Labor Movements of the Youth:
Sociology of "Let us Work" and "We Do not Work"

HASHIGUCHI Shoji March 25, 2011 Seikatsu Shoin, 322p.
Japanese Page

『Sociology of

HASHIGUCHI Shoji March 25, 2011 Labor Movements of the Youth: Sociology of "Let us Work" and "We Do not Work" Seikatsu Shoin, 322p. ISBN-10: 4903690709 ISBN-13: 978-4903690704  2625 [amazon][kinokuniya]


The youth have been marginalized from labor market and hurt through labor. They do not have any convictions as working class. Thus, in their slogans of demonstration, there is a contradiction between "Let us work" and "We do not work." Movements conducted by the marginalized young people working with coalition to challenge labor problems represent “labor movements of the youth." Actually, the movements contain a lot of contradictions. Union members gathers for solving labor problems--companies' such illegal behaviors as wrongful termination or unpaid wages. On the other hand, they do not share an identity as a labor or share labor norms such as "Those who do not work are not allowed to eat." In order to attract those who do not share class-consciousness due to different working places or jobs, efforts have been attempted to form such collective identities as "youth," "freeters" and "precariats." Although these efforts have been successful to some extent and a growing number of members join labor unions, conflicts arises between people with various identities and collective identities at the same time. However, these contradictions and conflicts, which are regarded as issues that an usual labor union should overcome, indeed show characteristics of "labor movements of the youth" and are one of the driving forces of their movements. (Introduction from publisher)

■Table of Contents

Introductory Chapter
      1 Issues This Book Deals with
      2 Definition of "Labor Movements of the Youth"
      3 Structure of This Book

Chapter 1  Transformation of Labor Society and "Labor Movements of the Youth"
      1 Issues This Chapter Deals with
      2 Three Theories of "Labor Society"
      3 Generation and Transformation of Labor-based Society
          3-1 Commodification of Labor Power and Establishment of Labor Society
          3-2 Criticisms against Labor-based Society
      Sub Summary
      4  Arrival and Transformation of Employment Society
      5  Transformation of Labor Society and "Labor Movements of the Youth" in Japan
          5-1 Emergence of Labor Society in Japan
          5-2 Arrival of Labor Society and Establishment of Employment Society
          5-3 Transformation of Employment Society
          5-4 Changes of "Human Beings" in the "Japanese Employment System"
          5-5 "Employment Issue of the Youth" and Supports for the Youth
          5-6  Transformation of Labor Society and "Labor Movements of the Youth" in Japan
      Sub Summary

Chapter 2 What Have "Labor Movements of Youth" Been Doing? : A Case of "Union Bochibochi"
      1 Issues This Chapter Deals with
      2 Contents of "Union Bochibochi’s" Activities
      3 Transformation of Labor Society and "Union Bochibochi"
          3-1 Problem Consciousness in Formation Process: Shearing of "Labor Problems" and
             Creation of Relationship
          3-2 Place where We Can Be Aware of Labor Problems but Do Not Necessarily Have to
      4 Summary

Chapter 3 Alternatives of the Corporate-oriented Society: A Case of Shutoken-Seinen-Union
      1 Issues This Chapter Deals with
      2 Many Union Members Are Young Irregular Employees Engaged in Service Industry
      3 Youth Union Viewed from Questioners
          3-1 Whole Image of the Results of Questionnaires
          3-2 Main Advisers are Families or Friends
          3-3 Response to "Illegal Triple Set"
      Sub Summary
      4  Problem Consciousness in Formation Process
      5  Characteristics of Operation Policy
          5-1  Developing Movement in Order to Make Counterparts Obey Labor Standards Act
          5-2  Empowering Members as an Subject of Execution of Rights Through Trouble-solving
             Process etc.
          5-3  Making All Union Activities Including Collective Bargaining Participatory Style
          5-4  Making Union A Place to Stay Where Members Can Settle Down By Making All Kinds
             of Efforts to Form the Organization and Relationship
      Sub Summary
      6 Summary

Chapter 4 "Labor Movements of the Youth" as Experience Movement: A Case of Freeter Zenpan Rodo
        Kumiai (Precariat Union)
      1 Issues This Chapter Deals with
      2 Examination of Literature
      3 Transformation of Problem Consciousness of Freeter Zenpan Rodo Kumiai (Precariat Union)
          3-1 【1st Period】Re-interpretation of the Image of Freeters and Labor Union Organized by
          3-2 【2nd Period】"May Day for Freedom and Lives" and "Declaration of Unpatriotism without
             Enhancing Humanity of the Youth"
          3-3 【3rd Period】Formation of Movement Culture of Freeter Zenpan Rodo Kumiai (Precariat
      4 Transformation of Identity of Each Individual Member in Union and Experience Movement
          4-1 "…I Am a Labor who Works for 8 Hours or so…”
          4-2 "…I Certainly Feel that I Am not Protected by the Labor Union…"
          4-3 "…I Feel that Having a Party Here Is Waste of my Time (Laugh)"
          4-4 "…Do not Complain and it Is Natural that Awful Conditions Are Sustained…"
          4-5 "…There Are a Number of Union Members who Have the Same Pieces that Can Bond
          4-6 "That Is Probably not a Word of Lie, Is it?"
      5 Summary

Chapter 5 Birth of "Labor / Live Union": A Case Study of Freeter Union Fukuoka
      1 Issues This Chapter Deals with
      2 Examination of Literature on Supports for NEET / Hikikomori (Social Withdrawal)
      3 Formation Process and Activity Contents of Freeter Union Fukuoka
          3-1 Formation Process and Basic Activities
          3-2 Labor Problems that Have Been Dealt with
          3-3 Activity Contents such as Demonstration and Events
      4 What Type of Place Is Freeter Union Fukuoka?
          4-1 Place where you Can Fight Back against the Theory of Self-responsibility
          4-2 Place where you Can Keep Questioning Labor Norm as well as Dealing with Labor
          4-3 Place where I Got Able to Think that "I Simply Restart to Withdraw"
          4-4 Place where you Can Consider Things Retrospectively to the Roots
          4-5 Place where those who Felt Isolated Can Revenge
          4-6 Place where you Do State "No" against "Authorities"
          4-7 Place where you Can Fight in Order to Make a Society where Diversity Is Justified
      5 Summary

Final Chapter

UP:June 23, 2011 REV:June 30, 2011/July 4, 2011
Translation by TAMURA Noriko
Proofread by KATAOKA Minoru
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