アフリカ／アフリカ Africa 1970年〜80年代／アフリカ Africa 1990年代／アフリカ Africa 2000／アフリカ Africa 2001／アフリカ Africa 2002／アフリカ Africa 2003／アフリカ Africa 2004／アフリカ Africa 2005／アフリカ Africa 2006／アフリカ Africa 2007 1／アフリカ Africa 2007 2／アフリカ Africa 2007 3／アフリカ Africa 2007 4／アフリカ Africa 2008 1月／アフリカ Africa 2008 2月／アフリカ Africa 2008 3月／アフリカ Africa 2008 4月／アフリカ Africa 2008 5月／アフリカ Africa 2008 6月／アフリカ Africa 2008 7月／アフリカ Africa 2008 8月／アフリカ Africa 2008 9月／アフリカ Africa 2008 10月／アフリカ Africa 2008 11月／アフリカ Africa 2008 12月／アフリカ Africa 2009 1月／アフリカ Africa 2009 2月／アフリカ Africa 2009 3月／アフリカ Africa 2009 4月／アフリカ Africa 2009 5月／アフリカ Africa 2009 6月／アフリカ Africa 2009 7月／アフリカ Africa 2009 8月／アフリカ Africa 2009 9月／アフリカ Africa 2009 10月／アフリカ Africa 2009 11月／アフリカ Africa 2009 12月／アフリカ Africa 2010 1月／アフリカ Africa 2010 2月／アフリカ Africa 2010 3月／アフリカ Africa 2010 4月／アフリカ Africa 2010 5月／アフリカ Africa 2010 6月／アフリカ Africa 2010 7月／アフリカ Africa 2010 8月／アフリカ Africa 2010 9月／アフリカ Africa 2010 10月／アフリカ Africa 2010 11月／アフリカ Africa 2010 12月／アフリカ Africa 2011年1月／アフリカ Africa 2011年2月／アフリカ Africa 2011年3月／アフリカ Africa 2011年4月／アフリカ Africa 2011年5月／アフリカ Africa 2011年6月／アフリカ Africa 2011年7月／アフリカ Africa 2011年8月／アフリカ Africa 2011年9月／アフリカ Africa 2011年10月／アフリカ Africa 2011年11月／アフリカ Africa 2011年12月／アフリカ Africa 2012年1月／アフリカ Africa 2012年2月／アフリカ Africa 2012年3月／アフリカ Africa 2012年4月／アフリカ Africa 2012年5月／アフリカ Africa 2012年6月／アフリカ Africa 2012年7月／アフリカ Africa 2012年8月／アフリカ Africa 2012年9月／アフリカ Africa 2012年10月／アフリカ Africa 2012年11月／アフリカ Africa 2012年12月／アフリカ Africa 2013年1月／アフリカ Africa 2013年2月／アフリカ Africa 2013年3月／アフリカ Africa 2013年4月／アフリカ Africa 2013年5月／アフリカ Africa 2013年6月／アフリカ Africa 2013年7月／アフリカ Africa 2013年8月／アフリカ Africa 2013年9月／アフリカ Africa 2013年10月／アフリカ Africa 2013年11月／アフリカ Africa 2013年12月／アフリカ Africa 2014年1月／アフリカ Africa 2014年2月／アフリカ Africa 2014年3月／アフリカ Africa 2014年4月／アフリカ Africa 2014年5月／アフリカ Africa 2014年6月／アフリカ Africa 2014年7月／アフリカ Africa 2014年8月／アフリカ Africa 2014年9月／アフリカ Africa 2014
◆Gender in Africa
◆ケニア共和国 Republic of Kenya 大統領選挙と騒乱
○2007年までのニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 〜2007年
○2008年1月〜3月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2008年 1
○2008年4月〜6月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2008年 2
○2008年7月〜9月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2008年 3
○2008年10月〜12月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2008年 4
○2009年1月〜6月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2009年1月〜6月
○2009年7月〜9月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2009年7月〜9月
○2009年10月〜12月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2009年10月〜12月
○2010年1月〜3月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2010年1月〜3月
○2010年4月〜6月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2010年4月〜6月
○2010年7月〜9月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2010年7月〜9月
○2010年10月〜12月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2010年10月〜12月
○2011年1月〜3月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2011年1月〜3月
○2011年4月〜6月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2011年4月〜6月
○2011年7月〜9月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2011年7月〜9月
○2011年10月〜12月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2011年10月〜12月
○2012年1月〜3月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2012年1月〜3月
○2012年4月〜6月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2012年4月〜6月
○2012年7月〜9月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2012年7月〜9月
○2012年10月〜12月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2012年10月〜12月
○2013年1月〜3月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2013年1月〜3月
○2013年4月〜6月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2013年4月〜6月
○2013年7月〜9月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2013年7月〜9月
○2013年10月〜12月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2013年10月〜12月
○2014年1月〜3月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2014年1月〜3月
○2014年4月〜6月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2014年4月〜6月
○2014年7月〜9月のニュース・情報 アフリカ障害者の10年 2014年7月〜9月
◆2014/10/01 NTV Uganda Living Life: Disabled Street Preacher
◆2014/10/06 AllAfrica.com Africa: View On Disability - Are Disabled Kids in School After All?
◆2014/10/06 AllAfrica.com Sudan: Providing Education for Central Darfur's Deaf Community
◆2014/10/07 gurtong Disabled Union In NBGS Calls For International Support For Peace In South Sudan
◆2014/10/07 Radio Tamazuj Disabled persons in Aweil protest against war
◆2014/10/08 Mission Network News Reaching the Deaf for Christ: Part Two
◆2014/10/10 GhanaWeb Neglected Wa School for the Deaf calls for help
◆2014/10/18 Sowetan Live Caring mom takes up struggle of the deaf
◆2014/10/19 Frederick News Post After world travels, resident continues to help deaf community
◆2014/10/21 AllAfrica.com South Africa: Basic Education Department Is Neglecting Deaf Learners
◆2014/10/22 Mmegi Online Amend ballot paper for the deaf - activist
◆2014/10/23 AllAfrica.com Rwanda: Deaf and Mute Girl Sits PLE, Wants to Become an Accountant
◆2014/10/24 GhanaWeb Address abuse of common fund allocation to persons with disability
◆2014/10/24 Namibian Deaf association pleads for help
◆2014/10/24 GhanaWeb Deaf football team cry for help
◆2014/10/31 アジア経済研究所 次世代ワークショップ「アフリカにおける開発と障害」
■Child-friendly text of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Word/PDF)
■International Rehabilitation Review, December 2007 - Vol. 56, No. 1, SPECIAL EDITION
This annotated bibliography lists a selection of 130 novels, short stories, biographies, autobiographies, materials from philosophy, anthropology and folklore, and literary criticism, in which disability, deafness or mental disorders play some significant part, from East Asia, South Asia, the Middle East and Africa, available mostly in English or French.
○アフリカNOW 78号 特集：アフリカ障害者の10年〜アフリカの障害者の取り組みは今
2007年10月20日発行 一部500円（送料実費） 必要な方はAJF事務局こちらへ
* アフリカにおける平和の定着と民主化の課題 武内進一
* ケニア：2007年選挙後暴力を裁く特別法廷の設置 永岡宏昌
* 「POP AFRICA アフリカの今にのる？！」参加して考えたこと 茂住衛
* 【映画紹介】エンタングル・イン・トーキョー パート1:罪の報酬 川田薫
○アフリカNOW第85号 特集 在日アフリカ人・コミュニティと共に生きる
The situation of disabled people in Zimbabwe by Alexander M. Phiri
The situation of youth with disabilities in Uganda by Aggrey Olweny
アフリカの現場から：ガーナ 小中学校における性教育とエイズ予防啓発 宮本
○『アジア経済 Vol.49, No.2』 「貧困のミクロ経済分析−貧困の罠を用いた文献理解」
伊藤成朗 ￥1,050 B5判 平均104頁 2008年2月
- - 生計向上アプローチの可能性 - -
山形辰史編 ￥4,620円（本体 4,400円 + 税5%） A5判 280頁 2008年3月27日 ［amazon］
アフリカと政治 紛争と貧困とジェンダー 改訂版
戸田真紀子著 お著の水書房 2,400円＋税 2013年9月 ［amazon］
Race Against Time: Searching for Hope in AIDS-Ravaged Africa
山田肖子編著 岩波書店 ジュニア新書 245ｐ 2008年3月
○アフリカのろう者と手話の歴史 - A・J・フォスターの「王国」を訪ねて
亀井伸孝著 明石書店 A5判 254p 2006年12月
○亀井伸孝(2009)「第5章 言語と身体の違いを超えて関係を構築する−アフリカ のろう者コミュニティにて−」
亀井伸孝著 岩波書店 2009年6月19日 日本語 819円 (税込み) 新書判/縦組/240ページ ISBN978-4-00-500630-4 C0236
○「理解と進歩のためのアフリカ言語学: 第6回世界アフリカ言語学会議（WOCAL 6）参加報告」
Living Life: Disabled Street Preacher
In Living Life today, we tell the story of a 27-year old disabled graduate, who took to the streets to preach in his graduation gown after failing to get employment.
He is not bound by the fact that he has lived in a wheelchair all his life but has instead decided to use his situation to praise God. In Living Life today, we bring you the story of a 27-year old graduate, who took to the streets to preach in his graduation gown after failing to get employment.
Africa: View On Disability - Are Disabled Kids in School After All?
SciDev.Net recently reported on an economic analysis by Nobel laureate Eric Maskin that presents education as a solution to inequality. Education is often promoted as a route out of poverty. And when it comes to schooling disabled children, many global development professionals believe the biggest challenge is to simply get them into the classroom, according to disability researcher Hannah Kuper of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom.
But a new study she led indicates that the majority of disabled children in the developing world are in some form of education. So, she says, it's time for the debate to move on from "getting bums on seats" to focusing on the quality of education these children get and their overall school experience.
The study by Kuper's team was published in PLOS One last month.  It used data from surveys of almost a million children in 49 nations across the developing world that are sponsored in programmes run by children's charity Plan. And it showed that, generally, 60-70 per cent of surveyed children with disabilities were in school (although there were exceptions to this rule - see graph).
The study shows that on average 60-70 per cent of disabled children are in education, which in developing nations may not be so far from the proportion of children without disabilities. Nonetheless, there are some countries - including Egypt and Guinea - where the inequality is more pronounced.
The surveys were designed to inform the letters Plan sends to update Western donors who sponsor the children. Although the questions are basic, one asks whether the child has an impairment or disability.
Since the exact same questions are used in each country, the resulting data are directly comparable and therefore powerful, Kuper tells me.
"The vast majority of the literature on disability is small, qualitative studies," she says, noting that even the WHO's World report on disability is built on information from such studies.  "Our study is large and uses the same question across different countries, so it's comparable - and that's what's unique about it."
A caveat is that the children that Plan helps have received aid and so may be more likely to have access to education and to come from poor backgrounds than the rest of the population. But Kuper says several other studies she conducted in individual countries back up the finding. One, conducted in Malawi, found that 73 per cent of the 2,700 children with disabilities surveyed were in education. 
Kuper adds that other NGOs - including World Vision, which runs its own sponsor-a-child programme - conduct similar studies using the data that they already collect for research.
The PLOS One study also reveals that, among those surveyed, about a third more boys than girls have disabilities. And the results show differences in the prevalence of different types of disability reported across continents - for example, mental disabilities were seldom reported in Africa but were more commonly flagged elsewhere. Although Kuper has theories about the causes of these trends, she says more research is needed to unpick their genesis.
But her main aim is for her results to help move debates around the schooling of disabled children away from merely getting such children into education and towards discussing how to ensure the teaching they get is good quality.
Joshua Howgego is SciDev.Net's deputy news and opinions editor. @jdhowgego
 Hannah Kuper and others The impact of disability on the lives of children; cross-sectional data including 8,900 children with disabilities and 898,834 children without disabilities across 30 countries (PLOS One, 9 September 2014)
 World report on disability (WHO, 2011)
 The Malawi key informant child disabilit
Sudan: Providing Education for Central Darfur's Deaf Community
Anour Mohammed Anour, a 55-year-old, is one of the oldest students enrolled at the Centre for the Deaf in Zalingei, Central Darfur. The centre is the only facility of its kind providing formal education for deaf students in the area.
The students are taught how to write and use sign language in an enabling learning atmosphere. They come from nearby camps for internally displaced persons as well as from Zalingei town and surrounding villages. The centre first began its activities with only seven students and over the time that number has risen to more than 60 students.
All the students in the centre are deaf ranging from primary school ages to elderly men and women. Hanan Bakhit, a 12-years-old, and Khadiga Taha Rezegalla, a 16-years-old, both from Hamediya camp for displaced persons, indicate that this is the only form of education they receive because the other schools in the camp are not able to accommodate students with a disabilities, especially the ones with a hearing loss.
Talib Eldean Adam Idries was born deaf and didn't learn how to communicate until he enrolled at a school for deaf people in Khartoum in 1985. He explains that he was working in the Sudanese capital when he learned that there was a specialized institution for deaf people nearby.
Following the completion of his studies, he returned to his home in Zalingei and established the first union and the centre for the deaf in 2006 aimed at providing a platform for the deaf community from different backgrounds to learn how to communicate. Some of the students travelled long distances to attend the lessons that at the beginning were conducted under a make-shift tent made of thatched grass.
Mr. Idries says that his centre has not benefitted from financial support from local institutions. UNAMID and other UN agencies have been providing much needed support including the construction of classrooms, toilets and a perimeter wall as well as the distribution of educational materials.
Through UNAMID's quick impact projects, Civil Affairs funded the construction of three classrooms in 2007. Currently, one room is used as office space for the teachers while the other two are used for primary and secondary school education for the deaf students. The Mission also plans to construct additional classrooms and a workshop to enable the centre with a form of income generating activities.
"Every child deserves an education, especially children with disabilities. That is why within our limited resources, we took up this project to assist the school so that students can acquire an education to learn how to communicate, it is their right," says Tahir Cevik, UNAMID Civil Affairs Team Leader in Central Darfur.
In addition, in 2012, UNAMID's UN Volunteers programme painted the classrooms and the fence as well as constructed a shelter as part of its community activities. UNAMID is also mobilizing support from other relevant agencies operating in the area to assist the centre for deaf.
Mr. Idries says the parents have expressed appreciation to the school for such assistance because before they brought their children there some parents were unable to fulfil their child's special needs, some stayed at home to take care of it while others were seen roaming the streets.
Many children with such disabilities were not accepted in formal education and even after their graduation no one would hire them so they had to return to their lands to farm. "They are sometimes marginalized and segregated within their own communities," affirms Mr. Idries.
Mr. Idries is not discouraged by the lack of funding that the centre he created is suffering. Even if the school has some limitations, for example, there is only one text book available for all the students due to its high cost, he is satisfied that he can assist the deaf community in his hometown and would like to reach out to more in other locations.
"The centre has become a home and a school for these students where they can receive such adequate training," says Mr. Idries, who is proud of his achievements.
Disabled Union In NBGS Calls For International Support For Peace In South Sudan
In a memo presented to United Nations Mission In South Sudan branch office in Aweil, one to the governor office and another one to the peace commission in the state, hundreds of disabled Union members in the state capital matched in rows as they shout for ‘PEACE! PEACE!’
07 October 2014
Disabled Union In NBGS Calls for International support for Peace in South Sudan
Disabled members posed for group photo in their centre at Malou-aweer after presenting their petition to UNMISS [Photo|Gurtong Correspondent}
By Gurtong Correspondent
AWEIL, 6 October 2014- Under theme ‘Support peace loving citizens for peaceful coexistence’ they strongly called on international communities to recognize and support the ongoing peace talks in Addis-Ababa so that citizens of South Sudan enjoy everlasting peace.
“We, the disabled Union in Northern Bahr el Ghazal state are calling for the international communities to support the ongoing peace process in Addis-Ababa. We are urging for every peace loving people around the globe to support and stand with our legitimate president H.E Salva Kiir in order to safeguard the lives of innocent citizens of South Sudan who have suffered for more than 50 years.” The petition reads in part.
They also urged the warring parties to respect and commit to final peace dealt as they go back for another peace round talks in the upcoming days in Ethiopian capital, Addis-Ababa. In recognition of the losses incurred on citizens and properties, the group calls for an immediate cease fire from both ends so that there is no more bloodshed across the country.
“We strongly condemn this senseless war led by the rebels’ leader Riek Machar Teny and we are much concerned about this; and would like to express our appeal through this petition that Riek Machar must accept an unconditional peace. We don’t need any more increment of disabled this country… enough is enough of what happened in the past.” The petition partially reads.
“To be precise and focus, we assembled here as the disabled community to call for UN agencies, International organizations operating in NBGS through UNMISS to convey this message of our concern that we want peace to prevail in our country , we want every citizen in this country to have every right they deserve to as people of one country.” The letter further reads.
Northern Bahr el Ghazal state Union of Disabled [NBGUD] was established in 2007 and became officially operational in 2008. The Union has the departments of blind, deaf and lame. So far, only 154 lame members have been registered since its establishment. The union uses to get little fund from an international organization known as CSI which provides them with wheelchairs and tents.
Disabled persons in Aweil protest against war
AWEIL (7 Oct.)
Dozens of members of the disabled community of Northern Bahr el Ghazal State demonstrated for peace on Monday and against the country’s ten-month old war, which has been led by the SPLA faction leaders Riek Machar and Salva Kiir.
Fighters of the two warring factions SPLA-IO and SPLA-Juba have displaced 1.7 million people, killed tens of thousands of people, and pillaged the towns Bor, Mayom, Malakal, Leer, Bentiu, Nasser, and numerous villages.
Protesters in the state capital Aweil on Monday marched and wheeled their way toward the base of the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) where they presented a petition urging the international community to support peace efforts. They also presented their petition to the state government.
“We don’t need more disability to happen in the South because this will wound the nation itself,” said William, speaking on the UN radio service in South Sudan.
For its part, the UN peacekeeping mission says that it urges disabled persons to “spread the message of peace” in their communities.
This is one of the first peace protests reported in the Bahr al Ghazal region since the start of the war. The region is controlled by the SPLA-Juba faction.
Photo credit: Hannah McNeish/IRIN
Reaching the Deaf for Christ: Part Two
Mission Network News
PUBLISHED BY KATEY HEARTH ON OCTOBER 8, 2014
Africa (MNN) - In Part Two of our series about reaching the deaf for Christ, we’ll explore challenges and growth in Africa with Wycliffe Bible Translators, Wycliffe Associates, The Seed Company and Deaf Opportunity OutReach (DOOR).
With help from the Wycliffe coalition, DOOR is equipping national believers to tackle the stigma surrounding deafness and introduce people to Christ.
DOOR’s Rob Myers says many challenges face the families of hearing-impaired people in Africa compared to those in Western civilization; prime among them are prevalence and perception.
Healthcare issues in the underdeveloped and often impoverished nations of Africa contribute significantly to the commonality of deafness.
An African child signs "I Love You" in gratitude for the Gospel DVD he received from DOOR. (Photo cred: DOOR)
“You tend to find a higher percentage of deaf people among the populations,” Myers notes. “Oftentimes, children between the ages of five and eight will contract a disease that will subsequently cause them to lose their hearing.”
Another challenge to reaching the deaf for Christ in Africa is the perception of deafness itself. Many communities view deafness as a curse.
“The [deaf] child often becomes a source of shame for that family,” explains Myers. The perception of deafness as a curse usually results in deaf children being hidden away and completely isolated from society.
“90% of deaf children are actually born to hearing parents, so most of the time they grow up in a dysfunctional family because they have no means of communicating with their parents,” Myers adds.
Liberating Africa’s Deaf
Since many deaf communities in Africa are unreached, DOOR uses an “alternative” method of sign language Bible translation to introduce deaf people to Christ. It’s called “Chronological Bible Storying (CBS).”
DOOR uses a three-step CBS process and materials for evangelism, discipleship, and fellowship called Know God How, Follow God How, and Serve God How, respectively.
“That entire series constitutes 110 stories and lays a primary biblical foundation for a people group so that they can really understand what Christianity is about,” Myers explains.
DOOR staff in Africa celebrate the translation of evangelism, discipleship and fellowship materials. (Photo cred: DOOR)
Five African nations-Burundi, Ethiopia, Ghana, Uganda, and Tanzania-recently completed translation and production of the complete 110-story series. DOOR held a grand celebration to mark the occasion, and more breakthroughs came forth.
“During that celebration, we had the country of Nigeria finish the first series of 32 stories,” shares Myers.
“We also had our Kenya translation team finish a series of translator notes and Bible study notes, or commentaries, that we call ‘The Deeps.'”
He says these commentaries will be extremely helpful for future sign language translation work.
As you pray, ask the Lord how He would have you support deaf ministry in Africa. For more details on the ministry of DOOR, click here to visit their Web site.
Tomorrow, we’ll explore how you can be a part of reaching the deaf for Christ in your own community through Faith Comes By Hearing.
Read Reaching the Deaf for Christ: Part One.
Neglected Wa School for the Deaf calls for help
As difficult as it is for students at the Wa School for the deaf to communicate with persons who do not understand sign language; they have been rendered incapable of speaking even among themselves at night.
Owing to the current unavailability of light bulbs on the school campus, students have been deprived of the ability to communicate with each other.
Speaking to Joy FM’s Upper West correspondent, Rafiq Salam, headmaster of the school, Babiina Samuel Babinuo explained that aside from the light bulbs fitted in the students’ dormitories, none exist on other parts of the over forty acre campus.
Mr. Babinuo explained that the pupils communicate through sign language and facial expressions; something that’s difficult to interpret without adequate visibility, and especially at night.
“We talk with our hands; we don’t talk with our mouths and the person who is listening will have to listen with his eyes. So if the person listening with the eyes can’t see then it will be useless,” he said.
He expressed concern over the inability of students to conduct prep in their classrooms in the evenings, and for their safety as they move about the campus; especially as streetlights, despite being wired, are also not fitted with light bulbs.
Of the three latrines, which serve over three hundred students on the campus, one is in deplorable condition; having been overtaken by weeds.
Despite school authorities closing the structure down and earmarking it for demolition, Mr. Babinuo stated that the students sneak out to attend to nature’s call at the facility, and raised concerns over the possibility of a student(s) falling into the pit.
He mentioned that the school has written to the Wa Municipal Assembly on several occasions to assist with demolition of the structure and has yet to receive a response.
Further deploring the lack of support to properly run the school, Mr. Babinuo said the buildings on the campus were in a state of massive disrepair.
He stated that a contractor had been brought in four years ago to renovate the buildings - to fix problems such as crumbling walls and leaky roofs. The contractor, however, only ripped off the roofs of some of the buildings, rendering some classrooms water-logged.
“The failure of the contractor to finish the job has hindered students and staff in several ways. Because it is a special school we are supposed to have about seven students in a class but we are now forced to have over twenty in a class," he posited.
He lamented the unavailability of transportation for the school as all three vehicles for the school have ruined tyres which have not been replaced.
This unfortunate situation, he said, has resulted in the school mothers (teachers) piggy-backing sick children to and from the campus whenever they are in need of medical attention.
‘‘We are not fair to the school mothers; we shouldn’t use them like pack animals,” he concluded.
Caring mom takes up struggle of the deaf
Sowetan Live (satire) (press release) (registration) (blog) By Vicky Somniso-Abraham | 10 18, 2014 HOUSE number 55 at Esangweni Section in Tembisa on the East Rand has become a safe haven for the deaf community.
It is a home where wonderful and painful stories of many deaf people are shared. Due to the number of people who flock to the four-roomed house, one could mistakenly think it belongs to an established organisation for the deaf.
But it is owned by South African sign language (SASL) interpreter Senzi Motha who has opened her heart and home to the deaf.
Motha, 53, was introduced to sign language by her adopted deaf daughter and former colleague, Sylvia Manganye, 37, in 2002. Back then she could not sign and they had to communicate in writing.
"When she joined our company in Wynberg, I asked her to teach me three letters of the alphabet a day until I completed 26. She then taught me how to sign names and that's where everything started. On the eighth month, I was interpreting for her when we had meetings at work," Motha recalls.
Their relationship grew stronger and, in 2004, Manganye moved in with Motha and her late husband Titus. This brought Motha closer to other deaf people she met through Manganye and she has now become a pillar of strength to many.
"I'm in good relations with the deaf community. I have 30 sons and 50 daughters who are deaf.
"They flock to my house to seek help and my son [her biological son Nkosinathi] would jokingly say 'incane lendlu [this house is smal]; we'd better call the house DeafSA' and we would laugh about it."
This good Samaritan also offers counselling to abused women and those who are HIV-positive as well as marriage and relationship counselling.
"I normally encourage people to get tested so that they can know their status. I inform those who are HIV-positive that it is not a death sentence, there is still life afterwards. They need to take treatment and live a healthy life. I also encourage those who are not, to abstain from sex or use protection."
Motha worked at DeafSA Gauteng as a volunteer HIV/Aids project interpreter from 2010 to 2013 and would assist in other departments.
She says the major challenge in the deaf community is the lack of qualified interpreters. Realising this shortage, Motha decided to learn basic sign language at Wits University in 2004.
Because of her affection for the deaf, she now interprets for them at weddings, funerals, during court cases and at disciplinary hearings at no cost.
"I interpret what the pastor is saying when they exchange marriage vows. During funerals I interpret songs and their messages. I also go with them to hospital and to private doctors for consultations because the doctors cannot sign," Motha says.
"The deaf people are supposed to pay me but they don't. I don't worry about that because it's a calling to help them," she says.
This year she intervened in a sexual harassment dispute between Manganye and a colleague at her workplace in Midrand. The case was heard at the Pretoria Magistrate's Court and the court granted Manganye a protection order against the perpetrator for five years. The order prohibits him from having any physical contact with her, sexually harassing her or assaulting her in any manner.
Despite learning the basics at Wits University, Motha could not practise as an interpreter until she had completed her matric. This she did at Kwazini Adult Centre in Tembisa in June this year.
"Passing matric will help me to find a permanent job as I am freelancing and helping the NPOs (nonprofit organisations) in Tembisa."
Motha says the scandal that broke out during former president Nelson Mandela's memorial service through fake interpreter Thamsanqa Jantjie speaks of their many challenges.
"It hurts that people who are fooling others get top jobs, but I know God will reward me".
For more stories like this one, be sure to buy the Sowetan newspaper from Mondays to Fridays
After world travels, resident continues to help deaf community
Frederick News Post (subscription)-
John Madison is an American Sign Language interpreter for students at Frederick Community College.
Posted: Sunday, October 19, 2014 2:00 am
After working in education for more than 50 years, John Madison moved to Africa to further pursue his calling of helping the deaf community.
Madison, a New York native who now lives in Frederick, published the first Namibian sign language book in collaboration with a deaf artist, allowing beginning signers in the country to learn the language. “The fact that the signs in that book were Namibian signs” was significant, he said, because allowing Namibia’s deaf community to record their language was empowering.
“In some countries, American Sign Language is imposed on deaf people,” Madison said. “It’s wrong.”
After his experience in Africa, which also included a year in Malawi, Madison returned to the U.S. in 2006 and soon after moved to Frederick with his wife.
“If I was younger, I’d go back” to Africa, Madison said.
Madison, who is partially deaf, said he survived school by glancing at his fellow students’ desks ? for notes, page numbers and more. His grades would plummet the years he had a soft-spoken teacher and was often unable to hear the lessons. While most of his peers detested the teachers with loud, shrill voices, Madison said he enjoyed them because he could hear what was being said.
“We had little desks bolted to the floor,” he said, describing the school he attended as a child in the countryside of New York. “It was like ‘Little House on the Prairie,’ but not much better.”
After graduation, Madison taught all levels of education in New York, Illinois, Maryland and even Florida, where he used computers and video cameras to teach students from all over the country online at Nova Southeastern University during the mid-1990s.
“I wanted to see what it was like teaching with technology,” he said. “It was a good experience. I enjoyed it.”
Today, Madison is retired but continues to serve as an American Sign Language interpreter for local organizations and schools, including Frederick Community College and Frederick County public schools.
“I decided to do it all,” he said.
Follow Paige Jones on Twitter: @paigeleejones.
South Africa: Basic Education Department Is Neglecting Deaf LearnersAllAfrica.com-
By Sonja Boshoff
A reply to a DA parliamentary question has revealed that only 92 teachers of the total number of 1 232 teachers in Schools for the Deaf are qualified in South African Sign Language. The reply also revealed that an additional 127 teachers have received rudimentary training that covers grammatical or linguistic structures of South African Sign Language.
This shortfall cannot be accepted and I will, therefore, be requesting a meeting with the Minister of Basic Education, Angie Motshegka and the Chief Director of Inclusive Education, Dr Simelane, to discuss what interventions will be put in place to ensure that these learners are given the education they so desperately need.
Another aspect which is of concern is that of the 30 schools for the deaf, only 15 have the requisite equipment to record learner assessment activities.
This serves to highlight the neglect of children in our education system who are vulnerable. It is a clear indication that these learners are faced with serious backlogs. Not dealing with this severe backlog will only serve to compound the problem and will leave deaf children and children with hearing impairments without the necessary skills to make a living and deal with the everyday challenges faced by the deaf.
The Minister of Basic Education, Angie Motshekga, must align her department with the National Development Plan (NDP) and ensure that all South Africans have access to training and education of the highest quality. Only then will education become an important instrument to opening opportunities and the reduction of inequality.
It is vitally important that in the new financial year funds be made available to purchase the necessary equipment for these schools and that more emphasis is placed on teacher training in appropriate sign language.
Amend ballot paper for the deaf - activist
The Coordinator of the Federation of the Disabled, Shirley Keoagile, has appealed to the Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) to amend the ballot paper to include face pictures of politicians.
By MARANYANE NGWANAAMOTHO Wed 22 Oct 2014, 17:02 pm (GMT +2)
She said they had realised this after they conducted an assessment among the disabled and trained them on how to go through the voting process. Keoagile explained that the deaf depend on sight, and would need to see facial pictures of the representatives. “The deaf want to see pictures of faces because they know only a few politicians, and might also not know the parties and which of those certain individuals belong to,” she said. She added that party symbols would be confusing more especially as there are new political parties.
“It would be hard to pin point who belongs to which party. With pictures, the process would be easier as they would recognise faces and could immediately identify people,” she said. Keoagile said the IEC had recently introduced Braille for the visually impaired, which was a positive development. She however pleaded that the deaf be included. The IEC has reportedly stated that they don’t have a budget to accommodate the deaf.
“There are four forms of communication which are English, Setswana, Braille and sign language. It is not fair to leave the other out and say it is because you do not have money,” she said. She said Botswana should learn from other countries, like South Africa, which included everyone in their election communication debate. Keoagile claimed that she had suggested to Botswana Television (Btv) management to have a sign interpreter during the elections’ debates that were hosted for Members of Parliament on television.
“They however said it was expensive. I then suggested sub-titles but they didn’t do that either. This is not fair. We are part of society and have the right to not only vote but also partake in the political discourse,” she said.
She added that the television debates would have been very helpful especially to the disabled who are unable to access freedom squares to get the message for themselves.
“Old people, even the young struggle to push wheelchairs to freedom squares. They have missed out on all the information but they still have to vote which is not fair,” she said. Meanwhile, IEC has reportedly agreed for the federation to submit its own people to observe how the disabled fare at polling stations. “We want to know if our people are struggling to read, to see, to use Braille and document their whole experience,” said Keoagile. Officials from Btv and IEC were not available for comment at the time of going to print.
- See more at: http://www.mmegi.bw/index.php?aid=46852#sthash.G5mpUZoQ.dpuf
Rwanda: Deaf and Mute Girl Sits PLE, Wants to Become an Accountant
When Alice Mugwaneza started primary education at the age of seven, she was overwhelmed with joy and was optimistic about the future.
But her excitement was short-lived as her teachers said they could not help her owing to her hearing loss and muteness.
Mugwaneza was, therefore, compelled to sit at home for some years since there was no other school in her area that could admit her.
But she never lost hope and continued to look around for an alternative school.
A few months later, Mugwaneza got an opportunity to join Wisdom Nursery and Primary School and is now sitting her Primary Leaving Examinations (PLE) that started on Tuesday.
A total of 165,284 candidates are sitting for this year's Primary Leaving Examinations from various examination centres across the country.
Candidates started with Social Studies and Mathematics. Yesterday, they sat for Science and Elementary Technology and the exams are expected to end today with English.
Life at school
At Gashangiro II in Musanze District, Mugwaneza sits calmly in the examination hall and smiles as she puts the last full stop on her Mathematics script.
Much as she can't speak to me, she writes on my note book to share her impression about the exams.
"The exam was simple. I am now preparing for the next paper," Mugwaneza says before her interpreter, Jacqueline Mukandayisenga, joins us.
Mugwaneza, the last born in a family of three, explains that her hearing and speech limitations do not hinder her concentration in class.
She says she mainly focuses on the blackboard, the teacher's lips and signs used to explain a concept. And she has never repeated any class.
"My parents want me to do tailoring but my dream is to become an accountant," Mugwaneza says.
She appeals to the community not to discriminate against people with disabilities but rather to accord them all support so they can access education and health care.
"If I succeed, I will help as many deaf people or people with disabilities as possible so that they can be independent," Mugwaneza says.
Unlike her disabled friends who are stigmatised in other schools, Mugwaneza says her school is different as she socialises with other students freely.
Mugwaneza's parents say she is courageous and well behaved.
"She first studied in Kigali but we transfered her to a school in Kisoro District, Uganda after failing to find a place in the boarding section," says Beatha Nyiramutuzo, her mother.
"Although she had passed Primary Seven exams in Uganda, maintaining her there became expensive. She came back to Rwanda and was asked to go back to Primary Four at Wisdom Nursery and Primary School two years ago so she can better adjust to the new environment," Nyiramutuzo adds.
What teachers say
Mukandayisenga says despite Mugwaneza hearing and speech limitations, she beats most of her 'normal' classmates.
Elie Nduwayesu, the founder of Wisdom Nursery and Primary school, says deaf learners study alone for four years while acquiring technical and vocational skills before they join 'normal' students.
He, however, says they still face some kind of discrimination in school and the community as a whole.
Address abuse of common fund allocation to persons with disability
The President of the Ghana Federation of the Disabled (GFD), Mr Yaw Ofori Debrah, has condemned the abuse of the 2% of the District Assembly Common Fund (DACF) that is meant for Persons with Disabilities (PWDs).
Mr Debrah, was speaking at a press conference held by the Media Foundation for West Africa (MFWA) under the theme, ‘Promoting the rights of the marginalised: A case of the abuse of the Common Fund Allocation to Persons with Disability.’
Challenges the president of the Federation pointed out included the withholding of information about the funds to the disability fund management committees, the use of the fund without the knowledge of the district PWD organisations, the reluctance of some parents and guardians to educate their disabled wards with their own money but with the funds, the non-release of the statutory funds by the government, the usurping of the use of the funds by the assemblies, and to a smaller extent, the mismanagement of the funds by some members of PWD organisations.
The president also used the occasion to express his gratitude to the MFWA and to the media for supporting their cause.
He also gave examples of some of the benefits PWDs have obtained from the fund, including business and education financing.
He observed that apart from South Africa, Ghana was the only other African country he knew with a specific funding policy for PWDs.
He also used the occasion to explain the hardships that PWDs endure.
He said that many of them had had to result to begging since they had no other source of income or support.
They have also been largely excluded from matters of policy.
He concluded by calling on government to co-operate with GFD to monitor the disbursement of the funds.
Mr Sulemana Braimah, Executive Director of the MFWA, expressed his shock that funds as little as 2% of the DACF were not being regularly made available to PWDs.
He called for all stakeholders to do their best to ensure the regular disbursements of these funds.
Deaf association pleads for help
THE Namibian National Association of the Deaf has once again raised public awareness of the many challenges it faces, among them academic financial assistance for hearing impaired learners.
There are currently about 27 000 deaf people in Namibia.
NNAD executive national chairperson Paul Nanyeni said with the support of founding President Sam Nujoma the association will be hosting a fund-raising gala dinner to raise funds for the association. The University of Namibia's Foundation will also join hands.
Nanyeni said his organisation wishes to advance the training of sign language interpreters in Namibia, and to develop sign language dictionaries for use in schools for the deaf.
He said NNAD also plans to hold workshops for the deaf community on HIV-AIDS and other diseases. “We need to facilitate advocacy workshops in line with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities,” Nanyeni said.
NNAD was established in 1991 and is officially registered with the Ministry of Health and Social Services as a welfare organisation, and is the sole representative of hearing impaired persons in Namibia.
The gala dinner will be held on 6 November 2014 at the Windhoek Country Club and Casino, and a braai on 8 November at the Zoo Park.
Nanyeni requested interested individuals and companies to book a table valued at N$10 000 to support the initiative.
Deaf football team cry for help
The national deaf football team has appealed to corporate entities and the government to help facilitate their second participation in the upcoming West Africa Deaf Football tournament slated for the Keque Stadium in Lome, Togo, from November 3 to 9.
The team’s parent body, the Ghana Paralympic Committee (GPC), which made the appeal, stated that many attempts to solicit support from some corporate agencies had proved futile, hence resorting to the state to step in.
“We are still canvassing for financial support to make the trip to Lome through corporate agencies but it has yielded no results, so we are on our knees appealing for support from well-wishers and corporate agencies to come to our aid”, Ignatius Elletey, Secretary General of the GPC said.
Team coach, Winfred Chartey Annan, told the Daily Graphic last Friday that the players were in high spirits and are prepared for the tournament but lack of funds was hampering their efforts.
“I am appealing to all stakeholders in football and the government to support us for this trip and ensure we travel to Togo for this all- important tournament for these physically challenged athletes,” he stated.
The deaf squad last won silver at the third edition of the tournament in Benin last year and hope to go for the gold in Togo if funds are released for their participation.
The team is due to begin a non-residential camping on October 27 in preparation for the eight-nation tournament.
The participating teams are Republic of Benin, Gambia, Ghana, Niger, Mali, Nigeria, Burkina Faso and Togo.
企画者 森 壮也（開発研究センター 主任調査研究員）
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