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"The Reaffirmation of the Stigmatized Family: the Examination of Comparative Studies about English-Speaking Lesbian-families in Countries"

ARITA Keiko

last update: 20151224


The Reaffirmation of the Stigmatized Family: the Examination of Comparative Studies about English-Speaking Lesbian-families in Countries

ARITA Keiko
Abstract:
The purpose of this paper is to point out that lesbian-families are not homogeneous. Arita(2006)* surveyed the research in developmental psychology about lesbian-mothers and their children in the U.S. and Europe. As a whole, this research holds the premise that lesbian-families are homogeneous. However, recent research indicates that this premise does not match reality. The research of Mary Ann van Dam, Rhonda Brown et.al, reveals that lesbian-mothers who have had babies as lesbians by design disclose their sexuality to society more than lesbian-mothers with children from a previous heterosexual marriage. This research indicates that although lesbian-mothers who are open about their sexuality may receive social criticism, they also have the ability to create stronger support networks. T.Gershon, et.al, focuses on the relationship between feelings of self-esteem and stigma in the children of lesbian-mothers. The research shows that children who disclose more about their mothers sexuality tend to have higher self-esteem even if they perceive a social stigma. Finally, the writing of A.Garner, who is a child of gay-fathers, shows the complexities that arise when straight children tell the outside world that their parents are gay. This suggests that not only the families of lesbians but those of gays as well are heterogeneous. *Arita,K.2006 "Beyond limitation in the legal definition of 'parent': what lesbian-mothers assert in legal courts in America," Core Ethics 2:209-224.


Key words: Lesibian mother, Gay father, Disclosure, Coming out,Reproduction of LGBTIQ
REV: 20151224
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