Introductory Bioethics

TAMAI Mariko & OTANI Izumi (Eds.) March 5, 2011, Yuhikaku, 235p.
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『Introductory Bioethics』

■TAMAI Mariko & OTANI Izumi (Eds.) March 5, 2011 Introductory Bioethics 235p. ISBN-10: 4641124205 ISBN-13: 978-4641124202 1995 [amazon][kinokuniya]


The advancement of medical services and reproductive technology has made issues of life complicated. This is an introductory textbook that perceives such themes as surrogate delivery, regenerative medicine, brain death and euthanasia as issues that are not far away from us but exist nearby us in order to consider what and why these are problematic.

■Table of Contents

Forward (TAMAI Mariko)

Introductory Chapter To Keep Considering Things That Have No Answers: An Academic Field of Bioethics (TAMAI Mariko)
 1 When Hearing the Term of "Bioethics," What Do You Think about It?
 2 A Choice that I Do not Rush Over to Rice Paddy Carrying My Disabled Son on My Back
 3 From a Film "John Q"
 4 Goal of Each Chapter

Chapter 1 Where Did Bioethics Come from and Where Will Bioethics Go to?: History of Bioethics and Its Introduction to Japan (HOSODA Miwako)
 1 Bioethics in the U.S.
 2 Bioethics in Japan
 3 Current Bioethics

Chapter 2 Sperm, Ovum and Fertilized Ovum that Are Isolated From Bodies:Bond Between Parent and Child Posed by Assisted Reproduction Technology (KOKADO Minori)
 1 What Is Assisted Reproduction Technology?
 2 Confusions Caused by Use of Assisted Reproduction Technology
 3 Surrogate Delivery and Parent-Child Relationship
 4 What Types of Technologies Can Be Used by Whom?
 5 What Assisted Reproduction Technology Questions

Chapter 3 Technologies to Choose / People who Choose: Questions Posed by Prenatal Diagnosis (WATANABE Maiko)
 1 What Is Prenatal Diagnosis?
 2 Questions Posed by Prenatal Diagnosis
 3 Another Choice

Chapter 4 Stopping to Consider "Dreamy Technologies": Regenerative Medicine (DOHZONO Toshihiko)
 1 Widespread Regenerative Medicine
 2 What Types of Cells Are We Allowed to Obtain?
 3 How Can Cells Be Used?
 4 In Order to Prevent Dreams from Being Bad

Chapter 5 What Types of Information Would You Like to Know?: Informed Consent for Medical Examination and Participation in Research (MARU Yuichi)
 1 In Order to Live the Life that We Want
 2 Informed Consent
 3 Informed Consent in Diagnosis
 4 Informed Consent in Medical Research
 5 Comprehensive Consent

Chapter 6 Patient Centered Medical Care: From a Position of Intractable Disease--ALS  (KAWAGUCHI Yumiko
 1 Living with the Intractable Disease
 2 Relationship with Families
 3 Systems for Continuing Treatments
 4 Efforts to Communicate and Techniques to Understand

Chapter 7 What Is "Aging and Being Cared"?: Self-determination of Those who Are Cared (DEGUCHI Yasunobu)
 1 Self-determination of Those who Age and Are Cared
 2 Field of Care where Wills of the Aged Are Not Respected Well
 3 Why Do We Turn our Back on "Aging and Being Cared" ?
 4 Aging as "Doing" & Aging as "Being"

Chapter 8 In order to Live through to the Last Breath: From a Field of Hospice / Palliative Care (TASHIRO Shimon)
 1 What Is Hospice / Palliative Care?
 2 Birth of Modern Hospice Movement
 3 Development of Hospice / Palliative Care in Japan
 4 Current Nursing of Terminal Period and Views of Life and Death

Chapter 9 Do You Want to Die "in Your preferable way and a humanely" ?: Euthanasia / Death with Dignity (OTANI Izumi
 1 Euthanasia & Death with Dignity?
 2 History of Theory of Euthanasia / Death with Dignity
 3 Reading its Social Context

Chapter 10  Dilemma over Human Death: What Issues of Brain Death / Organ Transplantation Question Us (KIM Yangwhan)
 1 Another Death
 2 Discussions on Death Brain / Organ Transplantation in Japan and Revised Act on Organ Transplantation
 3 What Issues of Brain Death / Organ Transplantation Question Us

Chapter 11 Is Medicine Benevolent Art or Arithmetic?: Distribution of Medical Resources and Ethics (SHIMOJI Masaki)
 1 What Is an Issue of Medical Resource Distriubution
 2 "Committee of God"
 3 Examining Various Screening Standards
 4 Dealing with the Issues Creatively

Chapter 12 Being Strong / Beautiful / Smart / Healthy?: Enhancement and New Eugenics (HOTTA Yoshitaro
 1 Realization of Desires with Biotechnology
 2 Background and Structure of the Issue of Enhancement
 3 Viewpoints Questioning Enhancement
 4 Designing Child with Better Quality

Chapter 13 To What Extent Is Human Being Machine-like?: Neuroethics (KAGAWA Chiaki)
 1 Emergence of Neuroethics
 2 Vision of Neuroethics
 3 Questions on Convergent Science Technology

Chapter 14 To What Extent Is Research on Military Medicine Special?: War and Ethics of Medical Research (TSUCHIYA Takashi)
 1 Anti-humanitarian Medical Research Conducted by Japanese
 2 Medical Crimes Committed by Nazi Germany
 3 Living Body Experiment for Radiation Exposure in the U.S.
 4 Ethics of Medical Research during Wartime and Peacetime

Afterword (OTANI Izumi
List of Authors for Column KATOH Hisatake/TSUGE Azumi/WATANABE Atsushi/MASUI Tohru/SHIRAI Yasuko/IZUMI Kiyotaka/IWAMOTO Aya/HASHIMOTO Hideo/SAEKI Kyoko/NOZAKI Yasunobu/SHIMAZONO Susumu/ANDO Yasunori/MUTOH Kaori/SAISHO Hazuki/MATSUBARA Yoko/YAMAMOTO Tatsuhiko/HIGUCHI Norio

UP:June 16, 2011 REV:
Translation by TAMURA Noriko
Proofread by KATAOKA Minoru
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