various international competitions.

He noted that he is looking forward to an improved performance at the impending Paralympic Games to be staged in Beijing, China next September.

Mr. George B. Awuakye, Chief Sports Development Officer (CSDO) of the National Sports Council (NSC) expressed appreciation to the donor and urged him not to relent in his efforts and assistance towards the development of sports in the country.

The Chief Development Officer said the Council needs the support of philanthropists and the corporate world to help develop and promote sports in the country, adding that “Mr Arhin deserves commendation from all.”

Mr Cornelius Adjaa Cofie, Chairman of the Association of Sports for the Disabled gave the assurance that his outfit will make judicious use of the equipment.

He said members of the Disabled Sports have the required potential to excel at the international level hence the need for adequate support from individuals and the corporate world.

Mr Adjaa Cofie who described the equipment as one of the latest innovations in disabled sports competitions, said “Ghana will now be in a better position to compete with other advanced countries on the international scene”.

He appealed to individuals and organizations to follow the footsteps of Mr Arhin and support the disabled to realize their potential in all spheres of life

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.modernghana.com/sports/175427/2/philanthropist-gives-to-disabled-sports.html




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2 Disabled Athletes For Olympics

By Esther Yamoah
Thursday, 24 July 2008

Chairman of the Ghana Disabled Sports Association (GDSA), Rev Adja Coffie, has disclosed that Ajara Buzanka and Bostyo Nkegbe will represent the country at the Olympic Games in Beijing, next month.

Ajara competes in the 200 and 800 metres, while Bostyo runs the 100 and 200 metres in special running chairs - a tricycle specially made to suit their disability.

He told the Times Sports in an interview on Monday that Ajara is presently locked up in a Kumasi camp, while Bostyo who has benefited from a sponsorship package from Databank, camps in the U.S. He is expected back to Ghana by August 14.

Rev. Coffie has, however, appealed to the International Paralympics Committee (IPC) to help other equally good athletes of the association - Anita Forjuor and Patrick Obeng to take part in the Olympics.

He said people still do not believe that disabled sports have anything to offer society, calling on officials to help the sport to grow.

"Disabled Sports is basically to bolster the confidence level in the individual and to make them believe that they have a lot to offer the society, irrespective of their disability," he acknowledged.

He also lamented the lack of finance and facilities that would have enhanced their training.

"There is no place to gather the athletes for a comprehensive training and this has compelled some of them to resort to the act of begging in the streets".

Rev. Coffie, therefore, called on government to support the sport in order to attain the status it has aimed at.

"At the All Africa Games in Algeria last year, they were able to bring back home one gold, two silver and bronze medals", he stressed, adding if the sport is given the support it needs, more medals would be won for the country."

He noted that the Amputee Soccer Team has once been African Champions but could not go to Liberia to defend their trophy because of lack of sponsorship.

"The Government should invest in a sport like Disabled Sports which wins more medals for the country and is less costly as compared to other sports," he appealed.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.newtimesonline.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=17152&Itemid=213




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Uganda: National Association of the Deaf to Receive USADF Funding

United States African Development Foundation (Washington, DC)
PRESS RELEASE
25 July 2008
Posted to the web 25 July 2008

Washington, DC

The United States African Development Foundation recently funded the Uganda National Association of the Deaf (UNAD) in an effort to empower deaf individuals in the East Africa country. The grant is designed to build UNAD’s capacity, further serving the deaf population in Uganda by building a training resource center.

USADF President Lloyd Pierson stated, “ADF prides itself in working with marginalized groups to improve their lives. Deaf individuals in Uganda are one such marginalized group and we are very excited to be funding projects which will greatly impact their lives.”

UNAD, with headquarters in Kampala, is a non-profit organization that represents the deaf community in Uganda and works with deaf individuals to improve their lives through skill acquisition and income generating activities. However, UNAD lacks the financial and technical capacity to respond to growing needs. The $234,504 grant will partially fund business, sign language, and information technology classes as well as skill training such as knitting and carpentry. UNAD will also focus on job placement for the graduates and evaluate their program.

ADF strives to fund projects which will develop economies in Africa. Through this grant, 820 UNAD training program graduates will have meaningful jobs and 1,000 graduates will start or improve their own business. By working with people at the grassroots level, ADF is able to expand economies across Africa.

Regional Program Coordination Chris Fowles stated that; “this grant will help bridge the communication gap between deaf and hearing persons, reduce the marginalization of the deaf people, and increase the number of literate deaf people with technical skills that enhance their economic and social opportunities for improved livelihoods.”

The United States African Development Foundation (USADF) is a United States Government agency dedicated to expanding access to economic opportunity in Africa. Currently USADF operates in 18 African nations. Over the past 25 years, USADF has directly funded nearly 1,100 African projects representing in excess of $150 million in support of African enterprises and local African communities. For more information on USADF, its programs and application guidelines, visit www.usadf.gov.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200807250281.html




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Rwanda: Focusing On the Rights of Those With Disabilities

The New Times (Kigali)
OPINION
28 July 2008
Posted to the web 28 July 2008

Immaculate Chaka
Kigali

One Love Project coordinator, Gatera Rudasingwa receive funds from MBCBC coordinators Darryl R. Towers and Meredith Daun.(File photo)

People with any kind of disability are human beings too with rights. In some societies, they unfortunately face discrimination and violence.

Disabilities may involve physical impairment; sensory impairment, cognitive or intellectual impairment, to mental disorders. A disability may occur during a person's lifetime or may be present from birth.

Disabilities are also physical or mental limitations that make it harder to perform normal daily activities.

A disability can range from severe to mild depending on how much it limits the person's ability to perform normal daily activities.

Every person, regardless of physical, sensory, cognitive, or intellectual impairment should be able to enjoy fundamental human rights.

Human rights are basic privileges and freedoms which everyone is entitled to.

According to Article 1 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights; "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood."

The Rwandan law relating to the protection of persons with disability in general; says that every disabled person shall be entitled to the same rights with other persons before the law. He or she shall be respected with entitlement to human dignity.

To mention a few benefits, the law gives a disabled person the right to live in the family under the same conditions as others.

"A disabled person is entitled to the right of freedom of expression on any general national, on any particular issue he or she is concerned with and shall have a role in the national development of his or her country in accordance with his capacity."

"I am so glad that the Rwandan government passed a law that protects people with disabilities, this law gives us (vulnerable people) courage to go forth and claim our rights," says Celestin Nzeyimana, the secretary general of the National Paralympics Committee, (NPC0 in Rwanda.

Commenting on the rights of people with disabilities in Rwanda Nzeyimana said; they have the right to education, the right to travel when ever they like, a right to life, sports and games, a right to work and a right to communication to mention but a few.

Nzeyimana explained to the New Times, that though these rights are in place, vulnerable people with disabilities still face stigmatization; disabled people are still given insulting, deeming names which make them feel inferior, rejected and not loved.

Among these names are (Kamuga, Gicumba, and kigoryi).

"I was also a victim of the abusive names, we have the right to good, sounding and meaningful names, people should stop calling us such names," laments Nzeyimana.

Elaborating on the right to sports and games, Nzeyimana said that this is one of the rights people with disabilities are fully enjoying though they still lack facilities. Both vulnerable women and men are participating in different games and sports.

The NPC is involved in over 10 games and sports training people with different disabilities; these games include volley ball, sit ball, goal ball for people with vision impairment, power lifting to mention but a few.

23 year old Cliff Muvunyi an athlete also a member of the NPC, says "disability is not inability; like any other normal people, disabled people have the right to good paying jobs. It is unfair for a disabled person to win a job competition and later is denied the job."

Those working class people with physical disability; whose offices are in flat buildings always find it difficult to perform as they cannot manage moving up and down stairs every day.

The building systems in Rwanda should consider people with complicated disabilities while building storied houses, says Muvunyi.

Article 18 of the disabled rights related to employment says; "No discrimination of any form shall be subjected upon a disabled person in matters related to employment.

However, a disabled person shall be given greater access to employment opportunities than any other citizen in case of equal capacities or incase of equal marks in competition."

People born with any disability have a right to live. It is unfortunate for a mother to kill her own child at delivery when found out that it has a certain disability. This babies right to life is also another issue that is sensitive and which should be handled strictly and seriously.

Children and adults with disability have a right to life, they do have to be killed in the fear of giving them extra attention and care. It is also said that such people have no reason to live because their life is expensive.

It is injustice of the greatest order to force someone to death. It is God who gives life to us all, and it should be Him to take it away, not us human beings.

The responsibility to make vulnerable people live happily starts right from the family level and then to other levels.

It will not be only the government to find a solution; it is every ones role to see that he or she brings a smile to any person with disability near him. Give a disabled person a reason to live by allowing him or her to enjoy all their human rights.

Bravo to the government of Rwanda. The government has put in place solid policies which favour people with disabilities to enjoy their rights.

Today disabled people are being represented in all levels of leadership nationally and in the East African community.

The government is also working with the various ministry departments to main-stream, the rights of the disabled in all their policies.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200807281250.html




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South Africa: Govt Depts Encouraged to Employ People With Disability

BuaNews (Tshwane)
28 July 2008
Posted to the web 28 July 2008

Gabi Khumalo
Johannesburg

Government departments and provinces have been urged to accelerate the employment of people with disabilities so that the 2 percent target set by government can be achieved sooner.

Speaking at a two-day National Disability Summit held on Monday at the Sandton Convention Centre, Minister in the Presidency, Dr Essop Pahad has urged government to take a decision to ensure that by the end of 2009; 2 percent of people employed within the public sector are persons with disabilities.

"We have done well as government regarding the issues of disability, but we are not there and still have a long way to go before we reach the target," said the minister.

One province which has met the target is the Limpopo Province.

Mr Pahad acknowledged the provincial government for its success in meeting the target and encouraged other provinces to find out how the province managed to achieve this.

The Disability Summit aims to bring together stakeholders from government and civil society to discuss the implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD).

It will also strengthen the existing partnerships between government and civil society and different civil society organisations.

The UNCRPS came into force on 3 May and South Africa, as one of the first signatories of this convention and its optional protocol, will now be held accountable for the implementation of the convention.

Themed "Justice and Dignity for all", the summit will develop a united front to implement and monitor the UNCRPD. It will also inform a united and practical action plan for the implementation and monitoring of the UNCRPD.

Minister Pahad urged all political parties to put more people with disabilities in Parliament's National Assembly and provincial legislatures.

He also encouraged people with disabilities to form a united disability movement to help achieve their goals as a collective.

"Use this summit to socialise and get to know each other because in the end you can act for a common purpose, the outcome will assist us to take the struggle forward."

He urged them to tell government where it had failed and to help it address the weaknesses and gaps.

South African Human Research Council Chairperson Jody Kolapen said they had established a unit which monitored the human rights of people living with disabilities.

"We are not doing a favour by employing people with disability, it's their Constitutional right," said Mr Kolapen.

Lorrain Bam, a public servant with a disability, said employment access and transport were the major challenges for people with disability in the public service.

"A large percentage of people with disability have no access to essential basic services including health and education, we are not being consulted on major projects launched in the country on how they will affect us like Gautrain and taxi recapitalisation as most disabled people finds it difficult to use them," she said.

Ms Bam said government should look at the availability of resources for people living with disabilities in rural areas.

"In terms of policies, government is doing very well but it lacks the implementation," Ms Bam told BuaNews.

Mmanare Kgaka, who is employed at the Department of Education in Limpopo and living with a disability, cited the access to buildings as a major challenge for people with disability as well as the lack of availability of reception staff who know sign language.

"Everytime a person goes to the building, they need to be accompanied by a person who can interpret for them. Government policy persuades the government to ensure that we are being looked after but the implementation is too slow," Mr Kgaka said.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200807281156.html




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Disabled Persons Bill for tabling this year

Dailynews Reporter
Daily News; Tuesday,July 29, 2008 @00:02

A Bbill envisaging to protect and safeguard the interests and welfare of persons with disabilities is scheduled for tabling in the House in the 2008/09 financial year, it was revealed here yesterday.

The Deputy Minister for Finance and Economy, Mr Omar Yusuf Mzee, said a policy that would facilitate implementation of the Bill was endorsed by the Ministerial Cabinet four years ago. “I would like to assure you that this Bill will be tabled this financial year,” said Mr Mzee on behalf of the Minister for Health and Social Welfare, Dr David Mwakyusa.

Ms Margareth Mkanga (CCM-Special Seats) had wanted to know when the Bill would be brought before the House. The deputy minister said the draft bill for people with disability was already in place and that the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare was now preparing a cabinet notification.

The UN General Assembly adopted the first UN convention to protect the rights of the disabled two years ago. Mr Mzee said the convention requires countries to adopt laws prohibiting discrimination on the basis of any form of disability.

Its purpose is to "promote, protect and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities, and to promote respect for their inherent dignity." Upon ratification, participating nations must eliminate any existing laws that discriminate against the disabled.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://dailynews.habarileo.co.tz/editorial/index.php?id=6205




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Uganda: School Brings Hope to Deaf Children

The Monitor (Kampala)
29 July 2008
Posted to the web 28 July 2008

Joseph Mugisa
Kyenjojo

Sylvia Atuhurra, 21, is one of the five pioneers of Kinyinya unit of the deaf located in Kyegegwa Sub-county, Kyaka in Kyenjojo District.

The unit was started in 1998 under the initiation of Ms Florence Kabasomi, Atuhurra 's mother.

Ms Kabasomi says she started the unit so that her daughter and other children born deaf and dumb could learn how to read and write. It is located in Kinyinya Village, Kihamba Parish, Kyegegwa Sub-county, Kyaka in Kyenjojo District.

"I developed the idea to start Kinyinya Unit of the Deaf after realising that my beautiful daughter, Sylvia Atuhurra, who was 11 years old then, would never talk," Ms Kabasomi says.

She says Atuhurra sat for PLE last year, but failed.

Atuhurra and other pupils like her failed their exams because UNEB didn't send sign language teachers to help them in the examinations.

"We parents and teachers of deaf children are appealing to UNEB to always send sign language teachers to help our children during examinations," she says.

Ms Kabasomi says she was very happy that her daughter can now read and write and communicate with others using sign language.

The unit attached to Kinyinya Primary School serves western Uganda and part of the Buganda region and estimated to have more than 20,000 deaf children.

The children can now read, write and communicate with other people, a golden chance they would have missed if the unit was not started.

The programme officer of the Uganda National Association of the Deaf, (UNAD) development project for Kabarole and Mbarara, Mr Thomas Ajambo, says Action Aid Uganda in partnership with UNAD provided funds which were used to start the unit.

Mr Ojambo says the unit, which started with only four pupils and became fully operational in 2002, now has 120.

"Being able to write, communicate and read make deaf children at the unit much happier," he said.

Mr Ojambo says with support from central and local governments and development partners, the unit will one day meet its dream of teaching all deaf children in the region how to write, read and communicate.

The development partners, who have given support to the unit include; Action Aid, WFP, Save the Children , students from Netherlands and the Lions Club of Kyenjojo.

"Children with disabilities are missing out on many government programmes like education for all because of the disregard parents have for them," Mr Ojambo says.

He calls on government to consider starting a countrywide campaign to sensitise parents of deaf and dumb children that such children are equally important.

He asked government to give the unit funds for buying fire-fighting equipment, building a dining hall and more dormitories so that the girls are separated from the boys.

Other facilities needed urgently include well-motivated and qualified teachers in special needs education and training materials like books in sign language.

The unit currently has only three teachers and that staffing shortfall is responsible for the small number of pupils at the unit.

"The dropout rate is high at this unit because of few teachers.

We should have 150," Ms Kisembo the headteacher of the unit says.

She says the unit needs enough teachers because deaf children learn slowly unlike those who can hear.

As a measure to promote sign language learning, Mr Ojambo said the unit is planning to start a sign language club for Kinyinya Primary School to bridge the gap between the deaf children and the hearing.

The unit will train teachers in sign language, raise awareness on the education needs of the deaf children and educate the policy makers about the concerns of the deaf children.

He asked parents with deaf children to take them to the unit for training so that they can benefit from the government's programme of education for all.

"Our major aim at this unit is to teach deaf children how to write, read and communicate so that they can get employment and be self- reliant," he says.

Ms Grace Ampaire, the deputy headteacher of Kinyinya Primary School says some parents cannot afford to keep their children at the unit because of they are not able to pay the Shs4000 school fee.

She says some parents take their children to the unit and do not visit them for a whole year. "Dumping children at the unit is one of the serious problems the unit is facing," she adds.

The Kyenjojo District LC5 councillor for people with disabilities, Mr John Nyandera said there was need to carry out a census of all the deaf and blind children in the region for proper planning.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200807281865.html




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Division Within GSPD Causing Harm

By Samuel Opare Lartey, Koforidua - The Ghanaian Times
General News | Tue, 29 Jul 2008

MANY divisions and groups within the Ghana Society for Peoples with Disabilities (GSPD), is doing the society more harm than good.

Programmes and proposals presented by the different groups within the society are scrutinised with suspicion anytime they want help from the district assemblies thereby delaying assistance.

Emmanuel Asante Boateng, chairman of the society disclosed this to the Times in an interview, calling on his colleagues in the country to unite to enable their voices to be heard in society.

This was at the recent donation of rubber cutting machines to the Ghana Federation of the Disabled at Koforidua.

Mr Boateng noted that the Federation for the Disabled is the mother society and all the rest were created out of it but because they all have different agendas from that of the mother club/association, any time they meet there is a problem.

He appealed to all the various groups to come together as one people and join the main disabled association which is the Federation of the Disabled to enable them present one common front to fight for what is due them in the society.

"We are being cheated too much but we are all part of the nation", he said.

Mr Boateng also said some people are taking the advantage of the vulnerability of the disabled to form other associations to solicit funds on behalf of the disabled.

He appealed to the society to be careful of such unscrupulous people.

The chairman for the National Bureau for Students with Disabilities Mr George Sarpong also said that their focus was mainly on students with disabilities.

He said that the NBSD's main aim was to look for scholarships for students with disabilities in the tertiary, senior high, junior high and the basic schools in the Eastern Region.

He said that the group also seeks medical care and assistance for disability and trained some on batik tie and dye.

Mr Sarpong said that because they are not under the Federation of the Disabled People, the batik tie and dye project which was established for them by the New Juaben Municipal Assembly with support from some British NGOS is at the verge of collapse.

"We are not able to solicit funds to support the project because we are disintegrated."

He also appealed to all the physically disabled persons in the country to come under one umbrella to enable them do something meaningful for the development of the nation.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.modernghana.com/news/176333/1/division-within-gspd-causing-harm.html




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JICA研修「アフリカ障害者の地位向上コース」

詳細は未定ですが、今年もJICA研修「アフリカ障害者の地位向上コース」が8月中旬から9月下旬にかけて行われます。期間中、3回の公開セミナーも予定しています。




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公開セミナー 「人間の安全保障とJICAの障害者支援」

近年、開発において、「人間の安全保障」の概念が注目されています。人間の安全保障の視点から見たとき、障害者支援はどうあるべきなのでしょうか?また、では、人間の安全保障と障害者支援をどのようにつなげているのでしょうか? 講師に戸田隆夫さん(JICA開発班研究所準備室・調査役)をお招きし、途上国の障害者支援の中で人間の安全保障がどのように活かされているか、DPI日本会議が実施するJICAアフリカ障害者の地位向上コースに参加する障害者運動リーダーとともに、JICAの取り組みについて伺います。
皆様、ふるってご参加ください。 日時 : 8月20日(水) 15:00〜17:00 (14:30〜受付)
場所 : JICA地球ひろば 3階 セミナールーム:301
〒150−0012 東京都渋谷区広尾4−2−24
電話:03−3400−7177(代表)
ファックス:03−3400−7394
東京メトロ日比谷線 広尾駅下車(3番出口)徒歩1分
地図は、http://www.jica.go.jp/hiroba/about/map.html
参加費: 無料
言語 : 英語、手話通訳(ASL)
参加申込み:氏名、所属団体、メールアドレス、情報アクセスの有無(手話、文字通訳、点字、拡大資料等)、タイトルに「JICAの障害者支援」と明記し、DPI日本会議にEメール(fukushima@dpi-japan.org)またはFAX(03-5282-0017)で申し込み下さい。
締切日:8月15日(金)(先着40名)
プログラム:
15:00〜15:10 開会 あいさつ (受付 14:30〜)
15:10〜16:10「人間の安全保障とJICAの障害者支援」
講師:戸田隆夫さん (JICA 開発研究所準備室 調査役)
16:10〜16:50 質疑
17:00 終了                          
【主催】独立行政法人 国際協力機構 東京国際センター(JICA東京)
特定非営利活動法人 DPI日本会議
【お申込み・お問合わせ】DPI日本会議(担当:福島・宮本)
電話:03−5282−3730 ファックス:03−5282−0017
Eメール:fukushima@dpi-japan.org


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コーヒーアワー 「障害と開発」シリーズ 第14回 『ろう運動の南南協力〜ケニアからモンゴルに伝えること』


************(概要)**********************

コーヒーアワー 「障害と開発」シリーズ 第14回
『ろう運動の南南協力〜ケニアからモンゴルに伝えること』
障害分野NGO連絡会(JANNET)、日本財団、世界銀行情報センター(PIC東京)共催

日時: 8月20日(水) 午後6時30分〜8時
場所: 世界銀行情報センター(PIC東京) http://www.worldbank.org/ptokyo
内容: 米ギャローデット大学の世界ろう者リーダーシップ(WDL)プログラムで米国
に留学した経験をもつケニア人ろう者のニクソン・カリキさんが、モンゴルのろう運動
を支援する活動を通じて見えてきたことをお話しします。
言語: 日本語、日本手話、アメリカ手話、参加無料(コーヒー付き)
詳細: http://go.worldbank.org/OQOVUD4YZ0
参加申込:
お名前、ご所属、ご連絡先を「8月20日コーヒーアワー参加希望」と明記の上、
ptokyo@worldbank.org宛にお送りください。

*************(詳細)*********************

コーヒーアワー 「障害と開発」シリーズ 第14回
『ろう運動の南南協力〜ケニアからモンゴルに伝えること』

場所: 世界銀行情報センター(PIC東京)
世界銀行情報センター(PIC東京) / 障害分野NGO連絡会(JANNET) / 日本財団
 共催

2006年12月国連総会で「障害者の権利条約」が採択され、「障害と開発」の視点が途
上国の開発にあたって留意すべき重要な項目に位置付けられる大きな一歩になり、日
本も2007年9月に署名しました。批准国は20カ国に達し、5月3日に発効しました。世
界人口の10%が障害者であるなか、2015年までに貧しい人々の人口を半減させるとい
うミレニアム開発目標(MDGs)達成のためには、障害を開発問題として捉えることが
重要です。

米ギャローデット大学の世界ろう者リーダーシップ(WDL)プログラムで米国に留学し
た経験をもつケニア人ろう者のニクソン・カリキさんは現在、モンゴルのろう運動を
支援するためウランバートルに滞在しています。今回のコーヒーアワーは、カリキさ
んをお招きし、ケニアとモンゴルのろう運動の現状、途上国のろう者どうしの交流を
通じて見えてきた課題や今後の展望などについてお話しいただきます。この機会に
「障害と開発」について考えてみませんか?

スピーカー:
ニクソン・カリキさん
(米ギャローデット大学 世界ろう者リーダーシッププログラム修了生)
2003年日本財団、米国ギャローデット大学世界ろう者リーダシップ奨学金(World
Deaf Leadership Shcolarship)プログラム修了者。国際政治学専攻。現在、VSO
(Volunterty Service Overseas)で障害者支援専門家としてモンゴルにて活動中。

日時:
2008年8月20日(水) 午後6時30分〜8時00分

場所:世界銀行情報センター(PIC東京)
東京都千代田区内幸町2-2-2 富国生命ビル1階
地下鉄三田線 内幸町駅、日比谷線・千代田線・丸の内線 霞ヶ関駅

問合せ先:
世界銀行情報センター(PIC東京) E-mail: ptokyo@worldbank.org Tel:03-3597-6650

申込方法:
お名前、ご所属、ご連絡先を「8月20日コーヒーアワー参加希望」と明記の上、
ptokyo@worldbank.org宛にお送りください。参加費は無料(コーヒー付き)、使用言
語は日本語、日本手話、アメリカ手話です。

関連リンク:
障害分野NGO連絡会(JANNET):
JANNETは障害分野の国際活動を行っている、または関心のある日本のNGOのネット
ワークです。正会員・賛助会員として35団体が加盟しており、個人の支援にも支えら
れています。
日本財団:
日本財団は競艇の売上金の一部(約2.6%)を財源として、海や船、福祉、ボラン
ティア、国際協力、芸術、スポーツ、教育などの幅広い活動を支援している団体で
す。

*************************

【付記】本シリーズの過去のコーヒーアワーの記録は以下をご覧ください。
http://go.worldbank.org/LGGC2IR3O0




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Deaf and dumb and at the pinnacle of varsity career

By KIPCHUMBA SOME

Posted Friday, August 22 2008 at 20:22

In Summary
The disease made him completely deaf and also robbed him of his speech ability.
His appointment at Moi University made him the first deaf lecturer in Kenya.
In the US, life took another turn for the better; for the first time in his life, he was given an interpreter

Had a kind missionary couple not changed the course of his life, Dr Michael Ndurumo reckons he would most likely have ended up a carpenter, a tailor, a cobbler or a stonemason.

After all, he argues, these are the remnant occupations society has reserved for people like him who have disabilities.

But, thanks to the couple, his life took a dramatic turn for the better. They threw him a rare lifeline that enabled him to explore his God-given talents and abilities despite being deaf and dumb.

Today, feted at home and abroad, he is one of the few Africans who have overcome handicaps to rise to the pinnacle of their careers.

Thus, Dr Ndurumo, 56, is a shining example of what personal determination and focus can do for one.

More importantly, he is living proof to society that, given the chance, the encouragement and the necessary support, people with disabilities can be productive, rather than a burden.

“I have learnt that there is no limitation to the human ability,” says the senior lecturer at Moi University of Eldoret.

“Had I thought of myself as a lesser human being because of being deaf, then I would have surely ended up a burden to society instead.”

Born in Marua Village, Nyeri, in 1952, Ndurumo in December 1960 contracted meningitis, an infection of the brain membranes. The disease made him completely deaf and also robbed him of his speech ability.

He was just eight years old then and a Standard One pupil at Muruguru primary school in Nyeri.

It seemed to him that the disease had sealed his fate and consigned him to lesser vocations in life. But his parents did not give up on him.

Whereas others would have lost the hope of educating such a child, Ndurumo’s condition seemed to have injected in his parents a steely determination to have their son succeed in his studies ? and in life.

“Were it not for my parents, I would be nothing today,” recalls the father of two. “They were poor, but they gave me the greatest gift a parent can give a child ? love and understanding.

They did not reject me as other parents do their children with disabilities. They made sure that I went to school and achieved the best in life, my condition notwithstanding.”

There being no primary school for the deaf near home and his parents being so poor, young Ndurumo was forced to study with normal children.

Luckily for him, his teachers and classmates accepted his condition and did all they could to make sure he did not fall behind in his studies.

“Although they had no training of how to handle children with disabilities, my teachers always encouraged me to pursue education,” says the fourth-born of eight children.

“They would write a lot on the blackboard just for my sake. My peers too would give me their notes to read and assisted me where they could.”

The youngster was a bright pupil. In 1968, he sat his Certificate of Primary Education examination and passed highly.

Unfortunately, he was forced to stay home for a year, unable to proceed with to secondary school because the schools did not know what to do with him.

“Many people never thought that a deaf person could actually continue with education to high school level. They had never seen any before and so they concluded that I was just joking around. No-one was willing to give me a chance,” he recounts.

After unsuccessfully looking for a suitable school for a year, the teenager was introduced to Dr Lowry and Ruth Mallory when he was 18.

Dr Mallory was the headmaster of Nyeri Baptist, a small Christian secondary school in Nyeri. He was asked by an education officer to accept Ndurumo as a student in June 1970.

In 1971, he moved to St Peters Mumias High to be close to the school for the deaf. In the same year, he went to Harrison-Chilhowee Baptist Academy in Tennessee, USA, becoming the institution’s first foreign student.

This arrangement was made by Dr Mallory who had noted his exceptional academic abilities while at Nyeri Baptist.

In the US, life took another turn for the better for Ndurumo; for the first time in his life, he was given an interpreter to accompany him to class and was therefore forced to learn sign language.

Previously, he had been communicating by writing notes. Telling of his academic brilliance and indefatigable spirit, Ndurumo went on to complete two years of high school in a year.

Furthermore, he taught himself English by reading the dictionary since the disease struck him even before he had learnt the language.

“I was mesmerised by the structure of the English language and had to learn it through all effort,” he says.

In 1974, he joined Gallaudet University in Washington where he took general studies, including psychology, a field he was to specialise in later in life.

In 1976, he moved to Vanderbilt University in Tennessee, which is an institution for the handicapped and admits students from different parts of the world.

He ultimately became the third deaf African and first East African to acquire a doctorate degree. The other two are West Africans.

“Although I am happy about my achievement, there would be more people with the equivalent of my qualifications or even better had they been given the necessary support in their academic endeavours,” he points out.

He enrolled for his masters degree in education administration, psychology and special education at the same university. In 1980, he completed his PhD studies in the same discipline.

After graduation, he took up a teaching job at his former high school in Tennessee, and later moved to Gardner-Webb University, North Carolina.

It might have not been easy competing with normal students, says Dr Ndurumo, but it was precisely this challenge that gave him the inspiration to exert himself and do the best he could in life.

“I always compared myself with others so as to know how I was faring,” he says.

“Although I realised my limitation, I did not allow it to hinder me from excelling in those activities which I felt I could do equally with other people,” he says with a touch of smug satisfaction.

He returned home in 1982 and joined the Kenya Institute of Education as a curriculum developer. He was charged with the task of developing a curriculum for special education and training for teachers.

He gradually rose to become a senior principal and head of special education at KIE.

After 22 years with KIE, the desire for a fresh challenge saw him resign his job in 2003 for a teaching one at Moi University where he was put in charge of the department of educational psychology.

His appointment made him the first deaf lecturer in Kenya.

“Teaching was my first love,” Dr Ndurumo says. “I enjoy sharing my knowledge with students. I find it very enlightening. To me, everyday is a learning day and that is what life is all about.”

Although he says he enjoys his new job very much, it is not without challenges. Given that he is teaching normal students, communication is one such challenge.

“It becomes difficult sometimes to communicate effetively with the students since they do not understand sign language,” he says.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.nation.co.ke/News/-/1056/462164/-/tk8747/-/




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公開セミナー 「差別と闘うアフリカの障害者(カントリーレポート発表会)」

 今年も、アフリカ地域(コートジボアール、ガボン、スワジランド、ルワンダ、ウガンダ)の5カ国から、6名の障害者リーダー達がJICA(国際協力機構)の研修「アフリカ地域障害者の地位向上コース」に参加するために来日するのを受けて、彼らを講師とするセミナーを開催します。今年度は、障害者権利条約を基に差別禁止と権利擁護に焦点を当てていきます。また、ゲストスピーカーに斉藤龍一郎氏(日本アフリカ協議会/TICADIV・NGOネットワーク)を迎え、国際協力におけるアフリカの課題についてお話いただきます。アフリカを知り、現場の生の声を聞くよい機会となっております。ふるってご参加下さい。
日時:8月23日(土) 10:00〜16:00 (9:30〜受付)
場所:JICA東京国際センター ロビー階ブリーフィングルーム
東京都渋谷区西原2−49−5
電話:03-3485-7051
FAX:03-3485-7904
京王新線 幡ヶ谷駅下車(南口出口)徒歩7分
地下鉄千代田線 代々木上原下車(北口出口)徒歩10分
地図は、http://www.jica.go.jp/tokyo/office/about.html#map 参照
参加費:500円(昼食代)
言語:英語(日英通訳付)、手話通訳、文字通訳あり
*午後は、英語のみ、および日本語通訳が入る2つのグループに分れ、グループディスカッションをおこないます。
参加申込み:氏名、所属団体、メールアドレス、分科会の希望(英語または日本語のいずれか・特に関心のある国名)、情報アクセスの有無(手話、文字通訳、点字、拡大資料等)、タイトルに「差別と闘うアフリカの障害者」と明記の上、DPI日本会議にEメール(fukushima@dpi-japan.org)またはFAX(03-5282-0017)で申し込み下さい。
締切日:8月18日(月) (先着30名)
プログラム:
10:00〜10:10 開会 あいさつ (受付 9:30〜)
10:10〜11:10 基調講演「アフリカにおける差別禁止と権利擁護(仮)」 研修員代表
11:10〜11:40「アフリカの状況について」
斉藤龍一郎さん (日本アフリカ協議会事務局長・TICADIV・NGOネットワーク(TNnet))

11:40〜12:00 質疑              
12:00〜13:30 昼食交流会
13:30〜15:40 グループ・ディスカッション
「障害者の差別禁止と権利擁護への課題と取り組み(仮)」
*2グループに分かれてディスカッションをします
16:00  終了
                                   
ゲストスピーカー紹介:
斉藤 龍一郎(サイトウ リョウイチロウ)氏
(特活)アフリカ日本協議会事務局長。1979年に障害児の普通学校への転校運動、障害者の自立生活運動に関わり、以来、自立生活をする障害者の介助に定期的に入っている。1990年、反アパルトヘイト国際美術展下町展実行委員会参加をきっかけに、アフリカの人々自身による自立を目指す取り組みに共感を持ち続けている。日本アフリカ学会および障害学会の会員。
          
【主催】独立行政法人 国際協力機構 東京国際センター (JICA東京)
特定非営利活動法人 DPI日本会議
【お申込み・お問合わせ】DPI日本会議(担当:福島・宮本)
Tel:03-5282-3730 Fax:03-5282-0017
Email:fukushima@dpi-japan.org


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Cameroon: Deaf-Mute SDF Militants, Language Hinder Fru Ndi Murder Case

The Post (Buea)
24 August 2008
Posted to the web 25 August 2008

Nformi Sonde Kinsai

The poorly lit and cobwebbed Mfoundi High Court in Yaounde was, August 19, the venue for the first hearing of the case pitting the State against some 22 SDF militants suspected of murdering one of the party's militants, Gregoire Diboule.

Later, the National Chairman of the Party, John Fru Ndi, was accused of complicity in the murder.Diboule was reportedly killed on May 26, 2006, after a confrontation at a controversial Convention of the party that was called up in Yaounde by a faction leader and the then Chairman of the National Advisory Council, NAC, late Prof. Clement Ngwasiri, who was backed by Barrister Bernard Muna.

Since then, the arrested SDF militants were moved across a number of police and gendarmerie cells in Yaounde and, finally, placed under pre-trial detention at the Kondengui Maximum Security Prison. Of the original 23 militants arrested, John Ngu Mbahaning has since died in detention.

Some victims of the confrontation who were allegedly brought to the SDF Centre Provincial Secretariat - where the fight broke out - by the organisers of the May 26, 2006 Yaounde Convention, were in court. So, too, members of the late Diboule's family who stood in as the civil party.

According to Ordinance No 1275-SOG-07 bearing preliminary investigations from the Chambers of the Examining Magistrate of the Court prepared by Charles Remy Manga Foe, retired Col. James Chi Ngafor, Coordinator of the SDF in the Centre Province, and John Fru Ndi are charged as being at the head of the complicity in the murder of Diboule. Other charges levied against them include the infliction of simple and light injuries.

When the Presiding Judge, whose name The Post simply got as Batoum, carried out the preliminary court processes which had to do with verifying the presence of the defendants and the prosecutors as well as the defence and prosecuting lawyers, Barrister Innocent Bonu, lead Counsel for the prosecutor raised an objection.

Bonu argued that, Hon. Joseph Mbah Ndam, a Vice President at the National Assembly, is mentioned in the Ordinance to the Court as one of the witnesses and can, therefore, not be one of the defence lawyers. This motion was immediately counteracted by Barrister Augustin Mbami who read out the portion in the Ordinance purportedly implicating Mbah Ndam. The Presiding Judge saw reason in Mbami's argument and overruled Bonu's objection.

Barrister Joseph Mbah Ndam, with reference to the Preamble of Cameroon's Constitution, stated that the SDF detainees have a right to fair trial where a language best understood by those concerned must be used. This was in opposition to the French language which is the working language of the Court.

One of the defence lawyers also raised another issue claiming that two of his clients are deaf and dumb and are, therefore, lost in the whole proceedings. He said for Mbah Mbatt who is deaf and dumb and Dieudonne Fopa who is deaf to receive a fair trial, an interpreter must be brought to Court.

This issue drew a wave of murmurs from the audience as some observed that if the detainees in question have never been to the school of the deaf and dumb, then the interpreter may not help matters.

In the face of such objections, the judge rhetorically questioned how the deaf and dumb detainees were interrogated in the first place. He said it is the legitimate right of the detainees to be provided with an interpreter before the case can be heard.

Requesting both parties to propose a date for the next hearing, he said the length of the process and difficulties of getting the interpreter must be taken into consideration. When the prosecuting lawyers proposed October 13, as against September 16 by the SDF Counsels, this stirred an outrage from the defence lawyers who argued that their clients have been undergoing undue detention for more than two years now.

After some explanations, the Judge announced that the next hearing is billed for October 13, 2008 at 10:00 am in the Mfoundi High Court.Meanwhile, reacting on why the case took so long to come up, Prof. Ndiva Kofele Kale, told reporters that it is the Prosecutor who determines the agenda.

Kale noted that it is only when the Prosecutor is thoroughly through with preliminary investigations that the case is called up. He said the problem with the case is the length of time the suspects have spent in pre-trial detention. "Justice would appear to have been rendered if the case was heard two years ago and not two years later," he said.

Prof. Kale further noted that, in criminal cases like the one in which the SDF is involved, it is the Prosecutor who carries the burden of proving how the crime was committed while the defence lawyers are there to raise doubts.

In a briefing at his Yaounde Omnisport residence, immediately after the adjournment, Fru Ndi told the press that he was in Court as an accused to tell Cameroonians and the world that no one is above the law.

Going by the declarations in the Court, he said the services of judicial translators and experts in sign language would be sought by the Court for the case to proceed. He said from what he gathered in Court, when effective hearing would have started by October 13, the delivery of the ruling would not take long.

On whether he was not frightened by the over 100 armed gendarmes deployed at the Court premises, Fru Ndi said when the party was being launched in 1990, the entire military armada was mobilised. Yet, he remained unperturbed. He, however, refused to comment further stating that he is confident justice would take its course.

Members of the SDF Shadow Cabinet, Parliamentarians, Mayors and militants jammed the court premises as well as curious onlookers including pickpockets who spent time searching members of the audience for booty.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200808250885.html




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第21回会議 「障害者の権利と社会参加:全ての人たちのための社会を確たるものにするために」

参考URL:
http://www.riquebec2008.org/




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South Africa: Air Force Gives Disabled Children Gifts, Air Flips

BuaNews (Tshwane)
26 August 2008
Posted to the web 26 August 2008

Proffesor Ndawonde
Pretoria

Monday proved to be a special day for children around Gauteng when the South African Air Force 17 Squadron crew flew to various schools and children welfare organisations with a mission of spreading goodwill and cheer.

The Air Force's Oryx helicopter, which is normally used for somber missions such as crime-fighting operations and deploying peacekeepers, flew to the various locations to hand out food parcels, toys, soccer balls, and fridge's for the schools.

Children with disabilities from Laudium, Tembisa, Centurion, Soshanguve and Bronkhorstspruit were afforded an opportunity to fly in the Oryx helicopter and hang out with the South African boxing star, Baby Jake Matlala.

Mr Matlala said the heartwarming event had encouraged children, particularly orphans, and shown them that they were loved by their country.

Thoko Mutsweni, a 12-year-old girl said she had always dreamt of becoming a pilot but was unable to fly due to her disability. When she realised she was about to take a flip on the Oryx she was overjoyed.

"I don't have parents but people like these soldiers, who often show love, have given me hope," said the girl who was orphaned by AIDS and living at the St Josephs Care and Support Trust in Bronkhorstspruit.

She thanked the 17 Squadron crew for making such an effort for them. "God will bless you for coming to us and spend good time with us."

The Air Force Office Commander, General Sam Madamane said the visits to needy schools and organisations formed part of their need to spread cheer where often there was only despair.

"Some of these children have lost their parents due to HIV and AIDS. We have made it our responsibility to make them happy.

"The 17 Squadron crew sacrificed their time to have fun with these children who come from horrific backgrounds".

General Madamane said it was every South African's responsibility to show the vulnerable groups such as physically and mentally disabled children that they were not forgotten and make them feel as part of society.

Thabo Radzuma, 18, who lives at the Action Labourers for the Harvest mission in Pretoria, said while he was excited to receive donations, it was his very first time flying in the helicopter.

The shy young man said he had been living on the streets of Pretoria for more than six years after fleeing home because of an abusive father.

"I left home because my father was abusing my mother and siblings. Sometimes he could sexual abuse my young sister," said Thabo, adding that his mother was unable to report him to the police as he was the sole breadwinner in the family.

The 17 Squadron crew were recently praised for their great courage when they rescued people off the roof of the burning Schubert Park flats in Pretoria

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200808260861.html




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That the Disabled Too May be Mobile

09.01.2008

There is a popular saying that there is ability in disability. The bone of contention at a recent stakeholders’ forum organised by the Centre for Citizens with Disability was that people with disability should be put into consideration in whatever mode of transportation the government is putting in place. This will give them mobility to conduct their own businesses. Mary Ekah writes

On March 17, 2008 the Lagos State Government launched, for the first time in Africa, the Lagos Bus Rapid Transport (BRT) system in the mega city. The aim of the project was to solve the mobility challenges, reduce household income spent on transport, and reduce poverty and ultimately the lifestyle of the people of Lagos State.

Prior to the establishment of the project, it was said that the Lagos State government officials have traversed the world in search of best practices in the transport sector. The Lagos Metropolitan Area Transport Authority (LAMATA) officials, it was also said, visited Latin America and Asia to understudy the workings of their bus system, since according to them, most of the cities visited had similar experience with Lagos.

Consequently, the BRT was lunched.

The news of the launch of a BRT System, which is intended to reduce the mobility challenges faced by Lagosians, was a welcome development especially in the disabled community.

However, at a recent forum held in Maryland Lagos, the people with disability did not conceal their vexation on the fact that the joy of the new transport system was short lived as they discovered that this laudable project was really conceived with their exclusion.

At the forum, many of the disabled persons recounted their nightmarish experiences with the BRT officials, particularly the drivers. They argued that the deprivation of accessible transport to their community created income poverty and poverty, they argued, is the major cause of disability.

They bemoaned the inaccessibility of the design of the BRT services, which limits access to the disabled and the elderly, and many other groups perpetuates exclusion.

They contended that the major problems that Lagosians with disabilities face when trying to use BRT transport systems included physical barriers, especially for those using wheelchairs and other mobility aids. The problem, they said, were not just the structural barriers and the lack of assistance from operators and drivers, but also psychological barriers and fear for their personal safety when using transport systems.

They therefore held that in situations where passengers with mobility challenges or other forms of disabilities could not have easy access to the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system, it was “a complete denial of dividends of democracy, a gross violation of their rights to freedom of movement, and further exposure to marginalisation, isolation, discrimination, poverty and sometimes to untimely death …”

Mr. David Anyaele, executive director CCD, said the development has created fear, anxiety, loss of self esteem/confidence, poverty, and sometimes multiple disabilities.

Speaking further, the Anyaele said that if Nigeria being a signatory to the Article 9 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities which came into force since May 3, 2008, would eliminate barriers that people with disabilities face in buildings, outdoors, transport, information, communication and services, in both cities and countryside, persons with disabilities would live their lives fully and independently.

He said it was for the difficulties faced by Lagosians with disabilities that had prompted the stakeholders’ forum on “Inclusive and Accessible Transport System for Lagosians with Disabilities”.

“We feel that when government is making transportation policies, there is need to include persons with disabilities on issues of transport so that they would be able to bring in a holistic transport policy that is friendly to all, when the policy is friendly to people with disability, it is friendly to everybody,” he said.

The CCD boss was adamant that as long as he was concerned, there was no policy in LAMATA, adding that in as much as they don’t have disability policy; there is no policy in reality.

“I was opportune to speak with one of the drivers and he said that it was at their discretion that they allow people with disabilities to enter the bus free of charge and that there was no policy that disabled persons should enter their buses free of charge. So LAMATA as we are talking right now do not have disability policy and that is what we are clamouring for. We are asking them to go back to their drawing board to have a disability policy. Whatever thing they are doing, they must ask how the persons with disabilities would benefit from it. The moment this is brought to focus, then every other structure and design must be put in place considering persons with disabilities”, Anyaele noted.

He said further that persons with disabilities were not just about people who have mobility challenges, but also included the blind, deaf and dumb. He therefore said there was a need for training, awareness and consistent consultations with disability communities on how to make things work, adding: “I think it is important they listen to persons with disabilities because that some people are able today does not mean that we may not have disability in their life time. One way or the other, if you don’t have it at young age, you are bound to have it at old age when we would not be able to run as fast as you have always done. Or sometime when you are pregnant … you find out that you are disabled from doing the normal things in life.

“One thing we must note is that disability is not a respecter of persons, race, ethnicity, tribe or social status. As we are meeting here, somebody somewhere in Nigeria is losing one part of his/her body to disability”, Anyaele added.

The forum whose main objective was to reduce the vulnerability of citizens with disabilities to poverty through accessible and affordable public transport system, also critically accessed the state of public transport system in Lagos State and persons with disabilities in the last one year of Mr. Babatunde Raji Fashola's administration.

Stakeholders in the public transport system in Lagos State; from the state ministries, senior government officials, opinion leaders in the disability community in Lagos State, the media, international agencies and members of the civil society group also joined forces at the forum to brainstorm and make recommendations for an inclusive and accessible public transport sy stem for all.

The outcome and report of the forum, the Centre ED said, would be strategically disseminated among line government ministries and agencies, Lagos State House of Assembly, local and international organisations working within the broad area of transport and disability rights in Nigeria with a view to attracting funding and policy attention to the neglected issue of accessible and inclusive transport system for Nigerians with disabilities.

“After this workshop, we intend to follow it up, the contribution made in this place would be forwarded to the government, especially, the Chairman Lagos State House Committee on Transport; we are also going to forward it to the Commissioner for Transport and even to the governor and other relevant authorities, for them to understand what is going on in the disabled communities,” he said.

However, Mr. Young Arabamem, chief executive officer, LASMA, maintained that certain provisions have been made in Lagos for persons with disabilities. “For example, the bridge at Anthony, along Ikorodu Road was constructed to allow disabled persons but they are not using the facility. And if they don’t use it, it becomes obsolete”, Arabamem said.

He stressed that persons with disabilities should be ready to help themselves by bringing to the notice of government and all policy makers the problems that they have so that the powers that be will begin to address these problems.

Still maintaining that the government has the interest of persons with disabilities in mind, Arabamem said: “Like in the BRT now, they are supposed to ride without paying the fare, so recognition has been made and if they are supposed to ride without paying the fare, they should use the facility and with time, more would be done”, noting that there were many competing alternatives on things government should do but that so far, this was the level the government could get.

On the issue of BRT, he said provisions too have been made for disabled as special seats were provided in the buses for them, adding: “That is to tell you that government recognises the fact that there are disabled persons in the country”. He however said there was a need to educate the officials thoroughly on their mode of operations as government recognizes the fact that some of the authority was working with a set of people who still need to be trained properly, particularly the drivers of the BRT.

Mr. Jide Oduyoye, Head, Road Safety, Enforcement and Parking, LAMATA, who said his organization will collaborate with CCD to provide accessible transport system said: “We can’t claim that we know all the answers that is reason we need to collaborate with them to be able to have a first hand knowledge of what their requirement are and the challenges that they face, so that we can see how we can incorporate that into our own policy. We would also see how we can influence government policies in terms of the work that we do for disabled person to ensure that it is replicated all over the place”.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.thisdayonline.com/nview.php?id=121324




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Zambia: How Disabled People Will Remember Levy

The Times of Zambia (Ndola)
OPINION
1 September 2008
Posted to the web 1 September 2008

Chola Kafwabulula

A LOT of people and different sections of our society including foreigners have said quite a lot about the kind of person that Levy Patrick Mwanawasa was in terms of his leadership skills.

So much has been told about this gentleman. However, as persons with disabilities, we feel that the story would be incomplete if we don't add our voice.

Different people have different reasons for mourning Dr Mwanawasa in the way they have done and Dr Mwanawasa's life touched different people differently.

Some people will remember him as a good leader, others as a good family man, others as a good chairman for the Southern African Development Community. And yet some of us will remember him as a hope for persons with disabilities in Zambia.

In the first Republic, our lives as persons with disabilities were worthwhile and a number of mechanisms, policies and infrastructure were put in place to alleviate the suffering of persons with disabilities.

>From the time this gallant figure by the name of Mwanawasa became President of Zambia, our lives as disabled people changed. Our lives have changed for the better. We, as disabled people, have been fighting to have a seat in Cabinet and Parliament, as is the practice in most countries, so that we could have a representative in high levels of decision making.

Dr Mwanawasa had not yet given us those demands. Notwithstanding, we are still able to list down the many many good policies and programmes that he implemented for us persons with disabilities and to involve us as equal citizens with equal rights in national development.

Dr Mwanawasa introduced a number of initiatives and programmes for persons with disabilities such as the Citizens Economic Empowerment Commission (CEEC).

The rationale behind this programme is to promote the economic empowerment of targeted citizens, citizens-empowered companies, citizens-influenced companies, citizens-owned companies, etc.

Under the CEEC Act No. 9 of 2006, targeted citizen means a citizen who is or has been marginalised or disadvantaged and whose access to economic resources and development capacity has been constrained due to various factors including race, sex, educational background, status and disability.

For us as persons with disabilities, it is gratifying and encouraging to have a piece of legislation which clearly includes disability because this is very rare and explains why we have been marginalised for centuries. The recognition of persons with disabilities under the CEEC Act is a good step in the right direction.

Under 7 (1) (i) we see a representative of persons with disabilities. This was deliberately put there because Dr Mwanawasa was convinced in his mind and soul that the inclusion of persons with disabilities in national affairs is not only good governance but also helps persons with disabilities to be part and parcel of the governance and decision making process in Zambia.

Dr Mwanawasa's initiative was to empower economically persons with disabilities because the world over, it is known that persons with disabilities are the poorest of the poor.

One of Dr Mwanawasa's desire for Zambia was to have a good Constitution which is premised on human rights, rule of law and constitutionalism.

So when he appointed the 44 commissioners under the Willa Mung'omba Constitution Review Commission (CRC), he ensured that among the 44 sworn commissioners, there was a disabled commissioner to safeguard and advance the interests of persons with disabilities in Constitution making.

He proceeded to appoint and swear in a disabled commissioner. Today, in the Willa Mung'omba draft Constitution, a number of disability issues and interests have been proposed which once adopted will give Zambia a disability friendly Constitution.

The National Constitutional Conference Act No. 19 of 2007 was a follow up to the Mung'omba CRC, Government put in place the National Constitutional Conference (NCC) to consider and deliberate on the CRC report to adopt the draft Constitution and finally complete the whole process of Constitution making.

In order for a Republican Constitution to earn credibility, ownership and legitimacy, it is important that all citizens are made part and parcel of the Constitutional making process. It is this presumption which gives birth to legitimacy of a Constitution. As a good leader and focused lawyer, President Mwanawasa ensured that amongst the members of the NCC, persons with disabilities were included.

Under sections 4 (i) r (iii) and (vi) again we see representatives of persons with disabilities with a total of six (6) from the disability movement.

Dr Mwanawasa saw the need to involve persons with disabilities in constitutional drafting because they are an integral part of the governance system in Zambia especially that we are a minority.

Minorities have to be heard in order to demonstrate before the international community that we, in Zambia, do not segregate and that even the voice of the minority such as the disabled and marginalised is heard. This is what Dr Mwanawasa stood for. He was a father to his own children but also a father to us people with disabilities and today we feel orphaned.

Dr Mwanawasa also came up with the Fifth National Development Plan (FNDP) in order to have an economic charter of how the country would move economically and as a way of poverty reduction and economic development.

Under the FNDP, persons with disabilities were not only consulted but were full-time participants who made known their views.

Currently, under Chapter 20 of the said FNDP, disability issues are extensively covered.

The FNDP also encourages the review of all legislation and their impact on disability and to that extent, the disability Act is currently undergoing review. All this can be attributed to deliberate programmes and policies put in place by our great hero, Dr Mwanawasa.

The United Nations has come up with this international covenant as a charter for persons with disabilities. This convention outlines in great detail how State parties or countries should deal with disability issues.

Countries are further encouraged to sign and ratify the convention. Under the gallant leadership of President Mwanawasa, Government went ahead and signed this important document on May 8, 2008. We now request Government to proceed to ratify the convention.

Under the leadership of President Mwanawasa and his Cabinet, Government appointed disability focal points persons in all Government ministries to be attending to all policies and programmes that affect persons with disabilities. Government realised that disability issues are cross-cutting and should not be left to one ministry and so as a way of appreciating the complexity and cross-cutting nature of disability issues, disability focal point persons were appointed for the first time in Zambia.

The President did all this because he was concerned about the welfare of persons with disabilities and how they had been neglected for many years.

Dr Mwanawasa could have forgotten about the plight of persons with disabilities if he so wished. But as the father of the nation, he knew that he was a father of every citizen including those deemed weak, frail and marginalised such as persons with disabilities.

I recall that when he was being sworn in for the first time, his late mother told him at the Supreme Court that "my son, you are now the President for everyone including the disabled and as such do not discriminate." I recall those words from the President's mother vividly. Dr Mwanawasa, as an obedient son, did not ignore his late mother's advice. He was the father of the disabled and all people in Zambia.

To whoever becomes President of Zambia late this year, for us as persons with disabilities, we pray and trust that that new president shall also champion the disability cause and continue to consult and involve persons with disabilities in all Government programmes. They should not take away from persons with disabilities what Dr Mwanawasa has done for us.

To the new president, we implore you to keep the flame burning for persons with disabilities. We are part of this country even if we are a minority and Dr Mwanawasa has demonstrated that a good president should have programmes for the marginalised who include inter alia persons with disabilities.

During his rule, persons with disabilities were no longer regarded as objects of pity and charity. We became partners in development. Even as one goes for presidential elections, persons with disabilities will also vote, meaning that they too should have a fair share of the national cake.

Zambia belongs to all of us including us persons with disabilities. It is not meant for those deemed able-bodied only. Again, we demand representation in Cabinet, Parliament and in all senior positions of this country.

We mourn you Levy Mwanawasa, you were a real hope for the disabled people in Zambia. (The author is a disability activist and lawyer)

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200809011016.html




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Malawian mothers of disabled cry out

Posted on Tuesday 2 September 2008 - 12:49

Richard Chirombo, Africanews reporter in Malawi

Children with disability are becoming the cause of separation between husbands and wives in Malawi. Malawian women are now appealing to the government to enact a law that would commit husbands to jail who end their marriage after they give birth to such children.

Sheilla Govati, a mother from Malawi's capital city, Lilongwe, conceded in an interview with Africanews that her husband abandoned her when she gave birth to a physically challenged child.

Apart from struggling to cater for the child, she goes through arduous task to make ends meet on a daily basis.

Govati struggles to put food on the table for her family as well as clothe them. The situation is compounded by the poor health situation of her child who hardly stands. The little she makes from selling goes into the payment of school fees, agriculture inputs and monthly rent.

"Quite a difficult thing without organizations willing to help; to help both the children and us, so that we can fend for them," she said in Blantyre.

Govati is one of the beneficiaries of Feed the Children Malawi, a child-centred non-governmental organization helping disabled, physically challenged, and mentally retarded children.

80 per cent of the cases referred to the organization relate to children suffering from various forms of mental disorders.

Feed the Children Malawi collaborates with organizations such as Cure International Hospital in Blantyre that specializes in bones' problems.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.africanews.com/site/list_messages/20268




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国際セミナー「差別禁止のための障害者団体の役割」

8月18日より、JICAアフリカ障害者地位向上コースに参加のため来日しているアフリカ障害当事者リーダー達と世界銀行の専門家、そしてアジアの障害者リーダーを迎え、障害者の差別禁止を実現していく上で障害者団体に求められている役割やアフリカでの支援のあり方について、テレビ会議を通じて意見交換を行いますので、下記にご案内させていただきます。

●国際セミナー「差別禁止のための障害者団体の役割」(9/5・東京)
http://dpi.cocolog-nifty.com/vooo/2008/08/95_9853.html

2006年12月に国連で策定された「障害者権利条約」は、今年5月に20カ国の批准を得て発効しました。この条約は、8番目の主要な人権条約として、障害者が他の者と平等に権利を行使できるようにするための諸施策を締約国に求めています。条約の理念のひとつとして「非差別・平等の原則」があります。条約が各国で実際に障害者の権利を守っていく道具となっていくためには、実効性のある差別禁止の仕組みが必要です。この仕組みを作っていくときには、障害者団体の役割が重要になってきます。

本セミナーは、国際協力機構(JICA)が「アフリカ障害者の十年(2000-2009)」にあたって、当事者団体のキャパシティ・ディベロップメントを支援するために実施している地域別研修「アフリカ地域障害者の地位向上」に参加しているアフリカの障害者団体のリーダーたち、世界銀行の専門家、そしてアジアの障害者リーダーを迎え、障害者の差別禁止を実現していく上で障害者団体に求められている役割やアフリカでの支援のあり方について意見交換を行います。本セミナーはテレビ会議でワシントン(世界銀行本部)とマニラ(世界銀行マニラ事務所)、バンコク(JICAタイ事務所)、ダッカ(JICAバングラデシュ事務所)、カトマンズ(JICAネパール事務所)、クアラルンプール(JICAマレーシア事務所)を接続し、JICAとDPI日本会議の協力を得て開催します。

・日時 2008年9月5日(金)9:30〜12:00

・場所 世界銀行東京事務所
 東京都千代田区内幸町2−2−2 富国生命ビル10階 
     
・内容
 開会挨拶 坂元律子(JICA東京国際センター人間開発課課長)

 報告「障害者の権利条約とアフリカの障害者の権利擁護(仮)」
 シャルロッテ・マクレイン-ニラポ(世界銀行東アジア大洋州地域 人間開発上級業務担当官)

 報告「障害者に対する差別を巡るアフリカ各国の事例紹介」
  ノムサ・スワネ・ムデュルリ(スワジランド全国身体障害者協会)
  マティルデ・ウムラザ(ルワンダ障害者協会)
  ベンガ・トナンゴヤ・パスカル(ガボン全国障害者団体連合会長)

 報告「権利擁護に向けた障害者団体の能力構築:DPIアジア太平洋権利条約セミナーから」
  サオワラック・トーンカイ(DPIアジア太平洋ブロック事務局長)

 報告「バングラデシュにおける障害者団体による権利擁護」
  サタール・デュラル(バングラデシュ障害者協会:BPKS会長・   DPI世界役員)

 質疑応答・討論

 閉会挨拶 中西由起子(DPI日本会議国際担当役員)

英語・日本語通訳(同時通訳)、日本手話通訳、日本語要約筆記が付きます。参加をご希望の方は、お名前、ご所属、ご連絡先(電話、FAX、メールアドレス)、連絡事項(手話通訳、点字プログラムの希望、車いす利用等)を「8月17日セミナー参加希望」と明記し、komori@worldbank.org またはファックス03−3597−6695宛にお送りください。なお点字資料や拡大コピーの必要な方は9月1日までにご連絡ください。

・問合せ 世界銀行東京事務所 大森 
  電話03−3597−6650 ファックス03−3597−6695    
komori@worldbank.org


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Deaf man pins murder suspects

Sunday, 7th September, 2008
By Chris Ahimbisibwe

A-25-year-old deaf man last week testified against two brothers accused of murdering his boss. Wibest Ahimbisibwe of Matsyoro village in Kyangyenyi sub-county testified that the suspects murdered his boss, Jolly Ntegyereize on July 13, 2004.

The two, only identified as Kakubi and David, are said to have hacked Ntegyereize as Ahimbisibwe watched from a nearby banana plantation.

He told the court that he escaped through the kitchen when the suspects attacked them.

An interpreter from the Uganda National Association of the Deaf in Kampala, Florence Mukasa, was hired to help Bushenyi High Court Lawrence Gidudu.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.newvision.co.ug/D/8/18/648511




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NIGER: Garden for disabled takes root in desert

BILFOUDA, 9 September 2008 (IRIN) - Oumou is much like any other Nigerien gardener during this desert country’s most fertile season. She wakes up at 5:00 AM. The slight, forty-year-old woman eats breakfast. She works for five hours in her garden, tending to manioc and mandarins, peppers and potatoes.

“Watering all these plants is the hardest. I go from row to row and there always seems to be more,” said the gardener.

But when Niger’s Sahelian sun blisters, this gardener puts away her watering pail at the edge of the well by dragging herself forward with outstretched hands, near-empty pail on her head, knees swinging in a semi-circle propelling her forward.

Paralysed by polio at a young age, the now 40-year-old Oumou started gardening two years ago with the help of local non-profit community-based organization Re-adaptation for the Blind and Other Handicapped Persons (PRAHN). The organisation gave her wood for a fence, tools, fertiliser and seeds, and provided materials for her and her siblings to build a well.

UN Children's Fund, UNICEF, is trying to incorporate this and other similar gardening projects into government social sector reforms.

To join Oumou had to prove her disability, property ownership, and a willingness to till the cracked earth. “I really did not think I could do it. Me, a gardener? I did not even think it was possible.”

But it was not her paralysis that had held her back.

Rather, Oumou said she had never imagined raising US$3000 to start her garden, which is about five times the average annual salary in Niger, according to 2007 World Bank figures.

‘Survival gardens’

Disabled people run 40 year-round ‘survival gardens’ in rural dusty towns in the western regions of Tillaberi and Dosso, each more than 100km from Niamey. PRAHN director Zama Soumana Pate told IRIN the gardens are more about survival than gardening, “They get so much more than gardening tools. We want to give them tools for life.”

PRAHN provides the gardeners advice on maternal health, school enrolment for children, distributes impregnated mosquito nets, helps participants install latrines, and if they prove to be responsible hard working gardeners, loans them a small sheep or goat to bring in more income.

The gardeners must pay back almost US$500 from PRAHN’s approximate US$3500 investment.

Invisible, but still a financial burden

Claudio Rini, the West Africa director of an international organisation specialising in disability issues, Handicap International, told IRIN generally, families and communities push aside disabled West Africans because they are seen as unproductive.

A 2001 Niger government study estimated there were more than 100,000 disabled persons in Niger, or about one percent of the population, at the time.

The World Health Organization estimates the number is ten times higher, based on its calculation that on average, disabled persons form about eight to 10 percent of a country’s population ? or more than one million in Niger, based on the 2006 population.

But Rini says it is hard to get an accurate count of disabled persons in West Africa because of varied definitions of disability, the difficulty census takers have in getting accurate sensitive health information, and because most disabled people are, simply, overlooked.

“As a result of their impairment, disabled people are forgotten because it is harder for them to earn money [rendering them invisible]. They are not quite excluded, but definitely marginalised and discriminated against.”

Rini said when economic problems hit a community, families taking care of a financially- dependent disabled person will feel the impact more deeply. “The handicapped person will become more of a financial burden to the family, which will lead to resentment against them born not by any set beliefs, but rather by the unfavourable economic situation.”

Bucking the trend

In a country where the World Food Programme estimates about 40 percent of the population is chronically malnourished, Oumou says her family is eating a variety of produce they rarely purchased before because it was more expensive than their daily meal of millet, including zucchinis, carrots, tomatoes, cabbage.

“My family used to loan me money so I could buy straw to weave mats. But now, I am the one feeding them from my garden.”

She says her family had never paid much attention to her, but now she is the one they count on to pay school and clothing expenses for her siblings’ five children. Her neighbours eat from her garden. People come from dozens of kilometres away looking for leafy vegetables to make sauces and cures for ulcers and jaundice. “It was like I was not really here before, but now they see me.”

BILFOUDA, 9 September 2008 (IRIN) - Oumou is much like any other Nigerien gardener during this desert country’s most fertile season. She wakes up at 5:00 AM. The slight, forty-year-old woman eats breakfast. She works for five hours in her garden, tending to manioc and mandarins, peppers and potatoes.

“Watering all these plants is the hardest. I go from row to row and there always seems to be more,” said the gardener.

But when Niger’s Sahelian sun blisters, this gardener puts away her watering pail at the edge of the well by dragging herself forward with outstretched hands, near-empty pail on her head, knees swinging in a semi-circle propelling her forward.

Paralysed by polio at a young age, the now 40-year-old Oumou started gardening two years ago with the help of local non-profit community-based organization Re-adaptation for the Blind and Other Handicapped Persons (PRAHN). The organisation gave her wood for a fence, tools, fertiliser and seeds, and provided materials for her and her siblings to build a well.

UN Children's Fund, UNICEF, is trying to incorporate this and other similar gardening projects into government social sector reforms.

To join Oumou had to prove her disability, property ownership, and a willingness to till the cracked earth. “I really did not think I could do it. Me, a gardener? I did not even think it was possible.”

But it was not her paralysis that had held her back.

Rather, Oumou said she had never imagined raising US$3000 to start her garden, which is about five times the average annual salary in Niger, according to 2007 World Bank figures.

‘Survival gardens’

Disabled people run 40 year-round ‘survival gardens’ in rural dusty towns in the western regions of Tillaberi and Dosso, each more than 100km from Niamey. PRAHN director Zama Soumana Pate told IRIN the gardens are more about survival than gardening, “They get so much more than gardening tools. We want to give them tools for life.”

PRAHN provides the gardeners advice on maternal health, school enrolment for children, distributes impregnated mosquito nets, helps participants install latrines, and if they prove to be responsible hard working gardeners, loans them a small sheep or goat to bring in more income.

The gardeners must pay back almost US$500 from PRAHN’s approximate US$3500 investment.

Invisible, but still a financial burden

Claudio Rini, the West Africa director of an international organisation specialising in disability issues, Handicap International, told IRIN generally, families and communities push aside disabled West Africans because they are seen as unproductive.

A 2001 Niger government study estimated there were more than 100,000 disabled persons in Niger, or about one percent of the population, at the time.

The World Health Organization estimates the number is ten times higher, based on its calculation that on average, disabled persons form about eight to 10 percent of a country’s population ? or more than one million in Niger, based on the 2006 population.

But Rini says it is hard to get an accurate count of disabled persons in West Africa because of varied definitions of disability, the difficulty census takers have in getting accurate sensitive health information, and because most disabled people are, simply, overlooked.

“As a result of their impairment, disabled people are forgotten because it is harder for them to earn money [rendering them invisible]. They are not quite excluded, but definitely marginalised and discriminated against.”

Rini said when economic problems hit a community, families taking care of a financially- dependent disabled person will feel the impact more deeply. “The handicapped person will become more of a financial burden to the family, which will lead to resentment against them born not by any set beliefs, but rather by the unfavourable economic situation.”

Bucking the trend

In a country where the World Food Programme estimates about 40 percent of the population is chronically malnourished, Oumou says her family is eating a variety of produce they rarely purchased before because it was more expensive than their daily meal of millet, including zucchinis, carrots, tomatoes, cabbage.

“My family used to loan me money so I could buy straw to weave mats. But now, I am the one feeding them from my garden.”

She says her family had never paid much attention to her, but now she is the one they count on to pay school and clothing expenses for her siblings’ five children. Her neighbours eat from her garden. People come from dozens of kilometres away looking for leafy vegetables to make sauces and cures for ulcers and jaundice. “It was like I was not really here before, but now they see me.”

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=80249




>TOP

Sign language from Africa

Midori Matsuzawa / Daily Yomiuri Staff Writer

The eyes of the 10 participants in a recent language training course organized by Tokyo University of Foreign Studies in Fuchu, Tokyo, were fixed on a lecturer from Cameroon, who was explaining his language and culture using his whole body. But most of what could be heard from the room was the students' frequent laughter in response to their teacher's humorous explanations.

The lecturer, Evouna Etoundi Henri, 37, was giving the course in a sign language used in his country and the surrounding region. He had come all the way from the western African country to teach LSAF--an abbreviation for Langue des Signes d'Afrique Francophone, the sign language of the French-speaking region of Africa--as part of the university's annual intensive courses on Asian and African languages.

The university's Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA) has been offering an intensive training program on the languages of the two continents since 1967. The program offered 108 languages courses as of 2007.

However, this year was the first time for the program to include a sign language. (The other two featured this year were Mongolian and Tuvan, the latter of which is spoken mainly in Russia's Tuva Republic.) And this was the first course in Japan to teach an African sign language, according to the institute.

For each target language, the program featured a native speaker and a Japanese researcher to teach the course. This is why Etoundi, president of the Christian Association of the Deaf in Cameroon, was invited to share teaching duties on the LSAF course with Nobutaka Kamei, 36, research fellow at ILCAA, who has mastered LSAF through his field studies in western Africa.

The course, which ended last week, offered lessons on weekdays for a month. On the day The Daily Yomiuri visited in mid-August, classes had briefly moved to a nearby public hall as the campus was closed for the summer break. The day's lesson dealt with negative sentences by featuring a conversation at a bar, which was included in a textbook produced for the course.

The two lecturers first presented a model of the dialogue before practicing new vocabulary with the participants. Demonstrating the sign for "beer," for example, Etoundi folded his thumb while keeping the other four fingers straight--the manual alphabet for "B"--before twice moving his hand in a circular motion beside his cheek. He then made a similar sign for "bar."

"The forms of the hand are the same for 'beer' and 'bar,'" Etoundi said, while Kamei used Japanese and Japanese Sign Language (JSL) to interpret for the trainees. "You can distinguish the two by mouthing [each word]."

When making signs, LSAF employs the mouth movements of the corresponding French vocabulary, but there are differences in grammar and wording between the two. For example, LSAF does not use articles. To express, "Je ne bois pas de biere" (I don't drink beer), the mouthing can be "je bois pas biere." It also puts interrogatives at the end of a sentence.

Used in western and central Africa, where many countries were once colonies of France or Belgium, LSAF has been influenced by French, but it is different from the sign language used in France (LSF), according to the participants who have studied it before.

"I've found that LSAF's hand movements are quite different from those of LSF," Tomotake Kinoshita, 31, a doctoral student at Yokohama National University, said via sign-language interpretation.

Actually, the African sign language was developed based on American Sign Language (ASL) from the United States, which was brought to the region just five decades ago by Andrew Foster (1925-87), an African-American Christian missionary and a Deaf educator. (Capitalizing the D in "deaf" makes the word refer to those who belong to the sign-language community, according to Kamei.)

Flying to Africa in 1957, Foster opened schools for the deaf in the continent's western and central region, where education for such children was not previously available. ASL was taught at these schools.

"Looking at my students in the classroom, I often found some were confused with French or Japanese sign languages," Etoundi said. "So I try to encourage them to focus on the African one."

Maki Takahashi, 47, a university staff member from Setagaya Ward, Tokyo, began to learn JSL after developing sudden deafness about a decade ago. "I've also studied ASL a little, so I wanted to add an African one to my learning," she said of her reason for taking the course.

"I've found LSAF shares many expressions with ASL," she said. "At first, therefore, I mouthed English words while moving my hands."

In addition to a few sign-language interpreters, the students on the course included some who had never studied it before. However, "It has turned out to be no problem," said one such participant, Kazuo Nishimura, 59, a retired man from Nakano Ward, Tokyo. "Probably because Evouna serves as an evangelist [at a church for the Deaf], he's really expressive and teaches us in an easy-to-understand way."

The course allocated much time to Etoundi discussing his everyday life. Most participants noted how interesting it was to realize that the sign language is closely related to African life and culture.

"There are a rich variety of expressions related to cassava, the food that Cameroonians eat," Yoshiko Yoshioka, 56, a patent translator from Kasukabe, Saitama Prefecture, said, referring to the tropical plant with edible roots. "So, now we know that they eat a lot of cassava in various ways of cooking."

Kamei first visited Cameroon in 1996 as a cultural anthropology student participating in a research team on hunter-gatherers. Having already learned JSL, he also contacted local Deaf people.

Kamei soon became fascinated by the fact that they have a different language, culture and history from their Japanese counterparts, and the African sign-language community eventually became his academic theme.

To teach the LSAF course, the expert has not only written a textbook, but also revisited the country to shoot video footage of Etoundi and a partner demonstrating signs. Based on these images, he has developed a DVD that includes all the expressions in the textbook and a dictionary.

As an expert on sign language, Kamei pointed out a misunderstanding that the general public has about it.

"Many people still regard it as nothing more than gestures without grammar and also believe that it's something universal," he said. "But experts know that it's a natural language among the Deaf, and there are different sign languages worldwide, with each having different and complicated rules."

Therefore, Kamei hopes the fact that a university has added a sign language to its foreign-language program can help the public change such view. "I hope the course can deliver a message that sign language deserves as much respect as a regular language," he said.

(Sep. 11, 2008)

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/features/language/20080911TDY14002.htm




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Senate to pass disability bill soon - Olajumoke

11.09.2008

Senator Bode Olajumoke of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) from Ondo State on Wednesday said the Senate would soon pass a bill to protect people living with disabilities.

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reported that the bill, sponsored by Olajumoke, has passed through the second reading in the upper chamber.

He told newsmen in Abuja that there was a need for a legal framework to protect the rights of persons with disabilities.

“Unfortunately, over 19 million persons with disabilities in Nigeria do not have access to these rights due to lack of enabling laws. “We need a legal framework such as disability’s legislation and

domesticate the UN Conventions on the rights of persons with disabilities,’’ he said.

Olajumoke also stressed the need to create awareness on the plight and prospects of persons with disabilities, adding that the executive arm needed to be sensitised on the need to establish a disability affairs commission.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.tribune.com.ng/11092008/news/news25.html




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State still discriminates against disabled

Thabo Mkhize Published
Sep 11, 2008

THE government has consistently failed to reach its employment targets because it continues to discriminate against people with disabilities when it comes to public service jobs.

Research by the Public Services Commission released yesterday shows that the government has made strides in achieving race and gender equality.

But for the past nine years it has failed to meet the cabinet’s target of a minimum of 2percent of public service employees being disabled people .

The few who are working for the government have become job hoppers because of poaching by competing departments.

The research found that the government’s main reasons for shunning potential employees ? who might be deaf, blind, mute or crippled ? include the high cost of hiring interpreters skilled in sign language, converting documents into Braille and having to provide transport for those with impaired locomotion.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.thetimes.co.za/News/Article.aspx?id=841734




>TOP

Disability equity lacking in public departments'

September 11, 2008, 10:00

A Public Service Commission report has found that national, provincial and local governments have not done enough to ensure disability equity in the public service. Departments are required to ensure that the workforce represents the demographics of the country.

The report criticises recruitment strategies, including advertisements that appear to exclude potential candidates with disabilities. Departments that took part in the assessment also expressed concern that the definition of persons with disabilities is too vague and presents interpretation problems.

The problem is further compounded by the fact that employees with certain disabilities don't always view themselves as being disabled and therefore fail to declare their status to departments.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.sabcnews.com/economy/labour/0,2172,176643,00.html




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PSC concerned about disability non compliance

Compiled by the Government Communication and Information System
Date: 11 Sep 2008
Title: PSC concerned about disability non compliance
--------------------

By Edwin Tshivhidzo, tel: (012) 314-2454

Pretoria - The Public Service Commission (PSC) on Thursday expressed concern at the non compliance of government departments for not reaching the set 2 percent disability equity target, saying Heads of Departments must be held accountable.

Chairperson of the PSC, Professor Stan Sangweni, said studies the body had conducted in 1999, 2002 and 2005 found that whilst progress had been made in achieving equity in terms of race and gender, many government departments had not met the 2 percent equity target set by cabinet for the employment of persons with disabilities.

In 1999, the disability equity figure was 0.09 percent and this figure increased to 0.3 in 2002 and subsequently decreased to 0.2 percent in 2005.

In 2007, it was the departments of Public Enterprises, Sports and Recreation and the Government Communication and Information System (GCIS) which had met the 2 percent requirement set by Cabinet.

Professor Sangweni said despite the PSC's findings on disability equity and the fact that a comprehensive legal and regulatory framework was in place to guide departments in this regard, the situation had not improved much.

"In order to have a better and more grounded appreciation of the challenges departments faced in achieving disability equity, PSC decided to hold inquiries with persons ultimately accountable for ensuring employment equity," said Professor Sangweni.

The PSC also recommended that, in order for departments to meet their 2 percent disability equity target, they needed to offer bursaries, internships and learnership programmes for the disabled.

It also suggested that recruitment advertisements should stipulate whether posts were available to disabled people, by including a wheelchair symbol on the advertisement.

"Alternative advertising methods in the media such as radio should be explored in order to target persons with visual impairments," said Professor Sangweni.

Government departments, he said, were expected to ensure that the workforce of the public service represented the demographics of the country and the work environment takes advantage of the talents and potential of its employees. - BuaNews

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.buanews.gov.za/news/08/08091116451006




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Disabled are govt job-hoppers

11/09/2008 17:57 - (SA)

Johannesburg - The disabled are so highly sought after in the government that their job-hopping between different departments is a real concern, the Public Service Commission (PSC) said on Thursday.

"... departments compete with each other for the employment of persons with disabilities," the PSC said in an assessment on disability equity in the public service.

"The consequence of job-hopping is that departments go through the process of recruitment, orientation and training of persons with disabilities only to lose them to other departments when they are offered more lucrative offers."

The PSC recommended that, in order for departments to meet their two percent disability equity target, they needed to offer bursaries, internships and learnership programmes for the disabled.

The PSC report said the disability equity figure in the public service was 0.9% in 1999. That increased to 0.3% in 2002 but decreased to 0.2% in 2005.

"Despite the PSC's findings on disability equity and the fact that a comprehensive legal and regulatory framework is in place to guide departments in this regard, the situation has not improved much," it said.

"Departments are not applying their minds adequately to the retention strategies for persons with disabilities."

The assessment showed that 40% of government departments did not have approved employment equity plans in place even though that is one of the basic requirements of the Employment Equity Act.

It suggested that recruitment advertisements should stipulate whether posts were available to disabled people, by including a wheelchair symbol on the advertisement.

The PSC found that in the event an employee was injured and became disabled, the public servant would normally retire early instead of being accommodated with the disability.

Many government buildings and offices were still not accessible to the disabled, the PSC noted.

"This may result in negative perceptions by persons with disabilities, not viewing the public service as an employer of choice and therefore not bothering to apply for positions when advertised."

The PSC said departments needed to budget additional money, apart from the person's salary, to accommodate their needs.

"For instance, when departments budget for the filling of posts they can only make provision for the actual costs in terms of the remuneration package associated with the posts.

"The reality, however, is that the employment of persons with disabilities sometimes has hidden costs associated with it."

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.news24.com/News24/South_Africa/News/0,,2-7-1442_2391878,00.html




>TOP

World conference on disability opens

Written By:VPPS , Posted: Mon, Sep 15, 2008

Vice President Kalonzo Musyoka Monday called for the mainstreaming of disability issues in order to have them included in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) plan of action.

Mr. Musyoka regretted that the MDGs have no specific focus on people with disability, a situation he said if not rectified would exclude the physically challenged from the poverty reduction gains by 2015.

He therefore urged Persons With Disability (PWDs) to take up the challenge and lobby hard for the inclusion of their issues in the national, regional and global development plans of action.

"It is a matter of concern that the MDGs have no specific focus on people with disabilities. The implication of this is that PWDs have continued to be at the periphery of MDG campaigns and its implementation at national, regional and global levels. Unless this scenario is reversed, PWDs will almost certainly miss out on poverty reduction gains by the target year of 2015," the VP lamented.

The Vice President made the remarks during the official opening of the Regional Conference on Millennium Development Goals and Disability, held at Panafric hotel in Nairobi where he was the Chief Guest.

The five-day conference brings together leaders of disability movement, professionals and service providers from Africa to deliberate on ways to effectively implement the various recommendations on disability matters.

Mr. Musyoka noted that with the coming to force of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) in May 2008 it has provided a tool and yardstick to ensure PWDs participate and benefit from development initiatives like other people.

He said the government fully recognized PWDs as part and parcel of the society with equal rights like their able-bodied counterparts.

To this end, the Vice President said that Kenya has ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and is ready to work with other stakeholders' towards domestication and implementations of the convention.

Mr. Musyoka at the same time, appealed to countries in the region that have not acceded to the treaty to do so in order to address effectively the challenges facing the physically challenged as a bloc.

He said following the transfer of the disability portfolio from the Ministry of Culture and Social Services to his docket at the Ministry of Home Affairs, plans are underway to have the necessary infrastructure and financial resources and personnel to enhance coordination, harmonization, monitoring and reporting on disability issues across the entire government.

The Director, United Nations Millennium Campaign-Africa, Dr. Tajudeen Raheem, stressed the need for political-will by all leaders in Africa on matters facing PWDs.

The Director noted that many countries in the continent have marginalized PWD's and condemned them to the world of extreme poverty.

Dr. Tajudeen who gave a key note address appealed to the construction industry to always consider providing the necessary infrastructure that would allow easy mobility by the physically challenged.

The conference was also addressed by the Finnish Ambassador to Kenya Ms. Heli Sirve, the UNDP Director, Tomoko Shimoto , the Chief Executive Officer Secretariat of the African Decade of Persons With Disabilities , Mr. Kudakwashe Dube and the Director of Ecumenical Disability Advocates Network, Mr. Sam Kabue among other resource persons.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.kbc.co.ke/story.asp?ID=52521




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Leaders ‘shortchange disabled’

By JOHN NGIRACHU (email the author)
Posted Monday, September 15 2008 at 20:27

Lack of political goodwill is to blame for failure to implement policies to cater for disabled people in Africa, a conference heard on Monday.

The director of the African section of the United Nations Millennium Campaign, Dr Tajudeen Raheem, said politicians need to view policies on the disabled as a right rather than a privilege.

Speaking at the start of a five-day regional conference on Millennium Development Goals and Disability in Nairobi, he said the fact that countries like Ethiopia, which is considered among the poorest in the world, could invade Somalia is an example of the lack of goodwill contributing to the marginalisation of various groups.

“Africa is the only continent where governments are willing to fight wars despite lack of basic amenities like education and health for their citizens,” he said.

Objects of pity

Dr Raheem challenged the disabled to fight for the inclusion of their needs in government policies rather than be objects of pity and recipients of charity.

“The world does not owe us a living,” he told the more than 200 participants.

His views were echoed by UNDP country director, Ms Tomoko Nishimoto, who said African governments hampered efforts to meet the millennium goals.

She said that while most of the governments had programmes to cater for women, children and the youth, they lacked similar ones for the disabled.

Of approximately 650 million disabled people worldwide, 80 per cent live in developing countries. In Kenya, a recent survey by the Planning ministry put the figure at four per cent of the population.

Mr Samuel Kabue, director of the Ecumenical Disability Network, however, said the figure could be close to 10 per cent.

Disability fund

Vice-President Kalonzo Musyoka said the Government is drafting a new policy to give teeth to the Disability Act of 2003.

He also said a disability fund along the lines of the women and youth funds was in the pipeline. The disabled, however, say the Sh1 billion proposed by the Government for the fund is inadequate.

Finnish ambassador Heli Sirve said his country has pledged 6.5 million euros (Sh637 million) to incorporate disability programmes in the MDGs in Kenya.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.nation.co.ke/News/-/1056/471272/-/tkt2hm/-/




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Jobs.co.za Announces Partnership with National Database for Disabled Persons

16/09/2008

In support of the initiatives by The Presidency towards the economic empowerment of persons with disabilities, South African Job Portal (www.Jobs.co.za) and National Database for Disabled Persons (www.jobaccess.co.za) today announce their partnership that aims to address the fundamental crisis of unemployment amongst South Africans with disabilities.

With approval of the Office on the Status of Disabled People in the Presidency, JobAccess.co.za and Jobs.co.za have together, developed a National Database for Disabled Persons where people with disabilities can register their CV’s and Recruiters and Employers can advertise employment opportunities specific to people with disabilities.

The Office on the Status of Disabled Persons (OSDP) in the Presidency, as part of the Danish funded economic empowerment pilot project, has partnered with JobAccess in an initiative towards the economic empowerment of persons with disabilities. This partnership includes creating a highly visible platform for Employers and Recruiters to advertise positions specifically for persons with disabilities as well as creating a CV’s database of job candidates with disabilities. Since June 2008, 731 active candidates with disabilities have been registered on the system and a number of employment opportunities for people with disabilities have been advertised.

Gillian Meier, CEO of Jobs.co.za comments on the partnership: “The partnership with JobAccess will offer a further extension to existing Jobs.co.za Recruiters where to this niche database of Job Seekers with disabilities. Jobs.co.za clients will now also have the opportunity to advertise their job opportunities to people with disabilities via the JobAccess website.”

Says Tertia Calitz, founder of JobAccess: ‘Our vision is to become the preferred supplier of online job advertising for people with disabilities and the development of this National database comes as a result of the huge demand for skills of people with disabilities. Our database is unique in that it only carries CV’s of people with disabilities. The partnership with Jobs.co.za will allow us not only to extend the reach of our niche job advertisements on their South African job portal, but will also encourage more Job Seekers with disabilities to register their CV’s on our unique database.”

In a speech at the National Disability Summit in July this year, Dr E Pahad (Minister in the Presidency) referred to the publication of The Presidency’s Development Indicators where evidence is provided on the impact of government programmes on the lives of South Africans. Regarding disability, the three themes; namely employment, education and social security were addressed, where trends indicated that Government provides support to persons with disability through various initiatives in schools and places of work. The 2007 Community Survey estimated that people with disability constitute 4% of South Africa’s population, and while opportunities have increased there are still insufficient services and opportunities for people with disability to participate equally in society. The target of 2% of public service jobs to be occupied by people with disability, set by the White Paper on Affirmative Action in the Public Service, 1998, has not yet been reached.

www.Jobs.co.za

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.onrec.com/newsstories/22759.asp




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Kenya-MDGs-disability-conference

Disabled to “miss out on poverty reduction gains”

APA-Nairobi (Kenya) Africa regional conference on millennium development goals (MDGs) and disability opened on Monday in Nairobi with Kenya Vice-President Kalonzo Musyoka warning that people with disability in Africa might miss out on poverty reduction gains.

The conference brings together leaders of the disability movement, professionals and service providers from African countries to discuss the MDGs campaign, implementation and implication to persons with disabilities.

The conference aims to enhance the capacity of leaders from disability and development sectors on effective mainstreaming of disability in MDGs in African countries and to provide knowledge, increase competence and strengthen organizational advocacy strategies and networking skills.

Opening the conference, Musyoka said MDGs have no specific focus on people with disabilities and they continue to be at the periphery of MDGs campaigns and its implementation at the regional and global levels.

"Unless this scenario is reversed, people with disabilities will almost certainly miss out on poverty reduction gains by the target year of 2015,\" he said.

He challenged the disabled to petition and lobby hard for the mainstreaming of disability issues in the MDGs plan of action.

The conference is organized by the Ecumenical Disability Advocates Network, Secretariat of the African Decade for Persons with Disabilities, African Community Development Foundation and United Nations MDGs Campaign Office for Africa.

JK/pm/APA
2008-09-16

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.apanews.net/apa.php?page=show_article_eng&id_article=75416




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MP donates wheelchairs to the disabled

Nkoranza (B/A), Sept. 17, GNA - Mr. Kwame Amporfo-Twumasi, Member of Parliament for Nkoranza South, has donated eight wheelchairs to Nkoranza District branch of the Society of the Physically Challenged. Mr. Amporfo-Twumasi, the Deputy Minister of Energy, appealed to the public not to shun people with disability but to offer such persons support towards their upkeep. "We must support them to enable them to exhibit their knowledge and talents towards the development of their communities", he said.

Mr. Effah-Guakro, president of the branch society who received the items, thanked the donor and appealed to other philanthropists in the district to emulate him. He appealed to Nkoranza North and Nkoranza South District assemblies to make available to the society its allocation of the Common Fund to enable members to engage in income-generating activities.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/regional/artikel.php?ID=150211




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African disabled people 'left out' of UN anti-poverty efforts

Nairobi (ENI). A blind Kenyan Presbyterian, who coordinates a church-linked disability network, says the battle against world poverty cannot be won if disabled people are excluded from the implementation of what are known as the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.eni.ch/news/item.php?id=2283




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Namibia: Barriers for Disabled Learners Must Go

New Era (Windhoek)
17 September 2008
Posted to the web 17 September 2008

Frederick Philander
Windhoek

A strong and passionate plea for a more inclusive system to accommodate disabled learners in the mainstream education system was yesterday made at the orientation conference of the Ministry of Education.

Dr Inaani Kahikuata, chief education officer in the Division of Special Programmes and Schools, motivated her plea by widely using the international UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

"Traditionally disabled learners had been considered to be freaks, outcasts and evil and were hidden from normal society. In this way the emphasis was put on exclusion rather than the abilities of such persons. The time has also come that we restructure our society to be more accommodative of disabled persons," Dr Kahikuata said.

The UN document stipulates that state parties shall ensure an inclusive education system at all levels and life-long learning activities directed at full development of human potential, sense of dignity, self-worth, strengthen respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms and human diversity.

"Unfortunately, these disabled learners have been accommodated in special schools due to their physical limitations. This was wrong. The situation needs to be rectified because it is the society that is wrong and not disabled learners. Though they have different abilities, all children can learn," she said.

"In my view, inclusive education is a process enabling every child to learn within a general school system. We have all the time been doing the wrong thing by excluding disabled learners, accommodating them in 'special schools'. It is thus time we upgrade our approach in doing that. It is all about recognizing and respecting differences among learners while building on similarities," Dr Kahikuata urged.

She rejected negative name-calling of disabled learners and encouraged a more positive attitude among teachers and the broader community in dealing with such learners.

"Terminologies such as cripple, being dumb and mentally and physically challenged are no more relevant and should be avoided because such terms actually reveal our own negative attitudes towards such learners," she said, identifying a number of barriers for disabled learners at schools.

Barriers for disabled children at ordinary schools include no training for inclusion, the system is not child centered, no ramps are available, poor lighting and no Braille.

In announcing plans for changes in the curriculum in 2009, a senior official of NIED, Willie January, explained that the education system can not use syllabi that are 15 years old.

"Curricula need to fit the needs of the knowledge-based economy we so often talk about. Learners need to be equipped with knowledge that they can positively use. In that regard, we need to strengthen learners to the maximum.

They need to develop competencies, attitudes and values required for full participation in the society," January, who announced that Mathematics will be compulsory to Grades 11 and 12 next year, said.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200809170453.html




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ICT help Tunisian disabled in social integration

Tunis, September 18, 2008 - A workshop organized jointly between the World Bank and the Ministry of Social Affairs, Solidarity, and Tunisians Abroad took place in Tunis on September 10, 2008. The workshop focused on the role played in ICT in promoting social integration among the Tunisian disabled.

A World Bank communique released recently reports that: “The workshop dubbed “Empowering People with disabilities for the information age”, was intended to highlight key results, good practises and lessons learned from the “Tunisian e-disabled”: social inclusion through ICT” project, as well as discussing experiences from other parts in the world.”

The communique also identifies the project’s achievements in Tunisia as follows:

- Already 3000 disabled students have regular access and usage of the computer labs and software out of a target population of 10,000.

- Computer labs in schools for disabled children have been provided with multilingual Arabic/French /Sign language software reinforcing school curriculum.

- In addition to the computer labs in the schools, 24 centres have been funded throughout Tunisia offering internet access to the disabled population at large, including access to government services.

- In 2007, the first group of these centres served over 500 disabled Tunisians in their internet research and interaction with government services.

By 2009, the full disabled school population will be covered, writes the communique.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.tunisiaonlinenews.com/2008/09/18/ict-help-tunisian-disabled-in-social-integration/




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Disabled yes, but very able

Published on 20/09/2008
By James Waindi

The Paralympics team returned from the 2008 Beijing Games to a colourful reception at the Jomo Kenyatta Airport and were later treated to a special lunch at the Simba Restaurant.

Prime Minister Raila Odinga led a powerful Government team, including Sports Minister Hellen Sambili, Assistant Minister Kabando wa Kabando and Permanent Secretary Kinuthia Murugu, to welcome the athletes who finished the Summer Games in the 26th position.

Families and friends of the athletes arrived at the airport to receive their loved ones as early as 9am yesterday. Some came from as far as Eldoret with hired vans and others from Central Province.

The team touched down at 1pm aboard a Qatar Airline from Doha, led by Assistant Minister for Sports Wavinya Ndeti. They were welcomed by bouquet of flowers from family members and ministry officials.

Traditional dancers were also at hand to entertain the heroes and the traditional gourd milk, mursik was also available for the medallists.

This was Kenya’s best performance in the history of the event. They improved by 11 positions from their 2004 Athens Olympics, bagging nine medals ? five gold medals, three silver and one bronze.

At the previous Games in Athens four years ago, Kenya only managed a total of seven medals, three gold, one silver and three bronze.

"You have done the country proud and we are relishing this moment. The government is very keen on sports and we are promising maximum support for the Paralympics team," said Odinga.

Wanyoike absent

"I know you lacked proper equipments and proper training compared to your opponents in Beijing, but you still ruled the roast and even broke world records. This is a clear indication that we have talent. The Kenyan and the Chinese Government are planning to build sports complex for the physically challenged in each province to help tap talent from the grass root," he added.

Team captain Henry Wanyoike was the only athlete who did not return with the squad. Chef de Mission Jairus Mogalo said Wanyoike, who holds 5,000m and 10,000m world records, remained in China to do a promotion with Standard Chartered Bank, but noted he was expected next week.

Meanwhile, President Kibaki is today expected to fete the athletes at State House, Nairobi.

The medallists are expected to receive the same cash rewards as the OIympic team athletes.

Gold medallists will go home with a total of Sh2.3m, while silver medallists will get Sh1.25m and bronze medallists Sh780,000 richer.

Henry Kirwa will pocket Sh6.9m after winning T11 5,000m, T11 1,500m race and T12 10,000m race.

Abraham Tarbei bagged the two other gold medals and is expected to pocket Sh4.6m.

Silver medallist are Mary Nakhumicha (Women Javeline throw F 57/58), Samuel Mushai (Men’s 1,500m T11) and Francis Thuo (Men’s 5,000m T12). Veteran Henry Wanyoike this time only managed to scoop a bronze medal in the men’s 5,000m T11.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.eastandard.net/InsidePage.php?id=1143995309&cid=48




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Zambia: People With Disability Derserve Our Attention

The Times of Zambia (Ndola)
EDITORIAL
22 September 2008
Posted to the web 22 September 2008

For a long time, the rights and plight of children with disabilities have not been given the due attention they deserve and, in fact, for most institutions, people living with disabilities are at the bottom of their priority list.

There are many reasons for this scenario, but top on that list are the historical cultural attitudes that remain deeply rooted in our customs and traditions.

Unfortunately, many parents in society still regard having a child with disabilities as a form of misfortune and in some extreme cases, some believe that it is a curse or punishment.

As a result of such beliefs, both parents and children are generally stigmatised and isolated from many social activities.

But the situation is especially worse for children whose parents feel ashamed and want to keep their children away from public sight, including denying them education.

As a result, many people have grown to be dependent on their parents or believe that they cannot engage in any activities because of their disabilities and sadly, such kind of people end up as beggars on the streets.

We are, therefore, glad that the ministry of Education is taking practical steps to halt this practice and ensure that children with disabilities access education.

But apart from provision of specially trained teachers, there must be a deliberate move that infrastructure in these learning institutions is designed in such a manner that it caters for those with disabilities.

There must be a well thought plan to ensure that children with disabilities are given an environment that will positively impact on their socialisation and development process.

There must be minimum situations where institutions are specifically built for them away from able-bodied children because this creates a sense of isolation and stigmatisation.

In fact, these situations must not even arise in the first place because other than their physical challenges, disabled children are human beings who must not at any given time be discriminated against and isolated from society.

Let us strive to uphold and even double the kind of love and care that disabled children receive from their own family members - brothers, sisters and parents in their various homes, or we will be failing in our duty to do according to the dictates of the Holy Bible. It is not impossible.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200809220759.html




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Angola: Handicapped Association Seeks Candidature for Faped Presidency

Angola Press Agency (Luanda)
22 September 2008
Posted to the web 23 September 2008

Luanda

The Angolan National Association of Disabled Persons(ANDA) will submit its candidature for the presidency of the Federation of Disabled People's Associations (FAPED), Angop learned Monday in Luanda.

The candidature will be submitted during the assembly for renewal of mandates set for the second fortnight of November this year.

ANDA's chairperson, Silva Lopes Etiambulo, told Angop Monday that the main purpose of his candidature is to improve the federation's performance.

FAPED is currently in lethargy, said the official, who defended the need to work in order to get the institution out of the current situation.

Silva Etiambulo announced that he counts on support from the current chair of the Federation's General Assembly, which he intends to maintain, despite small changes.

Founded in Luanda on September 19, 2000, FAPED's goals include, among others, the coordination and organisation of actions aimed at supporting the implementation of the full rehabilitation projects.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200809230034.html




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Tanzania urged to implement e-policy for the disabled

September 23, 2008 in Africa At A Glance

Tanzania has been urged to develop a strategy to enable disabled people to access information locally and globally.

The call was made by Jim Yonazi, lecturer of Information, Communications and Technology (ICT) at the Institute of Finance Management (IFM) during a Video Conference Discussion on the access and use of ICT for Disabled Persons’ Project held in Dar es Salaam.

The Tanzania Standard said, while Tanzania had electronics policy for the disabled, it does not have a strategy to implement it.

Mr Yonazi, who was the facilitator during the discussion emphasized that for the government to serve the disabled people in the ICT era, it must come up with a strategy to implement the existing e- policy for disabled people. Contributing in the discussion, Mr Tarek Ben Yousef, a National Director in Tunisia’s Ministry of Solidarity, noted that for the disabled to access learning, knowledge and culture and leisure there must be an adequate use of ICT.

Mr Chitranganie Mubarak, a Head of ICT unit in Sri Lanka said ICT was being applied in all education programmes as well as in virtual schools in Sri Lanka. He said that Tele- services offices that enable disabled people to remotely access different services such as social-economic and cultural information, Communication Administration were already in place. Other countries which participated in the discussion included the United States, Kenya, Rwanda and Ethiopia.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.itnewsafrica.com/?p=1218




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Orient pioneers tech - driven insurance sales

September 23, 2008: A cellphone -enabled personal accident insurance cover for death and permanent disability has been launched.

The 24-hour cover for Sh100,000 is activated through SMS for Sh30 a day. The promoter, Kenya Orient Insurance Company, hopes the product will attract interest from tourists, locals going on long distance trips during Easter and end of year activities.

People engaged in outdoor ventures like mountain climbing ,mining and construction are also expected to find the product relevant. The premium is paid through a short message text (sms).

Once the company certifies the recipient of the payment, the beneficiary enjoys the cover for the next 24 hours. But the cover is only available to persons aged between 18 years and 80.

“Consumers want products that are available to them wherever they are. That is why we think it is innovative to use the mobile phone to revolutionise how insurance is sold in Kenya,” said Virginiah Magondu, Kenya Orient’s general manager.Permanent disability is defined as when a person is not able to engage in an occupation for which one is suited for by training, education, or experience because of an injury.

To qualify for compensation it has to be certified by a doctor. The new product pioneers the use of technology to enhance the penetration of insurance service.

Over 10 million Kenyans own mobile phones.It also eliminates the paperwork, brokers and sales agents associated with applying for an insurance product in Kenya, Orient said it will seek to market the product in rural areas where it will compete with more formal products.

If a person decides to have the cover every day through the Safari Bima product, they would pay about Sh900 a month or Sh10,800 per year for a sum assured of Sh100,000 in case of death or total disability.

However, an annual personal accident product offering sum assured of Sh500,000 in the case of death of permanent disability costs Sh5,000, which means one spends about half the amount on the premiums for a product that offers five times the benefit. Insurance industry analysts Boniface Kandie said the innovation in the product dubbed Safari Bima would be replicated by other companies.

“It may take time before we start mass insurance transaction using technology but it is surely a warning to agents that technology might soon edge them out of the supply chain.”

To buy the new product, users will send a message with their identification number, mobile phone number and name of the beneficiary to 8808. Kenya Orient Insurance company is associated with Family Bank.

Its gross premium for the year 2007 grew by 24 per cent to Sh283.4 million from Sh219 million in 2006. Growth in assets was 47 per cent in the same period, from Sh300 million in 2006 to Sh442.7 million in 2007.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.bdafrica.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=10203&Itemid=5847




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Law that did not smooth the way for the disabled

By JOHN NGIRACHU (email the author)
Posted Thursday, September 25 2008 at 17:30

As a conference on Millennium Development Goals and disability came to an end in Nairobi on Wednesday, Planning assistant minister Peter Kenneth must have been surprised when participants started laughing as he was reading a prepared speech.

It was not without good reason that there was laughter when he said that “The Government has also instituted measures to ensure that all the public buildings comply with the needs of the disabled…Public facilities have also been made friendlier to the needs of the disabled.”

The fact is that most public facilities, and also private buildings, have not complied.

Section 22 of the Disability Act of 2003 which requires all buildings to be adjusted to cater for the disabled, is yet to be operationalised; a fact that is only too well proved when one visits many buildings in the city.

Among the reasons given for the failure to gazette were complaints raised by building owners who said the cost of making the adjustments would be too high.

Wheelchairs

Buildings which house government offices, such as Bima House, Jogoo House, Treasury Building, Sheria House, National Social Security Fund, Re-Insurance Plaza and both the High Court and Milimani Commercial Courts and City Hall have no ramps for those using wheelchairs.

Jogoo House A, which hosts the Home Affairs ministry under which the disabled fall, has a ramp that is chipped at the front and might as well be a step.

Slippery floors, which are characteristic of most banks and entrances to office buildings, also pose a hazard for those who use crutches.

Nation Centre, where this newspaper is published, is one example. It also has no ramps for wheelchair access.

Panafric Hotel, which hosted the conference, had made temporary arrangements for the participants, one of whom, Phitalis Were of Cheshire International, said necessity had made them opt for it.

At Parliament, for example, adjustments were only made to accommodate the disabled when former Samburu East MP Sammy Leshore started using a wheelchair after an attack that left him paralysed from the waist.

The Nairobi City Council has also allocated some parking slots for the disabled. Medical Services minister Anyang’ Nyong’o also recently said that none of the maternity wards in public hospitals has special provisions to assist disabled mothers during delivery.

Mr Kenneth hastened to add that local authorities had since 2003 been instructed not to approve building plans that do not show any special provisions for the disabled such as ramps and special walkways but the participants had just had a glimpse into the promises and statements made at similar events but rarely fulfilled.

This directive would also seem not to have been complied with by the contractors who put up the Muthurwa hawkers’ market, where the disabled hawkers have already begun to complain about the steep ramps and lack of them in the market proper.

The matter of the speech aside, participants were optimistic that at last, circumstances might improve for the 650 million disabled people worldwide, according to World Health Organisation statistics.

That 80 per cent of that number is in developing countries means that Africa might be hosting the bulk of the disabled population globally with African governments being accused of failing to do much for them.

The United Nations had also been accused of ignoring the plight of the group with the Millennium Development Goals lacking any target in which they would play a role.

As 10 per cent of the global population, the disabled feel that the lack of a UN agency, among other factors is to blame for the failure to cater for them.

The meeting had as part of its resolutions a proposal for the formation of such an agency.

“We will communicate the outcome of this meeting to our governments to review, prioritise and include issues of disability in their country statements during the high-level meetings on MDGs in New York,” said Kudakwashe Dube, head of the Secretariat of the African Decade of Persons With Disabilities.

Other resolutions at the three-day conference included a decision to lobby for the establishment of an African disability equity fund through the African Development Bank.

Such a fund, they argued, would boost efforts at ridding the disabled people of the tag of pity and charity to that of an industrious group willing to earn a living.

Convention

If its formation is accepted, the UN agency will also be used to monitor the governments’ implementation of the UN convention which came into effect earlier this year.

It will work along the lines of others like UNEP, Unicef and UNIFEM, which cater for matters to do with the environment, children and women respectively.

The availability of reliable data has been one of the main impediments to the development of either policies or the implementation of existing ones to do with the disabled.

One such project is the Disability Fund which, if established, would work along the lines of the Women’s and Youth Fund.

Mr Kenneth said that a survey carried out by the Central Bureau of Statistics, which was released in May, would go a long way in identifying those who would benefit from the fund.

Participants however questioned the validity of the 4.6 per cent figure, which translates into 1.5 million disabled Kenyans, arguing that the number could be closer to the WHO estimate for developing countries, or more.

Mr Were, a disabled rights’ activist, said a true figure could be found after the national census slated for next year.

His sentiments were echoed by National Council for Persons With Disabilities chair Charles Onindo.

Dr Onindo told the Nation that the council, which was established in 2004 as one of the provisions of the Act, is working with the Central Bureau of Statistics for the inclusion of numbers of disabled people in the country in next year’s census.

Ecumenical Disability Advocates Network director Samuel Kabue however said the full implementation of the convention and the laws for the disabled should be given priority over the push for the agency.

“The processes that led to the formation of the current structures started in 1971 and although the existence of the UN agency or fund would be good due to the international effect, we need to use what we already have,” he told the Nation.

He cited the failure to implement the Act fully and the Government’s silence on its implementation plan after the ratification of the UN convention as some of the reasons for his argument.

Mr Kabue was not alone as earlier, lack of political goodwill was listed as one of the reasons issues to do with the disabled have constantly taken the back-burner in Africa.

Deputy director of the African section of the UN Millennium Campaign Tajudeen Raheem had blamed it on the lack of willingness by politicians to take up the disabled persons’ issues.

“Africa is the only continent where governments are willing to wage wars and even invade other countries even as their citizens continue to lack basic amenities such as education and healthcare,” Dr Raheem lamented.

He cited the success of the free primary education programme in several countries as a case where politicians have helped in the realisation of the MDGs.

Dr Raheem said that unless politicians gave the issues of disabled people the attention they deserve, the achievement of the MDGs, which collectively aim at reducing global poverty by half by 2015, would be meaningless.

Vice-President Kalonzo Musyoka admitted as much when he said: “Realisation of Vision 2030 will remain a mirage for as long as a huge segment of our society is excluded on account of their disability.”

Dr Raheem’s challenge, which received Mr Dube’s support, was for the disabled to moan less about the failure to include them in the MDGs and do more to ensure their issues are considered.

The gloom might however be ended if the resolutions are anything to go by. The neglect of the disabled has led to the formation of a variety of NGOs, all of which claim to work for the disabled with the well-known objectives of advocacy, fund-raising and awareness creation. Results unclear

But as it emerged during the conference, their roles were conflicting and results unclear.

The NGOs resolved to coordinate their work to reduce the range of activities that have resulted in them being described as a disorganised group with a wide range of demands.

Participants who spoke to the Nation were optimistic that the move for the formation of the UN agency would be successful.

Mr Kaganzi Rutachwamagyo, from Tanzania, said the resolutions were important as they had ensured that the conference was not about mere rhetoric like others held in the past.

Nomasonto Mazibuko and Grace Massah, representing albinos from South Africa and Malawi respectively, echoed Mr Rutachwamagyo’s sentiments.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.nation.co.ke/News/-/1056/474538/-/tkv7p5/-/




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Nigeria: NCS Wants Disabled Persons to Participate in Politics

Daily Trust (Abuja)
25 September 2008
Posted to the web 25 September 2008

The National Civil Society (NCS) yesterday in Abuja called on INEC to ensure that people with disability participate fully in the political process.

The group made the call at the end of the National Civil Society validation summit on Electoral Reforms.

"The political system has consistently ignored the full participation and inclusion of the more than 10 per cent of the country's population who have disabilities," the NCS said.

They said the registration and voting processes were not sensitive to the needs of such people, adding that there were no sign language interpreters at the registration and polling booths.

"Electoral materials are not in braille and are not accessible to the blind," NCS said, adding that the Electoral Act should incorporate the use of Electronic Audio Voting (EAV) for the blind.

NCS further said that amputees and leprosy survivors have been disenfranchised, saying they have not been able to vote due to the absence of some fingers.

NCS, therefore, called on INEC to provide alternative methods of voting for amputees and leprosy survivors in its guidelines.

They also suggested that a sign language interpreter should be employed in INEC offices, both at the headquarters and in state offices as well as at the polling booths to assist the deaf.

They called on the government to amend section 42 and 43 of the 1999 Constitution to include disability as a prohibited ground of discrimination.

A sub-section should be added to section 57 of the 2006 Electoral Act to provide for separate queues or priority voting for persons with disabilities.

"All electoral materials should be designed to be made accessible and usable to all persons with disabilities in appropriate formats," NCS said

They added that polling booths should be made accessible to persons with disabilities and that some political offices should be reserved for them at all levels of government.

They also suggested that registration papers should include information on disability and that INEC should train personnel to attend to people with disabilities. NAN

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200809250291.html




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Namibia: Special School Celebrates Coming of Age

New Era (Windhoek)
25 September 2008
Posted to the web 25 September 2008

Frederick Philander
Windhoek

The School for the Hearing Impaired on the outskirts of Khomasdal is presently celebrating its 13th year and is on the verge of expanding its activities to further its aims of inclusive education.

According to the school's principal, Nomza Kleinert, a former HOD at the institution accommodating 144 learners from around the country, a formal agreement with the Icelandic government is about to materialize.

"We are expanding the building to start a centre for deaf studies and communication for researchers and students. In the meantime our learner enrollment grows every year to accommodate those impaired learners from pre-school up to Grade 10," Kleinert said.

She spoke with excitement about the integration efforts to get learners with hearing problems into mainstream education.

"We have managed to get two of our learners into ordinary school at Cosmos Secondary School, a unique achievement, which we hope will further bear fruit in future. I am also very happy to report that some of our male students are following technical careers at the Vocational Training Centre in Khomasdal," she said.

The school has a staff of 21 teachers tutoring in hand sign language, a big challenge for the staff.

"We recruit our teaching staff from the four colleges of education and the University of Namibia, offering them an opportunity to work with hearing impaired learners. We follow the broad national curriculum as well as the supplementary curriculum for special education. Slight modifications are made to meet the needs of deaf learners," she said.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200809250377.html




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コーヒーアワー 「障害と開発」シリーズ 第15回 『視覚障害当事者が見る教育事情〜スーダンとネパールの経験』

標記の件が開催されますところ、ご案内いたします。
スーダンとネパールから日本に留学されている視覚障害当事者の方から、それぞれの
国の教育の現状や課題等について、お話を伺う貴重な機会です。
ぜひご参加ください。
詳細は以下の通りです。

(尚、本シリーズの過去のコーヒーアワーの記録は以下をご覧ください。
http://go.worldbank.org/LGGC2IR3O0 )

**************(概要)**************
コーヒーアワー 「障害と開発」シリーズ 第15回
『視覚障害当事者が見る教育事情〜スーダンとネパールの経験』
障害分野NGO連絡会(JANNET)、日本財団、世界銀行情報センター(PIC東京)共催

日時: 2008年9月26日(金) 午後6時30分〜8時00分
場所: 世界銀行情報センター(PIC東京) http://www.worldbank.org/ptokyo

内容: 日本の大学院に留学中の視覚障害当事者のお二人から、日本語で、出身国の
教育事情についてお話を伺います。先般、2008年度の人間力大賞を受賞した東京外語
大学修士課程(伊勢崎賢治研究室)のアブディンさんからはスーダン、東京大学博士
課程(福島智研究室)のカマルさんからはネパールでの高等教育における視覚障害者
の学習環境や課題等についてご紹介いただきます。また、ネパールでの支援活動も展
開している東京へレンケラー協会の福山さんにもお話しいただきます。

言語: 日本語、日本手話、参加無料(コーヒー付き)

詳細: http://go.worldbank.org/M5TPVUJ110
参加申込:
お名前、ご所属、ご連絡先を「9月26日コーヒーアワー参加希望」と明記の上、
ptokyo@worldbank.org宛にお送りください。

***********************(詳細抜粋)***********************************

『視覚障害当事者が見る教育事情〜スーダンとネパールの経験』
世界銀行情報センター(PIC東京) / 障害分野NGO連絡会(JANNET) / 日本財団
 共催 コーヒーアワー 「障害と開発」シリーズ 第15回

2006年12月国連総会で「障害者の権利条約」が採択され、「障害と開発」の視点が途
上国の開発にあたって留意すべき重要な項目に位置付けられる大きな一歩になり、日
本も2007年9月に署名しました。批准国は20カ国に達し、5月3日に発効しました。世
界人口の10%が障害者であるなか、2015年までに貧しい人々の人口を半減させるとい
うミレニアム開発目標(MDGs)達成のためには、障害を開発問題として捉えることが
重要です。

今回は、日本の大学院に留学中の視覚障害当事者のお二人から、日本語で、出身国の
教育事情についてお話を伺います。先般、2008年度の人間力大賞を受賞した東京外語
大学修士課程(伊勢崎賢治研究室)のアブディンさんからはスーダン、東京大学博士
課程(福島智研究室)のカマルさんからはネパールでの高等教育における視覚障害者
の学習環境や課題等についてご紹介いただきます。また、ネパールでの支援活動も展
開している東京へレンケラー協会の福山さんにもお話しいただきます。

この機会に「障害と開発」について考えてみませんか?

スピーカー
モハメド・オマール・アブディンさん
(東京外国語大学大学院地域文化研究科平和構築紛争予防修士プログラム
(伊勢崎賢治研究室))

カマル・ラミチャネさん (東京大学先端学際工学専攻・博士課程(福島智研究室)

福山博さん  (東京へレンケラー協会)

日時
2008年9月26日(金) 午後6時30分〜8時00分

場所
世界銀行情報センター(PIC東京)
東京都千代田区内幸町2-2-2 富国生命ビル1階
地下鉄三田線 内幸町駅、日比谷線・千代田線・丸の内線 霞ヶ関駅

問合せ先
世界銀行情報センター(PIC東京) E-mail: ptokyo@worldbank.org Tel:03-3597-6650

申込方法
世界銀行東京事務所ウェブサイト上でオンライン登録、またはお名前、ご所属、ご連
絡先を「9月26日コーヒーアワー参加希望」と明記の上、ptokyo@worldbank.org宛に
お送りください。参加費は無料(コーヒー付き)、使用言語は日本語、日本手話で
す。


>TOP

Ghana: Adidas Support School for the Deaf

Ghanaian Chronicle (Accra)
26 September 2008
Posted to the web 26 September 2008

Kofi Owusu Aduonum

The soccer marketing department of adidas, of United States of America, has donated sets of football kits to the Mampong-Akwapim Junior High and Senior Technical School for the deaf.

The gesture was necessitated by two philanthropists, Juan Manuel and Santiago Landerzuri, who presented the over $2,000 USD worth of football items comprising set of Jerseys, footballs, and Shin guards among others.

Mr. Sammy Aggro thanked the donors on behalf of the headmaster of the school for the kind gesture and promised the school will make good use of the kits, and also called on other bodies to follow suit to help the deprived school for the deaf.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200809260896.html




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Programme to integrate disabled children into regular school system launched

By gna
Education | Sat, 27 Sep 2008

Dr Samuel K. Hayford of the Department of Special Education, University of Education, Winneba said Inclusive Education would improve access to quality education by children with physical disabilities.

He was speaking in Ho on Thursday at the launch of an Inclusive Education programme that seeks to integrate children with physical disabilities into the regular school system to ensure equity.

It was organised by the Special Education Division, Ghana Education Service (GES) in Ho and sponsored by EQUAL-Special Education Needs (SEN) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). It was under the theme “Inclusive Education, Education for All; Prospects and Challenges”.

Dr Hayford said in its most basic form, mainstreaming was the promotion of the physical co-existence of pupils with and without disabilities in the same place.

He said lack of legislative framework and policy guidelines, funds to finance the adaptation to existing facilities and entrenched beliefs and attitudes were among challenges facing Inclusive Education in the country.

He said in spite of these seemingly insurmountable challenges, inclusive education was cost effective and must be adopted because “the rights of people cannot be sacrificed for any other reason”.

Ms Rosemund A. Keteku, Ho Municipal Director of Education said it was a taboo in the past to suggest that people living with disabilities should be considered as useful citizens in nation building.

She said with the passage of the Disability Law of 2006 and the timely intervention of USAID and EQUAL-Special Education Needs (SEN) Project in schools there appeared to be “light at the end of the tunnel for children and persons living with disabilities”.

Ms Keteku said about 800 teachers were trained by a team of Special Education Experts from the Institute of Woodlands Academy in the USA for the Inclusive Education programme.

Mrs Victoria Donkor, Director of the Special Education Division of GES said a number of strategies had been adopted towards implementing the Inclusive Education programme.

These include training of all teachers in special education needs, redesigning school infrastructure to facilitate the accommodation of pupils and students, sensitization workshops for parents and children with special needs and the establishment of district education assessment centres.

Mr Mawutor Goh, Ho Municipal Chief Executive, in an address read on his behalf, appealed to the public to desist from stigmatizing people living with disabilities as they could also contribute to the country's development if given the proper training.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.modernghana.com/news/184118/1/programme-to-integrate-disabled-children-into-regu.mgl




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Heart diseases still number one cause of disability in Ghana

The President of the Ghana Society for Hypertension and Cardiology, Dr. Francis Kwamin, has expressed worry that cardiovascular diseases are still the number one cause of disability and death in Ghana . This is more worrying because cardiovascular diseases constitute a bigger problem than all the other diseases making it very expensive to treat. He was emphatic that Ghanaians should put up healthy lifestyles to prevent such diseases. Dr. Kwamin in an interview with Radio Ghana said there are not obvious symptoms of cardiovascular diseases and the only way to know is through regular check ups.

It is for this reason that this year’s "World Heart Day" is advocating that people know their risk. Dr. Kwamin advised that from age 35, people should undergo medical screening every two years and once a year after 45 years.

The President of the Ghana Heart Foundation Prof. Kwabena Frimpong Boateng, said it is regrettable that Cardiovascular diseases are now killing more people in developing countries than in developed ones. Prof. Frimpong Boateng mentioned skin bleaching as a contributory factor, since it promotes the establishment of non-communicable diseases including hypertension. He appealed to all to join in the fight against cardiovascular diseases since they are preventable.

Posted on: Sunday, 28, September, 2008 Source: GBC NEWS

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://gbcghana.com/news/22660detail.html




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Namibia: Free Bus Rides for the Disabled

The Namibian (Windhoek)
29 September 2008
Posted to the web 29 September 2008

The Windhoek municipality will soon issue disabled people with special cards to allow them a free bus ride every day, the City Council has decided.

Although municipal bus drivers had for the past 30 years exempted impaired and disabled residents without any formal authority from the Council, the change to an electronic bus fare management system made it necessary to register such passengers and issue the cards.

The Windhoek City Council last Wednesday adopted the new system and stated that the free bus rides for physically challenged passengers would be limited to one return trip per day, starting from January 1 next year.

Currently only 30 such passengers make use of the bus service, translating into N$180 a day or N$51 800 a year.

"It is anticipated that these passenger figures might triple," the agenda document stated.

"The passengers must apply at the municipality for exemption and they will receive a smart card complete with their photo on it."

The Windhoek municipality is further investigating the possibility of exempting pensioners from bus fares.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200809291043.html




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Society of Physically Disabled wants to be represented at the assemblies

By gna
Social Affairs | Mon, 29 Sep 2008

The Ghana Society of Physically Disabled has advocated for the enactment of a law that would give the physically challenged one quarter of the seats in Metropolitan, Municipal and District assemblies.

The Society said this was necessary to help them to participate effectively in decision-making whiles also championing the cause for their own progress.

Mr Osei Bonsu, chairman of the Adansi North District branch of the Society, made the appeal at a day's HIV/AIDS sensitization programme for the disabled at Dompoase near Fomena organised by the Ghana AIDS Commission.

Mr Bonsu said he was not happy about the misconception majority of Ghanaians have about the disabled and said this was as a result of their continuous neglect and marginalization at all levels of the society.

He said in spite of these challenges, disabled persons should not lose hope but strive to take advantage of the opportunities made available by government, non-governmental organizations, corporate bodies and philanthropists to learn trades.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.modernghana.com/news/184240/1/society-of-physically-disabled-wants-to-be-represe.html




>TOP

Ghana: Status of Disability Council Still in Doubt

Public Agenda (Accra)
29 September 2008
Posted to the web 29 September 2008

Frederick Asiamah
Accra

Uncertainty still hangs over the status of the National Council on Persons with Disability (PWD). The disability community is unclear in their minds whether the purported meetings of the Council could be described as formal or otherwise.

Meeting in Accra on Thursday for the second time this year, members of the Disability Network could not accept that the supposed meetings of the Council were formal since it was yet to be inaugurated.

Even so, Miss Rita Kyeremaa Kusi, Executive Director of the Ghana Federation of the Disabled (GFD), informed the meeting that officials of the Ministry of Manpower, Youth and Employment saw the meetings of the council as formal.

At the previous meeting of the network in April, Ms Kusi was tasked to arrange a meeting between representatives of the network and the sector Minister, Hon. Nana Akomea.

The Persons with Disability Act (Act 715), 2006 required the establishment of the Council to give impetus to the implementation of the Disability Law. Initially, the disability community was concerned with the delayed constitution of the council.

But in June, during the observance of the Second National Day of the Disabled, PWDs learnt albeit with surprise that the Council was already in place and has been holding meetings.

" I am reliably informed that the Council has been formed and has started its operations," said Hon Paul Okoh, Chairman, Parliamentary Select Committee on Employment, Social Welfare and State Enterprises.

He however acknowledged, "Yes! The Council has not been inaugurated. However, due to its important role it has been given the nod to start its operations."

Hon Akosua Frema Osei Opare, Deputy Minister of Manpower, Youth and Employment confirmed that the council was in place and in fact has been organising meetings. She also confirmed that Prof. E. Gyimah Boadi was the Chairman of the Council.

At Thursday's meeting, Hon Yaw Ofori Debra, Vice President in charge of Advocacy, GFD, stirred a debate when he inquired about the status of the meetings of the council; whether formal or informal.

Mr. Alexander Tetteh, Administrator of the Ghana Society for the Physically Disabled (GSPD), said as long as the council was not inaugurated its meetings were unofficial.

Sonia Kwami of the Voluntary Services Overseas agreed with GSPD official. She tied the formalness of the meetings to the inauguration of the council.

Hon Okoh stated previously that the inauguration had not been done "because we want it to be done by the President."

Perhaps, still relevant is Mr. Ofori Debra's onetime observation that "the soul of the Disability Act resides in the Council."

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/200809291218.html




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DISABLED PERSONS WANT SPECIAL PROVISION IN ANNUAL BUDGET

The Joint Association of Persons with Disabilities has appealed to the state government to make adequate budgetary provision to ameliorate the suffering of the physically challenged in the state. The call contained in a 10-point communique issued at the end of the Annual General Meeting (AGM) of Akwa Ibom State Joint Association of Persons with Disabilities and signed by the association’s president, Comrade Ubong Udoh; the secretary, Mr Aniefiok Okon, and the chairman, communique drafting committee, Apostle Jesus-Abasi Inwang. The association said, it was its desire that the federal, state and local governments make provision in their annual budgets to alleviate the plights of persons with disabilities in Nigeria and urged the government to extend free medical treatment to their members as is done to persons living with HIV/AIDS.

. The group also made a case for appointment of its members to positions of authority and the disbursement of micro-credit loans by banks to its members to empower them. The association also called for the provision of subvention for the local chapters of the body and for the observation of international day for persons with disabilities, saying that the event that is observed worldwide every December 3, had not been observed in the state for the past three years.

It called for the creation of the directorate of rehabilitation in the Ministry of Social Welfare, while schools and public offices should be structurally designed to be disabled-friendly. The association equally called on the government to offer automatic employment to qualified disabled persons and to approve the payment of monthly survival allowance to all its unemployed members.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.akwaibomstategov.com/news2-2.asp?ID=3267



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