◎OverDrive Announces Streaming Video and Audio Services for Libraries and Schools （OverDrive 2013/1/22付けの記事） http://www.overdrive.com/News/OverDrive-Announces-Streaming-Video-and-Audio-Services-for-Libraries-and-Schools
◇人文・社会科学系のオープンアクセスメガジャーナルを目指して “Open Library of Humanities”が正式発足
2013年1月18日、PLOSをモデルとした人文・社会科学系のオープンアクセスメガジャーナルを目指す“PLOHSS”が、“Open Library of Humanities”（OLH）の名前で正式にプロジェクトを立ち上げました。
◎Launching the Project (Open Library of Humanities 2013/1/18付けの記事) http://www.openlibhums.org/2013/01/18/test-news-post/
◎Open Library of Humanitiesのプレスリリース http://www.openlibhums.org/media/press-release/
◇HathiTrust Riches Unlocked?
（21 January 2013 ACD Blog, by IFLA Acquisition & Collection Development Section）
It’s a whole new world for digital access, a round table of fair-use experts agree.
The constitutionality of digital fair use was upheld this past October, when US District Court Judge Harold Baer summarily dismissed the Authors Guild’s year-old lawsuit against the HathiTrust library collaborative to block the use of its growing repository of millions of full-text book scans. Calling the project “the enduring work of libraries,” HathiTrust Executive Director John Wilkin told American Libraries the organization continues to plan “more and better” uses of its scanned content. An appeal is pending. Meantime, blogerati Karen Coyle, Barbara Fister, and James Grimmelmann shared with AL how they see this decision shaping the future of sharing digitally preserved print materials.
（2013年01月18日 13時27分 ITmedia eBook USER）
Frankfurt Book Fair事務局が運営する出版業界ニュースサイト「Publishing Perspectives」によると、米国ニューヨーク市内で今週開催された電子書籍業界カンファレンス「Digital Book World 2013」で出版社の直販戦略について熱い議論が交わされた。
記事によると、公開議論に参加したのはHoughton Mifflin Harcourtなど大手3社の代表。その中で、英国の出版プロダクション大手Quarto Group CEOのマーカス・リーバー氏は出版社による電子書籍の台頭により、「出版社の一般書店への売上依存率は急速に減り、2014年に15％程度になるだろう」と予言。Amazonへの依存度を少しでも低めるため、今年は各出版社が電子書籍の直販戦略に着手する年になるだろうと予想している。
フランス国立図書館（BNF）が所蔵資料のデジタル化に関して民間企業2社とパートナーシップを結んだと現地紙で報じられています。デジタル化対象資料と提携先企業は、1470年〜1700年に出版された7万冊のフランス語書籍をデジタル化するProQuest社および、20万枚のレコードをデジタル化するBelieve Digital and Memnon Archiving Services社ということです。
◎Deux nouveaux partenariats de numerisation des collections de la BNF（leParisien.fr 2013/1/15付け記事） http://www.leparisien.fr/flash-actualite-culture/deux-nouveaux-partenariats-de-numerisation-des-collections-de-la-bnf-15-01-2013-2483639.php
◎Numerisation a la BnF : Google et la British Library, plus respectueux（ActuaLitte 2013/1/16付け記事） http://www.actualitte.com/acteurs-numeriques/numerisation-a-la-bnf-google-et-la-british-library-plus-respectueux-39634.htm
◎French Government and National Library of France (BNF) Announce New Partnerships to Digitize Books and Recordings（LJ INFOdocket 2013/1/15付け記事） http://www.infodocket.com/2013/01/15/french-government-and-national-library-of-france-bnf-announce-new-partnerships-to-digitize-books-and-recordings/
◇Why Wool Author Hugh Howey Didn’t Sell His Ebook Rights
（January 17, 2013 Digital Book World）
Wool author Hugh Howey struck it big in a deal with Simon & Schuster late last year that saw him collect a seven-figure advance for just the print publishing rights to his hit best-seller.
As it turns out, well before his deal with a traditional publisher, he was raking in $150,000 a month in income for his self-published ebooks. It was a tough sell, given those numbers, for any publisher to be able to buy the rights to publish his book.
According to Howey’s agent Kristin Nelson, the reason was the percentage of ebook royalties that publishers offer and the terms of the contract that determine when a book’s rights revert back to authors.
In May of 2012, Nelson and Howey had conversations with publishers in which they brought up these sticking points. While the conversations were valuable, Nelson and Howey said at the Digital Book World Conference + Expo, they didn’t lead to a deal and, Nelson said, it didn’t seem like the publishers were really listening.
In Oct., Wool was a Kindle Daily Deal and sold 20,000 copies in a day. Nelson brought this data to publishers who seemed, she said, to be listening a little more closely. A deal to acquire just the print rights to Wool from Simon & Schuster soon followed.
Howey an Altruist?
An interesting anecdote from Howey: At some point on his road to success with Wool, Howey began to receive complaints from readers who had Nook and other non-Amazon devices that they couldn’t get his books. Howey had up until that point been part of the Kindle Select program, which meant that he received certain promotional considerations on the Kindle platform but was not allowed to offer his book on other platforms.
Responding to these complaints, Howey opted out of the Kindle Select program even though it meant less revenue from book sales for him.
At some point, he said, when you’re making enough money, you want to please your customers.
◇Baker & Taylor Adds Audiobook Capabilities to Axis 360 Library Platform
（January 17, 2013 Digital Book World）
Baker & Taylor, the world’s largest distributor of digital and physical books and entertainment products, announced the launch of its innovative Acoustik audiobook service for the Axis 360 digital media platform, enabling library patrons to borrow and download digital audiobooks directly to their Apple and Android mobile devices. The free Acoustik audiobook app is powered by Findaway World, LLC, an innovative, industry leader in audiobook distribution.
Acoustik audiobooks provide Axis 360-enabled libraries with instant access to more than 25,000 new release and best-selling backlist audiobook titles, offering a diverse and extensive collection, as well as a simple and convenient way for patrons to download and listen on the go.
Baker & Taylor continues to innovate and broaden its digital services, enabling libraries to meet rising demand for electronic content in their communities, and to create easy-to-use systems for patrons who want to enjoy reading and listening on the devices that they carry with them every day.
“The addition of Acoustik audiobooks to Axis 360 is another major step in Baker & Taylor’s ongoing mission to provide next-generation digital services to libraries, and to provide patrons with multiple formats on one user-friendly platform,” says George Coe, President of Library & Education at Baker & Taylor. “To help libraries serve all the interests of their communities, we continue to innovate and expand our offerings. Our partnership with Findaway World introduces a new audiobook service to the market and ensures patrons have access to the content they want ? whether they want to hear it or read it.”
Acoustik audiobook titles are available now for Axis 360-enabled public, government and academic libraries to order and add to their existing digital collections on Axis 360.
“We are proud to partner with Baker & Taylor to introduce our digital download technology into the library space,” said Mitch Kroll, co-founder and CEO of Findaway World. “We are energized that patrons can now access our comprehensive catalog of audiobooks on their own devices ? whenever and wherever they want to listen.”
The Acoustik audiobook app is free to download and available for iPhones, iPads and iPod Touch through Apple’s App Store and for Android Smartphones and tablet devices through Google Play (formerly Android Market). Acoustik audiobook apps for additional operating systems will be announced later this year.
◇Ebook Market Maturing, Book Industry Study Group Says
（January 17, 2013 Digital Book World）
More ebook readers have kept their ebook buying behavior steady for some time as sales of print books have started to level off after years of decreases, according to new data from the Book Industry Study Group.
“The ebook market is maturing and becoming more predictable,” said Len Vlahos, the executive director of BISG, speaking at the Digital Book World Conference + Expo.
In 2012, growth in ebooks did not eclipse triple-digit percentages versus the previous year for the first time since 2008, according to the latest numbers from the Association of American Publishers.
Others at the conference echoed Vlahos’ message.
“We’re at the end of the first act” of the ebook revolution, said president of New York-based literary agency Writers House Simon Lipskar later in the conference.
“Like any innovation cycle, you have the disruption, then some stability, then the second wave,” said Chantal Restivo-Alessi, chief digital officer of HarperCollins.
Forbes誌に、図書館の電子書籍市場における役割についてのコラム（2回シリーズ）の第2回目として、“Why Public Libraries Matter: And How They Can Do More”と題するコラムが掲載されています。マーケティングにおいて経験を有するDavid Vinjamuri氏による論考です。
出版者が図書館の役割を過小評価していること、公共図書館は将来本の発見のローカルセンターとなるであろうことなどを指摘した上で、電子書籍市場において、米国デジタル公共図書館（Digital Public Library of America）等に見られる協同購入等を特徴とするモデルの重要性や、インディーズ出版における本の発見において図書館の果たし得る役割について議論を展開しているようです。
◎Why Public Libraries Matter: And How They Can Do More(Forbes 2013/1/16付け) http://www.forbes.com/sites/davidvinjamuri/2013/01/16/why-public-libraries-matter-and-how-they-can-do-more/
◎Marketing Pro Discusses Public Libraries in New Forbes Blog Post(infoDOCKET 2013/1/16付け) http://www.infodocket.com/2013/01/16/marketing-pro-talks-public-libraries-in-new-forbes-blog-post/
◇Does Piracy Hurt Digital Content Sales? Yes
（January 16, 2013 by Jeremy Greenfield Digital Book World）
People who pirate digital content wouldn’t have bought it if it wasn’t available for free. Publishers can’t do anything about pirates anyway. And, besides, piracy doesn’t hurt ebook and other digital content sales.
All myths, according to Michael D. Smith, professor of information technology and marketing at Carnegie Mellon University, speaking at the Digital Book World Conference + Expo.
For the four oft-cited studies that have shown that piracy doesn’t hurt digital content sales, there are 25 that say that it does, for instance, said Smith.
Further, publishers should adopt two major strategies in combating piracy: Make their content available online and use anti-piracy laws.
Publishers can and do compete with pirated versions of their content available for free, said Smith, citing studies of major television networks adding content to legitimate distributors lowering demand for piracy of that material. When ABC added its content to Hulu, incidences of piracy of ABC content decreased 37%.
In another example, Smith cited an anonymous publisher that selectively windowed its ebook and print book titles to see if releasing the digital version after the print version would result in increased sales for the print version. Sales of print copies increased by 0.4% ? but ebook sales decreased by 52% and overall sales dropped by 22%, presumably because of piracy.
Anti-piracy efforts also reduce incidences of piracy. Smith studied the effects of anti-piracy laws in France and of the take-down of piracy site Megaupload. In the case of the anti-piracy laws in France, conversation about the laws and then their implementation helped boost digital content sales by anywhere between 5% and 30%, depending on the content. And the shutdown of Megaupload coincided with reduced instances of piracy across multiple countries.
Not all stakeholders, however, care so much about ebook piracy.
“I love pirates. I get money from them all the time,” said the best-selling author of Wool, Hugh Howey, who will be speaking later at the Digital Book World Conference + Expo on his success story. “They send me money thanking me because they loved my book. I sometimes go onto torrent sites and if I don’t see my book there I feel bad because it means I’m not in demand.”
◇Overdrive: Readers Turn to Libraries for Ebook Discovery
（January 15, 2013 Digital Book World）
Readers browsing eBook and audiobook collections at OverDrive-powered libraries and schools viewed 2.7 billion book and title catalog pages and generated 192 million registered visitor sessions last year. As more readers visit their library’s digital collection to find their next great read, the digital library has become a critical hub of book discovery. Across OverDrive’s network of 22,000 libraries and schools, browsing and sampling skyrocketed in 2012, giving fresh exposure to titles throughout OverDrive’s catalog of more than 1 million eBooks and audiobooks. To find a library near you, visit search.overdrive.com.
“As a result of the continued expansion of OverDrive’s library service platform and the addition of over 300,000 titles, including Harry Potter and other bestsellers, digital libraries saw record traffic last year,”
said Shannon Lichty, OverDrive’s Manager of Library Partner Services. “For decades, readers have turned to the library to discover new books, and OverDrive’s new responsive library platform is based on web-centric open standards to carry that tradition to the next generation of readers.” For an example of OverDrive’s Next Generation services, visit Los Angeles Public Library’s e-Media site (http://lapl.lib.overdrive.com).
192 million registered visitor sessions, up 93 percent from 2011
2.7 billion book and title catalog pages viewed, up 65 percent
Sampling is up more than 500 percent, with a significant spike following the release of OverDrive Read samples in Sept. 2012
Discovery has increased by more than 60 percent, with more than 1 billion cover image impressions in Dec. 2012
OverDrive catalog now includes 1 million eBook, audiobook, music and video titles in 65 languages, including 300,000 titles added in 2012
Mobile visits increased to 47 percent of all visits
16 million downloads of the OverDrive Media Console app in 2012
70 million digital titles checked out in 2012
At the American Library Association Midwinter Meeting (Washington State Convention Center, Booth 1115) in Seattle, Jan. 25 to 28, OverDrive will share additional eBook data and demonstrate how reader engagement is soaring at Next Generation libraries. The Cleveland-based digital distributor is pioneering a series of Next Generation enhancements that extend the value of its industry-leading eBook-lending platform.
Currently in pilot at 35 public libraries, OverDrive’s Next Generation websites streamline the digital library experience with One-Step Checkout?, a powerful search engine, and the new HTML5-powered, instant-access eBook-reading technology OverDrive Read. In 2013, OverDrive will also implement streaming audio and video technology and release additional APIs that enable libraries to fully integrate digital and print catalogs.
OverDrive offers a catalog of more than 1 million eBooks and audiobooks with support for all major computers and devices, including iPhoneR, iPadR, NookR, Android? phones and tablets, and KindleR (U.S. only). To find a library near you, visit search.overdrive.com.
◇National Federation of the Blind Comments on Belgian Euthanasia of Deaf Men Losing Sight
（Tuesday, January 15, 2013 National Federation of the Blind）
Dr. Marc Maurer, President of the National Federation of the Blind, said: “This disturbing news from Belgium is a stark example of the common, and in this case tragic, misunderstanding of disability and its consequences. Adjustment to any disability is difficult, and deaf-blind people face their own particular challenges, but from at least the time of Helen Keller it has been known that these challenges can be met, and the technology and services available today have vastly improved prospects for the deaf-blind and others with disabilities. That these men wanted to die is tragic; that the state sanctioned and aided their suicide is frightening.”
The National Federation of the Blind needs your support to ensure that blind children get an equal education, to connect blind veterans with the training and services they need, and to help seniors who are losing vision continue to live independent and fulfilling lives. To make a donation, please go to www.nfb.org.
◇Audiobooks.com Switches to Audible’s Pay Model
（JAN 15, 2013 By Paul Biba Good E-Reader）
We often forget that audiobooks are part of the ebook hierarchy. Amazon’s Audible is the biggest player in this market and has been around for years. Last year, however, Audiobooks.com started up with a new payment model. It charged $24.95 to listen to an unlimited number of audiobooks from the catalog. This was different from Audible’s “credit” model, which, generally, resulted in a payment of $14.95 per book. At that time, Audiobooks.com said that its plan was better because there was “… no need to return audiobooks, no long-term contracts, and no time constraints on audiobook use”.
That has changed, however. Audiobooks.com has just changed its plan to match Audible: $14.95 for one audiobook per month and $22.95 for two audiobooks per month. According to paidContent, Audiobooks.com felt that it was alienating customers by only offering a high-end plan and, given the length of an audiobook, few customers can make use of an unlimited plan.
So why bother with Audiobooks.com when Audible is so much bigger (100,000 titles at Audible vs. 25,000 titles at Audiobooks.com)? Good question. The main difference, now, seems to be that Audiobooks.com offers streaming and Audible does not. It doesn’t seem to me that this is much of a raison d’etre. Streaming will eat up a user’s data plan as audiobooks are hours long. Only a mobile user has much use for streaming, and streaming may not be completely reliable when the user is moving about. To remain competitive, Audiobooks.com will need to come up with a better distinction than this.
◇Is Open Access Finally on the Ascendancy?
（15 January 2013 ACD Blog, by IFLA Acquisition & Collection Development Section）
This may be the year for reality to catch up with rhetoric. For more than a decade, advocates and some funding agencies have been proselytizing for open access, frequently pledging that all of their work is going to be rendered open to all. And yet, the beast remains untamed. Just try sitting at your home computer, shorn of your university’s online journal subscriptions, and attempt to access the literature on a problem of interest, and see how far you get.
オランダの大手出版社De Arbeiderspers/A. W. Bruna Uitgevers（AP/AWB）が、2013年1月18日より、販売する全ての電子書籍をDRMフリーにし、代わりに電子透かしを導入すると発表しました。ただし、AppleのiBookstoreで販売しているものを除くということです。同社は現在ポール・オースターの作品などを含む1,200タイトルの電子書籍を販売しており、2013年にはその数を拡大していく予定ということです。
◎Alle e-books van AP/AWB nu voor iedereen toegankelijk http://www.awbruna.nl/web/A.W.-Bruna/Nieuws/Artikel/Alle-ebooks-van-APAWB-nu-voor-iedereen-toegankelijk.htm
◎Major Dutch publisher abandons DRM（The Bookseller 2013/1/14付け記事） http://www.thebookseller.com/news/major-dutch-publisher-abandons-drm.html
◇Fighting Digital Piracy Means More ebook Sales
（January 14, 2013 by Arthur Klebanoff Digital Book World）
All of us in the ebook community know intuitively that digital piracy is a large and growing problem. But how much do we actually know about it?
If you search online for a popular title, you are likely to find several examples of unauthorized free downloads. If you send “takedown” notices to those sites, you may do reasonably well stopping the free download for the title ? at least for a while.
Is this how to measure the extent of digital piracy and how to enforce against it? Unfortunately, the answer is an emphatic no.
If someone adept at searching can find, say, ten unauthorized sites, a sophisticated Web based service might find hundreds of such sites. Even if you could locate the illegal sites (which you can’t), compliance with takedown notices will be limited. The cost of issuing a blizzard of takedown notices and the follow up will be prohibitive.
Sooner rather than later the illegal practices will be back in full force. A core problem is ongoing enforcement.
On one agent project, a prominent publisher spent over $100,000 with an excellent law firm trying to clean up extensive digital piracy. They were successful ? but only for a short period of time. Of course, the interest in spending the next $100,000 to protect one property just wasn’t there.
So what do you as publisher, as agent or as author do?
At RosettaBooks, we retained Attributor (Digimarc Attributor’s Guardian software) to protect our entire ebook catalog. In the early months, the number of successful takedowns was very large, particularly for bestselling titles, since this was the first enforcement. Even more interesting, the number of takedowns in later months was steady ? without the service the same level of piracy would have been back within a few months.
Working with our colleagues at Digimarc Guardian, we wrote a case study which highlights how we track some of our bestselling titles against the takedown experience. Please click here to read it for yourself. What we found was that those titles grew in sales faster than our catalog as a whole and much faster than industry averages. Those readers who find the illegal sites downloading titles for free are also the best targeted readers to download the titles for money if the free experience is no longer available. If you’re interested in learning more, I will be presenting on this topic at this week’s Digital Book World event. The case study presentation is Thursday, January 17th at 10 AM. I would enjoy seeing you there!
Early on RosettaBooks committed to full catalog protection. Agents and authors should be demanding of their publishers that they all commit to full catalog protection. It is a fiduciary responsibility to the author for all titles, print and digital. Enforcement will yield economic benefits to the publisher and the author.
◇Ophan Works: Library Copyrights Alliance Submits Comments to US Copyright Office
（January 14, 2012 ACD Blog, by IFLA Acquisition & Collection Development Section）
≪ Read about ACD’s Electronic resource guide in the Finnish press!Aaron Swartz Obituary ≫
LCA Submits Comments to US Copyright Office Regarding Orphan Works NOI
The Library Copyright Alliance (LCA) filed comments (PDF) with the US Copyright Office in response to their October 22, 2012, Notice of Inquiry (NOI) about the current state of play with orphan works and mass digitization. The Copyright Office is seeking comments on orphan works regarding “what has changed in the legal and business environments during the past few years that might be relevant to a resolution of the problem and what additional legislative, regulatory, or voluntary solutions deserve deliberation.”
◇「私たちはまだ図書館を必要としているのか？」 New York Timesによる問題提起とそれへの応答
2012年12月27日に米New York Timesが“Libraries See Opening as Bookstores Close”という記事を掲載しています。記事は、地域の書店が閉店するなかで、公共図書館がこれまで書店の担っていた役割を引き継ぐべく、以前よりも利用者中心のサービスを実施するようになったことを紹介したものです。
そしてNew York Timesは、この記事に基づいて、このような方向性は正しいのか、図書館は何のためのもので、どのようにあるべきなのかと、図書館のあり方について問題提起をしています。同紙のウェブサイト“Room for Debate”には、これに寄せられた図書館員等からの議論が掲載されています。
◎Do We Still Need Libraries? (New York Timesの“Room for Debate”) http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2012/12/27/do-we-still-need-libraries
◎Libraries See Opening as Bookstores Close (New York Times 2012/12/27付けの記事) http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/28/us/libraries-try-to-update-the-bookstore-model.html
◇Author Services Site Lulu Moves Toward DRM-Free; But Is It What Authors Want?
（January 9, 2013 by Jeremy Greenfield Digital Book World）
Self-publishing site Lulu has announced that it will no longer offer digital rights management (DRM) as an option for its authors for books created and sold on Lulu (for books created on Lulu and sold elsewhere, they will still be subject to DRM; also, hat-tip to Laura Owen at paidContent).
While well-informed readers and much of the digerati in the book publishing world are anti-DRM and may be lauding this move as another chink in the armor of DRM. Add it to other recent developments:
June: Macmillan announced it would sell DRM-free books directly to readers through its store at Tor.com
June: IPG-distributed publishers decide to sell DRM-free in the wake of an Amazon lockout
Oct.: HarperCollins dabbles in DRM-free ebooks through a social reading experiment
Oct.: A wave of anti-DRM sentiment briefly sweeps readers in the wake of a story (that turned out to be a bit overblown) about an Amazon customer who lost her library
Nov.: Wiley decides to sell 3,000 of its titles DRM-free through the O’Reilly DRM-free ebook store
But what do authors ? Lulu’s customers ? think?
According to a recent survey conducted by Digital Book World and Writer’s Digest (also owned by F+W Media) of nearly 5,000 authors, Lulu might have made a mistake. More than any other position, authors are generally in favor of DRM.
We asked them the following question:
What should be done about Digital Rights Management (DRM) software? [DRM is technology that limits access to files and is used by hardware manufacturers, publishers, and other copyright holders to limit the use of digital content. DRM prevents consumers from making as many copies of an ebook as they want and then giving them away.]
And gave them the following choices (% for each answer in parentheses):
DRM should be strengthened ? ebook piracy is a problem that should be combated aggressively (32%)
DRM should be left alone ? it’s fine the way it is (11%)
DRM should be changed ? it needs to be more flexible to allow more readers to share ebooks (16%)
DRM should be abolished ? it prevents readers from sharing books and it doesn’t prevent piracy (11%)
No opinion (30%)
About a third of authors are for actually strengthening DRM (red bar) and a total of 43% want it either strengthened or left alone. Only 11% want what Lulu has given them.
When you look at which kinds of authors (aspiring, self-published, traditionally published, both self- and traditionally published and all published [meaning adding up the latter three categories]) have what position, “aspiring” authors (those who haven’t published a book in any form) are least in favor of strengthening DRM at 29%. Of all published authors, 35% want it strengthened, with 39% of traditionally published authors holding that view.
That said, outside of the view that it should be strengthened (or no opinion at all), the second most-popular view was that it should be changed to be more flexible. Abolishing DRM was among the least popular views ? except, surprisingly, among authors who have been both self-published and traditionally published. Nearly a quarter of them wanted it abolished.
At Digital Book World Conference + Expo next week, in a session entitled The Authors’ View of the Industry we will be presenting the findings of our author survey, including the answer to questions about how much authors blog and use social media, what their goals are in writing, what they think of agents, ebooks in libraries, publishers and more! Register here.
（2013年 1月 08日 19:06 JST By NICHOLAS CARR WSJ.com）
そのようなペーパーバックは最も読み捨てしやすく、当初からそれを想定して作られている。さっと読めて、読み終えたらもう手元に置いておく必要のない本だ。中には読んでいるのを見られると少し恥ずかしい内容のものもあり、そのような本は他人にタイトルが見られることのない電子書籍で読む方がなおさらいい。電子書籍が存在しなければ、官能小説『Fifty Shades of Grey』が爆発的にヒットすることも恐らくなかっただろう。
OverDrive社の（次世代型）電子書籍サービスを導入している米国の公共図書館で、電子書籍の貸出回数がクリスマスの日に史上最多を記録したと同社が発表しています。特に、iPad、Kindle Fire、Android端末などによる利用が劇的な伸びを見せたということです。そのような図書館の例として、Cuyahoga County Public Library、Pioneer Library System、Hennepin County Library、Mid-Continent Public Libraryという4つの図書館（システム）の貸出回数グラフが紹介されています。例えば、Cuyahoga County Public Libraryについては、クリスマス・イヴには1,760回だったのが、クリスマス当日には2,810回になっています。The Digital Shift誌の記事では、クリスマスに電子書籍リーダーやタブレット端末を入手した利用者が多かったのではないかと推測が述べられています。
◎Next Generation Libraries Generate Record eBook Traffic on Christmas（OverDrive 2012/12/26付けブログ記事） http://overdriveblogs.com/library/2012/12/26/next-generation-libraries-generate-record-ebook-traffic-on-christmas/
◎OverDrive, 3M kick off 2013 with Promising Ebook Developments（The Digital Shift 2013/1/3付け記事） http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2013/01/ebooks/overdrive-3m-kick-off-2013-with-promising-ebook-developments/
◇Will Gutenberg laugh last?
（JANUARY 1, 2013 ROUGH TYPE）
It has been taken on faith by many, including your benighted scribe, that the future of book publishing is digital, that the e-book will displace the printed codex as the dominant form of the dominant artifact of modern culture. There have been differing views about how fast the shift will happen (quite a few people believe, mistakenly, that it has already happened), and thoughts have varied as well on the ultimate fate of printed books?whether they’ll disappear entirely or eke out a meager living in a mildewed market niche. But the consensus has been that digitization, having had its way with music and newspapers and magazines and photographs and etc., would in due course have its way with books as well.
In my last post, on the triumph of the tablet over the e-reader, I noted the release of a new Pew study on Americans’ reading habits. The title of the report ? “E-book Reading Jumps; Print Book Reading Declines” ? nicely encapsulates, and reinforces, the common wisdom. But if you dig deeper into its pages, you find indications that the picture is not as clear-cut as that title suggests. For one thing, the printed book remains, by far, the preferred format for American book readers. Fully 89 percent of them report that they read at least one printed book over the preceding 12 months. Only 30 percent say they read at least one e-book ? a percentage that, perhaps tellingly, has increased by only a single point since last February, when the survey was last conducted. The study did find that the percentage of American adults who read e-books increased over the past year, while the percentage that read printed books fell, but the changes are modest. E-book readers rose from 16 percent to 23 percent, while printed book readers declined from 72 percent to 67 percent. (The survey’s margin of error is 2.3 percent.) Yes, there’s an ongoing change in reading habits, but it no longer looks like a sea change.
A lot of other data came out during the course of 2012 that also suggests that (a) the growth in e-book sales has slowed substantially and (b) print sales are holding up pretty well. At a conference in March, Bowker released market research showing that, even though just 20 percent of American web users have actually purchased an e-book, e-book sales growth has already “slowed dramatically” from the explosive levels of the last few years and is now settling down at an “incremental” rate. There are, reports Bowker, signs of “some level of saturation” in the e-book market, and, strikingly, the heaviest buyers of e-books are now buying more, not fewer, printed books. The Association of American Publishers recently reported that annual growth in adult e-book sales dropped to 34 percent during the first half of 2012, a sharp falloff from the triple digit gains of the previous few years. As of August, e-book sales represented 21 percent of total sales of adult trade books. While e-book sales seem to be eating away at mass-market paperback sales, which have been falling at around a 20 percent annual clip, hardcover sales appear to be holding steady, increasing at about a 2 percent annual rate.
Big publishers have also been reporting a sharp slowdown in e-book sales growth, with a Macmillan representative saying last month that “our e-book business has been softer of late, particularly for the last few weeks, even as the number of reading devices continues to grow.” It’s hardly a surprise that the growth rate of e-books is dropping as the sales base expands ? indeed, it’s inevitable ? but the recent decline seems considerably more abrupt than expected.
Children’s e-books were growing at a strong 250 percent clip early last year (from a much lower base), but printed children’s books were also showing strong growth, with hardcover sales rising at an annual rate of nearly 40 percent. In fact, the total sales growth of printed children’s books exceeded that of electronic copies. Meanwhile, printed books showed strong sales over the holidays, with unit sales in the U.S. up 5 percent over 2011 levels. In the U.K., sales of printed books reached their highest level in three years during the week before Christmas. Combine all these numbers with the fact that sales of dedicated e-readers are falling sharply, and suddenly it seems possible that reports of the death of the codex may have been exaggerated.
So why might e-books fall short of expectations? Here are some possibilities:
1. We may be discovering that e-books are well suited to some types of books (like genre fiction) but not well suited to other types (like nonfiction and literary fiction) and are well suited to certain reading situations (plane trips) but less well suited to others (lying on the couch at home). The e-book may turn out to be more a complement to the printed book, as audiobooks have long been, rather than an outright substitute.
2. The early adopters, who tend also to be the enthusiastic adopters, have already made their move to e-books. Further converts will be harder to come by, particularly given the fact that 59 percent of American book readers say they have “no interest” in e-books, according to the Bowker report.
3. The advantages of printed books have been underrated, while the advantages of e-books have been overrated.
4. The early buyers of e-readers quickly filled them with lots of books, most of which have not been read. The motivation to buy more e-books may be dissipating as a result. Novelty fades.
5. The shift from e-readers to tablets is putting a damper on e-book sales. With dedicated readers, pretty much the only thing you can do is buy and read books. With tablets, you have a whole lot of other options. (To put it another way: On an e-reader, the e-reading app is always running. On a tablet, it isn’t.)
6. E-book prices have not fallen the way many expected. There’s not a big price difference between an e-book and a paperback. (It’s possible, suggests one industry analyst, that Amazon is seeing a plateau in e-book sales and so is less motivated to take a loss on them for strategic reasons.)
None of this means that, in the end, e-books won’t come to dominate book sales. My own sense is that they probably will. But, as we enter 2013, I’m considerably less confident in that prediction than I was a few years back, when, in the wake of the initial Kindle surge, e-book sales were growing at 200 or 300 percent annually. At the very least, it seems like the transition from print to electronic will take a lot longer than people expected. Don’t close that Gutenberg parenthesis just yet.
UPDATE: A new version of this post was published as an article in the January 5 edition of the Wall Street Journal with the headline “Don’t Burn Your Books ? Print Is Here to Stay.” (The headline writer is a bit more definitive in his assessment than I am, but that’s not unusual.)
◇Pew: More Patrons Using Mobile Devices to Access Library Websites
（December 31, 2012 By Matt Enis The Digital Shift）
Thirteen percent of people aged 16 and older in the United States have used a mobile device to visit a library website or otherwise access library services, according to a national survey by the Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project. This percentage has more than doubled since 2009 the report notes, citing an earlier survey conducted by researchers at the University of Washington.
In response to the growing popularity of tablets and smartphones, libraries have been making an effort to ensure that the services they offer online will work on mobile devices, said Sarah Houghton, director of the San Rafael Public Library and advisor for this study.
“In the past couple of years, more librarians have become vocal to vendors about services that don’t work on mobile or don’t work very well on mobile…saying, if you don’t have a version that works on tablets, we’re not going to subscribe next year,” she said.
People most likely to have connected to a library website using a mobile device included parents of young children (19%), women (16%), and college graduates (21%).
While 13 percent may sound low in communities with high levels of mobile adoption, Houghton said that the figure sounds about right for a national average.
The survey also found that 39 percent of Americans ages 16 and older had visited a library’s website using either a desktop computer or mobile device at any point in the past. These website visits were also led by parents (46%), women (44%), and people with college educations (60%).
And, one quarter of Americans 16 and older said that they had visited a library website at least once during the past year. Of that group, nine percent reported visiting the site at least once per week, 15 percent said they visited the site several times per month, and 27 percent said they went at least once per month.
The most popular reasons for visiting the website, using any means of access, included searching the library’s catalog for books and other materials (82%), getting basic information such as branch locations an hours of operation (72%), reserving books and other materials (62%), renewing books (51%), using an online database (51%), looking for information about library programs or special events (48%), or getting research or homework help (44%).
Check here for additional thoughts on this data from infoDOCKET’s Gary Price.
◇Apple iBooks Dominating eBook Market in Brazil
（DEC 30 2012 By Michael Kozlowski eBook USER）
The Brazilian market has been a focal point of many companies that specialize in digital books. In recent months, Amazon, Kobo, and Google have jumped into the fray, hoping to capture a piece of one of the world’s largest markets. You may not hear a ton of news about the iBookstore in Brazil, but Apple is currently dominating the market.
Many industry analysts are very surprised by Apple’s success in Brazil. It charges all ebooks in USA dollars and an extra 6% tax on all transactions. Part of the reason why the company sells so many books is because of the proliferation of the iPad and iPhone. The Kobo Touch sells for close to $250.00 via the retail partners. Amazon is seeing lackluster success because the Kindle is only available through third party resellers. The e-reader market is fairly underwhelming as a whole, because of the prohibitive costs. It is easier for the average customer to just buy an iPad.
[連載] 植木 真の「JIS X 8341-3:2010 『逆引き』徹底解説」
第8回：JIS X 8341-3:2010 入門 ＜その8＞ 附属書
Kindle (Amazon)/Nook (Barns And Noble)/iBooks (Apple)/Google Play Books (Google)などいろいろある電子書籍のレポート
（2012/12/28 小久保 重信＝ニューズフロント ITpro）
米国の調査機関Pew Research Centerが現地時間2012年12月27日に公表した調査結果によると、過去1年間に電子書籍を読んだことがある米国人の割合は23％となり、1年前に行った調査から7ポイント増えた。これに対し、同期間に印刷書籍を読んだという人の割合は67％で、1年前から5ポイント減った。
電子書籍による読書が増えた時期と、その閲覧端末の普及が進んだ時期は一致するとPew Research Centerは指摘する。2012年10〜11月の調査結果では、米Amazon.comの「Kindle」や米Barnes ＆ Nobleの「NOOK」といった書籍専用端末を所有している米国人の割合は19％で、1年前の10％からほぼ2倍に増えた。また、米Appleの「iPad」やAmazonの「Kindle Fire」などのタブレット端末を所有している人は25％で、同10％から2.5倍に増えた。
（2012年12月27日 14時30分 更新 ITmedia eBook USER by Paul Biba，Good e-Reader Blog）
Apple、Amazon、Kobo、Barnes & Nobleの成功に目を向けてほしい。共通しているのは何だろうか。
◇More Americans E-Reading, Increasingly on Tablets, Pew Says
（December 27, 2012 Digital Book World）
More Americans are reading ebooks than ever before, according to a new study.
Nearly a quarter of Americans read an ebook in the last year, up from 16% a year ago, according to a study released today by the Pew Internet and American Life project. The increase coincides with an increase of e-reading device ownership as illustrated in the chart below:
Libraries have seen an increase in ebook borrowing, according to the study. Some 5% of Americans borrowed an ebook this year versus 3% last year.
◎WIPO Advances Toward Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works by Persons with Print Disabilities（DAISY Consortium 2012/12/21付けニュース） http://www.daisy.org/node/18727
◎WIPO Advances Toward Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works by Persons with Print Disabilities, Morocco Offers to Host Diplomatic Conference（WIPO 2012/12/18付けプレスリリース） http://www.wipo.int/pressroom/en/articles/2012/article_0026.html
◎Landmark WIPO Decision: Will 2013 be the 'Year of the Treaty'?（DAISY Consortium） http://www.daisy.org/planet-2012-12#a1
◎出版物へのプリントディスアビリティのある人々によるアクセスを促進する条約に向けてWIPOが前進、モロッコが外交会議主催を申し出る（DINF 2012/12/28付け掲載情報） http://www.dinf.ne.jp/doc/japanese/access/copyright/wipo_121218.html
2012年12月20日、英国政府が、知的財産制度の見直しに関する“Moderninsing Copyright: A modern, robust and flexible framework”というレポートを公表しました。英国政府は、カーディフ大学のハーグリーブズ（Ian Hargreaves）教授が2011年5月に公表したレポートに対して、その回答となる文書を同年8月に発表していました（E1206参照）。今回のレポートもこの流れに位置づけられるものです。
・引用（Quotation and news reporting）
・パロディ（Parody, caricature and pastiche）
・研究および私的学習（Research and private study）
・非商用目的の研究におけるデータ解析（Data analytics for non-commercial research）
・障害者のためのアクセス（Access for people with disabilities）
・アーカイビングおよび保存（Archiving and preservation）
◎Consumers given more copyright freedom（Intellectual Property Office 2012/12/20付けプレスリリース） http://www.ipo.gov.uk/about/press/press-release/press-release-2012/press-release-20121220.htm
◎Moderninsing Copyright: A modern, robust and flexible framework（PDF：56ページ） http://www.ipo.gov.uk/response-2011-copyright-final.pdf
◎British Library welcomes announcement on copyright exceptions（BL 2012/12/20付けプレスリリース） http://pressandpolicy.bl.uk/Press-Releases/British-Library-welcomes-announcement-on-copyright-exceptions-5e4.aspx
◎UK copyright laws to be freed up and parody laws relaxed（Guardian 2012/12/20付け記事） http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2012/dec/20/uk-copyright-law-parody-relaxed
◎Government relaxes copyright framework to encourage innovation（Wired UK 2012/12/20付け記事） http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2012-12/20/vince-cable-copyright-framework
◎Reader Engagement Soaring at Next Gen Libraries（OverDrive Blog 2012/12/19付け記事） http://overdriveblogs.com/library/2012/12/19/reader-engagement-soaring-at-next-gen-libraries/
◎The Next Generation Digital Library Platform（OverDrive） http://www.overdrive.com/Next-Gen/
（2012-12-25 10:15:56 hon.jp Day Watch）
Version 3.0はここ1年間ほどEPUB 3.0形式対応にからみベータテストが続けられていたが、今回ようやく正式リリースとなった。【hon.jp】
◎EPUBCheckバイナリ配布サイト（ https://code.google.com/p/epubcheck/ ）
◇How Publishers Should Prepare for EPUB 3
（January 18, 2012 by Jeremy Greenfield Digital Book World）
The future of e-books is now.
The approval of a new coding language for e-books, developed by the International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF), a global trade and standards organization for the promotion of electronic publishing, means that soon it will be a relatively simple matter for e-books to contain video, audio, dynamic content and all sorts of interactive features.
The catch? Many of the features of EPUB 3, as it’s called, can’t currently be rendered by most e-reading software. Meaning, if a book publisher created a new e-book using EPUB 3 to embed a Google map or a Twitter feed, the book wouldn’t work properly on most e-readers.
But that’s all about to change.
“2012 will be the year when retailers adopt EPUB 3,” said Bill McCoy, executive director of the IDPF.
For instance, Ingram Content Group, the country’s largest distributor of digital and physical books, said that its e-textbook reader, VitalSource Bookshelf, which is available as an application for the iPad, iPhone, Mac Windows, browsers, iOS clients, and Android in the near term, will begin to support EPUB 3 in April.
“VitalSource works with 200 education publishers, most of which are gearing up for EPUB 3,” said Rick Johnson, chief technology officer for VitalSource.
As more e-reader software supports more of EPUB 3, publishers need to prepare for changes in creative capabilities, workflow, hiring and, maybe most important of all, their relationship with booksellers.
Hear more about EPUB 3 and what publishers should do about it at the Digital Book World Conference + Expo in New York City from January 23 to 25.
◎The Coming Battle With Retailers
“Retailers, like Amazon, are known for not disclosing certain information,” said McCoy. “Publishers would love to know that information.”
With EPUB 3, publishers should be able to build software into their books that tells them how much a reader reads, when they read and for how long, for starters.
While publishers should push hard to gather all the information retailers will allow, retailers may resist, citing security risks and privacy concerns, said McCoy.
But the terms of the conflict might change when retailers allow books to fetch remote data, like a dynamic Google map or an ad that changes at the whim of the publisher.
“Once you allow that, it’s very hard to limit,” said McCoy. “Some distribution channels will enable that kind of remote data access early in 2012. The question is when the top-end vendors do that. That will depend on competitive situations. Some may try to jump first. I don’t want to predict the moves in the game of Risk, but some of the vendors are more oriented at being open than others.”
Publishers might have an unlikely ally on their side: the specter of piracy.
“As you move into the world of HTML 5, interactivity is becoming the new DRM [digital rights management],” said Johnson, who helped craft the EPUB 3 language as part of a working group at IDPF. “As you enable new interactivity, you are making it harder for people to share the content; you have to have the whole book in order to use those rich features.”
As EPUB 3 is adopted, many of those “rich features” will require remote data calls.
◎New Paradigms in Sales and Marketing
Beyond being able to collect dynamic data from readers, publishers will be able to talk to readers, on the fly. The most obvious incarnation of this is advertising.
◎New Ways of Thinking About Content
As tablet and smartphone adoption increases, readers will expect richer features from books.
“Users want features. They want eye candy, they want sharing,” said Johnson.
That doesn’t necessarily mean that publishers should seek to add features haphazardly to their current pipeline of e-books. Publishers should think more holistically about their content.
“Publishers are going to need to think about their content as a more malleable asset,” said McCoy. “If you’re doing a novel, you don’t think of it as only a hardcover.”
With the proliferation of devices and screen sizes, publishers need to consider all of the different kinds of places their content could appear ? and both compensate and take advantage of those different venues.
“It’s not just about tablets. EPUB 3 is going to live in browsers, in native applications,” and publishers that try to get their content onto screens of all sizes ? and looking good ? will be ahead of the curve, said Johnson. Scripts, or bits of code that answer questions for a piece of software, that can be built within EPUB 3 will allow publishers to optimize one piece of content for multiple screens, he added.
Publishers that want to build new kinds of reading experiences need to think about what new features they want to add to their books at the earliest possible stage.
“They need to figure out how they want their books to sing and dance,” said Eric Freese, until recently a solutions architect at Aptara, a Falls Church, Va.-based e-book production house; he was also part of the working group at IDPF that developed EPUB 3 and is now an information architect at Amsterdam-based health publisher Elsevier. “Do they want audio and video added in? If so, they need to be thinking about that at creation time, not publication time. The earlier the better. By thinking about it early, you’re more nimble and flexible with what you can do at the end.”
For those publishers that haven’t quite mastered the art of quality assurance (QA), EPUB 3 will bring fresh challenges, ones that should be addressed by changes in workflow.
“With EPUB 3, you have the capability to style things differently and have things adjust to layout,” said Johnson. “You have to make sure you have all the basics down. I encourage publishers to have a good way to do QA work.”
◎Hiring New, Expensive Workers
EPUB 3 is built on HTML 5. A relatively new coding language, HTML 5 isn’t yet a common skill for developers. And where there’s scarcity, there’s cost.
“If you’re doing children’s books or cookery or anything that needs to take advantage of interactivity, HTML 5 is going to be the core building block and that’s the core skill that publishers need to make sure they have in house or an outsourced relationship that they can count on as a business partner,” said McCoy.
Publishers will need to hire more in-house staff, said Johnson. They will either need to build their own HTML 5 development teams or at least hire a knowledgeable liaison for any vendors they work with.
“With this enhanced digital content, they [publishers] will need to grow the skills and capabilities of their staff,” said Johnson. “They will also demand more from their vendors.”
Building it or buying it, engaging an HTML 5 development team is a costly proposition.
According to Salary.com, the median salary for a Web applications developer in New York is nearly $95,000. And that’s for people whose skills may not even reach the high level necessary for top HTML 5 development.
And that doesn’t factor in the recruitment costs. Good developers are hard to come by, with the unemployment rate for technology workers under 4% for most of 2011 and companies like Google, Facebook and hot startups duking it out for top talent.
As EPUB 3 gains support among reading platforms and devices, publishers will face a time of difficult change. But there is light at the end of the tunnel.
“As the adoption of digital continues to accelerate, many of the problems that have emerged ? workflow for publishers, expectations of readers ? are addressed by EPUB 3,” said Johnson.
◇BookBoon’s Record-Breaking eBook Year
（DEC 19, 2012 By Mercy Pilkington, Good E-Reader）
This coming weekend might signify the end of work until the holidays are over to some consumers, or last minute shopping for a few tardy individuals. But for Thomas Buus Madsen, chief operating officer and founder of the London-based BookBoon, it could actually mean a new record for his company. Over the weekend, BookBoon predicts its 40millionth ebook download will take place.
“It is very likely that the 40 millionth book will be downloaded somewhere in the United States, where users are most active around those hours. Tuesday, we were merely lacking 250,000 downloads, so we are very excited at the Bookboon headquarters,” said Buus Madsen in a press release.
It’s easy to see why the ebook publisher might have had such a record-breaking year: with a distribution that focuses primarily on textbooks, business books, and travel guides, BookBoon offers something that a lot of companies can’t…its books are free.
With most of the titles written in-house or by freelancers, BookBoon is able to provide the titles free of charge by embedding advertising on various pages within the book. While many of these titles are not ones that students pay outrageous prices for at the campus bookstore, they do appear to be excellent reference guides and study aides that complement existing coursework. While it might seem aggravating to some readers to endure advertisements within the pages of their books, BookBoon users have spoken out in favor of the process to the tune of massive growth this year for the company, a trend that Buus Madsen plans to keep going in 2013.
“In 2012 we published 200 new books ? we intend to double this next year. Furthermore, we collected over175.000 Facebook fans in 2012, and look forward to reaching half a million in 2013. The 40 million downloads was an increase of 400% compared to 2011. Growing by the same rate in 2013 sounds like a very big challenge but following our success in 2012, we have no doubt the new year will be full of surprises.”
◇National Federation of the Blind Applauds U.S. Support for Legally Binding International Instrument to Put More Accessible Books in the Hands of the Blind Worldwide
（Monday, December 17, 2012 National Federation of the Blind）
National Federation of the Blind Applauds U.S. Support for Legally Binding International Instrument to Put More Accessible Books in the Hands of the Blind Worldwide
Baltimore, Maryland (December 17, 2012): The National Federation of the Blind applauds today’s announcement from the United States government supporting a legally binding international instrument which will allow many more books to be converted into accessible formats used by the blind and allow those accessible copies to be shared across international borders. The U.S. officially voiced its support earlier today at the Extraordinary General Assembly of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) taking place in Geneva, Switzerland. The U.S. also indicated its support for a diplomatic conference in June, 2013, which would have the aim of finalizing work on the international instrument.
Dr. Marc Maurer, president of the National Federation of the Blind, said: “We have been calling upon the U.S. government and governments throughout the world to support this treaty proposal, which has been before WIPO since 2009. In developed nations, only up to seven percent of published works are available to the blind in accessible formats such as Braille, audio, and electronic versions and less than one percent of published works are available in the developing world. This has created a book famine for the blind across the globe.”
“We appreciate the leadership exercised by the U.S. delegation to WIPO to keep this treaty proposal moving forward, and we expect the U.S. delegation to continue exercising such leadership to ensure that, at the Diplomatic Conference in June of 2013, the world will adopt and finalize a legally binding international instrument that is workable and achieves the overarching purpose of putting more books and information into the hands of the blind,” said Scott LaBarre, one of the National Federation of the Blind’s official delegates to WIPO.
“Resolution of several important issues still lies ahead. Member states of WIPO have not achieved consensus on key language in the proposed instrument with respect to provisions addressing the needs of the blind while still protecting the intellectual property of publishers.”
“Such differences remain a real threat to adoption of this desperately needed international agreement,” added Dr. Frederic K. Schroeder, first vice president of the National Federation of the Blind and also an official Federation delegate to WIPO.
Approximately one-third of the world’s nations, including the U.S., have created exceptions and limitations in their copyright laws to allow for the reproduction of published works in accessible formats without first requiring the time-consuming and expensive step of acquiring the permission of the publisher for such reproduction. Unfortunately, two-thirds of the world’s countries have no such exceptions or limitations allowing for the production of accessible copies. Additionally, cross-border sharing of accessible copies is not permitted under international law. If adopted, the treaty proposal under the sponsorship of the World Blind Union, which was originally tabled and is now before the WIPO General Assembly, would harmonize copyright exceptions and limitations throughout the world, allowing for the conversion of published works into accessible formats used by the blind and permitting the sharing of accessible copies of works across international borders.
◇Baker & Taylor Launches Acoustik Audiobooks
（DEC 17, 2012 By Paul Biba Good E-Reader）
Baker & Taylor, a major distributor, has announced the launch of a new mobile platform that will sell audiobooks on the Android and Apple platforms. The new platform, called Acoustik, is now available on the App Store and on Google Play. It is powered by Findaway World’s platform and currently provides access to 40,000 titles. Baker & Taylor intends to launch Acoustik as part of the Axis 360 digital media platform for libraries. The Acoustik site has free samples to allow you to do a “test listen.”
Interestingly, the platform will be available through other retailers, as well. For example, Michael’s Bookstore is offering a selection of Acoustik audio books. The consumer downloads the Apple or Android platform and can then download books from their Michael’s account. Go independent bookstores!
（2012-12-17 11:34:48 hon.jp DayWatch）
ロシア西域を中心にWiMAXデータ通信網を展開する中堅キャリアのYota社（本社：ロシア・サンクトペテルブルク市）は来年2月、スペインで開催される「Mobile World Congress 2013」カンファレンスで、背面に電子ペーパーディスプレイを搭載したAndroidスマートフォン「YotaPhone」を披露することを発表した。
YotaPhoneは、ボディ形状は一般的なAndroid OS 4.2スマートフォンだが、背面に台湾E-Ink製の4.3型電子ペーパースクリーンを搭載。電子書籍や電子新聞などを省電力で閲覧できるように設計されているという。【hon.jp】
◎Yota社のサイト（ http://www.yotadevices.com/ ）
カナダのサイモンフレーザー大学の博士課程に在籍しているモリソン（Heather Morrison）氏が、2012年のオープンアクセスの“劇的な成長”を示した統計データをExcelファイルで公開するとともに、自身のブログでその内容の一部を紹介しています。例えば、オープンアクセスジャーナルのディレクトリとして有名な“Directory of Open Access Journals”には、2012年に1,133タイトルが登録され、1日につき約3タイトルが追加されていった計算になるとしています。
なお、彼女は“Freedom for scholarship in the internet age”と題した博士論文の審査を11月に済ませたということです。
◎Dramatic Growth of Open Access December 11, 2012 Full Data Edition http://summit.sfu.ca/item/10990
◎Dramatic Growth of Open Access 2012: early year-end edition（The Imaginary Journal of Poetic Economics 2012/12/12付け記事） http://poeticeconomics.blogspot.ca/2012/12/dramatic-growth-of-open-access-2012.html
◎Freedom for scholarship in the internet age (doctoral dissertation)（The Imaginary Journal of Poetic Economics 2012/12/13付け記事） http://poeticeconomics.blogspot.ca/2012/12/freedom-for-scholarship-in-internet-age.html
◇A Different Model for e-Lending in Sweden
（DEC 13, 2012 By Paul Biba Good E-Reader）
The Literary Platform has an absolutely fascinating article about how ebook lending is taking place in Sweden. Given the problems American publishers have even admitting that libraries exist, it should be a must-read for anyone in the publishing industry. According to the article, a Swedish library treats ebooks as a “service” with all ebook titles available to all the libraries patrons at all times, for free. They do not use the “licensing” model that is prevalent elsewhere. In Sweden you can borrow as many ebooks as you want, simultaneously. The library, on the other hand, pays the publisher for every transaction.
Evidently this model is making Swedish publishers nervous, though, and they are starting to “window” some books. This has caused a major outcry in the country. The Stockholm City Library is working with publishers, now, to set up a pilot project for a dual licensing mode based on the library helping the publishers digitize their backlist and, in return, getting decent lending terms. In the pilot, the library will pay for the digitization of 25 ebooks, which will be made available to the library for a fixed-price subscription for eleven years. The publishers, in turn, agree to make all new ebook titles available to the library on release.
Much more worth reading in the article. It is a pity that there is no innovative thinking or experimentation in the American ebook/library market. The idea of libraries and publishers becoming partners, instead of adversaries, is one that desperately needs traction here. Let’s hope that someone in the industry reads this article and gives it a bit of thought.
（National Federation of the Blind）
◎Make Kindle E-books Accessible
Amazon.com is undertaking a massive effort to deploy its Kindle e-readers and Kindle e-books to K-12 schools across the United States. In some cases Kindle devices have been donated directly to schools, including schools that serve children who are blind or have other disabilities. More important, and more disturbing, is the fact that Amazon has also built a system called Whispercast that allows teachers and school administrators to distribute Kindle content to devices other than Kindles. The problem with all of these plans is that neither the Kindle devices nor the book files used in conjunction with them are accessible to students who are blind or who have other print disabilities. Since school districts have an obligation under federal law to purchase or deploy only accessible technology and content, Amazon must either make Kindle e-books accessible or cease and desist from its efforts to have them used in the classroom. For further illustration of this issue, please view the comparison of Kindle e-books to accessible e-books.
Background and History
Blind Americans have been asking Amazon to make its Kindle products accessible for several years now. In 2009, Amazon introduced the first Kindles with text-to-speech output, but blind users could not independently access this feature. Furthermore, under pressure from the Authors Guild, Amazon allowed authors and publishers to “turn off” text-to-speech for specific books. When Amazon began peddling Kindles to institutions of higher education, the NFB brought suit and filed complaints against several of these institutions. These claims prompted a June 29, 2010 Joint Dear Colleague Letter from the Department of Education and the Department of Justice warning educational institutions not to purchase inaccessible technology. A follow-up FAQ from the Department of Education made it clear that the prohibition against the purchase of inaccessible technology also applied to libraries and K-12 schools. Despite this, Amazon is now seeking to have Kindle e-books deployed in K-12 schools, and several school districts across the United States have already purchased Kindles and Kindle content or received donations from Amazon.
On Wednesday, December 12, 2012, we will be holding an informational protest, regarding the distribution of inaccessible Kindle e-books in K-12 schools, outside of Amazon Headquarters in Seattle, Washington. We will be delivering letters from blind students, parents, and friends to Mr. Bezos, the founder and CEO of Amazon, as part of the protest. You are urged to send these letters to Chris Danielsen (Cdanielsen@nfb.org) at the Jernigan Institute. You are also urged to send us a YouTube video of the student reading the letter. Template letters for this process are available in the section below. A flyer explaining our position will also be distributed at the protest. Feel free to share it with others, even if you will not be participating in the protest action. Further logistical details of the protest are below.
Date: Wednesday, December 12
Time: 11:00 AM to 1:00 PM Pacific Time
Protest Location (Amazon Headquarters): 426 Terry Avenue North Seattle, WA 98109
Pre-meeting: For those of you who can make it, we will have a final briefing the day of the protest at the Holiday Inn Seattle at 8:30 AM.
For further details on the protest, please contact John Pare at (410) 659-9314, extension 2218, or by e-mail at email@example.com.
◎Template Letters to Jeff Bezos
We are calling for parents of blind children/teens and blind children/teens themselves to write letters to Amazon’s founder and chief executive officer, Mr. Jeff Bezos, explaining the harmful impact that the use of inaccessible Kindle e-books in the classroom will have on blind students. Below are template letters available for your modification.
◎Template Letter for Blind Child/Teen https://nfb.org/images/nfb/documents/word/kids%20template%20letter.docx
◎Template Letter for Parent of Blind Child/Teen https://nfb.org/images/nfb/documents/word/parent%20letter%20template.docx
◎How You Can Help
Even if you are unable to participate in our informational protest on December 12, you can still help make Amazon aware of the need to make its Kindle e-books accessible to blind K-12 students.
◇［記事紹介］ Five years at Mozilla (Marco's accessibility blog)｜AccSellクリッピング
（2012年12月 9日 AccSell 中根雅文）
他にも、NVDAとの協調、GNOMEデスクトップにおけるアクセシビリティー・サポート、Mac OS X版におけるアクセシビリティー・サポートなどにも言及している。また、この5年間でMozillaプロジェクト全体のアクセシビリティーに対する意識が向上したことにも触れている。
◎Five years at Mozilla | Marco's accessibility blog http://www.marcozehe.de/2012/12/03/five-years-at-mozilla/
◇Amazon, Why Do You Keep Burning Blind Readers?
（Friday, December 7, 2012 By Amy Mason National Federation of the Blind）
According to ZDNet and Engadget the Kindle Fire will be getting Explore by Touch and Voice Guide to provide accessibility features to blind and visually impaired customers.
These features were first introduced in Google's Android, Ice Cream Sandwich operating system. (This is the basis of the OS for the Kindle Fire and Fire HD which has been heavily skinned by Amazon for the device.) Google has since released Jelly Bean which has improved markedly on accessibility. If this were Amazon's only weakness, an out-of-date OS, I would be disappointed, but I would understand. This is not, however, Amazon's only problem.
Their weakness instead, appears to be a disregard for the wishes of its blind consumers. Blind people want Kindle books. We want them badly enough that I know several blind people who have chosen to buy the Kindle Keyboard, despite being unable to do anything more than start and stop text-to-speech on their books. The PC edition (with accessibility plug-in) is slightly better. If a user is willing to sit at a PC, they can read by navigational elements as small as a sentence at a time, and as large as a page (seriously, you have to sit at the computer and turn every page. What a thrilling way to read a book!)
I hear a few of you saying, "Ok, Amy, so you are upset about the past, but now Amazon is offering this additional accessibility in the Fire". I am sorry to disappoint you, but for all intents and purposes it did not improve on their existing efforts. We purchased a Kindle Fire HD, and received it last Friday. We read on Amazon's website that there were accessibility features, so we felt that we had to do our due diligence and test their work. First of all, when you get the device, you have to have a sighted person turn on the accessibility features because there is no way for a blind person to turn them on independently. Secondly, access is limited to the device settings, the collection of books in a user's library, the primary navigation buttons (back, home, and more) and allowing you to start and stop text-to-speech on a book. A sighted reader on this tablet has the capability to browse the Web, play music, play audio books, download and read magazines and newspapers, buy Android apps, read e-mail, view documents (this may be accessible, I didn't get a chance to check), browse photos, voice chat, and read books. We are limited to access to the settings, navigating our library, and using the digitized speech equivalent of a cassette tape. We can play and pause speech, and it will read continuously, just like on the Kindle Keyboard, but we cannot navigate accessibly. No headings, paragraphs, pages, sentences, words or characters can be distinguished, nor can you go back accessibly. Tables of contents and social media integration are likewise unavailable to blind users.
We were concerned by these conclusions, and decided that perhaps we were missing some details, so we called the company. (Accessibility was a very small part of the help page after all.) We spoke with two different customer service reps, and indeed, the reps verified that yes, this is the extent of the accessibility of the device.
It is hard to see the accessibility features in the Kindle Fire as a gesture of goodwill. Amazon is familiar enough with what true accessibility looks like, both directly from us, from the work their competition has done, and even from the screen access packages it requires to allow a PC user to read with text to speech on a computer. It cannot claim ignorance when Google, Apple, and Microsoft all offer far more accessible devices (they all have their problems, but let's be honest, these guys are all making a legitimate effort.). Furthermore, both the iPad and the Nexus 7 are confirmed to offer accessible eReaders from other creators (several of which can be used with Braille) while no access to Kindle books is available on any of these platforms.
Amazon needs to stop burning blind readers with these half-hearted attempts at accessibility in all versions of the Kindle, including the Fire. What is needed now is for it to implement real accessibility, rather than expecting blind readers to accept a cassette tape equivalent in an era of multi-purpose tablets.
◇Google and Amazon Launch New eBook Stores in Brazil
（DEC 06, 2012 By Michael Kozlowski, Good E-Reader）
Google and Amazon have both launched their new ebook stores in Brazil today! Both companies are selling a wide array of ebooks right now and customers can download thousands of titles in their native Portuguese.
The Google launch gives Brazilian customers the ability to purchase ebooks, apps, games, and other paid content. The company is not making the new line of tablets available there yet, but Brazil should see the Nexus after the holidays. When new titles are announced, the ability to pre-order titles is firmly integrated and stored purchases are stored in the cloud. You can then use any Android or iOS device to run the official Google Books app to read all your stuff.
Amazon has opened its store today in Brazil and seeks to compete against Kobo, in one of the world’s strongest emerging markets. There are a number of publishers attached to the ecosystem, but Amazon has not announced which ones are taking part yet, or if they have attained any retail partners. What we do know is that the store has over 1,500 free Portuguese-language books available to download and read on Kindle and free Kindle reading apps. The only e-reader the company is marketing is the Amazon Kindle 4th generation at R$299.
Amazon.com.br also today announced that independent authors and publishers are now able to make their books available in the new Brazil Kindle Store using Kindle Direct Publishing (KDP) (http://kdp.amazon.com.br). Brazilian independent authors and publishers can utilize the new Portuguese-language KDP website to make their books available in Brazil, and more than 175 countries worldwide. They can also price their books and receive payments in Brazilian Reais for their sales in Brazil, all while retaining control of their content and copyrights.
In the last few months, we now have Kobo, Google, and Amazon selling digital books directly in one of the world’s most populous markets. Although digital adopting is fairly low and 75% of the general public has never even heard of an e-reader or read a digital book, these companies have their work cut out for them on building awareness. Luckily they won’t have to go it alone, with more bookstores joining in to allow for impulse purchases.
◎National Federation of the Blind Condemns Amazon’s Push to Put Kindle E-books in Schools - Blind Americans Will Protest at Amazon Headquarters(NFB 2012/12/4) https://nfb.org/national-federation-blind-condemns-amazon%E2%80%99s-push-put-kindle-e-books-schools
◎Make Kindle E-books Accessible(この問題に関する詳細情報) https://nfb.org/kindle-books
◇IDPF EPUB 3 Awarded Best Technology Innovation at FutureBook
（DECEMBER 5, 2012 International Digital Publishing Forum）
At the FutureBook Innovation Awards, held as part of this week's FutureBook Conference in London, IDPF was the winner in the category of best technology innovation, for EPUB 3. Mark Bide, EDItEUR and newly elected IDPF Board member, accepted the award on behalf of IDPF. Mark Marjurey, commercial director, digital at Taylor & Francis said: “Over the last ten years publishers have been beset by the challenges of developing e-book content fragmented across various proprietary formats and devices. EPUB 3 finally delivers us an open standard with which we can foster interactivity, enhanced content, full accessibility for the visually impaired, and begin to tackle the vagaries of device incompatibility. From authors to publishers to readers, this is something we can all get behind." Full article on futurebook.net: http://bit.ly/XltngE .
◇Pottermore CEO Explains the DRM-Free Decision
（DEC 03, 2012 By Mercy Pilkington Good E-Reader）
Charlie Redmayne spoke on two panels today in London at the FutureBook conference, the third annual conference put on by The Bookseller. Aside from the morning presentation in which he spoke on the importance of establishing a global brand for an author or a book series, Redmayne spoke quite vehemently in the later panel about how the practice of DRM-free ebooks can be better for publishing.
According to Redmayne, the Harry Potter ebooks were published without the restrictions imposed by digital rights management, allowing readers to put them on any device and allowing the sharing of the ebooks, similar to their print counterparts.
Despite some criticism about piracy concerns, Redmayne countered with evidence that piracy of the Harry Potter titles is actually 25% lower than when the titles were only available in print; additionally, he recounted incidences when the ebooks were actually placed on file sharing websites, but most were quickly removed when it became known that all of the ebooks are sold with an embedded digital watermark, essentially tracking the person who uploaded the pirated copy.
This ability to track an ebook stands to be a potential deterrent to piracy, especially if publishers are actually able to hold offenders accountable without creating a bigger problem in trying to prosecute offenders.
◇Easy-to-Read on the Web Online Symposium
（3 December 2012, W3C)
This symposium brings together researchers, practitioners, content authors, designers, developers, and users with disabilities to share research-based experiences, including examples, tools, concepts, and ideas, on how to make information on the Web easier to understand by different audiences. The symposium aims to explore the user needs and state of the art in research, development, and practice to contribute to a common understanding of easy-to-read on the Web. It is intended to encourage the development of better guidance, support, and tools for developers, designers, and users, and to inform researchers, standards developers, and policy makers on how to better address easy-to-read on the Web. In particular, it is intended to analyze how to better connect, elaborate, and integrate the user needs in web accessibility guidelines and techniques.
See Participating below for how you can register and contribute to the Symposium.
◇Pew Research Centerによる図書館関係調査レポートの結果をまとめたスライド
米調査機関Pew Research Centerが“The changing world of libraries”というスライド資料を公開しました。これは、同機関のInternet & American Life ProjectのディレクターLee Rainieの作成したもので、このプロジェクトによって2012年に公表されてきた図書館関係の調査レポートの結果がまとめられています（なお、3本のレポートのうち2本はカレントアウェアネス-Eでも紹介済み）。スライドの37枚目では、現在、“Library services”という調査が進行中とされています。
◎The changing world of libraries | Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project - http://www.pewinternet.org/Presentations/2012/Nov/The-changing-world-of-libraries.aspx
◇Txtr Launches Danish eBook Store
（NOV 30, 2012 By Michael Kozlowski Good E-Reader）
Berlin Germany based Txtr operates 14 ebook stores worldwide and the company reported today that it has launched its new Danish store. It currently offers access to more than 2,000 localized ebooks by leading publishers Gyldendal and Lindhardt og Ringhof. It also stocks close to 500,000 English language titles from leading British and American publishers. One of the great things about this new store is the fact it has discarded cumbersome DRM formats and instead has gone in the Pottermore direction of digital watermarks.
To celebrate the launch of the new Danish Txtr ebook store, Gyldendal is offering a 20% discount on twenty of its top titles. The promotion will include a number of bestselling titles by authors such as George R.R. Martin, Lotte og Soren Hammer, and Lars Kepler.
Lindhardt og Ringhof is reducing the price of five top titles in the Txtr store including Pythias anvisninger, the most popular Swedish crime novel of the year, and Odins labrint, the most talked-about debut title of the moment by Mads Peder Nordbo. The three other bestselling books are Afrikas Horn by Wilbur Smith; En shopaholic i New York from popular chick lit author Sophie Kinsella; and Anden Verdenskrig, Antony Beevor’s book about the Second World War.
If you buy Txtr ebooks from any of its online stores, you can use iOS or Android apps to read them while on the go. This ensures that all of your purchases will be stored in the cloud and easily be accessible on your entire range of e-readers, tablets, or phones.
Anne-Sophie Lanier, VP of Content and Publisher Relations at txtr, says, “The Danish ebook market is still in the early stages of development and is open for a retailer bringing a fresh approach to ebooks and e-reading. We are very pleased to work with open-minded and innovative publishers, such as Gyldendal and Lindhardt og Ringhof, who are willing to experiment together with us to kick-start the market.”
“We are very happy to work with txtr. txtr brings us closer to users we could not reach before, and this move will definitely introduce the ebook and our digital content to a much larger audience,” adds Digital Director Karen Westman Hertz from Gyldendal.
“We are happy to welcome txtr onto the Danish ebook market, giving readers more opportunities to browse and buy our great books,” adds Gertrud Smith from Lindhart og Ringhof.
◇ドイツにおけるデジタル化資料を一元的に提供する電子図書館ポータル“Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek”ベータ版公開
2012年11月28日、「ドイツ電子図書館（Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek）」のパブリックベータ版が公開されました。
◎Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek http://beta.deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de/
◎First public beta version of the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek is launched (Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek 2012/11/28付けの記事) http://beta.deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de/content/news/2012-11-28-000
◎First Public Beta Version of the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (DDB) Now Live （INFOdocket 2012/11/28付けの記事） http://www.infodocket.com/2012/11/28/first-public-beta-version-of-the-deutsche-digitale-bibliothek-now-live/
また同日に同館は、“Hier was het nieuws”というiPhone用アプリをリリースしました。このアプリはGPS機能を利用して、利用者がいるその場所で過去に何があったのか、関連する新聞資料を検索、表示させるものとのことです。12月にはアンドロイド用アプリをリリースする予定とのことです。
◎Historische Kranten http://kranten.kb.nl/
◎Hier was het nieuws http://www.hierwashetnieuws.nl/
◎Acht miljoen krantenpagina’s 1618-1995 online doorzoekbaar （Koninklijke Bibliotheek 2012/11/22付けの記事） http://www.kb.nl/nieuws/nieuwsarchief-2012/acht-miljoen-krantenpaginas-1618-1995-online-doorzoekbaar
◎KB lanceert app ‘Hier was het nieuws’ （Koninklijke Bibliotheek 2012/11/22付けの記事） http://www.kb.nl/nieuws/nieuwsarchief-2012/kb-lanceert-app-hier-was-het-nieuws
◇After Successful 3-Year Pilot, JSTOR Launches New Alumni Access Program
（November 28, 2012 by Gary Price LJ INFOdocket）
JSTOR is pleased to announce a new Alumni Access program, which enables participating higher education institutions to provide their alumni with access to their JSTOR archive collections. This is an important next step in our ongoing efforts to extend access to scholarship to individuals around the world, and we are delighted to have the opportunity to partner with our more than 3,000 university and college libraries in this effort.
The launch of the Alumni Access program follows a successful 3-year pilot that was undertaken with nearly 50 institutions, including public and private institutions, US and overseas universities, and theological seminaries. This pilot helped JSTOR and our partner libraries understand the implementation issues and to develop an approach that we believe will be valuable and sustainable. The feedback from both pilot institutions and their alumni has been overwhelmingly positive.
While the Alumni Access Program will officially launch in January 2013, JSTOR will turn on access and waive the Annual Access Fee (AAF) for the remainder of 2012. The Alumni Access participation fee is 10% of the institution’s total AAF. The program is open to eligible higher education institutions worldwide; please contact us for eligibility requirements. Participating schools must support the bifurcation of alumni usage from their main account.
Last week, JSTOR announced that the Top 100 most active Wikipedia editors will be given free access to JSTOR collections.
We also recently （about SAGE making a change to its license and allowing library’s who subscribe to their databases to opt-in and provide these resources to alumni at no extra fee.
◇The Future of E-Textbooks and Digital Education
（November 27, 2012 Jeremy Greenfield, Digital Book World）
Gutenberg Technology, a French company, has launched a new piece of software that promises to help publishers accelerate their e-textbook creation process. It’s expensive to use (read more about the costs) but allows publishers to create hundreds of e-textbooks a month for multiple platforms and update them easily and remotely. (Read more about the details here.)
The problem is, students don’t like e-textbooks yet. In several states, schools have engaged in pilots and surveyed students about how they liked the less expensive, lighter product. The results haven’t been encouraging for the publishing industry.
Still, the industry presses ahead. Major educational publishers like Houghton Mifflin Harcourt and Macmillan are gearing up for the coming changes. Outside investors are spending big bucks trying to get into this market.
How much will publishers spend, though, to create the products students don’t yet want but will someday?
◇Open Knowledge Foundation等によるオープンソースプロジェクト“TEXTUS”の最終報告書が公開
Open Knowledge Foundation等によるオープンソースプロジェクト“TEXTUS”の最終報告書が公開されました。TEXTUSは、JISCの助成を受けて、Internet ArchiveやProject Gutenbergなどで公開されているデジタル化テキストを収集し、再利用するためのプラットフォームを開発するプロジェクトです。このプラットフォーム上では、テキストに対して一意なURLが与えられて引用が可能になり、また、コメントの付与やその共有等も行うことができるということです。
◎TEXTUS Final Report（JISC Repository） http://repository.jisc.ac.uk/4936/
◇A Shocking Message From Libraries
（November 16, 2012 Jeremy Greenfield Digital Book World）
Libraries delivered a shocking message to publishers yesterday: Those who borrow ebooks from libraries also buy books ? about 3.2 books a month, a new study from the American Library Association and library ebook distributor OverDrive found.
Rather than shocking, the message is one libraries have been screaming at publishers for a while now. The ALA has helped orchestrate several studies that suggest this is true and Pew conducted one that suggested it as well.
The other thing libraries have been telling publishers is that readers discover new books to buy in libraries. This latest study finds that 57% of patrons use the library as their primary point of book discovery, for instance. (Read more findings here.)
We have no direct knowledge of this that we can share, but it’s our guess that publishers have heard the message. So, here’s a message from DBW to libraries: Those publishers are our readers (along with many librarians) and they’re smart folks. They’ve heard your message and have evidently not yet done what you want them to do in regards to ebooks. So, try another strategy, a different message.
Is wide-spread library ebook borrowing an inevitability? We don’t know. But it’s not happening any faster because of yesterday’s study.
◇Library Journal Releases Public School eBook Report
（NOV 21, 2012 By Mercy Pilkington Good E-Reader）
Library Journal, sponsored in part by Follet Library Resources?the nation’s leading supplier of library materials to public schools?released the summary of its third annual survey which asked respondents to answer questions pertaining to ebook use in K through 12 schools. The results were both encouraging and disappointing, depending on the question.
First, budget concerns kept a number of schools from fully integrating a digital collection for their students, with an alarming decrease in the amount of schools reporting they offer ebooks from the previous year. The report does indicate that this could reflect schools who had sample materials the previous year, but who could not afford to integrate a digital library for the survey year. Additionally, many of those surveyed demonstrated that ebooks were just as expensive as their print counterparts, and therefore had not embraced a digital collection.
On a positive note, the size of the collection has grown exponentially since the first survey in 2010, with the mean number of ebooks offered being around fifty, increasing to well over 700 titles in 2012. Interestingly, the size of the digital collection of school libraries typically increases with the grade level, with high school libraries offering the most ebook content. This may be due to the often lower price of grade-level appropriate books for high schoolers versus more expensive, full-color books for young readers, but also may be due to the higher rates of digital device ownership among young adult readers. In the case of high schools, the patrons already owned the device, whereas fewer elementary school students already own compatible technology.
The report went on the include an end section in which the sponsors published the comments from many of the survey respondents, and those comments reflect the sluggish adoption of ebooks across the board, pointing primarily at the discrepancies in pricing as the key culprit that prevents greater adoption.
◇Huge Microscope Comparison: iPad 3, Mini, PaperWhite, Fire HD, Nexus 7 and Galaxy Tab Plus
（NOV 21, 2012 By Paul Biba Good E-Reader）
My new microscope arrived and here’s the shoot-out between the tablets. Clearly the Retina wins and then the Kindle Fire HD takes second place, followed by the Mini, Nexus 7 and Galaxy Tab 7 Plus, in that order. The PaperWhite also has a very good showing and, to my eyes, comes in second after the iPad, but it’s an apples to oranges comparison.
◇アクセシビリティ機能を強化した Android 版 Firefox を公開しました
（2012/11/20 Mozilla Japan ブログ）
Android 版 Firefox の最新版を公開しました。この最新版では、視覚障がいのあるユーザに対してブラウジングの操作を音声などで助けるアクセシビリティ機能をサポートしたほか、HTC Status および HTC ChaCha、Samsung Galaxy Ace、Motorola Fire XT、LG Optimus Q (これらの端末は日本では未発売) を含む数多くの端末に対応し、すべての人々がオープンな Web を利用できるようにする目標に向けて新たな一歩を進めることができました。
最新版の Android 版 Firefox では、視覚障がいのあるユーザのモバイル端末上の Web ブラウジングを助ける新しいアクセシビリティ機能を追加しました。Android 版 Firefox は、追加の設定やインストールを必要とせずに、Android のスクリーンリーダ機能である TalkBack とシームレスに統合されました。
また、Android 版 Firefox は、バージョン 4.1 以降の Android に搭載された 先進のアクセシビリティ機能である Explore by Touch と Gesture Navigation に対応しました。Explore by Touch 機能を有効にして画面を指でなぞると、端末に搭載された音声読み上げ、効果音、振動によるフィードバックで、視覚障がいのあるユーザの Web ブラウジングを助けます。
Android 版 Firefox は、Android バージョン 2.2 以降の端末に対応していますが、これまでは、その中でも ARMv7 プロセッサを搭載する端末にしか対応していませんでした。最新版の Android 版 Firefox では、ARMv6 プロセッサを搭載する数多くの携帯端末にも対応しています。
Mozilla における私たちのミッションは、できるだけ多くの人々に Web の恩恵をもたらすことです。今日使われている約 5 億台の Android 端末のうち、その半数が ARMv6 アーキテクチャを搭載しています。この新しい Android 版 Firefox は、すべての人々にオープン Web を解放するための重要なステップです。
さらに、Android 4.0 以降の端末では、HTML5 でこれまでサポートしてきた WebM や Ogg 動画に加え、H.264 動画のハードウェアおよびソフトウェアデコーダをサポートし、Flash のサポートされない環境でもさらに多くの動画を閲覧できるようになりました。
Android 版 Firefox をGoogle Play ストアからダウンロード https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.mozilla.firefox&referrer=utm_source%3DMozilla%26utm_medium%3DWebBlog%26utm_campaign%3Dblogpost-mobile-downloadlink-20121811
◇大学図書館関係者は注目、米国の電子ジャーナルデータベースJSTORが電子書籍サービス「Books at JSTOR」をオープン
（2012-11-19 10:26:04 hon.jp DayWatch）
米国の学術文献アーカイブ事業に従事する非営利団体ITHAKA（本部：米国・複数拠点）の電子ジャーナルデータベース部門「JSTOR」は現地時間11月12日、大学図書館関係者向けの電子書籍サービス「Books at JSTOR」を正式オープンした。
Books at JSTORはITHAKAが昨年発表していたもので、同団体が許可を得た各大学出版局の学術文献を、DRMフリーの電子書籍ファイル形式で大学図書館ユーザーに有償ライセンス配信するというもの。まずはPrinceton University Press、Harvard University Press、Brookings Institution、RAND Publicationsなど著名研究機関の15,000作品からのスタートとなり、今後毎月作品を増やしていくとのこと。【hon.jp】
◎Book at JSTOR概要サイト（ http://books.jstor.org/ ）
◇Penguin Working with Baker & Taylor to Expand Ebook Lending to Libraries, Audiobook Lending Also Coming
（by Gary Price on November 19, 2012 LJ INFOdocket）
The Penguin Group plans to announce on Monday that it is expanding its e-book lending program to libraries in Los Angeles and Cleveland and surrounding areas though a new distribution partner. In a pilot program that will begin this year, Penguin has worked with Baker & Taylor, a distributor of print and digital books, to start e-book lending programs in the Los Angeles County library system, which will reach four million people, and the Cuyahoga County system in Ohio.
The terms of lending will be the same as those they have been testing through 3M systems in New York public libraries since September: Penguin will sell any book to the libraries for lending six months after its release date, each book may be lent to only one patron at a time and at the end of a year the library must buy each book again or lose access to it.
Through a third partner, OneClickdigital, Penguin will also begin lending digital audiobooks to any library that is interested.
◇Hachette Announces Commitment to the EPUB 3 eBook Format
（NOV 17, 2012 By Michael Kozlowski Good E-Reader）
Hachette Digital has announced that the company is deploying new initiatives with ePub3. This new format allows greater flexibility to authors producing enhanced content, including interactive covers, embedded multimedia and interactivity, pop-up screens for end-notes, and melded audio and text, as well as improved navigation of reference content, creating a high-quality digital reading experience.
Hachette has publicly started that it will release twenty different ebooks in the next five months with the new ePub3 format. We will see titles by Po Bronson, Elton John, William Poundstone, and James Patterson. The real kicker is that these books are all a sign of what’s to come. Hachette intends on using the ePub3 format with ALL ebooks, starting March 2013.
Hachette Book Group President and COO Ken Michaels said “HBG’s goal is to get our authors’ works out to consumers as broadly as possible, with the most engaging experience for readers regardless of device or platform, along with high quality aesthetics and entertainment. To do this in a world of rapid technological change, the industry needs standards like EPUB3 that enable a wider range of publishing creativity in handling complex layouts, rich media and interactivity capabilities. This EPUB3 release is an exciting step forward in our publishing program and will greatly benefit our readers as the industry fully recognizes the potential and fully adopts this important standard.”
◇IDEAL Group Reader Beta 最も進んだアクセシビリティの電子書籍リーダ
（2012年11月17日(土) Yahoo!ジオシティーズ お道具箱日記）
◎IDEAL Reader (Previously IDEAL ePub3 Reader) Demo - YouTube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D35p33XLd2M&list=UUGqBL_JZvBVPbCkFJu4xLKQ&index=2&feature=plcp
対応している形式はEPUB 2 / 3 以外に、DAISY 2.02 / 3 という話もあります。
◎IDEAL ePub Creator https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=in.co.accessiblenews.ideal&feature=search_result
Champions of Change for leading the fields of science, technology, engineering, and math for people with disabilities in education and employment
(Stem Equality For Americans With Disabilities | The White Houseより)
[連載] 植木 真の「JIS X 8341-3:2010 『逆引き』徹底解説」
第5回：JIS X 8341-3:2010 入門 ＜その5＞ 制作・開発から保守・運用まで
[連載] 辻 勝利の「Life with 支援技術」
◇Wiley & O’Reilly Sign eBook Distribution Deal ? DRM-Free!
（NOV 15, 2012 By Paul Biba Good E-Reader）
There is an old Arabian proverb, “If the camel once gets his nose in the tent, his body will soon follow.” It may apply to Wiley & O’Reilly creating another important crack in the DRM wall. O’Reilly Media has always been a vocal supporter of DRM-free ebooks. The company is beginning to convince other important publishers that DRM-free is the way to go.
Today O’Reilly and Wiley announced that O’Reilly will become an online distributor for Wiley’s technology ebook program. This includes famous brands like For Dummies, Wrox, and Sybex. All told, nine imprints are covered with over 3,000 individual items.
“Partnering with another publisher, one that shares and embraces similar digital content ideals?where content is made available to customers in multiple digital formats, all without DRM?is particularly gratifying…”
When something as big as the For Dummies series goes DRM-free, then it may become the proverbial camel’s nose.
◇National Federation of the Blind and Louisiana Tech Launch National Reading Media Assessment
（Thursday, November 15, 2012 National Federation of the Blind）
National Federation of the Blind and Louisiana Tech Launch National Reading Media Assessment
Assessment to Determine Best Reading Medium for Blind Students
Baltimore, Maryland (November 15, 2012): The National Federation of the Blind, the oldest and largest organization of blind people in the United States and the leading advocate for Braille literacy, today announced that its National Reading Media Assessment (NRMA) is now available. Developed and tested over a three-year period in collaboration with the Professional Development and Research Institute on Blindness at Louisiana Tech University, the NRMA is the first nationally validated assessment of its kind for youth with low vision. The assessment was developed to determine the most appropriate reading medium for students who are blind or have low vision, to ensure that the reading medium is appropriately identified both for current and future need, and to ensure that student success is not hampered by incorrect identification of literacy needs.
Dr. Marc Maurer, President of the National Federation of the Blind, said: “Many young students today with visual impairments are not classified as blind and as such do not receive training in the proper reading medium. For instance, far too many students with low vision are mistakenly taught to read large print instead of Braille and end up functionally illiterate. The NRMA aims to change this harmful trend and ensure that every student with a visual impairment receives training in the proper reading medium and is set on the path to future success.”
Dr. Edward Bell, principal investigator of the research, said: “The primary findings from our assessment showed 14 percent more youth as needing Braille than prior assessments, and 36 percent more youth as needing Braille than who are actually getting it. Clearly this new approach is sorely needed in order to improve the education of blind children.”
To learn more or participate in the National Reading Media Assessment, please visit www.nfbnrma.org.
The National Federation of the Blind needs your support to ensure that blind children get an equal education, to connect blind veterans with the training and services they need, and to help seniors who are losing vision continue to live independent and fulfilling lives. To make a donation, please go to www.nfb.org.
（2012-11-14 10:42:47 hon.jp DayWatch）
米国のIT系ニュースサイト「The Verge」によると、Google社（本社：米国カリフォルニア州）のエンジニアが、一般的なPC用スキャナー部品や家庭用掃除機を組み合わせて自作した書籍スキャナー「Linear Book Scanner」を公開し、特許もオープンソース化したとのこと。
このLinear Book Scannerは、書籍を半開きで鉄板レール上にスライドさせつつ、掃除機の吸引で1ページずつめくり、見開きスキャンしていくという制作費1,500ドル程度（約11万円）の単純ロボット。ビデオを見ると一見複雑な装置にみえるが、実際の構造はきわめて単純で、最大のキーポイントは吸引口に付けられた“ページめくり刀”部品にある。1,000ページの書籍を90分で全スキャンできたとのこと。
◎The Vergeの記事（ http://www.theverge.com/2012/11/13/3639016/google-books-scanner-vacuum-diy ）
◇All About、電子書籍に本格参入 価格決定権を書店にゆだねる「ホールセールモデル」で
（2012年11月13日 16時11分 更新 ITmedia ニュース）
オールアバウトは11月13日、All Aboutのガイドがまとめたコンテンツなどを電子書籍形式で販売するサイト「All About BOOKS」をオープンした。他の電子書店やWebサービス企業にも電子書籍を卸売りし、価格決定権を書店側にゆだねるホールセールモデルを採用する。
All About Booksでは第1弾として、All Aboutで活躍する生活・家事ジャンルの人気ガイドの片付けハウツー本など10タイトルを発売、EPUB 3.0で配信する。電子書店の構築には、電子書籍ASPサービス「BCCKS」（ブックス）を活用した。
◎Google presses fair use case in book scanning appeal（paidContent 2012/11/12付け記事） http://paidcontent.org/2012/11/12/google-presses-fair-use-case-in-book-scanning-appeal/
（2012-11-09 10:48:54 hon.jp DayWatch）
米国のWeb業界ニュースサイト「The Next Web」によると、Amazon社（本社：米国ワシントン州）は日本に続き、中国でも電子書籍端末「Kindle」シリーズをまもなく発売する可能性が高いとのこと。
◎The Next Web Asiaの記事（ http://thenextweb.com/asia/2012/11/08/evidence-mounts-for-upcoming-amazon-kindle-launch-in-china/ ）
（Wednesday, November 7, 2012 By Clara Van Gerven NFB）
The Kindle Paperwhite arrived here today, and my review will be very, very brief. Unsurprisingly enough, it’s completely inaccessible. Other than having adjustable fonts in the books (not the menus), the device has nothing to offer a low vision or blind reader. It’s a shame, as, unlike the Nook Tablet reviewed earlier, the Kindle Paperwhite is a simple, seamless experience packaged in nice, simple hardware. A real shame.
2012年11月6日、EIFL（Electronic Information for Libraries）が、障害者のコンピュータ利用を支援するフリーやオープンソースのソフトウェア（FOSS）の使い方をまとめたガイドブック“FOSS Accessibility Tools for Libraries Step-By-Step Guide Simon”を公表しました。ガイドブックでは、画面表示拡大、テキスト読み上げ、画面読み上げ、テキスト入力等のツールについて、豊富な画像を用いて使い方が解説されています。欧州に基盤を持つ国際NPO組織であるEIFLは、いくつかの活動を主要な取組として定めていますが、FOSSについての活動もそのひとつです。
◎FOSS Accessibility Tools for Libraries Step-By-Step Guide（PDF：40ページ） http://www.eifl.net/system/files/201211/eifl_accessibilitytoolsstepbystep_2012_normal.pdf
◎Disability Tools Step-By-Step Guide http://www.eifl.net/disability-tools-step-step-guide
◎EIFL FOSS Launches Disability Tools for Libraries Guide（EIFL 2012/11/6付けニュース） http://www.eifl.net/news/eifl-foss-launches-disability-tools-libraries
◎EIFL-FOSS: free and open source software http://www.eifl.net/foss
北米研究図書館協会（ARL）が、2012年11月2日付けで、報告書“Report of the ARL Joint Task Force on Services to Patrons with Print Disabilities”を公表しました。この報告書は、複数の大学の職員の参加するタスクフォースがまとめたもので、視覚障害者等のプリントディスアビリティ（印刷された文字を読むことに障害のある人）に対する研究図書館によるサービスをテーマとしています。米国・カナダの状況を中心に、技術的・法的課題等について述べられています。
◎Report of the ARL Joint Task Force on Services to Patrons with Print Disabilities（PDF：41ページ） http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/print-disabilities-tfreport02nov12.pdf
◎Accessibility for Patrons with Print Disabilities（ARL） http://www.arl.org/accessibility/
経済協力開発機構（OECD）が、2012年10月29日付けで、電子書籍の政策課題についてまとめた報告書“E-books: Developments and Policy Considerations”（OECD Digital Economy Papers, No.208）を公開しました。報告書は“E-Book Ecosystem”“Trends”“Policy Issues”の3部に分かれています。電子書籍の生態系（エコシステム）を概観したうえで、統計データを用いつつ日本を含めた主要国の動向について整理し、最後の政策課題の部分では図書館における利用についても触れています。
◎E-books: Developments and Policy Considerations（OECD iLibrary） http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k912zxg5svh-en
◇ACD News : Open Access in Germany
（2 November 2012 IFLA Acquisition & Collection Development Section Blog）
Up to now 39 German repositories collaborate in the Open Access Network
The 2012 Census of Open Access Repositories in Germany is a snapshot of the current state of open access repositories in Germany looking at different aspects such as the size, software, value-added services, etc. The charts and best practice examples shall help stakeholders to improve open access repositories on different levels in Germany. The poster presented at the Open Access Tage Wien 2012 will is published in an open access repository with a citable URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:kobv:11-100204211
German information platform open-access.net
The open-access.net platform aims to meet the growing demand for information on the subject of Open Access (OA). The editorial team gathers information which is scattered across many sources and bundles it thematically for presentation to various target groups.The information platform has been extended and now also offers country-specific Swiss content. The platform will also integrate country-specific content for visitors from Austria in the near future.
What exactly is Open Access? Open Access (OA) stands for unrestricted, toll-free online access to scientific and scholarly knowledge and information. On open-access.net you will find information about the key concepts and main forms of OA, for example on Open Access journals and repositories, the origins of the Open Access movement, business models and legal issues.
The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, the Helmholtz Association, the Leibniz Association and the Max Planck Society have their own web pages on open-access.net where they provide information on their OA activities.
◎Read more: http://open-access.net/de_en/homepage/#ixzz2Amjv0QVr
◇Baker & Taylor社、視覚障害者の利用に対応した電子書籍プラットフォーム“Axis 360”のモバイル版をリリース
2012年10月31日、米国のBaker & Taylor社が、同社の図書館向けデジタルコンテンツプラットフォーム“Axis 360”のモバイル版のリリースを発表しました。Axis 360は音声読み上げ機能を備えるなど視覚障害者による電子書籍の利用にも対応しています。iOS、Android、BlackBerryを搭載したスマートフォンとタブレットで利用できるとされています。
◎Baker & Taylor Releases Mobile Version of the Axis 360 Digital Media Platform（Baker & Taylor 2012/10/31付けニュース） http://www.baker-taylor.com/viewnews.cfm?press_id=327&typ=c
◇Free Library of Philadelphia Resolves NOOK Accessibility Lawsuit
（By Matt Enis and Meredith Schwartz on October 25, 2012 The Digital Shift）
The Free Library of Philadelphia (FLP) this week settled the lawsuit filed against it in May by four blind patrons assisted by the National Federation of the Blind (NFB).
The suit was filed over a pilot program that allowed patrons older than 50 to borrow pre-loaded NOOK Simple Touch e-readers. Since these devices lacked text-to-speech capability and had been purchased with the help of federal grants, the plaintiffs contended that the program violated both Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act.
Under the terms of the settlement, FLP has agreed to supplement its collection of more than 60 NOOKs with ten accessible devices, according to a press announcement from the NFB. Within four years, the library will transition to a collection of e-readers that are all accessible to the blind, and will begin incorporating an accessibility requirement into its technology procurement contracts. The case and the settlement were very similar to a separate lawsuit filed by NFB and the U.S. Justice Department against the Sacramento Public Library, which was resolved in August.
NFB hopes that these settlements will encourage other institutions to adopt accessibility-compliant technology policies.
“We’re trying hard. Not having equal access to information in the information age is a far bigger handicap than not being able to see,” Counsel for the NFB Daniel F. Goldstein of Brown, Goldstein, and Levy, told LJ. “And when the rest of the world can stay connected to a vast collection of ebooks for purchase that they can read 24/7 wherever they are and the blind can’t, that affects your ability to learn equally and compete equally.”
Goldstein said that the current library e-reader landscape still poses significant accessibility problems.
This is, in large part, due to vendors. Among e-readers and tablets available in the consumer marketplace, only the iPad?one of the most expensive solutions?is considered fully accessible by NFB. The NOOK and the Sony Reader are not. Amazon’s third-generation Kindle devices included text-to-speech features that could be turned on after navigating a couple of menu screens, which posed problems for blind users. But the company has dropped that feature entirely on more recent versions of its e-ink readers, including the new Paperwhite model. NFB heavily criticized the Kindle Fire when it launched in 2011 without built-in text to speech, but the latest models released last month now include that capability. NFB has not yet tested those.
According to a prepared statement issued by NFB President Dr. Marc Maurer, the settlements could also help encourage vendors to include accessibility features in future models of their e-readers.
“The library’s commitment to procure accessible technology means that vendors of e-reading technology and content will have to make their products accessible in order to sell them to the Free Library of Philadelphia,” Maurer said. “We hope that other libraries, educational institutions, and other entities with legal obligations to serve people with disabilities will emulate the approach being adopted by the Free Library of Philadelphia. If they do, we believe that all e-book content will ultimately be accessible to the blind, giving us equal access to the printed word.”
◇EPUB Reading System conformance test suite project kicks off
（OCTOBER 25, 2012 International Digital Publishing Forum）
The IDPF today makes an initial call for participation in a new EPUB conformance test suite project. This newly started open source project is developing materials and methods for the evaluation of feature coverage in EPUB Reading Systems. The goal is to develop a testing paradigm that is comprehensive, objective, and tests all the features in EPUB 3 and its dependent Web Standards that are relevant to content creators. A means to publicly communicate results is also envisioned.
As EPUB 3 support rolls out in the industry, there is an increasing demand for this level of detailed Reading System conformance information to promote interoperability of EPUB content. Ultimately, the project intends to deliver
a collection of EPUB documents that comprise an extensive set of tests for both required and optional Reading System functionality and features
a documented process for executing the tests and compiling results
a web service for the submission, storage and comparison of results
At this inception stage, development of tests is the primary activity, and IDPF seeks contributors to work to extend the test coverage. Contributions from Reading System developers, service providers, content creators, and others are welcome.
◇W3C Announces Workshop on Electronic Books and the Open Web
（OCTOBER 25, 2012 International Digital Publishing Forum）
The W3C, in partnership with IDPF and BISG, is organizing a workshop on Electronic Books and the Open Web, to bring together major players of the eBooks market, including publishers, standardization organizations, booksellers, accessibility organizations, etc, in order to help bring eBook publishing to its full potential through standardization. Participants will have the opportunity to share their own perspectives, requirements, and ideas to ensure that emerging global technology standards meet the needs of the eBook industry The workshop will be held on February 11-12 2013 in New York City, co-located with the O'Reilly Tools of Change for Publishing Conference. The Program Committee is chaired by Angela Bole; BISG, Markus Gylling; IDPF and the Daisy Consortium and Thierry Michel; W3C. Organizations or individuals wishing to attend must submit a position paper explaining their perspectives on a workshop topic of their choice no later than 10 December 2012.
◇ドイツの“Library of the Year 2012”が授与される
2012年10月24日にドイツ図書館協会（DBV）とツァイト財団（ZEIT-Stiftung Ebelin und Gerd Bucerius）から、ヴィルダウ工科大学（Technische Hochschule Wildau）図書館に対し、第13回目となる2012年のドイツ版“Library of the Year”が授与されました。同館のRFID技術や多言語マルチメディアガイドといった、利用者のための最新の技術が授賞の理由とされています。
◎Moderne Technik zum Vorteil der Besucher: "Bibliothek des Jahres 2012" in Wildau （ekz 2012/10/13付けの記事） http://www.ekz.de/index.php?id=5735
◎"Zukunftstechnologien fu"r die Nutzer“: Bibliothek der Technischen Hochschule Wildau (FH) ist "Bibliothek des Jahres 2012“（dbv 2012/6/19付けの記事） http://www.bibliotheksverband.de/dbv/presse/presse-details/article/zukunftstechnologien-fuer-die-nutzer-bibliothek-der-technischen-hochschule-wildau-fh-ist.html
◎Bibliothek der Technischen Hochschule Wildau(FH) ist "Bibliothek des Jahres 2012" （Bibliotheksportal 2012/6/20付けの記事） http://www.bibliotheksportal.de/service/nachrichten/einzelansicht/article/bibliothek-der-technischen-hochschule-wildau-fh-ist-bibliothek-des-jahres-2012.html
2012年10月9日、米国アイオワ大学図書館は、同館の所蔵するコレクション“Szathmary Culinary Manuscripts”のテキスト化をクラウドソーシングで行う新たなプロジェクトを開始しました。テキスト化される資料は、米国および欧州の、1600年代から1960年代までの手書きのレシピコレクションで、時代への変遷で味がどのように変わっていくかを伝えるものとのことです。なお、アイオワ大学図書館ではこれまでにも“Civil War Diaries and Letters Transcription Project”という、南北戦争期の日記や手紙のテキスト化を行うクラウドソーシングプロジェクトを実施しています。
◎Szathmary Culinary Manuscripts and Cookbooks http://digital.lib.uiowa.edu/cookbooks/
◎DIY History http://diyhistory.lib.uiowa.edu/
◎UI Libraries launches new crowdsourcing site with manuscript cookbooks and more （University of Iowa Libraries 2012/10/9付けの記事） http://blog.lib.uiowa.edu/drp/2012/10/09/diyhistory/
◇National Federation of the Blind Applauds Landmark Court Ruling
（Thursday, October 11, 2012 National Federation of the Blind）
Decision Will Revolutionize Blind People’s Access to Books
Baltimore, Maryland (October 11, 2012): The National Federation of the Blind today applauded a decision issued on October 10, 2012, by the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, which permits the distribution of millions of books to blind and print-disabled people. The ruling in Authors Guild, Inc., et al., v. HathiTrust, et al. (Case number: No. 11-cv-6351-HB) held that providing access for students with print disabilities constitutes a “transformative use” under the fair use provision of the Copyright Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act and that Section 121 of the Copyright Act (the “Chafee Amendment”) permits university libraries to digitize their collections for distribution and use by the blind. As a result, the University of Michigan will now be permitted to make its entire 10 million volume digital collection available to all blind Americans, revolutionizing access to digital books by the blind and print disabled.
The ruling is part of the court’s decision to grant the NFB’s and HathiTrust’s motions for summary judgment in a lawsuit brought by the Authors Guild against the HathiTrust, a repository of several university library collections scanned by Google, and participating universities. The Authors Guild alleged the HathiTrust and universities violated the Copyright Act by engaging in mass digitization of their collections. Because these works represent the largest collection of works accessible to the blind and print disabled, the NFB intervened in the lawsuit.
Dr. Marc Maurer, President of the National Federation of the Blind, said: “Access to the printed word has historically been one of the greatest challenges faced by the blind. The landmark decision by the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York will revolutionize access to books for the blind. For the first time ever, blind students and scholars will have the opportunity to participate equally in library research. The blind, just like the sighted, will have a world of education and information at their fingertips. The National Federation of the Blind commends the court’s decision, which constitutes a significant step toward full and equal access to information by the blind.”
◇Amazon Kindle Lending Library Hitting UK, Germany and France this Month
（OCT 11, 2012 By Michael Kozlowski Good E-Reader）
Amazon has announced today that the Kindle Owners Lending Library is hitting the United Kingdom, Germany and France later this month. With the launch of these new lending libraries later this month, the KDP Select fund has been increased by $100,000 to $700,000 in October, with a larger increase anticipated in November.
If you have an Amazon Prime membership, you have the ability to borrow one free eBook a month. There are over 200,000 eBooks currently available and when you borrow a digital version, the author actually gets paid for it. Authors can now opt into these new countries when the service goes live, to insure they are appealing to the new markets.
“The Kindle Owners’ Lending Library was launched less than a year ago in the US and customers are loving it,” said Russ Grandinetti, Vice President of Kindle Content. “It’s also been great for independent authors, who get to reach a whole new audience and make money in a new way, and now they’ll be able to reach even more readers around the world. We’re excited to bring the lending library to the UK, Germany and France.”
The Lending Library originally launched in the USA in 2011 and no one knew how successful the program would be. Harry Potter, Hunger Games and many other popular books are available to be borrowed out. You can get eBooks for free directly on your Kindle e-Reader or Kindle Fire tablet.
◇E-Readers Push Toward the $0.00 Price Point
（October 10, 2012 Jeremy Greenfield, Digital Book World）
We’re not there yet, but getting closer.
German-based txtr has launched a tiny, stripped-down e-ink e-reader for ?9.90 ($12.82), subsidized by mobile carriers in the U.S., Europe and Asia that want to get into the e-book business. The price point smashes through the current low in the U.S., which is for the most basic Kindle reader: $69.
With no wires, cables or WiFi, it runs on AAA batteries and readers put books on the txtr beagle using an Android (and soon iOS) app and a Bluetooth connection.
Who might buy such a reader? Perhaps someone who is offered it with their new phone and contract and wants to use it at the beach, in the tub or by the pool without worrying about breaking it.
If consumers are given free e-readers, then e-book prices ? low but still the target of consumer complaints ? may seem more attractive. So, when will we see a free e-reader? Best answer we’ve heard so far: soon.
◇National Federation of the Blind Sends Message to America’s Teachers
（Wednesday, October 10, 2012 National Federation of the Blind）
NOOKs in the Classroom Discriminate Against Blind Students
Baltimore, Maryland (October 10, 2012): The National Federation of the Blind, the oldest and largest nationwide organization of blind people and the leading advocate for equal access to education and technology, commented today on Barnes & Noble’s recently announced “Fall Educator Appreciation Week” promotion, which is designed to promote the use of the company’s NOOK e-readers in the classroom.
Dr. Marc Maurer, President of the National Federation of the Blind, said: “We have a critically important message for America’s teachers and school administrators. We know that you are deeply committed to the full and equal education of all of your students, including those who are blind, as evidenced by your support of educational concepts like Universal Design for Learning. For this reason, we ask that you heavily consider the accessibility of technology when making decisions about whether to incorporate it into the classroom. Technologies that are fully accessible to the blind will also benefit other students who cannot read print or have difficulty doing so, including students with certain learning disabilities and those whose native language is not English. Federal law requires, and blind students and their parents demand, that the technology that is used in the classroom provide the same content and the same benefits to blind students as to all other students. The Barnes & Noble NOOK e-readers available to date do not currently meet this standard, nor do we have evidence as to whether the newest product line, which begins shipping this fall, will do so. Please stand up for your students and join us in demanding that Barnes & Noble make the necessary changes to its e-reading devices so that they can be used by all students. Until it does so, please tell Barnes & Noble that these devices are not appropriate educational tools.”
◎The publishing universe is expanding （Frankfurt Book Fair 2012/10/9付けの記事） https://en.book-fair.com/fbf/journalists/press_releases/fbf/detail.aspx?PageRequestId=d779bca3-ace2-47c8-8a49-03e7ec63fff2&c20f0587-85d5-44d3-a9a4-eb75d0c6143b=e15ae150-d3f5-406e-bd95-b4a5d2e016fb
◎Frankfurter Buchmesse (Frankfurt Book Fair) http://www.book-fair.com/en/
米国の3M社が、公共図書館における電子書籍サービスの改善を呼びかける運動“ReadersFirst”を支持するという姿勢を打ち出しました。具体的には、同社の電子書籍サービス“3M Cloudl Library”について、（1）既に提供しているAPIによって紙書籍と電子書籍の統合検索などが実現できること、（2）3M社から他の電子書籍ベンダのサービスに移行する際には（出版社の了解が得られれば）コンテンツの移行に協力すること、を紹介しています。
◎3M Announces Support for ReadersFirst Initiative（3M 2012/10/9付けプレスリリース） http://news.3m.com/press-release/company/3m-announces-support-readersfirst-initiative
（2012-10-09 14:57:11 hon.jp Day Watch）
Aptra社は、McGraw-Hill社やPearson社など、大学・大手メディア・出版・情報サービスなど向けにコンテンツ制作ソリューションを提供している出版業界専門の中堅システムサービス会社。今回公開されたのは「4th Annual eBook Production Survey」というアンケート調査レポートで、メールアドレス登録したらPDF形式でダウンロード可能となっている。
◎Aptara社のプレスリリース（ http://www.aptaracorp.com/news/article/survey-documents-growth-of-ebook-publishing-business/ ）
◇Map of the Publishing World Favors U.S., China, Germany, Japan
（October 8, 2012 Digital Book World）
A new report ranking countries by annual publishing market value has the U.S., China, Germany and Japan in the top four spots out of 20 that were tracked.
The report, published by the International Publishers Association and compiled by Rudiger Wischenbart Content and Consulting, a book publishing industry consulting firm, pegs publishing market value for those 20 countries at an annual total of about ?106 billion ($138 billion).
The U.S. is estimated in the report to represent about 30% of that market with the next highest country, China, representing about 10%.(Chart below.)
If the world map was based on the sizes of publishing markets (and not geography), it would look a little something like this:
◇StoryBundle Posts Second Series of DRM-Free Titles
（OCT 06, 2012 By Mercy Pilkington Good E-Reader）
StoryBundle, the program that launched earlier this year that lets readers pay whatever they think is fair for a group of five to seven indie ebook titles, has now （its second bundle. This series of five books, plus two bonus books to readers who pay seven dollars or more, is a grouping of thriller titles under the name “The Second Degree Bundle.”
As DRM-free books, consumers can read the titles on any portable device that supports digital reading by paying through a variety of platforms, including PayPal, Google, and Amazon. For a minimum of one dollar, readers receive five titles which include Black Bird by by Greg Ensien, Blood Red Turns Dollar Green by Paul O’Brien, Diary of a Small Fish by Pete Morin, The Marinara Murders by Erik Hanberg, and Dire Means by Geoffry Neil. For a minimum of seven dollars, consumers receive the five bundled titles along with two extras, Project Moses by Robert Lowe and The Saints Go Dying by Erik Hanberg.
Fans of the StoryBundle site can opt to receive updates when new bundles become available, but one of the most interesting features of the site is a small check box at the bottom that allows readers to donate to charity while making their bundle purchases. This act of doing financial good seems to be in alignment with the concept behind StoryBundle, which is essentially trusting the consumer to recognize that artists are deserving of consumer support for their craft.
米国図書館協会（ALA）が、利用者志向の図書館デザインに関する大学図書館向けの書籍“Universal Design: A Practical Guide to Creating and Re-creating Interiors of Academic Libraries for Teaching, Learning, and Research”が刊行されたことについて、プレスリリースをだしています。
著者はミズーリ州のセントルイス大学図書館の副館長であり、2004年のLibrary Journal Mover & Shakerにも選ばれたことのあるGail M. Staines氏です。
◎Universal design for academic libraries(2012/10/3) http://www.ala.org/news/pr?id=11568
◎Universal Design（目次・序文掲載） http://www.neal-schuman.com/universal-design
予算削減の影響で維持が困難になったとしてその蔵書等の引き取り先を検討していた、ロンドン・メトロポリタン大学の女性図書館（Women's Library）が、ロンドン・スクール・オブ・エコノミクス（LSE）へ場を移し、存続することになりました。1926年に女性サービスのためのロンドン協会（London Society for Women’s Service）の図書館として開設された女性図書館は、女性史等に関する資料を多数所蔵する図書館として知られています。LSEは今後、女性図書館の資料の更なる充実化と資料のデジタル化公開等に取り組むとし、2013年に同館を一般に公開するとしています。
◎The Women's Library @ LSE http://www2.lse.ac.uk/library/news/Womens-Library.aspx
◎The Women's Library http://www.londonmet.ac.uk/thewomenslibrary/
◎LSE to be new home for the Women's Library (London Metropolitan University) http://www.londonmet.ac.uk/news/news-releases/2012-press-releases/new-home-for-the-womens-library.cfm
◇富士フイルム、固定レイアウト専用のEPUB3電子書籍オーサリングソフト「GT-EpubAuthor for Fixed Layout」を発売
（2012-10-02 12:03:49 hon.jp Day Watch）
富士フイルム株式会社（本社：東京都港区）は10月1日、コミック作品など固定レイアウト型のEPUB電子書籍を制作するためのWindowsソフト「GT-EpubAuthor for Fixed Layout」を発売した。
価格はオープンプライスで、動作にはWindows 7 Professional SP1（64bit）以降が必要（USBドングル付き）。【hon.jp】
◎富士フイルムのプレスリリース（ http://www.fujifilm.co.jp/corporate/news/articleffnr_0697.html ）
◇E-Books in Libraries: Ownership Versus Access
（October 2, 2012 Jeremy Greenfield, Digital Book World)
Simmering all last year, the disagreements between libraries and publishers have broken into a rolling boil. After trading angry letters, associations representing publishers and librarians had a face-to-face tete-a-tete which I don’t think did too much to repair relations. (Although the library delegation feels more positively about it, which I think is a good thing.)
While it’s an issue that librarians say is of crucial importance to them, it’s not one that’s of great economic importance to publishers at this point. (That’s not to say it’s of no economic importance or that it couldn’t become an issue of great economic importance down the road; it’s just to say that right now, publishers are able to survive in the marketplace without selling e-books to libraries.)
Still, I believe publishers want to develop libraries as a viable sales (and marketing) channel for their e-books. They just want to do it in a way that’s most profitable to them while serving the marketplace.
Publishers, by their actions, seem to be demonstrating this by steady, albeit too slow for some, movement toward more e-book access for libraries. For instance, it just came out that by year’s end Penguin will extend its e-book lending pilot through 3M to all of the vendor’s clients (about 70 in all). It’s a small step but, like all steps in this market, symbolic.
That said, I think some aspects of the discussion around libraries and e-books aren’t being fully explored or looked at in all possible useful ways. For instance, take this really interesting comment on this post about the ALA/AAP meeting, which brings up for me a way of thinking about it that I hadn’t considered before.
From Diane Bronson, collection development coordinator at Live Oak Public Libraries:
Why are librarians so hung up on ownership when we will never own digital media anyway? What we should be concerned with (and I cannot understand why ALA can’t see this) is ACCESS.
We have never whimpered and whined about owing the databases to which we all so readily subscribe. That model of digital access has been in front of our noses for the last 30 years and yet we are busily trying to stuff the square peg of ownership into the round hole of librarie’s historical access to printed materials! Well, folks, these are NOT physical objects and its time we stopped trying fit our models for accessing physical objects into the reality of digital.
The only reason libraries ever needed to own books was so we could provide ACCESS to them! Ownership was simply the only way to provide access to physical objects like books, DVDs, cassettes, etc. Now we don’t need to own them anymore ? we just need to provide access at a fair and reasonable cost, one which will compensate authors and publishers for their work and allow libraries to provide access to digital books in an affordable manner.
Subscription access is a model that has worked for decades for libraries. Why is ALA (and the rest of the world, for that matter) ignoring this option? Freading is the only model out there for ebooks (that I’ve found) giving libraries and their patrons the best of both worlds. Easy access to thousands of ebooks at a reasonable cost PER USE. Our library subscribes and I can’t think of a more economical model for libraries or publishers.
Publishers provide a list of all of their digital materials. They range from bestsellers to years-old backlist titles. Library users browse the contents and download whatever they find interesting. The library pays a small charge (ranging from $0.50 to $2.00 depending on the title) for each use.
◎Who wins? EVERYONE.
Publishers get to chance to promote and profit from their entire list ? not just the few titles libraries can afford to buy at inflated prices. Publishers and authors get paid, often for titles they wouldn’t have a hope of selling to libraries under current models.
Library users get a large choice of titles, not just the limited number that libraries can afford to make available under current models.
And libraries get instant access to large collections of ebooks ? without having to reinvent their entire library collections, selecting every title individually, spending precious library staff time and tax dollars at a rate of 2 or 3 times the list price of a print book, and taking the chance that no one will want it after all that. Access fees are paid only when a book is actually downloaded. No platform charges, no set-up fees, just the cost per download.
Can cash-strapped libraries ask for a better deal that this? Can publishers? Why are we both ignoring a successful business model that’s been satisfactorily in use for years? Can someone explain this?
I feel as if the entire library world has just discovered audio CDs, and is trying to figure out how to make them work on a cassette player.
I love this idea for a model and especially the kicker. You go, Diane!
What do you all think? Is this a good idea? Is there a good reason why it wouldn’t work?
◇NYPL, BPL, 3M Officially Launch Penguin Ebook Pilot Test
（October 1, 2012, By Matt Enis, The Digital Shift）
The 3M Cloud Library, the New York Public Library (NYPL), the Brooklyn Public Library (BPL), and publisher Penguin Books have officially launched a pilot program that will allow patrons of the two systems to check out a selection of Penguin ebook titles six months after initial publication. NYPL will also offer additional titles from the 3M cloud library, the company said in an announcement today.
The pilot was first announced in June, four months after Penguin terminated its contract with OverDrive and, as a result, effectively stopped selling new ebook content to libraries.
In a recent interview, Christopher Platt, NYPL director of collections and circulation operations, said that the initial launch of the test would be relatively quiet on NYPL’s end.
“As we would with any new distributor, we’ll start kind of small and make sure it’s working the way we want it to, and developing in the direction that we want it to develop…we don’t want to do a huge marketing push, only because we’d get 50,000 people interested in a few hundred titles, and we would have holds lists a mile long,” he explained.
The details remain the same: Penguin will make ebooks available for the libraries to purchase six months after initial publication on an annually renewable basis. Patrons will be able to access and check out these ebooks offsite using a 3M Cloud Library app on devices including iPhones, iPads, Nooks, and Android devices.
After the initial announcement, Anthony Marx, NYPL president, called the partnership “a powerful first step toward libraries and publishers working together to build a model that meets the needs of our ever-changing society. As ebooks grow in popularity, libraries nationwide have faced diminishing access to that content. As such, the library is determined to work together with publishers and authors to craft a fair way to ensure ebooks are available to libraries and their users.”
After the initial June announcement, then-president of the American Library Association Molly Raphael also praised the plan, saying “I applaud Penguin’s decision today to re-start e-book sales to libraries so that we may again meet our mutual goals of connecting authors and readers. This has been at the core of ALA’s outreach to Penguin and other major publishers over the past six months, and I am thrilled they are willing to try new business models in collaboration with libraries. This is an important development in our evolving relationship with publishers and intermediaries… I hope we’ll be hearing more announcements like this very soon.”
If not precisely ‘very soon’ thereafter, Macmillan did confirm in September that the company is also working on a pilot project that will test lending of its ebook titles at libraries.
◇IDPF to Create EPUB3 Test Suite for E-Readers
（October 1, 2012 Digital Book World）
The International Digital Publishing Forum, a standards organization for the digital book publishing industry and champion for the EPUB3 e-book format, will be releasing a test suite for e-readers to determine how EPUB3 compliant they are.
The move is part of a larger campaign by the IDPF to make EPUB3, an e-book format built on the ubiquitous website coding language HTML-5, the standard format for e-books. While many publishers have come out in support of standardization and of the EPUB3 format in particular, popular retailers that have to build their e-readers to support functionality that EPUB3 allows have yet to universally adopt both the concept of standardization and any particular format.
When loaded onto a particular e-reader, say iBooks, which supports much of EPUB3 functionality, the test suite will tell the user what EPUB3 functionality the e-reader supports, what functionality it doesn’t and to what degree.
“EPUB3 adoption will evolve based on the business constraints of the retailers and publishers,” he said, adding that the test suite is only one of the initiatives that the IDPF is working on.
In addition to iBooks, both Google and Kobo e-readers support some parts of EPUB3.
◇Readium Launched on Chrome Web Store
（SEPTEMBER 26, 2012 International Digital Publishing Forum）
The Readium open source project to develop an EPUB 3 reference implementation, sponsored by IDPF and other supporters, continues to rapidly evolve. The Chrome web app configuration of Readium was recently launched on the Chrome Web Store, and can be installed via https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/fepbnnnkkadjhjahcafoaglimekefifl .
As Readium converges towards 100% EPUB 3 conformance, some supporters would like to utilize Readium in production-level solutions. IDPF is presently working with Readium contributors to establish a longer-term Readium roadmap. We encourage additional supporters and contributors to get involved, see the Readium Dev Blog for more information.
◇DAISY and NFB Ask U.S. State Dept. for EPUB Support
（SEPTEMBER 26, 2012 International Digital Publishing Forum）
DAISY Consortium and the National Federation for the Blind (NFB) recently submitted a response to a Request for Information (RFI) from the U.S. State Department regarding its planned e-reader initiative, expressing concern about accessibility and requesting support for the EPUB open standard format. The DAISY/NFB full response is available at: https://www.nfb.org/images/nfb/documents/word/nfb_daisy_rfi_comments%20_9-7-12.docx .
◎How Open Is It? - Request for Public Comment（SPARC 2012/9/25付け情報） http://www.arl.org/sparc/publications/papers/HowOpenIsIt.shtml
（2012/9/25 12:32 INTERNET Watch 増田 覚）
「Google Play」において、電子書籍を販売する「Google Play ブックス」が日本向けにもサービスを開始した。
購入した電子書籍は好きなデバイスからアクセスして閲覧できる。ブラウザー経由のほか、AndroidおよびiOS向けの専用アプリも提供する。Android向けビューアーアプリ「Google Play ブックス」は日本向けサービス開始に合わせてアップデートし、縦書きレイアウトと日本語フォントの書籍に対応した。iOS向けビューワーアプリは近日中に提供する予定。
Sony ReaderやKobo Touch、Nookなど、Adobe eBook Platformに対応する85種類以上の電子書籍リーダーもサポート。現時点でAmazon Kindleとの互換性はないが、将来サポートを検討する可能性があるとしている。
なお、Google Play ブックスで提供されている日本語書籍のタイトル数や参加出版社数については、グーグルでは公表していない。
◎Google Playの書籍ストア https://play.google.com/store/books
◇MacMillan to Pilot E-Book Library Lending Program
（September 24, 2012 Digital Book World）
Major publisher Macmillan is reportedly going to engage in a pilot program to test e-book library lending, according to Publishers Weekly.
Macmillan confirmed the news in a statement to Publishers Weekly:
“We have been working hard to develop an e-book lending model that works for all parties, as we value the libraries and the role they play in the reading community. We are currently finalizing the details of our pilot program and will be announcing it when we are ready, and not in reaction to a demand.”
Macmillan is one of two major book publishers that does not currently sell e-books to libraries for lending. Simon & Schuster is the other publisher.
Random House and HarperCollins sell e-books to libraries, but with caveats: Random House e-books cost much more for libraries to purchase them than consumers; HarperCollins e-books may only be lent out 26 times before they need to be purchased again.
Penguin and Hachette are currently engaging in pilot library e-book lending programs. It recently came to light that Hachette raised the prices it charges libraries for its back-list of e-books by an average of 104%.
◇Harvard Business Review Offering DRM-Free eBooks
（SEP 19, 2012 By Michael Kozlowski Good E-Reader）
Digital Rights Management is a hot button issue and many companies employ it to discourage illegal file sharing on the internet. It also ensures that people are not taking the books and reselling them to other people. There are plenty of reasons why DRM is adopted by the big six publishers, but others see it as hindering the ebook experience. When you buy a book it is often complicated to transfer it to your other devices and sometimes you are locked into a particular ecosystem. The Harvard Business Review joins the ranks of TOR by announcing today that they are offering digital content without encryption.
The Harvard Business Review recently launched its own online bookstore and is now offering books with no DRM. “We make our ebooks available to you DRM-free so you can read them on the device of your choice,” the digital publishing house said in a statement. “We trust that our customers will abide by copyright law and refrain from distributing ebook files illegally.”
It is important to note that the non-encrypted books come at a higher cost. One book, for example, currently costs $17.99 when purchased directly from the Harvard Business Reviews website, but costs only $10 on Amazon. Keep in mind, however, the books that cost more are able to be read on any e-reader or tablet, while Amazon books are only available on the Kindle or Kindle supported apps.
◇【イベント】第5回SPARC Japan セミナー2012「Open Access Week − 日本におけるオープンアクセス，この10年これからの10年」（10/26・東京）
2012年10月26日に国立情報学研究所（NII）で第5回SPARC Japan セミナー2012「Open Access Week − 日本におけるオープンアクセス，この10年これからの10年」が開催されます。今年のオープンアクセスウィークである10月22日から28日の期間中の一イベントとして位置づけられています。日本におけるオープンアクセスの全体像を俯瞰し、将来を展望することを目的として、海外事例の紹介や国内の活動報告、パネルディスカッションが行われます。
◎第5回 SPARC Japan セミナー2012「Open Access Week − 日本におけるオープンアクセス，この10年これからの10年」（NII） http://www.nii.ac.jp/sparc/event/2012/20121026.html
（2012年09月19日 18時45分 更新 eBook USER）
英語版Wikipediaでは2010年5月から「create a book」機能を提供しており、ユーザーはページ内のcreate a bookリンクで機能をオンにすれば、指定された記事をPDF形式で出力可能だった。今回、出力メニューに新しくEPUB形式が追加されたことで、自分専用の旅行ガイドブックや電子教科書が簡単に作成できるようになった。
なお、create a book機能そのものは、現時点でも日本語版Wikipediaでは公開されていないようだ。
◇American Library Association Statement on Hachette Library E-Book Price Increase
（September 14, 2012 Digital Book World）
ALA decries Hachette’s 220% library ebook price increase
The American Library Association (ALA) denounces Hachette Book Group’s reported decision to raise the price of ebooks to the library market starting October 1. ALA President Maureen Sullivan issued the following statement:
“When Hachette announced it was stepping back into the library ebook market this past May with pilots that would bring a selection of its recent bestsellers to millions of library patrons, the ALA welcomed this news. Leaving our meeting with them, we were pleased that they recognized libraries as strong partners?as direct customers and marketers of their titles, as well as integral community institutions that must be supported as a fundamental cornerstone of literacy.
“After these tentative steps forward, we were stunned to learn that Hachette plans to more than triple its prices for ebook sales to libraries starting October 1. Now we must ask, ‘With friends like these…?’
“We are weary of faltering half steps and even more so of publishers that refuse to sell ebook titles to libraries at all. Today I have asked the ALA’s Digital Content & Libraries Working Group to develop more aggressive strategies and approaches for the nation’s library community to meet these challenges.
“Libraries must have the ability to purchase a wide range of digital content at a fair price so that all readers have full access to our world’s creative and cultural resources, especially the many millions who depend on libraries as their only source of reading material.”
◇Update on EPUB Lightweight Copy Protection Activity
（SEPTEMBER 13, 2012 International Digital Publishing Forum）
IDPF received 8 responses to its recent request for proposals for solutions to potential requirements for standardizing a lightweight copy protection technology for EPUB. Specific proposals were received from DRMinside, FileOpen Systems, Kobo, Marlin Developer Community, RHK, and Sony DADC. As well two additional respondents, Barnes & Noble and Sony Digital Reading Business Division, provided feedback and indicated potential interest in contributing to standardized technology in this area, without making specific solution proposals. IDPF and its expert consultant are following up with respondents to help us evaluate proposals received to date and determine specific steps relative to potentially extending EPUB in this area. The IDPF expects to consider during this phase of the evaluation process any additional responses received; i.e., the original RFP deadline can be considered extended until September 27, 2012.
◇米Amazon、Mac OS X版「Kindle」電子書籍ビューワーをアップデート、日本語にも正式対応
（2012-09-11 10:59:55 hon.jp DayWatch）
Amazon社（本社：米国ワシントン州）は現地時間9月10日、Mac OS X版「Kindle」電子書籍ビューワーをVersion 1.10.3にアップデートし、日本語にも正式対応した。
この新バージョンでは、最新Kindle端末などでサポートされているHTML／CSS系電子書籍フォーマット「KF8」に初対応し、日本語も正式サポートされた。ただ、日本のAmazon.co.jpでは日本版Kindle Storeがまだオープンしておらず、KF8形式フォーマットの現仕様では使えるタグがかなり制限されているため、EPUB3レベルの日本語組版表示はまだ無理の模様。Mac OS X 10.6以降の「Mac AppStore」を介して無料ダウンロードできる。
◎Mac AppStoreの配信リンク（ http://itunes.apple.com/jp/app/kindle/id405399194?mt=12 ※要：Mac OS X 10.6以降）
◇Amazon、「Kindle Paperwhite」「Kindle Fire HD」を発表
（2012年09月07日 03時30分 更新 eBook USER 西尾泰三，ITmedia）
米Amazon.comは9月6日（現地時間）、同社の電子書籍リーダー「Kindle」の最新モデル「Kindle Paperwhite」、タブレット製品「Kindle Fire HD」を発表した。
Kindle Paperwhiteは、6インチの電子ペーパーディスプレイを搭載する点は従来モデルと変わらない。ただし、そのディスプレイはE Inkではなく、製品名にも付けられている「Paperwhite」という新開発のディスプレイのようだ。コントラストは25％UP、62％のピクセル数増により、212ppiの解像度を持つという。本体の厚さは9.1ミリ、重さは7.5オンス（約212グラム）。価格は3G搭載モデルが179ドル、Wi-Fiモデルが119ドルで（いずれも広告付き、広告なしモデルはそれぞれ20ドル高）、10月1日から出荷される。タッチ操作に非対応の従来モデル（Kindle 4）は新しいフォントなどを追加し、69ドルで販売される。
ここ1年ほどで電子ペーパーベースの電子書籍リーダーに搭載され始めたフロントライトを新たに追加したのも特徴の1つ。電子ペーパーはその特性上、暗いところでは読めないという特徴があった。それ故、場所を選ばず読めるようフロントライトを搭載するのがトレンドになりつつある。その先鞭（せんべん）を付けたのは米国内最大の書店チェーンBarnes & Nobleの「NOOK Simple Touch with GlowLight」だが、同製品は供給体制が計画通りでなかったことなどが影響し、売り上げを伸ばすのに苦労していた。
Amazonが発表するKindleの最新モデルに、E Ink Pearlより新しい世代のパネルが搭載されるかは注目とされていた。ソニーが9月21日から国内販売を開始するPRS-T2は表示制御の技術面でE Ink Pearlのポテンシャルをかなり引き出したが、パネル自体の世代が変わるとしたら、製品としてはタイミングが悪いと言わざるを得ないからだ。しかしAmazonは今回、Paperwhiteという新開発のディスプレイを採用した。これがどの程度の性能なのかは追ってレビューをお届けしたい
◎8.9インチタブレット「Kindle Fire HD」
一方、2011年11月に同社が市場に送り出した最初の7インチタブレットの後継製品にも注目が集まっていたが、既存モデルをCPUやメモリのアップグレードで40％のパフォーマンス向上を果たしたものを159ドルに値下げして販売、さらに、新たに「Kindle Fire HD」を発表した。従来のKindle Fireと同じ7インチモデルのほか、8.9インチモデルの「Kindle Fire HD 8.9"」がラインアップされている。
Kindle Fire HDは7インチ（1280×800ピクセル）または8.9インチ（1920×1200ピクセル、254ppi）の液晶ディスプレイを備える。後者はSoCにはTIのOMAP 4470 1.5GHzを採用、厚さ8.8ミリ、重さ20オンス（約567グラム）。いずれも2.4GHz帯と5GHz帯の2つの周波数帯域を利用してネットワークを高速化するMIMO通信をサポートしている。スピーカーはデュアルステレオスピーカー。HDMI出力やBluetoothといったKindle Fireには非搭載だったものが搭載されている。
ラインアップは16Gバイトモデルからで、価格は7インチのKindle Fire HDが199ドルから、Kindle Fire HD 8.9"が299ドルから。Kindle Fire HD 8.9"は4G LTEを搭載したモデル（32Gバイト）も用意され、こちらは499ドル。出荷は11月20日からとなっている。
Kindle Paperwhite 3G（新製品、179ドル、10月1日出荷開始）
Kindle Fire HD（新製品、7インチ、199ドル〜、9月14日出荷開始）
Kindle Fire HD 8.9"（新製品、8.9インチ、299ドル〜、11月20日出荷開始）
Peter Suber氏が刊行している“SPARC Open Access Newsletter”の第165号（2012年9月2日付け）に、英国を中心とした欧州におけるここ数か月間のオープンアクセスに関する動きを整理した記事が掲載されています。「オープンアクセスに向かう英国及び欧州の地殻変動（Tectonic movements toward OA in the UK and Europe）」と題されたもので、2012年7月16日に英国で公表された3種類の文書や通称「Finchレポート」に端を発する動きについてその背景や文書の基本的事項からまとめています。その目次は以下のとおりです。
1. Three major OA announcements from the UK on the same day
2. Some recent history as context for these announcements
3. Basics of the new RCUK policy
4. Basics of the Finch recommendations
5. General agreement between the RCUK policy and Finch recommendations
6. Appreciation of the large-scale shift to OA in the UK
7. Some consequences for journals and authors
8. Responding to publisher fears of green OA
9. Objections and recommendations
10. Announcements from Europe the day after the UK announcements
◇Korean E-Book Market to Boom? Google Thinks So
（September 6, 2012 Digital Book World）
Google chose Korea as the first Asian country in which to launch its e-book business, reports the Korea Herald.
Google is partnering with local publishers to offer Korean readers books on Android smartphones. Google Books will be available on iPhones and iPads soon, the company said.
Google chose Korea as its first Asian market for e-books because of the country’s high adoption rate for smartphones, a Google spokesperson told the Korea Herald.
The Korean e-book market was about 289.1 billion won (about $255 million) last year, according to the Korea Electric Publishing association, which also predicted that the market would double in size in 2013 and comprise 20% of the total publishing market at that point. If that’s the case, it would put the U.S. e-book market about a year ahead of the Korean market in terms of e-book adoption.
◇National Federation of the Blind Comments on New Kindles
（Thursday, September 6, 2012 National Federation of the Blind）
Baltimore, Maryland (September 6, 2012): The National Federation of the Blind, the nation’s leading advocate for accessible technology and content, commented today on Amazon’s press conference announcing new Kindle e-readers and tablets.
Dr. Marc Maurer, President of the National Federation of the Blind, said: “The U.S. Department of State has just withdrawn a single-source contract proposal involving the Kindle family of devices, possibly due to our concerns about the lack of accessibility in virtually all iterations of the Kindle. Despite the State Department action, our repeated encouragement of Amazon to incorporate accessibility, and the fact that companies like Apple and Google are actively engaged in the incorporation of accessibility features into their devices, there is no evidence that these new Kindles are accessible. It seems abundantly clear where Amazon stands. The National Federation of the Blind will continue to fight for access to all manner of devices and content and to oppose the deployment of inaccessible devices and content by entities that are covered by our nation’s disability laws.”
（2012-09-05 17:29:42 hon.jp DayWatch）
たとえば米国の電子書籍ニュースサイト「Digital Book World」の最新記事では、読者側の「電子書籍は紙書籍の1割程度でいいはずだ」という主張に対し、出版社側が「電子書籍の制作コストは意外に高い。9割程度が適正」と反論している様子を載せている。
◎Digital Book Worldの記事（ http://www.digitalbookworld.com/2012/consumers-upset-and-confused-over-e-book-pricing/ ）
◎The Future of Italian Libraries: A conversation with Stefano Parise of AIB ? Italian Library Association(TeleRead 2012/9/1付け記事) http://www.teleread.com/library/the-future-of-italian-libraries-a-conversation-with-stefano-parise-president-of-aib/
◇Digital Book World 2013 の申し込みが開始
（2012-08-31 15:53:06 hon.jp DayWatch）
電子書籍のカンファレンスとしては世界最大規模となる「Digital Book World 2013」への参加申し込みがおととい29日から始まった。同カンファレンスは来年2013年の1月15〜17日に、ニューヨークのヒルトンホテルで開催される。10月5日までは早期申し込み割引で200ドル安い、1395ドルで申し込める。(全てのイベントに参加する場合。)
◎Digital Book Worldの記事 (http://www.digitalbookworld.com/2012/registration-open-for-digital-book-world-2013/)
◇Barnes & Noble Lands Three More UK Partnerships
（August 30, 2012 Jeremy Greenfield, Digital Book World)
Building on the momentum from this week’s announcement of a partnership with UK electronics retailer John Lewis, Barnes & Noble has secured three more retail partners to sell its Nook devices in the country starting this fall.
Argos, Blackwell’s and Foyles will all begin selling Nook products over the next several months, in time for the holiday shopping season, Barnes & Noble said in a statement this morning. The partners will start by selling the Nook e-ink devices.
Argos is a Target-like retailer with about 700 stores across the UK. Barnes & Noble said that 90% of the population lives within 10 miles of an Argos location. Like John Lewis, Barnes & Noble’s first partner, Argos also sells Kindle and Kobo devices.
Blackwell’s is an academic bookstore with 55 locations at universities around the country. Blackwell’s has told Digital Book World that it will not be seeking out additional partnerships like the one it has formed with Barnes & Noble (read: it won’t be selling the Kindle any time soon).
“We carried out a large amount of research on e-reader devices before deciding to partner with Barnes & Noble. The Nook devices offer the best solution for our customers who are typically students and those from an academic background. We only want to offer our customers a product which we feel meets their needs. Blackwell’s are not looking for any new partners in addition to Barnes & Noble,” said a Blackwell’s spokesperson in a statement.
Foyles, an independent bookshop chain with six locations in London and Bristol, UK. Foyles does not sell Kindle or Kobo devices at the moment, a company spokesperson told Digital Book World, but is open to “new ways in which to deliver books to its customers.” Its agreement with Barnes & Noble to sell the Nook is not exclusive, the spokesperson added.
“Foyles is committed to offering a range of reading options for our customers,” said Foyles CEO Sam Husain. “Although we are free to sell other e-readers we recommend the Nook as the leading e-reading device.”
Foyles has its own e-bookstore with partner Txtr.
In addition to the partnership with John Lewis, these new deals bring the number of stores selling Nook devices in the UK to nearly 800. Considering their respective partnerships with Waterstones (296 locations) and WHSmith, in addition to being sold in Argos and John Lewis, Amazon and Kobo still seem to have more significant retail presences in the country.
◇National Federation of the Blind Settles Complaint Against Sacramento Public Library
（August 30, 2012, National Federation of the Blind）
Library Will Deploy Accessible E-readers to Blind and Print-disabled Patrons
Baltimore, Maryland (August 30, 2012): The National Federation of the Blind (NFB), the nation’s leading advocate for access to information by the blind and other people with print disabilities, announced today that a complaint filed by the NFB with the United States Department of Justice, Office of Civil Rights, against the Sacramento Public Library Authority has been resolved. The NFB filed the complaint last fall because the library was lending NOOK e-readers preloaded with e-books to its patrons. Unlike some other e-reading devices, the NOOK, which is manufactured and sold by Barnes & Noble, cannot be used by blind and print-disabled readers because it does not have text-to-speech capability or the ability to send content to a Braille display.
The goal of the agreement is “to provide a library e-reader circulation program where library patrons, with and without vision disabilities, are able to access and use the same technology to the maximum extent possible.” Under the agreement, the library will “acquire only technology that does not exclude persons who are blind or others” who need accessibility features such as text-to-speech or Braille output and the ability to access the device’s menus and controls independently. The library’s commitment is also in line with a resolution passed in 2009 by the American Library Association entitled Purchasing of Accessible Electronic Resources, which urged “all libraries purchasing, procuring, using, maintaining and contracting for electronic resources and services” to “require vendors to guarantee that products and services comply with Section 508 regulations, Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0, or other applicable accessibility standards and guidelines.”
Dr. Marc Maurer, President of the National Federation of the Blind, said: “We are pleased that the Sacramento Public Library Authority is showing leadership by ensuring that the e-books that it lends will be accessible to all of its patrons, including those who are blind or have print disabilities. E-books represent an opportunity for the blind to have access to the same books at the same time as our sighted friends, family, and colleagues, but sadly most e-book vendors have not designed their technology so that it can be used by the blind, despite the fact that it is not difficult or costly to do so. Libraries, schools, and other institutions have a legal and moral obligation to make sure that the content they deploy is accessible to the blind and print-disabled. If they meet these obligations by demanding accessibility from their e-book vendors, then accessibility will happen.”
◇Amazon Launches App Store in Five Countries in Europe
（August 30, 2012, Digital Book World）
Amazon Appstore Launches in Europe; Now Available in the U.K., Germany, France, Italy and Spain
Amazon Appstore rollout across the EU is the latest in a series of additions that make Amazon the most complete end-to-end platform for developers looking to build, market and monetize their apps and games
SEATTLE & LUXEMBOURG?(BUSINESS WIRE)?Aug. 30, 2012? (NASDAQ: AMZN) ? Amazon.com, Inc. today announced the launch of its Amazon Appstore in the U.K., Germany, France, Italy and Spain, giving European customers access to Amazon’s broad selection of quality Android apps with the convenience of shopping on Amazon from their Android phones and tablets. Customers can get the Amazon Appstore for their Android phones and tablets by visiting www.amazon.com/getappstore.
Amazon’s Appstore offers a great selection of games and apps, including local favorites like “Jamie Oliver’s 20 Minute Meals” and “Skyscanner,” established bestsellers like “Fruit Ninja” and “Cut the Rope,” and new apps from top-tier brands like Rovio and Glu Mobile. In addition to localized content and a localized mobile store for each specific country, European customers will have access to popular Amazon Appstore features like the “Free App of the Day,” which offers a paid app for free every day. Today’s Free App of the Day is the ad-free version of “Angry Birds.” All Free Apps of the Day are specially-selected for the Free App of the Day program. Apps and games purchased from Amazon can be used across a customer’s Android devices, enabling them to buy an app or game once and enjoy it everywhere.
The Amazon Appstore also includes popular Amazon features like personalized recommendations, Customer Reviews and 1-Click payments. In order to ensure that customers have the best possible experience with the apps they purchase, apps are Amazon-tested and backed by Amazon’s world-class customer support.
“Customers in the U.S. have purchased millions of apps, games, in-app items and subscriptions since the store launched last year, and we’ve received great feedback about discovery features like Free App of the Day. We evaluate and test games and apps before making them available in the Appstore so we ensure customers have a great experience with the games and apps they purchase,” said Jim Adkins, Vice President of Amazon Appstore. “Amazon has spent years developing innovative features that help customers find and discover the products that are right for them and have applied that know-how to the Amazon Appstore. We’re delighted to extend that experience to our European customers.”
Amazon continues to roll out services and features that make it the most complete end-to-end solution for developers wanting to build, market and monetize their apps and games. Developers can build their apps and games using Amazon Web Service’s industry-leading infrastructure platform. For important audience engagement features like Leaderboards, Achievements and Syncing game state between devices, developers can use Amazon’s new GameCircle services. To gain exposure to tens of millions of customers, developers can list their apps in the Amazon Appstore and take advantage of awareness-building programs like Free App of the Day. And, to monetize their apps and games, developers can use Amazon’s industry-leading e-commerce and payment capabilities like In-App Purchasing and Subscriptions.
“Amazon’s Free App of the Day program is really unique,” said Peter Vesterbacka, Rovio Mighty Eagle and CMO. “Over the past year we have offered Amazon customers some of our best-selling premium games like “Angry Birds Rio” and “Angry Birds Seasons” for free, and the response has been truly overwhelming. We are pleased to offer Amazon customers another one of our most popular premium titles, “Angry Birds,” for free today.”
“Amazon customers are very important to us, and “Cut the Rope” and “Cut the Rope: Experiments” have been in the top of the charts on Amazon Appstore in the U.S. We are focused on delivering great gaming experiences to our users all over the world, and are looking forward to reaching more “Cut the Rope” fans as Amazon launches its store in Europe,” said Misha Lyalin, CEO, ZeptoLab.
“At Glu we’ve always been an early adopter of Amazon services for both building and selling our mobile games. For example, “Frontline Commando” was one of the first games on the Amazon Appstore to offer IAP and subscriptions. This game also leverages Amazon’s S3 and Sync services,” said Niccolo de Masi, Chief Executive Officer of Glu Mobile. “Amazon offers us exposure to its large customer base and we will continue to use the Amazon platform in our efforts to grow our business.”
“We are big fans of Amazon Appstore and have seen tremendous growth in our business since we started releasing our apps on the Amazon platform,” said Suli Ali, CEO of TinyCo. “We have been extremely successful with Amazon’s In-App Purchasing. It was easy to implement, and we have generated significantly more revenue per customer than with any other platform. Since we have had such success with Amazon, when GameCircle was introduced, it was a no-brainer, we added it to our apps right away.”
In Germany, France and Italy, customers will find “App-Shop” available today; in Spain, customers will find “Tienda Apps;” and U.K. customers will find the “Amazon Appstore for Android.”
米Amazon.comが、Kindle専用電子書籍の購入・貸出を含めた利用回数が合計1億回を突破したと発表しました。貸出については、同社が2011年11月に開始した有料会員向けサービス“Kindle Owner's Lending Library”によるものです。Kindle用電子書籍は現在18万タイトルを数えるということです。人気タイトルには、27万回以上利用されたHelen Bryanの“War Brides”や、合わせて50万回以上となるKaren McQuestionの“A Scattered Life”“Easily Amused”“The Long Way Home”などがあるそうです。
◎Kindle-Exclusive Books Have Been Downloaded Over 100 Million Times（Amazon.com 2012/8/28付けプレスリリース） http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=176060&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=1729200&highlight=
◇What’s the Point of Publishers in a Digital Age?
（August 29, 2012 Digital Book World）
As e-books grow and bookstores close, there’s a growing murmur that publishers are no longer relevant in the digital age. Authors now have the ability to self-publish their books and get electronic distribution on their own. So, who needs a big legacy publisher to get their work to the masses? This sentiment is magnified as some frustrated authors leave their legacy publishers to chart their own path. A greater sense of freedom and control is offered in this brave new world where the author becomes the new publisher.
However, this utopian perspective forgets one major point ? human nature. All authors come standard with a healthy dose of ego. It takes cojones to tell the world, “I’ve written a book and you should read it.” And, the ego will never disappear, no matter what social media or digital technology might bring. The inner influence of ego makes a critical impact upon the way an author chooses to make his or her work public. That’s why the author ego may be the single biggest reason that publishers will continue to survive.
As a marketing consultant who’s coached over 400 authors, and an author myself, I’ve seen one desire remain constant. Authors want someone else to value their work. Writers light up when other people are willing to pay money up-front, dote upon, handle boring details, and sing the praises of their books. The ability to provide this type of assistance and stroke the author ego gives publishers legitimate power. When the average writer hears, “You’re special and we’ll help you,” how can they resist?
The more success an author achieves, the stronger the ego’s influence. For example, many of the recent successful self-published authors, such as Amanda Hocking, Paul Young, and Darcie Chan, didn’t stick with self-publishing. They jumped ship to lucrative contracts and a team of helpers at a legacy publishing house. Even Amazon, the company responsible for making self-publishing popular, has created their own legacy publisher imprints. Why? Authors generally make publishing decisions according to their egos. If you’re skeptical, let me be more specific. Here’s how the author / publisher dance works:
1. Authors want to get paid for their work. Publishers act like big literary banks, paying out advance money to purchase a manuscript. Most authors can’t resist someone offering a check for $15,000, 25,000, $100,000, or more. In addition, most authors have no desire to become a business-person or a full-time entrepreneur. Self-publishing poster boys, such as John Locke and J.A. Konrath, represent a small minority of serious writers. The typical author simply wants to write and enjoy the accolades. Why self-publish a book and try to sell each copy yourself, when you can get paid up-front with a fat check?
2. Authors hate dealing with the details. Publishers will do the dirty work. Creating a book involves boring stuff, such as editing, page layout, cover design, converting the manuscript to e-book format, sending sales information to retailers, setting up distribution accounts, managing payments, handling returns, etc. Plus, these steps don’t include the all-important need for consistent marketing. How can the author ego rebuff a team of people who say they’re willing to handle those aggravating details? You can argue that publishers tend to fail in the marketing department. But, if that’s the case, why do most authors keep coming back for more?
3. Authors want everyone to read their books. Publishers hold keys to access the masses. They can provide the inside track to national bookstore distribution or a coveted appearance on Good Morning America. While this aspect of publishing has largely become an empty promise, authors will still take the bait. A writer’s ego can’t resist telling friends, “Look at these great promotional activities my publisher is doing for my new book.” If those activities fail to occur, authors get mad and breakup with their publishers like pouty teenagers. But, the ego cannot survive alone, and before long they’re flirting with each other again.
The love/hate relationship between authors and publishers has endured for over a century. Digital self-publishing and e-books represent wonderful new opportunities. But, the power of new technology is no match against the power of human nature. Therefore, publishers need not fear extinction. The literary ecosystem is bound by an unseen force that affects every author. What’s the point of publishers? To exist and thrive by keeping the author ego healthy and alive.
◇What’s The Point of Publishers in a Digital Age: Response
（August 29, 2012 Bob Mayer, Digital Book World）
This blog post is a response to Rob Eagar’s post here at Digital Book World: What’s The Point of Publishers in a Digital Age. I was going to just make it a comment, but then it grew too big. I recommend you read his post first, and then mine, and the reality probably lies somewhere in the middle.
While human nature must certainly be factored in, and emotion does usually trump logic, when running a business, one must focus on logic. Publishers do indeed help the author ego, if that author happens to be in the top 5% of the ranks at their publisher. Below that, the experience is often the opposite. The midlist is usually the living hell of getting blown off by harried editors, being promised promotion just so you don’t call or email any more and when the book actually arrives, there is no promotion, and the reality is that when you don’t earn out, you are in essence going to get ‘fired’ by not getting renewed.
This was my experience over 42 titles with 4 of the Big 6. Even when I sold over a million books for Random House, they could have cared less. I didn’t see much ego stroking going on for most authors. But if you are in the elite 5%, certainly.
Actually, the more I think about it, publishers are running a business, not a therapy center. The bottom line rules for them and it needs to rule for authors. Publishers might stroke your ego if you’re earning big bucks for them, but like in professional sports, stop producing and bye-bye.
An author who makes business decisions based on their ego is an author who won’t be an author for long and I’ve watched those types of authors fall by the wayside since my first book came out in 1991.
You bring up some valid points, but also some questionable ones.
I very much agree the concept of “self-publishing” is an oxymoron. More than one or two titles and doing it alone is overwhelming. Authors do need publishers in one form or another. When you say that Hocking and others “jumped ship” you seem to indicate the indie ship is sinking. I’m not sure we ever had much of a ship to start with, but there are still quite a few of us out there making very good money. I’ve noticed a strong backlash against indies lately, but that’s for another day.
1. “Authors want to get paid for their work.” Yes, but fairly.
Advances? Dangerous and a way of doing business rooted in the past that I believe is now outdated. Profit sharing is the way of the future. At my publishing company there are no advances, but authors make just about 50% of cover price on their eBooks. The level of motivation for the author to participate in promoting and marketing is much higher when their share is higher. I can resist an advance when I’m earning on the back end. In fact, I just did?more on that later.
Enjoy the accolades? I really could care less. What I love about being an indie author are the multiple checks arriving ever month from all the platforms equaling from a “Very nice deal” to a “good deal” in Publishers Lunch parlance. Every month. I know exactly how much money is coming in at the end of September. I have a very good idea already how much at the end of October (both “very nice deal” months). How many traditionally published authors are earning and paid a very nice deal every single month? Few and far between. But the same is true for indies? a handful of us, and mostly because we owe a debt of gratitude to traditional publishers who published us in the first place. Although they did divorce us too.
I’ve enjoyed my checking account balance a lot more this year than the years I was a NY Times Bestselling Author. In all fairness, though, if I could not say I was a NY Times bestseller, that would certainly hold an appeal.
2. “Authors hate dealing with detail.” I do hate dealing with details. Why I started my own publishing company. Again, I think the life span of a true indie author who wants a career is a limited one without help. But that doesn’t necessarily have to be legacy publishers rooted in the old way of doing things. There are the Amazon imprints and smaller agile publishers, like Cool Gus, who understand the digital age and are committed to change and being ahead of the curve, instead of reacting to it. If a Big 6 is really on the ball with the digital age and offered an attractive deal, certainly I’d go for it. Some already have as you indicated. They know the details of their contracts and what’s been promised, so they obviously see a great appeal because they signed. But they usually sign at a level that gets them into that 5% club from the start.
3. “Authors want everyone to read their books.” I want people who pay to read my books at a royalty rate that is fair. With diminishing rack space, point three really applies to a small percentage of authors. Good Morning America? Come on. Top 5% again. Publishing is perfect for them, no doubt about it. Although, to be fair, those top tier authors bashing Amazon, really need to put up and have their publishers pull all their titles from Amazon. Can’t bash your cake and eat it too. I’m a publishing whore. I’d sign with Beelzebub Press if the deal made business sense. Right now, most traditional deals don’t.
Here’s what publishers and Amazon can bring to the table. Even having my own company, I just signed a three-book deal with 47North. For zero advance. In return for higher royalty rates and the promise of promotion (we’ll find out how that works starting 11 December). The reason I signed primarily is the ONE thing every author must have now: Discoverability. Some indies have it: Bella Andre. Barbara Freethy. I’ve got a very broad base across multiple genres, which isn’t the smartest business plan but the hand I dealt myself over 20 years. Frankly, I need Amazon’s marketing push to help the books they bought, but also to build my brand and sell my indie books.
I respectfully disagree with the last line of the post regarding the point of publishers: “To exist and thrive by keeping the author ego healthy and alive.”
Ego doesn’t pay the mortgage. An author more concerned with ego than business is looking for a job. I submit that the point of publishers in a digital age is to partner with authors in a fair royalty scheme so that all the players in the business are committed to getting books from the content creators, Authors, to the content consumers, readers. All must bring value to the table in one form or another.
◇Ebook Lending an International Problem
（AUG 28, 2012 By Mercy Pilkington）
In the US, libraries and their patrons have felt the frustration stemming from the artificial barriers to ebook lending that some publishers have put in place. While those barriers are meant to protect the interests of the authors and publishers until a better solution presents itself, it is the budget-constricted libraries and readers who are feeling the sting.
Platforms like OverDrive, 3M, Smashwords, and Bilbary are working diligently to provide digital content for libraries until the publishers’concerns?namely pricing, number of patron checkouts per ebook purchase, and piracy?are addressed.
But the problem is far from isolated to the US libraries. A document by New Zealand’s Association of Public Library Managers pinpoints the libraries’ main obstacle, namely the DRM status the limits how many times a book can be borrowed, breaks down the compatibility across different devices, and forces a waiting period on ebooks, therefore treating them like their print counterparts.
“We can understand where the publishers are coming from, but we want to make e-books available to the maximum number of people,” said Ian Littleworth, chair of the association, in an article for ComputerWorld. “A popular view among libraries, based on the strength of evidence from the world of printed books, is that lending can stimulate bookshop purchases. Many people on reading a good book from the library, will want to own it. We’ve been through this phase with printed books, and it’s just a question of e-books not having the same maturity.”
While there is no clear answer yet, opponents of Digital Rights Management have demonstrated that stripping away the “protection” on ebooks has actually led to an increase in book sales and a decrease in piracy, as consumers are often willing to pay for access to a book. Additionally, libraries have given evidence that patron borrowing often leads to book sales, especially in the case of sequels and book series. However the outcome that best suits all parties is reached, it is clear that libraries and publishers are in talks about how to best meet their needs.
◇Baker & Taylor Expands Digital Library Services
（August 28, 2012 Digital Book World）
Baker & Taylor Expands Collection Development Services for Libraries with FirstLook Digital for Electronic Content
Baker & Taylor Inc., the world’s largest distributor of digital and physical books, announced today that it is extending its popular FirstLook title notification service to include digital content. The first in a series of feature enhancements for libraries using Axis 360 that will be released over the coming months, FirstLook Digital enables librarians to identify and purchase important new digital and printed materials at the same time in one seamlessly integrated workflow.
Leveraging the Title Source 3 collection development tool suite, FirstLook Digital provides libraries with valuable and timely information on new titles that merit consideration for their collections. Libraries can customize FirstLook Digital to their interests and reduce the time they spend on manual searches. The FirstLook Digital service is free to Axis 360 customers.
“By reducing the time involved in identifying and ordering new digital titles, FirstLook Digital helps save librarians time, freeing them to spend more time helping their patrons or addressing other responsibilities,” said Martin Warzala, Baker & Taylor’s Director of Collection Development. “It allows libraries to have digital collections that are current and available to patrons as soon as the titles are published. With Baker & Taylor, librarians now have all the tools they need in one place, so they can get reliable guidance on and access to new titles across all formats of materials.”
The new service draws on Baker & Taylor’s extensive title database and is backed by the company’s experienced staff of collection development librarians. FirstLook Digital allows customers to receive scheduled Title Source 3 carts, which are organized in children’s, teen and adult categories. Baker & Taylor’s collection development team can also provide start-up Axis 360 collections tailored to the library’s needs and budget.
“We are thrilled to offer the full family of Baker & Taylor’s collection development services for our library customers and ultimately for their patrons,” Warzala said.
FirstLook Digital brings Baker & Taylor’s highly-regarded collection development services into the digital realm, employing the same processes that libraries are already using on Title Source 3 for printed books, books on CD, DVDs and CDs.
◇Google Nexus 7 Reaches France, Germany, and Spain
（AUG 27, 2012, By Sovan Mandal, Good E-Reader）
Nexus 7 is slowly opening up to more international markets and the latest countries where the Google tablet is available right now include France, Germany, and Spain. Prices mentioned are ?199 and ?249 for the 8 and 16 GB versions of the 7 inch tablet, which means buyers in the above mentioned countries are actually having to pay more than their US counterparts after the conversion rates are taken into consideration.
However, the consumers in the above European countries aren’t the only ones that would be counting losses, as Google will also have less to add to its coffers, since its Play Magazines and Play Music service still continue to be US only. Since the ultra low cost tablets are sold to make money by selling content via the official store (a strategy perfected by Amazon), Google will lose out on that with its content not available in those countries.
◇Kindle Owners’ Lending Library Now Has 180,000 Titles
（August 27, 2012 Digital Book World）
Amazon Prime Crosses Big Milestone: More Items Are Now Shipped with Prime Free Two-Day Shipping Than with Free Super Saver Shipping
Over seven years, Amazon has grown Prime selection by 15 times from one million to 15 million; added Kindle Owners’ Lending Library with over 180,000 books available to borrow for free; and introduced Prime Instant Video with over 22,000 movies and TV episodes available for instant unlimited streaming ? all without changing the price ? still only $79 per year
Kindle Fire owners receive one free month of Prime with the purchase of their device
SEATTLE?(BUSINESS WIRE)?Aug. 27, 2012? (NASDAQ:AMZN) ? In 2005, Amazon launched Amazon Prime, offering customers all-you-can-eat Free Two-Day Shipping on one million items for only $79 per year. Since that time, Amazon has significantly increased the benefits of Prime ? adding over 14 million eligible items to reach over 15 million; introducing Prime Instant Video, growing the number of movies and TV episodes from 5,000 at launch to over 22,000; and adding the Kindle Owners’ Lending Library, which started with 5,000 books to borrow for free with no due dates and now includes over 180,000 books. With all these new benefits, the price of Prime remains just $79. Today, Amazon announced that it now ships more items with Prime Free Two-Day Shipping than with Free Super Saver Shipping ? the program Amazon launched in 2002 that offers free shipping on orders over $25.
“Since Amazon launched in 1995, we’ve been focused on growing selection for our customers. Following the introduction of Amazon Prime in 2005, we’ve worked hard to grow Prime selection as well. We’re incredibly proud to be able to offer more than 15 million Prime items today. We’ve also grown the Prime Instant Video library to more than 22,000 movies and TV episodes, all with unlimited streaming, and Prime members can borrow more than 180,000 books for free, with no due dates, using the Kindle Owners’ Lending Library ? that’s up from roughly 5,000 when the program launched less than a year ago,” said Jeff Bezos, founder and CEO of Amazon. “Even seven years later, the price of Prime remains unchanged at $79 a year. Amazon Prime is the best bargain in the history of shopping, and it’s going to keep getting better.”
Amazon Prime Facts:
The top two items purchased with Prime Free Two-Day Shipping this year so far are the Kindle Fire and the $79 Kindle. Kindle Touch is number three and “Fifty Shades of Gray: Book One” is number four.
Amazon Prime now features more than 15 million unique items, all with Prime Free Two-Day Shipping.
Amazon Prime members could order 500 different items with Prime Free Two-Day Shipping every day of their lives and still not order every Prime item.
In a given week, 96.4 percent of the Prime Instant Video catalog is viewed.
The number of titles available for unlimited streaming through Prime Instant Video has increased from roughly 5,000 titles at launch to over 22,000 today. Just this year alone, the title count has grown from 13,000 to over 22,000, an increase of 70 percent.
In addition to hundreds of compatible TVs and Blu-ray players, you can now watch Prime Instant Video on Kindle Fire, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, and iPad.
The number of titles available through the Kindle Owners’ Lending Library has increased from roughly 5,000 at launch, less than one year ago, to over 180,000 today.
The most watched TV show available through Prime Instant Video is Downton Abbey Season 1.
The most watched movie available through Prime Instant Video is The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo (English Subtitled).
All seven Harry Potter titles are now available to check out, for free, with no due dates through the Kindle Owners’ Lending Library.
The most borrowed title in the history of Kindle Owners’ Lending Library is The Hunger Games.
“I’m a long-time Amazon customer and when they came up with Prime a few years ago I jumped on it! With Amazon Prime, in many cases I can have something delivered to my doorstep faster than I can find time to go shopping for it. Now with all the other benefits, such as free borrowing of Kindle books and watching instant videos, it has become an even better value.” ? Bill Ebersohl, Amazon Prime Member since 2005
“I’ve been a member of the Amazon Prime program since it launched and I find it a valuable savings for my purchases through Amazon. It especially pays for itself during my holiday shopping…It is a great value for your money to have a membership and I recommend it to everyone!” ? John Kelch, Amazon Prime Member since 2005
“We signed up for Prime as soon as it became available, because we immediately saw the value and convenience we would get from it. The fact that the yearly fee for Prime has not increased in seven years is even better, especially when members now get more perks with instant streaming of movies and TV programs and the ebook lending library.” ? Mollie Mondoux, Amazon Prime Member since 2005
◇Publishers Breaking Down Print, Digital Barriers
（AUG 26, 2012 By Mercy Pilkington Good E-Reader）
Random House Canada, a division of the major print publisher, has launched an online magazine and an ebook platform that is blurring the lines between the expected roles of the publisher and the current popularity of digital publishing. Named after a 19th century essayist, the online magazine, Hazlitt, will feature new content and short form reading. The ebook platform, Hazlitt Originals, will give voice to content that may not have been right for Random House in the world of print-only traditional publishing, but that can now be published digitally.
“No one can predict where things are going, but hopefully this will give great writers a place to tell great stories,” says Hazlitt editor-in-chief Christopher Frey in an interview with Tony Wong for The Star. “We hope to be quite writer-centric with established and emerging writers.”
As more and more magazines and newspapers take to the digital space in order to reach readers and save on printing and delivery costs, the world of long form journalism is opening up as well. No longer held to the constraints of print, more in-depth content is available to digital readers. Additionally, sites like Random House’s online venue do more than just sell titles and promote authors, they connect the readers with information while keeping that relationship ongoing.
米Microsoft社は現地時間8月20日、10月26日に発売予定の次期Windows OS「Windows 8」の公式プログラミング書を、発売直後あたりにEPUB／MOBI／PDF形式の電子書籍で無料公開する。
◎Microsoft Pressブログ告知（ http://bit.ly/Pz1B94 ）
◇Borrowing eBooks from Canadian Libraries Is on the Rise
（AUG 23, 2012, By Michael Kozlowski, Good E-Reader）
Canadian libraries are experiencing a boom period in lending out digital books. This is partly due to the presence of Overdrive and EBSCO in Canada, these two companies facilitates the entire infrastructure for libraries to easily offer books to patrons. Every month new branches are buying into the system and roughly 21% of the entire country has a digital lending strategy. This is stimulating record growth in this sector and customers are ultimately benefiting from free content.
In the first quarter of 2012, eBooks accounted for 28% of circulated loans, across the entire country. Also, 59.43% of book buyers claim to have visited the library within the last 12 months. Of those respondents, 19.4% visit the library, either in person or online, 2 to 3 times a month and 16.3% visited once a month. On an average week in Canada over 63,196 e-books are loaned out from the libraries. The entire industry in Canada saw a 50% increase in digital circulation from 2011 to 2012.
In 2011 Lumos Research for the Canadian Urban Libraries Council released a report that was very encouraging to the sustainability of the public library system in Canada. Across the country, library usage is up 45% over the past decade. It seems Canadians are not just borrowing eBooks from the library, but they are actively engaging in the culture. This is partly due to reading groups, bookclubs and places for young moms to grow their children’s minds.
Many large libraries in Canada are adopting an extensive digital strategy at the behest of tech savvy patrons. e-Readers, Tablets and Smartphones now allow patrons to easily borrow books with dedicated apps to borrow and read. The growth of this tech sector is partly due to the success of Kobo, which controls 47% of the entire Canadian market. In January 2011, the Canadian e-reader scene was controlled by Amazon and Sony, who each had 28% of the entire market. The big shift this year comes at the expense of Sony’s e-reader, which saw market penetration drop from a category leading penetration in January 2011 to a distant third at 18% in January 2012.
One of the most well known success stories in very traditional library adapting to the digital age is the The Grande Bibliotheque in Montreal Quebec. Membership has grown 17% over five years. The $142-million library, which opened in 2005, now has 286,000 active members and 3 million visits annually. The key to a library’s success, said Guy Berthiaume, director of the Grande Bibliotheque, is to adapt with the times. The Montreal library now has 200,000 ebook titles available with plans for more on the way. The library cites e-readers and tablets are being the primarily vehicle for patrons to read eBooks and not PC’s.
In essence, Canadian libraries only started seriously marketing eBooks in early 2010, when the EPUB standard was adopted. Before this standardized electronic format, many libraries only offered PDF books and did not have a digital infrastructure setup to loan them out online. You had to basically visit the library in person and access a computer to read them. The recent statistics included in this story are quite telling. In only a few short years the eBook segment is undergoing a period of sustained growth. One of the factors that hinders the entire industry is the “old guard.” This is a term coined by the younger librarians are are open to the idea of electronic content. The ‘Old Guard’ are mainly the bulk of current library administrators in Canada that have been running the show for the last four or five decades. They just don’t ‘get’ eBooks or see a need to change the status quo. This is especially prevalent in rural Canada, where the bulk of public libraries reside.
◇CourseSmart and STEPP Conduct a Study on the Accessibility of eTextbooks
（AUG 23, 2012, By Mercy Pilkington, Good E-Reader）
GoodeReader reported on digital textbook publisher CourseSmart’s involvement in a multi-year study by STEPP (STudent Erent Pilot Project) on how the rental of digital textbooks are affecting learning outcomes at the higher education level, with a special focus on providing easier and more cost effective accessibility for students with special needs. This week, Cindy Clarke, CourseSmart’s Vice President of Marketing, spoke with GoodeReader about the recent study and this need for a broader adoption of the existing technology.
“CourseSmart’s viewpoint on accessibility is that all students deserve to be treated equally and have equal access to course materials at an affordable price. It’s imperative that those who select course materials keep in mind the cost and accessibility.”
Studies have shown that those students who have early access to their materials are less likely to drop their classes and are more likely to do well, so the same accessibility is a concern for students have special considerations when relating to their texts, like a print-specific disability. For users with printer related disabilities, a browser based site is important. The browsing and purchasing capabilities are just as important as the reading experience for independent users.
“First time students were able to enjoy the benefits of etextbooks, like a savings of 50% over print, along with instant, anytime-anywhere access to their course materials on a web-enabled device so they don’t have to buy a specific device. Our reader enables all users to take notes, highlight, and to compile those notes and highlights in one easy to use tab. Very important for those with print related disabilities. It’s very easy for students using a e-textbooks to find what the professor is referring to since the pages in the digital textbook match the pages in the print textbook.”
STEPP began its study in 2010 using CourseSmart content, along with help from Alternative Media Access Center (AMAC) and Access Text Network (ATN), and is concerned with coming up with affordable texts for all students. Those consumers with print related disabilities are a subset of that group, which is important considering CourseSmart already has over three million student and faculty users in the US, UK, and Europe.
“One of the great things about the STEP program is it has great intentions and a great goal, but most important, the organization has been very focused on making sure we are achieving those goals. The good news is the initiative is performing against the goals, with 77% of students saying they did save money by renting etexts. 80% of students who needed an accessible textbook were satisfied with the quality, and nearly 80% of students said they accessible electronic text provided them with what they needed for class.”
◎Internet2 eTextbook Spring 2012 Pilot Final Project Report（PDF：40ページ） http://www.internet2.edu/netplus/etext/docs/eText-Spring-2012-Pilot-Report.pdf
◎Students Find E-Textbooks 'Clumsy' and Don't Use Their Interactive Features（The Chronicle of Higher Education 2012/8/22付け記事） http://chronicle.com/blogs/wiredcampus/students-find-e-textbooks-clumsy-and-dont-use-their-interactive-features
◇米国情報標準化機構、雑誌記事をXML形式で記述する“Journal Article Tag Suite”（ANSI/NISO Z39.96）バージョン1.0を公表
2012年8月22日、米国情報標準化機構（NISO）が、新しい標準規格“Journal Article Tag Suite（JATS）”（ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012）のバージョン1.0を公表しました。これは、学術論文などの雑誌記事をXML形式で記述するための共通規格で、米国国立医学図書館（NLM）の“NLM Journal Archiving and Interchange Tag Suite”（通称NLM DTDとして知られる）バージョン3.0が基になっています。JATSには、Archiving and Interchange Tag Set、Journal Publishing Tag Set、Article Authoring Tag Setという3種類のタグ集合も含まれています。
◎JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite http://jats.niso.org/
◎Standardized Markup for Journal Articles: Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) http://www.niso.org/workrooms/journalmarkup
◎NISO Publishes Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) Standard - National Information Standards Organization（NISO 2012/8/22付けプレスリリース） http://www.niso.org/news/pr/view?item_key=d92a2bc93b43db6831e68914e134c731d83cbdd1
◎Journal Archiving and Interchange Tag Suite（NLM） http://dtd.nlm.nih.gov/
◎J-STAGE、JATS-DTD 準拠のXML形式で論文全文搭載開始 http://current.ndl.go.jp/node/21438
◇CourseSmart and STEPP Conduct a Study on the Accessibility of eTextbooks
（AUG 23, 2012 By Mercy Pilkington Good E-Reader）
GoodeReader reported on digital textbook publisher CourseSmart’s involvement in a multi-year study by STEPP (STudent Erent Pilot Project) on how the rental of digital textbooks are affecting learning outcomes at the higher education level, with a special focus on providing easier and more cost effective accessibility for students with special needs. This week, Cindy Clarke, CourseSmart’s Vice President of Marketing, spoke with GoodeReader about the recent study and this need for a broader adoption of the existing technology.
“CourseSmart’s viewpoint on accessibility is that all students deserve to be treated equally and have equal access to course materials at an affordable price. It’s imperative that those who select course materials keep in mind the cost and accessibility.”
Studies have shown that those students who have early access to their materials are less likely to drop their classes and are more likely to do well, so the same accessibility is a concern for students have special considerations when relating to their texts, like a print-specific disability. For users with printer related disabilities, a browser based site is important. The browsing and purchasing capabilities are just as important as the reading experience for independent users.
“First time students were able to enjoy the benefits of etextbooks, like a savings of 50% over print, along with instant, anytime-anywhere access to their course materials on a web-enabled device so they don’t have to buy a specific device. Our reader enables all users to take notes, highlight, and to compile those notes and highlights in one easy to use tab. Very important for those with print related disabilities. It’s very easy for students using a e-textbooks to find what the professor is referring to since the pages in the digital textbook match the pages in the print textbook.”
STEPP began its study in 2010 using CourseSmart content, along with help from Alternative Media Access Center (AMAC) and Access Text Network (ATN), and is concerned with coming up with affordable texts for all students. Those consumers with print related disabilities are a subset of that group, which is important considering CourseSmart already has over three million student and faculty users in the US, UK, and Europe.
“One of the great things about the STEP program is it has great intentions and a great goal, but most important, the organization has been very focused on making sure we are achieving those goals. The good news is the initiative is performing against the goals, with 77% of students saying they did save money by renting etexts. 80% of students who needed an accessible textbook were satisfied with the quality, and nearly 80% of students said they accessible electronic text provided them with what they needed for class.”
（2012-08-23 10:47:00 hon.jp DayWatch）
記事によると、ハードウェア自体は現地の家電量販チェーン大手「Croma」の店頭でも販売され、インド版Kindle Storeサイトもすでにオープンしている。スタート当初の作品の大半は英語作品となっているが、個人電子書籍出版サービス「Kindle Direct Publishing」も同時スタートしており、ヒンディ語・デーヴァナーガリー語・ベンガル語などの表示にもある程度対応しているため、個人作家作費を中心に現地作品を今後増やしていきたい模様だ。
なお、インドでの英語書籍出版はもともと、英・米両国の大手出版社で現在も慣習として残っているカルテル協定（The British Publishers' Traditional Market Agreement）により、英国資本が牛耳っていたが、そこに米国資本のAmazon社が突然参入したことで、様相が一変しそうだ。【hon.jp】
◎現地The Hindu紙の記事（ http://www.thehindu.com/business/companies/article3808410.ece ）
（2012-08-21 16:22:31 hon.jp DayWatch）
米国の電子書籍ニュースサイト「The Digital Reader」によると、電子書籍の価格を巡りドイツの出版社団体Borsenvereins der Deutschen Buchhandler（本部：ドイツ・フランクフルト市）とApple社（本社：米国カリフォルニア州）でちょっとした紛争が起きている模様。
◎The Digital Readerの記事（ http://www.the-digital-reader.com/2012/08/20/apple-spanked-for-selling-discounted-ebooks-in-germany/ ）
◇Texas AT Specialist Champions Large Scale District Accessible Book Initiative
（AUGUST 21, 2012 by Valerie Chernek, Bookshare Blog）
You’ve heard it before… all it takes is one person to start a ball rolling. For equal access to reading and educational books for students with print disabilities, that person is Jessica McKay, an AT Specialist in Ysleta ISD, Texas.
Jessica McKay (in red) and Leslie Armbruster (in blue)
The Ysleta district will roll out their widespread initiative this fall (2012) across 60 campuses, to hundreds of K to 12th graders who are blind, have low vision, a physical disability, such as cerebral palsy or a severe reading disability, like dyslexia.
Jessica, with the support of her supervisor, Leslie Armbruster, championed the initial cause. “Jessica has this amazing ability to take an idea and bring it to new heights,” said Leslie. “I did it for the kids,” adds Jessica.
Through their efforts, and the support of Deenie Gross, a Texas program coordinator from Benetech, (Bookshare’s parent organization), the trio encouraged over 110 educators and administrators to become Bookshare sponsors who download accessible books and K-12 textbooks on behalf of students who qualify, and to work toward a common goal of equal access. Participating in the initiative are Assistant Principals who lead the charge at local schools, Special Education Teachers, Reading and Dyslexia Specialists, Librarians, and the Special Education Assessment team who work on IEPs (Individual Education Plans).
Going above and beyond daily responsibilities
The IEP team is responsible for making accessible instruction materials (AIM) available for students who need the curricular materials in a digital format. “I heard about Bookshare and wanted to check it out,” said McKay. “If it saves us time and money, it would benefit our students and schools.”
In years past, AT specialists would sift through boxes of audio tapes-maybe 80 or 90 tapes-looking for one textbook. They would spend hours scanning books on ‘not-so-sophisticated’ optical scanning equipment, only to have the format be less than adequate for students with print disabilities.
They would also spend time searching the web and other resources to find literature titles, only to be confused with copyright restrictions. They would place many calls and emails to K-12 publishers to request textbooks on CD-ROMs. On the flip side, students who needed the accessible formats had to wait weeks or months to receive large print books. “I knew there had to be a better process,” said McKay.
Large District Implementation Roll-Out ? Bookshare and AIM
As she began to use Bookshare, she found that requests for books for students who qualified exceeded her capacity to download the books. With her supervisor’s assistance, she arranged an informational session with the Texas district leadership to describe the use of Bookshare and discuss ideas to develop a large-scale implementation process. Executive Directors for Special Education, Elementary Education, and Instructional Technology quickly saw the benefit and pledged their full support. Here are some of the key points to their large district implementation roll out:
Texas Education Agency (TEA) funded two Benetech program coordinators to support the roll-out with training, hands-on use and information.
Assistant Principals took the responsibility to be primary contacts for their campuses and assigned key teachers to be Bookshare Sponsors at each school.
Training was given to the Special Education Assessment staff and teachers on how to document the “need” for digital accessible books in IEPs and 504 plans.
Sponsor teachers received training on strategies to “build-in” accessible instruction to the teaching process and written information about the benefits of AIM. They were also taught how to download books and monitor student progress.
A Bookshare “Getting Started Guide” outlined step-by-step instructions on how to sign up students for memberships and to use the free reading software with text-to-speech.
Summer trainings were held at schools with teachers and homebound instructors.
Technology support came from campus technicians, librarians and media specialists.
On an ongoing basis, annual district technology fairs will give educators opportunities for hands-on practice and to see demonstrations of Bookshare to broaden awareness about the initiative.
“I didn’t realize how fast this initiative would catch on,” said McKay. “Now others are talking about the benefits of Bookshare and AIM. Our advice to other school districts is to remember that any systemic program takes time. Start small ? maybe one class ? for one child ? or get one teacher to download digital books on behalf of students who qualify. Make a difference to a few students; see it on their faces and in their abilities, it will be well worth your effort!”
We will check back with the Ysleta ISD team in October 2012 to write about their progress.
Special thanks to Deenie Gross, Benetech/Bookshare Outreach Coordinators who works with this Texas District.
◎Brain Hive Goes Live: On-Demand Ebook Service Rolls Out to K?12 Schools(2012/8/16) http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2012/08/ebooks/brain-hive-goes-live-on-demand-ebook-service-rolls-out-to-k-12-schools/
（2012年08月16日 06時30分 更新 eBook USER Michael Kozlowski，Good e-Reader Blog）
◇Discoverability Without Spreadability is a Marketing Disability
（August 15, 2012, Digital Book World）
Discoverability is the seven-syllable, tongue-twisting term bantered about publishing circles that supposedly represents the future of the industry. For books to survive, especially in a digital environment, new approaches must be developed to help shoppers who no longer browse bookstore shelves discover new titles. In essence, publishers must make it easier for consumers to discover their books.
On the surface, I agree that discoverability is an important issue. And, I hope you’ll join me at the upcoming DBW Discoverability and Marketing Conference on September 24-25th. However, I would suggest that the current definition of discoverability represents a limiting point of view that can cause trouble for publishers. Here’s two reasons why:
1. Simply telling people that a book exists doesn’t move them towards a purchase. Consumers buy books according to the principle of self-interest. They need to know what’s in it for them. Therefore, discoverability shouldn’t be limited to just making people aware of new books. Our goal should be to make readers aware of a book’s value. It’s more important to make sure readers discover the potential results offered by a book. The result could be any number of benefits, such as pure entertainment, personal inspiration, or fascinating information. It’s the perceived value that drives a book sale, and that must be what we help readers discover.
2. When discoverability focuses on making people aware of new titles without highlighting the value, then word of mouth is hindered ? which is the ultimate driver of book sales. For example, last week I discovered a new book by seeing a highly-produced video trailer posted on a popular blog. According to the current definition of discoverability, this modern promotional channel worked like a charm. But, as I watched the video, I couldn’t tell why the book was worth reading. All I saw was just a bunch of fancy graphics with no substance and no compelling reason to buy. Not only was I de-motivated to make a purchase, I felt no reason to tell friends, spread word of mouth, and help generate multiple purchases.
To sum up, discoverability is ineffective if it doesn’t generate spreadability (yes, I’m suggesting we add another crazy term to the marketing lexicon). The goal of marketing shouldn’t be to merely help readers discover new books. The goal should be to tell readers what’s in it for them, fuel the desire to purchase, and encourage them to spread word of mouth. Discoverability without spreadability creates a marketing disability.
東京大学大学院人文社会系研究科次世代人文学開発センター萌芽部門データベース拠点・大蔵経のウェブサイトで、2011年11月に開催された国際シンポジウム「デジタル化時代における知識基盤の構築と人文学の役割」での、John Unsworthイリノイ大学教授の講演“Digitization and Humanities Scholarship”の日本語訳「デジタル化と人文学研究」が公開されています。
また、同じウェブサイトでは、2012年7月16日から22日にドイツのハンブルク大学で開催されたDigital Humanities 2012国際会議における、下田正弘東京大学教授による基調講演“Embracing a Distant View of the Digital Humanities”の日本語訳「人文情報学を遠望する」も公開されています。
◎デジタル化と人文学研究 （東京大学大学院人文社会系研究科次世代人文学開発センター萌芽部門データベース拠点・大蔵経） http://21dzk.l.u-tokyo.ac.jp/CEH/index.php?Unsworth
◎人文情報学を遠望する （東京大学大学院人文社会系研究科次世代人文学開発センター萌芽部門データベース拠点・大蔵経） http://21dzk.l.u-tokyo.ac.jp/CEH/index.php?DH2012%20keynote%20address
◎Embracing a Distant View of the Digital Humanities （上記リンク先の英語原文ページ）（東京大学大学院人文社会系研究科次世代人文学開発センター萌芽部門データベース拠点・大蔵経） http://21dzk.l.u-tokyo.ac.jp/CEH/index.php?English%20DH2012%20Keynote
◎ドイツで開催中のデジタル人文学国際学会“Digital Humanities 2012”の講演・発表動画が公開 http://current.ndl.go.jp/node/21410
◇Hachette Draws Author’s Ire on DRM Mentality
（AUG 15, 2012 By Sherry Snider Good E-Reader）
Hachette UK drew a few double-takes and even more responses this week as the publisher stated that its current model of selling ebooks with DRM (Digital Rights Management) and fair prices was “working very well.” Specifically, the statement drew a “chastising response” from author Cory Doctorow on Publishers Weekly’s Columns and Blogs post.
To be fair, the statement from Hachette UK was made in a letter sent to an author whose published books (some through Hachette’s imprints and some with Tor Books) were recently acquired. The statement warned that Tor’s no-DRM policy “will make it difficult for the rights granted to us to be properly protected.” Hachette also suggested that the author insist that Tor use DRM on the titles in question.
Doctorow, a firm advocate of DRM-free eBooks, read the letter released by Little, Brown U.K. CEO Ursula Mackenzie and had no problem responding. “Let’s just say that Hachette has balls the size of Mars if it thinks it can dictate what other publishers do with titles in territories where it has no rights.”
In addition to Doctorow’s striking metaphor, his response also attacked the logic of DRM as effective protection for the publisher and author. His key points are that DRM or no, pirated ebooks are still easily found and DRM does nothing to stop pirates from scanning or retyping books. He also mentioned that Cracks are widely available on the internet to remove DRM. His final key point was that honest people BUY ebooks, but may experience problems accessing the purchased book on multiple devices.
And here’s the big kicker: “DRM is not a selling point. There’s no one who’s ever bought a book because it had DRM. People buy DRM e-books because they have no choice, or because they don’t care about it, or because they don’t know it’s there. But DRM never leads to a sale.”
This all leads right back to Doctorow’s outrage at Hachette’s play to push authors into accepting DRM, and he closed with a very relevant caution about platform switching and potential issues with DRM. “The phone is fast becoming an e-reader of choice, and readers usually cycle out phones with their cellular contracts every 12?18 months. This is going to be a hell of a ride.”
◇DRM, Compatibility, and Myth
（AUG 15, 2012 By Mercy Pilkington Good E-Reader）
To the average reader who owns a brand-specific device and only shops for books through the device’s parent company, concerns about things like cross-platform compatibility and DRM status might not really be on the radar. And for a large portion of the reading population, that may be the case; browse for a book on your favorite retailer’s site, click the Buy button, and wait for your book to appear on your small screen.
But for many other readers, a growing number, if the traffic on this issue is an indicator, the discoverability of new books by indie authors and the court-protected right to share a good ebook with a friend without worrying about different devices are a growing concern. Factor in the ever-increasing numbers of authors?both indie and traditional?who simply believe that books are meant to be read by as wide an audience as possible, and concerns over the artificial limitations of ebooks seem very, very real.
Cory Doctorow made this point both quite effectively yesterday in a blog post on Publisher’s Weekly’s website. The full text of his post can be found HERE. Doctorow, a champion for removing the restrictions that limit the potential of books, makes a very clear case for the belief that DRM, or the “locking” of a book to one platform and the limitations that are supposed to protect the author and publisher from piracy and illegal file sharing, actually leads to piracy and loss of books sales for the author. He even points to well-known authors and books like JK Rowling’s Harry Potter series that have thrived due to their DRM-free status.
While piracy and protection are only one half of the equation in the debate over these restrictions, compatibility is the other half; with the sheer volume of choices in the digital reading market, it’s also a concern that authors, publishers, and self-publishers need to address. In marginally related news, digital publishing solutions mainstay Aptara will be hosting a webinar today on “eBook and App Device Compatibility: Separating Fact From Fiction.” The event will feature moderator Scott Abel and speakers Jean Kaplansky, a Solutions Architect with Aptara, and Joshua Tallent, CEO and founder of eBook Architects. The free event begins today 1:30pm Eastern time, 10:30am Pacific and registration can be found HERE.
国際図書館連盟（IFLA）の「印刷物を読むことに障害がある人々のための図書館分科会 （Libraries Serving Persons with Print Disabilities Section : LPD）が、視覚障害者等の印刷物を読むことに障害がある人々（Print Disabilities）に対する図書館サービスについてのマニフェストの最終草案を公表しています。
◎Manifesto for libraries serving persons with a print disability(IFLA 2012/8/11) http://www.ifla.org/en/news/manifesto-for-libraries-serving-persons-with-a-print-disability
◎Manifesto for libraries serving persons with a print disability: final draft http://www.ifla.org/en/publications/manifesto-for-libraries-serving-persons-with-a-print-disability-final-draft
◇The DAISY Consortium Announces the Latest Release of the Save as DAISY for Office 2010 add-in
（08/14/2012 National Federation of the Blind）
Zurich, Switzerland and Missoula, MT, USA - December 15, 2011 - Building on DAISY Consortium’s collaboration with Microsoft, Save as DAISY for Office 2010 helps Microsoft Word users convert Word Open XML files to the Digital Accessible Information System (DAISY) format. This version supports Office 2003, 2007 and 2010.
“We want to provide people with print disabilities equal access to the same information,” says George Kerscher, Secretary General of the DAISY Consortium. “The blind person needs a mechanism to navigate the page as quickly as a sighted person.”
With the validation tools incorporated into Save as DAISY for Office 2010, users can convert a well-structured Word file into a DAISY file set that automatically conforms to DAISY standards. DAISY files aid readers with print disabilities, as the text in DAISY XML is synchronized with synthetic-speech audio MP3 files that are generated by a speech application programming interface available in the Windows operating system.
Save as DAISY for Office 2010 incorporates a "Lite" version of the DAISY Pipeline. Users can select to generate the DAISY XML for further processing, or they can generate a fully conforming DAISY file set with full navigation and full text synchronized with audio. The audio is generated by the default text-to-speech (TTS) engine on users’ Windows computer. The DAISY Pipeline maintenance release accompanies the current Save as DAISY add-in release.
Save as DAISY add-in is a tool that document creators can use to easily convert their documents into multimedia publications for people who are blind or have a print disability. The add-in is available at no cost to users, helping to meet the DAISY Consortium’s commitment to provide equal access to information for all members of society.
“Our work with the DAISY Consortium and Save as DAISY for Office 2010 are key elements of Microsoft’s ongoing investment in accessibility” said Rob Sinclair, chief accessibility officer, Microsoft. “Talking documents open up a world of words for people with print disabilities at home, work and in the classroom.”
E-Learning Consultant Norm Coombs (EASI) shared: "In 1972 I published a history book, "Black Experience in America". I wrote it on a typewriter, and being blind, made lots of typos. I had it edited and exchanged emails with the editor till she was happy with the manuscript. But, being in print, I couldn't read it myself!
In the late 1980s, I used a scanner and got an electronic version as a plain text file. But 200 pages with no chapters or headers was long and tedious. Eventually, I gave it away to Project Gutenberg which eventually had someone put out a Web version including some chapters and headers.
With the arrival of the Save as DAISY add-in for Word, I had an inspiration. I used the 'cut and save' feature in Internet Explorer and pasted it into Word, now I had a document with paragraphs, headers, and chapters providing basic navigation. The add-in let me save a DAISY version which I now have on my pocket-sized DAISY reader. The document may not be 'publisher perfect', but I now can read my book in a format with chapters, headers and the ability to both skim and move around as easily as if it were a print book!"
By being able to navigate content in the same way a sighted reader can, people with print disabilities can consume information at the same speed as other people, making them more competitive in school and in business.
The DAISY Consortium embraces the principles of global collaboration and transparency which define open standards development. Collaboration results in open international standards, and accessible digital content and reading systems which meet the needs of readers with a print disability, while providing a rich user experience for all.
（08/14/2012 National Federation of the Blind）
After letting the dust settle, and now that Freedom Scientific has released two updates to the latest release of JAWS, it seemed a reasonable time to give a quick overview of what the new version has to offer blind users.
Freedom Scientific has implemented an Optical Character Recognition system in JAWS 13 that will recognize the text of controls and documents that are otherwise inaccessible. Using the layered keystroke model, introduced a couple versions back, INSERT+SPACE followed by O will activate OCR. You can then choose to OCR the current window (W), current control (C), or entire screen (S). When the OCR has completed, you will have the JAWS cursor activated and be able to move through the recognized text. Using the mouse emulation commands will correctly perform a right or left click.
This should not be used as the only access solution for inaccessible PDFs, but it does work well enough to get an initial impression of the document’s contents. One other caveat I have found, if you use Windows Media Center (WMC) and try to OCR a DVD menu, or one of the text-only screens, OCR will fail if you are in full screen mode. I assume this has to do with how the full screen overlay is sent to the display. Pressing ALT+ENTER will put the WMC into windowed mode and you can then OCR the contents.
In the context of layered keystrokes, it is now possible to enter a table navigation mode where your arrow keys will move you among table cells instead of within their contents. This mode essentially “locks” the table modifiers CTRL+ALT. Once active, table commands are locked until you press a key that is not used for table navigation (such as SPACE). Additional navigation includes commands for going to the beginning and end of a row or column. I find this mode helpful when I want to quickly move through data tables and often times it is more convenient to not use three fingers to do so.
Improved Access to Top Windows
If you’ve ever experienced the scenario where you know there is a program window on screen, but you can’t find it in the ALT+TAB order, you can breathe a little easier. JAWS 13 will now locate these windows, often found in antivirus and other security programs, through the INSERT+F10 dialog and allow focus to be moved to them. In the dialog’s listbox, these windows are indicated with a parenthetical notation that they are a “top” window.
Outlook Command to Open HTML Messages in the Browser
Outlook 2007 and 2010 present a challenge to blind users when reading HTML messages. Often, these messages appear to be constructed of nested tables and navigating them in Outlook is cumbersome at best. The solution has always been to use the Outlook “open in browser” command and read the message in Internet Explorer. Until now, that command was difficult to locate, or, if you placed its icon on the quick access toolbar, required two keystrokes to activate. Now, simply hold the JAWS key and SHIFT+W to accomplish this task.
Many other additional enhancements have been added to JAWS, including better support for Microsoft Word, but these are my top highlights.
2012年8月12日、国際図書館連盟（IFLA）が、「図書館員と情報労働者の倫理綱領」（IFLA Code of Ethics for Librarians and other Information Workers）を公表しました。このような倫理綱領は、世界60か国以上の図書館協会や、国際公文書館会議（ICA）、国際博物館会議（ICOM）などで策定されているものの、IFLAでは定めていなかったため、2011年以降検討を続けてきたということです。
◎IFLA Code of Ethics for Librarians and other Information Workers（PDF：5ページ） http://www.ifla.org/files/faife/publications/IFLA%20Code%20of%20Ethics%20-%20Long_0.pdf
◎IFLA Code of Ethics for Librarians and other Information Workers “Short-version”（PDF：2ページ） http://www.ifla.org/files/faife/news/IFLA%20Code%20of%20Ethics%20-%20Short.pdf
◎IFLA Code of Ethics for Librarians and other Information Workers（IFLA 2012/8/12付けニュース） http://www.ifla.org/en/news/ifla-code-of-ethics-for-librarians-and-other-information-workers
◇EU MS support for WIPO "books for blind people" treaty spring 2012
（10 August 2012 By Christopher Friend, IFLA）
EBU has been asking EU governments for their position on a binding WIPO treaty.
EBU: As a result of our petition to Parliament and Commissioner Barnier's appearance in front of Parliament, the Commissioner is expected to ask EU Member States for a mandate to negotiate and agree a binding WIPO "books for blind people" treaty. EBU urges them to give Barnier such a mandate.
◇Smashwords Unveils Library Direct Catalog
（AUG 09, 2012 By Mercy Pilkington Good E-Reader）
Ebook distribution platform Smashwords, one of the top retailers for self-published and digitally published works, unveiled a new program today that will make it even easier and more lucrative for libraries to put indie authors’ titles in the devices of digital reading patrons. Library Directwill allow libraries to bundle books in Smashwords’ catalog and select the books based on sales ranking; partnered with the new Pricing Manager which allows authors and publishers to set the prices that libraries will pay, even opting to make their titles free to libraries, the amount of ebook titles that libraries can offer to patrons will increase.
“We’re always looking for opportunities to expand the distribution into new markets, and I think libraries are a really important piece of that,” said Smashwords’ founder Mark Coker in an interview with GoodeReader. “Libraries are standing there with fistfuls of cash in their hands and saying to the big publishers, ‘We want to buy your ebooks,’ and the publishers are saying no or they’re charging way too much for their books. This is a perfect opportunity for indie authors to come in and serve library patrons.”
Library Direct will send its first bundle of ebook titles to Douglas County Library System in Colorado next week, drawing from books in the top 10,000. As libraries are responsible for their own check-out systems for digital copies, libraries have the power to purchase and own as little as a single copy of a title, while having the option to decide to purchase additional copies if the demand is greater.
“Libraries play a really important role in book discovery and author discovery. If we can get our books into the major libraries around the world, it’ll give out authors a long term advantage over authors who aren’t in libraries. Library Direct is a piece of that.”
Interestingly, authors and publishers will have the option to decline participation in the Library Direct program, as Smashwords’ fundamental business model is to put the control back in the hands of those who create the books. But in light of the direction library ebook lending is currently taking, authors and patrons who wish to work within a literary community based on shared content and discovery would be wise to embrace their local libraries.
2012年8月7日、米国情報標準化機構（NISO）とDAISYコンソーシアムが、新しい標準規格“Authoring and Interchange Framework for Adaptive XML Publishing Specification”（ANSI/NISO Z39.98-2012）を公表しました。その管理はDAISYコンソーシアムによって行われます。
Z39.98は、元々、デジタル録音図書に関するDAISY 3（ANSI/NISO Z39.86）の後継として策定が進められていたものです。ただし、ドラフト版へのコメントを受けて、Z39.86とは異なる番号を取得し、Z39.86も今後5年間使用を続けることになったそうです。
◎ANSI/NISO Z39.98-2012 http://www.daisy.org/z3998/2012/z3998-2012.html
◎NISO and DAISY Consortium Publish Authoring and Interchange Framework Standard（NISO 2012/8/7付けプレスリリース） http://www.niso.org/news/pr/view?item_key=47de4fe39e4ee2256ce26f1438daebb19d394258
◎NISO and DAISY Consortium Publish Authoring and Interchange Framework Standard（DAISY Consortium 2012/8/7付けニュース） http://www.daisy.org/daisy-news#newsitem1151
◎DAISY - National Information Standards Organization http://daisy.niso.org/
（2012年08月08日 14時11分 更新 eBook USER）
米国の出版業界調査団体Book Industry Study Group（BISG）は8月6日（現地時間）、米国の出版業界向けに電子書籍ファイルフォーマットとしてEPUB 3を今後推奨していくことを発表した。
◇Google Now Accessible On Some Rooted ICS Devices
（AUG 08, 2012 By Sovan Mandal Good E-Reader）
Google’s Google Now is perhaps making as much noise as the Jelly Bean update that it is part of. What this means is that you need to have Jelly Bean on your device first to have a taste of Google Now. However, that is the ideal case and there always are ways to get around such scenarios. As the folks at XDA Developers forum have hit upon, having Google Now up and running on your device is perfectly possible even if it is not running the latest Android version. However as a pre-requisite, you need to root the device and install some codes which makes it possible to have Google’s take on personal assistance on a mobile device even if it is running Ice Cream Sandwich.
To be more precise, the requirements to have on board Google Now include an ARMv7 device, it should be rooted, and should be running ClockWorkMod Recovery and have Ice Cream Sandwich.
Head over to the XDA site for more on this.
◇図書館界に激震、元Google担当者が裁判で証言「Google Book Searchの本当の目的は、Amazonつぶしだった」
（2012-08-07 11:41:09 hon.jp DayWatch）
現地報道によると、2005年から延々と続いている「Google Book Search訴訟」について現地時間8月3日、元Google側の担当者だったDan Clancy氏が「Google Book Searchの本当の目的は、Amazonつぶしだった」と証言した模様。
Dan Clancy氏といえば、出版関係者なら誰でも知っているまさにGoogle Book Searchサービスの“スポークスマン”とも呼べる人物だったが、長期化する裁判に疲れ、その後はGoogle社を退社。報道等によると、Clancy氏は証言台に立ち、2003年のサービス開始以前から同サービスが社会貢献が目的ではなく、当初からAmazon社へのトラフィック集中を阻止するための営利目的事業であった事を明らかにした模様。
米スタンフォード大図書館や大英図書館、日本では慶応大学などGoogle Book Searchに協力的だった図書館機関が存在するため、世界中の図書館関係者にとってこれはかなりショッキングな展開に発展していきそうな気配だ。【hon.jp】
◎bizjournal.comの記事（ http://www.bizjournals.com/sanjose/news/2012/08/06/google-books-aimed-at-amazon.html ）
◇SnugNugget Makes DRM-free eBooks Charitable Giving
（AUG 07, By Mercy Pilkington, Good E-Reader）
With an ever-growing catalog of ebook titles available to digital readers from major distribution platforms, readers have more choices than ever for browsing and purchasing ebooks. But one distributor is determined to help readers make their book purchases count for more than just entertainment.
Recent startup SnugNugget allows consumers the option to purchase DRM-free bundles of ebooks to be read on any compatible device, while also letting them set the price they are willing to pay for the bundle. A portion of the purchase price of each bundle goes to Book Aid International, which makes books and literacy education available to communities in Africa.
“I have to admit that this was not an original idea on my part. I am something of an avid PC gamer as well book reader,” said founder Mitch Pagden. “Last year, I heard of an American company called Humble Bundle (www.humblebundle.com) who were selling a bunch of indie pc games for whatever price I wanted. They included two charities as well. Being a book lover my immediate thought was, ‘Hey, this could work for eBooks as well!’
So over the past 14 months or so I’ve been doing a lot of research into the various book related charities and I found that Book Aid International were the strongest in terms of effective operations and transparency, and actually they have been incredibly supportive and helpful in this venture.”
The DRM-free status of the ebooks in SnugNugget’s catalog was important to Pagden, himself a writer.
“Owners of E-Readers and consumers of eBooks in general are becoming increasingly angry at the needless prices that publishers and retailers are setting for their digital books with many consumers turning to piracy as a result. Millions of eBooks, videos, music, and games are pirated every single year. With eBooks, those that don’t pirate feel forced to shop at an ever shrinking selection of online stores that sell eBooks with many of these stores limiting their customers to their own custom E-Reader. Whilst piracy is on the rise the traditional advice, the knee-jerk reaction by publishers is to increase DRM in order to protect the interests of the content creator. Yet the only effective method to combat piracy is simply to offer a more effective service.”
The ability to purchase these titles while supporting the authors and a worthy charity is only the beginning for the site.
“I would very much like to develop the site and Snug Nugget to the point where a customer can come along and select one book from a selection of books in a single genre and they can choose a book like this for all the main genres, essentially making their own custom bundle. This would require a lot more work and is probably six to eight months down the road. My first and main priority is to introduce sliders to the payment section so a customer can choose where they want their money to go, the authors, the charity, and Snug Nugget.”
◇Bristol’s Literacy Academy Bridges Digital Divide
（August 6, 2012, By Matt Enis, The Digital Shift)
Just a few short years ago, basic familiarity with computers was an asset that might give a candidate an edge in finding a job. Now, as newspaper classifieds have dwindled and migrated online, that basic familiarity is needed just to find an ad for a job. State and local governments, too, are looking to streamline services by pushing everything from vehicle registration to unemployment insurance applications online. Digital literacy is fast becoming essential.
In Bristol, a city straddling the border of Tennessee and Virginia, the Bristol Public Library (BPL) is taking digital literacy training a step further. The library employs a small staff of full-time teachers, who have made computer training a key component of BPL’s 25 year-old Patricia Freedman Literacy Academy (PFLA).
The academy launched as a GED prep program in the late 1980s, and even then, it offered a small computer component for students who wanted to learn keyboarding, said BPL Executive Director Jud Barry. Computers have since become ubiquitous, and five years ago, BPL opened a new main library with a computer lab, where the teachers are available for one-on-one instruction five days per week.
“There’s a skill gap for a lot of folks that we as a society haven’t addressed very effectively,” Barry said. “The digital divide isn’t only about hardware.”
New students can enter the program at any time. BPL begins by assigning them an Individualized Educational Program (IEP) tailored to their specific educational needs, which might range from adult literacy to GED prep, to filling out online job applications, to more advanced work on business software like Microsoft Office. This IEP establishes a basic framework that helps measure the student’s progress.
“What we find in working with people through the literacy academy is that oftentimes, they have many different kinds of needs for different kinds of services. … If an individual comes up and says ‘I need some help with these [online] job applications,’ it goes beyond being a reference transaction,” Barry said.
Barry described himself as disappointed that libraries were “relegated to the second tier” when the U.S. Department of Labor and Connect2Compete (C2C), a nonprofit supported in part by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission, recently announced their plan to provide digital literacy training at nearly 2,800 American Job Centers operated by C2C.
“As a public library, we understand that people’s digital literacy needs are complex,” Barry said. “They don’t only have to do with job-hunting. They have to do with housing, health, transportation, and education, not to mention that little thing called personal fulfillment. We can work with people wherever they are, across the entire spectrum of needs. Can a job center do that? People know where we are; do they know where the job center is?”
The C2C program will address a clear need?about 66 million Americans have no computer skills, U.S. Labor Secretary Hilda Solis said in the C2C announcement?but why create a new network of training centers, when libraries could invest that money to build up their already-established training programs?
For example, in a city of 45,000, PFLA already serves between 1,500 and 2,000 students per year, and Barry said that it could help even more, if the library had more funding.
By contrast, C2C is “creating, essentially, a whole new layer of service providers,” Barry said. “Why couldn’t libraries be that service provider? Libraries want to move in that direction, but one thing that’s holding them back is that they don’t have teachers on staff.”
The result is that most libraries generally offer a variety of classes or courses to help patrons learn to use computers or specific software packages, he noted. But, those classes might not address all of a student’s adult education needs, and they are likely to conflict with the schedules of many patrons.
The strength of the PFLA model, Barry said, “is the fact that it’s so flexible. And it’s one-on-one, which is a typical library model for service, but it goes beyond that initial session, and involves instruction beyond that point.”
Funding for PFLA fluctuates, but the budget averages $100,000 annually, with almost all of those funds going directly to salary and benefits for the 2.5 full-time equivalent (FTE) teaching positions. One-third of revenue is drawn from local funds, one-third from federal Community Development Block Grants, and one third from local private sector donations.
For other libraries, another potential source of funding for a digital literacy program might be the Workforce Investment Act (WIA), which uses federal monies for state and local workforce education and training programs. It is up for renewal this year, and groups including the American Library Association had been hoping for the passage of the Workforce Investment through Local Libraries (WILL) Act.
The WILL Act (H.R. 1616) would require state and local workforce investment boards using WIA funds to include representatives from libraries, and for states to integrate the training and literacy services available at public libraries into workforce investment plans, but the bill has been in committee since April 2011.
A Republican-sponsored package of amendments, the Workforce Investment Improvement Act of 2012 (H.R. 4297), passed committee in June, and is more likely to come to a vote. That bill does authorize public libraries as “one-stop partners” for employment, training, and literacy services, and it contains provisions that would require states to ensure that their plans for WIA money include descriptions of how programs will coordinate with existing literacy, employment, and training services carried out by non-profit groups, including libraries. But an amendment that would have specifically designated library employment resource centers as targets for WIA funding was defeated.
And groups including ALA, Adult Education and Literacy, the Council for Advancement of Adult Literacy, the National Coalition for Literacy, and the National Council for Family Literacy have written letters to congress expressing concerns about portions of H.R. 4297, in part arguing that making for-profit companies eligible for funding could increase costs and threaten training quality, and that allowing states to consolidate funding streams into unified plans could result in funding being slashed for programs directed at adults with low levels of literacy.
Regardless, with many libraries transitioning from being collection-driven organizations to service-driven organizations, Barry believes that the PFLA model could be an excellent fit for the computer training needs of other communities as well.
“We are far from ‘nirvana’ with this program,” he later added. “It would be ideal if we had a teacher in the lab all seven days/63 hours that the library is open. Even though we are flexible and can schedule sessions with students on evenings/weekends, drop-in hours are five days a week, Monday through Friday, 10-6. If funding were to increase, our first priority would be to expand those drop-in hours to approach the ideal. Still, even with its limitations, I think this is a good service model for other libraries to consider.”
欧州研究評議会（European Research Council：ERC）が2012年6月付けのレポート“Open Access Status of Journal Articles from ERC Funded Projects”を公開しました。ERCの助成を受けて発表された学術雑誌論文がどのくらいオープンアクセス（OA）で公開されているかを調査した結果をまとめたもので、サマリーによると630本の論文のうち62％がOAとなっていたそうです。また、その割合は分野によって異なり、生命科学では70％、物理学や工学では65％、人文・社会科学では50％だったということです。
◎Open Access Status of Journal Articles from ERC Funded Projects（PDF：15ページ） http://erc.europa.eu/sites/default/files/document/file/open_access_study_status_journal_articles_ERC_funded_projects.pdf
◎Open Access Status of Journal Articles from ERC-Funded Projects（DigitalKoans 2012/7/17付け記事） http://digital-scholarship.org/digitalkoans/2012/07/17/open-access-status-of-journal-articles-from-erc-funded-projects/
◇German eBook Distributor XinXii Expands to Other Catalogs
（JUL 18, 2102 By Mercy Pilkington Good E-Reader）
German ebook distribution platform XinXii has announced its partnership with Mondia Media Group, the exclusive digital content provider to several different platforms. This partnership will allow XinXii’s self-published authors to put their titles into the hands of more readers internationally than before.
In international markets, authors can now distribute their books through SonyEricsson’s PlayNow, Vodafone , Medion (a consumer electronics company) , Telefonica, T-Mobile, and America Movil, the largest mobile operator in Latin America. While the royalty rate for digital authors may vary from 20% to 40% depending on the platform, authors who are interested in enrolling their titles through this partnership should email XinXii with the title name, author’s name, and ISBN of the book. If the author retains an ePub format copy of the book, that should be uploaded as well. Of course, authors may choose to opt out of these channels and still have their books available through XinXii.
While international markets are still an emerging consumership for digital reading, initiatives like Kobo’s and Amazon’s expansion into Japan and the upcoming Kindle stores in several European reading markets have brought new attention to ebooks abroad. Once the readership adopts digital reading on a more popular scale, self-publishing platforms for ebook distribution are a natural progression.
◇Google Play Books Now Available in France
（JUL 18, 2012 By Michael Kozlowski Good E-Reader）
Google Play Books is now available in France! Google said its selection includes hundreds of thousands of French titles ? everything from new releases to classics to bestsellers. You can easily get access to Antonin Varenne, Eric-Emmanuel Schmitt, Fred Vargas, and Dominique Sylvain, plus new international bestsellers.
This is the 5th European market that Google has entered with its digital ebook store. The European market is a growing sector for Google and they have opened up other stores in Germany, Spain, Italy, and the U.K. earlier this year. Customers can access their content on any Android or iOS device.
In a recent blog post Google said, “Books on Google Play is all about choice: we’re offering many titles and many ways to access and read them, so that your library is literally at your fingertips no matter where you are. You can choose from great titles from hundreds of award-winning and diverse publishing houses at launch, not to mention the telethousands of international publishers Google works with around the world.”
◇米Barnes & Noble社、Webブラウザ版の電子書籍ビューワ「NOOK for Web」を公開
（2012-07-18 10:13:59 hon.jp Day Watch）
米書店チェーン最大手のBarnes & Noble社（本社：米国ニューヨーク州）は現地時間の7月17日、同社が電子書籍端末「Nook」向けに販売している作品を直接パソコン上のWebブラウザ上で閲覧できる「NOOK for Web」ビューワを公開した。
◎NOOK for Webサイト（ http://www.nook.com/NOOKforWeb ）
◇More Publishers Experiment with eBook-Only, eBook-First
（JUL 16, 2012, By Mercy Pilkington Good E-Reader）
An original piece in Publisher’s Weekly revealed that more and more traditional publishers are trying out the ever-growing publishing tactic of digital only books, or at least digital first. Over a year ago, traditional publishers like Harlequin made headlines and raised eyebrows by announcing the formation of imprints within their publishing houses that were dedicated to ebook-only works; the benefit to these imprints was twofold. Readers got access to new content immediately, and authors didn’t have the year-long or more wait to see their works hit the market. To take it a step further, publishers like Harlequin’s Carina Press began offering unheard of royalties to authors who opted to forgo the advance in return for as much as 70% royalties on their ebooks.
Now, more publishers are throwing their hats in the digital ring. Penguin, Kennsington, Random House, F+W Media, and HarperCollins are all working on the full launch or the focused revival of digital imprints, as well as incorporating other imprints into their brand. Short-form fiction publication is also growing in popularity, and again those are strictly digital works.
“While the publishers see the digital imprints as a way to publish new authors as well as to bring back once popular titles that have gone out of print, they insisted that they are publishing titles in the digital imprints with the same energy as titles in traditional imprints. ‘This is not a junior imprint,’ said Lucia Macro, who manages Impulse at HC, to the PW staffers. ‘The same teams that work on print titles work on Impulse.’ That includes the rights department; Avon has sold print and digital rights for He Kills Me, He Kills Me Not, plus a second title by Impulse debut author Lena Diaz to Germany. Approximately 80% of Impulse’s titles are original e-books, and the goal, as the imprint moves to embrace Voyager science fiction/fantasy and a variety of Morrow areas, is to keep the majority of titles e-originals, Macro said. The first Voyager title, The Asylum Interviews: Bronx, has just been released.”
The writers at PW made the point that these initiatives in no way diminish the focus on print publishing from any of the imprints, but as more and more publishers work in prioritizing ebooks, the volume of content available to readers in a more timely way will increase.
◇WIPO Copyright Committee: 24th meeting opens with discussions on copyright flexibilities
（16 July 2012 IFLA）
WIPO Copyright Committee: 24th meeting opens with discussions on copyright flexibilities
On Monday, 16th July, the 24rd meeting of the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights (SCCR) opened in Geneva. During the next ten day, the 185 WIPO Member States will discuss copyright flexibilities for visually impaired and print disabled people, for libraries and archives and for education and research.
The first day started discussing copyright flexibilities for education. Winston Tabb, Head of the IFLA and library delegation, stressed in his statement to the committee that “education and libraries go hand in hand. An excellent education service depends on good libraries.”
IFLA believes that education and lifelong learning are key public policy issues which can only properly be addressed through international norms.
With regard to the discussions on the visually impaired and print disabled people and on libraries and archives, Winston Tabb urged the committee “to move forward expeditiously to recommend a diplomatic conference on the treaty for visually impaired and print disabled people, as well as on the proposals made by Member States concerning libraries and archives and education in the order of their maturity”.
Since 2008, IFLA is working with WIPO Member States to gain support for a binding international instrument on copyright flexibilities to enable libraries to preserve their collections, support education and research, and lend materials.
Read the joint statements made by IFLA, EIFL and CLA:
◎Opening Statement (submitted to the WIPO Secretariat for inclusion in the final report) [PDF] http://www.ifla.org/files/hq/topics/exceptions-limitations/documents/IFLA_SSCR24_Opening%20statement_0.pdf
◎Education statement (orally presented at the SCCR/24) [PDF] http://www.ifla.org/files/hq/topics/exceptions-limitations/documents/IFLA_SCCR24_Education%20statement_Fin.pdf
◇ドイツ研究振興協会（DFG）、今後の戦略を記した“Taking Digital Transformation to the Next Level”を公表
ドイツ研究振興協会（DFG）が2012年7月3日にその戦略を記した“Taking Digital Transformation to the Next Level”という文書を公表しています。これは、DFGによって2006年に発表された“Scientific Library Services and Information Systems: Funding Priorities through 2015”に続くもので、以下の4項目について、2007年〜2011年における発展を踏まえて、今後の取組や課題に関して述べています。
・全国的な図書館サービス（Nationwide Library Services）
・目録とデジタル化（Cataloguing and Digitisation）
◎Taking Digital Transformation to the Next Level（PDF：16ページ） http://www.dfg.de/download/pdf/foerderung/programme/lis/strategy_paper_digital_transformation.pdf
◎Taking Digital Transformation to the Next Level（DFG 2012/7/3付けプレスリリース） http://www.dfg.de/en/service/press/press_releases/2012/press_release_no_29/index.html
◎DFG-ドイツ研究振興協会 - DFG日本代表部 http://www.dfg.de/jp/dfg_buero_japan/index.html
◎National Library boss hails NBN (NBN 2012/7/10付け) http://news.ninemsn.com.au/article.aspx?id=8497057
◎Library will thrive in a digital world: Stokes(canberatimes.com 2012/7/11付け) http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/library-will-thrive-in-a-digital-world-stokes-20120710-21u73.html
◎Library Council Chair Mr Ryan Stokes http://www.nla.gov.au/library-council/stokes
◎"the council of the National Library of Australia"について http://www.nla.gov.au/library-council
◇A New Form of DRM: A Legal and Pragmatic Solution for Protection of E-Books
（July 12, 2012 Digital Book World Dana Robinson）
For those in publishing, the current big issue in digital rights managements is pretty simple: How can we protect our ebooks with effective DRM while freeing them from being trapped in the closed ecosystems of specific reading devices?
The first obvious question is, would publishers see major losses due to copying and distributing of ebooks that do not have DRM?
Many would argue no. First, DRM is easily cracked. Anyone bent on making a copy and sending it to a third-party will do so regardless of DRM. Second, Apple has demonstrated that publishers don’t need DRM. When iTunes first launched, all files contained DRM. Sometime in the past few years Apple quietly dropped DRM. Rather than diminishing, the market for music through legitimate channels continues to climb.
Thus, there is a good argument that the ebook publishing world can go “non-DRM” without suffering any major losses. Pottormore is famously doing so. In January of this year, Anobii CEO Matteo Berlucchi gave a speech at Digital Book World suggesting that major book publishers should abandon the use DRM.
On the other hand, publishers have a legitimate concern for how they might protect works from copying en masse by counterfeiters or distribution through resale, rental or other aftermarkets. In order to protect their works in this class of infringement, publishers will need to rely on the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”). In order to rely on the DMCA, the publisher must have either technology that is circumvented or copyright management information that is removed. And therein lies my solution.
What ebook publishers really want to prevent is large-scale file sharing. This is not stopped by DRM. In fact, DRM is futile against large scale file sharing. So, ebook publishers should look for enforcement mechanisms against the intermediaries of large scale file sharing.
There are legal mechanisms for permitting enforcement against used ebook stores, as well as other forms of sharing, renting and reselling of ebooks. The solution that I propose is to use a combination of the existing DMCA rules in order to give a level of protection that is minimally necessary to enforce against used ebook stores, resellers and rental markets.
Publishers need not be afraid of stepping outside of book reader software and devices. In fact, the insistence on heavy DRM by publishers has unwittingly given Amazon power over the ebook market that publishers now regret. Customized DRM on Kindle devices creates a closed system that locks readers in to one retailer, which is potentially far more dangerous to the ebook publishing industry than the threat of piracy, in my opinion. We can free ebooks from DRM software and corresponding hardware and use existing legal mechanisms for enforcement against the worst copyright breakers.
The solution proposed is to create ebooks (in ePub or even PDF) with a watermark randomly placed throughout the book (visible and invisible). The watermark would contain the personal information of the customer who purchased the ebook and a warning not to resell, or distribute the book in any way. The user who purchases such a book will agree to terms and conditions (i.e. a “clickwrap”) that prohibit copying and distribution, as well as a statement that the consumer’s personal information will be prominently displayed on the book as a deterrent from distributing or copying in violation of the agreement.
The point of making a watermark that shows the user’s personal information is to create a disincentive for the user to pass the book along to unknown third parties, deputizing the user to act as a gatekeeper, protecting the book from wrongful distribution. If a file-sharing service or ebook reseller removed the watermark, it could be a violation of the DMCA Section 1201.
The watermark of the personal information could also have the publisher’s serial number embedded. Doing this creates an additional remedy under the DMCA Section 1202, which prohibits the removal of “publisher information” such as serial numbers. (Hat-tip to Cory Verner, who came up with this part of the mechanism. Verner is president of eChristian, Inc., an Escondido, Calif.-based Christian audio-book retailer. He has filed a patent application for the idea.)
The DMCA provides a variety of protections for digital works, such as Section 1201, which prohibits the “circumvention” of “a technological measure that effectively controls access to a work protected under this title.” The DMCA also prohibits the removal of copyright management information (“CMI”) under Section 1202, which includes the work’s title, author, and the copyright owner, as well as certain other “publisher information.”
What makes this “DRM” unique is that the removal of the watermark would likely violate the DMCA’s prohibition on circumventing a technological measure as well as the removal of “publisher information.” While the case law is not clear that this would be considered a circumvention, I present a novel rationale for applying Section 1201 of the DMCA to removal of a watermark.
In previous cases, technologies that are “passive” are generally not considered to “prevent access” under Section 1201. However, I believe that making the user an active participant in the protection of the book, the technology does not operate as a “pass through” the way a username and password would. But, the technology deputizes the user as the means of preventing access to the work by unauthorized third-parties.
This solution will not prevent a user from sharing a book with the user’s family or close friends. But publishers probably don’t want to sue their customers for sharing ebooks with their aunt or sister. Traditional printed books are often shared with family and friends. What ebook publishers need is a way to distribute ebooks with as little hassle as possible, while ensuring that the publisher can sue pirates and stop ebook resale, rental and large scale sharing.
To accomplish this, we don’t need heavy DRM, but something lighter. Why not use a form of DRM that lets the market grow, and reap the rewards of the next technological revolution as the ebook wave brings a massive new volume of sales and sweeps printed books to the side?
Thus, I propose using personal information as a deterrent against wrongful distribution of the book. We can deputize our customers to prevent wrongful distribution. The customer agrees not to distribute the book. If they do, the next reader will see the personal information of the original owner placed throughout the book, both visibly and invisibly. As such, not many users will violate their agreement because they will not want to have their personal information shared with unknown third-parties. Further, if they strip the information, they’re in clear violation of the DMCA.
Readers might “share” book with family and friends who already have their personal information; but they would have been free to do that with a non-digital book in the printed book business. The watermark is likely to confine file sharing to the close family; those with whom the original purchaser has a personal relationship, which is the very type of person with whom paper books are typically shared.
These are the abridged version of my conclusions. I will be publishing a much longer, more detailed piece on the topic titled Digital Rights Management Lite: Freeing ebooks from Reader Devices and Software. Can Digital Visible Watermarks in ebooks Qualify for Anti-circumvention Protection under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act? (Virginia Journal of Law & Technology, volume 17, Issue 2 (Summer 2012, forthcoming).
◇Call for Applications: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation 2013 Access to Learning Award
（12 July 2012 IFLA）
Call for Applications: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation 2013 Access to Learning Award
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is currently soliciting applications for its 2013 Access to Learning Award (ATLA), which recognizes the innovative efforts of public libraries and similar institutions outside the United States to connect people to information and opportunities through free access to computers and the Internet. The award is given by Global Libraries, an initiative of the foundation's Global Development Program. The recipient of the Access to Learning Award will receive $1 million (U.S.).
Applications for the 2013 Access to Learning Award must be submitted via an online submission process no later than September 30, 2012. The application form is available only in English and must be completed in English to be eligible for consideration. However, while applications must be submitted in English, the foundation does offer informational brochures in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish. You may find these and additional information on eligibility requirements and the process of selection on the ATLA website.
All applications must be submitted electronically through the foundation's online application system. The system will be open for submissions by July 31, 2012. In the meantime, we encourage interested parties to review the program guidelines and to begin filling out the application, downloadable as a Word document from the foundation's website.
Applications for the 2013 Access to Learning Award must be submitted via an online submission process no later than September 30, 2012.
◇E-Book Market Ready to Turn Corner in Germany?
（July 11, 2012 Digital Book World）
Though e-books only represent a sliver of the overall German book market, which is the third-largest in the world, there are signs that publishers and readers are ready to embrace e-books as the future in the Central European country.
From Publishing Perspectives:
Germany’s book market is among the three largest in the world, but e-books still represent a very small percentage of overall sales. End-of-year sales in 2011, however, offered signs that the land of Goethe might be slowly making a shift toward a digital future. With overall book sales in Germany experiencing their first minor dip in years (1.4%), more and more publishers are investing in their e-book business, despite the current lack of overwhelming demand from readers.
A broad study released last month reveals that e-books are now seen as an inevitable part of the German book market ? and a source of hope. The study ? the second of its kind ? was conducted by the Borsenverein and GfK Panel Services at the beginning of this year. “The e-book market looks promising in Germany,” said Steffen Meier, spokesman for the Arbeitskreis Elektronisches Publizieren, part of the Borsenverein des Deutschen Buchhandels. “[It] is currently only profitable for a small minority of market players, but publishers and book retailers still have to invest in the first place. However, the outlook for 2015 is good,” he added. In 2011, e-books represented just a 1% share of the overall book market (excluding professional books and textbooks), and only 1.2% of Germans over the age of 10 bought an e-book last year.
◎OverDrive Establishes Australia Office To Propel International Growth (OverDrive2012/7/9付け) http://www.overdrive.com/News/OverDrive-Establishes-Australia-Office-To-Propel-International-Growth
◇Amazon to open Dutch eBook Store this Fall
（JUL 08, By Michael Kozlowski Good E-Reader）
Amazon plans on opening a new Dutch eBook store this Fall to fall inline with the companies quest of European expansion. The book content will be coming from either the United Kingdom or German distribution centers.
The Seattle based online juggernaut has been milling around the idea to break open its .NL domain name for the last year The logistics of the penetration of the market has taken the last six months to plan out. Customers living in there will be able to circumvent the higher VAT fees because Amazon runs all of their European operations out of Luxemburg.
The Dutch launch it poised to offer customers in the Netherlands and surrounding areas that speak the language a viable way to purchase eBooks. Right now the Amazon.nl domain name currently redirects people to the United Kingdom based store. It is unknown at this time what local publishers Amazon has wooed to contribute content to their launch of the new website.
◇The Great Publishing Wars of 2012
（July 7, 2012, by Bob Mayer Digital Book World）
In a decade, after the zombies have taken over the world and are hunting down the last of the vampire empire, they will look back at the great publishing wars of 2012 and go: huh?
I’ve retreated on the tactical front in the war for the past month as I am under deadline and writing a book I’m excited to share with my readers. It’s really hard to pull myself out of the snark and action in my current WIP, Area 51: Nightstalkers, and go back to social media.
I’ve been thinking a lot about publishing and have changed my views in a number of ways.
I think there is a tipping point in social media for authors. Where it begins to detract rather than attract. Where you are turning more people off than you are being of interest to. Especially if you are on one side or the other in the indie vs. trad vs. small publisher vs. print vs. eBook vs. the Martians vs. the indie bookstore vs. the chain vs. Amazon vs. Barnes & Noble vs. Kobo, vs. well, whatever the hell one wants to be versus. When one is versus, then one has alienated a segment of the population. I had an agent who ran a conference I taught at a couple of times email me and say I wouldn’t be invited to the conference because she was an agent, and I was like, huh? What did I do to agents? I guess saying that traditional publishing died in March 2012 didn’t go over well.
I also think the whole author/social media thing has become a little too incestuous. It’s authors talking to authors. Yes, I know, there are readers out there, but when we take a close look at who is talking to us on most social media sites, it’s other writers. I look at a lot of the really successful authors and their focus first is on content AND getting that content to readers. They aren’t too concerned with the publishing wars, except in terms of how to run their own business. Key words in that sentence are how to run their OWN business. In fact, to be frank, the really successful people in publishing right now are the ones who make the most money off of any war: the ones who work behind the scenes and supply both sides with needed supplies. The most critical supply needed in publishing is content. One can have the best whiz-bang device, app, brand, hat, distribution, yada, yada, but it still comes back to content. We got Cool Gus Publishing running two years ago and it took a lot to build it into a seven-figure business in less than 18 months after a whopping total of 3 eBook sales our first month. Now we’re shifting from focusing on the actual business structure to increasing our content.
For me, I’ve thrown out a flag of truce in the publishing wars. I don’t have the time or energy or really the inclination to take one side over the other. My focus is on content and running my publishing company. I’ve got a conference call next week with a non-fiction writer I’ve known for a long time and we’re hoping to put out some of her old backlist that pre-dates eBooks and we’re really excited about it. We just put out Your Brain on a Bike by John Brent Pye and have other titles in the pipeline, including those from Colin Falconer and Shannon Donnelly that we’re focusing on.
One thing we’ve learned during our time in the publishing wars is that one is just as likely to be wrong as right. And even if one is correct for now, if one’s situation changes, they might be singing a different tune in just six months. That’s how fast things are changing. There are two key factors in determining a course of action: the overall situation and one’s personal situation. That means every single person in the wars is in a different situation. Thus there is no one ‘right’ position. As often noted during wars, when each side claims God is on their side, both sides cannot be right. If they are, then it is a God with a very nasty sense of humor.
Fear. Every war brings fear. And I still see fear ruling too many players in this game. The successful people are the ones who, as my book titles says: Who Dares Wins: The Green Beret Way to Conquer Fear & Succeed. There are still too many people looking over their shoulders, wishing for the old days to come back. In fact, I’ve literally heard people say: watch, eBooks will die out and print will come storming back.
Uh, no. That’s like saying that tank fad thing will go away since they use gas and mechanics and are noisy and expensive to make; and the horse, which lives off the land and are easy to reproduce and cheap to maintain, will make a comeback. The biggest argument for the return of the cavalry was the nobility of it. A dashing man on horseback with a saber looks a lot better than some grunt inside a tank with his main cannon. Yep, lots of people arguing that in the 20s and 30s. Tell it to Poland and France after Blitzkrieg.
In essence, my position now is that I’m focusing on doing what I’m supposed to be doing: producing content and running a business. I’ll keep track of how the wars are going, but the nature of a war is, once people choose sides, they very rarely are willing to surrender and switch sides. So it will be interesting to watch.
◇ドイツの出版大手Georg von Holtzbrinckグループが組織改革、“脱・出版社”を目指しITベンチャー投資を積極化
（2012-07-06 15:20:55 hon.jp Day Watch）
MacMillan系など多数の出版社を傘下に置くドイツの大手出版グループGeorg von Holtzbrinck（本社：独バーデンヴュルテンベルク州）は先月、グループ全体の組織改革を実施した。
今回の組織改革は大規模なもので、体制が国単位からコンテンツカテゴリ単位に切り替えられ、“脱・出版社”を目指すことが最大の目標となっている模様。米ITベンチャー業界ニュースブログ「Pando Daily」によると、新体制の先鋒役となるのがベンチャーファンド子会社の米Macmillan New Ventures社（本社：米国ニューヨーク州）。本業である科学系・教育出版業が倒れる前に、有望なITベンチャー企業を次々と買い付けるのがミッションで、数億ドル（数百億円）規模の予算を与えられている模様。
Pando Daily記者の取材に対し、Macmillan New Ventures社のTroy Williams副社長は「本社幹部たちは自分たちが退職金をもらえるまでの間、つまりあと15〜20年くらいは大丈夫と思っているらしいが...現実には、あと7〜10年くらいが限界だと思う」と本音を漏らしている。【hon.jp】
◎Pando Dailyの記事（ http://pandodaily.com/2012/07/05/macmillian-knows-publishing-is-doomed-so-its-funding-the-future/ ）
2012年6月25日付けのChronicle of Higher Educationに、“A Conversation With Bill Gates About the Future of Higher Education”という記事が掲載されています。技術によって大学はいかに変わるかについて、ビル・ゲイツ氏がそのビジョンを語るインタビュー記録となっています。
◎A Conversation With Bill Gates About the Future of Higher Education （Chronicle of Higher Education 2012/6/25付けの記事） http://chronicle.com/article/A-Conversation-With-Bill-Gates/132591/
◇Wiley Extends Open Access Option to 81% of Journals
（July 6, 2012, By Matt Enis The Digital Shift）
John Wiley & Sons has announced that OnlineOpen, Wiley’s hybrid open access model for subscription journals that allows authors to publish an open access paper in their journal of choice, is now available in over 1,200 of the journals that Wiley publishes.
“Wiley is committed to expanding its range of publishing options for authors,” Rachel Burley, Wiley’s new vice president and director of Open Access, said in a release. “With this significant expansion of OnlineOpen we are enabling authors who choose to publish under the open access model to select from a much broader range of publications which are well established and highly valued in their field.”
OnlineOpen was launched in 2004 for authors “who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article,” the release explains.
In addition to OnlineOpen for its existing peer reviewed journals, a separate open access journal program called Wiley Open Access was launched in early 2011 with an initial portfolio of eleven journals.
“We seek to develop open access policies which deliver innovative choices in journal publishing, meeting the needs of authors, funders, and institutions who wish to publish in the open access environment,” Steve Miron, senior vice president and managing director, Scientific, Technical, Medical, and Scholarly, Wiley, said in the release. “By significantly increasing the number of journals we publish which are able to offer OnlineOpen, we are quickly moving towards that goal.”
◇米国図書館協会、Pew Research Centerの電子書籍レポート“Libraries, Patrons, and E-books”の要約版を作成
Pew Research Centerが発表した米国の公共図書館および電子書籍に関する調査結果レポート“Libraries, Patrons, and E-books”の内容を4ページに要約したペーパーが米国図書館協会（ALA）情報技術政策局（OITP）によって作成されました。各地の図書館が地元メディアや意思決定者に対してこのレポートの結果を活用することを目的としているということです。
◎Backgrounder: Pew Research Center’s “Libraries, Patrons, and E-books”（PDF：4ページ） http://www.districtdispatch.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/pew_7.3.12.pdf
◎OITP releases backgrounder on “Libraries, Patrons, and E-books”（District Dispatch 2012/7/3付け記事） http://www.districtdispatch.org/2012/07/oitp-releases-backgrounder-on-libraries-patrons-and-e-books/
◇ALA 2012 Overshadowed by Concerns about eBook Lending
（JUL 03, 2012, By Mercy Pilkington Good E-Reader）
At the recent American Library Association conference in the Anaheim, California, the current state of ebook lending for public and academic libraries was a dark undercurrent throughout the multi-day event. Various panelists and keynote speakers urged librarians to be patient with the publishers who as of yet have not made much headway with the ALA on how to deliver bestselling titles for digital lending. Currently, most of the Big Six publishers place severe restrictions or outright embargoes on their titles, a fact that has many librarians up in arms over what they feel should be a simple issue of lending.
Last month, Penguin announced its plans to work with the New York Public Library on an extremely limited basis, unveiling a plan that will actually restrict access to some of its digital titles for as much as six months. The very idea of releasing a book but not letting libraries have access to it was unnerving to a number of ALA attendees, as they made clear in several sessions on digital reading.
On the brighter side, the data from the recent Pew Research Center’s Internet and American Life report was highly received, as Lee Rainie spoke at length on the concrete data that showed how readers actually consumer books.
“The new report underscores that libraries continue to be a vital part of people’s lives in the digital age,” said ALA president Molly Raphael, as reported by Publisher’s Weekly. “The double and triple-digit growth libraries have reported in demand for e-books, desire for access to e-book readers, and requests for e-book reader assistance and classes clearly express a hunger for these services.”
Also, the tone of the event came around to a greater appreciation of libraries working directly with authors to acquire digital content for lending, making the public libraries quite possibly the next sector?after the self-publishing industry?that begins to realize that working within the confines of the publishing industry may be a thing of the past.
◇米ハーバード大学のNeiman Journalism Labs研究所、注目の研究記事をEPUB電子書籍で無料公開
（2012-07-03 15:53:30 hon.jp Day Watch）
米Harvard大学（本部：米国マサチューセッツ州）のジャーナリズム研究所であるNeiman Journalism Labsは現地時間7月2日、関係者がブログ等で掲載した注目記事を集め、EPUB電子書籍として無料公開した。
今回公開されたのは「The Future of News As We Know It (*as of June 2012)」という大ボリュームの電子書籍で、WordPress上の記事を試行錯誤しながらEPUB化し、iPhone／iPadの電子書籍ビューワーアプリ「iBooks」での閲覧を想定してレイアウト調整されたとのこと。閲覧自体は、EPUB対応ビューワーであれば、電子書籍端末でも読める。
Neiman Journalism Labsは、電子出版に関する斬新な提言を発信している研究所で、たとえば「ページレイアウトの都合や文字数制限を、作家たちに押し付けないほうが良策」であるとも論じている。【hon.jp】
◎Nieman Labsの電子書籍案内ページ（ http://www.niemanlab.org/2012/07/now-available-for-download-nieman-lab-in-ebook-form/ ）
[*12]……ちなみに組版の規格であるJIS X 4051では、ぶら下げを規定していない。これについては「解説」に次のような記述がある。〈（前略）処理系がオプションでぶら下げ処理を採用することは、行の調整方法の一つで、許容範囲と考えられる。〉（P.200）他にもぶら下げは欧文組版ではない考え方（正確には、欧文にもハイフンをぶら下げる組み方がある）なので和欧混植に馴染みづらいこと、および往時の活字組版での処理である点が挙げられている。つまり、正式に規格として採用するほどの処理ではないということのようだ。
[*14]……『日本語組版処理の要件（日本語版）』（W3C技術ノート、2012年4月3日）「3.9 文字クラスについて」（http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/NOTE-jlreq-20120403/ja/#about_character_classes）を参照。ただし、これは日本語版の名称。文書として正式なのは英語版で、名称を“Requirements for Japanese Text Layout”という（http://www.w3.org/TR/jlreq/ja/#notes_a3）。
◇WSJ Reports on Tracking Consumers’ e-Reading Habits
（JUN 29 By Mercy Pilkington, Good E-Reader）
According to an article in today’s Wall Street Journal, e-reading is providing valuable but intrusive information to publishers. While the television and film industries have long relied on screenings and focus groups to provide feedback about the likes and dislikes in those forms of entertainment, participants are generally aware that they are taking part in a study. Tablet e-reading apps and dedicated e-reader devices are able to track the amount of time individual consumers spend reading throughout a given title without requiring the user to be aware.
Interestingly, this data is being shared with publishers in order to help them make decisions about the types of books readers actually purchase and interact with. Whether this will shape the form of the books that actually make their way to market remains to be seen. According to WSJ, Barnes and Noble is already sharing data from Nook users with several publishers and the data has helped them understand how readers interact with books based on genre and category; similarly, Amazon is both a retailer and a publisher and is therefore theoretically already able to benefit from the data collection.
While it may seem that tracking consumers’ digital reading habits is harmless business information, there is currently no method in place to opt out of having your reading history collected. One state has already passed a privacy act of sorts for readers that prevents ebook retailers from turning over information on reading data to law enforcement agencies. California passed the law that requires law enforcement to get a warrant before gathering e-reading information and the ACLU is working on similar legislation around the country.
◇EPUB3縦書き対応の電子書籍ストア 「ConTenDo」、Android版ビューワアプリをGoogle Play上でベータ公開
（2012-06-27 11:55:49 hon.jp Day Watch）
アイプレスジャパン株式会社（本社：千葉県流山市）は6月26日、EPUB3縦書き作品に対応した電子書籍ストア 「コンテン堂（ConTenDo）」のAndroidビューワアプリ「ConTenDoビューア」をGoogle Play上でベータ公開した。
なお、今回公開されたAndroid版ビューワはVersion 0.9.2で、まず横組EPUB2/3およびPDF形式の作品のみの対応となっており、EPUB3縦組作品については、Android ver 4.0.3以降で対応する予定とのこと。【hon.jp】
◎Android版「ConTenDoビューア」の配布URL（ http://goo.gl/Exp3G ※要Android端末）
◇National Federation of the Blind Files Complaint Against State Department; Seeks to Stop Distribution of Inaccessible Kindles Abroad
（Wednesday, June 27, 2012 National Federation of the Blind)
Baltimore, Maryland (June 27, 2012): The National Federation of the Blind, the oldest and largest organization of the blind in the United States and a leader in the struggle for civil and human rights for blind people all over the world, today filed a complaint with the Office of Civil Rights for the United States Department of State, alleging that the State Department’s plan to purchase and deploy 35,000 Amazon Kindles throughout the world violates federal law because blind people cannot independently access and use the devices or their content. Four international organizations representing the blind and dedicated to equal access to books and digital information?the World Blind Union, the South African National Council for the Blind, the DAISY Consortium, and the DAISY Forum of India?are also named complainants. The State Department has announced plans to purchase 35,000 of Amazon’s dedicated e-reading devices under a sole-source contract, at a cost of $16.5 million, as part of an international learning program being referred to as the Kindle Mobile Learning Initiative. The aim of this program is to create a global e-reader program that introduces aspects of U.S. society and culture directly to young people, students, and international audiences and to expand English- language learning opportunities abroad. The plan will involve deploying the Kindles to embassies, libraries, and other entities around the world. The complaint also alleges that a previous deployment of six thousand Kindles to State Department facilities throughout the world violates the law.
Of the Kindles currently available, not all are capable of speaking the content of books. While the State Department proposal specifically calls for the inclusion of this feature, the contract makes no reference to the department’s obligation to purchase accessible technology under Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act or otherwise require that the devices procured be accessible to the blind. Blind readers cannot independently access the text-to-speech reading and voice-guided menu features of the Kindle, and cannot independently navigate within a book once it is opened, meaning that they must simply read it from beginning to end.
Dr. Marc Maurer, President of the National Federation of the Blind, said: “Access to information is a fundamental human right, and blind Americans, as well as our brothers and sisters throughout the world, insist that this right be upheld. The State Department wants the international community to learn about United States society and culture; people with disabilities are a part of that society and culture, and the protection of our rights is a national priority as clearly expressed in the Rehabilitation Act and other laws. All federal agencies, including the State Department, are bound by these laws. We intend to see that the State Department meets its legal and moral obligations to the blind people of this country and the world.”
Marianne Diamond, president of the World Blind Union (WBU), said: “The WBU represents over 285 million blind people throughout the world and believes strongly that the blind and others who cannot read print must have access to published materials on the same terms as the sighted. It is critical that the United States demonstrate leadership in this area by procuring and providing reading technology that everyone can use independently.”
The complainants are represented in this matter by Scott C. LaBarre of the Denver firm LaBarre Law Offices.
◇Internet Archive’s Peter Brantley Urges Librarians to More Actively Reshape the Digital Landscape
（By Michael Kelley on June 27, 2012 The Digital Shift）
The Internet Archive’s Peter Brantley made a cogent and precise presentation at the American Library Association conference this week that urged the librarian community to do a better job of shaping the multitude of conversations that ultimately affect how and what libraries can do with digital content.
Brantley, the director of the Bookserver Project at IA, said librarians, rather than just saying yes or no to various business models put forth by the Big Six publishers, need to be much more active.
“I think it is really, really, really important for us not to be passive in those conversations,” Brantley said. “And we have probably not done as good a job there as we could.”
The conversations also need to move beyond the Big Six, particularly as the publishing landscape rapidly flattens, Brantley said.
“It’s not just the Big Six and it’s not even just the small and independent publisher, but there’s this huge universe of truly independently published material that’s very, very difficult for libraries to get a hold of,” said Brantley, who added that in recent conversations he had with the Library of Congress the staff there expressed great concern about the inability to acquire much of this material.
“This is material, for example, that an author might publish into Kindle’s Direct program only. So there’s no way for us, in the public library context, to get a hold of it,” Brantley said. “We have to think, as a broad community, how do we touch that kind of material. We really might not like to see a world in which access to books ends up getting fractionated across vendors.”
Brantley gave a nod to the joint effort under way in Canada, under the direction of the Canadian Urban Libraries Council and eBOUND Canada that is seeking, as LJ reported, to build a national public library infrastructure for the storage and distribution of digital content that would also manage lending agreements with publishers as well as transactions between libraries and patrons.
In a June 5 request for information (RFI), the Canadian groups hit on many of the principles that were enunciated in the joint Canadian-U.S. Readers First initiative, but the Urban Libraries Council effort is in some ways more tangible and advanced. For example, in the RFI they are specifically requesting vendors to ensure that the storage location “must allow for the portability of material at the libraries’ discretion.”
“We have at least something to watch and learn from as the Canadian effort moves along,” Brantley said.
Librarians need also to be aware and participating in more technical conversations that could have a significant impact on their operations, Brantley said, such as the Independent Digital Publishing Forum’s request for comments on a plan for alternative DRM schemes. Such alternatives could move the library lending mechanism beyond its present reliance on the Adobe Content Server (IDPF recently extended the comment period until June 29).
“Adobe Content Server is a very poorly supported software that has seen better days,” Brantley said. “It is not well loved by anyone who uses it, and it also imposes a lot of technical and organizational burdens on libraries.”
IDPF’s exploration of a standard “lightweight” DRM for EPUB is generally seen as more useful in non-retail business models, such as library e-lending, and a broadly adopted, standard method of protecting ebook content could, according to IDPF, “materially increase interoperability, ameliorate some of the ease-of-use limitations in current DRMs, and may promote broader adoption of digital reading.”
A number of publishers are recognizing that in some ways DRM can work against their interests, including its lack of user-friendliness and the way ebook distributors can use it to “lock in” consumers, according to IDPF.
Brantley said this sentiment was in evidence in conversations he had with publishers at the recent BookExpo conference, some of whom expressed a willingness to explore alternative DRM schemes with libraries. Regardless of the ultimate merits of lightweight DRM, librarians need to be part of the conversation.
“These kind of things would help to relocate where we are having the conversation,” Brantley said. “It shifts the variables a little bit about what we need to talk about and what kind of principles we have about the content we are making available and on what terms, and I think that kind of fundamental questioning is really important for us to have.”
(The Canadian company Enthrill is also doing work on alternative DRM schemes.)
A more active attitude also extends to book rights, and the gamut of nascent models that are rethinking how libraries might gain access to books for lending. Brantley pointed to the Unglue.It project from GlueJar under Eric Hellman, which recently “unglued” its first title, or the Library License project being run by the Harvard Library Innovation Laboratory.
In the latter project, authors are encouraged to be more mindful in their negotiations with publishers about ensuring that once sales of their books fall below a certain threshold that a license will take effect that gives full digital rights to libraries.
“It’s really important for libraries to think about how we engage with authors in shaping contracts with publishers,” Brantley said. “That might end up liberating us in the long run by breaking open the rights package and allowing us to do things that we might not otherwise be able to do because all we’ve been thinking about is the rights given to us by publishers ? and that is not all the world.”
Brantley reminded the audience that major players in the publishing industry, the people really selling books, are the West Coast technology titans like Amazon, Apple, Google, and Microsoft.
“This is the marketplace where people buy books, and they buy them as part of comprehensive media platforms that are intended to be proprietary and siloized by those vendors … and books in many ways are an afterthought for them,” Brantley said. “We need to realize that we are an interesting alternative that publishers ought to really care about.”
◇Report from the 101st German Librarians Congress in Hamburg : Libraries ? Gateways to Knowledge
（14 June 2012 IFLA Acquisition & Collection Development Section Blog）
22nd to 25th May, 4700 German speaking librarians and international guests (see overview of English presentations) met in Hamburg. (see published articles)
Topics on Acquisition and Collection Development:
A panel on “Patron Driven Acquisition” discussed best practices of the PDA model for ebooks (A. Klein, Mannheim and E. Gobel, Graz, AT) and came to similar conclusions as experts in David A. Swords’ Patron-Driven-Acquisitions Handbook (see Schmolling, Review). Annette Klein analysed the degree of utilisation of books purchased via subscription and those of the PDA model (automated purchase after 10 minutes of usage, or books triggered as short loans). Subscription models and big deals of consortia acquisitions tend to be in the end more cost effective but the utilisation ratio in that case is 71% after 3 years whereas PDA books of course have a usage ratio of 100% at the beginning and about 70% user ratio after purchasing. Draw backs might be DRM and the lack of time between publication of books and their listing in the aggregator’s bibliographic database. E. Gobel from Austria reported from a one year’s PDA project with about 11.000 ebook titles (purchase with the second usage of a title) from the Aggregator Missing Link/ MyILibrary offered via online catalogue. Up to now there is no automated way of checking duplicates between print and ebook copies.
P. Mayr and A. Lopez from Cologne and Duisburg-Essen presented EVA (ErwerbungsVorschlags-Assistant), a methodology of patron driven acquisition in regard to printed material, specifically interlibrary loan requests. The requests are automatically compared to specific criteria in regard to their suitability as an acquisition, enriched with external data and presented to the appropriate subject librarian. Since October 2011, EVA is in production with several German university libraries. The model will be presented on the WLIC in Helsinki on the ACD Open Session in August this year. J. Lazarus (University Library of Leipzig) presented a project of the library: User oriented acquisition in the print sector: does PDA work with print publications? with aggregator Missing Link. 100.000 print titles of specialised research literature from Nielsen Book Data are included into the online catalogue, using a purchase profile. Users trigger a purchase and will be informed to get the book within two weeks time. 48000 ? of the budget will be spent for the project.
Two German models of budget calculation and distribution in the digital age were discussed at the open session of the DBV section on acquisitions (Chair: Franziska Wein, Erfurt). Stating the increasing need for e-media and the stagnation of library budgets, existing models of acquisition (the “Bavarian Model” and the Model from Konstanz University Library, Humboldt University Library Berlin) do not include adequate parameters for the acquisition of digital media. The German library statistic does not offer data information needed for a revision of budget distribution models. Financing Open Access publications will have to be part of the library’s acquisition models. A questionnaire on budget distribution models in the digital age will be sent to German university libraries to give a state of the art-report next year.
The golden and the green way of open access (Frank Scholze , Karlsruhe, K. Pappenberger, University. Library of Konstanz) were the subject of several sessions stating that university libraries turn out to be increasingly service and consulting centres for the electronic publication of faculty, managing university repositories, university publishers (I. Meinecke, J.F. Maas, Univ. Library Hamburg) as well as publication funds (e.g. Biomed Central). (A. Kellersohn, University Library Freiburg): Open Access ? Actors, Financing, Effects Costs are transferred from consumer (library, user) to the producer (author) and costs (about 3400 ? per article) are considerable. The German Research Foundation (DFG) will support open access subject repositories and the development of search enginges (e.g. D. Pieper, University Library Bielefeld, BASE, University Library of Bielefeld, B.-Ch. Kamper, University Library Stuttgart on OPUS, Univ. of Stuttgart) to enable a better integration of open access publications in subject databases like ECON BIZ.
A concept has been published on the infrastructure of information in Germany, coordinated by the Leibniz Association. The role of the University Libraries was discussed in a panel of the German Library Association (DBV).There will be 8 fields of action: 1. Licensing, 2. Hosting/Long Term Archiving, 3. non textual materials, 4. Retro Digitisation, 5. Virtual Research Environment, 6. Open Access, 7. Research Data, 8. Information Literacy. The aim is to establish a national concept of information infrastructure for the future within the frame of the German federal structure.(Regine Schmolling, State and University Library Bremen, Germany)
◇ALA Contemplating a Seal of Approval for Ebook Business Models
（June 24, 2012 By Michael Kelley The Digital Shift）
The American Library Association’s Digital Content & Libraries Working Group has had a busy year, and it is now halfway through its two-year mission to help guide ALA in its response to all the challenges and difficulties that ebooks are presenting to the librarian community, with a particular focus on public librarians and the Big Six trade publishers.
Robert Wolven, co-chair of the working group and the associate university librarian for bibliographic services at Columbia University, said the series of meetings held over the past year between the Big Six and ALA’s leadership have been fruitful and are ongoing.
“It hasn’t ended with the meetings we had with each publisher,” Wolven said at a meeting of the working group Saturday evening in Anaheim where the ALA annual conference is being held. “The contacts in most cases are ongoing. When publishers are contemplating something they will come and test it out with the understanding that we are not going to make public pronouncements about what they are going to do.”
ALA representatives, including outgoing President Molly Raphael and Executive Director Keith Fiels, have made three multi-day trips to New York to meet with publishers since the Midwinter conference in Dallas.
Wolven also co-chairs a subcommittee of the working group (the other chair is Erika Linke, the associate dean of libraries at Carnegie Mellon University) that is dealing specifically with business models and licensing agreements and is also trying to develop negotiating positions to be used in these publisher discussions.
One idea discussed Saturday was a “consumers report” approach to various ebook business models, which will likely be part of a report that the committee will circulate to the broader membership sometime in the next few weeks.
“We want to shape the report into a hierarchy of desirable characteristics in business models ? and undesirable characteristics,” Wolven said.
The consumers report concept would provide a kind of seal of approval on a business model (or a publisher) and provide a set of criteria for evaluation.
“That might be an interesting way of putting this forward,” Wolven said.
Ownership of ebooks and the ability to move them from platform to platform were “very high in the hierarchy of desirable features,” Wolven said.
Some members wondered whether this applied to Random House books.
“When Random House said libraries own their ebooks they really were not clear about what they meant by own,” said Christopher Harris, the coordinator for school library systems at Genesee Valley BOCES in Le Roy, NY. “But what they seemed to be suggesting is that we would be free to take the ebooks out of one vendor platform and place them in another platform. That is a very desirable feature and I hope that they feel that we applauded them for that even if we moaned and groaned about the price increases.”
“I was also very heartened by that suggestion that you own an ebook and an implied notion that you can reformat it onto various kinds of platforms,” said Clifford Lynch, the executive director of the Coalition for Networked Information (CNI), which is based in Washington D.C. “That also starts giving you very important traction on the preservation side of this.”
Harris and Lynch were referring to Random House’s use of the term “unrestricted and perpetual availability,” which it pointed to as a counterbalance to the steep price increases it instituted in March. 3M does allow the transfer of titles from its platform to another, a feature that was announced during the dispute between Jo Budler, the Kansas state librarian, and OverDrive over the right to do such a thing. However, the contract signed with the distributor could take precedence in such situations. Random House could not be reached for comment.
The working group is also looking at how best to communicate about these issues not only within ALA but also to the public, and how libraries might better position themselves in the self-publishing space. Lynch, of CNI, also urged the group to move past the Big Six focus.
“You’ve mostly dealt with the Big Six players here, but I think it’s very important in this next year to bring in a couple of players beyond the Big Six, because this is actually an opportunity to get some leverage on the Big Six by saying here are other up and coming publishers that are actually well behaved,” Lynch said.
Harris said there were numerous examples of publishers that have “gotten it right” and can be held up as models worth emulating.
“Baen Publishers has been publishing sci-fi and fantasy ebooks for 13 years now DRM-free and making a huge business of it with documented sales records that show when they release their ebooks into their free library sales of paperbacks go up,” Harris said.
Canada might also provide some guidance, according to Holly Yu, the electronic resources coordinator at California State University in Los Angeles. Yu pointed to the “request for information” (RFI) issued June 5 by the Canadian Urban Libraries Council that is seeking vendors who could build a nationwide ebook infrastructure.
The council said that the purpose of the RFI “is to identify potential partners who would be interested in providing a Canadian-controlled infrastructure for the storage and distribution of digital content as well as for the management of lending agreements and transactions between public libraries, publishers and library patrons.”
Yu said Canada was ahead of the U.S. and said the working group might want to think about advocating for a similar type infrastructure, which at the very least might help alleviate some of the frustration that librarians are feeling about the variety of interfaces they have to deal with ? something that Nina McHale, the assistant systems administrator for the Arapahoe Library District in Colorado, expressed clearly to the group.
“Even if we have three platforms we’re going to want to present one to the end user and I’m tired of being left holding the bag as the technical person in my library to try to come up with a solution,” McHale said. “I would like to push back a little back on the vendors … it is up to us to deliver our services to our users, but we shouldn’t have to spend tens of thousands of dollars in products that don’t work to provide a unified interface.”
◇Bibliotheca Says Solution to Library Ebook Frustrations Has to Be National
（June 23, 2012 By Michael Kelley The Digital Shift）
Jordana Vincent was one of the librarians honored Friday in Anaheim at Library Journal’s Movers & Shakers banquet. Her work in developing the innovative ebook lending model at Douglas County Libraries spurred the recognition. But later Friday, when the exhibit hall opened at the Anaheim Convention Center for the ALA annual convention, Vincent, like Monique Sendze, DCL’s former associate director of information technology, was wearing a black shirt emblazoned with the logo of Bibliotheca, her new employer.
Both Sendze and Vincent said they decided to join the fledgling ebook division launched this week by Bibliotheca, the giant international provider of library self-service technology, because they wanted to see the DCL model spread in a way that was not possible at just one library.
“I really felt strongly about supporting this model because we have been working so hard on this for over a year now, and this was a way to get it out to all the libraries that really need a solution,” Vincent said in the exhibition hall.
Just as Sendze provided the technical expertise to build the infrastructure that enabled many of the innovations at DCL, it was Vincent, nicknamed the Bulldog, who negotiated directly with publishers to obtain ebooks that DCL could own and house on the library’s servers.
“When you hire people with get up and go, don’t be surprised that they got up and went,” joked Jamie LaRue, the DCL director who was outside the convention hall.
Sendze said Bibliotheca’s still very amorphous ebook division will ultimately empower libraries.
“Basically, it’s to build on the concepts we started at DCL which gives purchasing power back to the libraries and to allow libraries to actually determine what ebook distribution models work for them,” Sendze said.
Bibliotheca’s ebook division, under Sendze’s direction, aspires to build an open-source, national, cooperative buying platform, with Bibliotheca providing technical support and hosting services. Bibliotheca said that it will debut the platform in early 2013 in North America, though some elements built on the DCL-developed model may be available earlier.
“What we realized is that many libraries came to us wanting to be able to do what DCL did, but many libraries cannot do it by themselves,” Sendze said. “And on the other side publishers will not work with libraries individually. Publishers were like ‘we love what you are doing but we don’t have the bandwidth to work with every individual library one at a time.’ ”
The project has a lot of details to work out yet, but Shai Robkin, the president and CEO for Bibliotheca in the America likened it to a food cooperative.
At times, with its national aspiration, it appears to have overlapping ambitions with the Digital Public Library of America but with the technology organization already on board. At other times, it harkens back to a proposal for a national buying pool first proposed by COSLA in 2010, or to the $1 million buying pool that the Wisconsin Public Library Consortium recently established in order to expand its OverDrive-run Digital Download Center and, perhaps, gain some leverage in pricing.
Bibliotheca similarly hopes to lower acquisition costs by collective ebook purchases and passing along any discounts that may result to libraries.
“No one provides discounts and libraries are used to getting discounts on materials, that’s how we put our budgets to the best use and we’re not getting that from anybody,” Vincent said. “Having the ability to offer discounts to libraries is I think a huge factor in what would make this a positive alternative.”
Robkin described the venture as a public-private partnership with his company’s technological prowess not only making the platform doable but also serving as a reassurance to jittery publishers.
“Let’s not make any mistake about this. We are a for-profit institution but we believe that we can do real good for ourselves by doing real good for the library community,” Robkin said. “And we can bring these two parties ?- publishers and libraries ? together who really should be aligned, but somebody has to put it together.”
It wasn’t clear why publishers would feel more comfortable with Bibliotheca aggregating content and administering a platform over other companies, such as 3M, with similar expertise which, nonetheless, cannot get all the big publishers to sign on. There also is the potential that many publishers and distributors would resist selling to a consortial buying group because they fear the impact collective buying would have on duplicate sales.
LaRue said Bibliotheca’s approach would come down to a cooperative purchasing agreement and collective bargaining with the publishers. “If we aggregate all these dollars that we spend on materials can they drive the price down? I think the answer should be yes.”
In any case, the project also envisions enabling librarians to negotiate directly with publishers for content (“sweat equity” Robkin called it), which Robkin and LaRue said would be more practical and attractive if they have a platform administered by Bibliotheca at their back. It also would enable libraries to tap more easily into works by local or self-published authors.
“There are principles that we have to figure out, how do we negotiate with publishers,” said LaRue, “and then there’s the platform and that’s the huge barrier for most of the libraries. They can’t get there. They don’t have the technical expertise. And I think if Bibliotheca steps in and says ‘we have all this stuff worked out, here’s how we deliver content, we have relationships with publishers,’ it’s turn key.”
Robkin said the company can also leverage its long-standing relationships with ILS companies to integrate the platform with library OPACs. The number one reason he was at ALA was to start a conversation about the project and to get ideas.
“We want librarians to shoot holes in our model, tell us what’s wrong with this idea, and tell us, as importantly, where you might want to join us,” he said. “One thing is clear: there needs to be a single, national solution to this. Publishers don’t want to deal with individual libraries.”
◇Overdrive Celebrates 100 Million eBook Checkouts
（JUN 23, By Michael Kozlowski）
Ovedrive, the premier content distribution system for schools and libraries, has a reason to celebrate. The company today has just hit a milestone, with 100 million ebook and audiobooks checkouts.
This milestone is the result of years of library innovations. In April 2003, starting with a modest collection of popular materials, Cleveland Public Library opened the first OverDrive “virtual branch” and pioneered ebook checkout. Every month since, dozens of new library partners in the United States and around the world have joined their network for their library solutions.
◇米国人は図書館を、その電子書籍サービスをどのように利用しているか？ Pew Research Centerが調査レポートを公表
米国の非営利団体Pew Research Centerが、2012年6月22日付けで、米国における人々の図書館やその電子書籍サービスの利用をテーマとした調査レポート“Libraries, patrons, and e-books”を公表しました。冒頭の要約部分に続いて、以下のような構成になっています。
なお、Pew Research Centerは2012年4月に米国における電子書籍の利用実態と読書習慣についてのレポート“The rise of e-reading”を公表しましたが、こちらは図書館を正面から取り上げたものではありませんでした。
◎Libraries, patrons, and e-books（PDF：80ページ） http://libraries.pewinternet.org/files/legacy-pdf/PIP_Libraries_and_Ebook_Patrons%206.22.12.pdf
◎Libraries, patrons, and e-books http://libraries.pewinternet.org/2012/06/22/libraries-patrons-and-e-books/
◎Pew Internet Releases New Report: “Libraries, Patrons, and E-books” （LJ INFOdocket 2012/6/22付け記事） http://www.infodocket.com/2012/06/22/pew-internet-releases-new-report-libraries-patrons-and-e-books/
2012年6月21日、米国のPenguinグループ、ニューヨーク公共図書館、ブルックリン公共図書館、3M社が協力して電子書籍サービスに関する実験プロジェクトを行うことが発表 されました。これにより、2012年8月から、Penguinグループの電子書籍（出版から半年経過したもの）が3M社の図書館向け電子書籍サービス3M Cloud Libraryを通じて両館の利用者に対して提供されます。プロジェクト期間は当初1年間と予定されており、うまくいけば、同様のサービスが全米へと拡大される可能性があります。
◎Penguin Group (USA) Launches Library Lending Pilot Program（ニューヨーク公共図書館 2012/6/21付けプレスリリース） http://www.nypl.org/press/press-release/2012/06/21/penguin-group-usa-launches-library-lending-pilot-program
◎ALA welcomes new Penguin pilot library lending program（ALA 2012/6/21付けプレスリリース） http://www.ala.org/news/pr?id=10836
◎Pilot Project: 3M Cloud Library Will Provide Two New York Libraries Access to Penguin Ebooks（INFOdocket 2012/6/21付け記事） http://www.infodocket.com/2012/06/21/pilot-project-3m-cloud-library-will-provide-two-new-york-libraries-access-to-penguin-titles/
◇dbsv-direkt Nr. 35-12 Unterstutzen Sie den "WIPO-Blindenvertrag"!
Das Ringen um den "Blindenvertrag", der den Zugang blinder Menschen zu Informationen wesentlich verbessern wurde, geht weiter. Am 16. Februar dieses Jahres nahm das Europaische Parlament einstimmig einen Resolutionsantrag an, der die Europaische Kommission und den Rat aufforderte, sich bei der Weltorganisation fur geistiges Eigentum (WIPO) in Genf fur einen "Blindenvertrag" einzusetzen. Seither ist nicht viel geschehen. "Rund vier Wochen vor Beginn der nachsten Verhandlungsrunde in Genf darf die EU nicht mehr zogern und zaudern und sich hinter dem kollektiven Willensbildungsmechanismus verstecken", sagt der Prasident der Europaischen Blindenunion, Wolfgang Angermann. "Die Mitgliedsstaaten sollten stattdessen jetzt endlich den Willen der blinden Menschen und des Europaischen Parlamentes akzeptieren, den WIPO-Vertrag aktiv unterstutzen und damit den rechtlichen Verpflichtungen nachkommen, die ihnen die Behindertenrechtskonvention auferlegt hat."
Die Weltblindenunion, die Europaische Blindenunion und der DBSV bitten Sie, die Leiterin der deutschen WIPO-Delegation anzuschreiben und diese aufzufordern, sich fur einen verbindlichen WIPO-Vertrag einzusetzen. Ein Musterschreiben zum Download sowie den offenen Brief des DBSV und vier weiterer Verbande vom Mai 2011 finden Sie unter:
Welche Position Deutschland und die anderen EU-Mitgliedslander zum "WIPO-Blindenvertrag" haben, erfahren Sie auf der "WIPO-Vertragskarte" der Europaischen Blindenunion unter:
www.euroblind.org/wipo (leider nur in Englisch)
Weniger als 5 Prozent aller in Europa veroffentlichten Bucher sind barrierefrei, liegen also in einem Format vor, das blinden Menschen zuganglich ist, beispielsweise in Blindenschrift. In der ubrigen Welt trifft dies sogar auf weniger als 1 Prozent zu. Die Weltblindenunion und die Europaische Blindenunion bezeichnen diesen Zustand treffend als "Buchernot". Eigentlich musste es die "Buchernot" gar nicht geben, denn modernste Technik konnte im digitalen Zeitalter den Zugang zu Informationen fur Millionen blinde Menschen inner- und auserhalb der EU wesentlich verbessern.
Zur Beseitigung der "Buchernot" haben die Weltblindenunion und die Europaische Blindenunion einen internationalen Vertrag vorgeschlagen, uber den seit mehr als drei Jahren bei der WIPO verhandelt wird. Dieser Vertrag wurde Ausnahmen und Beschrankungen im internationalen Urheberrecht vorsehen und den schnellen und einfachen grenzuberschreitenden Austausch von speziell fur blinde und sehbehinderte Menschen aufbereitetem Lesematerial erlauben. Viele WIPO-Mitgliedsstaaten, u.a. die USA, unterstutzen diesen vor uber drei Jahren von der Weltblindenunion bei der WIPO eingebrachten Vorschlag fur die Ausarbeitung eines Vertrages, doch die EU ist, wie die "WIPO-Vertragskarte" zeigt, uneins.
◇Pew: Patrons Still Don’t Know Libraries Have Ebooks
（June 22, 2012 By Meredith Schwartz The Digital Shift）
Of Americans aged 16 and over, only 2 percent have borrowed an ebook from a library in the past year, The Pew Internet Project announced today at the American Library Association conference in Anaheim, CA. Although the numbers are higher for ebook readers, they’re still small: only 12 percent have borrowed an ebook from the library.
Though given the attention paid to the lack of availability of ebooks for libraries it would be natural to assume that was a major reason more patrons don’t borrow ebooks, it doesn’t appear to be the case. The biggest challenge to library ebook lending may be simply letting patrons know they have any at all. Of the general population, the Pew study found 62 percent don’t even know whether they’re local library loans ebooks (75 percent of them do), and the picture doesn’t get much better for library card holders: 58 percent still don’t know whether their library lends ebooks or not. Device ownership improves the picture but only slightly: 53 percent of tablet owners don’t know, and 48 percent of dedicated ereader owners (such as Nook or Kindle.) Some 47 percent of those who have read an ebook in the last year have no idea if they can do so from the library.
“It was a genuine surprise to see these data,” Lee Rainie, director of the Pew Internet Project, said.
Of those who do know whether their library lends ebooks, 22 percent knew that it did, and 14 percent, that it didn’t. Those who do know found out primarily either at the local branch or via direct online communication with the library, on the library website, catalog, or social media presence. As a result, libraries are much more effectively communicating their ebook offerings to those who already use the library regularly than they are to the larger population of ebook readers in the areas they serve.
Patrons are more forgiving of libraries’ selection difficulties than some may have thought: Among those who do borrow ebooks, about one third, or 32 percent, say the selection is good; 18 percent said it is very good, and 16 percent, excellent. Only 23 percent say it is fair, 4 percent poor, and 8 percent don’t know. This is in spite of the fact that more than half, or 56 percent, have tried to borrow an ebook and found the library doesn’t have it. (52 percent have been put on a waiting list and 18 percent tried to borrow an ebook only to find it was not compatible with their device.)
Of those who don’t already borrow ebooks, nearly half, or 46 percent, would be interested in borrowing devices with preloaded content, and about a third said they would be interested in library-led classes on device use or specifically how to download content.
◎BOOK BORROWERS ARE EBOOK BUYERS
The Pew survey also confirmed what LJ’s Patron Profiles found ? ebook borrowers are ebook buyers, too. Some 41 percent of those who borrow ebooks from libraries had purchased the most recent ebook they’d read. In fact, 55 percent of ebook readers with library cards preferred to buy their ebooks, compared to 36 percent who preferred to borrow them, whether from the library or from friends. (Those proportions are roughly reversed for library ebook borrowers: 33 percent still prefer to buy, and 57 percent, to borrow.) When looking for a new ebook, only 12 percent look at the library first.
The Pew study also confirmed that libraries act as discovery zones, not only for authors whose subsequent books the patron will buy, but sometimes even for particular books, especially ones the patron wants to reread or share with others. One respondent said of the Hunger Games books, “We got the books from the library after waiting a long time for reserved copies. We loved them so much that we are going to purchase the whole series tomorrow from the school Scholastic book order form. Also I have them all on my new iPad Kindle app, and my son is now able to start reading them.” As the quote demonstrates, library ebook readers not only buy books, they buy and read across multiple platforms.
Not surprisingly, readers of ebooks in households making at least $50,000 are more likely to want to purchase ebooks than those who make less. Device owners are also more likely to want to buy their books.
◎BOOK READERS AT THE LIBRARY
Patrons who borrow ebooks often reported more checkouts but fewer physical library visits. This was particularly helpful to those with disabilities or in rural locations where getting to the branch could pose a challenge. However others responded that their e-borrowing supplemented rather than replaced their print borrowing, and one patrons even said it had increased print borrowing, because books found during e-browsing turned out to be available only in print.
Things ebook borrowers liked about the experience included instant access, lack of fines and eliminating the hassle of physically returning books. They were generally satisfied with the length of checkout periods (usually 203 weeks), but said they would like the ability to renew, as well as to return books early if finished. What they didn’t like included the difficulty of search and browsing, especially compared to the commercial experience at sites like Amazon.com, and the hassle of the checkout process, especially if it involves third parties.
◎HOW LIBRARIES HANDLE EBOOKS
About half of the libraries surveyed pay for ebook acquisitions out of their collection budgets; the next more common response is participation in a consortium that provides access to ebooks.
Since library staff are educating patrons on how to download ebooks and sometimes how to use their own devices, staff training is crucial. Those who reported positive training experiences were primarily librarians who had extensive hands-on training with the devices, including being able to take them home and practice on their own. Theoretical training received bad marks, as did out of date training. (Keeping up with the pace of technological change was a commonly reported challenge.
◇Many E-Book Borrowers Buy, Too, Says Pew Study
（June 22, 2012 by Jeremy Greenfield Digital Book World）
Publishers worried that readers who borrow e-books from libraries don’t buy books can put those worries to rest.
According to a new study from the Pew Internet and American Life project, those who borrow e-books from libraries also purchase e-books. When e-book borrowers were asked by Pew how they acquired the last e-book they read, 41% said they bought it.
“E-book borrowers are book lovers,” said Lee Rainie, director of the Pew Internet project. “They the heaviest book-reading cohort of the ones we measured. They are more into books than even e-book readers, the larger group they fall into.”
E-book borrowers represent about 12% of e-book readers, according to the study. Among e-book readers, about 21% of the population per a Pew study from earlier in the year, the buy rate is a slightly higher 55%.
For Rainie, the takeaway is that e-book borrowers are slightly more likely to borrow an e-book than e-book readers, but are still heavy book buyers.
“E-book borrowers being buyers is a phenomenon that’s true in the print world as well,” said Molly Raphael, president of the American Library Association. “We know this anecdotally and this data that shows it is an important finding for us.”
Raphael said that e-book borrowers will discover a book they want to borrow and then see that they have to wait for it to become available and will get impatient and buy it. E-book borrowers also sometimes sample e-books by borrowing them and then buy them.
“Sampling is part of the discovery process in digital media environments,” said Rainie, citing samples of music, articles and movies online.
When you break it down, e-book borrowers only represent 2% of the overall population, according to the study, but are among the most avid readers and buyers of books. To Rainie, that means we’re at the early part of the adoption cycle for an emerging technology. At this point, few people even know that one can borrow e-books from libraries.
Only 58% of library patrons knew their public libraries offered e-books for borrowing, according to the study.
“That number was a genuine surprise,” said Rainie. “Even people that are pretty connected to the e-book world or the library world are also not aware. There are early adopters that are immersed in this world and care about it and there are later adopters and laggards who are not paying attention. That’s playing out here.”
There are programs at libraries designed to educate patrons on e-reading and e-book borrowing, said Raphael, but librarians are not yet aware at how widespread ignorance of e-book lending is. At the ALA meeting in Anaheim, Calif. this week, Pew will be delivering the results of this study.
“One of the points that participants will take away from this conference is that we need to get the word out better that we have e-books,” said Raphael.
The Pew study was conducted by telephone among a nationally representative group of 2,986 people aged 16 and older in the U.S. during November and December 2011.
◎Espana es el primer proveedor de contenidos textuales de la biblioteca digital europea EUROPEANA (Ministerio de Cultura 2012/6/19付けの記事) http://www.mcu.es/gabineteprensa/mostrarDetalleGabinetePrensaAction.do?prev_layout=notas&layout=notas&html=31692012nota.txt&showBack=false&cache=init&language=es
◇OverDrive Launches Next Generation of Its Library E-Book Distribution Service
（June 21, 2012 Digital Book World）
In the approach to the American Library Association’s annual meeting in Anaheim, Calif. next week, there has been a lot of pre-loaded, library-focused news.
Just this morning, Penguin announced that it would begin a pilot program with public libraries in New York and 3M for e-book lending. Yesterday, Library Journal publisher Media Source launched an extensive new book review database for librarians with ambitious plans to expand to consumers. And a children’s book publisher launched a new platform and e-reader aimed at schools and libraries. There will surely be more to come.
Also this morning, major library e-book distributor OverDrive announced the next generation of its library e-book and audiobook distribution platform, adding new features based on feedback from its network of 18,000 libraries and schools.
The features include:
- A browser-based reader called OverDrive Read powered by HTML5
- Streaming audiobooksfor Windows, Mac, iPhone, Android, Windows Phone and Blackberry
- OverDrive Media Station, which will let readers in libraries browse and sample e-books on touchscreen monitors
- Collection development tools for librarians
- A new developer portal launching in July that will enable librarians to integrate library systems with OverDrive technology
OverDrive will demo the platform at the ALA meeting.
◇Amazon’s Audible.com Makes Mobile App for Windows Phone
（June 21, 2012 Digital Book World）
PRESS RELEASE:Audible.com Launches Mobile App for Windows Phone
Audible’s Latest Mobile App Makes More Than 100,000 Audio Titles Available for Instant Download on Windows Phone
Audible, Inc., the leading provider of premium digital audiobooks and entertainment, and an Amazon.com, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMZN) subsidiary, today announced the release of its mobile application for Windows Phone, available immediately for download from Windows Phone Marketplace. Built specifically for the Windows Phone platform, Audible for Windows Phone allows users to wirelessly browse, sample, and purchase from more than 100,000 audiobooks and more using Windows Phone’s unique design and user interface.
“Our customers love the convenience of having their Audible content accessible on any device they choose”
“Our customers love the convenience of having their Audible content accessible on any device they choose,” said Ajay Arora, Vice President of Mobile Applications at Audible, Inc. “Now, with the launch of our new Windows Phone app, the complete Audible experience can be enjoyed by millions of devoted Windows Phone customers, all of whom will now be able to find and listen to their books anytime and anywhere.”
“Windows Phone is backed by a rich developer ecosystem that is creating a variety of quality apps and games, like the Audible app, that take advantage of the phone’s unique features and design,” said Todd Brix, senior director, Windows Phone Marketplace, Microsoft Corp. “With the ability to pin Audible titles to the Start Screen, the Audible app is a great example of the kinds of rich applications available on the Windows Phone Marketplace that enable people to get the most out of their phone,” he continued.
In addition to a robust set of audiobook playback features, Audible for Windows Phone enhances the audiobook listening experience with features including:
-Wireless transfer from your Audible library to your phone
-Background audio support enabling listening while using other apps
-Ability to keep track of personal listening stats and earn badges
-Share bookmarks and favorite titles with friends via Facebook and Twitter
-Pin Audible titles to your Start screen using Live Tiles
The Audible for Windows Phone App is available for free download from Windows Phone Marketplace and is compatible with devices running Windows Phone 7.5 and higher. For more information, please visit audible.com/wireless/windowsphone.
◇Conference Under Way, ALA President Praises New Penguin Ebook Pilot With NYC Libraries
（June 21, 2012 By Michael Kelley The Digital Shift）
As the American Library Association’s annual conference got under way today in Anaheim, ALA President Molly Raphael praised the decision by Penguin Group USA to re-enter the library ebook lending market on a trial basis with the New York Public Library, Brooklyn Public Library, and 3M.
On the first day of the conference, Raphael released this statement:
I applaud Penguin’s decision today to re-start e-book sales to libraries so that we may again meet our mutual goals of connecting authors and readers. This has been at the core of ALA’s outreach to Penguin and other major publishers over the past six months, and I am thrilled they are willing to try new business models in collaboration with libraries. This is an important development in our evolving relationship with publishers and intermediaries.
As we move forward together, we must continue to experiment. One key area is to leverage the library’s role as a place of discovery to find new authors and titles. Having immediate access to titles from first-time and niche authors, for instance, presents a win-win-win for publishers, libraries and our library users who buy, as well as borrow.
We welcome new partners in creating and supporting a nation of readers. I hope we’ll be hearing more announcements like this very soon.
The conference, which runs until Tuesday, had an advance registration of 10,310, or 12,213 if exhibitor guest passes are included. This compares to 11,273 (and 12,727) in New Orleans last year.
◎Brain Hive http://www.brainhive.com/Pages/Home.aspx
◎BrainHive to Offer Schools Pay-As-You-Go Access to Ebooks (School Library Journal 2012/6/4付けの記事) http://www.schoollibraryjournal.com/slj/home/894701-312/brainhive_to_offer_schools_pay-as-you-go.html.csp
◎On-Demand eBook Service for K-12 Schools Announced from Brain Hive, LLC （Market Watch 2012/6/4付けの記事） http://www.marketwatch.com/story/on-demand-ebook-service-for-k-12-schools-announced-from-brain-hive-llc-2012-06-04
◎Brain Hive Announces New On-Demand E-Book Service for K-12 Schools (THE Journal 2012/6/5付けの記事) http://thejournal.com/articles/2012/06/05/brain-hive-announces-new-on-demand-ebook-service-for-k12-schools.aspx
◇Internet Governance in Europe: IFLA at the EuroDig
（20 June 2012 IFLA）
Last week in Stockholm IFLA participated in the European Internet Governance Forum for the first time. The forum, also known as EuroDIG, bought together over 200 representatives from governments, businesses and civil society to discuss the central theme of 'Who Sets the Rules for the Internet?' Many more representatives from all over Europe followed the sessions online and participated remotely.
The international library community has previously engaged with the global-level Internet Governance Forum (IGF) since 2008. In 2012, following the formation of an IGF Dynamic Coalition on Public Access in Libraries, IFLA, along with Electronic Information for Libraries (EIFL), has been keen to ensure that library issues are heard at regional and national IGFs. Library groups have this year participated in national IGFs in Finland and Germany .
Libraries were visible in a number of EuroDIG sessions. Stuart Hamilton, IFLA Director on Policy and Advocacy, took part in the first plenary session on intellectual property. The forum was notable for a large youth contingent, as well as a commitment to participant dialogue over presentations, and and the attitudes to copyright and information sharing that came from the floor were refreshing and challenging in equal measure. A clear message came through - that analog copyright frameworks will not work for users in a digital world.
K?stutis Ju?kevi?ius, from the National Library of Lithuania, represented the library viewpoint in a workshop on digital inclusion, arguing that policymakers should take greater notice of libraries as a way to solve their digital inclusion and development problems. The library advocates at the event pushed this viewpoint constantly: that in a time of economic crisis libraries offer an existing infrastructure that can help governments achieve education, development and inclusion goals - and they should take advantage of it.
In the event's opening ceremony EU Commissioner Neelie Kroes mentioned the way that Romanian libraries have payed a key role in helping citizens get access to agricultural subsidies, thus bringing much needed funds into rural communities. This was a helpful intervention to reference when IFLA participated in a workshop on access to government data, where we made the argument that public libraries should be included in any open government partnership plans due to their ability to make communities aware of the availability of data, as well as how to access it.
As well as speaking from the floor whenever possible, libraries were also represented in a workshop on the use of ICTs by migrant populations to encourage integration in communities. The two days of sessions offered a number of opportunities not only to raise the profile of libraries' work but also to meet key decision makers from governments and businesses and impress upon them the need to support libraries. IFLA will now continue to engage with the IGF and is arranging a workshop with EIFL and The Internet Society (ISOC) on libraries and inclusion at the main IGF in Azerbaijan in November. If you are interested in these issues please consider joining the mailing list for the Dynamic Coalition, or contact Stuart Hamilton for further information.
◇Publishers, Industry Moguls, and Disability Advocates Gather to Discuss Access
（JUNE 20, 2012 by Valerie Chernek Bookshare Blog）
Saturday, June 9, 2012 wrapped up the first Inclusive Publishing conference hosted by the National Federation of the Blind (NFB) at Jernigan Institute in Baltimore, MD, and the DAISY Consortium. NFB and DAISY teamed up with representatives from 20 countries, including Benetech/Bookshare, U.S. K?12 and higher education publishers (Pearson, Cengage, and SAS), and industry moguls (Apple, Google, and Adobe) to collaborate on issues of access affecting millions who cannot read print. Participants met to:
-Discuss current levels of accessibility in global and U.S. markets
-Share the landscape of today’s eBook evolution in publishing and education
-Collaborate and exchange ideas on further best practices when retrofitting, developing new products, and/or delivering materials
-Learn more about browser-based reading systems
-Advance accessible digital content in the K?12 and higher education areas of STEM (Science, Technology, English, and Mathematics)
-Evolve attitudes and commit to future equal access for all
Betsy Beaumon, VP and General Manager of Literacy Programs at Benetech, which includes the Bookshare online library, Route 66, and the DIAGRAM Center (Digital Image and Graphics Resources for Accessible Materials), spoke about the work of the DIAGRAM Center.
In her talk, she discussed research and development efforts and progress in making graphic images in digital content accessible and standardized. She shared news of Poet, Benetech’s new open source web application tool, which leverages crowdsourcing to create and edit image descriptions in books used by K?12 and postsecondary students with print disabilities. She praised DIAGRAM partner organizations, including WGBH National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM) and the DAISY Consortium, as well as disability advocates and publishers who are now working together to evolve image and graphic content for accessible education materials (AEM).
Betsy was introduced by Dr. George Kerscher, Secretary General for the DAISY Consortium and President of the International Digital Publishing Forum, who recently won the 2012 AFB Migel Medal award from the American Foundation of the Blind (AFB).
Dr. Kerscher’s legacy includes the successful implementation of the DAISY standard (Digital Accessible Information SYstem), now adopted worldwide for the production of accessible eBooks. He encouraged participants to continue a shift in attitude from a baseline publishing development perspective toward the new access movement characterized by the term “Born Digital.” The goal of this movement is to make books, textbooks, and digital materials accessible and high quality from the start. In her talk, Betsy said she hopes “Born Digital” will also mean “Born Accessible.”
Ms. Beaumon will continue to share new technologies and the latest DIAGRAM developments in tools, content, and accessibility standards as they affect publishing, K?12, and higher education. View a short excerpt from her presentation on YouTube. For speaking engagement inquiries, please email Valerie Chernek.
◇Unglue.it Frees Their First Book
（June 20, 2012 By Roy Tennant The Digital Shift）
Just in time for the ALA Annual Conference in Anaheim, the library startup Unglue.it has “unglued” their first book. What this means is that soon this book will be openly available as an ebook. What it took to “free” or, in their parlance, “unglue” it was a collection of monetary pledges from individuals similar to how Kickstarter.com helps launch ideas that need funding.
Individual donors are enticed by various incentive gifts at different price points. Donors are not actually charged unless a campaign is successful, and each campaign is time-bounded so if a given title does not make its goal by the deadline it isn’t freed.
So far there are only a few titles available for ungluing, but Unglue.it staffers believe getting a few successful campaigns under their belts are what is needed to entice other rights holders to play along. Having this first success is certainly essential to making the case that crowdsourcing compensation for authors and rights holders will work as a model for making more books freely available.
What was the first book freed? Oral Literature in Africa, by Ruth Finnegan. According to WorldCat, well over 700 libraries hold this title. A good start, I say.
If you’re going to ALA and the above is intriguing to you, look them up in the Exhibit Hall in the Small Press area, at table 2752. I’m sure they’d be delighted to answer your questions.
◇Microsoft、オリジナルタブレット「Surface」を発表 Windows RT／Windows 8 Pro搭載
（2012年06月19日 09時10分 更新 eBook USER 佐藤由紀子，ITmedia）
米Microsoftは6月18日（現地時間）、オリジナルタブレット「Surface」を発表した。Windows RT版とWindows 8 Pro版の2種類で、RT版は次期Windows OSリリースと同時（2012年秋とみられている）に、8 Pro版は90日後に米国のMicrosoft Storeおよびオンラインストアで発売する。
ディスプレイ：16：9の10.6インチ（詳細は不明だがClearType HD Displayであることから解像度は1366×768と推測）。ゴリラガラス採用
コネクタ：microSDスロット、USB 2.0、Micro HD Video、2x2 MIMOアンテナ
Office Home & Student 2013 RT Previewプリインストール
Windows 8 Pro版の仕様は以下の通り。
CPU：Core i5 Ivy Bridge
ディスプレイ：16：9の10.6インチ（詳細は不明だがClearType full HD Displayであることから解像度は1920×1080と推測）。ゴリラガラス採用
コネクタ：microSDXCスロット, USB 3.0、Mini DisplayPort Video、2x2 MIMOアンテナ
◇オランダ王立図書館、EPUBフォーマットの長期保存に関するレポート“EPUB for archival preservation”を公表
オランダ王立図書館（KB）が、電子書籍フォーマットの1つであるEPUBの長期保存をテーマとしたレポート“EPUB for archival preservation”（2012年6月18日付け）を公表しました。レポートでは、EPUBの主な特徴や機能、EPUB2とEPUB3の違い、保存性能や主なリスク等についてまとめられており、最終章に結論および推奨事項が述べられています。
◎EPUB for archival preservation（PDF：38ページ） http://www.openplanetsfoundation.org/system/files/epubForArchivalPreservation18062012ExternalDistribution_0.pdf
◎EPUB for archival preservation（Open Planets Foundation 2012/6/18付け記事） http://www.openplanetsfoundation.org/blogs/2012-06-18-epub-archival-preservation
◎Sustainability of Digital Formats: Planning for Library of Congress Collections（米国議会図書館） http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/
◇Authors Group Offers Special Ebook Pricing for Libraries
（JUNE 19, 2012, The Digital Shift）
(BVC), a professional author-run epublisher, last month announced the launch of a library-friendly “All You Can Read” ebook program, which offers libraries a 45 percent discount on BVC’s catalog, making the average price of the company’s ebooks less than $3.00.
BVC is currently partnering with over 40 authors, including Hugo and Nebula award winners such as Ursula K. Le Guin, Vonda N. McIntyre, David D. Levine, and Linda Nagata, as well as New York Times bestsellers and notable authors Patricia Rice, Maya Kaathryn Bohnhoff, Lois Gresh, and Sarah Zettel.
“The new age of publishing is about just these kind of partnerships,” Jamie LaRue, director of Douglas County Libraries (DCL), said in a release. DCL, along with the distributor Wheelers Books in New Zealand, became the first institutions to sign distribution agreements with BVC last month. “ Forward-thinking publishers and forward-thinking libraries that help authors do what they do best: create content that finds an audience.”
Author Chris Dolley, who is also serving as BVC’s library coordinator, told LJ that BVC is aiming for wide coverage, and is willing to sell ebooks direct to libraries, as it does with DCL, or use distributors. The group is currently working with Smashwords to supply Baker & Taylor’s Axis 360 platform, and is in talks with other distributors, including OverDrive.
Dolley acknowledged the concerns that many major publishers have expressed?that easy-to-download ebooks might negatively impact an author’s sales. But he noted that it is just as likely that library patrons will read more and discover new authors.
“My view is that no one knows how the future is going to play out,” he wrote in an e-mail to LJ. “Yes, some people will buy fewer books, but some people will start reading more and will discover new authors.”
This increase in reading and discovery was recently documented by LJ in our Patron Profiles survey.
Dolley continued, noting that “it’s very easy to be frightened of change but, for authors, our biggest fear is obscurity not free books. But, the main reason we want to work with libraries is that we’re all huge supporters. We grew up with libraries and we want the next generations to grow up with libraries.”
Ingram to Offer MyiLibrary Ebook Platform to Public Libraries in September | ALA Annual 2012 ? The Digital Shift
◇Ingram to Offer MyiLibrary Ebook Platform to Public Libraries in September
（June 19, 2012, By Michael Kelley, The Digital Shift）
Ingram Content Group, one of the dominant players in the academic ebook market with its MyiLibrary platform, has been gearing up for several months to introduce MyiLibrary to the public library market. The launch date is now scheduled for September, but at the American Library Association annual conference this week in Anaheim Ingram will be demonstrating how it is tailoring the platform and its content to serve the public library channel (booth #1446).
“Toward the end of 2011 we decided the time was right to get into the public library sphere,” said Richard Rosy, Ingram’s vice president and general manager for library services. “This platform is very strong in the academic community around the world, and we decided it was time to go to public libraries with it.”
Like other major companies such as EBSCO (Ebooks on EBSCOhost) and Baker & Taylor (Axis 360), Ingram realized that leaving Cleveland-based OverDrive, the dominant ebook vendor for public libraries, an open playing field was no longer the way to go. Rosy said the company carefully watched as the demand among public libraries steadily grew over the past few years, to the point where Ingram saw the same commitment to the format that they had long seen in the academic community.
“With the advent of all the devices and people coming into public libraries looking for ebook content, the time was right,” Rosy said. “Librarians were really starting to ask our reps, ‘Do you have ebooks?’ “
Ingram’s ambition with MyiLibrary is to have it be as strong in the public space as it is in the academic space, Rosy said.
“The opportunity for libraries to have more than one provider is really important because they need choices,” Rosy said. “The content is going to end up being the same. It’s really about the services and ease of use of the platform ? how easy is it to download, how many steps is it? those are the kind of things we think we excel at,” he said.
Over the past six months, Ingram has been reconfiguring the MyiLibrary interface to make it more user friendly for public library patrons, and it also has been diversifying the 300,000 plus titles in the collection to include more popular content. Similar to the challenges that EBSCO has faced with its transformation of the old NetLibrary into Ebooks on EBSCOhost, Ingram has to diversify a collection that presently slants toward scholarly content.
“One of the strengths we have as Ingram is that we’ve got a large group of content acquisition associates who do nothing except call on publishers to secure electronic content,” Rosy said. “Six months ago we told them we need public library material as well.”
Ingram scours through the millions of titles in Core Source, its digital asset management and distribution system that publishers use as a repository, as well as the company’s print-on-demand business unit Lightning Source to determine if there are titles that might work well in the public library channel.
“We manage the publishers’ inventory and if we see content relevant to the public library market but which the publisher hasn’t offered yet, we go to the publisher and ask them if they are interested in exposing the content to public libraries,” Rosy said.
Many university presses are available through the platform, including a handful added just this week: Duke University Press, Princeton University Press, University of Michigan Press, Vanderbilt University Press, and the University of California Press. But others publishers that use the platform include McGraw-Hill, John Wiley, Encyclopedia Britannica, Rough Guides, Prentice Hall, F&W Media and others. A more detailed list of featured publishers is at the end of this article.
“We have a good amount of public library titles in our collection ? Wiley travel books, Dummy guides, cookbooks, romance,” Rosy said. “So our attitude now is to go out and get more public library content.” He added that the collection’s reference material could prove attractive to public libraries. Reference is also a strong point for ebrary’s Public Library Complete and Gale’s Virtual Reference Library.
Ingram is negotiating with the Big Six publishers, but has not yet finalized any contracts, and the company will have a lot of ground to make up if it is going to catch OverDrive in the area of highly coveted front-list popular trade fiction?a task further complicated by the publisher-imposed restraints in that area (see A Guide to Publishers in the Library Ebook Market).
The company is also working on the platform itself, which is well tested in the academic market, so that both the content and the technology will be primed once they enter the public library market. They are reaching out to libraries to prep them.
“It’s an educational phase right now,” said Marcus Roberson, the director of sales for library services. “You market to people and educate them about the offerings you have and the technology direction that you are going in so that when the content hits and we load it and offer it they are ready and understand how the platform works,” he said.
The platform will require jumping interfaces, which is not what a lot of librarians are demanding, but Roberson said Ingram is working with numerous vendors of integrated library systems to achieve via web services the more seamless experience librarians want.
“What they want to do is have an experience for the patron where they find something in the catalog and get it, rather than have to go through so many steps that people get tired half way through and don’t complete the process,” Roberson said. “We don’t want them to get frustrated. We want to be able to offer up to the ILS companies the ability to come and get the information out of our system [such as circulation statistics] in a seamless manner so that it keeps that experience at the library level. The fewer the clicks the better.”
To date, Polaris and 3M are the only companies to achieve such an integration, although OverDrive is scheduled to release its first set of APIs in July..
Richard Rosy, vice president and general manager, Ingram Content Group library services
Ingram offers a one-step authentication process and free MARC records within 72 hours that provide a link out to the Ingram platform, according to Kelly Clifton, a sales representative.
And Ingram also offers an ordering interface called iPage (a public counterpart to Oasis on the academic side) that allows one-stop shopping for electronic and print material, a feature many librarians desire. Baker & Taylor announced a similar feature recently for its Title Source 3 ordering platform.
“We’ve had a dual print/electronic portal for two years in the academic community. So, we built it and we know how to do it,” Rosy said. “Today, on our platforms, they pick the content they want and then they get a list of the different formats and they have the choice of all the formats in front of them. We’re proud of that.”
Ingram has set the platform fee at $500, which is relatively inexpensive compared to OverDrive and which Rosy said might make Ingram a more attractive option among small or rural libraries. But it is still more than EBSCO, which charges no platform fee, or a service like Freading, from Library Ideas, which offers a collection of 20,000 plus titles on a pay-per-use model for a $150 startup fee (or no charge for libraries already subscribing to the company’s Freegal music service)..
The lending models for the public library version of MyiLibrary are one-book, one-user, and also a model that allows three simultaneous users if the library pays about 165 percent of the title’s retail price. Ingram also will work with public libraries to set up patron-driven acquisition (PDA) profiles.
“We do PDA in a big way and we are definitely going with PDA in the public sphere as well,” Rosy said.
The formats are PDF and epub, and downloads are available via Adobe Digital Editions (ADE) to all major devices except Kindle, although Kindle Fire is compatible. If the patron has a wireless connection, they can access the title directly without ADE. There is also a browser-based reader available.
“It’s an integrated approach to content in all its forms, and the tools we put in front of the user are going to be seamless,” Rosy said. “We are all going to end up with the same content so then it’s all about the services, the ease of use, the acquisition plans and we’ve proven that we are capable of delivering all of those things.”
◇Google Now Selling E-Books in Spain and Germany
（June 15, 2012 Digital Book World）
According to multiple media reports, Google is now selling e-books in Spain and in Germany through local Google Play storefronts. These store openings follow Google’s first international bookstore opening in local language in Italy in May.
Google joins competitors Amazon, Barnes & Noble and Kobo in embarking on an international expansion strategy.
“We’re working hard to bring more content to more places,” a Google Play spokesperson told Digital Book World.
According to Publishers Lunch, France is next.
◇Google Play Books Arrive in Germany
（JUN 14, By Michael Kozlowski Good E−Reader）
Google has just launched its Play Bookstore in Germany today. Customers can enjoy bestsellers like Charlotte Link’s Der Beobachter or Jeanette Walls’ Ein ungezahmtes Leben, as well as classic titles. Readers in Germany can access Play Books via iOS, Android, and the internet.
There are close to 2 million free books and hundreds of thousands of paid books available via the Google ecosystem. You can sample books before you buy them and read them right online. Some major publishers in Germany have also signed onto the platform to distribute their books, such as Random House (Del Rey, DVA, Goldmann, Heyne), Lubbe, CH Beck, Springer, Munich Publishing Group, epubli, GRIN, and Holtzbrinck.
The selection of books right now is fairly lackluster and I would recommend doing business with Txtr (a homegrown Berlin based company) or Amazon.
◇OverDrive To Feature Fast Turnaround MARC Records, New APIs For OPAC Customization
（June 14, 2012 By Matt Enis The Digital Shift）
In response to feedback from librarians and their patrons, digital content distributor OverDrive will soon roll out several “next generation” features that will make ebooks easier to access and catalog, and will make audiobooks easier to sample and download, according to Steve Potash, president and chief executive officer of the Cleveland-based company.
“We are going live with…one new partner and one new service to automate and reduce the time and cost for MARC records,” Potash explained during a June 14 meeting with LJ and SLJ staff.
The new partner is The Library Corporation (TLC), Inwood, WV which has been testing a program that pairs its eBiblioFile service with Overdrive’s acquisition interface at 50 libraries. The feature is expected to be available to all OverDrive customers by July.
“When you are selecting titles in your OverDrive account, adding new lists or materials, you can check a box, and TLC?in many cases within 24 to 48 hours?will deliver customized MARC. And they are doing it at a value price,” Potash said.
In addition, OverDrive will soon launch a new, free MARC record service called MARC Express, which will generate minimal, basic MARC records immediately, using information supplied by publishers.
“It’s not going to serve the needs of anyone who wants customized MARC, but it [will be] in many cases, a placeholder,” Potash said. “We needed to create that service for the [Application Programming Interface] API users out there. Now that we’re putting out APIs to adjust our catalog, check availability, we had to create a more scalable bib record service.”
OCLC will remain “a very important cataloging partner” to OverDrive and many of its customers, Potash said. But, he noted that the OCLC was facing challenges keeping pace with the sheer volume of ebook content that is currently being produced, and said that turnaround time for customized MARC records has been a recurring complaint among many OverDrive customers.
“We’ve got to be thankful for [OCLC], because every week now, I’m giving them, like, 13,000 Cyrillic Russian ebooks,” Potash said.
In addition, the APIs that OverDrive will be releasing will allow libraries more options to customize how their patrons access OverDrive-licensed content?including options that won’t require patrons to be directed away from a library’s OPAC to read that content.
“We’re releasing, in July, the first three APIs,” Potash said. “That’s going to be metadata, so people can get our catalog, and get the benefit of [book] covers, and bib records, and samples. …The second one is the availability API, so you know the status of how many copies, how many on the shelf, how many holds, what the wait list is. The third is a search API, so you can utilize this new Google-esqe search platform [with predictive search capabilities] for third parties that want to do a little front-end [interface] but they don’t have their own search infrastructure.”
Later this year, OverDrive will add another wave of APIs, including a content API that will enable users to place holds, add to wishlists, perform checkouts and returns, and other functions through their library’s own user interfaces if the library prefers to set it up that way, Potash said.
These enhancements are paired with additional new features designed to improve patrons’ downloading experiences with audiobooks and ebooks, all of which fit under OverDrive’s “next generation” umbrella.
In late May, the company announced that it would soon launch a new browser-based ebook platform called “OverDrive Read,” which promises to enable readers to read ebooks using any device with a standard web browser and Internet connection?including computers, mobile phones and tablets?without installing additional software or activating a dedicated device. The platform is based on HTML 5 and EPUB open standards, and technology pioneered by Australian ebook firm Booki.sh, which OverDrive acquired in March.
And, this week, the company announced plans to update its audiobook download services with “Listen Now” streaming options that will allow readers to instantly “See Book?Hear Book.” This will enable readers to sample excerpts or listen to complete books without first downloading an entire title. This “Listen Now” feature will complement?not replace?the audiobook download option. Both OverDrive Read and Listen Now features for ebooks will not cost extra for OverDrive’s customers.
Streaming audiobooks and browser-based ebooks will also enhance the patron’s experience with new OverDrive Media Stations, a new interface that uses Internet workstations or touchscreen monitors to offer patrons an easy way access a library’s digital selection of content. All of these new features will be showcased and demonstrated at the upcoming ALA Conference in Anaheim next week.
Potash also expressed optimism regarding future ebook availability from the “big six” publishing houses. Data from consumer surveys such as LJ’s own Patron Profiles series, as well as data from OverDrive surveys, their “buy it now” buttons, the American Library Association, and even Amazon’s Kindle Owner’s Lending Library (KOLL), are getting noticed by publishers, he said. These data consistently indicate that ebook borrowers are also regular ebook buyers, and that by allowing lending, publishers have an opportunity to market their backlists and turn readers on to new authors.
Speaking specifically about KOLL, Potash said, “right now, it is helping me prove the point that discovery and borrowing of digital books lifts sales, lifts exposure, [and] increases reach. Right now…with their [one-per-month ebook lending] limitation, they are now putting data out about how books that are in their lending library spike purchases of digital, spike purchases of print, and then elevate that author’s activity.”
◇Book Expo America 2012まとめ
（2012年06月14日 eBook USER Michael Kozlowski，Good e-Reader Blog）
Book Expo America 2012（BEA 2012）が終了したが、今回のイベントにはGoodEReaderのMercy、Peter、そして筆者が現地入りし、IDPFとBEA全体を総力取材した。
今年のイベントで明白だったのは、電子書籍とテクノロジーの扱いが非常に小さかったことだ。Scholastic、Harper Collins、Harlequinのレーベル Karina Pressや大手6大出版社の大半はそれらをまったく取り上げなかった。企業幹部の一部に取材をしても、電子書籍部門から担当者を帯同させることすらほとんどみられなかった。それらの企業は電子流通が未来を左右すると騒ぐ割に、それを実際に示そうとはしていないとうことがよく分かった。
われわれはBook Expo前日の朝食会に招待を受け、そこで同社は「Writing Life」を披露した。そこにはケビン・アンダーソン氏といった著名な作家が招かれており、β版での経験を出席者と共有した。
最大の利点はユーザーに提供されるリアルタイム販売・統計情報だ。大半の自主出版関連企業は月末か4半期末にしかデータを提供しない。Writing Lifeにより、ユーザーは価格、表紙絵、マーケティングなど本の販売にとって何が効果的なのか短時間で試行できる。例えば、サンフランシスコをブックツアーで訪問しながら本の販売結果への影響を把握していないようなケースでは、Writing Lifeの情報によって以降もブックツアーを行うことに果たして価値があるのかを判断できるようになる。
AmazonはBEAでより大きな存在感を見せるだろうと思っていたが、CreatespaceとKindle Direct Publishingの関係者しか出席していなかった。本当はAudible、Kindle Singlesの関係者と話したかったのだが、ほかには誰もいなかった。
Amazonは会議を利用し、自主出版向けのCreatespaceを利用して制作された書籍をKindle Direct Publishingへ投稿するように図る新プログラムをアナウンスした。
◎Barnes & Noble
Barnes & NobleはBEAで公式ブースを構えなかったが、会議には何人かの幹部社員を送り込みメディアおよび出版社対応を行った。われわれはAndroid開発の責任者であるビジネス開発部長、スティーブン・マクドネル氏と会談した。
マクドネル氏はBarnes & Nobleがなぜ4月にロンドンでイベントを開催したか、そして同社のストアでどの分野のアプリがよく売れているかについて事実関係を明確にする幾つかのポイントを説明してくれた。ロンドンのイベントは英国の開発者との会合のためで、NOOKアプリストアにアプリを投稿するように促す趣旨だったようだ。Flick Golfのような有名なゲームが同社のアプリストアに間もなく登場することが期待できるようだ。マクドネル氏によると、子ども向けアプリとライフスタイルアプリがよく売れているとのことだ。
次に、Barnes & Nobleの電子書籍担当副社長、ジム・ヒルト氏に取材を行った。ヒルト氏はNOOK Glowの成功について、NFCに期待できることは何かについて、また同社の小売事業およびデジタル関連事業間のさらなるシナジーについて語ってくれた。
コンテンツ配信にEPUB、EPUB3、EPUB4、Kindle Format 8、HTML5、PDFとスタンドアロンのアプリが利用されている。LULUやBookbabyといった、電子書籍フォーマット変換サービスをうたう企業が跳梁跋扈し、電子書籍の国際標準が存在しないのは絶望的だ。
BEAはデジタルという点では物足りなかったが、出会った人々は本当に素晴らしかった。形式的なインタビューを行う前に、取材する人の顔と名前を一致させたり、仕事について話したりするのは非常に面白かった。Barnes & Noble、Kobo、3M、Overdrive、Disney、Smashwordsの各社と何時間にもわたって、われわれのインタビューに回答したり、仕事の話をしてくれた大勢の方々に感謝したい。電子出版関連の諸問題の現状と電子書籍および流通の将来について語る人々の目に曇りがないのを目の当たりにして興奮した。
◇Overdrive to launch Expanded Audiobook Functionality later this Year
（JUN 13, By Michael Kozlowski Good E−Reader）
Overdrive is well known as the premier eBook content distribution platform that libraries use to facilitate the lending of digital books, audiobooks, videos and more. Today the company announced it will update its popular audiobook download services to include new options for readers to instantly “See Book?Hear Book.” Scheduled for launch later this year, streaming audiobooks will be available on a wide range of Internet-connected devices, including smartphones, tablets and computers. This instant-access technology will eliminate long downloads before listening to popular audiobooks from libraries and schools throughout the OverDrive network. The “Listen Now” option will complement the download options already in use with the millions of installed OverDrive Media Console apps on all supported app platforms.
OverDrive will incorporate the streaming option into the free OverDrive Media Console apps, enabling readers to access complete audiobooks or to immediately sample excerpts without first downloading the title. These new features will also be present in the new OverDrive Media Station. Media Station is a new touchscreen initiative that allows customers to browse a libraries database of content on virtually any touchscreen monitor, tablet or other device. The cool thing about the media station, is that is software dependent and hardware agnostic.
（2012年06月13日 13時00分 更新 eBook USER）
米国のWebデザイナー向けブログサイト「A List Apart」で、O'Reilly Mediaの電子書籍制作責任者であるネリー・マッケソン氏が、CSS3を使ったプロの書籍デザイナー向けワークフローを紹介している。
記事では、Adobe InDesignなどの商用ソフトやXSL-FOを一切使わず、CSS3のPaged Media Moduleを使い、XML／XHTMLコンテンツをEPUBおよび紙印刷用CMYK PDFの両方に変換するポイントを紹介。PDF変換については、オープンソースの「xhtml2pdf」、もしくは豪YesLogicやアンテナハウスの商用PDFエンジンが必要となるが、トンボ追加方法などまさに現場プロ向けの記事内容となっている。
◎One third of Irish public Libraries use OverDrive ebooks service from Interleaf Technology(2012.6.12付け) http://www.irishpressreleases.ie/2012/06/12/one-third-of-irish-public-libraries-use-overdrive-ebooks-service-from-interleaf-technology/
◎OverDrive e-books now available in one-third of Irish public libraries(2012.6.12付け) http://www.siliconrepublic.com/new-media/item/27724-overdrive-e-books-now-avail
オープンアクセスリポジトリ連合（Confederation of Open Access Repositories：COAR）が、“National Licenses and Open Access in Germany”（2012年5月付け）と題したペーパーを公開しました。これは、ドイツが国家レベルで行っている、学術雑誌契約の際にライセンスの中にオープンアクセス（セルフアーカイビングへの許可）に関する条項を含めるよう出版社と交渉するという取組を紹介するものです。取組の背景や結果なども含めてまとめられています。
◎National Licenses and Open Access in Germany（PDF：4ページ） http://www.coar-repositories.org/files/COAR_Licensing_Case_Study_Germany_May2012.pdf
◎"National Licenses and Open Access in Germany"（Digital Koans 2012/6/11付け記事） http://digital-scholarship.org/digitalkoans/2012/06/11/national-licenses-and-open-access-in-germany/
◇BookExpo America Report：BEAでのAmazonバッシングについて
（2012年06月13日 eBook USER Mercy Pilkington，Good e-Reader Blog]
IDPF Digital Bookイベントの特別会場で、最後のゲストスピーカーとなったThe Author’s Guildのポール・エイケン氏は、Appleと5大出版社に対する米国司法省の捜査について10分間で一方的な説明を行い、Amazonは捜査は訴訟に名前が上がっていないにもかかわらず、「暴利をむさぼるAmazonの価格モデル」というフレーズを3回も繰り返した。これは今年のイベントでそれに関する話題を持ち出さないように全体に警告が行われた後のことだ。
◎Writing a new chapter for French books（European Public Policy Blog 2012/6/11付け記事） http://googlepolicyeurope.blogspot.jp/2012/06/writing-new-chapter-for-french-books.html
◎グーグル、電子書籍の販売で仏作家団体と合意（CNET Japan 2012/6/12付け記事） http://japan.cnet.com/news/business/35018105/
◎Google Book Search裁判：Google、フランス出版業界との和解が成立（eBook USER 2012/6/12付け記事） http://ebook.itmedia.co.jp/ebook/articles/1206/12/news084.html
◎Google’s Book-Scanning Project Has Deal in France（NYTimes.com 2012/6/11付け記事） http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/12/technology/french-publisher-group-strikes-deal-with-google-over-e-books.html
◎Google and French authors, publishers settle（The Bookseller 2012/6/11付け記事） http://www.thebookseller.com/news/google-and-french-authors-publishers-settle.html
◎Google announces digital book venture in France（paidContent 2012/6/11付け記事） http://paidcontent.org/2012/06/11/google-announces-digital-book-venture-in-france/
◇OverDrive to Provide Streaming Audiobooks to Libraries and Schools
（June 13, 2012 Digital Book World）
Digital book and audiobook distributor OverDrive will be allowing its users to stream audiobooks in a new service set to launch later this year.
Currently, OverDrive allows audiobook downloads for its library and school clients. The new feature will eliminate long download periods for users who want to listen to audiobooks. OverDrive will be demonstrating the new feature at the American Library Association’s annual conference at the end of June.
OverDrive has been busy lately, developing a browser-based e-reader and creating and providing new and detailed e-book use reports to librarians and publishers.
◇米国国立公文書館、"Open Government Plan"2012年版を公開
NARA(米国国立公文書館)が、開かれた政府に向けた計画"Open Government Plan"の2012年版を公開しています。この計画は、「透明性」「参加」「協力」にむけて、NARAが2012年から2014年の2年間に取り組む事項を示したものです。
（2012-06-12 11:09:59 hon.jp Day Watch）
フランスの出版業界ニュースサイト「ActuaLitte」によると、Google社（本社：米国カリフォルニア州）は現地時間6月11日、フランスの出版社団体Syndicat national de l'edition（本部：仏国パリ市、以後：SNE）および作家団体Societe des gens de lettres（同）と協定を締結し、現在流通されていない書籍を電子書籍として販売することを発表した。
◎仏ActuaLitteの記事（ http://www.actualitte.com/dossiers/monde-edition/reportages/accord-google-un-internet-raisonne-ou-chaque-partie-se-comprend-1745.htm ）
◇HathiTrust Research Centerが2011年度後半の活動報告書を公表
2011年4月に設置された“HathiTrust Research Center”（HTRC）の2011年10月から2012年3月までの半年間における活動報告書が公開されています。2011年4月に設置されたHTRCは、米国の大学等による協同デジタルリポジトリ“HathiTrust”を利用した研究を行うための環境を構築することを目的としています。2011年7月から2012年末までをフェーズ1としており、研究のためのインフラや関連ツールを開発し、2012年6月までにデモ版を完成させる予定です。
◎HathiTrust Research Center Semi-annual Report (October 1, 2011 - March 31, 2012) http://www.hathitrust.org/updates_htrc_oct2011-mar2012
◎HTRC Timeline and Deliverables http://www.hathitrust.org/htrc_timeline_deliverables
◎HathiTrust Research Center UnCamp 2012 http://www.hathitrust.org/htrc_uncamp2012
◎HathiTrust Research Center Semi-annual Report (April 1, 2011 - September 31, 2011) http://www.hathitrust.org/updates_htrc_apr2011-sep2011
◎New: HathiTrust Research Center Semi-Annual Report (October 1, 2011 ? March 31, 2012)（LJ INFOdocket 2012/6/8付け記事） http://www.infodocket.com/2012/06/08/new-hathitrust-research-center-semi-annual-report-october-1-2011-march-31-2012/
◇UK Supermarket Chain Buys HMV Stake in E-Bookseller Anobii for Pennies
（June 12, 2012 Digital Book World）
For about $1.50, UK retailer HMV Group has been persuaded to part with its 64% stake in e-bookseller Anobii.
The buyer is Sainsbury, the UK’s third-largest supermarket chain, according to Reuters. The company has made an aggressive move into the online entertainment space, following its 2010 launch of Sainsbury’s Entertainment, its 2011 acquisition of Global Media Vault and its 2012 launch of a music download service.
If $1.50 for a 64% stake were to accurately value the company, the combined stake of the remaining shareholders, publishers HarperCollins, Penguin and Random House, would be worth about $0.75.
Anobii made waves at the Digital Book World conference in January when its CEO Matteo Berlucchi gave a presentation advocating publishers abandon digital rights management software because it helped prop up Amazon.
◇Impelsys Platform Allows Publishers to Set Ebook Due Dates, Encourages Sale of Ebooks to Libraries
（June 12, 2012 By Matt Enis The Digital Shift）
In a move geared partly toward making publishers more comfortable with selling ebooks directly to libraries, Impelsys announced last week that its iPublishCentral software now enables publishers to set expiration terms for patron downloads of their titles, institution by institution. iPublishCentral 4.0 will also enable patrons to access ebooks from iPads, laptops, and desktop computers offline, regardless of the form of online patron authentication that is set up by their library.
“The content protection feature in this new version of iPublishCentral provides additional opportunities for eBook publishers to monetize their content and build direct relationships with their customers,” Anil Gopinath, executive vice president of global engineering for Impelsys, explained in a release. “Publishers can offer offline reading of eBooks on iPads and define the duration of access to content based on their business relationships with various institutions and libraries.”
Impelsys founder and chief executive officer Sameer Shariff added that publishers view the library market as an important and growing segment for their businesses, but “many publishers have been challenged by the reality that library patrons are increasingly demanding access to ebooks on all of the major mobile devices,” he said in the release. “With iPublishCentral 4.0, publishers can more aggressively pursue this key market segment with the confidence that they’re able to deliver mobile content to library patrons whenever and wherever they want that access.”
Impelsys currently warehouses and distributes ebooks for leading publishers including McGraw-Hill, Sesame Street, Houghton Mifflin, Benchmark Education, Marshall Cavendish, MIT Press, Elsevier Science, F&W Media, Wolters Kluwer, Thieme Publishers, American Academy of Pediatrics, Lerner Education, and Hong Kong University Press.
◇Comment Period for Lightweight Content Protection for EPUB Extended Until June 29
（JUNE 11, 2012 International Digital Publishing Forum）
At the request of several members and other interested parties, the comment period on the draft of use cases and requirements for a potential lightweight content protection technology for EPUB published on May 18, 2012 has been extended until Friday, June 29. See the original notice for more details and background. As noted in the original announcement, comments are solicited on any additional high priority use cases and requirements not encompassed in this initial straw-man document, the overall desirability of a standardized solution in this area, and regarding the relative priority of a solution vs. other IDPF activities. Please direct comments to bmccoy "at" idpf.org. Comments received will be by default considered public; however, IDPF member organizations may request anonymity, or for feedback to remain limited to IDPF management and Board. IDPF leadership will also endeavor to take account of published comments (e.g. blog posts) on this topic.
◇Call for Participation: IDPF workshop on Advanced/Hybrid Fixed Layouts in EPUB (July 6 2012, Tokyo)
（JUNE 10, 2012 International Digital Publishing Forum）
A workshop on Advanced/Hybrid Fixed Layouts in EPUB will be held on July 6 2012 in Tokyo Japan and via Web / conference call (details TBD). All IDPF members are invited to participate (see RSVP information below for physical attendance). The primary goal of the workshop is to develop a statement of work, including an outline of a potential new Working Group charter, for EPUB support for a related set of use cases for advanced fixed-layout publications, primarily focused on multiple renditions (.epub files that contain multiple root files / package documents). Specific areas of concern include rendition selection, rendition mapping, and intra/inter-page navigation.
1. Overview of EPUB 3 Fixed-Layout Metadata and recap of discussions to date on rendition selection/mapping.
2. Demonstration and explanation of EPUB and related applications that support advanced fixed-layout functionality
o Shueisha (Open Manga Format)
o Barnes & Noble (fixed layout w/ reflow article view)
o Others TBD
3. Discussion of requirements and use cases for advanced fixed-layout functionality (rendition selection, rendition mapping, intra/inter-page navigation)
4. Elaboration of potential working group charter outline and determination of next steps (e.g. formation of Ad Hoc Group to complete a draft working group charter).
Date: 6 July Friday, 2012
Time: 10:00 ? 17:00 Tokyo time [UTC 01:00 - UTC 08:00]
Venue: Fujifilm meeting room at Mid Town, Roppongi
Workshop website (wiki): http://code.google.com/p/epub-revision/wiki/TokyoWorshopForAdvancedHybridFixedLayouts
Chair: Marcus Gylling (CTO, IDPF)
Co-Chair: Makoto Murata (Subgroup Coordinator, Global Language Support, EPUB 3.0 Working Group)
Organizer: Tatsuo Kobayashi (Board Director, IDPF)
Meeting Secretary: Setsuko Sato (JEPA)
To request to physically attend the workshop please email Ms. Sato (firstname.lastname@example.org ) by June 21 with your name and affiliation. If you intend to attend remotely (but not present a solution) there is no need to RSVP at this time. Web/conference details will be announced on Wiki when confirmed.
The room capacity is limited to 40 persons so we encourage organizations to consider limiting physical attendance to one person. Attendees should plan to contribute to the working meeting: this is not an informational/educational session.
On July 4 the IDPF will hold a half-day EPUB 3 conference during eBook Expo Tokyo: this seminar will include information on the recently standardized EPUB 3 Fixed Layout support ( http://idpf.org/epub/fxl ) and other topics. If you are primarily interested in learning more about EPUB 3 please attend the EPUB 3 seminar on July 4 rather than this working meeting on July 6. The conference program is available at: http://www.bookfair.jp/en/Conference/IDPF-Conference/ (English) http://www.bookfair.jp/ja/Conference/seminar-event/seminar-event03/ (Japanese).
Light lunch will be provided, sponsored by JEPA. Dress and meeting facilitation is casual. English is the primary language of IDPF working groups, but at this workshop there will be some Japanese-language presentations and/or Q&A. These will be translated to English for the convenience of all attendees.
◎NS-Raubgut in der Zentral- und Landesbibliothek Berlin http://raubgut.zlb.de/
◎Zentral- und Landesbibliothek Berlin (ZLB) sucht nach Eigentu"mern von geraubten Bu"chern und stellt Datenbank ins Netz (PDF) （Zentral- und Landesbibliothek Berlin 2012/6/7付けのプレスリリース） http://www.zlb.de/presse/pressemitteilungen/raubgut-datenbank_online.pdf
◎Landesbibliothek o"ffnet Datenbank zu NS-Raubgut （Berliner Morgenpost 2012/6/7付けの記事） http://www.morgenpost.de/newsticker/dpa_nt/regioline_nt/berlinbrandenburg_nt/article106433808/Landesbibliothek-oeffnet-Datenbank-zu-NS-Raubgut.html
◎Biblioteca de Berlin busca en la red propietarios de libros robados por nazis (La Informacion 2012/6/7付けの記事) http://noticias.lainformacion.com/arte-cultura-y-espectaculos/fotografia/biblioteca-de-berlin-busca-en-la-red-propietarios-de-libros-robados-por-nazis_RhnOAh4yvEn8xMDdw9NaS3/
◎Readers First Initiative http://readersfirst.org/
◎Top Libraries in U.S. and Canada Issue Statement Demanding Better Ebook Services （The Digital Shift 2012/6/5付けの記事） http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2012/06/ebooks/top-libraries-in-u-s-and-canada-issue-statement-demanding-better-ebook-services/
◇Publishers Must Embrace EPUB 3’s Accessibility Features
（June 8, 2012, By Matt Enis The Digital Shift）
The new EPUB 3 distribution and interchange format standard for digital publications will include a wealth of features that can be used to enhance ebook accessibility. But, publishers need to begin incorporating those features into production workflows during the digital publication process, rather than expecting other organizations to retrofit accessibility features, Matt Garrish, chief editor of the EPUB 3 specification and author of Accessible EPUB 3, said during the “Ebooks for Everyone: LIA Project, Accessible Publishing Guidelines, EpubCheck and More” session at BookExpo America held this week in New York City.
Garrish was joined by Cristina Mussinelli, director of the Italian Ministry of Culture’s Libri Italiani Accessibili (LIA) project.
“We have organizations for the blind and others who create content after the fact, that puts accessibility back into the books. It’s not something that really is a long-term solution. It’s not even something that can keep up, in any meaningful way, when you have the whole publishing industry creating content, and a small number of organizations trying after the fact to put these [features] in,” Garrish said.
Ebooks present a new opportunity for publishers to redesign their workflows in a way that integrates accessibility features into these publications.
In terms of accessibility, EPUB 3 has meshed the current EPUB 2 standard with DAISY (Digital Accessible Information System) standards, Garrish explained.
“All of the accessibility features that were in the DAISY standard are included and enhanced with EPUB 3. The structure is enhanced. We’ve got HTML 5 grammar, so we’ve got better semantics, more tagging sections.”
EPUB has also added a new “epub:type” attribute Garrish said. His website, includes a thorough explanation of how the new attribute works.
“To get [these features] into the workflow is the big key at this point. …The further down the chain it falls, the more work it’s going to take to redo your markup.”
In Italy, LIA is also urging publishers to incorporate accessibility features into ebooks and other electronic content. In conjunction with the Unione Italiana Ciechi (Italian Blind Union) and CNUDD (National Conference of University Representatives of Disabilities), LIA recently conducted a major quantitative study that included 1,505 telephone interviews with blind and visually impaired people aged 18 to 65 regarding their reading habits and technology. It found that visually impaired people actually read at a much higher rate than the general population. Almost 60 percent of respondents said that they read books either every day or multiple times each week, and almost all respondents read books at least occasionally.
In light of those results, publishers should also consider accessibility as “an important issue, not only from a social point of view, but important from a commercial point of view,” Mussinelli said, since this group reads at a higher than average rate.
“We know that publishers can do a lot, but they cannot do everything,” Mussinelli added later. “The other main thing is that it is important to raise awareness on the other part of the value chain, especially people working on the reading systems and devices…Every part of the value chain should be involved in accessibility.”
◇More Publishers Go DRM Free
（June 6, 2012 Digital Book World）
According to Publishers Lunch, some of the publishers distributed by Chicago-based e-book distributor IPG have decided to sell their books without digital rights management software.
IPG was in a three-month contractual dispute with e-bookseller Amazon which meant that the publishers that IPG distributed for were not being sold on the market-leading e-tailer’s website during that time. In the interim, some of them decided to begin selling their books without DRM because they thought that it would give them more leverage with their retailer partners and that readers would appreciate it, according to Publishers Lunch. Now that the dispute is over, buy buttons are back on Amazon.
In the past few months, more publishers have been opting to sell books DRM-free. Most recently, on Monday, Macmillan’s Tor imprint announced that it would begin selling all of its books DRM-free at a new Tor.com e-bookstore.
◎DNB - Linked Data Service（最下部にダウンロード先へのリンクあり） http://www.dnb.de/EN/Service/DigitaleDienste/LinkedData/linkeddata_node.html
◎Dokumentation des Linked Data Services der DNB https://wiki.d-nb.de/display/LDS/Dokumentation+des+Linked+Data+Services+der+DNB;jsessionid=71EC878BDB4DB9D1B7E6BFDB55CA9B44.prod-worker6
◎Gemeinsame Normdatei（GND） http://thedatahub.org/dataset/dnb-gemeinsame-normdatei
◎inked Data Service of the German National Library: Dumps are available（public-lod 2012/6/5付けメール） http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-lod/2012Jun/0028.html
◇Disney Reveals Statistics on Digital Content
（2012 JUN 05, By Michael Kozlowski Good E-Reader）
Disney had a presence at Book Expo America 2012 with a invite only media event where the company revealed some interesting statistics regarding its digital content. Currently the company publishes 700 million books and magazines each year in seventy five different languages. One of the most interesting aspects was its ebook sales; they have sold over 3 million ebooks worldwide, almost half of which outside of the USA.
Disney continues to be strongly focused on developing apps for the Apple iPad and currently has over 30 available. It has some new content brewing, expected to debut in the next few weeks. One is based on the upcoming movie “Brave,” which features video from the movie and tons of interactive content and media. The second one is based on the Disney Jr. franchise and will be aimed at very young kids.
During their presentation they continued to stress the synergy between their different departments when creating apps. They tend to take Pixar and Disney art assets to incorporate into the apps. This allows them to use video taken directly from movies that may not even be in theaters yet and give artists access to original character art. This drastically reduces the time needed to create high quality apps to a mere five months. They also mentioned that their teams aren’t really that large, but it does help to harvest audio and visual assets directly from the movies.
Disney plans on aggressively pairing movie content with their interactive apps. They plan on experimenting with releasing an app before the movie and then updating the app, once the movie hits the theaters. This will give you added features and content that are a continuation of the movie and gauge the success of the franchise based on app sales.
Finally, the Disney reps wrapped up their presentation by talking about the digital comics franchise. Surprisingly they were very light on talking about the success of Marvel and their digital comics. Instead, they said that aside from Marvel, more girls are reading than boys. They cited “The Incredibles and “Hey, Wheres Perry?” as examples.
◇Panelists Say Libraries are Perfect Ebook Partner for Publishers
（June 5, 2012 By Matt Enis digital shift）
Libraries are a key sales channel for booksellers, and could be very valuable customers to publishers that are willing to sell or license ebooks to them, agreed a group of panelists during the June 4 “Libraries and Ebooks” session at the International Digital Publishing Forum 2012 digital book conference, co-located with BookExpo America at New York’s Jacob K. Javits Center.
“The library market needs to be engaged,” LJ group publisher Ian Singer told an audience of publishing executives. “It has money to spend. It has patrons who are committed to using their library?both online and physically?to find more content.”
Singer was joined by George Coe, president of Baker & Taylor’s Library & Education division, and Erica Lazzaro, general counsel for Overdrive.
Even as demand for ebooks continues to grow, many major publishers have remained reluctant to work with libraries, fearing that making it easier for readers to borrow ebooks might also make it harder for publishing houses to sell them to consumers. This view is shortsighted for two reasons, panelists noted.
First, with 16,698 public buildings serving 169 million users, and expenditures of almost $1 billion last year on books alone, the importance of U.S. libraries as customers of the publishing industry can’t be overlooked, Singer said.
Second, library patrons are book buyers as well, and often use the library to learn about new authors or explore new genres. Citing data from LJ’s most recent Patron Profiles study, Singer noted that the average library patron buys nine books per year, that 36 percent of patrons already read across multiple print and electronic formats, and that 82 percent say they use the library to discover new authors. As such, libraries can be powerful marketing partners for publishers.
Patron Profiles also indicated that there is a major untapped market for ebooks in libraries, he continued. In 2011 public libraries carried an average of 4,000 ebooks, but 85 percent of ebook patrons polled said that they wanted more ebooks at their library.
Lazzaro followed Singer’s presentation by addressing what has emerged as a common misunderstanding among publishers?that libraries make ebooks and other electronic content available for free to anyone, anywhere.
“Libraries pay for this content,” she said. “Yes, it’s maybe free to the end-user, the patron. But the libraries are paying, eventually, the publishers for access to this material. So it’s not free, unfettered access…This is a viable channel.”
She went on to explain a variety of licensing and purchasing arrangements, such as the one title, one user ebook model that essentially mimics the way libraries check out print books. When one user has the ebook checked out, it is unavailable to other patrons until it is “returned” to the library.
“If the library buys multiple copies, then more than one patron can check it out at a time,” she said.
Coe later pointed out that this often results in a situation where the most popular titles end up with long waiting lists. So, patrons often end up exploring a publisher’s back catalog.
“They can’t get it, because it’s on hold, so they’re going to look for alternative materials,” he said. “That’s another way to promote your copies, retrospectively. While [patrons] are waiting for the most current bestseller, they can look at authors, they can look at genres that they normally don’t read, because, as we’ve all said, [library users] are power buyers.”
He added that some ebook distribution platforms, including B&T’s Axis 360, now also offer library patrons the option to buy an ebook, if he or she is unwilling to wait to borrow a specific title.
◇Kobo Launches Self-Publishing Service
（June 5, 2012 Digital Book World）
In an effort to compete with larger players like Barnes & Noble and Amazon, Kobo has launched its own self-publishing service.
Dubbed Writing Life, the service is much like others on offer. Laura Hazard Owen at paidContent.org has a good overview of the differences between Kobo’s new service and others.
◇The Two Rules of International E-Book Expansion
（June 5, 2012 By Jeremy Greenfield Digital Book World）
Go where the readers are and go where the e-books are.
Those are the two “secret” rules of international e-book expansion according to Kobo’s executive vice president of content, sales and merchandising, Michael Tamblyn, speaking at the Publishers Launch conference in New York.
Toronto-based Kobo has recently launched e-bookselling businesses in Germany (October 2011), France (November 2011) and the Netherlands (February 2012). In each of those markets, Kobo hired a local team focused on selling and marketing e-books, with marketing plans and promotions tailored to each country.
According to Tamblyn, the growth curves for e-books sales in each of those countries resemble that of the U.S. in 2009, but working with a smaller number of titles for sale ? tens of thousands versus hundreds of thousands. Nonetheless, growth is significant.
Through May of this year, Kobo sold 85% more books in Germany than in all of 2011, 95% more in the Netherlands and 329% more in France.
“These are markets that are starting to take off significantly,” said Tamblyn.
The difference in growth between France and the other two countries may have to do with attitudes toward English-language e-books.
In Germany, 27% of all e-books sold are in English; in the Netherlands, 52% of all e-books sold are in English; and in France, the number is only 6%.
In 2011, most of the content in the Kobo store was English. This year, there is a lot more local-language content, according to Kobo.
“I will be coming back next year and talking about Japanese publishers ? and probably more countries besides,” said Tamblyn. In 2011, Kobo was acquired by Japanese e-tailer Rakutan.
◇One Third of Publishers Now Making Double-Digit Digital Revenues, Survey Says
（June 5, 2012 Digital Book World）
Another survey in the books and more evidence that e-books are now big business for a significant chunk of publishers.
About one third of publishers are now getting at least 10% of their revenue from e-books, a 100% increase versus last year, according to a new survey.
The survey, conducted by Publishers Weekly and Aptara, also revealed that 80% of publishers now routinely produce e-books and 11% of publishers are e-book only.
This fourth edition of the survey was conducted in April.
◇Macmillan's Tor Imprint Launches DRM-Free E-Bookstore
（June 4, 2012 by Jeremy Greenfield Digital Book World）
Following its recent announcement that it will be selling its e-books without DRM starting this summer, Macmillan’s Tor/Forge science fiction and fantasy imprint has announced that it will be selling those e-books through its own store.
The store at Tor.com will sell DRM-free e-books “from all of the Tor imprints, and maybe a few other surprises,” according to Fritz Foy, senior vice president of strategic technology for Macmillan, speaking at the Publishers Launch conference in New York to a crowd of industry professionals.
When asked by Digital Book World if the new Tor.com store would sell books outside of Tor or Macmillan, Foy said “maybe.”
“DRM does not prevent piracy…does not allow for an optimal reading experience…doesn’t allow us to best serve our authors and our readers and did not create a healthy, competitive retail marketplace,” said Foy.
Foy brought along several associates to help explain the move, including Boing Boing co-editor Cory Doctorow.
DRM says that “by buying this book, you will read it only on a certain sort of screen or on a certain sort of platform,” said Doctorow. “And let’s remember that DRM cannot prevent piracy.”
But DRM reduces competition, he said, “DRM prevents competition, not copying.”
Science fiction writers may be for the move as well.
“Removing DRM makes our readers a lot happier,” said John Scalzi, president of Science Fiction Writers of America, an association for science fiction writers.
According to Scalzi, Tor has sent a note to its authors saying that the imprint will still be enforcing copyright, shifting it from technology to the legal department.
“It’s always delights a conference organizer when a speaker decides to make an announcement at the show,” said conference organizer Mike Shatzkin.
◇Penguin’s Global View of the E-Book Market: DRM, International
（June 4, 2012 Jeremy Greenfield Digital Book World）
“We’re in the first inning with e-books,” said Penguin global digital director Molly Barton at the Publishers Launch conference this morning in New York.
The leader of digital publishing at one of the world’s largest book publishers shared the company’s view on what’s currently happening in the e-book publishing space.
According to Barton, one of the most important functions of a publishing company is to protect its authors’ content from piracy. At the same time, Penguin wants to provide e-books that allow “for greater interoperability between platforms.”
Current DRM technology that is most commonly in use does not generally allow readers to easily transfer content between devices and between platforms. As more publishing companies start offering their e-books DRM-free and new technologies arise, this could be changing.
“Pottermore’s experience with watermarking was inspirational for us,” said Barton. “We’re looking at all kinds of alternatives.”
Watermarking is a technology that allows the free transfer of files but tracks the file to the original purchase to discourage piracy.
In the past few months, several publishers, including several imprints at Macmillan, one of the world’s largest publishers, have begun to offer some e-books DRM-free.
As the e-book markets in the U.S., UK and other large book markets mature, publishers have been looking to other markets to continue e-book sales growth.
In addition to selling English-language e-books in countries like Germany and Sweden, Penguin has made significant investments in ramping up e-books sales in countries like Brazil and China, according to Barton.
Penguin has also been translating its e-books into foreign languages like Korean and selling directly into those markets
The program is a “pilot” for the future, said Barton.
As consumers evolve the way they consume content, Penguin is experimenting with new content products and new methods of creating them.
The company is dabbling in facilitating author engagement with readers during the writing process, much like what Sourcebooks and other publishers are doing with agile content development, where reader feedback is measured and used in the content creation process.
Recently, Penguin resurrected its short-form publishing brand, which Barton said could be “an incredibly strategic and helpful for marketing longer works.”
Penguin may also experiment with “spreading out the experience of reading over weeks and months, like television,” said Barton.
◇IFLA participates in ‘Making Copyright Work for Libraries and Consumers’
（4 June 2012 IFLA）
A one day Copyright for Creativity workshop at the European Parliament Library, Brussels
On Wednesday 30th May IFLA, along with the European Bureau of Library Information and Documentation Associations (EBLIDA), Electronic Information For Libraries (eIFL), Informations Sans Frontieres (ISF), Copyright for Creativity (C4C), the European Consumers’ Organisation (BEUC), and Consumers International (CI) organised a one-day event at the European Parliament in Brussels. The event focused on the role of libraries in providing access to cultural works, and how copyright can be made more consumer-friendly in the digital age. In the audience were Members of the European Parliament, European Commission staff, and European librarians, consumer organizations, NGOs and trade associations.
The morning focused on libraries with a session titled “Index or footnote? How to ensure that libraries power the information society”. The Chair of IFLA’s FAIFE Committee and National Librarian of Finland Kai Ekholm gave a keynote presentation on the challenges of the new book economy for libraries, addressing such issues as eBook lending, monopolies in the publishing sector, and the need for new funding and market solutions to let libraries carry out their function in the digital age. With the scene set, representatives from IFLA, EBLIDA, ISF and the Danish Library Union then participated in a panel discussion aimed at explaining why libraries could be helped by updated copyright limitations and exceptions which can cope with today’s digital environment.
MEP Marietje Schaake
Following a presentation on international copyright frameworks by Lucie Guibault, senior researcher at the Institute for Information Law of the University of Amsterdam, and an introduction of the Draft Treaty Proposal that IFLA, EIFL and Innovarte have presented to Member States of the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), a final political debate on library exceptions took place featuring Maria Martin-Prat, the head of the Copyright unit at the European Commission, MEP Marietje Schaake, a key sponsor of the event and a digital rights champion in the EU Parliament, and Luciano Mazza de Andrade from the Permanent Mission of Brazil in Brussels. Brazil is active at WIPO in support of an international instrument on exceptions for libraries and archives, while the European Union, led by the European Commission, is more reluctant to engage in any exercise that could lead to a binding solution.
Throughout the morning panelists and audience members went back and forth on the issues and, due to the diverse nature of the participants, a variety of viewpoints were put forward ? many in support of copyright reform to benefit libraries but others which expressed satisfaction that current international copyright frameworks were flexible enough for the situation libraries face.
The afternoon session, titled ‘I Want it Now! Creators addressing consumers' needs in the digital age’ focused on the confusion that consumers feel when faced with complex, legalistic arguments for not doing things that have become part of online life ? such as recording TV shows for later viewing, backing-up purchased digital downloads, or quoting from a book in a school assignment. While these uses may be tolerated by rightsholders, their lawfulness varies from country to country. Consumer expectations and the law are now so unbalanced that the unfortunate result is frustration at copyright law in general.
What became clear throughout the afternoon’s debates was that both libraries and consumers are operating in very grey areas when it comes to the use of copyrighted materials. For example, one debate, on the proposition “There are uses of music in education that should never require payment’ featured representatives of collecting societies, musicians and composers. While music was the main subject, there was also time for panellists to discuss whether libraries should pay license fees to read aloud to children at storytime ? as happens in Belgium.
The overall conclusion of the day was that both the ways consumers use digital information, and the ways users want to access digital information through libraries, seem out of step with current copyright frameworks. It seems that the European Union is beginning to recognise this, but a significant amount of time in both the morning and afternoon sessions focused on just how slow the law moves compared to technology, and how difficult it is to get libraries’ and consumers’ voices heard when well-funded lobby groups are active across European political institutions to protect existing interests. Maria Martin-Prat stated in her opening remarks that in the past libraries have not been present in Brussels to add their voice to those of other lobbyists, but she admitted that the situation had changed in the recent past and libraries were now offering valuable opinions at a time when the Commission is considering important changes to legislation such as Directives on orphan works, public sector information and reform of collecting societies. The day’s frank debates made it clear that library and consumer groups have to stay present and engaged at national and international levels in order to persuade policymakers of the value of fit-for-purpose copyright frameworks that protect the public interest.
2012年5月31日、米国の書籍産業研究グループ（Book Industry Study Group：BISG）が、電子書籍リーダーやビューワーアプリなどのEPUB3のサポート状況を表にした“EPUB 3.0 Support Grid”（Excelファイル）を公開しました。同表は、出版社など様々な企業・団体の協力によって作成されており、今後も改訂を行っていくとされています。
◎EPUB 3.0 Support Grid（Excelファイル） http://www.bisg.org/docs/BISG_EPUB3PlatformGrid.xls
◎EPUB 3.0 Support Grid Now Available（BISG 2012/5/31付けニュース） http://www.bisg.org/news-1-764-bisg-bulletin-extraepub-30-support-grid-now-available.php
◎一番優秀なEPUB3電子書籍ビューワアプリはApple社「iBooks」、米BISGがEPUB3対応度比較シートを公開（hon.jp DayWatch 2012/6/1付け記事） http://hon.jp/news/1.0/0/3384/
◇National Federation of the Blind Partners with Groupon Grassroots
（Thursday, May 31, 2012 NFB）
Buy an NFB Groupon June 4-10 to Support Braille Literacy
Baltimore, Maryland (May 31, 2012): The National Federation of the Blind, the nation’s leading advocate for Braille literacy, and Groupon Grassroots, the philanthropic arm of Groupon, are teaming up to bring Braille into the lives of more blind children who need it.
The National Federation of the Blind campaign will be available on the Baltimore Groupon page beginning on June 4, and running through June 10. Groupon subscribers can pledge support for the National Federation of the Blind Braille Literacy initiative in increments of $10, with each $15 purchased providing one Braille Reading Pals packet to a blind child.
Braille Reading Pals is an early literacy program that fosters positive attitudes about Braille for children and their families and promotes a love of reading by encouraging parents to read daily with their blind or low-vision child. Participants receive a print/Braille book to read with their child and to encourage an independent exploration of Braille. Participants also receive a plush “Reading Pal” to accompany reading time and help young blind children develop fun and positive associations with reading Braille. Each $15 purchase will pay for a full set of Braille Reading Pals materials for a blind child and help set a blind child on the path to Braille literacy and future success.
Dr. Marc Maurer, President of the National Federation of the Blind, said: “We are pleased to be partnering with Groupon Grassroots to bring Braille literacy into the lives of more young blind children who desperately need it. There is a proven correlation between Braille literacy and employment, and yet only one out of ten blind children is being taught Braille in schools today. We would never accept such a low literacy rate among our sighted children, and our blind children should be no exception. The Braille Reading Pals program is an initiative to increase the number of blind children learning Braille by introducing a love of Braille and reading into a blind child’s life at an early age. Please help us to create a bright future for blind children by purchasing a Groupon that will go toward giving one blind child the tools needed to become a literate and successful person.”
You must be a Groupon subscriber to purchase a Groupon. If you are not currently a Groupon subscriber and would like to become one in order to purchase a National Federation of the Blind Groupon, you may visit Groupon’s subscription Web page.
◇Three of the Big Six Terminate Their Agreement with Apple
（2012 MAY 31 By Mercy Pilkington Good E-Reader）
The antitrust proceedings against Apple and five of the Big Six publishers are in various stages of resolution. Three of the publishers ? Simon&Schuster, Hachette, and HarperCollins ?have agreed to settle with the Department of Justice and the various lawsuits brought about by different state courts in the US, while Apple, Penguin, and Macmillan are still going through with a court proceeding.
Now, the three settling publishers, pending a wait period, will have only one week to terminate their agreement with Apple on how much their ebooks will cost. This termination could indicate that other ebook retailers like Amazon, Kobo, and Barnes and Noble will be free to discount ebooks from those publishers in order to offer customer incentives.
The publishers will have the option to alter and renew contracts with any retailer, meaning Amazon will have the ability to argue in favor of the wholesale model that they were originally operating under. When Apple allegedly approached the publishers about switching to an agency model in order to prevent Amazon from selling ebooks at what was often below cost in order to encourage the sale of Kindle readers, Amazon lost the option to sell ebooks at its previously advertised $9.99 price point.
The coming month is when the 60-day wait period on the settlement will expire, meaning hopefully as early as next week there could potentially be discussions between the retailers and the publishers about a reduced cost for ebooks. This could bode well for consumers looking for great summer reads, a benefit that is a long time coming considering the estimates from some critics put the total bill for consumers due to the alleged price fixing at somewhere close to $250 million.
（2012年05月31日 14時52分 更新 eBook USER 西尾泰三，ITmedia）
角川グループとKDDIが電子書籍事業の共同推進で合意。LISMO Book Storeで角川作品の販売がスタートするほか、両ストアのID連携による共有本棚も提供予定だ。
まずは6月1日からKDDIが提供する電子書籍配信サービス「LISMO Book Store」で、角川GHD傘下各社が保有する約5000タイトルの電子書籍を順次販売開始するほか、6月末をめどにBOOK☆WALKERの決済方法に「auかんたん決済」が追加される予定。現時点でauかんたん決済に対応している電子書籍ストアにはBookLive!やGALAPAGOS STOREなどがあるが、今回の取り組みではauスマートパスの会員向けにクーポンやWebMoneyでのキャッシュバックなどの特典を用意し、差別化を図る考え。
さらに、今年度中にLISMO Book StoreとBOOK☆WALKERのID連携による共有本棚を提供予定としている。正確には、LISMO Book Storeで購入した角川グループ作品は、（ID連携を承諾していれば）BOOK☆WALKERでも購入済み扱いになるというもののようだ。なお、角川GHDは同様の取り組みをニコニコ静画（電子書籍）とすでに行っている。
◇Nigerian Librarians Argue for Paperback over E-Books
（May 29, 2012 Digital Book World）
In stark contrast to U.S. librarians who have generally been supportive of efforts to provide access to e-books for library patrons, librarians in Nigeria are making arguments against mass adoption of e-books.
According to Victoria Okojie in AllAfrica.com, registrar of the Librarians Registration Council of Nigeria, “In developed countries like the US and Britain their libraries are well established. It is because in Nigeria we do not have current books on our shelves but e-books should only play a complimentary role.”
The argument is that if e-books take off in Nigeria, the library itself ? by its nature a bricks-and-mortar establishment ? will die in the country.
◇Australian Macmillan Imprint to Go DRM-Free
（May 29, 2012 Digital Book World）
Another domino in the DRM-world has fallen. Another Macmillan imprint, the digital-only Pan Macmillan out of Australia, has announced that by early August, all of its titles will be DRM-free.
The move follows multiple calls for dropping DRM by publishing observers and a few publishers following through, including Macmillan’s Tor imprint.
Related: IDPF Calls for Comment on New, ‘Light’ DRM for EPUB | Why We Should Stop Calling It ‘DRM’ (And Maybe Abandon It Altogether) | One More Reason Publishers Are Considering Dropping DRM | Bookseller Backed by Big Publishers Advocates Dropping Digital Rights Management
◇Baker & Taylor社、視覚障害者の利用にも対応した電子書籍プラットフォーム“Axis 360”の新バージョンを発表
2012年5月22日、米国のBaker & Taylor社が、デジタルコレクション用プラットフォーム“Axis 360”の新バージョンを発表しました。今回のバージョンでは、全米視覚障害者団体（National Federation of the Blind：NFB）の協力を得て、音声読み上げに対応するなど視覚障害者による電子書籍の利用も可能になっているようです。
◎Axis 360 http://www.baker-taylor.com/axis360/
◎New Release of Axis 360 Provides Accessibility Solutions for the Blind（Baker & Taylor 2012/5/22付けニュース） http://www.baker-taylor.com/viewnews.cfm?press_id=313&typ=c
例えば既読ページの同期。Kindleに対応した2つのデバイス、例えばKindle TouchとiPhone（Kindle for iPhone）があったとして、Kindle Touchで読みかけだった電子書籍をKindle for iPhoneで開いたとする。すると「読み終えた最後のページに同期」というダイアログが表示され、別のデバイス（つまりKindle Touch）で最後に読んだページに移動するかを尋ねられる。ここで「はい」を選択すれば続きのページから、「いいえ」を選択すればKindle for iPhoneで開いたページから、読書を続けることができる。ページを開き直す手間がかからないのはもちろん、小説などで既読ページを探そうと手動でめくっていて先のページをうっかりめくり、ネタバレを目にするミスも防げるわけだ。
◇National Federation of the Blind and Blind Student File Suit Against Maricopa Community College District
（Tuesday, May 22, 2012 National Federation of the Blind）
Complaint Alleges Mesa Community College Student Experienced Discrimination
Phoenix, Arizona (May 22, 2012): The National Federation of the Blind, the nation’s leading advocate for the equal education of blind students, and Sebastian Ibanez, a blind student who recently graduated from Mesa Community College, have filed suit (Case No.: CV 12-907-PHX-NVW) against the college and the Maricopa Community College District, alleging discrimination against Mr. Ibanez and other blind students. The complaint alleges that Mr. Ibanez, as a blind student, could not register for his classes, complete online courses and assignments, access student services, or actively participate in his classes because of inaccessible technology purchased or deployed by the Maricopa Community College District and Mesa Community College. Among other things, college and third-party Web sites and software applications used for coursework and student services do not work with text-to-speech screen reading software, and “clickers” that are used to respond to questions in class cannot be operated independently by blind students. Most egregious of all, Mr. Ibanez was deliberately excluded from a class solely on the basis of his blindness. He attended the class but was told by the instructor that she did not feel comfortable teaching a blind student, and was subsequently electronically “dropped” from the class without his knowledge or consent.
Dr. Marc Maurer, President of the National Federation of the Blind, said: “Despite clear mandates for the equal education of students with disabilities contained in the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Rehabilitation Act, we continue to find that higher education institutions are not accommodating their blind students as required by federal law. As in too many other cases, this instance involves the needless and unlawful purchase and deployment of inaccessible technology. Worse yet, the case demonstrates again the deliberate disregard by some college faculty and staff for the rights of blind students. The National Federation of the Blind is once again forced to devote considerable time and resources to rectifying this discrimination. We will continue to do so until the day when battles like this one are no longer necessary. We cannot and will not tolerate unlawful discrimination against blind students, and we insist that they receive an education equal to that received by their sighted peers.”
The plaintiffs are represented in this matter by Joseph B. Espo of the Baltimore firm Brown, Goldstein, & Levy, LLP, and J.J. Rico of the Arizona Center for Disability Law.
米国の大手電子書籍ベンダOverDrive社が2012年4月に存在を明らかにした利用分析レポートが、ニュースサイト“INFOdocket”によって公開されています。“Library Media Network eBook Report: Summary of Select Traffic and User Behavior Statistics”と題された8ページのレポートで、2012年3月の利用ログを分析したものです。
◎Overdrive Library Media Network eBook Report (Big Data 1) http://www.scribd.com/doc/94302507/Overdrive-Library-Media-Network-eBook-Report-Big-Data-1
◎Full Text: OverDrive’s Library Media Network eBook Report (Big Data #1)（INFOdocket 2012/5/21付け記事） http://www.infodocket.com/2012/05/21/full-text-overdrives-library-media-network-ebook-report-big-data-1/
◇Some Hope for Library Digital Lending
（2012 MAY 21, By Mercy Pilkington Good E-Reader）
One of the most frustrating aspects of digital publishing is the current sad state of affairs in ebook lending. At a time when libraries are already struggling to survive within the confines of dwindling budgets and patron apathy, the Big Six publishers haven’t been very supportive of library lending, at least in their actions if not their sentiments.
All this time, Random House is the only Big Six publisher who makes its bestselling titles available to libraries without restrictions?such as HarperCollins’ 26-checkout-limit?but even that company came under fire last year for artificially raising the price on ebooks for libraries by nearly 300 percent.
Now, Hachette Group is experimenting with a limited population of libraries and patrons being allowed to have lending access to its titles, although it hasn’t disclosed where and which libraries.
“These pilot programs will help us learn more about library patrons’ interests, usage, and expectations,” Hachette said in a statement that was published on paidContent.org. “This information will help HBG devise the best strategy to reach the widest audience of e-book readers in libraries. We’ll have more to say once we have looked at the data from the pilots.”
ALA president Molly Raphael and several board members held a series of meetings with publishers at the beginning of this year, but this is the first great news for library lending to come about. Last week, Raphael met with several executives from Hachette Group, so hopefully this signifies that the talks are helping publishers overcome their fears of piracy and stagnant book sales in order to move forward on a larger scale.
◇EPUB 3 Samples: Now Showing - All EPUB 3 Features
（MAY 21, 2012 International Digital Publishing Forum）
The EPUB 3 samples project (http://code.google.com/p/epub-samples) has continued to progress, and now includes over two dozen sample files which collectively touch on every major feature of EPUB 3 as well as the recently approved EPUB 3 Fixed Layout Metadata specification. These samples are licensed under a Creative Commons "Share Alike" license. Additional samples are still needed to broaden and deepen coverage; for information on contributing see http://code.google.com/p/epub-samples/wiki/Contributing.
◇US eBooks Reach Critical Mass Overseas in 2011
（MAY 18, By Michael Kozlowski Good E-Reader）
The US Digital Publishing industry is enjoying a tremendous success in their eBook export business. In 2011 the overall business has seen international expansion into many foreign markets and are reaping the rewards.
In Europe eBook sales dramatically increased by 219% and garnered around $5.8 million dollars in revenue. Exports to the UK were the big story in 2011 with a massive gain of over 1,316.8% which equates to around $7.1 million dollars in sales. Meanwhile African market has grown by over 21.9%, reaching a zenith of 3.8 million, and increased by 15.4% to Latin America, where overall revenue was $16.7 million. In total, the US trade publishers net sales revenue increased 7.2% between 2010-11 to $357.4 million dollars. eBooks as a proportion of total sales increased from 1.5% to 6%.
According to the Association of American Publishers the main facets for international growth was international sales, marketing and distribution. US publishers saw sales of trade titles increase to countries across the globe from the year 2010-11, due to internet access to a full range of English language titles, particularly those unavailable in many markets, the rise of e-books internationally and new readers.
The main countries of growth for US digital publishing exports was UK, Germany, Spain and France. Amazon and Kobo have been pushing hard into these countries offering localized versions of their online stores. They also have been cultivating relationships with local publishing companies to put an emphasis on homegrown talent. It seems that many countries cannot get enough of their English language talent spearheaded by the likes of James Patterson, Charlaine Harris, Walter Issac and Suzanne Collins.
◇Foreign E-Book Sales Increase 333% For U.S. Publishers
（May 18, 2012 By Jeremy Greenfield, Editorial Director, Digital Book World）
Foreign e-book sales for U.S. publishers turned a corner in 2011, according to a new report.
Sales of e-books by U.S. publishers to readers in other countries increased to $21.5 million in 2011 from $4.9 million in 2010, a 333% increase, according to a report released today from the Association of American Publishers. At the same time, print sales by U.S. publishers for foreign readers increased by 2.3% to $335.9 million. While growing significantly faster than print, e-book sales only accounted for 6% of overall sales.
“We’re all very excited about international e-book growth,” said Seth Russo, vice president, director of international sales at Simon & Schuster. “There are far more English speakers around than have access to print books.”
According to the report, U.S. publishers work with “nearly 15,000 international retailers in 200 countries” and export roughly 90% of their titles to the 750 million people outside the U.S. who can read English.
According to Russo, this profusion of retailers along with the expansion of leading U.S. e-booksellers into international markets has helped drive sales growth.
“We’ve had new channels and new business partners open up over the last year,” he said. “We’re working with Amazon, Kobo and Apple” as well as local and regional players like “OLF in Switzerland and Txtr in Berlin. The international market isn’t necessarily going to be dominated by multi-nationals. Other, smaller regional players will be able to carve out their own niche in the e-book market.”
Still, the retailers that helped drive strong e-book sales growth internationally are largely the same ones who do most of the business in the U.S. ? Amazon and Apple. Amazon launched its store in Germany last summer and recently launched stores in other large markets across Europe. Barnes & Noble recently opened Nook offices in the UK and Berlin and has signaled its intention to expand internationally. Kobo, according to Russo, is still a small player internationally but has a larger market share outside of the U.S. than within it.
According to Russo, the international market has yet to sort itself out and “the established players are still emerging.”
E-book sales in the U.S. continue to grow, but at a slower pace, according to the most recent numbers from the AAP. E-book revenue in February in the U.S. was $122.5 million, a 25.9% increase over February 2011. While on a slower growth curve, U.S. e-book sales are set to hit $1.5 billion in 2012.
◇Request for Comments: Use Cases & Requirements for Lightweight Content Protection for EPUB
（MAY 17, 2012 International Digital Publishing Forum）
The IDPF on May 18, 2012 published a draft of use cases and requirements for lightweight content protection technology for EPUB, available at: http://idpf.org/epub-content-protection. Comments from members and other interested parties are requested by Friday, June 8. Comments are particularly solicited regarding the priority of this activity versus other potential IDPF-mediated projects. Also requested are comments on any additional high priority use cases and requirements not encompassed in this initial straw-man document, and regarding the overall desirability of a solution embodying the proposed requirements, or any standardized solution in this area.
The document describes requirements for a potential content protection scheme for EPUB. It outlines what would be a “lightweight” scheme, occupying a middle ground between strong DRM and DRM-free. This would enable sharing with or without watermarking, but, unlike watermarking alone, cracks would be considered definitively illegal. As well, the proposed scheme incorporates configurable passwords (including the option of no password at all); it could be used to discourage “over-sharing” by requiring passwords that contain personal information, such as an email address or credit card number. The use of encryption would also enable limits on modification, copying, and printing of content in a manner similar to the encryption technology incorporated in PDF. It would also support lending models via usage durations. Other aspects that would make the scheme “lightweight” include not requiring network connectivity (i.e. no “phoning home”) and trading off less stringent security for lower implementation cost and complexity.
While public discussion of the “straw man” requirements document is anticipated and welcome, it should be noted that it does not represent any commitment by the IDPF to establish a solution. Through this discovery process, it may become clear that no feasible standardized solution would be sufficiently useful or accepted, or that no solution is forthcoming that will sufficiently address critical requirements.
The requirements document was prepared for the IDPF by Bill Rosenblatt of GiantSteps Media Technology Strategies, a recognized expert consultant in digital rights technologies. It is meant as a response to requests from some members and other industry stakeholders that IDPF consider standardizing a DRM solution for EPUB.
The IDPF anticipates revising this document, taking into account comments received, and, should the IDPF membership and industry at-large support it,, issuing a Request For Proposal (RFP) for potential solutions. Should proposals be solicited, the IDPF will evaluate them based on a variety of criteria that will be detailed in the RFP.
The IDPF takes no official position on the level of content protection measures that are appropriate, considering this as a situational determination between rights holders, distribution partners and end users. The proposed use cases and requirements describe a “lightweight” encryption approach, but this is primarily based on the judgment of IDPF and its consultant that this approach, should it be supported by the membership, would be by far the most likely to gain meaningful adoption within the desired timeframe. We recognize that some publishers may under some circumstances require content control technology that is more stringently protective than is feasible for a lightweight approach. First, the lightweight approach is designed to be extended in various ways to be more stringent. Second, EPUB will remain open to multiple forms of DRM technology, and any standard form of content protection will be complemented by the multiplicity of more full-featured commercial DRM solutions already in the market. As EPUB has an extensible encryption framework, these DRM solutions will remain valid for use with EPUB.
Please send any comments to IDPF via email to bmccoy at idpf.org. Comments received will be by default considered public; however, IDPF member organizations may request anonymity, or for feedback to remain limited to IDPF management and Board.
学術出版大手のElsevier社が、カナダのブリティッシュコロンビア大学（UBC）の研究者に対して、同社の電子ジャーナルをテキストマイニングすることを許可したそうです。この契約の交渉は、Elsevier社のAlicia Wise氏が、同大学のポスドクであるHeather A. Piwowar氏が発したツイートを見かけて返信したところから始まったそうです。Piwowar氏のブログ“Research Remix”ではその様子が詳しく紹介されています。2012年4月17日付けの記事では、今回の契約が画期的である理由として、契約の内容が公になっていること、テキストマイニングを様々な用途に使うことが認められていること（通常はテキストマイニングが全く認められていないとあります）、同大学は追加料金を支払う必要がないこと、等が挙げられています。
◎Elsevier agrees UBC researchers can text-mine for citizen science, research tools（Research Remix 2012/4/17付け記事） http://researchremix.wordpress.com/2012/04/17/elsevier-agrees/
◎Elsevier responds to my text mining request（Research Remix 2012/4/13付け記事） http://researchremix.wordpress.com/2012/04/13/elsevier-response/
◎talking text mining with Elsevier（Research Remix 2012/3/5付け記事） http://researchremix.wordpress.com/2012/03/05/talking-text-mining-with-elsevier/
◎Elsevier to Allow Text Mining Access to UBC Researchers（Library Journal 2012/5/9付け記事） http://lj.libraryjournal.com/2012/05/academic-libraries/elsevier-to-allow-text-mining-access-to-ubc-researchers/
◎Elsevier Experiments With Allowing 'Text Mining' of Its Journals（The Chronicle of Higher Education 2012/5/6付け記事） http://chronicle.com/article/Hot-Type-Elsevier-Experiments/131789/
◎Elsevier ‘text mining’ agreement with UBC researcher（UBC Library 2012/5/7付け記事） http://about.library.ubc.ca/2012/05/07/ubc-library-text-mining-research-in-chronicle-of-higher-education/
◇米IDPF、7月4日に東京ビックサイトで「IDPF TOKYO CONFERENCE」を開催、講談社・楽天社長なども講演
（2012-05-16 11:06:46 hon.jp DayWatch）
米国の電子書籍標準化団体の1つであるInternational Digital Publishing Forum（本部：米国ワシントン州）は7月4日、東京都・東京ビックサイトで行なわれる「東京国際ブックフェア」の電子書籍関連イベントとして「IDPF TOKYO CONFERENCE」を開催する。
IDPF TOKYO CONFERENCEは米IDPF主催イベントとしてはアジア初となるもので、Bill McCoy氏やLiza Daly氏などIDPF関係者や、講談社・野間省伸社長、楽天・三木谷浩史社長、丸善CHIホールディングス社長・小城武彦氏も登壇する予定。
◎IDPFイベントの出席登録ページ（ http://www.ebooks-expo.jp/semiapp/conf/ ）
◇Booksellers v. Libraries? Publishers v. Amazon? This is the wrong fight
（May 15, 2012 by Chris Rechtsteiner, Digital Book World）
Four months ago (a long while back in Internet time), I wrote a piece noting how, in our research, we’ve identified libraries as representing the biggest short-term threat to Amazon’s (and others) ebook sales.
As you would expect, this was met with many questions and quite a bit of disbelief.
Why? The reason is obvious. If you’ve been following the book industry statistics closely, you’ll quickly see a strong belief in the exact opposite. Research from both Bowker PubTrack Consumer and Pew Research illustrates that library patrons are more likely to buy ebooks than non-library patrons.
Even further, just last week, The Bookseller had a piece focused on the fact that booksellers are seeing libraries as being “disruptive” to their operation.
Quoting from Waterstones’ managing director James Daunt,
Libraries who will soon start loaning e-books to users will be a disruptive force,” Daunt said. “If you can download a book for free and read it, why would you want to own it?
To add a bit more fuel to the fire, The Observer had a piece on May 14th illustrating why Writers won’t lose out if libraries lend ebooks.
You’re probably thinking, “Hmm, this is all very confusing.”
Are libraries good or bad for booksellers? Maybe.
Are libraries good or bad for authors? Could be.
This is enough to give you whiplash … and it’s all missing a major shift that has occurred (in earnest) in the last four months:
Four months ago, the real competition for booksellers WAS libraries.
Today, the competition is much more severe ? it’s across the entire ecosystem.
Today the real competition for booksellers, publishers and libraries is NOT READING.
Four months ago, it mattered if libraries were or weren’t a direct threat to booksellers. Today, this question is irrelevant. What matters is that the participants in the industry aren’t innovating at the pace readers are seeking and expecting solutions v. reading’s alternatives.
When looking specifically at traditional publishers and booksellers, two questions arise:
Could it just be that traditional booksellers and publishers aren’t innovating quickly enough to meet the needs of today’s authors and readers? (Absolutely)
Could it be that traditional booksellers and publishers are being out innovated by, of all parties, cash and funding-strapped libraries? (Absolutely)
Libraries have, for a very long time, been battling competition from not reading. They’re experts in this area ? which is why they made such consistent inroads as an early competitor to booksellers and a thorn-in-the-side of publishers.
The not reading competition is now beyond libraries, however. It is forcing libraries, booksellers and ultimately authors to move, quickly, to remain a relevant and highly valuable resource for readers. Powell’s and Harvard Book Store, to name two, aren’t standing still. They’re adopting new models, experimenting with new technologies and generally innovating across the board. Libraries across the country are innovating as quickly as they can with ebook lending, ereader lending and myriad other programs. Authors are creating all types of new works to experiment with gaining readers and improving reader engagement.
It can be done ? but booksellers, libraries and authors need even more help.
Here’s where the publishers come in.
Publishers (both old and new) must step up and provide the platforms (and rights management frameworks) for innovation needed by booksellers (all types of booksellers) and authors to push reading forward. If they don’t, publishers will fall by the wayside as true innovation will be limited to a few (one?) large players investing on their own behalf’s (see Amazon, Barnes & Noble + Microsoft) while authors take their storytelling to completely new platforms that are altogether outside of the bookselling and library frameworks.
The battle isn’t booksellers v. libraries. The battle isn’t publishers v. Amazon.
The reason this piece was written four months ago is because, four months ago, the competition for Amazon and booksellers WAS libraries. Today, the battle is reading v. not reading as a plethora of free and low-cost alternatives including TV, games, movies, videos, Twitter, Facebook are always at the ready.
Everyone in the ecosystem needs to step up to the plate and prepare to take back reading or an industry will be lost for everyone.
米国カンザス州のトペカ・ショーニー郡図書館が“ebooks for libraries”というオンライン署名サイトを開設し、署名を呼びかけています。その目的は、出版社が図書館向けの電子書籍を十分に提供しない現状を改善し、利用者に対してあらゆるフォーマットで資料を提供できるような図書館を作ることにあるようです。署名の数が10,000を超えたら出版社に対して署名を（紙で）送るということです。現在、約6,000人からの署名が集まっています。
◎ebooks for libraries http://ebooksforlibraries.com/
◎Sign the Petition at ebooksforlibraries.com!（David Lee King氏のブログ 2012/5/1付け記事） http://www.davidleeking.com/2012/05/01/sign-the-petition-at-ebooksforlibraries-com/
◇UK Writers Want to Be Paid for Each Library E-Book Loan
（May 15, 2012 Digital Book World）
Under UK law, authors are paid a small royalty up to a certain annual amount any time someone checks out one of their print-books from a library. UK authors are now calling on the government to extend the practice to e-books (Pay us for library ebook loans, say authors):
Authors are calling on the government to remunerate them when their ebooks are lent from libraries, calling it “patently unjust” that digital titles are currently borrowed with no payment made to the writer.
Authors are paid 6.05p every time their physical books are borrowed from the UK’s public libraries, up to a maximum of £6,600, under the government-funded Public Lending Right scheme. But ebooks and audiobooks, a growing sector for library users, are not currently included in the scheme, even though the Digital Economy Act of 2010 paved the way for this to be done.
（2012年05月14日 13時48分 更新 eBook USER Michael Kozlowski，Good e-Reader Blog）
この電子書籍ビューワアプリ「Nokia Reading」は同社のスマートフォンであるLumiaシリーズで利用でき、書籍はOverdriveが供給する。Penguin、Pearson、Hachetteなど、大手出版社がNokiaと契約しており、何千冊もの無料書籍と大量の有料書籍がダウンロード可能だ。例えば、『The Girl With The Dragon Tatto』『One Day』『The Adventures Of Sherlock Holmes』といった人気書籍が入手可能だ。
◇Russian E-Book Market Doubles in 2011 to $4.4 Million
（May 10, 2012 Digital Book World）
On a very small base, the Russian e-book market saw huge growth in 2011, according to a new study (E-Book Market in Russia Doubles in 2011):
Legal sales of e-books in Russia increased almost 2.3 times in 2011, marking a third year of explosive growth, though remaining modest in absolute terms, the Federal Press and Mass Media Agency said on Thursday.
Sales of digital books stood at 135 million rubles ($4.4 million) in 2011, compared to 60 million rubles in 2010 and 11 million rubles in 2008, the first year for which statistics are available, the agency said in an annual report on the book industry in Russia.
◇The New York Times、新聞は死んでいないことを証明
（2012年05月09日 10時40分 更新 eBook USER）
「ここ数年、音楽業界の終焉、新聞業界の終焉など、『終焉』が満ち満ちていました」とData Conversion LaboratoryのCEO、マーク・グロス氏はGoodEReaderとのインタビューに答えて説明する。「新聞は過去数年、終焉を迎えつつあります。しかし、ここ2年で人々はよりポジティブな展望を抱くようになりました。現在、われわれは電子データをいかにビジネスにつなげるかに集中しており、電子データのマネタイズというアイデアが実際に開花しつつあります」。
「The New York Timesは四半期の業績を公開し、実際に利益を出しています。これは最近では人間が犬に噛みつくような類の話です。The New York Timesはオンライン購読を販売開始し、それが急に売れるようになりました」。
「Christian Science Monitorは売り上げの増加を公表しています」とグロス氏は続ける。「同紙は数年前に印刷版の発行を停止してからトラフィックの増加を見ています」。
不幸なことに、電子版の隆盛の陰で購読料だけでは賄い切れない編集および制作コストを補うために定期刊行物が収益の柱としている広告収入は下がっている。例えば、The New York Timesは過去1年の印刷版の売り上げが7.2％下がった。
◇Why We Should Stop Calling it DRM (and Maybe Abandon It Altogether)
（May 8, 2012 by Andrew Rhomberg Digital Book World）
Every book that is under copyright comes with a form of Digital Rights Management as in author, agent, publishers, distributors, retailers having contracts in place between themselves to manage the digital rights to an e-book (contracts, not technology being the tool) and copyright law manages the digital rights framework overall.
Adobe e-book DRM and similar schemes are a form of Restrictive Access Technology (RAT) in that they restrict end-users from how they can use the e-book they “bought” (technically speaking licensed).
Watermarking or fingerprinting does not restrict access in any way, which is a huge advantage to the reader (a.k.a. buyer/consumer/end-user). Digital fingerprinting is a technology for making usage trackable and hence TRAC is maybe a more descriptive acronym than social DRM.
◎Moving Away From DRM
However, both of these technologies impose cost on the distribution network. They are not entirely free (even though the cost may be obscured). The lowest cost option is no RAT or TRAC technology at all. That’s how printed books are distributed. Paper currency does come with watermarks and fingerprints, in the form of serial numbers, to prevent copies being made, but printed books do not. Printed books are like coins. No watermarks, no serial numbers. It’s too expensive relative to nominal value. There is no reason e-books could not be distributed without RAT or TRAC technology (see O’Reilly Media and others).
I think the true reason we have RAT and TRAC is not economic, but emotional. We tend to think of 10,000 copies pirated by folks who would not never have bought the book, not as spurious or irrelevant data (as we should) but as books people have stolen. It is entirely natural to think that way for we are humans and humans are predictably irrational (see the great book of the same title by Dan Ariely). Both authors and society at large are sometimes more interested in seeing their ideas spread. It might be irrational to think as it is “stealing” when people read something, they would never have paid for or could have paid for, and this may be taking us down the wrong path.
Libreka, eLib, Publizon and others have done great work and moved things forward by using TRAC technology, but TRAC technology does impose a cost on either publishers or distributors (even though that cost is sometimes cleverly disguised or not recognized). Only once we move beyond the emotional barriers, can we have “naked” ePubs (or HTML5 files), unless of course we don’t believe in readers being honest people and we instead believe that anybody will “steal” if they think nobody is watching or “tracking” them. I for one believe that most people are genuinely honest most of the time (though the see Dan Ariely’s book for reminding people about honesty) but even honest people will take shortcuts if the legal and honest path is too difficult.
It is worth remembering that in the absence of any RAT or TRAC technology, copyright law is still the law of the land. Living in a democracy, we should not take that for granted either: witness the rise of the “pirate party” in Germany. A democratic majority could decide to abolish copyright, if it thinks that “copyleft” for example would be more benefitial for society.
◇Google Play eBooks Now Available in ItalyGood E-Reader
（2012 MAY 08, By Michael Kozlowski Good E-Reader）
Google Play eBooks has opened their second European bookstore today in Italy. Google has ironed out agreements with a number of Italian publishers to get a fair number of localized books available with the launch. All of the books will be available on the Google Play platform and you can download the official Google Play Books App that is optimized towards an Italian audience.
Google eBooks was a USA exclusive until midway through last year. It then expanded into Canada, Australia, and the UK. The great thing about their platform is that it is not limited to a single device or tablet. The Google Play Books app is available on PC, Android, iOS and many other operating systems.