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Identity of Disability Studies: From the History of Disabled People's Movements in Japan

HORI Tomohisa March 20, 2014 Seikatsu Shoin, 224p.

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HORI Tomohisa March 20, 2014 Identity of Disability Studies: From the History of Disabled People's Movements in Japan,Seikatsu Shoin,224p. ISBN-10:4865000208 ISBN-13:978-4865000207 3000yen+tax [amazon][kinokuniya] ※

■Contents

(From the Website of Seikatsu Shoin)
In this book the author deals with Disability Studies as a "theory of freedom" which regards the viewpoint of anti-eugenic thoughts as a key concept and is rooted in Disabled People Liberation Movement in Japan. The author overcomes the viewpoint the Social Model of Disability presents critically and offers a new avenue for forming a new theory of Disability Studies.

■Table of Contents

Foreword

Introductory Chapter Challenge of This Research
1 Purpose of This Research
2 Historical Overview of Disabled People's Movements
2.1 Prewar Education Protection Plan and Postwar Embodiment
2.2 Toward a Movement Viewed from Disabled Children/Persons
3 Subject of This Research
4 Sketch of This Research

Chapter 1 Disability Studies as the Viewpoint of Anti-eugenic Thoughts
1 Introduction
2 Professionals' Criticisms in Disabled People Liberation Movement
2.1 From Parsons to Freidson
2.2 Parsons as an Imaginary Enemy
3 Criticisms against Parents in Disabled People Liberation Movement
3.1 Modern Family Theory and Labeling Theory
3.2 Possibility of Solidarity with "Inner Eugenic Thoughts"
4 Conclusion

Part 1 Prewar Education Protection Plan and Postwar Embodiment: From Wartime Period to High Economic Growth Period

Chapter 2 Education Protection Reform by Educational Psychologists and Practitioners: Education for the Mentally Disabled during Wartime and Postwar Occupation Periods
1 Introduction
1.1 Research Objectives
1.2 Research Methodology
2 Mentally Disabled Children who Were Neglected
3 Wartime Education Protection Reform Movement and Attention toward Social Ability of Mentally Disabled Children
3.1 Development of Education Protection Reform Movements
3.2 Formation of Social Ability/Intellectual Development
4 Education Reform during Postwar Occupation Period and Development of Life-principled Education
4.1 Succession of Prewar Education Reform Plan
4.2 Succession and Development of Life-principled Education
5 Conclusion

Chapter 3 Movements by Parents of Children with Severe Motor and Intellectual Disabilities and Policy/Logic of Expanding Institutions: High Economic Growth Period of Welfare for Mental Disability
1 Introduction
1.1 Research Objectives
1.2 Research Methodology
2 Existence of Children with Severe Motor and Intellectual Disabilities and Social Problem of Its Treatment
3 Development of Movements by Parents of Children with Severe Motor and Intellectual Disabilities
4 Emphasis of "Parents' Mental Attitude"
5 Policy/Logic of Expanding Institutions
5.1 Logic of Social Development
5.2 Measures against Children with Severe Motor and Intellectual Disabilities Incorporating Parents' Nursing Duties
6 Conclusion
 
Part 2 Toward a Movement Viewed from Children with Disabilities: Since 1970s

Chapter 4 Anti-professionism in the Association of Japanese Clinical Psychology (1): Beyond Profession
1 Introduction
1.1 Research Objectives
1.2 Research Methodology
2 Efforts toward Establishment of the Qualification of Clinical Psychologists: 1960s
3 Beginning of Association Reform Movements: 1970s(1)
3.1 Re-examination of Establishment of the Title of Clinical Psychologists
3.2 Problem Presentation by Discussion Groups
3.3 Critical Remarks against Inhibitory Professional Nature Has
4 Criticisms against Psychological Tests: 1970s(2)
4.1 Awareness of Inhibitory Psychological Tests Have
4.2 Insistence of Good Use of Psychological Tests and Expanding of School Attendance Movements
4.3 Overhaul of Psychological Tests
5 Criticisms against Psychotherapy: 1970s(3)
5.1 Awareness of Inhibitory Psychotherapy Has
5.2 Overhaul of Psychotherapy
6 Conclusion

Chapter 5 Anti-professionism in the Association of Japanese Clinical Psychology (2): From Denials of Being a Professional to Limited Affirmation of Professional Nature or Emphasis on Qualifications
1 Introduction
1.1 Research Objectives
1.2 Research Methodology
2 Professionalization of Psychological Job Groups: 1960s
3 Denial of Being Profession: 1970s
3.1 Thorough Criticisms against Professional Nature
3.2 Beyond Being Profession
4 Limited Affirmation of Professional Nature: 1980s(1)
4.1 Emphasis of Fields and Rediscovery of Professional Nature
4.2 Necessity of Case Study
5 Emphasis of Qualifications: 1980s(2)
5.1 Re-organization of Psychological Job Groups and Making National Qualifications by the Ministry of Health and Welfare
5.2 Necessity of National Qualifications
5.3 Conflict of Opinions over National Qualifications
6 Conclusion

Chapter 6 Transformation of Awareness of Disabilities in Parents' Association of Children with Congenital Limb Defects(1): Toward a Movement Accepting "Children with Disabilities Just as They Are"
1 Introduction
1.1 Research Objectives
1.2 Research Methodology
1.3 Mainstream of Parents' Movements during High Economic Growth Period and Its Movement of Criticisms
2 Formation of Parents' Association of Children with Congenital Limb Defects
3 Anticipation Toward Family/Science (Making Investigation to Determine the Cause): 1970s
3.1 Positioning as the Families of Victims
3.2 Development of Activities for Making Investigation to Determine the Cause
3.3 Effects of Science (Making Investigation to Determine the Cause)
4 Involved Persons (Parents/Children)/Based on Daily Life: 1980s
4.1 Reaching a Deadlock for Making Investigation to Determine the Cause
4.2 Differences of Invloved Persons Between Parents and Children
4.3 Development of Activities Based on Daily Life
5 Conclusion
 
Chapter 7 Transformation of Awareness of Disabilities in Parents' Association of Children with Congenital Limb Defects(2): Facing Eugenic Thoughts
1 Introduction
1.1 Research Objectives
1.2 Research Methodology
2 Effects "Understanding of Damage" Has and Parents' Persistency: 1970s
3 Standing in the Viewpoint of Children with Disabilities: 1980s(1)
3.1 Should We Accept Children with Disabilities Just as They Are?
3.2 Reaching a Deadlock for Making Investigation to Determine the Cause and Effect of Disabled People's Movements
3.3 Reexamining Disability Viewed from Children
4 Absence of Children: 1980s(2)
4.1 Relationship between Parents' Deeds for Eliminating Disabilities and Parents' Eugenic Thoughts
4.2 Criticisms against Parents' Eugenic Thoughts
5 Conclusion

Final Chapter Overall Examination
1 Viewpoint of Anti-eugenic Thoughts in the History of Eugenics
2 "Social Model" of Disability as "Postwar Thoughts"
3 Viewpoint of Anti-eugenic Thoughts as "Thoughts after 1970s"
4 What Is Disability Studies?

Afterword






UP:April 8, 2014 REV:April 10, 2014/July 10, 2014