[Japanese] / [Korean]
This page includes information related to deaf/hard-of-hearing.
If you have any information that is not listed in this page, please e-mail us email@example.com.
■Table of contents
◇ What's New
◇ Japanese Sign Language
◇ Deaf identity
◇ Cochlear implant
◇ Theme-related sites
◇ Newspaper articles
◆KAI Sarasa November 1, 2011 "A Report from the Supportive Activities of Deaf and Hard-of-hearing" http://www.ritsumei-arsvi.org/en/news/read/id/154
◆SAKAMOTO Norihito & SAKURAI Satoshi (Eds.) July 22, 2011 Normative, Policy and Technological Issues of Communication for Deaf and Hard of Hearing People, Report Issued by Research Center for Ars Vivendi of Ritsumeikan University, Vol.16, 254p. ISSN 1882-6539※
◇ Japanese Sign Language
The sign language of the Deaf are natural and visual-spatial languages that are created among the Deaf and transmitted from one generation to the next within their community.
The language used by Deaf community in Japan is Japanese Sign Language. Japanese Sign Language, also known by the acronym "JSL", is the dominant sign language in Japan.
◆NAKAMURA Karen August 2006 Deaf in Japan: Signing And the Politics of Identity Cornell University Press
◆NAKAMURA Karen 2002 "About Japanese Sign Language" Web site: http://www.deaflibrary.org/jsl.html
Since the start of the 21st century in Japan, the following issues are bringing about a revolution in education for deaf and hard-of-hearing children: 1)the identity for the Deaf,2)the spread of newborn hearing screening, and the consequent need to support families with deaf and hard-of-hearing infants, 3)the spread of cochlear implantation among young deaf children and infants,and 4)multifaceted habilitative services for young multiply- handicapped children with hearing problems. Among them, a problem of the identity for the Deaf is very important.
It is appropriate to consider the concept of "Deaf culture" through Japanese sign language which is used by the hearing disabled,people as a manifestation of rearrangement of the values of the culture of normal people's society(Masaki USUI,2001).
・KAI Sarasa & TORIGOE Takashi November 2006 "Deaf Identity: High-School-Level Students at a School for the Deaf" The Japanese Journal of Special Education 44(4), 209-217(Japanese).
The purpose of the present study was to examine the Deaf identity of high school students at schools for the Deaf. A questionnaire was completed by 373 students (147 sophomores, 121 juniors, and 105 seniors). Factor analysis extracted the following 5 factors: Active acceptance of deafness (F1), Resistance and conflict concerning deafness (F2), Anxiety with respect to people who are not deaf (F3), Admiration of the ability to hear (F4), and Admiration of the Deaf (F5). Next, an analysis of variance was performed to examine the relation between the factor scores and the students' background and demographic characteristics, such as gender, family structure, age, and education. Gender and education were significantly related to active acceptance of deafness; family structure was significantly related to resistance and conflict concerning deafness. Gender was significantly related to anxiety with respect to people who are not deaf; age and family structure were significantly related to admiration of the ability to hear; and age was significantly related to admiration of the Deaf. Discussion was concerned with supporting the identity development of students at schools for the Deaf.
For a recent attention problem, People with cochlear implant increase in Japan.
・1993 years: 1,000 people in World ※10th International Conference on Cochlear Implant
・1992 years: 5,000 people (about 30% infants) in World, 161 people (about 10% infants) in Japan
・2003 years: 700,000 people (about 50% infants) in World, 3,000 people (about 30% infants) in Japan
・2007 years: 1,400,000 people (about 50% infants) in World, 5,200 people (about 39% infants) in Japan
・2009 years: 1,570,00 people (World), 5,700 people (Japan)
・2010 years: 2,000,000 people (World), 7,000 people (Japan)
A ratio of child with a cochlear implant compares it with each country in Japan and it was a characteristic to be low, but comes to occupy nearly 40% of people with a cochlear implant now in 2010. It is supposed that a ratio of infant (from period) people with cochlear implant increase than adult (after 18 years old) people with cochlear implant in future.
[References in Japanese]
・「人工内耳あれこれ」 監修：城間将江 人工内耳友の会［ＡＣＩＴＡ］発行http://www.normanet.ne.jp/~acita/info/arekore2.html
・「言語聴覚士テキスト第1版」広瀬肇監修 中村公江著 医歯薬出版株式会社2005年発行
・「言語聴覚士テキスト第2版」広瀬肇監修 熊川孝三著 医歯薬出版株式会社20１１年発行
・「改訂 聴覚障害 I」山田博幸編 倉内紀子著 2007年11月建帛社発行
・「言語聴覚士のための聴覚障害」 喜多村健 編, 栫 博幸著 2010年1月 第6刷発行
・「聴覚障害」日本聴能言語士講習会実行委員会編 加我君孝・城間将江著2010年2月第4刷 協同医書出版社発行
◆Nakamura, Karen 2002 "About Japanese Sign Language." Web site. http://www.deaflibrary.org/jsl.html
◆KAI Sarasa& TORIGOE Takashi November 2006 "Deaf Identity: High-School-Level Students at a School for the Deaf" The Japanese Journal of Special Education 44(4), 209-217(Japanese).
◆USUI Masaki 2001 "Theory of Disabled Culture -Regarding the Compilation of Concepts ofDisabled Culture and Partial Application of the Concept-" Japanese Society for the Study of Social Welfare 42(1),87-100(Japanese).
◆Council on Education of the Deaf (CED)
◆Deaf' (ASL)'s organizations VS Oralists (Deaf)'s organizations (YouTube)
◆Deaf and Hard of Hearing Organizations in the United States
◆Deaf and Hearing Out Reach organization
◆Deaf Organization Links
◆Ghana National Association of the Deaf (GNAD)
◆Global Deaf Connection
◆Global Deaf Muslim
◆Japanese Federation of the Deaf (JFD)
◆Latino Deaf People (Latino Deaf People and Organizations)
◆National Association of the Deaf (NAD)
◆National Association of the Deaf Files Disability Civil Rights Lawsuit Against Netflix
◆Organizations & Agencies (e-Michigan Deaf and Hard of Hearing People)
◆Ontario Association of the Deaf (OAD)
◆Special Needs Education School for the Deaf, University of Tsukuba (School for the Deaf, University of Tsukuba)
◆Swedish Deaf Youth Association
◆The American Association of the Deaf-Blind (AADB)
◆The Deaf Resource Library
◆The Icelandic Association of the Deaf
◆U.S.A. Organizations For Deafblind People
◆September 13, 2011 "Eriko Hiratsuka" (The Japan Times)
◆October 2, 2010 "Sign Language 'Bible' under Major Revision" (The Japan Times)
◆May 4, 2010 "Cyclists Pedaling to Osaka for Hearing-impaired Pupils" (The Japan Times)
◆October 6, 2009 "'Outsider' Shares Unique Take on Life, Prejudices in the 'Real' Japan" (The Japan Times)
◆October 21, 2008 "Access All Areas: Camping Trip Offers No-holds-barred Insight into Disability" (The Japan Times)
◆August 3, 2007 "Disabled Find Jobs as Workforce Shrinks" (The Japan Times)
◆June 16, 2007 "Pioneer Introduces Device to Help Hearing-impaired Feel Concert's Beat" (The Japan Times)
◆April 27, 2007 "Owner in Sign-language Scam Denies Guilt" (The Japan Times)
◆February 15, 2007 "Three Held for Allegedly Swindling Deaf People" (The Japan Times)
◆September 13, 2006 "Integrating Disabled People" (The Japan Times)
◆August 27, 2006 "Teamwork Trounces Deafness" (The Japan Times)
◆September 30, 2004 "Deaf School Phenomenon Points to Innate Language Origins" (The Japan Times)
◆June 11, 2003 "Pastor on 15-year Quest to Record Bible in Sign Language" (The Japan Times)
◆June 11, 2003 "Sign Language Demanded for Deaf Students" (The Japan Times)
◆April 6, 2003 "Sign-language Bible to Be Made for Video, DVD" (The Japan Times)
◆March 5, 2003 "Hearing-impaired Man Strives to Hone Sign Skills, Study at U.S. University" (The Japan Times)
◆August 27, 2002 "Couple with Disabled Girl Hope to Forge Support Unit" (The Japan Times)
◆July 3, 2002 "Program Empowers Disabled Asians" (The Japan Times)
◆May 23, 2002 "Helper Dogs Get Legal Power to Work in Public Facilities" (The Japan Times)
UP:October 12, 2011 REV: October 26, 2011/November 2, 2011/November 10, 2011/November 28, 2011/December 1, 2011
Prepared by KAI Sarasa & KATAOKA Minoru