The Montreal Massacre: A Story of Membership Categorization Analysis

Eglin, P. & S. Hester 2003 Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press,156+ixp.

last update: 20121123


■Eglin, P. & S. Hester 2003 The Montreal Massacre: A Story of Membership Categorization Analysis,Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press,156+ixp. ISBN-10: 0889204225 ISBN-13: 978-0889204225 [amazon][kinokuniya] s s01


[外部リンク]Wilfrid Laurier University Press home pageより
The Montreal Massacre: A Story of Membership Categorization Analysis adopts an ethnomethodological viewpoint to analyze how the murder of women by a lone gunman at the Ecole Polytechnique in Montreal was presented to the public via media publication over a two-week period in 1989. All that the public came to know & underst& of the murders, the murderer, & the victims was constituted in the description & commentaries produced by the media. What the murders became, therefore, was an expression of the methods used to describe & evaluate them, & central to these methods was membership category analysis - the human practice of perceiving people, places, & events as "members" of "categories," & to use these to explain actions.
This is evident in the various versions comprising the overall story of the Massacre: it was a crime; it was a tragedy; it was a horror story. The killer's story is also based on his own categorial analysis (he said his victims were “feminists”). The media commentators formulated the significance of the murders in categorial terms: it implicated a wider problem, that of violence against women, & thus the reasons for the murders were shown to be categorial matters.
As a contribution to sociology, & as a demonstration of the significance of ethnomethodology for understanding social life, the book reveals the methodical & particularly categorial character of how sense is made of events such as this & how such methodical & categorial resources are central to human interaction.


Preface vii-ix

Chapter 1 Ethnomethodology, Crime, & the Media 3-10
 Introduction 3-6
 Ethnomethodology, Crime, & the Media 6-9
 Membership Categorization Analysis 9-10

PART 1 Stories of the Montreal Massacure 11-86
Chapter 2 The Story Characters Appear on Cue 13-27
 Introduction 13-15
 Offenders, Emergencies, & Deaths: The Crime Story & Its Adjuncts 15-19
 The University & Its Categories: The Horror Story 19-21
 Public Disaster & Personal Tragedy 21-23
 Tragic Mass Murders & Politicians: The Gun Control Story 23
 Offender & Victims: The Killer's Story & That of Violence Against Women 23-25
 Conclusion 25-27

Chapter 3 The Stories of Crime, Horror, Tragedy, Gun Control, & the Killer 29-45
 Introduction 29
 The Crime Story 29-34
 The Horror Story 34-37
 The Tragedy 37-39
 The Gun Control Story 40
 The Story about the Killer 40-45

Chapter 4 The Killer's Story 47-64
 Introduction: Crime As Accountable Action 47-48
 Sacks's Problem & Our Problem 49
 "You're All a Bunch of Feminists": Categorization & the Politics of Terror 49-52
 Lépine's Problem 52-62
 Conclusion 63-64

Chapter 5 The Story of Violence against Women 65-86
 Introduction 65-66
 The Place of the Killig of Women in the Reportage 66-71
 The Professional Commentary: The Murders As "Violence against Women" 71-85
 Conclusion 85-86

PART 2 The Montreal Massacure & Moral Order 87-134
Chapter 6 Accounting for the Massacre: Categories & Social Structure 89-106
 Introduction 89-90
 Sociology, Ethnomethodology, & the Explanation of Conduct 90-91
 The Operational Relevance of Social Context 91-94
 Membership Categorization & Social Structure 94-96
 Social Structure & the Montreal Massacure 96-106
 Conclusion 106

Chapter 7 The Functions of the Massacre: Categories & Consequences 107-124
 Introduction 107
 Sociology, Ethnomethodology, & the Functions of Crime & Deviance 107-109
 Respecifying, the Function of Crime As Members' Phenomena 109-110
 Members' Formulations of the Functions of the Massacre 110-114
 The Variety, Particularity, & Generality of Member's Functionalist Formulations 114-115
 The Montreal Massacre As "Something for Us" & "Something for Then" 116-120
 Functions & Formulators 120-123
 Conclusion 124

Chapter 8 Conclusion: Ethnomethodology, Moral Order, & Membership Categorization Analysis 125-134
 Introduction 125-127
 Ethnomethodology & the Moral Order of Emothonal & Political Response 127-132
 Concluding Remarks 132-134

Appendix 135-138
Notes 139-145
References 147-154
Index 155-158


・第7章 虐殺事件の機能――カテゴリーと論理的帰結(The Functions of the Massacre: Categories & Consequences)より
事件について語るようになった女性たちは,“男性が女性を犠牲にする社会問題の当事者”という装置の共-成員性(co-membership)によりモントリオール虐殺事件の適切な語り手となっているだけではない.それだけではなく,それらの諸機能の体系化も同じように適切となっているのだ.男性が女性を犠牲にする社会問題の一例としてのモントリオール虐殺事件にかんする報道や解説の組織化によって彼女たちが語るうえで適切な人物となっているだけではなく,何が語られる〔べき〕かも同様に適切なものとなるのだ.公的な厄災と個別の社会問題それ自体の双方,つまり“あらゆる人びと”の一員の哀惜・悲嘆・傷だけでなく,選別された語りの当事者の属性とされるような応答の類も含まれる,適切な表現と応答にとっての位置も提供する(124; 〔〕はコンテンツ作成者の加筆,原文イタリックはアンダーラインを付している).

■Chapter 4 The Killer's Storyのもとになった論文とその日本語訳

Eglin, P. & S. Hester, 1999, ""You're All a Bunch of Feminists": Categorization & the Politics of Terror in the Montreal Massacre," Human Studies, 22: 253-72. ISSN: 01638548
(=20001116,小松栄一訳「『おまえらはみんなフェミニストの一味だ』――カテゴリー化とテロの政治」『文化と社会』マルジュ社,2: 74-98. ISBN-10: 4896161270 ISBN-13: 978-4896161274 \3200+税 [amazon][kinokuniya] s)


◆酒井信一郎,2004****,「書評 Peter Eglin & Stephen Hester, 2003, The Montreal Massacre: A Story of Membership Categorization Analysis, Wilfrid Laurier University Press」『社会学研究科年報(立教大学)』11: 163-5. ISSN: 13466259
◆Muschert, G. W., 2005, "The Montreal Massacre: A Story of Membership Categorization Analysis,Waterloo Ont. Canada: Wilfrid Laurier University Press,2003 156pp. $29.95 paper. ISBN: 4896161270," Contemporary Sociology: A Journal of Reviews, 34(4): 416-8. ISSN: 00943061
◆Best, J., 2005, "The Montreal Massacre: A Story of Membership Categorization Analysis by Peter Eglin & Stephen Hester," American Journal of Sociology, 110(2): 520-1. ISSN: 00029602


◆中河伸俊,20050320,「逸脱のカテゴリー化とコントロール」宝月誠進藤雄三編『社会的コントロールの現在――新たな社会的世界の構築をめざして』世界思想社,159-73. ISBN-10: 4790711080 ISBN-13: 978-4790711087 \5600+税 [amazon][kinokuniya] s s01 s02 sm

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