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おかねおくれ


作成:斉藤龍一郎
 *(特活)アフリカ日本協議会事務局長

アフリカ日本協議会(AJF)2013
HIV/AIDS 2013
グローバル・エイズ・アップデイト
Gender in Africa
アフリカの子ども
アフリカ障害者の10年
アフリカ開発会議(TICAD)
気候変動とアフリカ
アフリカと中国
アフリカとスポーツ
アフリカの食料・農業問題
アフリカの石油、資源
アフリカの保健・医療
アフリカのICT
ケニア共和国 Republic of Kenya 大統領選挙と騒乱
ソマリア海賊対策と自衛隊派遣問題
アルジェリア民主人民共和国アンゴラ共和国ウガンダ共和国エジプト・アラブ共和国エチオピア連邦民主共和国エリトリア国ガーナ共和国カーボヴェルデ共和国ガボン共和国カメルーン共和国ガンビア共和国ギニア共和国ギニアビサウ共和国ケニア共和国コートジボワール共和国コモロ連合コンゴ共和国コンゴ民主共和国サハラ・アラブ民主共和国サントメ・プリンシペ民主共和国ザンビア共和国シエラレオネ共和国ジンバブエ共和国スーダン共和国スペイン領カナリア諸島スワジランド王国セーシェル共和国赤道ギニア共和国セネガル共和国ソマリア民主共和国タンザニア連合共和国チャド共和国チュニジア共和国中央アフリカ共和国トーゴ共和国ナイジェリア連邦共和国ナミビア共和国ニジェール共和国ブルキナファソブルンジ共和国ベナン共和国ボツワナ共和国マダガスカル共和国マラウイ共和国マリ共和国南アフリカ共和国南スーダン共和国モーリシャス共和国モーリタニア・イスラム共和国モザンビーク共和国モルディブ共和国モロッコ王国リビア(旧 大リビア・アラブ社会主義人民ジャマーヒリーヤ国)リベリア共和国ルワンダ共和国レソト王国
※外務省ウェブサイトを基に、国名を表記しています。

○2007年までのニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 〜2007年
○2008年1月〜3月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2008年 1
○2008年4月〜6月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2008年 2
○2008年7月〜9月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2008年 3
○2008年10月〜12月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2008年 4
○2009年1月〜6月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2009年1月〜6月
○2009年7月〜9月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2009年7月〜9月
○2009年10月〜12月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2009年10月〜12月
○2010年1月〜3月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2010年1月〜3月
○2010年4月〜6月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2010年4月〜6月
○2010年7月〜9月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2010年7月〜9月
○2010年10月〜12月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2010年10月〜12月
○2011年1月〜3月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2011年1月〜3月
○2011年4月〜6月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2011年4月〜6月
○2011年7月〜9月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2011年7月〜9月
○2011年10月〜12月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2011年10月〜12月
○2012年1月〜3月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2012年1月〜3月
○2012年4月〜6月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2012年4月〜6月
○2012年7月〜9月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2012年7月〜9月
○2012年10月〜12月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2012年10月〜12月
○2013年1月〜3月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2013年1月〜3月
○2013年4月〜6月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2013年4月〜6月
○2013年7月〜9月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2013年7月〜9月
○2013年10月〜12月のニュース・情報  アフリカ障害者の10年 2013年10月〜12月

* 主としてアジア経済研究所の「障害と開発」メーリングリストで紹介された記事を収録しています。
  「障害と開発」メーリングリストについては、次のページをご覧下さい。
  アジア経済研究所 森壮也
◆2014/01/02 Libya Herald First disabled school opens in Zuwara
◆2014/01/02 AllAfrica.com Nigeria: Society Advocates Policy Inclusion of Impaired Persons
◆2014/01/05 AllAfrica.com Eritrean National Association of War Disabled Veterans Provide Assistance for 140 Members
◆2014/01/06 AfricanBrains Focus on Disability: Enabling full participation in science
◆2014/01/06 Citizens Voice African disability foundation to hold screening
◆2014/01/06 AllAfrica.com Kenya: Kakamega Disabled Get Crutches From World Bank
◆2014/01/06 Capital FM Kenya: Disabled Persons Threaten Court Action Over Parastatal Job
◆2014/01/16 News24 No disability policy - Nzimande
◆2014/01/17 Sowetan No policy on disability: Nzimande
◆2014/01/17 eNCA Nzimande: No education policy for disabled kids
◆2014/01/20 iAfrica.com Disabled toddler killed in CT blaze
◆2014/01/22 spyghana.com Mampong-Akuapem Deaf School Supported With Computers
◆2014/01/22 Ghafla!Kenya Disability Is Not Inability And This Is Proof!
◆2014/01/22 Nigerian Observer Deaf Group Urges Members To Overcome Challenges
◆2014/01/25 AllAfrica.com Kenya: Clinic for the Deaf Launched
◆2014/01/28 AllAfrica.com Ghana: Don't Neglect People With Intellectual Disability
◆2014/01/28 AllAfrica.com Kenya: Swaminarayan Gadi Temple Donates to Blind, Deaf Societies
◆2014/01/28 AllAfrica.com South Africa: Disability Conference to Map Out Plan for Jobs
◆2014/01/29 AllAfrica.com Gambia: Disability Digest
◆2014/01/30 AllAfrica.com Kenya: Kisii to Form Database of the Disabled
◆2014/02/03 Sierra Express Media Salone National Association for the Deaf pays courtesy call on SLRTA boss
◆2014/02/04 The Zimbabwe Mail Chamisa blasts website on fabrication about Mangoma disability slur
◆2014/02/04 SW Radio Africa Mwenezi DA convicted for assaulting handicapped farmer
◆2014/02/04 New Vision HIV survey among the deaf commences in Kampala
◆2014/02/04 AllAfrica.com Sierra Leone: Ahead of African Deaf Nations Cup in Abidjan
◆2014/02/07 GhanaWeb Sekondi School for the Deaf needs accommodation

【参考website】
■Child-friendly text of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Word/PDF)
http://www.unicef.org/voy/takeaction/takeaction_cfc_questionnaire.php
■International Rehabilitation Review, December 2007 - Vol. 56, No. 1, SPECIAL EDITION
(PDF)http://www.unicef.org/voy/takeaction/takeaction_cfc_questionnaire.php
(Word)http://www.riglobal.org/publications/RI_Review_2007_Dec_WORDversion.doc
■CBRトレーニングコースの情報
http://www.enablement.nl/(概要)
http://www.enablement.nl/pdf/newsletter6.pdf(コース関連や詳しい情報)
■アジア太平洋/中東/アフリカ地域における障害関連の資料(小説、論文等)のリスト
www.independentliving.org/docs7/miles200807.html(html)
www.independentliving.org/docs7/miles200807.pdf(pdf)
This annotated bibliography lists a selection of 130 novels, short stories, biographies, autobiographies, materials from philosophy, anthropology and folklore, and literary criticism, in which disability, deafness or mental disorders play some significant part, from East Asia, South Asia, the Middle East and Africa, available mostly in English or French.
■WHOから途上国の車椅子ユーザーのための新ガイドライン
http://www.who.int/disabilities/publications/technology/wheelchairguidelines/en/index.html
■世界ろうあ連盟の途上国を中心としたろう者の人権状況の世界的調査報告
http://www.wfdeaf.org/projects.html
■座談会「視覚障害者が高等教育機関で学ぶ スーダンと日本の経験を語る」(2007年8月9日)
http://www.arsvi.com/2000/070809.htm
■座談会「大学における視覚障害者支援の現状と課題 スーダンで今求められていること」(2008年6月21日)
http://www.arsvi.com/2000/080621.htm
■立命館大学生存学研究センター報告12「視覚障害学生支援技法 増補改訂版」
http://www.arsvi.com/b2010/1003as.htm
■GPDD(グローバル・パートナーシップ・フォー・ディスアビリティ・アンド・デヴェロップメント)
http://www.gpdd-online.org/
『障害と開発』分野の国際的なネットワークのウェブ・ページです。

【Related Sites】
○スーダン障害者教育支援の会 http://capeds.org
【参考図書】
○アフリカNOW 78号 特集:アフリカ障害者の10年〜アフリカの障害者の取り組みは今
2007年10月20日発行 一部500円(送料実費) 必要な方はAJF事務局こちらへ
内容
  • 座談会:視覚障害者が高等教育で学ぶ〜スーダンと日本の経験を語る
    モハマド・オマル・アブディン、青木慎太朗、星加良司、福地健太郎
  • 視覚障害者の情報保障の技術と課題 斉藤龍一郎
  • 後紛争国ルワンダにおける障害者の現状 曽田夏記
  • アフリカ障害者の10年 African decade of persons with disabilities 中西由紀子
  • 日本から「アフリカ障害者の10年」を支援する 宮本泰輔
  • アフリカの現場から〜ルワンダ On the spot in Africa / Rwanda 加藤悦子
  • 『見る・つくる・知る おしゃれなアフリカ』シリーズを完成して 白鳥くるみ
  • 書評:”Witness to AIDS” Book Review: “Witness to AIDS” 米良彰子
○アフリカNOW第83号 特集 アフリカにおける民主化の課題
「アフリカにおける民主化の課題」を特集したアフリカNOW第83号を発刊しました。

特集の内容は以下の通りです。
* アフリカにおける平和の定着と民主化の課題  武内進一
* ケニア:2007年選挙後暴力を裁く特別法廷の設置  永岡宏昌
* 【資料】ケニア選挙後暴力究明委員会報告(要旨)

「アフリカの現場から」では、ガーナでエイズ対策隊員としてろう学校でのエイ
ズ教育に取り組み、障害者の社会参加に関わる活動をしてきたAJF会員がレポー
トしています。

アフリカの現場から−ガーナにおける障害者の社会参加促進活動  南口美佳

また、アフリカを伝える新しい取り組みの紹介もあります。
* 「POP AFRICA アフリカの今にのる?!」参加して考えたこと  茂住衛
* 【映画紹介】エンタングル・イン・トーキョー パート1:罪の報酬  川田薫

○アフリカNOW第85号 特集 在日アフリカ人・コミュニティと共に生きる
2009年7月31日発行
頒価500円(+送料) 必要な方はAJF事務局(info@ajf.gr.jp)に連絡下さい

目次
特集1 在日アフリカ人・コミュニティと共に生きる
小島美佐さんに聞く 在日アフリカ人ファミリーとして誇りを持って生きてい
くために
報告:アフリカンキッズクラブのこれまでの実施イベント
在日アフリカ人コミュニティへのHIV/AIDS予防啓発活動に取り組んで 川田薫
特集2 アフリカの障害者と障害者運動の現状
The situation of disabled people in Zimbabwe by Alexander M. Phiri
翻訳:ジンバブエにおける障害者の現状/アレクサンダー・ピリさん紹介
The situation of youth with disabilities in Uganda by Aggrey Olweny
翻訳:ウガンダにおける障害を持つ若者の状況/アグレイ・オルウェニさん紹介
アフリカの現場から:ガーナ 小中学校における性教育とエイズ予防啓発 宮本
佐知子
書評:小倉充夫著「南部アフリカ社会の百年」 近藤帝
ひとつの結び目として・活動日誌 AJF事務局

○障害と開発 途上国の障害当事者と社会
森壮也編 アジア経済研究所

上記の本は、下記の研究会の報告書である。
http://www.ide.go.jp/Japanese/Research/Project/2006/429.html

本の巻末にテキスト・データの引換券が付いており、視覚障害者等のためのテキスト・データの提供もしている。

○『アジア経済 Vol.49, No.2』 「貧困のミクロ経済分析−貧困の罠を用いた文献理解」
伊藤成朗 ¥1,050 B5判 平均104頁 2008年2月

障害についても若干の言及がある他、エンタイトルメント不足を貧困の原因ととらえる視点から、
その解決策を経済学的に模索する論文です。

インターネットでは以下の箇所から注文できます。
http://www.ide.go.jp/Japanese/Publish/Ajia/

○アジア経済研究所叢書4 貧困削減戦略再考
- - 生計向上アプローチの可能性 - -

山形辰史編 ¥4,620円(本体 4,400円 + 税5%) A5判 280頁 2008年3月27日 [amazon]

この本の元になった研究会は、以下のものです。
http://www.ide.go.jp/Japanese/Research/Project/2006/421.html

インターネットでは以下の箇所からも注文できます。
http://www.iwanami.co.jp/.BOOKS/00/6/0099730.html
http://www.7andy.jp/books/detail?accd=32042401
http://item.rakuten.co.jp/book/5543197/

アフリカと政治 紛争と貧困とジェンダー 改訂版
戸田真紀子著 お著の水書房 2,400円+税 2013年9月 [amazon]


天理大学の戸田さんが、新著「アフリカと政治 紛争と貧困とジェンダー」を送ってくれました。
「わたしたちがアフリカを学ぶ理由」とのサブ・タイトルも付された本は、内容がもりだくさんで、論じられている事象や地域についてなじみがない人にはちょっととっつきにくいかなと感じました。
ケニアの女性が立ち上げて運営するママ・ハニ孤児院を紹介する終章「立ち上がる草の根の人々とその声」、次いであやうく「姦通罪」への処罰としての石打ち刑で殺されるところであったアミナ・ラワルさんが直面したナイジェリアの政治情勢を分析する第7章「女性だけが背負う重荷」と読み進め、そこで論じられている問題を読み解くために他の章を読むという読み方がありそうだなと思いました。

序章 アフリカを勉強する10の理由
第1部 アフリカの「民族紛争」の神話と現実
 第1章 アフリカの「民族」とは何か
 第2章 アフリカの民族紛争の「神話」
 第3章 突出する紛争犠牲者
 第4章 選挙民主主義が紛争を生み出す矛盾
 第5章 ナイジェリアの宗教紛争
第2部 ジェンダーから見るアフリカ
 第6章 アフリカの女性と「人間の安全保障」
 第7章 女性だけが背負う重荷
終章 立ち上がる草の根の人々とその声

序章のコラム、アフリカ援助に要する資金が全世界の軍事費の20分の1にすぎないことを紹介する註、そして債務問題がアフリカの子どもたちから未来を奪っていることを告発する記述で、参照されているスティーブン・ルイスの著作もぜひ一読してください。

Race Against Time: Searching for Hope in AIDS-Ravaged Africa
http://www.amazon.co.jp/exec/obidos/ASIN/0887847536/ryospage03-22

○立命館大学生存学研究センター報告6「視覚障害学生支援技法」
2007年8月の東大先端研で、2008年6月に立命館大学でスーダン人の視覚障害学生を
交えて行った座談会をもとに、僕(斉藤龍一郎さん)が書いた「スーダンと日本、障害当事者による
支援の可能性」も収録されています。

目次、入手方法が以下にあります。
送料実費で頒布しているものですので、一読して活用していただけるとうれしい
です。
 
http://www.arsvi.com/b2000/0902as.htm

また、上記座談会記録を収録した資料集「スーダンにおける視覚障害者の現状と
支援のための取り組み」を一部1000円で販売しています。こちらは、AJF事務局
に連絡下さい。

○アフリカのいまを知ろう
山田肖子編著 岩波書店 ジュニア新書 245p 2008年3月

○アフリカのろう者と手話の歴史 - A・J・フォスターの「王国」を訪ねて
亀井伸孝著 明石書店 A5判 254p 2006年12月

○亀井伸孝(2009)「第5章 言語と身体の違いを超えて関係を構築する−アフリカ のろう者コミュニティにて−」
箕浦康子編著『フィールドワークの技法と実際II 分析・解釈編』ミネルヴァ書房所収

○亀井伸孝(2009)「第17章 アメリカ手話とフランス語の接触が生んだ手話言語−フランス語圏西・中部アフリカ−」
梶茂樹・砂野幸稔編著『アフリカのことばと社会 多言語状況を生きると言うこと』三元社所収

○手話の世界を訪ねよう
亀井伸孝著  岩波書店 2009年6月19日  日本語  819円 (税込み)  新書判/縦組/240ページ ISBN978-4-00-500630-4 C0236
詳細はこちら 
http://kamei.aacore.jp/iwanami2009-j.html

○「理解と進歩のためのアフリカ言語学: 第6回世界アフリカ言語学会議(WOCAL 6)参加報告」
 『アフリカ研究』(日本アフリカ学会): 45-47.

亀井伸孝・米田信子著 2009



>TOP

First disabled school opens in Zuwara

Libya Herald
By Taziz Hasairi.

Children at the new school in Zuwara

Children at the new Najmi ALgandouz School in Zuwara

Tripoli, 2 January 2014:

The first school in Zuwara to cater to children with disabilities has opened.

The Najmi Algandouz School, named after a local social activist involved in helping disabled children and who died not long ago, started its first classes last Monday. It is being run by a charity organisation of the same name.

Many of the 27 children attending the school, which is being funded by the Ministry of Education, are suffering from autism or have psychological disorders. All are locals, except for two Iraqi children. The age range is from 5 years to 12 years when they are expected to move on to local normal schools.

The biggest issue is helping children with psychological problems or with autism, according to the founder of the “Intissar Anaal” charity, is that many parents of such children are in denial. Others have been sending their children to private schools in Tripoli.

The eight teachers at the school were given specialist training in Janzour for a year. Most majored in psychology or sociology.

The school building is rented by the Ministry of Education. Daily classes include pronunciation, social integration and competency.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.libyaherald.com/2014/01/02/first-disabled-school-opens-in-zuwara/




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Nigeria: Society Advocates Policy Inclusion of Impaired Persons

AllAfrica.com
BY BLESSING ABAH, 2 JANUARY 2014

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The Disability Policy and Advocacy Initiative (DPAI) in partnership with the Nigerian Association of the Blind (NAB), has advocated the inclusion of blind persons in HIV/AIDs intervention programmes in order to promote access of persons with disabilities to health services and mainstreaming disabilities in all policies.

Speaking during the sensitisation of blind adolescent youths and disabled persons on HIV/AIDs policy, DPAI Coordinator, Mr. Ejiro Okotie noted that discrimination and stigmatisation have hindered visibly impaired and other persons with disabilities to unequal access to information and policy making on HIV/AIDs programme.

Okotie said the HIV pandemic has been a major setback to human civilisation and persons with disability were not carried along. "People with disability are 22.5 million and visually impaired are 15% population of the country and valuable information are not addresed to these groups. Sexual abuse and rape in disability makes them more vulnerable to the disease," he said.

According to EJiro, "Disability causes some kinds of hard poverty on us and has slowed down many policies especially in education. In order to have an all encompassing success in our fight against HIV free generation, we must stop stigmatisation of the disabled".

A representative of the Africa Union of the Blind (AUB) Nairobi, Mr. Julius Kamiya said that the reason why they have come together is to encourage each other that the loss of sight is not the end of the world.

"They should be included in all development sectors both in government and private ownership and this development is cutting across proper information on HIV/AIDs services. Blind and disabled persons should not be absent. What the visible can do, the visibly impaired person can do even much better," he said.

Also speaking on mainstreaming disabilities in all policies, Mr. Ella Akinola of Heroes Media, who spoke on mainstreaming disability issues in media reportage on HIV/AIDs and reproductive health issues, said that the problem confronting the disabled is a big challenge and as such, adequate awareness is needed.

A member of the Civil Society Organisation (CSO), Ifesinachi Sam-Emuwa said inclusion of persons with disability on HIV/AIDs and reproductive health intervention information is critically important in all national initiatives to combat the pandemic and improve health. Sam-Emuwa added that "people with disability should be aware of cultural practices that expose them to sexual abuse and the risk of contacting this disease".

While addressing guests at the event on mainstreaming disability issues, Dr. Dan Onwujekwu of the Nigerian Institute of Medical Research (NIMR) said if disabilities were not included in HIV/AIDs policy, the country coud not get to zero prevalence level. "We need just to make sure infrastructure are built and also a home-based care, especially for disabled persons are in place," he noted.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201401020326.html




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Eritrean National Association of War Disabled Veterans Provide Assistance for 140 Members

AllAfrica.com-
5 JANUARY 2014

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Mendefera - The Eritrean National Association of War Disabled Veterans provided assistance worth over 1.4 million Nakfa for 140 of its members.

Mr. Tesfaldet Mengistu, Head of the Association in the region, indicated that the assistance provided for the members is the continuation of similar endeavors to enable war disabled veterans become self-supporting citizens.

He also explained that training programs have been conducted for the beneficiaries on diary farming, and called for turning the opportunity they have been provided for their advantage.

Mr. Tesfaldet further reiterated that 31 water pumps, 24 bee hives and 10 washing machines have been provided for members engaged in vegetable and bee farming.

The women beneficiaries from the program indicated that they have been engaged in diary farms for it does not ask heavy investment and could bring result in a short period of time, and the training they have been provided has helped them in their activities.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201401060076.html




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Focus on Disability: Enabling full participation in science

AfricanBrains
Posted by SciDev.Net

By Sue Coe - SciDev.Net

Today is the International Day of Persons with Disabilities. It’s a day of celebration and challenge for the world to consider issues concerning its citizens with impairments. This year’s theme is ‘Break Barriers, Open Doors ? for an inclusive society and development for all’.

A recent SciDev.Net news story reported plans to mentor women in developing countries to increase their participation in science and technology work by providing more funding for qualifications, fellowships and travel to relevant conferences. If science and technology organisations - all the way from schools and universities to workplaces - adopted a similar approach (with government support) to increase the participation of disabled people of all impairment groups too, it would be highly beneficial. Not only for disabled people themselves but also because of the diverse knowledge and life experience they would bring to improve the quality of science and technology outputs, such as research findings and technological solutions.

The article outlined a number of factors inhibiting women from progressing in a science career. Disabled people face multiple barriers too.

Education opportunities are largely denied to them ? shockingly only two per cent of disabled children are estimated to attend school in developing countries. [1] This is largely due to multiple layers of discrimination and stigma; from school authorities, teachers, parents of non-disabled children and sometimes parents of disabled children seeking to protect them from abuse in school environments. [2]

Inadequate buildings where research takes place and the ways scientists communicate are other barriers. Steps and small toilet cubicles exclude people in wheelchairs. Science labs could easily be designed to be fully accessible to physically impaired people. Written and visual briefings present challenges to those with sensory impairments. Technical, jargon-ridden language excludes people with intellectual impairments.

A further barrier is organisational policies preventing disabled people securing science-based jobs. For example, many job descriptions require candidates to be “physically fit and able” - often interpreted by recruiters to exclude disabled people.

The gender issues mentioned in SciDev.Net’s report also apply to disabled women, who face the double barriers of disability and gender. I have met many young, disabled women in Africa and Asia who aspire to become scientists but feel they have no prospects or hope of working in the field.

Mentorship programmes could help tackle some of these problems. For example, they could help promote science-focused education for disabled people and, importantly, challenge discriminatory attitudes in the science and technology sector towards them.

Today’s event has extra significance in 2013 due to the landmark commitments made at the historic UN High Level Meeting on Disability and Development on 23 September. State parties were urged to implement disability-inclusive national development strategies in their ‘post-2015’ agenda work. [3] Including mentoring programmes for disabled people to increase their participation in science and technology work would be a valuable part of that.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://africanbrains.net/2014/01/03/focus-disability-enabling-full-participation-science/




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African disability foundation to hold screening

Citizens Voice
Published: January 6, 2014
ARTICLE TOOLS

Photo: N/A, License: N/A, Created: 2012:07:07 10:49:42

Courtesy of Jerry Cebulski African Disability Foundation Sister Sponsa Beltran, OSF, a native of Wilkes-Barre and Misericordia graduate, has spent nearly 40 years taking care of the poor and the handicapped in Liberia.

The Jerry Cebulski African Disability Foundation (JCADF) is presenting the film "The Triumph" at 2 p.m. Saturday at R/C Movies 14, 24 E. Northampton St., Wilkes-Barre. The film is about a young addict named Ben, who receives many blessings in his life following a pilgrimage to Medjugorje.

JCADF provides food, clothing, education, medical care and the basic necessities of life to many disabled individuals in Liberia, West Africa. This is the continuation of the life's work and vision of Sister Sponsa Beltran OSF, a native of Wilkes-Barre and Misericordia graduate, who spent almost 40 years of her life caring for the poor and handicapped of Liberia. All proceeds from ticket sales will go toward the continuation of JCADF's work in Liberia.

Tickets are $15 for adults and $12.50 for seniors. For information, contact Eileen Rockensies, JCADF president, at 570-675-3397 or erockensies@epix.net. For more on JCADF, visit www.africandisabilityfoundation.org.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://citizensvoice.com/news/african-disability-foundation-to-hold-screening-1.1612085




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Kenya: Kakamega Disabled Get Crutches From World Bank

AllAfrica.com-
BY SHABAN MAKOKHA, 6 JANUARY 2014

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The World Bank has partnered with the government to donate devices to persons living with disability in Kakamega county. Through the Western Kenya Community Driven Development and Flood Mitigation Programme, the bank gave out 12 pieces of elbow crutches, six crutches, eight wheelchairs and four tricycles to members of Lubinu Differently Abled Group in Mumias East.

Speaking during the event at Shibinga on Saturday, the programme's Butere-Mumias branch director David Olang' said they will continue to assist people with disability.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201401061179.html




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Kenya: Disabled Persons Threaten Court Action Over Parastatal Job

Capital FM-
BY JEMIMAH WANGUI, 6 JANUARY 2014

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Nairobi - The Association of the Physically Disabled Persons of Kenya has called on President Uhuru Kenyatta to revoke the appointment of Alex Chemtai as the new chairman of the Kenya Medical Laboratory Technicians and Technologists Board.

The association's chairman Churchill Owano explained that the appointment should be revoked because the current chairman Abel Onyango's term has not expired.

"The replacement of one of our members as chairman of the KMLTTB is both insensitive, discriminatory and does not conform to the provisions of the Bill of Rights in the Constitution."

"Onyango was legally and duly appointed as chairman in September 2012 for a three year term that is expected to end in September 2015."

"The purported replacement of the chair with Alex Chemtai did not comply with the rights and interests of disabled persons," observed Owano.

Addressing a press conference on Monday, the chairman added that they will move to court if the appointment is not revoked.

The association further urged the President to consider more of their members in future appointments to ensure they are well represented across the government sectors as stipulated by the Constitution.

"Article 54 of the Constitution elaborates that the State shall ensure that at least five percent of the public in elective and appointive bodies are persons with disabilities."

"With his replacement, the State disregards the rule of law and demeans persons with disability contrary to provisions of the constitution," he added.

The President's appointment of 26 Parastatal heads has sparked major controversy with many accusing him of sidelining the youth.

The National Youth Council last Monday urged President Kenyatta to revoke the appointments.

The council argued that majority of those appointed do not represent the youthful majority in the country, arguing that most of them are political losers and recycled retirees.

The council chairman Clement Ayungo said Kenyatta and his deputy were going against their own manifesto which propelled them to power.

"The Cabinet has no single youth, there's no single youth holding Permanent Secretary position and now the parastatal heads are being appointed in total exclusion of the youth," he complained.

The council officials said unless the new appointments are revoked, the youth stands to lose because and are likely to lose hope of getting jobs under the new government.

The Deputy President has since defended the appointments, insisting that all factors, including regional balance were considered.

"We urge the President to implement to the letter the Jubilee Manifesto on the basis of which the youth elected them to office,"

Most notable on the list of appointments is the former Head of the Civil Service Francis Muthaura who has been named the LAPPSET Corridor Development Authority Chairman who's appointment stirred controversy.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201401062336.html




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No disability policy - Nzimande

2014-01-16 23:03

Blade Nzimande (File, Beeld)
Blade Nzimande (File, Beeld)
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Johannesburg - There is no national policy on disability to guide education and training institutions in the post-school domain, Higher Education Minister Blade Nzimande said on Thursday.

"The management of disability in post-school education remains fragmented and separate to that of existing transformation and diversity programmes at the institutional level. Individual institutions determine unique ways in which to address disability, and resourcing is allocated within each institution according to their programme."

Nzimande was speaking in Pretoria at the launch of the white paper on post-school education and training.

He said levels of commitment toward people with disability varied considerably between institutions, as did the resources allocated to addressing disability issues.

"Technical and Vocational Education and Training [TVET] colleges [formerly FET colleges] in particular lack the capacity, or even the policies, to cater for students and staff with disabilities."

Nzimande said data from 22 of the 23 public universities showed that 5807 students with disabilities were enrolled in higher education institutions in 2011, accounting for only one percent of the total enrolment.

"The low numbers of people with disabilities in universities and colleges is despite the fact that bursary funding for learners with disabilities is available."

A bursary scheme was introduced in 2008 to complement department of labour funding provided through the national skills fund (NSF).

"The Department of Higher Education and Training's disability funding was, however, under-utilised in 2010 and 2011, at levels of only 47% and 55% respectively of available funding. "

Nzimande said the low uptake of bursaries was a matter of serious concern, given the continued inequities in access.

Universal access

"It is most likely related to the fact that many learners with disabilities do not qualify for university education, but research is required to fully understand this problem."

The department made available an amount of R130m, with universities providing an additional R52m, towards ensuring universal physical access to university infrastructure and facilities.

"Allocation to each university was based on whether addressing disability was a priority and whether capacity existed. In TVET colleges, there is still no ring-fenced funding to improve the accessibility of buildings, although the norms and standards for funding these colleges do provide for additional funding for learners with special needs."

Greater attention would be given to ensuring that the colleges improve their capacity to accommodate and serve students with disabilities.

"A strategic policy framework is necessary to guide the improvement of access to and success in post-school education and training [including in private institutions] for people with disabilities."

He said the framework would create an enabling and empowering environment across the system.

"The framework will set norms and standards for the integration of students and staff with disabilities in all aspects of university or college life, including academic life, culture, sport and accommodation.

"Through this white paper policy framework, we will seek to integrate recognition of prior learning into the post-school education and training system."

Such recognition must not be ad hoc, but must form an integral part of the whole system, said Nzimande.

- SAPA

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/No-disability-policy-Nzimande-20140116




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No policy on disability: Nzimande

Sowetan
No policy on disability: Nzimande
2014-01-17 07:07:42.0 | SAPA |

There is no national policy on disability to guide education and training institutions in the post-school domain, Higher Education Minister Blade Nzimande said on Thursday.

"The management of disability in post-school education remains fragmented and separate to that of existing transformation and diversity programmes at the institutional level. Individual institutions determine unique ways in which to address disability, and resourcing is allocated within each institution according to their programme."

Nzimande was speaking in Pretoria at the launch of the white paper on post-school education and training.

He said levels of commitment toward people with disability varied considerably between institutions, as did the resources allocated to addressing disability issues.

"Technical and Vocational Education and Training [TVET] colleges [formerly FET colleges] in particular lack the capacity, or even the policies, to cater for students and staff with disabilities."

Nzimande said data from 22 of the 23 public universities showed that 5807 students with disabilities were enrolled in higher education institutions in 2011, accounting for only one percent of the total enrolment.

"The low numbers of people with disabilities in universities and colleges is despite the fact that bursary funding for learners with disabilities is available."

A bursary scheme was introduced in 2008 to complement department of labour funding provided through the national skills fund (NSF).

"The Department of Higher Education and Training's disability funding was, however, under-utilised in 2010 and 2011, at levels of only 47 per cent and 55 per cent respectively of available funding. "

Nzimande said the low uptake of bursaries was a matter of serious concern, given the continued inequities in access.

"It is most likely related to the fact that many learners with disabilities do not qualify for university education, but research is required to fully understand this problem."

The department made available an amount of R130 million, with universities providing an additional R52 million, towards ensuring universal physical access to university infrastructure and facilities.

"Allocation to each university was based on whether addressing disability was a priority and whether capacity existed. In TVET colleges, there is still no ring-fenced funding to improve the accessibility of buildings, although the norms and standards for funding these colleges do provide for additional funding for learners with special needs."

Greater attention would be given to ensuring that the colleges improve their capacity to accommodate and serve students with disabilities.

"A strategic policy framework is necessary to guide the improvement of access to and success in post-school education and training [including in private institutions] for people with disabilities."

He said the framework would create an enabling and empowering environment across the system.

"The framework will set norms and standards for the integration of students and staff with disabilities in all aspects of university or college life, including academic life, culture, sport and accommodation.

"Through this white paper policy framework, we will seek to integrate recognition of prior learning into the post-school education and training system."

Such recognition must not be ad hoc, but must form an integral part of the whole system, said Nzimande.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.sowetanlive.co.za/news/2014/01/17/no-policy-on-disability-nzimande




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Nzimande: No education policy for disabled kids

eNCA
South Africa Friday 17 January 2014 - 6:58am
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There is no national policy on disability to guide education and training institutions in the post-school domain, said Higher Education Minister Blade Nzimande (pictured). Picture: WERNER BEUKES

Pretoria - There is no national policy on disability to guide education and training institutions in the post-school domain, Higher Education Minister Blade Nzimande said on Thursday.

The Department of Higher Education and Training's disability funding was, however, under-utilised in 2010 and 2011, at levels of only 47 percent and 55 percent respectively of available funding.

"The management of disability in post-school education remains fragmented and separate to that of existing transformation and diversity programmes at the institutional level. Individual institutions determine unique ways in which to address disability, and resourcing is allocated within each institution according to their programme."

Nzimande was speaking in Pretoria at the launch of the white paper on post-school education and training. He said levels of commitment toward people with disability varied considerably between institutions, as did the resources allocated to addressing disability issues. "Technical and Vocational Education and Training [TVET] colleges [formerly FET colleges] in particular lack the capacity, or even the policies, to cater for students and staff with disabilities."

Nzimande said data from 22 of the 23 public universities showed that 5807 students with disabilities were enrolled in higher education institutions in 2011, accounting for only one percent of the total enrolment. "The low numbers of people with disabilities in universities and colleges is despite the fact that bursary funding for learners with disabilities is available."

A bursary scheme was introduced in 2008 to complement department of labour funding provided through the national skills fund (NSF). "The Department of Higher Education and Training's disability funding was, however, under-utilised in 2010 and 2011, at levels of only 47 percent and 55 percent respectively of available funding. " Nzimande said the low uptake of bursaries was a matter of serious concern, given the continued inequities in access. "It is most likely related to the fact that many learners with disabilities do not qualify for university education, but research is required to fully understand this problem."

The department made available an amount of R130 million, with universities providing an additional R52 million, towards ensuring universal physical access to university infrastructure and facilities. "Allocation to each university was based on whether addressing disability was a priority and whether capacity existed. In TVET colleges, there is still no ring-fenced funding to improve the accessibility of buildings, although the norms and standards for funding these colleges do provide for additional funding for learners with special needs."

Greater attention would be given to ensuring that the colleges improve their capacity to accommodate and serve students with disabilities. "A strategic policy framework is necessary to guide the improvement of access to and success in post-school education and training [including in private institutions] for people with disabilities."

He said the framework would create an enabling and empowering environment across the system. "The framework will set norms and standards for the integration of students and staff with disabilities in all aspects of university or college life, including academic life, culture, sport and accommodation. "Through this white paper policy framework, we will seek to integrate recognition of prior learning into the post-school education and training system."

Such recognition must not be ad hoc, but must form an integral part of the whole system, said Nzimande.

-Sapa

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.enca.com/south-africa/nzimande-no-education-policy-disabled-kids




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Disabled toddler killed in CT blaze

iAfrica.com
Mon, 20 Jan 2014 3:51 PM

Article By: Rahima Essop, EWN

An 18-month-old disabled boy has died in a shack fire in Grassy Park.

Seven people were left homeless in the Phumlani Village informal settlement when the blaze ripped through several shacks on Sunday night.

The City of Cape Town says the boy's mother has been arrested and is in custody at the Grassy Park Police Station.

Disaster Risk Management's Wilfred Solomons Johannes says, "The cause of the fire remains unclear. The police have opened an inquest docket."

Meanwhile, a Cape Town professor has written to the City of Cape Town asking it to find solutions to stop shack fires.

Several people have lost their lives in shack fires in the last few months.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://news.iafrica.com/sa/894463.html




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Mampong-Akuapem Deaf School Supported With Computers

spyghana.com-
By Business & Financial Times

Societe Generale Ghana has donated 20 computers to the Senior High School for the Deaf, Mampong-Akuapem

The computers are purposed to help develop the School’s Information Technology (IT) infrastructure.

The Akwapem Senior Technical School for the Deaf, founded by Rev. Jackson Foster 56 years ago, is under the supervision of the Ghana Education Service and funding of Government. This important facility, the only Senior High School that caters solely for the deaf within the country, had no Computer Lab or ICT Curriculum for the children till the bank’s timely intervention.

The Managing Director of Societe Generale Ghana, Mr. Gilbert Hie in presenting the computers to the Headmaster, Teachers and Students of the School, reiterated on the importance of developing Informational Technology in education.

Mr. Hie stated that the Bank supports the sustainable development of many less endowed educational institutions under its CSR programme, and the Mampong-Akuapem School for the Deaf will now be one of the institutions receiving its support.

The Headmaster, Mr. Nathan K. Pecku, in his response - touched by the Bank’s actions, stated that the School never dreamt of receiving computers for its ICT Programme but that the bank had changed their impression through its actions and made their dream a reality.

Mr. Pecku went on to state that the School is still facing a lot of challenges despite all the assistance it has received in recent times from Societe Generale Ghana and other institutions.

He said that the school urgently needs dormitories, classroom blocks and laboratories.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.spyghana.com/mampong-akuapem-deaf-school-supported-with-computers/




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Disability Is Not Inability And This Is Proof!

Ghafla!Kenya
Wednesday, 22 January 2014 12:07 , Written by Liatema Munyu

Disco for Youth with Special Needs is BACK!!! Yes this Saturday on 25th Jan bring your friend,sister,brother,cousin,auntie,your child!! Everyone with special needs this the ultimate party for you!! Come lets have some fun! Disability is NOT inability!!

The Sarakasi Trust, in conjunction with the Special Education Professionals, has brought back the Dance For Youth With Special Needs. Performing acts will include All Star Djs.

Entry is free and the evnt runs from 2pm to 5 pm.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.ghafla.co.ke/news/events/list/item/15158-disability-is-not-inability-and-this-is-proof




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Deaf Group Urges Members To Overcome Challenges

Nigerian Observer-1
Last Modified: 01/22/2014 09:36:21

LAGOS - MR. Okikiade Adeyemi, the National Coordinator, Deaf Supporters Group of Nigeria (DSGN), has urged people living with disability to live their normal life as every other person.

Adeyemi, who spoke in Lagos at a forum organised by DSGN for its members, said they should do away with whatever that inhibits their social life.

He urged deaf persons to maximise their talents and achieve their goals in life.

“This is an environment that is tough for people that are able-bodied. It is even tougher for the deaf.

“The deaf face a lot of challenges, especially with communication and trying to be understood.

“Against all odds, the deaf should rise and try to overcome their challenges through some of their God-given talents, Adeyemi said.

“We should live up to expectation despite all disabilities and contribute to the socio-economic and political development of our nation.

“Technology has made things easier, so, we should channel all efforts to pursue and achieve personal and corporate goals.’’

The association’s coordinator, urged members who engaged in street begging to think of other less demeaning ways of earning a living.

He also called on the government to put in place things that would help to improve communication and lives of deaf people by giving them enlightenment.

The President of DSGN, Mr. Afolabi Dahunsi, said that more could still be done by the government and individuals to reduce the challenges of the deaf in the society.

“The average deaf person in his effort to widen his gifted social skills often approaches the hearing world with trepidation.

“Unemployment is higher among the deaf. We want the Federal Government and well-meaning individuals to intervene and encourage us in schools and at work.

“Despite our hearing limitations, we need employment. Establish skills acquisition centres where we can learn hairdressing, computer, shoe- making and sewing. People should come to the aid of the group,” Dahunsi said.

He commended the efforts of people who showed care and compassion to the deaf in the society.

“We appreciate those who contribute to the welfare and development of deaf people.

“Since the inception of DSGN, there have been major changes that improved the quality of lives of many deaf people.

“Some local government chairpersons and some other individuals have engaged the services of some deaf people in their workforce and we appreciate these gestures,’’ Dahunsi said.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://nigerianobservernews.com/22012014/news/latestnews2.html#.UuBf1RCAa70




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Kenya: Clinic for the Deaf Launched

AllAfrica.com-
BY BENSON NYAGESIBA, 25 JANUARY 2014

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A Norwegian NGO has set up a Sh2 million clinic for the deaf in Kisii county.

Teigen Clinic established by Deaf Aid is situated at Gianchere School for the Deaf. The clinic will provide an environment for effective prevention, care and treatment for the deaf. Kisii Governor James Ongwae pledged to staff the facility.

Speaking during the launch yesterday, Deaf Aid Africa regional director Jean Claude Adzalla said 97 per cent of deafness is caused by preventable illnesses like malaria, measles and meningitis.

The clinic is equipped with modern diagnostic equipment and facilities and will aid in the prevention and rehabilitation of persons suffering from this disability.

Kisii is a malaria prone area.

"It costs a parent ten times more to educate a deaf child than a normal one. The goal of this project is to empower deaf children who are neglected and stigmatized in society because deafness is an invisible disability.

Previous interventions have dwelt on rehabilitation but now focus shifts to prevention of post-natal deafness," said the director

Adzalla noted that the country has only 58 Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) experts concentrated in Nairobi and a few other towns leaving rural populations at a disadvantage.

Governor Ongwae lauded the intervention by the Norwegian NGO saying Public, Private Partnerships were crucial in the quest to promote an inclusive society.

"Parents face challenges in raising children especially if they are from low socio-economic status. The challenge is even greater if the child has a disability and that is why we commend efforts to help the disadvantaged," said Ongwae.

He urged the Kisii community to shun stigma against deaf children and asked parents to take such children to special schools.

"Let's care for these children. We intend to gather data on existing institutions that cater for the disabled and children living with disability. We shall introduce a bill on persons with disability in the county assembly to effectively handle their challenges," said Ongwae.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201401260139.html




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Ghana: Don't Neglect People With Intellectual Disability

AllAfrica.com-
28 JANUARY 2014

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A cross section of health practitioners drawn from Kwabibirem and Denkyembuo districts in the Eastern Region have launched a passionate appeal to parents and families not to neglect children with Intellectual Disabilities (ID).

Intellectual disability, from a clinical perspective, involves impairments of general mental abilities which are generally recognized as an IQ below 70, that impact adaptive functioning in the conceptual area such as skills in language, reading and writing.

The social and practical area of intellectual disability has the components of empathy and social judgment and self-management in areas such as personal care respectively.

According to the health practitioners, people with ID are not contagious and are equally normal as other human beings who need care and love, despite their relatively genetically challenged condition.

They called on Ghanaians, particularly families or parents with children with ID, to seek early treatment since the condition is not spiritual but medical condition which cannot be treated at church or the premises of juju men.

According to them, often times, instead of parents seeking for early medical treatment for their children, they rather spend their time at prayer camps and premises of juju men for solution, because of superstition.

They made the observation during a three day workshop organized by Inclusion Ghana, in collaboration with Talent Search International, all Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs), on people with Intellectual Disabilities (ID) at Kade, on Tuesday.

Speaking with The Chronicle, the Executive Director for Talent Search International, and also Board chairman of Inclusion Ghana, Festus Buetey Longmatey, said the workshop would stimulate the urgency of health practitioners coming into understanding with people living with Intellectual Disability (ID).

According to him, a research conducted by Inclusion Ghana in 2013 on access to health care by people with ID revealed that, the latter face discrimination and other deeply entrenched barriers when accessing health care.

According to him, the research further shows that persons with ID are excluded from general health care, via numerous obstacles, including the interplay between cultural and social environments, physical inaccessibility and communications barriers.

The resource person at the workshop, Mrs. Nana Akua Owusu, Speech and Language Therapist, disclosed that the workshop was not only to find means for people with ID to access health, but also how best parents and families with ID children could be supported in reducing their burdens.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201401281276.html




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Kenya: Swaminarayan Gadi Temple Donates to Blind, Deaf Societies

AllAfrica.com
BY MONICAH MWANGI, 28 JANUARY 2014

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Swaminarayan Gadi Temple at Parklands in Nairobi has donated Sh500,000 to both the blind and deaf societies. The presentation held at the temple was presided over by his holiness Acharya Purshottam Priyadasji Swamishree Maharaj last weekend. The event brought together Hindus and representatives from the blind and the deaf societies. Speaking during the event, the national chairman of the Kenya Society for the Deaf Francis Ng'ang'a urged parents to join KSDC to make a mark in the lives of needy, hearing-impaired children.

The Kenya Institute for the Blind chairman Martin Kieti said plans to establish cyber cafes for visually-impaired people are underway. "This will happen this year," he said.

【付記】
上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201401280862.html

Kenya Society for the Deaf children
http://deafchildrensociety-kenya.org/




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South Africa: Disability Conference to Map Out Plan for Jobs

28 JANUARY 2014, all Africa

Pretoria - The North West Provincial Disability Rights Conference is expected to develop a clear plan that will enable the province to accelerate the revised Job-Access Plan targeting employment for people with disabilities.

The two-day conference, hosted by the North West Provincial Government through the Office on the Status of Persons with Disabilities (OSPD), will start on 30 January.

During the conference people with disabilities will be offered a platform to share their experiences with all sectors and map the way forward on how their challenges could be addressed.

Speaking ahead of the conference, North West Premier Thandi Modise said: "We are confident that delegates at this conference will emerge with a clear plan that will enable the province to accelerate implementation of the revised Job-Access Plan, which is targeting employment of over 1 200 additional people with disabilities by the provincial administration within the next seven months."

She said the conference will also endeavour to create alignment between Disability Plans and the National Development Plan (NDP) and generate a Five-Year Disability Rights Plan for the province.

The NDP acknowledges that many persons with disabilities are not able to develop to their full potential due to various barriers, resulting in them often being viewed as being unproductive and a burden.

The NDP also highlights physical, educational, communication and attitudinal barriers as challenges that need to be addressed.

The conference, which will be attended by all major provincial role players, is scheduled to be held at Mmabatho Convention Centre, Mahikeng.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201401281210.html




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Gambia: Disability Digest

AllAfrica.com

Gambia: Disability Digest
BY YAHYA MUHAMMED BAH, 29 JANUARY 2014

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OPINION

Tourism-for-all The Gambia Charter (TAG) &The Gambia Association of the Physically Disabled (GAPD) Part 1

Acquiring impairment in the natural world, at birth or adventitiously later in life can place any animal's survival at risk even at the best of times. In the social world, however, experience in managing human frailty has provided us with an amazing cornucopia of interventions that make possible the survival of those possessing the greatest physical and mental deficits. But the body of knowledge gained in progress of this advancement has been the property of a narrow assembly of practitioners and academics. In time, this has crystallised into institutional menus of good practice expected from medical staff in rehabilitation centres, occupational therapists in social services, remedial teachers in special education, and so on. In all these activities, the volume of understanding has increasingly rested on what, until recently, has been unchallenged dogma: that the possession of impairment leads to social vulnerability. This is in spite of the fact that history teaches us the opposite: that the natural vulnerability of human beings has significantly shaped development of all the machinery of modern life.

Far from being a burden, our imperfections in relation to other animals might be regarded as one of the essential characteristics that make us human. In this respect persons with disabilities are the most of human beings. The segregation of persons with disabilities from our non- disabled peers, then, is not only an inhuman event, owing more to exigencies of the natural world than to social world, but the hiatus between specialist knowledge confined to "disablement" and public knowledge concerned with "normality" is no less than the emergency of a profoundly disabling pedagogical barrier in the evolution of human understanding.

Introduction

Fundamental to any discussion of disability is the recognition that persons with disabilities are human beings like anybody, secondly they have disabilities that affect some but not necessarily all their abilities. Acknowledging the fact that words are powerful tools in communication, I have in this discussion decided to use a phrase like persons with disabilities instead of words, such as cripples, deaf and dumb, as the latter confirm the common view that persons with disabilities are different from the rest, and thus seem to lack dignity, rights and responsibilities.

People in different parts of the globe, attaches importance to different types of disabilities, simply because some are common in the area than the other, however, local beliefs also affect how people view different disabilities. In places where people'sbeliefs that fits, for example are the work of devils, thus a child with fits may be feared, teased or kept hidden. But in areas where everybody perceive fits just something that happens to certain people, a child with fits may sometimes participate fully in the daily activities of the family and society. Both of these children need help to live grow to be productive citizen. With later kind of attitude, the integration of persons with disabilities into the mainstream of the society will be easier.

Mainstreaming in this discussion refers to making persons with disabilities to feel and be part and parcel of the society, thus interacting with all other persons in all form of life activity, for example being brought up in the same family and society, getting educated in the same schools, colleges and universities as the rest, getting vocational training and employment within the same settings with the rest.

Also living in the same localities (villages, towns, cities, etc) with others, and equally enjoying the social facilities and services with the rest. In a nut shell, that is, to live together in the same communities and participate in all activities on equal basis from childhood to old age. Disability

The term disability is viewed and defined in different number of ways, by scholars of different orientations. Because it is essential for anyone who works with or for the persons with disabilities to understand the history of disabilities, I would like to spend some time in this part of the discussion.

Ndaka M.A. (1991) defined persons with disabilities as those whose prospects for obtaining and developing in a meaningful employment greatly reduced due to physical and/or psychological impairment.

Weisman A. (1974) observed that the meaning of being disabled includes the recognition that organs and body parts are no longer conspicuous compliant instruments that carry out their owners intentions. International Labor Organization (ILO) 1993, defined disability as loss of functions, because of a damaged to the body or mind through disease or injury.

During the early 1970s, there was a strong reaction amongst persons with disabilities, representatives of the organization for and/or of persons with disabilities, professionals in the field of disability against the definitions and terminologies of the time. That is the terms disability and handicap have been used in an unclear and confusing manners, which to some extent help the negative attitudes people hold towards disabilities and persons with disabilities, worst of all it gave poor guidance to policy makers, opinion leaders, politicians, etc.

The terminology reflected a medical and diagnostic approach, which ignored the imperfections and deficiency of the environment. Therefore, some professionals and advocates have expressed concerns that the classifications, in it definition of the term "handicap", for example, can still be considered too medical and too centered on the individual, and does not adequately clarify the interaction between societal conditions or expectations and the ability of the individual. In 1974, Handicapped Persons in the Community lobbied for a change in gear in the way persons with disabilities are viewed and defined. Firstly, there is anatomical, physiological or psychological abnormality or a loss. Therefore, we think of the person with disabilities as a persons first who has lost a limb or part to the various system through surgeon or in an accident, becoming, for example, visually impaired, hard of hearing or physically impaired in some aspects, usually in observable ways.

Secondly, there are chronical clinical conditions altering or interrupting normal physiological, psychological processes such as bronchitis, arthritis, etc and manic depression. For any meaning of disability the clinical reference object is the normal human body, of like sex and age. Thirdly meaning is functional limitations of ordinary activity, whether that activity is carried out on alone or with others. The simplest example is incapacity for self care and management, in the sense of being unable to or finding it difficult to walk about, negotiate stairs, wash and dress.

Fourth meaning is a pattern of behavior with particular elements of a socially deviant kind. This pattern of behavior is in a part directly attributable to impairment or pathological conditions such as regular physical tremor or limps, or an irregular occurring fits.

Finally disability means a socially defined position or status. The actor doesn't just act differently. He occupies a status which attracts a mixture of difference, condescension, consideration and indifference. Therefore, disability is an empty inferiority as well as different status.

Persons with disabilities share with non-disabled persons, fears, ideals and superstitions, thus, as a group they cannot be characterized low in intelligence, or less sensitive than the others. Therefore, there are more similarities than differences between persons with disabilities and the able bodied. But factors that are related, and they provoke a reaction to a persons with disabilities, those factors include, his economic position, his social environment, nature of his disability, the point at which disability occurred in his life, the circumstance of its onset, the treatment procedures that are required, and course and the progress of the disabling process, and all those that have an effect on him. In this discussion, I referred the World Health Organization's 1980 international classification of impairments, disabilities and handicaps, in which impairment is abnormality of psychological, physiological or anatomical structure or function; disability the restricted ability to perform an activity, and handicapped restriction faced by a person with disability in fulfilling normal roles due to social barrier.

Historical Background of Disability

The development of policies and practices has been found very helpful in understanding the history of persons with disabilities. Though they may not make a reading for most of us, I have decided to adapt them in searching for a better understanding of disability and its evolutionary history. The development of policies and practices pertaining to persons with disabilities can be divided into three fundamental approaches resuming a long history of attitudes and conceptions in relation to disablement. Historically, the longest periods to "the traditional model", second "the r/habilitation model", and third "the independent model". The three approaches partly reflect the views of different age periods, but many elements of all paradigms live together in the attitudes and apprehension towards persons with disabilities not only to a particular nation or region but the world over.

Attitudes towards persons with disabilities have been influenced by a range of phenomena including human's struggle to survive, religious beliefs, economic changes, literature and art, scientific discoveries, medicine, philanthropy, politic, law, etc. The development of children with disabilities for example, has a history of vacillating attitudes. That is extreme cruelty alternating with protection, neglect alternating with enlightened provision, exploitation alternating with respect, etc.

In the early period of history, persons with disabilities were often abandoned and even killed. Decisions and practices of such cruelty were based on the erroneous beliefs that societies need to survive, so those who were considered weak were cast aside in case they held back the strength of the group. The ancient Greeks for example, aiming to create a "perfect race", always killed deaf children; the Spartans threw children with impairments into pit latrines.

More merciful religious ideals began to teach that persons with disabilities should be treated with compassion; the Bible and the Quran contain texts that say they should be protected. Protection could mean that a child with disability received special attention for example, Bede (672-735) recorded that St John of Beverley taught a dump youth to speak. This is believed to be one of the first recorded examples of an aphasic child being educated.

Other group of children with disabilities were called "cripples" and depicted as ugly and evil in art and literature. Fourteen-century frescos by Masaccio showed young persons with disabilities manoeuvring themselves about on little wheeled sledged in Florence, their faces avaricious and threatening as they begged for alms.

Victor Hugo's early nineteenth century novel "the hunchback of Notre dame" created a negative image of persons with spinal disorders. Robert Louis Stevenson's book "treasure island" suggested impairment as connected with evil and crime. Persons with disabilities therefore, were often consigned to circuses, regarded as little figures of fun and not expected to have any "normal" feelings or to want a "normal" life.

At different times in history, children with learning disabilities have been regarded as possessed by devils, and at other times and some places as "blessed". Indian American often called them "children of great spirit". Edward ii of England (1307-1328) placed "imbeciles" under his protection by law though in medieval palaces they were sometimes kept to amuse the family, but nonetheless attitudes continued to vacillate. Persecution flared up in the reformation, when Luther and Calvin denounced persons with learning disabilities as "filled with Satan". They were subsequently whipped, tortured and even murdered.

This deadly episode was followed by another period of protection. In the mid seventeen century, a group of persons with disabilities were gathered together in the bicette in Paris, a former chateu turned into a hospital. In 1801, a French physician, itard, published an account of a boy with disabilities found living rough in the aveyron woods. This story created interest in children's learning, inherited intelligence, and environmental influences. By the middle of the nineteen-century, interest in learning difficulties had developed in England. Due to the growth in institutions, there was then a captive population of children with learning disabilities that can be observed and described. Urban society expanded as industrial revolution developed. Poverty and diseases assumed shocking proportions in crowded unsanitary cities. Persons with learning disabilities were blamed for variety of urban illnesses such as laziness, immorality, sexual promiscuity, crime, pauperism, and prostitution. Persons with disabilities therefore, were seen as threat to society. However, one must not lose sight of the fact that these unpleasant moments in the history of persons with disabilities were also punctuated with good efforts that could merit highlight. For example, in the fourth and fifth centuries, hospitals for the visually impaired were opened caesaria and Syria, and in 1260 an asylum in France housed 300 visually impaired soldiers in the crusades. A hospital for 100 visually impaired men opened in London in 1329. Attempts were made to assist deaf and hard of hearing children in the sixteenth century, led by Italian, geronomo cardona, who recognised that they used sight to compensate for their lack of hearing. However, the majority of the deaf and hard of hearing children were labelled "deaf dumb" until the twentieth century.

The Traditional Model

Its is paradox that throughout history, the problems of persons with disabilities have not been lack of integration alone, but, rather an unfulfilled form of "integration", with limited possibilities for accessing education, work and social life. Persons with disabilities had always had a place in society, but a place that the misconceptions of leaders of the community and the community itself prescribed for them. Mainly, the roles given to persons with disabilities had negative characteristics. In antiquity, for example, deafness was regarded as a kind of disease that made the deaf person unable to develop the skills that were necessary to function as a responsible citizen. Following, the Roman law and derived system treated deaf persons as special cases. Occasionally, a disability is linked with a special ability. For example, visually impaired persons have often had special skills attributed to them, particularly with regards to music and poetry, and "seeing" into the future. Old Greece, Rome and Egypt represent examples, both of rejection (sometimes physical elimination) and sacralisation. In the extreme, even a hierophant. With the rise of Christianity, the focus changed. Persons with disabilities who were crippled, sick, blind, or deaf were regarded as object of "charity", and persons who were mentally retarded regarded as "innocent". It was thought proper that they should beg, in order to give others the opportunities to offer charity, or to be taken under care of the church. The task of the church was not only to provide care, but also to gain the person's entrance to heaven. For example, if the person was not confirmed, s/he should not be saved. This was the reason for the church to undertake to teach the deaf persons to speak and learn the catechism. These complementary roles of the church and the persons with disabilities may be regarded as the first step of the later development towards institutional care.

In the fifteenth and sixteenth century, during the constitution of the modern European states, poor and persons with disabilities became subject of administration as an aspect of public order. The time of enlightenment during the eighteenth century, transformed persons with disabilities into subject of care. At the same time, the "normal" citizens were step-by-step obtaining civil rights through confrontation with the ruling class. The word "normal" appeared in this time in France.

The positivism of the nineteenth century led a new emphasis. The persons of disabilities became problem subject, and object of study for psychology, medicine, and education. Thus, techniques for the education of the visually impaired and hard of hearing in the previous period became consolidated source. New categories of disabilities were studied at the same time as the differentiation between the asylum and the hospitals were reinforced, the later being a centre with socio- scientific functions. For example, the first school for America, which was founded in 1807, was called "the asylum".

The time had not come, however, to discuss the education of the children with severe disabilities. Therefore, the available resources and efforts were directed towards children who posed minor problems for the teachers. Segregation in education was introduced to provide children with disabilities with a possibility to learn, and this initial segregation no doubt had positive effects if one disregards the fact that, with the exception of the hard of hearing children who were dependent on a signing environment, non-segregated special school would have given the same results at that time.

The order of the church was replaced with the order of the bourgeoisie. The age of the enlightenment had led to a growing educational focus, but while the general concern of the society was on work and production, persons with disabilities were not yet regarded as able to play a part in industrial production. They were still to a large extent, deprived the role of workers, and thereby also denied the possibilities of obtaining a reasonable status in society. The functions of the persons with disabilities were to be the subject of protection by a liberal and progressive society, with control lying within the society.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201401291546.html




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Kenya: Kisii to Form Database of the Disabled

AllAfrica.com
BY BENSON NYAGESIBA, 30 JANUARY 201

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THE Kisii County government has assured people living with disability of material and financial support.

Youth and Social services executive Marcella Otuke said the disabled persons have a role to play in the county's development and thus the need to support them.

Addressing representatives of people living with disability in her office on Tuesday, Otuke said the county government has started profiling people living with disability to help them.

She said the county government has set aside funds to cater for the needs of those groups because it is their constitutional right.

Otuke said the National Fund for the Disabled in Kenya, Kisii county coordinator Isaac Rogito will oversee the exercise.

She said a database will provide information about the persons easily.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201401301221.html




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Salone National Association for the Deaf pays courtesy call on SLRTA boss

Sierra Express Media

By: SEM Contributor on February 3, 2014.

The National Association for the Deaf on Friday 31st January 2014 paid a courtesy call on the Executive Director of Sierra Leone Road Transport Authority (SLRTA) Dr. Sarah Finda Bendu at the SLRTA head quarter at Kissy Road in Freetown.

While making a statement the President of the Sierra Leone National Association for the Deaf, Mr. Alhaji Mohamed Rahman thanked Dr. Sarah Finda Bendu and her team for popularizing road safety in the country. He noted that we are losing a lot of lives as a result of gruesome road traffic crashes and that these road crashes cannot be unconnected to lawlessness on the part of drivers, bike riders and pedestrians.

He also noted that they are facing a lot of challenges as a result of their impaired hearing ability as he puts it while using the roads and this has resulted to the death of many of their membership. He called on the SLRTA to conduct road safety training for his entire membership as that would help them to know how to use the road responsibly to minimize the spate of road crashes in the country.

“We have lost many of our members/colleagues in road crashes simply because of their impaired hearing ability and we must not allow such to continue any longer. We are kindly asking for a road safety training for our entire membership this will help us to know the road signs and marking and thus help us to use the roads responsibly ” Mr. Rahman said. In her response Dr. Sarah Finda Bendu expressed her appreciation to the president and the entire membership of the National Association for the Deaf. She noted the SLRTA do have plans to take road safety to the disable that is the blind, the deaf etc because road safety is not only a global concern but also a collective responsibility.

She however empathizes with them taking into consideration some of the constraints they undergo while using the roads. She promised that request of the National Association for the deaf would be given due consideration and some of their members would be incorporated in the road safety advocacy team.

By SLRTA Communications Unit

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.sierraexpressmedia.com/archives/65012




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Chamisa blasts website on fabrication about Mangoma disability slur

The Zimbabwe Mail-

Staff Reporter 15 hours 53 minutes ago
Font size: Decrease font Enlarge font
EnlargeMDC-T national organising secretary, Nelson Chamisa
MDC-T national organising secretary, Nelson Chamisa

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HARARE - MDC-T national organising secretary, Nelson Chamisa, has denied insulting senior colleague Elton Mangoma about his disability at a heated meeting on the party's leadership last week.

“I never made any statement disparaging anyone. I believe in dealing with facts and factors - not actors,” Chamisa said responding to fabrications made by the website newzimbabwe.com.

Party sources said Mangoma came under vicious attack at a meeting of the Harare province which discussed his explosive letter calling for Morgan Tsvangirai’s immediate resignation as party leader.

The province met ahead of a gathering of the party’s national executive council over Mangoma’s divisive letter.

The former energy minister is said to have been blasted as a traitor with Chamisa allegedly saying he could have done a better job representing the disabled in Parliament.

But Chamisa, a key member of the party leadership backing Tsvangirai to stay in post, said the allegations were fabricated and a complete misrepresentation of what “I stand for”.

“To insinuate that I made that kind of attack is a complete misrepresentation of me and what I stand for. I may have many challenges as a human being but being an idiot is not one of them,” he said.

“I respect the maker of all mankind and would not presume to pass judgement on people created by God ? however they were created.” The former ICT minister said his address to the meeting had instead focussed on the political and economic situation in the country.

“I spoke about the political and economic crisis in the country and, with all due respect, my colleague Mr Mangoma does not constitute the political and economic situation in the country.”

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.thezimbabwemail.com/zimbabwe/20639-chamisa-blasts-website-on-fabrication-about-mangoma-disability-s.html




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Mwenezi DA convicted for assaulting handicapped farmer

SW Radio Africa-
Posted by Mthulisi Mathuthu on Tuesday, February 4, 2014 in Judiciary | 0 Comments

Stanley Chamisa was found guilty of assaulting William Strander and fined $80

By Mthulisi Mathuthu
SW Radio Africa
04 January 2014

A Mwenezi District Administrator was last week convicted for assaulting a handicapped white commercial farmer, whom he later evicted from his farm, the Daily News reported Monday.

According to the report Masvingo magistrate Oliver Mudzongachiso, found Stanley Chamisa guilty of assaulting William Strander and fined him $80. Chamisa’s son, Watson, was acquitted for lack of evidence.

The report said the assault took place while Chamisa was evicting the farmer off his property under the so-called land reform programme.

The case against Chamisa was that on October 27th last year he and his son, accompanied by two police officers, drove to Strander’s homestead at Benjani Ranch Farm. They are said to have met Strander driving in the opposite direction and stopped him. When Strander refused to drive back to his homestead the DA then insulted his victim and punched him.

Chamisa was later restrained by police officers after he allegedly tried to pick up a boulder in an attempt to smash Strander’s car. The farmer sustained injuries on the neck and the arm and had to be treated at Masvingo General Hospital. He reported the matter to the police, leading to Chamisa’s arrest.

Strander has since approached the Constitutional Court over the seizure of his farm.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.swradioafrica.com/2014/02/04/mwenezi-da-convicted-for-assaulting-handicapped-farmer/




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HIV survey among the deaf commences in Kampala

New Vision

Publish Date: Feb 04, 2014

A deaf person communicating during the inauguration of the workshop at Grand Imperial Hotel .Photo by Agnes Kyotalengerire newvision

By Agnes Kyotalengerire

A programme to survey the HIV/AIDS status among the deaf people in Kampala has been inaugurated. The Crane Survey; a collaborative activity between ministry of health, Makerere University School of Public Health and the United States Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) kicked off yesterday and will last for six months. The survey funded by PEPFAR; a US Government’s HIV assistance programme is the first of its kind in Uganda. It will cover the greater Kampala region; Kampala, Mukono, Wakiso and Mpigi districts. A total sample of 1,500 deaf people aged above 18 years will take part in the survey.

This was revealed during an inauguration workshop at Grand Imperial Hotel in Kampala on Friday.

Speaking during the workshop, Associate Professor School of Public Health, Dr. Rhoda Wanyenza said deaf people in Uganda are often disadvantaged, lack access to health care and have challenges in attaining proper health knowledge.

“Due to their disability, many are more vulnerable, putting them potentially at increased risk of getting HIV/AIDS,” Wanyenza said.

She said what aggravates the problem is the lack of data about the health needs of the deaf, their risk for HIV and their access to HIV services, such as treatment.
Participants making deliberations during the inauguration of the HIV and health survey among the deaf at Grand Imperial Hotel Kampala. Picture by Agnes Kyotalengerire
The chairperson finance and administration committee National Council for Disability, James Aniyamuzala is optimistic that the survey will help shed light on the health needs of the deaf and improve health literacy and access to health services among the deaf.

Aniyamuzala said the survey creates an opportunity to influence policies on issues to do with people with disabilities.

George William Lubwama the Crane Survey project manager said using a video-based sign language questionnaire, the survey will examine respondent’s general health status, alcohol, tobacco and drug use as well as access to health care, HIV testing, care, treatment and HIV related diseases.

Lubwama said during the survey respondents will be tested for HIV and syphilis. Treatment for syphilis will be provided at the survey offices at Reev House Bombo Road, Wandegeya. Those found with HIV will be referred to HIV care and treatment providers.

Respondents will receive pre and post-test counseling for HIV and which will be aided by computer technology. Ambrose Murangira the executive director Uganda National Association of the Deaf urged researchers to include deaf people in the research. “For the research to be successful, you need to work with the people you are researching about. When you involve one or two deaf people, the deaf community feel free and get committed to participate in the survey,” Murangira said.

He commended Crane Survey for choosing an appropriate method; video-computer based sign language to collect data. “The biggest problem with deaf people is communication; it starts right at home and continues to the health facilities which affects their access to health services. Using video-computer based method to conduct interviews will help reduce the gap of communication.
Another deaf person communicating during the inauguration of the HIV and health survey among the deaf at Grand Imperial Hotel

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.newvision.co.ug/news/652121-hiv-survey-among-the-deaf-commences-in-kampala.html




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Sierra Leone: Ahead of African Deaf Nations Cup in Abidjan

AllAfrica.com
BY SAHR MORRIS JNR., 4 FEBRUARY 2014

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The Sierra Leone national deaf team has been paired alongside Nigeria, Tanzania and Algeria in Group C of the maiden edition of the African Deaf Nations Cup (ADNC). The tournament will be hosted in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire later this year.

In the other groups, Cote d'Ivoire, Mali, The Gambia and Egypt are in Group A, while Group B consists of Libya, Cameroon, Liberia and Niger. In Group D are Ghana, Kenya, Zambia and Guinea.

Meanwhile, former President of the Sierra Leone National Association of the Deaf (SLNAD), Ramatu Sesay, has been appointed to serve as one of the Planning Committee members for the tournament.

Madam Sesay got her appointment following a meeting in Abidjan where she shared her experience with the other members on the rules and regulations governing deaf football.

Other members of the Committee include Jonathan Amuah (Vice President), John Stephen Yusuf (General Secretary), Emhemed Khalifa Emsiri (President of the Libya Deaf Sports Federation), Nouhoun Keita (President of Mali Deaf Sports Federation), and Mrs Ramatu Sesay (Chairperson of Sierra Leone Deaf Sports Federation).

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://allafrica.com/stories/201402051067.html




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Sekondi School for the Deaf needs accommodation

GhanaWeb

The Sekondi School for the Deaf (SEKDEAF) is accommodating both girls and boys on a one-storey block because of inadequate accommodation facilities for them. The boys occupy the top floor while the girls are on the ground floor.

The headmaster of the school, Mr Kofi Oti Frimpong, who made this known to the Ghana News Agency last Tuesday, has, therefore, appealed to the Ghana Education Service (GES) to provide separate accommodation for the two different groups of pupils to avoid any untoward occurrence, stressing that the situation “is not the best.”

“The students are human beings and they have emotions and feelings and if a student cannot control his feelings and enters the girls’ dormitory, what do you think will happen?” he queried.

The school currently has a student population of 328. He said there was a girls’ dormitory project by the GETFund which had stalled since 1992 and appealed to authorities concerned to fast-track its completion to accommodate the girls separately from the boys.

The only deaf and dumb school in the Western Region, established in 1971, has no administrative block, assembly and dining halls, while the only school bus has broken down.

Mr Frimpong said the school had not received the school feeding grant for the second term, adding that, “we recently received about GH¢2,500 from the government being the arrears for the first term.”

“Even that money has been used to pay our creditors because we have been crediting food to feed the children for a very long time.”

He, therefore, appealed to philanthropists, non-governmental organisations and corporate bodies to come to their aid.

【付記】上記ニュースのURL
http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/regional/artikel.php?ID=299890



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