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The Relationship between the Trial of Economic Independence by Persons with Psychosocial Disabilities Themselves and Welfare Policies and Policies to Promote Employment in Japan

MIWA Yoshiko (Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, JAPAN)@2015/11/30
East Asia Disability Studies Forum 2015 in Beijing

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last update: 20151125

¡Current Status of Income Security for Persons with Disabilities in Japan
mcn
According to Cabinet Office (2010), Health, Labour and Welfare Ministry (2009)

Only 1.8 % of persons with psychiatric disability are receiving pension enough to live.

¡Current Status of Job Income of Persons with Psychiatric Disability in Japan
mcn
According to Cabinet Office (2013), Health, Labour and Welfare Ministry (2008 (labor), 2011(Training institute))

Only 5.6 % of persons with a psychiatric disability can work as a regular employee and the average income of such individuals is lower than total average by about \30,000.
«
Training Institutes for persons with disabilities have become the alternative opportunity to establish right job for the persons with psychiatric disability by themselves.

¡Decent Work Models for Persons with Psychiatric Disability
ŸModel A (for a person who was a regular worker at the time of onset):
Disability welfare pension (Typically \150,000) + Job income from training institute (type B) (\0-50,000)
ŸModel B:
Disability standard pension (Typically \170,000) + Public assistance (\50,000-70,000) + Job income from training institute (type B) (\0-20,000)
ŸPurpose:
Comfortable and suitable work with decent income
Working without worsening their illness
Working with peers
Building up jobs and workplaces by gourselvesh as people with a psychiatric disability
Developing their identity as persons in real world (not in homogeneous societies of persons with disability)
¨Disability pension and public assistance is necessary as gbasic incomeh

¡Examples in Japan since the 1980s
Social enterprises established/managed by people with psychiatric disability
mcn
EgMugenh (Since 1989) Matsuyama, Ehime
A training institute (B-type) for persons with psychiatric disability under Fuller dome is an important place to gather and work (mainly with Japanese old cloth).
EgStandh, established in 2015, provides counselling and support for people with disability. The founder, a person with psychiatric disability, should work as a guid e for people with disability for 10 years and be certified as a social welfare worker before start gStandh.

¡Disability Pension reform plan (2015-)
ŸBody in charge
An expert committee under the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (9 psychiatrists, 1 expert on welfare for the disabled)

ŸOstensible Purpose
To narrow the gap between rejection rates of disability pensions for psychiatric/intellectual disability among regions (this rate may differ by up to a factor of 6 between prefectures)

ŸExpected Results
A person who can earn an average of \80,000 per month will not be able to start/continue to receive a disability pension.

¡Expected effect on persons with a psychiatric disability
Destruction/Discontiuance of Decent Work Models for/by/with themselves
Decrease in QOL of those who sometimes can work enough but sometimes cannot

ŸConclusion: Division and diversity loss on way of working in persons with psychiatric disability will progress.


–ì¬FMIWA Yoshiko
UP: 20151125@REV:
žEast Asia Disability Studies Forum@
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