Inclusive Education / Special Education

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What is Inclusive / Special Education?

Inclusive Education (UNESCO)

Inclusive education is based on the right of all learners to a quality education that meets basic learning needs and enriches lives. Focusing particularly on vulnerable and marginalized groups, it seeks to develop the full potential of every individual.
The ultimate goal of inclusive quality education is to end all forms of discrimination and foster social cohesion.

Inclusive Education (University of Northern Iowa)

Special education (Wikipedia)

Special education is the education of students with special needs in a way that addresses the students' individual differences and needs. Ideally, this process involves the individually planned and systematically monitored arrangement of teaching procedures, adapted equipment and materials, accessible settings, and other interventions designed to help learners with special needs achieve a higher level of personal self-sufficiency and success in school and community than would be available if the student were only given access to a typical classroom education.

Jerry's Special Education Blog (Jerry Webster)

Inclusive / Special education in Japan on English

Selected Models of Special Education in Japan (PDF)


Internet Special Education Resources


?EISHINAKA Kazuyuki March 31, 2012 "Consideration of Problems Regarding the Compulsory System of Schools for Disabled Children in Japan: Focus on the Controversy Following Enforcement of the Government’s Ordinance on Schools for Disabled Children at the Elementary and Middle School Levels in 1979"
Core Ethics 8:305-315 [PDF]

UP:February 8, 2010 REV:June 4, 2012
Preparer: NOZAKI Yasunobu