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O'Hagan, Mary 200307 "Let the Sunshine in" 3p.

last update:20150803


This weather〔totally cloudy〕is the judgement that the differences associated with people with mental illness or distress is negative; this is sometimes called stigma.


This〔constant rain〕means an act or a failure to act has led to the exclusion or loss of status of people with mental illness or distress; this is often called discrimination.


The red light represents the medical model view that people with mental illness should not be stigmatised or discriminated against because they are blameless victims of their own psychopathology. Many anti-discrimination campaigns have used this assumption to justify their work, such as the NAMI campaign in the USA and the SANE campaign in Australia. The major outcome they seek is to reduce the stigma that acts as a barrier to people seeking help from mental health services. However, the medical model rationale may inadvertently increase stigma and discrimination because it views the experience of mental illness as having no value and people with mental illness as having lost their competence.


The orange part of the rainbow represents the common humanity view that people with mental illness are not all that different from others because we all share a common humanity; this includes our experiences of distress and mental health problems, which differ only in degree. An example of this approach is the Like Minds, Like Mine television adverts which feature famous and successful people with mental illness and end with the slogan that one in five people experience mental illness at some time in their lives. The common humanity view has been criticised because in its attempt to minimise the difference between people with mental illness and others, it may inadvertently increase stigma and discrimination against people who are most severely affected by their mental illness or distress who are often perceived as being the most different.

翻訳:伊東 香純(20150726)

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O'Hagan, Mary  ◇精神障害/精神医療
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