A Contemporary History of the Theory of Social Discrimination: Considered in Relation to Social Movements

YAMAMOTO Takanori
Abstract:
The main tendency in the contemporary theory of social discrimination is the lack of the historical context of social movements. Infact, the theory is related closely with social movements, mainly active since 1968, which have aimed for liberation from social discrimination. But the theory narrowly focuses on a person?fs experience of discriminating or being discriminated against. Therefore, the theory does not ask about the relations among the various problems of social discrimination.

When the relation between the theory for social discrimination and social movements was close, both the particularity of each problem regarding social discrimination and the relation among these problems was asked sharply. At the same time, the theory possessed a viewpoint of analyzing social structure. This is important, because it is still necessary to think about the relation of social discrimination and class in this period of capitalism (which is, of course, a social structure), but the contemporary theory has lost this viewpoint. In this sense, it is important to reinsert the historical context of social movements in the theory to clarify the present problems within the theory.


Keywords: social discrimination, social movements, 1968, social structure, people