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Table of contents

What's New
Japanese Sign Language
Deaf Identity
Cochlear Implant
Articles
Theme-related Sites
Newspaper Articles


What's New

KWAK Jeongran June 11, 2015 "Linguistic Rights of the Deaf"

◆Research Center for Ars Vivendi of Ritsumeikan University (Ed.) March 31, 2015 Ars Vivendi Vol.8,Seikatsu Shoin,330p. ISBN-10: 4865000364 ISBN-13: 9784865000368 2200+tax [amazon][kinokuniya] ※

KWAK Jeongran March 1, 2015 "Examining Deaf Education with Japanese Sign Language as a Medium of Instruction" http://www.ritsumei-arsvi.org/en/news/read/id/254

KAI Sarasa November 1, 2011 "A Report from the Supportive Activities of Deaf and Hard-of-hearing" http://www.ritsumei-arsvi.org/en/news/read/id/154

SAKAMOTO Norihito & SAKURAI Satoshi (Eds.) July 22, 2011 Normative, Policy and Technological Issues of Communication for Deaf and Hard of Hearing People, Report Issued by Research Center for Ars Vivendi of Ritsumeikan University, Vol.16, 254p. ISSN 1882-6539※


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Japanese Sign Language

The sign language of the Deaf are natural and visual-spatial languages that are created among the Deaf and transmitted from one generation to the next within their community.
The language used by Deaf community in Japan is Japanese Sign Language. Japanese Sign Language, also known by the acronym "JSL", is the dominant sign language in Japan.

◆NAKAMURA Karen August 2006 Deaf in Japan: Signing And the Politics of Identity Cornell University Press

◆NAKAMURA Karen 2002 "About Japanese Sign Language" Web site: http://www.deaflibrary.org/jsl.html


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Deaf Identity

Since the start of the 21st century in Japan, the following issues are bringing about a revolution in education for deaf and hard-of-hearing children: 1)the identity for the Deaf,2)the spread of newborn hearing screening, and the consequent need to support families with deaf and hard-of-hearing infants, 3)the spread of cochlear implantation among young deaf children and infants,and 4)multifaceted habilitative services for young multiply-handicapped children with hearing problems. Among them, a problem of the identity for the Deaf is very important.
It is appropriate to consider the concept of "Deaf culture" through Japanese sign language which is used by the hearing disabled,people as a manifestation of rearrangement of the values of the culture of normal people's society(Masaki USUI,2001).


KAI Sarasa & TORIGOE Takashi November 2006 "Deaf Identity: High-School-Level Students at a School for the Deaf" The Japanese Journal of Special Education 44(4), 209-217(Japanese).

The purpose of the present study was to examine the Deaf identity of high school students at schools for the Deaf. A questionnaire was completed by 373 students (147 sophomores, 121 juniors, and 105 seniors). Factor analysis extracted the following 5 factors: Active acceptance of deafness (F1), Resistance and conflict concerning deafness (F2), Anxiety with respect to people who are not deaf (F3), Admiration of the ability to hear (F4), and Admiration of the Deaf (F5). Next, an analysis of variance was performed to examine the relation between the factor scores and the students' background and demographic characteristics, such as gender, family structure, age, and education. Gender and education were significantly related to active acceptance of deafness; family structure was significantly related to resistance and conflict concerning deafness. Gender was significantly related to anxiety with respect to people who are not deaf; age and family structure were significantly related to admiration of the ability to hear; and age was significantly related to admiration of the Deaf. Discussion was concerned with supporting the identity development of students at schools for the Deaf.



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Cochlear Implant

For a recent attention problem, People with cochlear implant increase in Japan.

・1993 years: 1,000 people in World ※10th International Conference on Cochlear Implant
・1992 years: 5,000 people (about 30% infants) in World, 161 people (about 10% infants) in Japan
・2003 years: 700,000 people (about 50% infants) in World, 3,000 people (about 30% infants) in Japan
・2007 years: 1,400,000 people (about 50% infants) in World, 5,200 people (about 39% infants) in Japan
・2009 years: 1,570,00 people (World), 5,700 people (Japan)
・2010 years: 2,000,000 people (World), 7,000 people (Japan)

A ratio of child with a cochlear implant compares it with each country in Japan and it was a characteristic to be low, but comes to occupy nearly 40% of people with a cochlear implant now in 2010. It is supposed that a ratio of infant (from period) people with cochlear implant increase than adult (after 18 years old) people with cochlear implant in future.

[References in Japanese]
・フリー百科事典「ウィキペディア」
http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E4%BA%BA%E5%B7%A5%E5%86%85%E8%80%B3
・「人工内耳あれこれ」 監修:城間将江 人工内耳友の会[ACITA]発行http://www.normanet.ne.jp/~acita/info/arekore.html
・「言語聴覚士テキスト第1版」広瀬肇監修 中村公江著 医歯薬出版株式会社2005年発行
・「言語聴覚士テキスト第2版」広瀬肇監修 熊川孝三著 医歯薬出版株式会社2011年発行
・「改訂 聴覚障害 I」山田博幸編 倉内紀子著 2007年11月建帛社発行
・「言語聴覚士のための聴覚障害」 喜多村健 編, 栫 博幸著 2010年1月 第6刷発行
・「聴覚障害」日本聴能言語士講習会実行委員会編 加我君孝・城間将江著2010年2月第4刷 協同医書出版社発行


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Articles

◆Nakamura, Karen 2002 "About Japanese Sign Language." Web site. http://www.deaflibrary.org/jsl.html

KAI Sarasa & TORIGOE Takashi November 2006 "Deaf Identity: High-School-Level Students at a School for the Deaf" The Japanese Journal of Special Education 44(4), 209-217(Japanese).

◆USUI Masaki 2001 "Theory of Disabled Culture -Regarding the Compilation of Concepts ofDisabled Culture and Partial Application of the Concept-" Japanese Society for the Study of Social Welfare 42(1),87-100(Japanese).


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Theme-related Sites

◆Council on Education of the Deaf (CED)
http://www.deafed.net/pagetext.asp?hdnpageid=58

◆Deaf' (ASL)'s organizations VS Oralists (Deaf)'s organizations (YouTube)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=whvcKHYRD2s

◆Deaf and Hard of Hearing Organizations in the United States
http://deafness.about.com/od/deafhohorganizations/Deaf_and_Hard_of_Hearing_Organizations.htm

◆Deaf and Hearing Out Reach organization
http://dhorpdx.blogspot.com/

◆Deaf Linx
http://www.deaflinx.com/Professional/org.html

◇Deaf Organization Links
http://www.whc.net/epcdhh/deaforg.html

◆Ghana National Association of the Deaf (GNAD)
http://gnadgh.org/

◆Global Deaf Connection
http://deafconnection.org/09/

◆Global Deaf Muslim
http://www.globaldeafmuslim.org/

◆Japanese Federation of the Deaf (JFD)
http://www.jfd.or.jp/en/

◆Latino Deaf People (Latino Deaf People and Organizations)
http://deafness.about.com/cs/subcultures/a/hispanic.htm

◆National Association of the Deaf (NAD)
http://www.nad.org/

◆National Association of the Deaf Files Disability Civil Rights Lawsuit Against Netflix
http://www.prweb.com/releases/NAD/Netflix/prweb8576773.htm

◆e-Michigan Deaf and Hard of Hearing People
http://www.michdhh.org/

◆Ontario Association of the Deaf (OAD)
http://www.deafontario.ca/

◆Special Needs Education School for the Deaf, University of Tsukuba (School for the Deaf, University of Tsukuba)
http://www.deaf-s.tsukuba.ac.jp/english2/index.htm

◆Swedish Deaf Youth Association
http://sduf.se/php/english/english.php

◆The American Association of the Deaf-Blind (AADB)
http://www.aadb.org/

◆The Deaf Resource Library
http://www.deaflibrary.org/

◆The Icelandic Association of the Deaf
http://www.deaf.is/english/about

◆U.S.A. Organizations For Deafblind People
http://www.deafblind.com/usa.html



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Newspaper Articles

The Japan Times



UP:October 12, 2011 REV: October 26, 2011/November 2, 2011/November 10, 2011/November 28, 2011/December 1, 2011/March 2, 2015/April 6, 2015/June 15, 2015/July 23, 2018
Prepared by KAI Sarasa & KATAOKA Minoru
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