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"An Economic Approach to Terrorists' Behavior: Is Basic Income Effective as Anti-Terrorism Measures?"

HIGUCHI Yasushi

last update: 20151224


An Economic Approach to Terrorists' Behavior: Is Basic Income Effective as Anti-Terrorism Measures?

HIGUCHI Yasushi
Abstract:
The aim of an economic approach to terrorists' behavior is to get some hints of the reason why terrorists participate in terrorist groups and how to prevent them from doing so. The utility maximization approach and an economic approach to crime (Becker (1968)) are used as analytical tools. These methods presuppose that there are uncertain cases. If a basic income was available as an option in an uncertain situation, would terrorists choose a basic income or the uncertain rewards of terrorism? A basic income is income which people can certainly receive. However, terrorists receive rewards for terrorism only when they succeed, and not, when they fail. The theme of this paper is finding counterterrorism measures to prevent terrorists from engaging in terrorism and showing whether a basic income can be an effective strategy of benevolence.


Keywords: Basic Income, A strategy of deterrence, Terrorism, An Economic Approach to Crime, A strategy of benevolence

REV: 20151224
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