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The Political Economy of Dictatorship

Wintrobe, Ronald 200009 Cambridge University Press, 390p.


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■Wintrobe, Ronald 200009 The Political Economy of Dictatorship, Cambridge University Press. 390p. ISBN-10: 0521794498 ISBN-13: 978-0521794497 \5045 [amazon][kinokuniya]

■内容
内容説明

Although much of the world still lives today, as always, under dictatorship, the behaviour of these regimes and of their leaders often appears irrational and mysterious. In The Political Economy of Dictatorship, Ronald Wintrobe uses rational choice theory to model dictatorships: their strategies for accumulating power, the constraints on their behavior, and why they are often more popular than is commonly accepted. The book explores both the politics and the economics of dictatorships, and the interaction between them. The questions addressed include: What determines the repressiveness of a regime? Can political authoritarianism be 'good' for the economy? After the fall, who should be held responsible for crimes against human rights? The book contains many applications, including chapters on Nazi Germany, Soviet Communism, South Africa under apartheid, the ancient Roman Empire and Pinochet's Chile. It also provides a guide to the policies which should be followed by the democracies towards dictatorships.

Book Description

Although much of the world still lives today, as always, under dictatorship, the behavior of these regimes and of their leaders often appears irrational and mysterious. This book uses rational choice theory to understand dictators: How do "successful" dictatorships stay in power? What determines the repressiveness of a regime? How do their economies work? The book contains many applications, including chapters on Nazi Germany, Soviet Communism, South Africa under apartheid, and Pinochet's Chile. It also provides a guide to the policies that should be followed by the democracies towards dictatorships.

■目次
Acknowledgements

Part I: Introduction
1 The program
The questions
Images of dictatorship
Plan of the book
2 The Dictator's Dilemma
Sympathy for the dictator
The method of analysis: economics and the enforcement program
The instruments of political power
Conclusion

Part II: Equilibrium political repression
3 The tinpot and the totalitarian
Introduction
The model of a tinpot regime
Totalitarian regimes
Policy implications
Conclusion
4 Tranny and timocracy
Love and hate in the Roman Empire
Timocracy and tyranny
War
Gifts
All you need is love: timocracy
From timocracy to tyranny
Conclusion
5 A more general model
Introduction
The model
The derivation of regimes
Comparative statics
Conclusion

PartIII: Economics of autocracy
6 The economy of dictatorship
Introduction
Alternative approaches to the economy of dictatorship
Overview: elements of the autocratic economy
Conclusion
7 Redistribution and rent-seeking
Introduction
Dictatorship, democracy and redistribution
Redistribution in capitalist-authoritarian states
8 Apartheid
Introduction
The polity under apartheid
The aparheid economy
Comparative statics and the fall of apartheid
Conclusion
9 The bureaucratic economy ?: the model
The Soviet experience
Rents, shortages and brides
The Soviet system as a bureaucracy
Conclusion
10 The bureaucratic economy ?: rise and fall
The working of the system
The decline of the system
Soviet versus Chinese reform strategies, or the totalitarian twist
Conclusion

Part IV: The dynamics of dictatorship
11 Democracy in the inaction zone
Introduction
Political inaction
Who gets harmed, and why?
Dynamics of instability and democratic breakdown
The ineffeciency of inaction
Relaxing the assumptions
Conclusion: the tradeoff between action and representation
Mathematical appendix
12 Ethnic conflict and nationalism: from expressionism and futurism to kitsch
Introduction
The value of ethnic capital
Intra- and intergroup ethnic conflict
Weimar and the decline in the yield on ethnic capital
13 The simple economics of criminal bureaucratic responsibility
Introduction
Authority and power
Competition in the Nazi state
The efficiency of competition in the bureaucracy of murder
Bureaucratic responsibility
Conclusion

Part V: Conclusion
14 The machinery of dictatorship
Introduction
The Dictator's Dilemma and the machinery of dictatorship
Is dictatorship good for the economy?
What policies should be followed toward dictatorship by democratic regimes interested in promoting freedom?
Who is responsible?
A brief speculation about the future
References
Name index
Subject index

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