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This page includes literature and sites related to disability movement and independent living movement.
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■Table of Contents
Disability Movement
Independent Living Movement
WHO
Organizations
DINF's Home Page
 ◇Japan Disability Forum : JDF
 ◇Japan National Assembly of Disabled Peoples' International (DPI-Japan)
 ◇Eight Main Disabled People Groups
 ◇Center for Independent Living
 ◇Aoi Shiba no Kai
History
Literature
Related Website
Newspaper Articles


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■Disability Movement


"Disability Movement"
OZAWA Atsushi 2009/04/20
Dictionary of Social Welfare Terms [Shakai fukushi yogo jiten] (7th edition)

"Disability movement is one of the social movements in which people with disabilities raise questions or form groups to conduct activities for request of expansion of such services as social security, social welfare, and healthcare. In Japan many groups were formed based on classification of illness and disabilities. Some groups conduct nationwide activities (in many cases groups are formed each prefecture) and others conduct activities locally. Some groups are formed by parents or families who do not have disabilities by themselves, such as Parent's Association for Intellectual Disabilities and Japanese Alliance on Mental Illness. The number of groups which makes policy proposals has been increasing since the establishment of Japan Council for International Year of Disabled Persons in 1980. In the local area, the number of groups which participates in planning a local government program for persons with disabilities has also been increasing." (p.183)


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■Independent Living Movement


Independent Living Movement
TATEIWA Shin'ya 1999/05/15
Encyclopedia of Welfare Society [Fukushi shakai jiten],Kobundo

"Independent Living Movement means that people with disabilities try to live in places where people live, do what they would like to do, and live what they would like to live, not under restricted lives at institutions nor under control of their parents, and it is also the movement in order to achieve it. Although it was often said that this movement had started in the U.S. in the 1970s and then was introduced to Japan in 1980s, it is not correct. In the early 1970s this kind of life trial also started in Japan, too and the word of independent was used for it and in the middle of 1970s the word of independent living was started to use. Although there was no social support policy for their local life, they started to live mainly supported by volunteers. At the same time, they kept asking the national/local government for fulfillment of care service and succeeded in acquiring a system and expanding it little by little (special standard of paying fee to caregivers in case people with disabilities are provided public assistance and cared by people other than their family members, caregiver business of each local government, use of registering caregivers people with disabilities recommend as homehelpers and use them etc.). And behind these lay the establishment of Center for Independent Living, a non-profit organization in which disabled people themselves live in local areas and they themselves mainly support the life and conduct its activities while learning the institutions and activities in the U.S. Then in 1986 Human Care Association was established in Hachioji City, Tokyo, and in 1991 15 groups set up Japan Council on Independent Living Centers. their membership was more than 75 groups as of February 1998."


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■WHO(Ars Vivendi Members)


AOKI Chihoko
ARIMATSU Ryo
CHONG Hee Kyong
HORI Tomohisa
KAWAGUCHI Yumiko
KWAK Jeongran[Japanese]
NOZAKI Yasunobu
ONO Mayuko
SADATO Kuniko
TAJIMA Akiko
TATEIWA Shin'ya
TOSHIMITSU Keiko
UEMURA Kaname
YAGI Shinichi
WATANABE Aiko
WATANABE Katsunori


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■Organizations


◆DINF's Home Page
http://www.dinf.ne.jp/doc/english/asia/organization/jsrd/z00004/z0000401.html (No.1)
http://www.dinf.ne.jp/doc/english/asia/organization/jsrd/z00004/z0000402.html (No.2)
http://www.dinf.ne.jp/doc/english/asia/organization/jsrd/z00004/z0000403.html (No.3)

◆Japan Disability Forum : JDF
http://www.normanet.ne.jp/~jdf/ [Japanese]

Source:Disability Information Resource(DINF)'s Home Page
http://www.dinf.ne.jp/doc/english/resource/JDF/Establishment_ofthe_JDF.html

・MEMBER ORGANIZATION
Japanese Federation of Organizations of the Disabled Persons
Japan Federation of the Blind
Japanese Federation of the Deaf
Japan Council on Disability (JD)
Japan National Assembly of Disabled Peoples' International
Inclusion Japan
Spinal Injuries Japan
National Federation of Mental Health and Welfare Party in Japan
Japan National Council of Social Welfare
Japanese Society for Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities
Japan National Group of Mentally Disabled People
Japan Deafblind Association
All Japan Association of Hard of Hearing People
(Currently 13 member organizations)

・ Established on October 31, 2004

・ Four Major Activities of Working Committees to promote;
(1)International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
(2)Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons
(3)National Policies including "New Basic Programme for PWDs"
(4)National Legislation on the Rights / Anti-discrimination of PWDs

◆Japan National Assembly of Disabled Peoples' International (DPI-Japan)
"http://www.dpi-japan.org/english/index.html

・What is DPI ?

Disabled Peoples' International, or DPI in short, was founded in 1981, the International Year of Disabled Persons. DPI is a cross-disability (physical, intellectual, psychiatric and other disabilities) organization of persons with disabilities.

DPI's headquarters is located in Newfoundland, Canada and its national assemblies have been created in more than 120 countries. DPI is an International NGO which possesses consultative status of UN ECOSOC, WHO, ILO and so forth.

・The goals of DPI

To promote the human rights of disabled persons

To promote economic and social integration of disabled persons

To develop and support organizations of disabled persons
・Features of DPI Movement

DPI is an organization "of" persons with disabilities.

DPI is a cross-disability organization.

DPI addresses disability issues as social issues from the viewpoint of human rights.

◆Eight Main Groups

Disabled people's groups which were involved in the investigative commission concerning the way of support of local life of disabled people which was hosted by disabled people (children) at the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare from May 2003 through July 2004 (Nissinren, Inclusion Japan,Japanese Federation of the Deaf, Japan Federation of the Blind,Japan Council on Disability,DPI Japan,Spinal Injuries Japan), and Zenkaren(broke up in April 2007) are sometimes called 8 domestic main groups (Fujii 2009: 30-1)

FUJII Katsunori 200909 "Track of Movements over Services and Supports for Persons with Disabilities Act and its Foresight," STUDY OF CURRENT REHABILITATION140: 27-33.

1) Japanese Federation of Organizations of the Disabled Persons
http://www.nissinren.or.jp/ [Japanese]

2) Inclusion Japan
http://www.ikuseikai-japan.jp/world/english.html

3) Japanese Federation of the Deaf
http://www.jfd.or.jp/en/
 
4) Japan Federation of the Blind
http://www.normanet.ne.jp/~nichimo/ [Japanese]
http://www.dinf.ne.jp/doc/english/asia/organization/jsrd/z00004/z0000402.html [DINF's Home Page]

5) Japan Council on Disability (JD)
http://www.jdnet.gr.jp/ [Japanese]
http://www.miusa.org/orgsearch/index_html/orgResult_detail?itemnum=1087 [Mobility International USA(MIUSA)'s Home Page]

6) Japan National Assembly of Disabled Peoples' International (DPI-Japan)
http://www.dpi-japan.org/english/index.html 

7) Spinal Injuries Japan
http://www.zensekiren.jp/ [Japanese]

8) National Federation of Families with Mentally Ill in Japan→2007, dissolution(bankruptcy)
http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%85%A8%E5%9B%BD%E7%B2%BE%E7%A5%9E%E9%9A%9C%E5%AE%B3%E8%80%85%E5%AE%B6%E6%97%8F%E4%BC%9A%E9%80%A3%E5%90%88%E4%BC%9A (wikipedia's Home Page)[Japanese]


Center for Independent Living

Aoi Shiba no Kai


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■History


◇Disability Movement: Trends in Major Disability Specific Organizations
http://www.dinf.ne.jp/doc/english/resource/z00009/z0000903.html [DINF's Home Page]

TATEIWA Shin'ya August 11, 2010 "Disability Movement / Studies in Japan 1: Beginning"
TATEIWA Shin'ya August 12, 2010 "Disability Movement / Studies in Japan 2: The People"
TATEIWA Shin'ya August 17, 2010 "Disability Movement / Studies in Japan 3: To Use Public Fund to Organize Services by Themselves"
TATEIWA Shin'ya August 19, 2010 "Disability Movement / Studies in Japan 4: Notes on Direct Payments"
TATEIWA Shin'ya August 20, 2010 "Disability Movement/Studies in Japan 5: Disability Studies / Japan Society for Disability Studiese"
TATEIWA Shin'ya August 22, 2010 "Disability Movement/Studies in Japan 6: In Kyoto ・ 'Ars Vivendi' "
TATEIWA Shin'ya August 28, 2010 "Disability Movement / Studies in Japan 7: With People in South Korea"
TATEIWA Shin'ya August 30, 2010 "Disability Movement / Studies in Japan 8: Relationship with 'Bioethics'"
TATEIWA Shin'ya September 6, 2010 "Disability Movement / Studies in Japan 9: Women"
TATEIWA Shin'ya September 7, 2010 "On 'the Social Model'"


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■Literature


◇GONDO Mayumi February 1, 2015 "The Current Condition and Problems of "Independent Living" of Persons with Disabilities in Vietnam: From a Survey of Hanoi Independent Living Centre"

◇TSUJI Yoshihiro December 1, 2014 "A Small-size Visiting Care Service Provider's Survival Strategies: Research on the Management/System concerning Visiting Care Services"

◇KIRIHARA Naoyuki September 1, 2014 "Dredging up the Histories of People who Have Been Denied by the Society: Research on Movements by Users and Survivors of Psychiatry"

HORI Tomohisa March 20, 2014 Identity of Disability Studies: From the History of Disabled People's Movements in Japan,Seikatsu Shoin,224p. ISBN-10:4865000208 ISBN-13:978-4865000207 3000yen+tax [amazon][kinokuniya] ※

◇SHIRATA Koji February 1, 2014 "What Makes the Mentally Disordered Hard to Live?: Can Social Model of Disability Include Mental Disorders?"

HORI Tomohisa & CHAPESKIE Robert August 21, 2013 "Transitioning towards a Movement That Accepts Children with Disabilities Just as They Are - The History of the Association of Parents of Children with Congenital Limb Defects", Ars Vivendi Journal 5: 8-24 [HTML]/[PDF]

BARNES Colin August 21, 2013 "The Disabled Peoples' Movement and its Future," Ars Vivendi Journal 5: 2-7 [HTML]/[PDF]

TATEIWA Shin'ya August 2011 "On 'the Social Model'," Ars Vivendi Journal 1:32-51  [HTML] / [PDF]

NOZAKI Yasunobu June 30, 2011 Toward the Ethics of Life Affirmation: From a Perspective of Disability Studies, Hakutakusha, 216p. ISBN-10: 4768479391 ISBN-13: 978-4768479391 2310 [amazon][kinokuniya]

SADATO Kuniko March 31, 2011 Modern History of Disability Movement in Kansai Area: Focusing on Osaka Aoi Shiba no Kai, Seikatsu Shoin, 344p. ISBN-10: 4903690741 ISBN-13: 9784903690742 3000 [amazon][kinokuniya]

TATEIWA Shin'ya November 23, 2010 "The Person Themselves and the Family / the Family and Society", Chung Ang University Graduate School, Seoul, South Korea

◇2010/09/21-24 Special Lecture Series by Prof. Colin Barnes (20-24 September, 2010)

TATEIWA Shin'ya August 11, 2010 "Disability Movement / Studies in Japan 1: Beginning"

TATEIWA Shin'ya August 12, 2010 "Disability Movement / Studies in Japan 2: The People"

TATEIWA Shin'ya August 17, 2010 "Disability Movement / Studies in Japan 3: To Use Public Fund to Organize Services by Themselves"

TATEIWA Shin'ya August 19, 2010 "Disability Movement / Studies in Japan 4: Notes on Direct Payments"

TATEIWA Shin'ya August 20, 2010 "Disability Movement/Studies in Japan 5: Disability Studies / Japan Society for Disability Studiese"

TATEIWA Shin'ya August 22, 2010 "Disability Movement/Studies in Japan 6: In Kyoto ・ 'Ars Vivendi' "

TATEIWA Shin'ya August 28, 2010 "Disability Movement / Studies in Japan 7: With People in South Korea"

TATEIWA Shin'ya August 30, 2010 "Disability Movement / Studies in Japan 8: Relationship with 'Bioethics'"

TATEIWA Shin'ya September 6, 2010 "Disability Movement / Studies in Japan 9: Women"

TATEIWA Shin'ya September 7, 2010 "On 'the Social Model'"

◇KATO Masae 2009 Women’s Rights? The Politics of Eugenic Abortion in Modern Japan, Amsterdam University Press [amazon]

◇TSUTSUMI Aiko, OHASHI Yukako, JOZUKA Saeko & HORIUCHI Mariko April 2009 "The Disability and Women’s Movements: Crossroad of 30 Years", Voices from Japan 22: Women with Disabilities in Japan http://ajwrc.org/jp/modules/myalbum/photo.php?lid=160&cid=2

◇HAYASHI Reiko & OKUHIRA Masako 2001 "The Disability Rights Movement in Japan: past, present and future", Disability & Society 16-6:855-869

◇SAKAKIBARA Kenjiro  2009 "Disability Movements and the Economy: A Comparative Sociological Study between Japan and the US",Disability and Economy: Creating a Society for All, Todai Forum 2009 in UK http://www2.e.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~read/en/act/forum2009/program.html http://www2.e.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~read/en/act/forum2009/paper/sakakibara.doc

NOZAKI Yasunobu July 31, 2008 "Review: Morioka Masahiro Life Studies Approaches to Bioethics: A New Perspective on Brain Death, Feminism, and Disability", Disability Studies Quarterly Vol.28 No.3 (2008 Summer)
http://www.dsq-sds.org/DPubS?service=Repository&version=1.0&verb=Disseminate&view=body&content-type=html_1&handle=osul.dsq/1217618494#Disability Studies Quarterly (http://www.dsq-sds.org/)

NAKANISHI Shoji November 28, 2008 "Independent Living Movements in Asia: Its Achievements and Future", 25 years of Independent Living in Sweden, International conference 28-29 November 2008http://www.independentliving.org/25years2008nakanishi

TATEIWA Shin'ya Descember 12, 2006 "Disabilities / Disability Studies", Oba, Takeshi ; Inoue, Tatsuo ; Kawamoto

MORIOKA Masahiro May 2002 "Disability Movement and Inner Eugenic Thought: A Philosophical Aspect of Independent Living and Bioethics", Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 12(May 2002),94-97.

TATEIWA Shin'ya 2001 Is No Disability Good?

NAKANISHI Shoji March 31, 2000 "Independent Living Movement in Japan intiated by Human Care Association"  http://homepage2.nifty.com/ADI/IL-HCA.html

MATSUBARA Yoko December 1998 "The Enactment of Japan's Sterilization Laws in the 1940s: A Prelude to Postwar Eugenic Policy," Historia Scientiarum, The History of Science Society of Japan, vol.8, no.2, pp.187-201. [MS Word, English]

TSUCHIYA Takashi October 31, 1997 "Eugenic Sterilizations in Japan and Recent Demands for Apology: A Report", Newsletter of the Network on Ethics and Intellectual Disability 3-1(Fall 1997):1-4

Core Ethics (Bulletin of the Graduate School of Core Ethics and Frontier Sciences at Ritsumeikan University)
Vol. 2, 2006)
SADATO Kuniko "The Origin of Independent Living Movement for Disabled People in Osaka and Hyogo"
[Abstract in English]

Vol. 3, 2007)
SADATO Kuniko "Independent Living Movement for Disabled People in Osaka - Focusing on the Osaka Green Grass Association in the 1970s -"
[Abstract in English]

Vol. 4, 2008)
SADATO Kuniko "The Role of Care-Givers in the Disabled People's Movement: A Study of Group Gorilla in the Osaka Green Grass Association
[Abstract in English]

Vol. 5, 2009)
KATSURAGI Teizo "The Development of the Intractable Disease Association of Shiga: An Example of the Patients' Rights Movement" [Abstract in English]
Vol. 6, 2010)
ABE Akane "The Japanese Reform Movement of Psychiatric Medicine and Anti-psychiatry Thought in the 1970s" [Abstract in English]

◇SHIRASUGI Makoto "Research on the Management of Centers for Independent Living: Tactics for Keeping the Balance Between the Independent Living Movement and the Business of Centers"
[Abstract in English]

Vol. 7, 2011)
CHONG HeeKyong "The Origin of the Disabled People's Movement in South Korea: Activities of the Polio Association of South Korea and the Foundation and Expansion of the Ullimteo Society for Disability Studies"
[Abstract in English] (PDF)

Vol. 8, 2012)
CHONG HeeKyong "Youths with Disability Who Carried Korea’s Disability Rights Movement: Repeated Integration of Disability Organizations from 1990 to 1998"
[Abstract in English] (PDF)

◇SHIRASUGI Makoto "Conditions and Problems in the Management of a Home Help Service Business"
[Abstract in English] (PDF)

◇YAGI Shinichi "The Role of Parents in Starting and Spreading the Use of Home Mechanical Ventilation by Children in Japan: From the Activity of Bakubaku-no-kai, the Association of Parents with Children Using Artificial Ventilators"
[Abstract in English] (PDF)

Vol. 9, 2013)
◇SHIRASUGI Makoto "Problems Faced by Centers for Independent Living in Providing Consultation Support Services in Response to the Revision of the Services and Supports for Persons with Disabilities Act in 2012"
[Abstract in English] (PDF)

Vol. 10, 2014)
◇GONDO Mayumi "Establishment of Vietnam Hanoi Independent Living Center and Problems of Its Management and Prospects"
[Abstract in English] (PDF)

◇SHIRATA Koji "Is the Social Model of Disability a Philosophy of Liberation? Difficulties in Understanding Mental Disorders"
[Abstract in English] (PDF)


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■Related Website


Chronology: The History of Disabled People (and Their Movement) in Japan
Disability Studies
◇Japan Society for Disability Studies
http://www.jsds.org/[Japanese]
Mental Disability / Psychiatry

(Our Study Groups)
Study Group on Disability Studies (AY 2011)
Study Group on Disability Studies (AY 2010)
Study Group on Life Problems of People with Disabilities and Diseases under Earthquake


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■Newspaper Articles


◆April 14, 2015 "Conference highlights need to empower women, embrace diversity in the workplace" (The Japan Times)
 http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2015/04/14/national/conference-highlights-need-empower-women-embrace-diversity-workplace/
◆August 13, 2014 "Past victimhood blinds Japan to present-day racial discrimination" (The Japan Times)
 http://www.japantimes.co.jp/community/2014/08/13/issues/past-victimhood-blinds-japan-present-day-racial-discrimination/
◆December 18, 2012 "Building an inclusive society for the disabled" (The Japan Times)
 http://www.japantimes.co.jp/opinion/2012/12/18/commentary/world-commentary/building-an-inclusive-society-for-the-disabled/
◆July 1, 2012 "Disabled women speak out on discrimination" (The Japan Times)
 http://www.japantimes.co.jp/life/2012/07/01/general/disabled-women-speak-out-on-discrimination/
◆September 28, 2000 "Disabled fight for freedom of movement" (The Japan Times)
 http://www.japantimes.co.jp/community/2000/09/28/general/disabled-fight-for-freedom-of-movement/



UP: March 9, 2012 REV: September 27, 2012 October 1, 2012 October 22, 2012, February 20, 2014, April 16, 2015, April 20, 2015
Prepared by HORI Tomohisa & KATAOKA Minoru
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