Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissable Harm
Kamm, F.M. 200809 Oxford，520p.
■Kamm, F.M. 200809 Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissable Harm，Oxford，520p. ISBN-10:019537195X ISBN-13:978-0195371956 $24.95 [amazon]／[kinokuniya] ※ e08
F.M. Kamm is one of the leading ethical theorists working in philosophy today. She has become well known for her brand of exacting analysis, largely in defense of a non-consequentialist perspective - the view that some actions are right or wrong by virtue of something other than their consequences. In Intricate Ethics, Kamm questions the moral importance of some non-consequentialist distinctions and then introduces, and argues for the moral importance of, other distinctions. The first section provides a general introduction to non-consequentialist ethical theory followed by more detailed discussion of distinctions relevant to instrumental rationality and to the famous "Trolley Problem"; the second deals with the notions of moral status and rights; the third takes up the notions of responsibility and complicity, and discusses new issues in non-consequentialist theory including the "problem of distance." Finally, adding to the first section's discussions of the views of Warren Quinn and Peter Unger, the fourth section analyzes the views of others in the non-consequentialist and consequentialist camps such as Peter Singer, Daniel Kahnemann, Bernard Gert, and Thomas Scanlon.
F. M. Kamm is Littauer Professor of Philosophy and Public Policy, Kennedy School of Government and Professor of Philosophy, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, at Harvard University. She is the author of Creation and Abortion (1992); Morality, Mortality, Vol. 1: Death and Whom to Save From It (1993); and Morality, Mortality Vol.2: Rights, Duties, and Status (1996), all from Oxford University Press.
Section I: Nonconsequentialism And The Trolley Problem
2. Aggregation and Two Moral Methods
3. Intention, Harm, and the Possibility of a Unified Theory
4. The Doctrines of Double and Triple Effect and Why a Rational Agent Need Not Intend the Means to His End
5. Toward the Essence of Nonconsequentialist Constraints on Harming: Modality, Productive Purity, and the Greater Good Working Itself Out
6. Harming People in Peter Unger's Living High and Letting Die
Section II: Rights
7. Moral Status
8. Rights beyond Interests
9. Conflicts of Rights: A Typology
Section III: Responsibilities
10. Responsibility and Collaboration
11. Does Distance Matter Morally to the Duty to Rescue?
12. The New Problem of Distance in Morality
Section IV: Others' Ethics
13. Peter Singer's Ethical Theory
14. Moral Intuitions, Cognitive Psychology, and the Harming/Not-Aiding Distinction
15. Harms, Losses, and Evils in Gert's Moral Theory
16. Owing, Justifying, and Rejecting