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障害学研究会関西部会第16回研究会 例会資料

障害学研究会関西部会第16回研究会 於:京都テルサ(京都勤労者総合福祉センター)

障害学研究会第16回関西部会例会 10/19/2002 資料
Gregor WolbringさんOHP(土屋貴志訳)

(1) A Nike advertisement presents one view:
"Fortunately the Air Dri-Goat features a patented goat-like outer sole for increased traction so you can taunt mortal injury without actually experiencing it. Right about now you're probably asking yourself 'How can a trail running shoe with an outer sole designed like a goat's hoof help me avoid compressing my spinal cord into a Slinky on the side of some unsuspecting conifer, thereby rendering me a drooling, misshapen non-extreme-trail-running husk of my former self, forced to roam the earth in a motorized wheelchair with my name embossed on one of those cute little license plates you get at carnivals or state fairs, fastened to the back?'...."
(Nike advertisement, Backpacker Magazine , October 2000)


(2) The History of Thalidomide by Stephens and Brynner presents another view:
"How did parents endure the shock [of the birth of a thalidomide baby]? The few who made it through without enormous collateral damage to their lives had to summon up the same enormous reserves of courage and devotion that are necessary to all parents of children with special needs and disabilities; then, perhaps, they needed still more courage, because of the special, peculiar horror that the sight of their children produced in even the most compassionate. Society does not reward such courage, because those parents' experience represents our own worst nightmare, ever since we first imagined becoming parents ourselves....
The impact upon the brothers and sisters of the newborn was no less horrific. This was the defining ordeal of their family life - leaving aside for now the crushing burden on their financial resources from now on."
(Trent Stephens and Rock Brynner, 2001, Dark Remedy; the impact of thalidomide and its revival as a vital medicine , Perseus Publishing, Cambridge: Massachusetts, USA, pp.65-66.)


(3) Quoting from sections of the Declaration on Science: of the UNESCO World Conference on Sciences 1999
25. . . . . that there are barriers which have precluded the full participation of other groups, of both sexes, including disabled people, indigenous peoples and ethnic minorities, hereafter referred to as"disadvantaged groups". . .

42. Equal access to science is not only a social and ethical requirement for human development, but also a necessity for realizing the full potential of scientific communities worldwide and for orienting scientific progress towards meeting the needs of humankind. The difficulties encountered by women, constituting over half of the population in the world, in entering, pursuing and advancing in a career in the sciences and in participating in decision-making in science and technology should be addressed urgently. There is an equally urgent need to address the difficulties faced by disadvantaged groups, which preclude their full and effective participation.

25. ・・・両性、障害者、原住民、少数民族を含む他の集団(以下「不利益を被っている諸集団」と称する)の完全参加を妨げている障壁がある・・・

42. 科学への平等なアクセスは、人間が成長するための社会的倫理的条件であるだけでな

(4) Quoting from the Science Agenda-Framework for Action: of the UNESCO World Conference on Sciences 1999
17. Scientists, research institutions and learned scientific societies and other relevant non-governmental organizations should commit themselves to increased international collaboration, including the exchange of knowledge and expertise.Initiatives to facilitate access to scientific information sources by scientists and institutions in the developing countries should be especially encouraged and supported. Initiatives to fully incorporate women scientists and other disadvantaged groups from the South and North into scientific networks should be implemented. In this context efforts should be made to ensure that results of publicly-funded research will be made accessible.

79. The full participation of disadvantaged groups in all aspects of research activities, including the development of policy, also needs to be ensured.

81. Governments and educational institutions should identify and eliminate, from the early learning stages on, educational practices that have a discriminatory effect, so as to increase the successful participation in science of individuals from all sectors of society, including disadvantaged groups.

91. Special efforts also need to be made to ensure the full participation of disadvantaged groups in science and technology, and they should include:
- removing barriers in the education system;
- removing barriers in the research system;
- raising awareness of the contribution of these groups to science and technology in order to overcome existing stereotypes;
- undertaking research, supported by the collection of data, documenting
- monitoring implementation and documenting best practices;
- ensuring representation in policy-making bodies and forums.

17. 科学者、研究機関、科学界および関連NGOは、知識と専門的技能の交流を含む国際的協力を増進しなければならない。発展途上国の科学者と研究機関が科学的情報資源にアクセスできるよう促す方策をとりわけ奨励し支持すべきである。南と北の女性科学者や不利益を被っている諸集団を科学ネットワークに完全に参加させる方策を実施すべきである。この点で、公的資金による研究の成果にアクセスできることを確実にする努力を払うべきである。

79. 方針の開発を含む研究活動のすべての側面に不利益を被っている諸集団が完全に参加することも保障する必要がある。

81. 不利益を被っている諸集団を含む社会のすべての部分の人々が科学にますますうまく参加できるように、政府と教育機関は、差別的効果を持つあらゆる教育実践を、その初期段階から同定し除去するべきである。

91. 不利益を被っている諸集団が科学技術に完全に参加できるよう保障するために特別な努力が払う必要がある。これらの努力には以下のものが含まれるべきである:

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